CN207528167U - General planer-type flatness checking device - Google Patents

General planer-type flatness checking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207528167U
CN207528167U CN201721630973.9U CN201721630973U CN207528167U CN 207528167 U CN207528167 U CN 207528167U CN 201721630973 U CN201721630973 U CN 201721630973U CN 207528167 U CN207528167 U CN 207528167U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
probe
long slot
vertical
slot bore
steel tube
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CN201721630973.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘松
耿非
孙明双
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中车长春轨道客车股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201721630973.9U priority Critical patent/CN207528167U/en
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Publication of CN207528167U publication Critical patent/CN207528167U/en

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Abstract

General planer-type flatness checking device belongs to the detection device field of vehicle body of railway vehicle fitting plane degree, it includes square steel tube girder, two altitude datum regulating mechanisms and flatness probe in detecting mechanism, long slot bore slides in the probe in detecting mechanism that the front end face of square steel tube girder is equipped with perforation, and the vertical end face of square steel tube girder is equipped with the height adjustment mechanism penetrated through and slides long slot bore;Altitude datum regulating mechanism includes vertical height adjusting seat, first level axis pin and slit base plate, and flatness probe in detecting mechanism includes tablet probe and the second horizontal pin shaft.When being detected using the detection device of the utility model to the flatness of workpiece, measuring operation can be reduced to only need operating personnel's complete independently by original two people collaboration, its mapping process labor intensity is remarkably decreased, and it is convenient and efficient, accurate efficient to measure operation, so as to greatly improve production efficiency, working hour is saved, creates economic benefit.

Description

General planer-type flatness checking device

Technical field

The utility model belongs to the detection device field of vehicle body of railway vehicle fitting plane degree, and in particular to a kind of general dragon Planer-type surface degree detection device.

Background technology

The car body of current track car, assembling profession include the flatness detection method at the positions such as floor, headwall, side wall Following two modes:

Method one is directly born against using the leveling ruler of 1m-3m on the tested end face of component to be measured, uses tape measure or Steel Ruler Flatness detection is carried out, when this method lacks unified measurement and positioning datum mark, therefore it is applied to the poor component of flatness When, the greatest measure and minimum value precision of measured data are insufficient.

Method two, be using 1m-3m leveling rulers and two preset height values 50mm calibrated bolck cooperation, use tape measure or steel Board foot is treated measuring part and is detected, since the calibrated bolck that two height determine is as measurement and positioning benchmark so that this method Measurement data it is more accurate, but not only outfit is more for this method, while its calibrated bolck can not fill in indivedual weld seams, sliding slot Etc. narrow space to be detected, therefore the measurement situation that such positioning datum end face is made to be located in slit can not apply this method, There is certain limitation.

Utility model content

In order to solve the existing simple method for directly using leveling ruler measurement planeness of workpiece because lacking unified measurement and positioning Datum mark and precision are insufficient and two preset height values of existing application be 50mm the method that coordinates in leveling ruler of calibrated bolck, Outfit is more, and because the width of calibrated bolck is larger, therefore can not be applied to the detection operating mode that datum end face is located in slit The technical issues of, the utility model provides a kind of general planer-type flatness checking device.

The utility model technical solution adopted for solving the technical problem is as follows:

General planer-type flatness checking device, including square steel tube girder, two altitude datum regulating mechanisms and plane Probe in detecting mechanism is spent, the front end face of square steel tube girder is equipped with the probe in detecting mechanism slip long slot bore of perforation, square steel tube master The height adjustment mechanism that the vertical end face of beam is equipped with perforation slides long slot bore;

The altitude datum regulating mechanism includes vertical height adjusting seat, first level axis pin and slit base plate, described The front end face of vertical height adjusting seat is equipped with the vertical long slot bore of adjusting seat of perforation, the front end face side of the vertical long slot bore of adjusting seat Edge is equipped with the first vertical scale section;First level axis pin includes the first screw rod and the first nut;The slit base plate is located at The lower section of square steel tube girder, vertical height adjusting seat pass vertically through upwards from below height adjustment mechanism slide long slot bore, first The front end of screw rod is connect after advancing through probe in detecting mechanism slip long slot bore from rear with the first nut thread;

Flatness probe in detecting mechanism includes tablet probe and the second horizontal pin shaft, and the front end face of tablet probe, which is equipped with, to be passed through The vertical long slot bore of logical tablet, the vertical long slot bore front end face edge of tablet are equipped with the second vertical scale section;Second horizontal pin shaft Including the second screw rod and the second nut;The lower end of tablet probe is acute angle tip;The rear end face of the tablet probe is examined with probe The front end face fitting of mechanism slips long slot bore is surveyed, acute angle tip is located at the lower section of square steel tube girder and is disposed vertically downward, second The front end of screw rod is connect after advancing through probe in detecting mechanism slip long slot bore from rear with the second nut thread.

The cross section of the square steel tube girder is the square that the length of side is 40mm, and long slot bore and height slide in probe in detecting mechanism The length for spending regulating mechanism slip long slot bore is 2640mm, and the elongated slot hole width of the two is 15mm.

The length of first screw rod and the second screw rod is 65mm, and the diameter of the two is 15mm;Vertical height tune The front/rear end distance values of bed rearrangement are 15mm.

The height of the vertical height adjusting seat is 100mm, and the vertical height of slit base plate is 30mm, slit base plate It is 2mm along the transverse width on square steel tube girder extending direction;The length of first scale section is 50mm, between minimum scale Away from for 1mm.

The vertical height of the acute angle tip of the tablet probe is 60mm, and the overall height of tablet probe is 110mm, the The length of two scale sections is 50mm, and the spacing of minimum scale is 1mm.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are:The square steel tube girder of the general planer-type flatness checking device can cover The flatness dimensional measurement demand of whole large-size components of trolley coach, it is universal good.The square steel tube girder straightness of itself Qualification, which need to be detected, through reference instrument to use, and the original depth of square steel tube slides the width of long slot bore with its height adjustment mechanism Degree and length are by stress deformation Strength co-mputation, in the length orientation, gravity deformation error when measuring flatness with it Influence can be ignored.Long slot bore, square steel tube master slide in the probe in detecting mechanism that square steel tube girder front end face is equipped with perforation The height adjustment mechanism that the vertical end face of beam is equipped with perforation slides long slot bore;First screw rod, the second screw rod can be embedded in just Respective heights regulating mechanism on square steel tube girder slides long slot bore and free to slide along fluting direction with vertical posture.It is vertical Height adjusting seat is embedded in corresponding probe in detecting mechanism slip long slot bore and free to slide with vertical edge fluting direction just. First scale section is used to indicate the height value that height adjustment mechanism slides the top edge of long slot bore, so as to make the two height bases in left and right The height of quasi- regulating mechanism is identical, and then ensures that the level of long slot bore is slided by square steel tube girder and its probe in detecting mechanism Degree.Slit base plate can not be filled in for being inserted into calibrated bolck from vertical direction in the narrow space to be detected such as indivedual sliding slots, So as to will be located at sliding slot bottom surface on originally can not positioning reference plane measured directly converted by vertical height adjusting seat to two On altitude datum regulating mechanism, and the positioning datum is further converted through coordinate to square steel tube girder and flatness probe in detecting In mechanism, the datum level reference so as to which measurement datum be enable directly to position and as subsequently measuring.Second scale section is used for Indicate that the side wall of tablet probe slides the height value of the top edge of long slot bore relative to height adjustment mechanism, it is sharp for measuring The raised points of workpiece measured by the top of the horn head or the deflection at depression points position, and then obtain the plane number of degrees on measured workpiece surface Value information, and overcome old method outfit more completely, and because the width of calibrated bolck is larger, therefore benchmark can not be applied to End face is located at the technical issues of detection operating mode in slit.

When being detected using the general planer-type flatness checking device to the flatness of workpiece, measuring operation can be by Original two people collaboration is reduced to only need operating personnel's complete independently, and mapping process labor intensity is remarkably decreased, and is surveyed It is convenient and efficient, accurate efficient to measure operation, so as to greatly improve production efficiency, saves working hour, creates economic benefit.

In addition the general planer-type flatness checking device also has simple and practical in structure, easy to operate, of low cost, just In popularize the advantages that.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the dimensional structure diagram of the general planer-type flatness checking device of the utility model;

Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged view of I parts in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is the front view of the general planer-type flatness checking device of the utility model;

Fig. 4 is the vertical view of the general planer-type flatness checking device of the utility model;

Fig. 5 is the utility model altitude datum regulating mechanism dimensional structure diagram;

Fig. 6 is the explosion assembling schematic diagram of the utility model altitude datum regulating mechanism;

Fig. 7 is the utility model flatness probe in detecting mechanism dimensional structure diagram;

Fig. 8 is the partial enlarged view of II parts in Fig. 1.

Specific embodiment

The utility model is described in further details below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

As shown in Figures 1 to 8, the general planer-type flatness checking device of the utility model includes square steel tube girder 1, two A altitude datum regulating mechanism 2 and flatness probe in detecting mechanism 3, the front end face of square steel tube girder 1 are equipped with the probe of perforation Long slot bore 1-1 slides in testing agency, and the vertical end face of square steel tube girder 1 is equipped with the height adjustment mechanism slip long slot bore of perforation 1-2。

Altitude datum regulating mechanism 2 includes vertical height adjusting seat 2-1, first level axis pin 2-2 and slit base plate 2- The front end face of 3, vertical height adjusting seat 2-1 are equipped with the vertical long slot bore 2-1-1 of adjusting seat of perforation, the vertical long slot bore of adjusting seat The front end face edge of 2-1-1 is equipped with the first vertical scale section 2-1-2.First level axis pin 2-2 include the first screw rod 2-2-1 and First nut 2-2-2.Slit base plate 2-3 is located at the lower section of square steel tube girder 1, and vertical height adjusting seat 2-1 is upward from below It passes vertically through height adjustment mechanism and slides long slot bore 1-2, the front end of the first screw rod 2-2-1 advances through probe in detecting from rear It is threadedly coupled after mechanism slips long slot bore 1-1 with the first nut 2-2-2, for vertical height adjusting seat 2-1 is with vertical Posture is slided long slot bore 1-2 with height adjustment mechanism and is relatively fixed.

Flatness probe in detecting mechanism 3 includes tablet probe 3-1 and the second horizontal pin shaft 3-2, before tablet probe 3-1 End face is equipped with the vertical long slot bore 3-1-1 of tablet of perforation, and the vertical long slot bore 3-1-1 front end faces edge of tablet is equipped with vertical by the Two scale section 3-1-2.Second horizontal pin shaft 3-2 includes the second screw rod 3-2-1 and the second nut 3-2-2.Under tablet probe 3-1 It holds as acute angle tip 3-1-3.The front end face that the rear end face of tablet probe 3-1 slides long slot bore 1-1 with probe in detecting mechanism is bonded, Acute angle tip 3-1-3 is located at the lower section of square steel tube girder 1 and is disposed vertically downward, and the front end of the second screw rod 3-2-1 is from rear direction It is preceding that probe in detecting mechanism is passed through to be threadedly coupled after sliding long slot bore 1-1 with the second nut 3-2-2, so that it is guaranteed that tablet probe 3-1 The front end face for sliding long slot bore 1-1 with probe in detecting mechanism with vertical posture is fixed.

The cross section of square steel tube girder 1 is the square that the length of side is 40mm, and long slot bore 1-1 and height slide in probe in detecting mechanism The length for spending regulating mechanism slip long slot bore 1-2 is 2640mm, and the elongated slot hole width of the two is 15mm.Square steel tube girder 1 straightness of itself need to detect qualification through reference instrument and can use, the original depth of square steel tube and its height adjustment mechanism The width and length for sliding long slot bore 1-2 pass through stress deformation Strength co-mputation, and in the length orientation, flatness is measured with it When gravity deformation error influence can be ignored.

The length of first screw rod 2-2-1 and the second screw rod 3-2-1 are 65mm, and the diameter of the two is 15mm.It is vertical The front/rear end distance values of height adjusting seat 2-1 are 15mm, so as to ensure the first screw rod 2-2-1, the second screw rod 3-2-1 and hang down The respective heights regulating mechanism that can be embedded in just to height adjusting seat 2-1 on square steel tube girder 1 slides long slot bore 1-2 or right The probe in detecting mechanism answered is slided in long slot bore 1-1, and free to slide along fluting direction.

The height of vertical height adjusting seat 2-1 is 100mm, and the vertical height of slit base plate 2-3 is 30mm, slit pedestal Plate 2-3 is 2mm along the transverse width on 1 extending direction of square steel tube girder.The length of first scale section 2-1-2 is 50mm, most The spacing of down scale is 1mm, and the first scale section 2-1-2 is used to indicate the top edge that height adjustment mechanism slides long slot bore 1-2 Height value, so as to make left and right two altitude datum regulating mechanisms 2 height it is identical, and then ensure square steel tube girder 1 and The levelness of long slot bore 1-1 is slided by its probe in detecting mechanism.Slit base plate 2-3 for be inserted into from vertical direction calibrated bolck without Method is filled in the narrow space to be detected such as indivedual sliding slots, measured directly can not be positioned originally on sliding slot bottom surface so as to be located at Datum level is converted to two altitude datum regulating mechanisms 2, and the positioning datum is further by vertical height adjusting seat 2-1 Converted through coordinate to square steel tube girder 1 and flatness probe in detecting mechanism 3, so as to enable measurement datum directly positioning and As the datum level reference subsequently measured.

The vertical height of the acute angle tip 3-1-3 of tablet probe 3-1 is 60mm, and the overall height of tablet probe 3-1 is The length of 110mm, the second scale section 3-1-2 are 50mm, and the spacing of minimum scale is 1mm.Second scale section 3-1-2 is used for Indicate that the side wall of tablet probe 3-1 slides the height value of the top edge of long slot bore 1-2 relative to height adjustment mechanism, for The raised points of workpiece or the deflection at depression points position measured by acute angle tip 3-1-3 are measured, and then obtain measured workpiece table The flatness numerical information in face.

During the general planer-type flatness checking device of concrete application the utility model, it is used for using slit base plate 2-3 Being inserted into calibrated bolck from vertical direction can not fill in the narrow space to be detected such as indivedual sliding slots, and pass through the first scale section 2- 1-2 is used to indicate the height value that height adjustment mechanism slides the top edge of long slot bore 1-2, so as to make the two altitude datum tune in left and right The height for saving mechanism 2 is identical, and then ensures that the level of long slot bore 1-1 is slided by square steel tube girder 1 and its probe in detecting mechanism Degree.

Hereafter, flatness probe in detecting mechanism 3 is made to slide the fluting direction of long slot bore 1-1 by 15 millis along probe in detecting mechanism The same intervals of rice slide at least ten position, and pass through the side that the second scale section 3-1-2 reads instruction tablet probe 3-1 respectively Wall slides the height value of the top edge of long slot bore 1-2 relative to height adjustment mechanism, so as to obtain the plane on measured workpiece surface Number of degrees value information.

Claims (5)

1. general planer-type flatness checking device, it is characterised in that:The device includes square steel tube girder (1), two height bases Quasi- regulating mechanism (2) and flatness probe in detecting mechanism (3), the front end face of square steel tube girder (1) are equipped with the probe inspection of perforation Mechanism slips long slot bore (1-1) is surveyed, the vertical end face of square steel tube girder (1) is equipped with the height adjustment mechanism slip elongated slot of perforation Hole (1-2);
The altitude datum regulating mechanism (2) includes vertical height adjusting seat (2-1), first level axis pin (2-2) and slit base Seat board (2-3), the front end face of the vertical height adjusting seat (2-1) are equipped with the vertical long slot bore of adjusting seat (2-1-1) of perforation, The front end face edge of the vertical long slot bore of adjusting seat (2-1-1) is equipped with the first vertical scale section (2-1-2);First level axis pin (2-2) includes the first screw rod (2-2-1) and the first nut (2-2-2);The slit base plate (2-3) is positioned at square steel tube girder (1) lower section, vertical height adjusting seat (2-1) pass vertically through from bottom to top height adjustment mechanism slide long slot bore (1-2), first The front end of screw rod (2-2-1) from back to front pass through probe in detecting mechanism slide long slot bore (1-1) afterwards with the first nut (2-2-2) spiral shell Line connects;
Flatness probe in detecting mechanism (3) includes tablet probe (3-1) and the second horizontal pin shaft (3-2), tablet probe (3-1) Front end face is equipped with the vertical long slot bore of tablet (3-1-1) of perforation, and tablet vertical long slot bore (3-1-1) front end face edge, which is equipped with, to hang down To the second scale section (3-1-2);Second horizontal pin shaft (3-2) includes the second screw rod (3-2-1) and the second nut (3-2-2); The lower end of tablet probe (3-1) is acute angle tip (3-1-3);The rear end face of the tablet probe (3-1) and probe in detecting mechanism The front end face fitting of long slot bore (1-1) is slided, acute angle tip (3-1-3) is positioned at the lower section of square steel tube girder (1) and vertically downward Arrangement, the front end of the second screw rod (3-2-1) pass through from back to front probe in detecting mechanism slide long slot bore (1-1) afterwards with the second nut (3-2-2) is threadedly coupled.
2. general planer-type flatness checking device as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The square steel tube girder (1) Cross section be the length of side be 40mm square, probe in detecting mechanism slide long slot bore (1-1) and height adjustment mechanism slide grow The length of slot (1-2) is 2640mm, and the elongated slot hole width of the two is 15mm.
3. general planer-type flatness checking device as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:First screw rod (the 2-2- 1) and the length of the second screw rod (3-2-1) is 65mm, and the diameter of the two is 15mm;Vertical height adjusting seat (2-1) The distance values of front/rear end are 15mm.
4. general planer-type flatness checking device as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The vertical height adjusting seat The height of (2-1) is 100mm, and the vertical height of slit base plate (2-3) is 30mm, and slit base plate (2-3) is along square steel tube master Transverse width on beam (1) extending direction is 2mm;The length of first scale section (2-1-2) be 50mm, the spacing of minimum scale For 1mm.
5. general planer-type flatness checking device as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The tablet probe (3-1) Acute angle tip (3-1-3) vertical height for 60mm, the overall height of tablet probe (3-1) is 110mm, the second scale section The length of (3-1-2) is 50mm, and the spacing of minimum scale is 1mm.
CN201721630973.9U 2017-11-28 2017-11-28 General planer-type flatness checking device CN207528167U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721630973.9U CN207528167U (en) 2017-11-28 2017-11-28 General planer-type flatness checking device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publication Number Publication Date
CN207528167U true CN207528167U (en) 2018-06-22

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109029223A (en) * 2018-08-23 2018-12-18 东莞市欧珀精密电子有限公司 The roughness measurement method of jig and center component
CN109883285A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-06-14 洛阳乾中新材料科技有限公司 A kind of school shape measurement tooling and its application method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109029223A (en) * 2018-08-23 2018-12-18 东莞市欧珀精密电子有限公司 The roughness measurement method of jig and center component
CN109883285A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-06-14 洛阳乾中新材料科技有限公司 A kind of school shape measurement tooling and its application method

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