CN207498892U - A kind of cavernous body ecological revetment - Google Patents

A kind of cavernous body ecological revetment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207498892U
CN207498892U CN201721570711.8U CN201721570711U CN207498892U CN 207498892 U CN207498892 U CN 207498892U CN 201721570711 U CN201721570711 U CN 201721570711U CN 207498892 U CN207498892 U CN 207498892U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
cavernous
plant
ecological revetment
water
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
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CN201721570711.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张焕庆
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Chengdu Jingu Landscape Engineering Co Ltd
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Chengdu Jingu Landscape Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201721570711.8U priority Critical patent/CN207498892U/en
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Publication of CN207498892U publication Critical patent/CN207498892U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of cavernous body ecological revetment, including:Bottom zone is fixed in riverbed;Gentle slope area, gentle slope area surface are fixed with multiple rectangular gabions, and the rectangular gabion stacks stepped distribution, and the rectangular gabion includes grid outline border, pervious bed and gravel layer;The pervious bed is filled in the grid outline border, and the gravel layer is layed at the top of the pervious bed;The pervious bed uses water-permeable brick;The quadrel cage top face gravel layer exposed portion is equipped with an arc plantation portion, and the arc plantation portion is interior to plant layer covered with vegetation;Top region is located at the top of the gentle slope area.The utility model provides a kind of cavernous body ecological revetment, uses and fills out the rectangular gabion equipped with water-permeable brick and stack to form step type, has stronger erosion resistibility, good water permeability, flow is exchanged by rectangular gabion with soil, meets the construction in sponge city.

Description

A kind of cavernous body ecological revetment
Technical field
The utility model is related to water body revetment field more particularly to a kind of cavernous body ecological revetments.
Background technology
Sponge city refers to that city can have as sponge adapting to environmental change and reply natural calamity etc. Good " elasticity ".The water systems such as river, lake, pond, alleviating in city in waterlogging, alleviation tropical island effect has important role.Riverbank It is to connect aquatic ecosystem and the tie and surface water and ground of terrestrial ecosystems as the important component in river The carrier of lower hydrodynamic(al) state exchange process.In urban development, the water-based riverbank such as most of rivers, lake, pond can build revetment, use In protection riverbank, prevention bank slope collapse or wash away, and protect the facility of water body in gardens.
In the prior art, river revetment is generally armored concrete revetment or block stone grouts revetment, and hard riverbank blocks The lateral ties of river ecosystem, completely cut off the ecological environment in water system and the ecological environment on bank, are unfavorable for The hydraulic balance of water system and bank underground water is kept, revetment is formed and is destroyed.In addition, hard revetment cannot generate buffering to water system And purification, the purification ability in river is reduced, has aggravated water pollution, is provided to the bio-diversity and water of aquatic ecosystem The sustainable use in source causes very big harm.
Authorization Notice No. is that the Chinese utility model patent of 205369155 U of CN discloses a kind of cavernous body ecological revetment, It, which is used, is mixed with water penetration brick realization water body exchange made of garden waste concrete, but after garden waste corrosion The hole of formation influences the integral strength of water penetration brick, and garden waste putrefaction process can pollute water quality, influence revetment It is ecological.
Utility model content
One purpose of the utility model is to solve at least the above and/or defect, and provide and at least will be described later The advantages of.
In order to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of cavernous body ecological revetment, including:
Bottom zone is fixed in riverbed;The bottom zone is equipped with spats concrete block;The spats concrete block upper berth Layer is planted equipped with a floatingleaved plant;
Gentle slope area, gentle slope area surface are fixed with stiffener assembly, covered with staged metalling on the stiffener assembly, The staged metalling is equipped with multiple rectangular gabions, and the rectangular gabion is stepped to be stacked, and the rectangular gabion includes Grid outline border, pervious bed and the gravel layer being made of metal material;The pervious bed is filled in the grid outline border, the gravel Rock layers are layed at the top of the pervious bed;The pervious bed uses water-permeable brick, and buffer gap is equipped between the water-permeable brick, described Water brick includes brick body, six permeable slots and circulation chamber;The circulation chamber is located at brick body centre, is hexahedron structure, The circulation chamber connects six permeable slots;The pervious bed is equipped with a filter layer along the rectangular gabion short transverse;The side Shape gabion top surface gravel layer exposed portion is equipped with an arc plantation portion, and the arc plantation portion is interior to plant layer covered with vegetation;
Top region is located at the top of the gentle slope area;The top region surface is equipped with earth backing layer.
Preferably, the stiffener assembly includes strengthening pedestal and reinforcing rib;The reinforcing rib forms triangle, described to add Strong basis seat is fixed on each vertex of triangle;The stiffener assembly is distributed in continuous triangle shape.
Preferably, the permeable slot is equipped with a mesh screen.
Preferably, brick body surface is equipped with many places low-lying area hole.
Preferably, the vegetation plantation layer is set as submerged plant layer and emergent aquactic plant layer along river successively upwards.
Preferably, the submerged plant layer kind is implanted with hornwort, watermifoil plant;The emergent aquactic plant layer kind is implanted with lotus Flower, yellow flag, Lythrum salicaria and giantreed plant.
Preferably, the metal material of the grid outline border includes iron wire, steel wire or alloy material.
Preferably, the grid outline border is equipped with evenly distributed reinforcing rib.
Preferably, the earth backing layer is equipped with top plant sheath;It plants sheath kind and is implanted with crape myrtle, winter jasmine plant in the top Object.
The utility model includes at least following advantageous effect:Cavernous body ecological revetment uses and fills out the quadrel equipped with water-permeable brick Cage stacks to form stepped riverbank, water-permeable brick good water permeability, and water body is exchanged by rectangular gabion water-permeable brick with riverbank soil, Water source is provided, and stepped rectangular gabion combination has stronger erosion resistibility, protects riverbank, is conducive to water for plant growth Soil is shielded and sustain, and prevents revetment landslide and soil erosion, and the hollow hole in the gap between water-permeable brick and brick surface is lively to miniature water Object provides habitat.In addition, the filter layer in rectangular gabion is conducive to filter water body, vegetation purifies water and with Ecological View Reward property improves river purification ability, is conducive to safeguard ecological environment;Arc plantation portion at the top of gravel layer is conducive to soil It keeps, avoids rain drop erosion soil so as to destroy vegetation plantation layer, gravel layer is conducive to root system of plant and takes root, given birth to conducive to plant It is long.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the cavernous body ecological revetment structure diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the rectangular gabion structure schematic diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the water-permeable brick dimensional structure diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the water-permeable brick cross section structure schematic diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 5 is the stiffener assembly structure diagram of the utility model.
Reference numeral:1- bottom zones, 11- spats concrete blocks, 12- floatingleaved plants plantation layer, 2- gentle slopes area, 21- strengthen Component, 211- strengthen pedestal, and 212- reinforcing ribs, 22- staged metallings, 3- top regions, 31- earth backing layers, 311-, which plants at top, to be protected Layer, the rectangular gabions of 4-, 5- grid outline borders, 6- pervious beds, 61- filter layers, 7- gravel layers, 71- arc plantation portions, 8- water-permeable bricks, 81- brick bodies, 82- circulation chambers, the permeable slots of 83-, 9- vegetation plantation layer, 91- submerged plants layer, 92- emergent aquactic plants layer.
Specific embodiment
The following describes the utility model in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, to enable those skilled in the art with reference to explanation Book word can be implemented according to this.
It should be appreciated that such as " having ", "comprising" and " comprising " term used herein do not allot one or more The presence or addition of a other element or combinations.
Fig. 1 ~ 5 show a kind of cavernous body ecological revetment of the utility model, including:
Bottom zone 1, is fixed in riverbed;The bottom zone 1 is equipped with spats concrete block 11;The spats concrete block Floatingleaved plant plantation layer 12 is equipped on 11;
Gentle slope area 2,2 surface of gentle slope area are fixed with stiffener assembly 21, covered with staged on the stiffener assembly 21 Metalling 22, the staged metalling 22 are equipped with multiple rectangular gabions 4, and the rectangular gabion 4 is stepped to be stacked, described Rectangular gabion 4 includes the grid outline border 5 being made of metal material, pervious bed 6 and gravel layer 7;The pervious bed 6 is filled at described In grid outline border 5, the gravel layer 7 is layed in 6 top of pervious bed;The pervious bed 6 uses water-permeable brick 8, described permeable Buffer gap is equipped between brick 8, the water-permeable brick 8 includes 81, six permeable slots 83 of brick body and circulation chamber 82;The circulation chamber 82 It is hexahedron structure in 81 centre of brick body, the circulation chamber 82 connects six permeable slots 83;6 edge of pervious bed 4 short transverse of rectangular gabion is equipped with a filter layer 61;Rectangular 4 top surface gravel layer of gabion, 7 exposed portion is equipped with an arc kind Plant portion 71, the arc plantation portion 71 is interior to plant layer 9 covered with vegetation;
Top region 3 is located at 2 top of gentle slope area;3 surface of top region is equipped with earth backing layer 31.
In this technical solution, the stiffener assembly 21 on 2 surface of gentle slope area strengthens fixed riverbank soil, the rank piled up Ladder type metalling 22 further consolidates riverbank, and flow is exchanged by the 8 permeable slot 83 of water-permeable brick with riverbank soil, described 8 brick body 81 of water-permeable brick is conducive to water body circulation, realization is comprehensive permeable, is advantageously implemented river per permeable slot 83 is designed on one side Flow the lateral ties of ecosystem flow;Rectangular gabion 4 causes engineering structure and ecological environment to combine together, piles up the rank to be formed The combination of ladder type rectangular gabion 4 has stronger erosion resistibility, protects riverbank, is conducive to water and soil and shields and sustain, prevent revetment landslide and Soil erosion;Filter layer 61 in rectangular gabion 4 filters the water body from riverbank soil, river, advantageously allows rivers current Keep clean with soil underground water, the vegetation plantation layer 9 has ecological pet and purifies water, and it is net to improve river itself Change ability is conducive to safeguard ecological environment;The gravel layer 7 is conducive to root system of plant and takes root, conducive to plant growth;Surface is rectangular Covering vegetation plantation layer 9 in the arc plantation portion 71 at the top of 4 gravel layer of gabion 7, arc plantation portion 71 be conducive to soil conservation with It is fixed, rain drop erosion soil is prevented so as to destroy vegetation.
In another example, the stiffener assembly 21 includes strengthening pedestal 211 and reinforcing rib 212;The reinforcing rib 212 Triangle is formed, the reinforcement pedestal 211 is fixed on each vertex of triangle;The stiffener assembly 21 is distributed in continuous triangle shape. Using this scheme, the reinforcing rib for forming triangle has good stability so that stiffener assembly 21 obtains more firmly solid Determine soil effect.
In another example, the permeable slot 83 is equipped with a mesh screen.Using this scheme, the rubbish in anti-water-stop body Impurity enters the water-permeable brick, blocks permeable slot 83 and circulation chamber 82, influences the water penetration of water-permeable brick 8.
In another example, 81 surface of brick body is equipped with many places low-lying area hole.It is minitype aquatic animal using this scheme Habitat is provided, is conducive to keep river channel ecology balance, improves buffering and regulating power of the revetment to river.
In another example, the vegetation plantation layer 9 is set as submerged plant layer 91 along river and is planted with very water successively upwards Nitride layer 92.Using this scheme so that revetment landscape has transitionality, and abundant Aquatic Plant Diversity, purifies water, favorably In protection river channel ecology environment.
In another example, 91 kinds of the submerged plant layer is implanted with hornwort, watermifoil plant;The emergent aquactic plant layer 92 kinds are implanted with lotus, yellow flag, Lythrum salicaria and giantreed plant.Using this scheme, Aquatic Plant Diversity is improved so that ecology Revetment has more eugenic state ornamental value.
In another example, the metal material of the grid outline border 5 includes iron wire, steel wire or alloy material.Using this Kind scheme, the flexibilities such as iron wire, steel wire are good and with intensity, resist river degradation.
In another example, the grid outline border 5 is equipped with evenly distributed reinforcing rib.Using this scheme, enhance institute The structural strength of rectangular gabion 4 is stated, extends its service life.
In another example, the earth backing layer 31 is equipped with top and plants sheath 311;Plant 311 kinds of plants of sheath in the top There are crape myrtle, winter jasmine plant.Using this scheme, be conducive to improve the ecological pet of ecological revetment entirety, and sheath is planted at top 311 take root at the top of revetment, are conducive to curing soil, prevent erosion.
Although the embodiment of the utility model is disclosed as above, it is not restricted in specification and embodiment Listed utilization, it can be applied to various fields suitable for the present invention completely, for those skilled in the art, Other modification is easily implemented, therefore without departing from the general concept defined in the claims and the equivalent scope, this reality Specific details and legend shown and described herein are not limited to novel.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of cavernous body ecological revetment, which is characterized in that including:
Bottom zone(1), it is fixed in riverbed;The bottom zone(1)Equipped with spats concrete block(11);The spats concrete Block(11)On be equipped with a floatingleaved plant plantation layer(12);
Gentle slope area(2), the gentle slope area(2)Surface is fixed with stiffener assembly(21), the stiffener assembly(21)On covered with rank Ladder type metalling(22), the staged metalling(22)It is equipped with multiple rectangular gabions(4), the rectangular gabion(4)In rank Scalariform stacks, the rectangular gabion(4)Including the grid outline border being made of metal material(5), pervious bed(6)With gravel layer(7); The pervious bed(6)It is filled at the grid outline border(5)In, the gravel layer(7)It is layed in the pervious bed(6)Top;Institute State pervious bed(6)Using water-permeable brick(8), the water-permeable brick(8)Between be equipped with buffer gap, the water-permeable brick(8)Including brick body (81), six permeable slots(83)With circulation chamber(82);The circulation chamber(82)Positioned at brick body(81)Centre is six faces Body structure, the circulation chamber(82)Connect six permeable slots(83);The pervious bed(6)Along the rectangular gabion(4)Height side To equipped with a filter layer(61);The rectangular gabion(4)Top surface gravel layer(7)Exposed portion is equipped with an arc plantation portion(71), The arc plantation portion(71)It is interior to plant layer covered with vegetation(9);
Top region(3), it is located at the gentle slope area(2)Top;The top region(3)Surface is equipped with earth backing layer(31).
2. cavernous body ecological revetment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the stiffener assembly(21)Including strengthening pedestal (211)With reinforcing rib(212);The reinforcing rib(212)Form triangle, the reinforcement pedestal(211)It is each to be fixed on triangle Vertex;The stiffener assembly(21)It is distributed in continuous triangle shape.
3. cavernous body ecological revetment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the permeable slot(83)It is equipped with a mesh screen.
4. cavernous body ecological revetment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that brick body(81)It is hollow that surface is equipped with many places Hole.
5. cavernous body ecological revetment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the vegetation plants layer(9)It is upward along river It is set as submerged plant layer successively(91)With emergent aquactic plant layer(92).
6. cavernous body ecological revetment as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that the submerged plant layer(91)Kind is implanted with goldfish Algae, watermifoil plant;The emergent aquactic plant layer(92)Kind is implanted with lotus, yellow flag, Lythrum salicaria and giantreed plant.
7. cavernous body ecological revetment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the grid outline border(5)Metal material packet Include iron wire, steel wire or alloy material.
8. cavernous body ecological revetment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the grid outline border(5)Equipped with evenly distributed Reinforcing rib.
9. cavernous body ecological revetment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the earth backing layer(31)It is equipped with top and plants shield Layer(311);Plant sheath in the top(311)Kind is implanted with crape myrtle, winter jasmine plant.
CN201721570711.8U 2017-11-22 2017-11-22 A kind of cavernous body ecological revetment Expired - Fee Related CN207498892U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721570711.8U CN207498892U (en) 2017-11-22 2017-11-22 A kind of cavernous body ecological revetment

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721570711.8U CN207498892U (en) 2017-11-22 2017-11-22 A kind of cavernous body ecological revetment

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109138122A (en) * 2018-08-27 2019-01-04 扬州大学 A kind of three-dimensional integrated intelligent Rain Garden and its application method
CN110683652A (en) * 2019-10-11 2020-01-14 上海市园林工程有限公司 Constructed wetland island water purification system and construction method thereof
CN112227490A (en) * 2020-09-28 2021-01-15 上海交通大学 Ecological revetment construction method for controlling land-side surface runoff pollution
CN112227490B (en) * 2020-09-28 2021-11-12 上海交通大学 Ecological revetment construction method for controlling land-side surface runoff pollution

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109138122A (en) * 2018-08-27 2019-01-04 扬州大学 A kind of three-dimensional integrated intelligent Rain Garden and its application method
CN110683652A (en) * 2019-10-11 2020-01-14 上海市园林工程有限公司 Constructed wetland island water purification system and construction method thereof
CN112227490A (en) * 2020-09-28 2021-01-15 上海交通大学 Ecological revetment construction method for controlling land-side surface runoff pollution
CN112227490B (en) * 2020-09-28 2021-11-12 上海交通大学 Ecological revetment construction method for controlling land-side surface runoff pollution

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20180615

Termination date: 20181122