CN207490730U - A kind of resonant motor for flapping wing aircraft - Google Patents

A kind of resonant motor for flapping wing aircraft Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207490730U
CN207490730U CN201721714073.2U CN201721714073U CN207490730U CN 207490730 U CN207490730 U CN 207490730U CN 201721714073 U CN201721714073 U CN 201721714073U CN 207490730 U CN207490730 U CN 207490730U
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China
Prior art keywords
coil
permanent magnet
wing aircraft
flapping wing
shell
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201721714073.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王梓力
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王梓力
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of resonant motors for flapping wing aircraft, module occurs including motion module and kinetic energy, the motion module includes permanent magnet and driven subassembly, permanent-magnet synchronous is followed to move from a group moving part, the kinetic energy occurs module and includes first coil and the second coil, first coil is located at the N poles side of permanent magnet, second coil is located at the S poles side of permanent magnet, permanent magnet space is equipped between first coil and the second coil and permanent magnet, the current direction of first coil and the second coil is opposite.This resonant motor is simple in structure, reliable, reduces production cost, and alleviate the weight of simple harmonic motion component, improves simple harmonic motion vibrating effect and reduces the energy consumption of flapping wing aircraft.

Description

A kind of resonant motor for flapping wing aircraft
Technical field
The utility model is related to micromachine technical fields, and in particular to a kind of resonant motor for flapping wing aircraft.
Background technology
Flapping wing aircraft refers to generate lift and the aircraft of forward power by wing active movement as bird, also known as Ornithopter.Its main feature is that:Wing active movement pats the counter-force of air as lift and forward power by wing, by wing and The position change of empennage carries out maneuvering flight.The domestic method in the simple harmonic motion for realizing flapping flight has slide crank agllutination at present Structure, cam spring structure, planar linkage structure, space connecting-rod structure, elastic support structure.The power plant of these structures is used On flapping wing aircraft, multiple parts is needed to combine, complicated, making required precision height, poor reliability, whole movable group The quality weight of part need to consume extra kinetic energy and overcome frictional force etc., and shared space is bigger, be unfavorable for miniature The development of flapping wing aircraft.
Utility model content
To be solved in the utility model is the deficiencies in the prior art, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of for flapping wing aircraft Resonant motor.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
Including motion module and kinetic energy module, the motion module occur for a kind of resonant motor for flapping wing aircraft Including permanent magnet and driven subassembly, permanent-magnet synchronous is followed to move from a group moving part, the kinetic energy occurs module and includes first coil With the second coil, first coil is located at the N poles side of permanent magnet, and the second coil is located at the S poles side of permanent magnet, first coil and second Permanent magnet space is equipped between coil and permanent magnet, the current direction of first coil and the second coil is opposite.
Operation principle:First coil is provided in the N poles side of permanent magnet, the second coil is provided in the S poles side of permanent magnet, First coil and the second coil are fixed, and it is empty that permanent magnet movement is equipped between first coil and the second coil and permanent magnet Between, provide direction opposite electric current with the second coil in first coil, first coil generates magnetic field after being powered, magnetic direction with forever Magnet N is extremely identical, and first coil is mutually exclusive with permanent magnet;First coil generates magnetic field, magnetic direction and permanent magnet S after being powered Pole is on the contrary, the second coil attracts each other with permanent magnet;Therefore permanent magnet can be deviated to the second coil position, realize the fortune of permanent magnet It is dynamic.The flow direction for alternately replacing first coil and the second coil current is controlled by circuit, reached permanent magnet in first coil and Resonance is generated on the locality of second coil.
Preferred embodiment, the kinetic energy occur module and further include permeability magnetic material, what first coil and the second winding wire surrounded Permeability magnetic material is mounted in hollow cavity respectively.
Preferred embodiment, the permeability magnetic material are paramagnetics.Using paramagnetic material, after coil generates magnetic field, paramagnetics Magnetized by the magnetic field of coil, the paramagnetics after magnetization enhances the magnetic field intensity of coil, enhances attraction of the coil to permanent magnet With repulsion magnetic field force;After coil blackout loses magnetic field, coil magnetic field disappears, and paramagnetics disappears thirty years of age also with the magnetic field of coil That is demagnetization, after being magnetized due to other permeability magnetic materials, externally-applied magnetic field removal after permeability magnetic material cannot demagnetization immediately, compared to more other Permeability magnetic material is more sensitive to the control of flapping wing aircraft using paramagnetics permeability magnetic material.
Preferred embodiment, the permanent magnet are at least one piece.
Preferred embodiment, the motion module and kinetic energy occur module and are separately mounted in shell, and the shell is non-magnetic Material, motion module are movably placed in the middle part of shell, and the both ends that module is respectively and fixedly installed to shell occur for kinetic energy.
Preferred embodiment, the permanent magnet are equipped with sliding block, and the sliding block direction is parallel with the direction of motion of motion module, institute The guide rail for offering on the inner wall of shell and matching with the sliding block of permanent magnet is stated, the guide rail is equipped with ball, and permanent magnet passes through Sliding block moves on the guide rail of shell.
Preferred embodiment, the driven subassembly include connecting portion and driving section, and the connecting portion is and permanent magnet outer rim phase The pipe sleeve matched, connecting portion are set in the outer rim of permanent magnet, and driving section is fixed on connecting portion, and driving section connects with exterior components It connects.
Preferred embodiment, the driven subassembly be a long straight-bar, length direction and the permanent magnet magnetic induction line direction phase of long straight-bar It is mutually vertical.
Preferred embodiment offers the elongated hole of driven subassembly movement, the length direction of elongated hole and movement on the shell The direction of motion of module is parallel, and the driving section of driven subassembly or long straight-bar are moved in the length range of elongated hole.
Preferred embodiment, the driven subassembly are un-conducted magnetic material, and beam is fitted on the elongated hole of the shell.
The utility model compared with prior art, has the following advantages and advantages:
(1) this resonant motor employs permanent magnet electromagnetic principle of induction, is set respectively in the N poles side of permanent magnet and S poles side First coil and the second coil, when first coil attracts permanent magnet, the second coil just repels permanent magnet, first coil and second Magnetic force relationship between coil period sex reversal and permanent magnet realizes that permanent magnet generates resonance.This resonant motor is simple in structure, fortune Row is reliable, reduces production cost, and alleviate the weight of simple harmonic motion component, improves simple harmonic motion vibrating effect and reduction The energy consumption of flapping wing aircraft.
(2) online corral into hollow cavity in be equipped with paramagnetics, when coil is powered, paramagnetics is magnetized, after magnetization Paramagnetics enhances the magnetic induction intensity of coil, improves kinetic energy and module occurs to the attraction or repulsive force of motion module, carry The power of high resonant motor.
(3) guide rail is equipped on the inner wall of the shell of resonant motor, guide rail is equipped with ball, including permanent magnet is by sliding block It is moved back and forth on the guide rail of wall.The guide rail of shell can provide motion guide for permanent magnet first, prevent permanent magnet outside Occur overturning or rubbing in shell, resonant motor is avoided to break down;Secondly guide rail, which is equipped with ball, can reduce permanent magnet outside Frictional force in shell reduces the electric energy loss of flapping wing aircraft;Last shell is un-conducted magnetic material, it is possible to reduce the magnetic of permanent magnet Property loss.
(4) driven subassembly is provided on permanent magnet, driven subassembly can be transmitted to the kinetic energy of permanent magnet zero external The movement of part facilitates the connection of driven subassembly and exterior components.
Description of the drawings
Attached drawing described herein is used for providing further understanding the utility model embodiment, forms the one of the application Part does not form the restriction to the utility model embodiment.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the resonant motor structure diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 along A-A sectional views;
Fig. 3 is Fig. 1 along B-B sectional views;
Fig. 4 is the resonant motor principle schematic of the utility model.
Label and corresponding parts title in attached drawing:
1- permanent magnets, 2- driven subassemblies, 3- first coils, the second coils of 4-, 5- paramagnetics, 6- shells, 11- sliding blocks, 61- Elongated hole, 62- guide rails, 63- balls.
Specific embodiment
For the purpose of this utility model, technical solution and advantage is more clearly understood, with reference to embodiment and attached drawing, The utility model is described in further detail, and the exemplary embodiment and its explanation of the utility model are only used for explaining this Utility model is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 4, a kind of resonant motor for flapping wing aircraft of the utility model, including movement Module occurs for module and kinetic energy, and motion module includes permanent magnet 1 and driven subassembly 2, permanent magnet 2 is followed to synchronize fortune from group moving part 2 Dynamic, kinetic energy occurs module and includes 3 and second coil 4 of first coil, and first coil 3 is located at the N poles side of permanent magnet 1, the second coil 4 Between the S poles side of permanent magnet 1,3 and second coil 4 of first coil and permanent magnet 1 be equipped with 1 space of permanent magnet, first The current direction of 3 and second coil 4 of coil is opposite.The electric current opposite to first coil 3 and second coil, 4 conducting directions is to reality Existing 3 and second coil 4 of first coil is to the N poles of permanent magnet 1 or the attraction of S poles and the movement effects of repulsion.This resonant motor knot Structure is simple, reliable, reduces production cost, and alleviate the weight of simple harmonic motion component, improves simple harmonic motion vibration Effect and the energy consumption for reducing flapping wing aircraft.
Operation principle:As shown in figure 4, being provided with first coil 3 in the N poles side of permanent magnet 1, set in the S poles side of permanent magnet 1 The second coil 4 has been put, paramagnetics 5 is mounted in the hollow cavity surrounded in first coil 3, in the hollow cavity that the second coil 4 surrounds Inside it is mounted with paramagnetics 5.The activity that permanent magnet 1 moves back and forth is reserved between 3 and second coil 4 of permanent magnet 1 and first coil Space.3 and second coil 4 of first coil is fixed on relatively motionless in shell 6, the activity relatively in shell 6 of permanent magnet 1. One coil 3 and the second coil 4 are respectively turned on the opposite electric current in direction, and first coil 3 generates magnetic field after being powered, magnetic direction with forever The N of magnet 1 is extremely identical, and first coil 3 and the N of permanent magnet 1 are extremely mutually exclusive;Second coil 4 generates magnetic field, magnetic field side after being powered To the S poles with permanent magnet 1 on the contrary, the S poles of the second coil 4 and permanent magnet 1 attract each other;Therefore permanent magnet 1 can be to the second coil 4 Position offset realizes the movement of permanent magnet 1.The stream for alternately replacing 3 and second coil of first coil, 4 electric current is controlled by circuit To having reached permanent magnet 1 and generated resonance on the locality of 3 and second coil 4 of first coil.3 and second line of first coil The current direction of circle 4 is controlled by circuit, and circuit provides periodically variable direction to 3 and second coil 4 of first coil respectively Opposite electric current, so as to resonate to realize that permanent magnet 1 generates.Paramagnetics 5 is mounted in the hollow cavity surrounded in first coil 3, Paramagnetics 5 is mounted in the hollow cavity surrounded simultaneously in the second coil 4, is produced when 3 and second coil 4 of first coil is powered Magnetisation field, paramagnetics 5 are magnetized, and the paramagnetics 5 after magnetization enhances the magnetic induction intensity of 3 and second coil 4 of first coil, carries Attraction or repulsive force of the module to motion module occur for high kinetic energy, enhance the power of resonant motor.In 3 He of first coil When second 4 dead electricity of coil, the magnetic field of 3 and second coil 4 of first coil disappears, and paramagnetics 5 is also with first coil 3 and the The magnetic field of two coil 4 disappears and demagnetization immediately, and permeability magnetic material is not after being magnetized due to other permeability magnetic materials, after externally-applied magnetic field removal Can demagnetization immediately, it is more clever to the control of flapping wing aircraft as permeability magnetic material using paramagnetics 5 compared to more other permeability magnetic materials It is quick.
Preferred embodiment, permanent magnet 1 are at least one piece.The producer can be superimposed polylith permanent magnetism according to specific needs Body 1, the adjacent polarity of polylith permanent magnet 1 is opposite and forms an entirety, and it is strong that the permanent magnet 1 that polylith is superimposed increases magnetic field Degree improves the power of resonant motor.
Preferred embodiment is separately positioned on as shown in figure 3, module occurs for motion module and kinetic energy in shell 6, shell 6 It is preferred that but be not limited to cylindrical structure, shell 6 is preferred but is not limited to un-conducted magnetic material, and motion module is placed in shell 6 Portion, motion module move in shell 6, and the both ends that module is separately fixed at shell 6 occur for kinetic energy.The permanent magnet 1 of motion module Left and right ends be respectively equipped with sliding block 11,11 direction of sliding block is parallel with the direction of motion of motion module, is opened up on the inner wall of shell 6 There is the guide rail 62 to match with the sliding block of permanent magnet 1 11, guide rail 62 is equipped with ball 63, and permanent magnet 1 is by sliding block 11 in shell 6 Guide rail 62 in move back and forth.The guide rail 62 of shell 6 can be that permanent magnet 1 provides motion guide first, prevent permanent magnet 1 Occur overturning in shell 6 or rub, resonant motor is avoided to break down;Secondly guide rail 62 is equipped with ball 63 and can reduce forever Frictional force of the magnet 1 in shell 6, reduces the electric energy loss of flapping wing aircraft;Last shell 6, can be with using un-conducted magnetic material Reduce the magnetic losses of permanent magnet 1.
Preferred embodiment, as shown in figure 3, driven subassembly include connecting portion and driving section, connecting portion be with outside permanent magnet 1 The pipe sleeve that edge matches, connecting portion are set in the outer rim of permanent magnet 1, and driving section is fixed at the left and right ends of connecting portion. Driven subassembly drives the wing of flapping wing aircraft to swing the permanent magnet 1 of movement, so as to drive the wing of flapping wing aircraft.
Preferred embodiment, driven subassembly can also be a long straight-bar, the length direction of long straight-bar and 1 magnetic induction line of permanent magnet Direction is mutually perpendicular to.Long straight-bar both ends connect respectively with the wing of flapping wing aircraft, so as to drive the wing of flapping wing aircraft.
Preferred embodiment, as shown in Fig. 2, left and right ends offer the elongated hole 61 of driven subassembly movement on shell 6, it is long The length direction in shape hole 61 is parallel with the direction of motion of motion module, and the driving section of driven subassembly or long straight-bar drive flapping flight The wing of device moves back and forth in the length range of elongated hole 61.
Preferred embodiment, driven subassembly are un-conducted magnetic material, and the both ends of the elongated hole 61 of shell 6 are respectively equipped with damping Pad.Driven subassembly can reduce the magnetic losses of permanent magnet 1, the both ends difference of the elongated hole 61 of shell 6 using un-conducted magnetic material Equipped with beam, beam can be effectively prevent between driven subassembly and shell 6 because being collided caused by movement, therefore damping Pad can reduce vibrations and the noise of resonant motor, improve the flight service life of flapping wing aircraft.
Above-described specific embodiment, the purpose of this utility model, technical solution and advantageous effect have been carried out into One step is described in detail, it should be understood that the foregoing is merely specific embodiment of the present utility model, is not used to limit Determine the scope of protection of the utility model, within the spirit and principle of the utility model, any modification for being made equally is replaced It changes, improve, should be included within the scope of protection of this utility model.

Claims (10)

1. including motion module and kinetic energy module occurs for a kind of resonant motor for flapping wing aircraft, which is characterized in that described Motion module includes permanent magnet and driven subassembly, permanent-magnet synchronous is followed to move from a group moving part, and the kinetic energy occurs module and includes First coil and the second coil, first coil are located at the N poles side of permanent magnet, and the second coil is located at the S poles side of permanent magnet, First Line It encloses and permanent magnet space is equipped between the second coil and permanent magnet, the current direction of first coil and the second coil is opposite.
2. a kind of resonant motor for flapping wing aircraft according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the kinetic energy occurs Module further includes permeability magnetic material, and permeability magnetic material is mounted with respectively in the hollow cavity that first coil and the second winding wire surround.
A kind of 3. resonant motor for flapping wing aircraft according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the permeability magnetic material For paramagnetics.
4. a kind of resonant motor for flapping wing aircraft according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the permanent magnet is extremely It is one piece less.
5. according to a kind of resonant motor for flapping wing aircraft of claim 1-4 any one of them, which is characterized in that described Motion module and kinetic energy occur module and are separately mounted in shell, and the shell is un-conducted magnetic material, and motion module is movably placed in The both ends that module is respectively and fixedly installed to shell occur for the middle part of shell, kinetic energy.
6. a kind of resonant motor for flapping wing aircraft according to claim 5, which is characterized in that on the permanent magnet Equipped with sliding block, the sliding block direction is parallel with the direction of motion of motion module, is offered on the inner wall of the shell and permanent magnet The guide rail that matches of sliding block, the guide rail is equipped with ball, and permanent magnet is moved by sliding block on the guide rail of shell.
A kind of 7. resonant motor for flapping wing aircraft according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the driven subassembly Including connecting portion and driving section, the connecting portion is the pipe sleeve to match with permanent magnet outer rim, and connecting portion is set in permanent magnet In outer rim, driving section is fixed on connecting portion, and driving section is connect with exterior components.
A kind of 8. resonant motor for flapping wing aircraft according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the driven subassembly For a long straight-bar, length direction and the permanent magnet magnetic induction line direction of long straight-bar are mutually perpendicular to.
9. a kind of resonant motor for flapping wing aircraft according to claim 5, which is characterized in that opened on the shell Elongated hole equipped with driven subassembly movement, the length direction of elongated hole is parallel with the direction of motion of motion module, driven subassembly Driving section or long straight-bar are moved in the length range of elongated hole.
10. a kind of resonant motor for flapping wing aircraft according to claim 9, which is characterized in that described driven group Part is un-conducted magnetic material, and beam is fitted on the elongated hole of the shell.
CN201721714073.2U 2017-12-11 2017-12-11 A kind of resonant motor for flapping wing aircraft Expired - Fee Related CN207490730U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721714073.2U CN207490730U (en) 2017-12-11 2017-12-11 A kind of resonant motor for flapping wing aircraft

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721714073.2U CN207490730U (en) 2017-12-11 2017-12-11 A kind of resonant motor for flapping wing aircraft

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110165861A (en) * 2019-04-10 2019-08-23 蚁人(苏州)机械科技有限公司 Pulse excitation linear resonance driver

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110165861A (en) * 2019-04-10 2019-08-23 蚁人(苏州)机械科技有限公司 Pulse excitation linear resonance driver

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180612

Termination date: 20181211

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee