CN207471540U - Kitchen castoff and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system - Google Patents

Kitchen castoff and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207471540U
CN207471540U CN201721616185.4U CN201721616185U CN207471540U CN 207471540 U CN207471540 U CN 207471540U CN 201721616185 U CN201721616185 U CN 201721616185U CN 207471540 U CN207471540 U CN 207471540U
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China
Prior art keywords
kitchen castoff
coprocessing
filter
collecting tank
waste incineration
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CN201721616185.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许瑞林
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Lishui Wanan Environmental Protection Energy Co Ltd
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Lishui Wanan Environmental Protection Energy Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201721616185.4U priority Critical patent/CN207471540U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses kitchen castoffs and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system, it includes kitchen castoff collecting tank (1), and kitchen castoff collecting tank (1) is connected with scalping (2), pulverizer (5), desander (6) and biogas generating device (7) in turn through pipeline;Collecting methane tank (9) and centrifugal dehydrator (11) are connected on biogas generating device (7);Centrifugal dehydrator (11) is connected with waste incinerator (14) by conveyer belt (12), and filtrate collecting tank (15) is connected with by drainpipe (13);Filtrate collecting tank (15) is connected with draining pump (19), filter (18) and atomizer (20) in turn by pipeline.The utility model can not only improve garbage utilization rate, also have the advantages that treatment effeciency is high, cost is relatively low, easy to operate, service life of equipment is long, filtration efficiency is high and percolate treatment effeciency is high.

Description

Kitchen castoff and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of garbage reclamation processing system, particularly kitchen castoff is cooperateed with consumer waste incineration Processing system.
Background technology
At present, some common garbage reclamation processing systems, when handling kitchen garbage, it will usually recycle kitchen castoff In grease make chemical industry oil, and filled after carrying out sterilization processing to the surplus materials in kitchen castoff so that it is many Organic substance is wasted, and causes kitchen garbage utilization rate relatively low;When handling house refuse, its percolate can be carried out at biochemistry Reason, makes percolate reach wastewater discharge standard, such processing mode since biochemical action is slower, causes treatment effeciency relatively low;It needs When handling a large amount of percolates, larger biochemistry pool is needed, cost is higher;Processing of the bioanalysis to the impurity in percolate simultaneously Not exclusively so that percolate utilization rate is relatively low;And biochemical treatment percolate needs stringent control percolate temperature and PH, operation It is cumbersome.Therefore, there is garbage utilization rate is relatively low, treatment effeciency is relatively low, cost is higher and behaviour for existing garbage retrieving system Make the problem of cumbersome.
Utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of kitchen castoffs and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system.This Utility model can not only improve garbage utilization rate, also have the advantages that treatment effeciency is high, cost is relatively low and easy to operate.
The technical solution of the utility model:Kitchen castoff and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system, give up including kitchen Gurry collecting tank is connected with scalping on kitchen castoff collecting tank through pipeline;Thick slag pipe and discharge nozzle are connected in scalping, is discharged Pulverizer is connected on pipe;Desander is connected with by pipeline on pulverizer, biogas is connected with by pipeline on desander Device;Collecting methane tank is connected with by biogas pipe on biogas generating device, is connected on biogas generating device by residue pipe Centrifugal dehydrator;The bottom end of centrifugal dehydrator is provided with conveyer belt, and drainpipe is connected on centrifugal dehydrator;One end of conveyer belt Waste incinerator is provided with, one end of drainpipe is provided with filtrate collecting tank;The side of the waste incinerator is provided with diafiltration Device, percolating device top are provided with grab bucket, and percolating device is located above filtrate collecting tank;Connected on filtrate collecting tank by pipeline Filter is connected to, draining pump is connected on pipeline;Atomizer is connected with by pipeline on the filter, filter bottom connects It is connected to scum pipe.
Aforementioned kitchen castoff is helped with being set in consumer waste incineration coprocessing system, in the waste incinerator Device is fired, auxiliary combustion equipment is connect with collecting methane tank.
In aforementioned kitchen castoff and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system, between the filter and atomizer Pipeline on be connected with pressure regulator valve.
In aforementioned kitchen castoff and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system, the percolating device includes dehydration pond, The side side wall in dehydration pond is inclined to set, and the side of dehydration pond sloped sidewall is connected with continuous filter;It is set in the dehydration pond There are multiple Shaftless screw conveyors being distributed side by side, one end of each Shaftless screw conveyor is arranged at dehydration bottom of pond end, The other end of each Shaftless screw conveyor is arranged at the top of continuous filter;The bottom end of the dehydration pond and continuous filter is equipped with Filter opening.
Aforementioned kitchen castoff is in consumer waste incineration coprocessing system, pumping is provided with above the percolating device Wind turbine.
Aforementioned kitchen castoff in consumer waste incineration coprocessing system, the aperture of the filter opening for 50~ 80mm。
In aforementioned kitchen castoff and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system, the Shaftless screw conveyor and dehydration The sloped sidewall in pond is parallel.
In aforementioned kitchen castoff and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system, the atomizer is arranged on rubbish and burns It burns in stove, heat shield is socketed on the outside of atomizer.
Aforementioned kitchen castoff in the filtrate collecting tank in consumer waste incineration coprocessing system, being provided with Strainer, filter screen are arranged on the bottom end of filtrate collecting tank.
Compared with prior art, the utility model improves existing garbage reclamation processing system, by kitchen castoff and House refuse collaboration is handled, and by the way that kitchen castoff is gone out for producing biogas after decontamination and crushing, biogas can be used for rubbish The supply of incinerator fuel gas, has produced the waste water energy of biogas and the percolate of house refuse mixes to merge back into and is sprayed onto waste incineration In stove, reduce the treating capacity of waste water;Kitchen castoff, which has produced the residue after biogas and also can further burn, provides thermal energy, this makes The organic matter obtained in kitchen castoff is fully utilized;Burning will be directly used in after consumer waste infiltration, improves house refuse Treatment effeciency;It returns and is sprayed onto in waste incinerator after leachate purification processing, recycle the organic substance in percolate, improve life The utilization rate of rubbish living;The equipment for handling house refuse simultaneously is less, and cost is relatively low, and handles the equipment operation letter of house refuse It is single.In addition, the utility model helps incineration firing with auxiliary combustion equipment, incineration firing efficiency is improved;In atomizer outer sheath Heat shield is connected to, the heat radiation that atomizer is subject to is reduced, so as to improve the service life of atomizer;By percolating device point Into dehydration pond and continuous filter, and multiple inclined Shaftless screw conveyors are provided in dehydration pond, improve house refuse Filtration efficiency;Exhaust fan is provided with above percolating device, the foul smell generated during consumer waste infiltration can be removed, reduce ring Border is polluted, while foul smell is passed through waste incinerator, some fuel gas generated during consumer waste infiltration is utilized, further Improve the utilization rate of house refuse;The bottom end of filtrate collecting tank is provided with filter screen, preliminary mistake can be carried out to percolate Filter, further improves filter effect, accelerates percolate processing speed.Therefore, the utility model can not only improve rubbish Utilization rate, also with treatment effeciency is high, cost is relatively low, easy to operate, service life of equipment is long, filtration efficiency is high and percolate at Manage the advantages of efficient.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram of percolating device;
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram for being dehydrated pond.
Label in attached drawing for:1- kitchen castoff collecting tanks, 2- scalpings, the thick slag pipes of 3-, 4- discharge nozzles, 5- pulverizers, 6- desanders, 7- biogas generating devices, 8- biogas pipes, 9- collecting methane tanks, 10- residue pipes, 11- centrifugal dehydrators, 12- transmission Band, 13- drainpipes, 14- waste incinerators, 15- filtrate collecting tanks, 16- percolating devices, 17- grab buckets, 18- filters, 19- rows Water pump, 20- atomizers, 21- scum pipes, 22- auxiliary combustion equipments, 23- pressure regulator valves, 24- dehydrations pond, 25- continuous filters, 26- are shaftless Screw conveyor, 27- exhaust fans, 28- filter openings, 29- heat shields, 30- filter screens.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, but is not intended as to the utility model The foundation of limitation.
Embodiment.Kitchen castoff and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system, are formed as shown in Figures 1 to 3, including kitchen Waste gathering slot 1 is connected with scalping 2 on kitchen castoff collecting tank 1 through pipeline;Thick slag pipe 3 and discharging are connected in scalping 2 Pipe 4 is connected with pulverizer 5 on discharge nozzle 4;Desander 6 is connected with by pipeline on pulverizer 5, is connected on desander 6 by pipeline It is connected to biogas generating device 7;Collecting methane tank 9 is connected with by biogas pipe 8 on biogas generating device 7, on biogas generating device 7 Centrifugal dehydrator 11 is connected with by residue pipe 10;The bottom end of centrifugal dehydrator 11 is provided with conveyer belt 12, centrifugal dehydrator 11 On be connected with drainpipe 13;One end of conveyer belt 12 is provided with waste incinerator 14, and one end of drainpipe 13 is provided with filtrate receipts Collect slot 15;The side of the waste incinerator 14 is provided with percolating device 16, and 16 top of percolating device is provided with grab bucket 17, is percolated Device 16 is located at 15 top of filtrate collecting tank;Filter 18 is connected with by pipeline on filtrate collecting tank 15, is connected on pipeline Draining pump 19;Atomizer 20 is connected with by pipeline on the filter 18,18 bottom of filter is connected with scum pipe 21.
Auxiliary combustion equipment 22 is provided in the waste incinerator 14, auxiliary combustion equipment 22 is connect with collecting methane tank 9;The mistake Pressure regulator valve 23 is connected on pipeline between filter 18 and atomizer 20;The percolating device 16 includes dehydration pond 24, dehydration The side side wall in pond 24 is inclined to set, and the side of dehydration 24 sloped sidewall of pond is connected with continuous filter 25;In the dehydration pond 24 Multiple Shaftless screw conveyors 26 being distributed side by side are provided with, one end of each Shaftless screw conveyor 26 is arranged at dehydration pond 24 bottom ends, the other end of each Shaftless screw conveyor 26 are arranged at the top of continuous filter 25;It is described to be dehydrated pond 24 and ooze The bottom end in filter tank 25 is equipped with filter opening 28;16 top of percolating device is provided with exhaust fan 27;The aperture of the filter opening 28 is 50~80mm;The Shaftless screw conveyor 26 is parallel with the sloped sidewall for being dehydrated pond 24;The atomizer 20 is arranged on rubbish In rubbish incinerator 14, the outside of atomizer 20 is socketed with heat shield 29;Filter screen 30 is provided in the filtrate collecting tank 15, Filter screen 30 is arranged on the bottom end of filtrate collecting tank 15.
Operation principle:Kitchen castoff is poured into kitchen castoff collecting tank 1, the pipe of 1 bottom end of kitchen castoff collecting tank Kitchen castoff is transported in scalping 2 by road, and scalping 2 removes impurity larger in kitchen castoff, and impurity is out of thick slag pipe 3 Discharge, the kitchen castoff for filtering completion are transported to by discharge nozzle 4 in pulverizer 5;Pulverizer 5 will be in kitchen castoff The larger substance refinement such as bone, the kitchen castoff after refinement are transported to by pipeline in desander 6;Desander 6 will eat The small grains of sand in the waste of kitchen remove, and purified kitchen castoff is transported to by pipeline in biogas generating device 7;Kitchen For waste by microbial fermentation in biogas generating device 7, the biogas generated after fermentation is delivered to natural pond by biogas pipe 8 by compression In gas collecting tank 9, remaining waste liquid is transported to by residue pipe 10 in centrifugal dehydrator 11 after fermentation;Centrifugal dehydrator 11 is logical It crosses centrifugal force to remove moisture in waste liquid, the waste liquid of discharge is delivered to by drainpipe 13 in filtrate collecting tank 15, dewatered residual Slag is transmitted band 12 and is delivered in waste incinerator 14 so that kitchen castoff is fully utilized.
House refuse is poured into percolating device 16, house refuse falls into the bottom in dehydration pond 24 due to gravity, together When house refuse in waste liquid can from dehydration 24 bottom of pond filter opening 28 flow out;It is defeated that multiple shaftless screws are provided in dehydration pond 24 Machine 26 is sent, all Shaftless screw conveyors 26 arrange in a row and the sloped sidewall with being dehydrated pond 24 is parallel, each shaftless screw One end of conveyer 26 is arranged at dehydration 24 bottom end of pond, and the other end is arranged at the top of continuous filter 25 so that dehydration pond The rubbish of 24 bottoms is moved upwards with Shaftless screw conveyor 26, due to the agitation of Shaftless screw conveyor 26, in rubbish Waste liquid can accelerate the inclined lateral side along Shaftless screw conveyor 26 and dehydration pond 24 to flow downward, and final a large amount of waste liquid is from de- The filter opening 28 of 24 bottom of pond flows out;Rubbish is delivered to the top of continuous filter 25 by Shaftless screw conveyor 26, and fall into simultaneously The bottom of continuous filter 25, filter opening 28 of the remaining waste liquid under gravity from 25 bottom of continuous filter flows out in rubbish.
The percolate flowed out from 16 bottom of percolating device is collected by filtrate collecting tank 15, while the discharge of centrifugal dehydrator 11 Waste liquid is also collected by filtrate collecting tank 15;The draining pump 19 of 15 bottom of filtrate collecting tank connection extracts useless in filtrate collecting tank 15 Liquid, waste liquid are transported under the action of 19 draft of draining pump in filter 18, by 15 bottom of filtrate collecting tank when waste liquid is extracted out The filter screen 30 of setting filters;When waste liquid by filter 18 filtering after, be sent to atomizer 20 and be directed onto waste incineration In stove 14, according to the combustion case in waste incinerator 14, adjust pressure regulator valve 23 and spray waste liquid so as to change atomizer 20 Amount enables atomizer 20 to spray the organic substance in waste liquid by 14 completely burned of waste incinerator, reduces wastewater treatment capacity The utilization rate of rubbish is improved simultaneously.
It is percolated the house refuse completed and is grabbed in waste incinerator 14 by the grab bucket 17 of 16 top of percolating device and burnt, The residue discharged in centrifugal dehydrator 11 simultaneously is also transported in waste incinerator 14;Auxiliary combustion equipment in waste incinerator 14 22 can help rubbish to burn, and the biogas in collecting methane tank 9 can be also delivered in waste incinerator 14, promote the complete of rubbish Full burning.
When filter 18 filters waste liquid simultaneously, the impurity filtered out is discharged by scum pipe 21, and input diafiltration dress again In putting 16, the utilization rate of rubbish is improved;The heat shield 29 being socketed outside atomizer 20, can effectively reduce atomizer 20 by Heat radiation, extend the service life of atomizer 20;The exhaust fan 27 that 16 top of percolating device is set, can be by percolating device The foul smell that rubbish generates in 16 is taken away, and there is the gases such as the methane generated after rubbish fermentation in foul smell, and 27 energy of exhaust fan will be smelly Gas is collected, and for the conveying of air in waste incinerator 14, reduces the energy recycled while environmental pollution in rubbish Source substance.

Claims (9)

1. kitchen castoff and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system, it is characterised in that:Including kitchen castoff collecting tank (1), on kitchen castoff collecting tank (1) scalping (2) is connected with through pipeline;Thick slag pipe (3) and discharge nozzle are connected in scalping (2) (4), it is connected with pulverizer (5) on discharge nozzle (4);Desander (6) is connected with by pipeline on pulverizer (5), on desander (6) Biogas generating device (7) is connected with by pipeline;Collecting methane tank is connected with by biogas pipe (8) on biogas generating device (7) (9), centrifugal dehydrator (11) is connected with by residue pipe (10) on biogas generating device (7);The bottom end of centrifugal dehydrator (11) Conveyer belt (12) is provided with, drainpipe (13) is connected on centrifugal dehydrator (11);One end of conveyer belt (12) is provided with rubbish Incinerator (14), one end of drainpipe (13) are provided with filtrate collecting tank (15);The side setting of the waste incinerator (14) There is percolating device (16), be provided with grab bucket (17) above percolating device (16), percolating device (16) is positioned at filtrate collecting tank (15) Top;Filter (18) is connected with by pipeline on filtrate collecting tank (15), draining pump (19) is connected on pipeline;The filtering Atomizer (20) is connected with by pipeline on device (18), filter (18) bottom is connected with scum pipe (21).
2. according to kitchen castoff described in claim 1 and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system, it is characterised in that:The rubbish Auxiliary combustion equipment (22) is provided in rubbish incinerator (14), auxiliary combustion equipment (22) is connect with collecting methane tank (9).
3. according to kitchen castoff described in claim 1 and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system, it is characterised in that:The mistake Pressure regulator valve (23) is connected on pipeline between filter (18) and atomizer (20).
4. kitchen castoff according to claim 1 and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system, it is characterised in that:It is described Including being dehydrated pond (24), the side side wall of dehydration pond (24) is inclined to set percolating device (16), is dehydrated pond (24) sloped sidewall Side be connected with continuous filter (25);Multiple Shaftless screw conveyors being distributed side by side are provided in dehydration pond (24) (26), one end of each Shaftless screw conveyor (26) is arranged at dehydration pond (24) bottom end, each Shaftless screw conveyor (26) the other end is arranged at the top of continuous filter (25);The bottom end of dehydration pond (24) and continuous filter (25) is equipped with filter Hole (28).
5. kitchen castoff according to claim 1 and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system, it is characterised in that:It is described Exhaust fan (27) is provided with above percolating device (16).
6. kitchen castoff according to claim 4 and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system, it is characterised in that:It is described The aperture of filter opening (28) is 50~80mm.
7. kitchen castoff according to claim 4 and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system, it is characterised in that:It is described Shaftless screw conveyor (26) is parallel with the sloped sidewall for being dehydrated pond (24).
8. kitchen castoff according to claim 1 and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system, it is characterised in that:It is described Atomizer (20) is arranged in waste incinerator (14), and heat shield (29) is socketed on the outside of atomizer (20).
9. the kitchen castoff according to any claim in claim 1 to 8 cooperates with processing system with consumer waste incineration System, it is characterised in that:Filter screen (30) is provided in the filtrate collecting tank (15), filter screen (30) is arranged on filtrate collecting tank (15) bottom end.
CN201721616185.4U 2017-11-28 2017-11-28 Kitchen castoff and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system Active CN207471540U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721616185.4U CN207471540U (en) 2017-11-28 2017-11-28 Kitchen castoff and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721616185.4U CN207471540U (en) 2017-11-28 2017-11-28 Kitchen castoff and consumer waste incineration coprocessing system

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110319446A (en) * 2019-06-20 2019-10-11 安徽蓝鼎环保能源科技有限公司 A kind of landfill leachate collection drainage device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110319446A (en) * 2019-06-20 2019-10-11 安徽蓝鼎环保能源科技有限公司 A kind of landfill leachate collection drainage device

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