CN207581853U - The automatic quenching device of workpiece - Google Patents

The automatic quenching device of workpiece Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207581853U
CN207581853U CN201721431075.0U CN201721431075U CN207581853U CN 207581853 U CN207581853 U CN 207581853U CN 201721431075 U CN201721431075 U CN 201721431075U CN 207581853 U CN207581853 U CN 207581853U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
workpiece
rack
babinet
automatic quenching
cylinder
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201721431075.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴志强
陈鹏
徐彪
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Guangdong Fuwa Heavy Industry Co Ltd
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Guangdong Fuwa Heavy Industry Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201721431075.0U priority Critical patent/CN207581853U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN207581853U publication Critical patent/CN207581853U/en
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Abstract

The automatic quenching device of workpiece, including rack;It is arranged on above rack to mount the hanger of workpiece;Rack-mounted babinet is provided with the heating unit for heating workpiece and the spray system for spraying water to workpiece surface in babinet;The pushing material component being arranged in rack, the pushing material component includes and the matched axis pin in hole of workpiece and the first driving unit, the workpiece of hanger bottom is pushed in babinet for axis pin to be driven to be moved between the lower section of hanger and the opening of babinet or pulls out the workpiece in babinet outside babinet by first driving unit.The quenching unit of the utility model can realize the full-automatic quenching of shift fork, improve the efficiency of shift fork quenching, eliminate manual operation, reduce the cost of shift fork processing.

Description

The automatic quenching device of workpiece
Technical field
The utility model is related to the technical field of surface of workpiece, and in particular to a kind of automatic quenching device of workpiece.
Background technology
Under normal conditions, the workpiece such as axis, shift fork are needed after the completion of machining, carry out quenching treatment, so that workpiece meets Requirement.What current workpiece quenching operation was manually performed mostly, be that will be put into quenching tank after workpiece heat to carry out soon Quickly cooling is but, manually-operated less efficient, and the cost expended is higher.
Utility model content
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the purpose of this utility model is intended to provide a kind of automatic quenching device of workpiece, It can improve the efficiency of workpiece quenching, reduce cost.
To achieve the above object, the utility model adopts the following technical solution:
The automatic quenching device of workpiece, including,
Rack;
It is arranged on above rack to mount the hanger of workpiece;
Rack-mounted babinet is provided with heating unit for heating workpiece in babinet and for workpiece table The spray system of face water spray;
The pushing material component being arranged in rack, the pushing material component include driving with the matched axis pin in hole of workpiece and first Unit, first driving unit is for driving axis pin to be moved between the lower section of hanger and the opening of babinet, by hanger bottom Workpiece push in babinet or pull out the workpiece in babinet outside babinet.
The automatic quenching device of the workpiece has further included a top-pushing mechanism, which includes mandril and the second drive Moving cell, second driving unit are used to that mandril to be driven to move up and down workpiece to be made to be detached from axis pin pushing tow workpiece.
The guide rail extended along its length is provided in rack, that is slided on guide rail is equipped with a push plate, and axis pin is fixed In push plate, push plate upper surface is additionally provided with a top plate, and the first driving unit is the first cylinder, and the telescopic rod of first cylinder connects It is connected in push plate.
Top-pushing mechanism includes two mandrils for being respectively arranged at axis pin both sides, and the second driving unit is the second cylinder, and two push up Bar is fixed on the telescopic rod of the second cylinder.
The automatic quenching device of the workpiece further includes conveying mechanism, conveying mechanism include motor, be articulated in rack and with The driving wheel of machine shaft connection, is synchronized around the transmission being located at outside driving wheel and driven wheel the driven wheel being articulated in rack Band, conveyer belt are located at the lower section of top-pushing mechanism.
Hanger includes the mounting bracket being fixed in rack, the third cylinder that cylinder part is mounted on mounting bracket, is connected to Mounting base on third Telescopic-cylinder bar, the mounting rod and gag lever post for being fixed on the extension of mounting base upper edge bracket height direction.
The automatic quenching device of the workpiece further includes water tank and for the water in water tank to be pumped into spray system Water pump.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
Compared with the prior art, the quenching unit of the utility model can realize the full-automatic quenching of shift fork, improve and dial The efficiency of quenching is pitched, eliminates manual operation, reduces the cost of shift fork processing.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the side view of the utility model.
Specific embodiment
In the following, with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is further described:
As shown in Figure 1, 2, for the utility model a kind of workpiece automatic quenching device, the device be used for shift fork 90 into Row quenching treatment, including rack 10, hanger 20, babinet 60 and pushing material component, wherein, peace of the rack 10 as whole device Dress basis, hanger 20 is set in the top of rack 10, is used to put multiple shift forks 90, makes multiple shift forks 90 along height side It is piled up to stacking, and shift fork 90 can downwards be fallen along short transverse according to dead weight, babinet 60 is mounted in rack 10, the babinet 60 A heating unit and a spray system are built-in with, which is used for when shift fork 90 is located in babinet 60, to shift fork 90 It is heated, spray system is then to spray water after shift fork 90 is heated to certain temperature to the surface of shift fork 90, makes shift fork 90 fast Prompt drop temperature, so as to carry out quenching treatment to shift fork 90.Pushing material component includes one and the matched axis pin 32 of axis hole on shift fork 90 And the first driving unit for driving the transverse shifting in rack of axis pin 32, first driving unit can drive axis pin 32 to exist It is moved between 20 lower section of hanger and the opening of babinet 60, i.e., when axis pin 32 is located at 20 underface of hanger, bottommost on hanger 20 Shift fork 90 is downward according to dead weight, and axis pin 32, which is worn, to be connected on the axis hole of the shift fork 90 for being located at bottommost, and the first driving unit starts, band Dynamic axis pin 32 and the shift fork 90 on axis pin 32 are moved to be moved towards close to the direction of babinet 60, when shift fork 90 is from babinet 60 Opening enter 60 inner cavity of babinet after, shift fork 90 starts to quench in babinet 60, after the completion of quenching, the first driving unit start, Axis pin 32 is driven to pull out shift fork 90 from babinet 60.
The above-mentioned quenching unit of the utility model can realize the full-automatic quenching of shift fork, improve the effect of shift fork quenching Rate eliminates manual operation, reduces the cost of shift fork processing, certainly, the quenching unit of the utility model can not only be applicable in excessively In shift fork, the quenching suitable for other workpiece also is able to, does not do excessive explanation herein.
On the basis of the above, the automatic quenching device of the utility model workpiece further includes a top-pushing mechanism, the top-pushing mechanism Including 41 and second driving unit of mandril, mandril 41 is mounted on the power output end of the second driving unit, second driving unit For mandril to be driven to move up and down, after shift fork 90 is completed to quench and pulled out from babinet 60 by axis pin 32, the second driving unit opens It is dynamic, mandril 41 is driven to move upwards, mandril jacks up the shift fork 90 on axis pin 32, and shift fork 90 is made to be detached from axis pin 32.
A guide rail 33 extended along its length, one push plate of mounting head slided on guide rail 33 are additionally provided in rack 10 31, axis pin 32 is fixedly mounted in push plate 31, and the power output end of the first driving unit is connected in push plate 31, in the push plate 31 On be additionally provided with a top plate 34, push plate 31 drive axis pin 32 will be pushed positioned at the shift fork 90 of 20 bottommost of hanger towards babinet 60 When, top plate 34 lifts the shift fork 90 above the shift fork 90 of the bottommost, prevents under multiple 90 entirety of shift fork for stacking and piling up It moves, after the shift fork 90 of bottommost completes quenching, the first driving unit drives top plate 34 to retract initial position, and top plate 34 is avoided dialling Fork 90, shift fork 90 falls and hangs on axis pin 32 downwards, then carries out the quenching of next workpiece.
Above-mentioned top-pushing mechanism includes two mandrils 41, which is respectively placed in the both sides of axis pin 32, to ensure When ejecting shift fork 90, shift fork 90 will not be blocked by axis pin 32.The second driving unit in the utility model is the second cylinder 40, Mandril 41 is fixed on the telescopic rod of the second cylinder 40;Likewise, above-mentioned first driving unit is the first cylinder 30.Certainly, One cylinder 30 and the second cylinder 40 can also be replaced, such as motor-driven lead screw transmission mechanism using other driving devices Deng.
The automatic quenching device of the workpiece of the utility model further includes conveying mechanism, and conveying mechanism includes motor, is articulated in In rack 10 and with the driving wheel 51 of the machine shaft connection, driven wheel 52 being articulated in rack 10, synchronous around being located at driving wheel 51 and driven wheel 52 outside conveyer belt 53, conveyer belt 53 is located at the lower section of top-pushing mechanism, after shift fork 90 is completed to quench, mandril 41 eject shift fork 90 from axis pin 32, and shift fork 90 is then fallen on conveyer belt 53, have conveying mechanism to send to next station.
The above-mentioned hanger 20 of the utility model includes mounting bracket 21, third cylinder 24, mounting base 25, mounting rod 21 and limit Position bar 22, mounting bracket 21 are fixed in rack 10, and the cylinder body of third cylinder 24 is mounted on mounting bracket 21, and mounting base 25 is fixed on On the telescopic rod of third cylinder 24, mounting rod 21 and gag lever post 22 extend along short transverse, and the two top is each attached to In mounting base 25, when needing shift fork 90 being housed on hanger 20, third cylinder 24 rises mounting base 25, makes mounting rod 21 The axis hole axostylus axostyle for stacking the multiple shift forks 90 placed is sequentially passed through, mounting base 50 is slowly fallen, using gag lever post 22 to shift fork 90 are limited, and prevent shift fork 90 from being swung when moving down.
The automatic quenching device of the workpiece further includes water tank 71 and for the water in water tank 71 to be pumped into spray system The water pump 72 of system.
Above example is only to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model, rather than its limitations;Although with reference to aforementioned reality Example is applied the utility model is described in detail, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that, it still can be to preceding The technical solution recorded in each embodiment is stated to modify or to which part technical characteristic progress equivalent replacement, and these Modification is replaced, the spirit and model of various embodiments of the utility model technical solution that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution It encloses.

Claims (7)

1. the automatic quenching device of workpiece, which is characterized in that including,
Rack;
It is arranged on above rack to mount the hanger of workpiece;
Rack-mounted babinet is provided with heating unit for heating workpiece in babinet and for being sprayed to workpiece surface The spray system of water;
The pushing material component being arranged in rack, the pushing material component include single with the matched axis pin in hole of workpiece and the first driving Member, first driving unit is for driving axis pin to be moved between the lower section of hanger and the opening of babinet, by hanger bottom Workpiece pushes in babinet or pulls out the workpiece in babinet outside babinet.
2. the automatic quenching device of workpiece as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the automatic quenching device of the workpiece also wraps A top-pushing mechanism is included, which includes mandril and the second driving unit, which is used to drive mandril It moves up and down workpiece to be made to be detached from axis pin pushing tow workpiece.
3. the automatic quenching device of workpiece as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that be provided with along its length in rack The guide rail of extension, that slides on guide rail is equipped with a push plate, and axis pin is fixed in push plate, and push plate upper surface is additionally provided with a top Plate, the first driving unit are the first cylinder, and the telescopic rod of first cylinder is connected in push plate.
4. the automatic quenching device of workpiece as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that top-pushing mechanism is set respectively including two Mandril in axis pin both sides, the second driving unit are the second cylinder, and two mandrils are fixed on the telescopic rod of the second cylinder.
5. the automatic quenching device of workpiece as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the automatic quenching device of the workpiece also wraps Include conveying mechanism, conveying mechanism includes motor, the driving wheel that is articulated in rack and is connect with machine shaft, is articulated in rack Driven wheel, synchronous around the conveyer belt being located at outside driving wheel and driven wheel, conveyer belt is located at the lower section of top-pushing mechanism.
6. the automatic quenching device of workpiece as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that hanger includes the peace being fixed in rack It shelves, the third cylinder that cylinder part is mounted on mounting bracket, the mounting base being connected on third Telescopic-cylinder bar, be fixed on peace Fill the mounting rod and gag lever post of seat upper edge bracket height direction extension.
7. the automatic quenching device of workpiece as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the automatic quenching device of the workpiece also wraps Include water tank and the water pump for the water in water tank to be pumped into spray system.
CN201721431075.0U 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 The automatic quenching device of workpiece Active CN207581853U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721431075.0U CN207581853U (en) 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 The automatic quenching device of workpiece

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721431075.0U CN207581853U (en) 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 The automatic quenching device of workpiece

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207581853U true CN207581853U (en) 2018-07-06

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201721431075.0U Active CN207581853U (en) 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 The automatic quenching device of workpiece

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN207581853U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112376002A (en) * 2020-10-14 2021-02-19 陈龙 Precise quenching process for red copper plate

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112376002A (en) * 2020-10-14 2021-02-19 陈龙 Precise quenching process for red copper plate

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