CN207460848U - A kind of fruit and vegetable picking clamper - Google Patents

A kind of fruit and vegetable picking clamper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207460848U
CN207460848U CN201721602133.1U CN201721602133U CN207460848U CN 207460848 U CN207460848 U CN 207460848U CN 201721602133 U CN201721602133 U CN 201721602133U CN 207460848 U CN207460848 U CN 207460848U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
clamp
gear
picking
clamper
fruit
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201721602133.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐伟
张家园
赵嘉彬
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xian University of Science and Technology
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Xian University of Science and Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xian University of Science and Technology filed Critical Xian University of Science and Technology
Priority to CN201721602133.1U priority Critical patent/CN207460848U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN207460848U publication Critical patent/CN207460848U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of fruit and vegetable picking clamper, including clamping device, transmission device, driving motor and supporting rack;Clamping device includes two clamps being oppositely arranged and is mounted on the sucker on clamp by spring;Supporting rack includes shell and fixed stent inside the housing;Transmission device includes crank gear, and the both sides of crank gear are respectively arranged with pin, and guide rail is installed on the shell, and pin is connected by connecting rod with the sliding block being slidably mounted on guide rail, and pin is hinged with connecting rod, and connecting rod is hinged with sliding block, and clamp is fixedly mounted on sliding block.The utility model sets clamping device; picking object is clamped by two opposite clamps; sucker is set on clamp; increase the contact area to picking object; the damaged probability of picking object is effectively reduced, supporting rack is set, shell can effectively form internal structure and protect; transmission device is set, by the movement for being converted into clamp of the driving motor.

Description

A kind of fruit and vegetable picking clamper
Technical field
The utility model belongs to fruits picking mechanical technical field more particularly to a kind of fruit and vegetable picking clamper.
Background technology
China is a fruits and vegetables production and consumption big country, and the portion delivered according to United States Department of Agriculture is about deciduous fruit tree fruit Report show that Chinese apple and pear and other fruits are had outstanding performance, ascendant trend is presented in yield and export volume, and 2015 are extremely 2016 produce season per year, and global apple production reaches 76,900,000 tons, wherein, Chinese increase of production is particularly evident, about increases over the same period last year Add 2,100,000 tons, reach 43,000,000 tons, these have benefited from the good climatic environment of China and the fertile soil suitable for crop growth Earth.Data above shows that apple is one of principal item of China's Production of fruit.
Although China is fruits and vegetables production and consumption big country, but for developed country, China is in auxiliary picking machine It starts late in terms of tool, with development in science and technology, the Agricultural Mechanization Degree in China also constantly increases, fruits and vegetables auxiliary picking mechanical Development also becomes a focus research object.The picking of fruits and vegetables and harvest are a mistakes especially taken time and effort in fruits and vegetables production line Journey.For the apple-picking of northern area large area plantation, the entire time in picking season is shorter, belongs to labour intensive Type operation, fruit surface are easily damaged when being pressurized, rub and collide, and great inconvenience is brought for picking work.It is existing The picking method overwhelming majority is artificial picking, inefficiency.
Utility model content
The technical problem to be solved by the utility model is to the deficiencies in for the above-mentioned prior art, provide a kind of fruits and vegetables Clamper is picked, clamping device is set, picking object is clamped by two opposite clamps, sets and inhales on clamp Disk increases the contact area to picking object, effectively reduces the damaged probability of picking object, sets supporting rack, and shell can have Effect forms internal structure and protects, and transmission device is set, by the movement for being converted into clamp of the driving motor.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:A kind of fruit and vegetable picking clamper, it is special Sign is:Including clamping device, transmission device, driving motor and supporting rack;
The clamping device includes two clamps being oppositely arranged, and multiple suckers, the sucker are provided on the clamp It is mounted on the clamp by spring;
Support frame as described above includes being arranged on the shell and fixed stent inside the housing outside the transmission device;
The transmission device includes crank gear, and the output shaft drive connection of the crank gear and driving motor is described Driving motor is fixed on the bracket, and the both sides of the crank gear are respectively arranged with pin, and the guide rail is mounted on described On shell, the pin is connected by connecting rod with the sliding block being slidably mounted on the guide rail, and the pin is hinged with connecting rod, institute It states connecting rod to be hinged with sliding block, the clamp is fixedly mounted on the sliding block.
A kind of above-mentioned fruit and vegetable picking clamper, it is characterised in that:Two pins are about in the gear of crank gear The heart is symmetrical arranged.
A kind of above-mentioned fruit and vegetable picking clamper, it is characterised in that:The connecting rod is spring lever.
A kind of above-mentioned fruit and vegetable picking clamper, it is characterised in that:It is provided between the crank gear and driving motor Deceleration mechanism, the deceleration mechanism include reduction gearing, and the reduction gearing is meshed with the crank gear, the reducing gear Wheel is coaxial with the transmission gear, and the transmission gear is meshed with roller gear, and the roller gear is fixedly mounted on described On the output shaft of driving motor, the reduction gearing diameter is less than the crank gear diameter.
A kind of above-mentioned fruit and vegetable picking clamper, it is characterised in that:The clamp is fixed on by curved bar on the sliding block.
A kind of above-mentioned fruit and vegetable picking clamper, it is characterised in that:The clamp is frame-shaped construction.
A kind of above-mentioned fruit and vegetable picking clamper, it is characterised in that:The sucker is rubber suction cups.
The utility model has the following advantages compared with prior art:
1st, the utility model clamps picking object by two opposite clamps by setting clamping device, Sucker on clamp is set, increases the contact area to picking object, effectively reduces the damaged probability of picking object.
2nd, by setting supporting rack, shell can effectively form internal structure and protect the utility model.
3rd, the utility model is by setting transmission device, by the movement for being converted into clamp of the driving motor.
In conclusion the utility model sets clamping device, picking object is clamped by two opposite clamps, Sucker on clamp is set, increases the contact area to picking object, effectively reduces the damaged probability of picking object, setting support Frame, shell can effectively form internal structure and protect, set transmission device, the rotation of the driving motor is converted into clamp Movement.
Below by drawings and examples, the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 2 removes the structure diagram after shell for Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram of the utility model transmission device.
Reference sign:
1-clamping device;1-1-clamp;1-2-sucker;
1-3-spring;2-driving motor;3-transmission gear;
4-roller gear;5-shell;6-crank gear;
7-pin;8-connecting rod;9-sliding block;
10-guide rail;11-stent;12-reduction gearing.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, the utility model includes clamping device 1, transmission device, driving motor 2 and supporting rack;
The clamping device 1 includes being provided with multiple sucker 1- on two the clamp 1-1, the clamp 1-1 being oppositely arranged 2, the sucker 1-2 are mounted on by spring 1-3 on the clamp 1-1;
Support frame as described above includes the shell 5 being arranged on outside the transmission device and the stent 11 being fixed on inside shell 5;
The transmission device includes crank gear 6, and the output shaft of the crank gear 6 and driving motor 2 is sequentially connected, institute It states driving motor to be fixed on the stent 11, the both sides of the crank gear 6 are respectively arranged with pin 7, and the guide rail 10 is pacified On the shell 5, the pin 7 is connected by connecting rod 8 with the sliding block 9 being slidably mounted on the guide rail 10, the pin Column 7 is hinged with connecting rod 8, and the connecting rod 8 is hinged with sliding block 9, and the clamp 1 is fixedly mounted on the sliding block 9.
In the present embodiment, the clamp 1-1 being oppositely arranged can clamp picking object by translational motion, move Make easy to be simple in structure and be easily achieved, it is also convenient for maintenance.The sucker 1-2 is installed in the closure frame by spring 1-3 On body, clamping range can be not only effectively increased by being closed framework, so as to increase the stability of clamping, and reduce the clamp The quality of 1-1 makes the more convenient and quick of clamp 1-1 action, while also mitigates the negative of driving motor 2 and transmission device It carries.
In the present embodiment, support frame as described above is mainly used for supporting the clamping device 1, transmission device and driving motor 2, institute It states clamping device 1, transmission device and driving motor 2 to be installed on the stent 11, the transmission device is arranged on described outer The inside of shell 5, can effectively prevent in use other sundries such as branch leaf transmission device is interfered or stuck Phenomenon is effectively protected transmission device formation, is also prevented from clamper transmission operation after unlatching and hinders People hurts other picking objects, and shell 5 makes the holder structure compacter.
The effect of the transmission device is:The power of the driving motor 2 is passed to the clamp 1-1, and to carry out clamping dynamic Make, the clamp 1-1 being oppositely arranged described in two will realize that relative motion needs two slider-crank mechanisms, and two slide cranks The crank of block is set as that length is identical, and rotating speed is identical, and position differs half-turn always, it should be noted that the realization method of crank has It is a variety of, can be connecting rod, or pin is set on gear, and the present embodiment uses and pin 7 is fixed on crank gear 6 Mode merges into a single whole two cranks, and the crank gear 6, pin 7, connecting rod 8, sliding block 9 and guide rail 10 are collectively formed One slider-crank mechanism, the fixed position of two pins 7 and the angle of 6 spindle central of crank gear are 180 degree, are realized Pinching action, the clamp 1-1 are mounted on the sliding block 9, and the sliding block 9 is slidably mounted on the guide rail 10, described to lead Rail 10 is fixed on the shell 5, and the sliding block 9 is connect by connecting rod 8 with pin 7.
In the present embodiment, two pins 7 are symmetrical arranged about the gear centre of crank gear 6.
Two pins 7 are symmetrical arranged about the gear centre of crank gear 6, i.e. two pins 7 respectively with crank tooth The angle for taking turns the line of centres is 180 °, and in crank gear rotation process, the crank that the pin 7 of both sides represents respectively remains 180 ° of angle can ensure the direction of motion of sliding block 9 that two cranks are driven always on the contrary, when two clamps in this way When 1-1 carries out holding action, two clamp 1-1 are moved toward each other, when two clamp 1-1 carry out release action When, two clamp 1-1 are moved away from each other.
In the present embodiment, the connecting rod 8 is spring lever.
The connecting rod 8 is spring lever, and the spring lever has elasticity in pole length direction, in this way in specifically used process In, impacts of the clamp 1-1 to picking object can be effectively buffered, can largely reduce the probability of injury picking object.
In the present embodiment, deceleration mechanism, deceleration mechanism packet are provided between the crank gear 6 and driving motor 2 Reduction gearing 12 is included, the reduction gearing 12 is meshed with the crank gear 6, the reduction gearing 12 and the transmission gear 3 is coaxial, and the transmission gear 3 is meshed with roller gear 4, and the roller gear 4 is fixedly mounted on the defeated of the driving motor 2 On shaft, 12 diameter of reduction gearing is less than 6 diameter of crank gear.
The reduction assemblies are used for the slow-speed of revolution that the high rotating speed of driving motor 2 is reduced to the clamp 1-1 and is adapted to, Since clamping device transmission mechanism is driven by driving motor 2, the reduction gearing 12 and the transmission gear 3 are coaxial, the biography Moving gear 3 is meshed with roller gear 4, and the roller gear 4 is fixedly mounted on the output shaft of the driving motor 2, described The diameter of reduction gearing 12 is less than the crank gear 6, and reduction gearing 12 is slowed down by directly being engaged with crank gear 6 to realize Purpose, compact-sized simple, transmission is easy.
In the present embodiment, the clamp 1-1 is fixed on by curved bar on the sliding block 9.
The shape of the curved bar is determined according to the clamp 1-1 directions of motion and the direction of motion of sliding block 9, need to ensure clamp 1-1 The direction of motion is identical with the direction of motion of sliding block 9, and the effect of curved bar is to vacate certain space for picking object, facilitates the folder Body 1-1 works.
In the present embodiment, the clamp 1-1 is frame-shaped construction.
The present embodiment to the gripping of picking object and is loosened by the close and separation realization to two clamp 1-1, due to Clamp 1-1 shapes can not agree with without the shape of all picking objects, be easy to cause the damage to picking object, therefore the folder Body 1-1 can be arc panel, which is internally provided with elastic material, and the clamp 1-1 may be to have certain elasticity Elastic plate, can generate certain deformation because of shape and the size difference of picking object to increase contact surface in clamping process Product reduces the possibility that picking object is pinched, and the present embodiment uses frame clevis body, and the clamp 1-1 is plurality of rods composition It is closed framework.
In the present embodiment, the sucker 1-2 is rubber suction cups.
The sucker 1-2 can be silicon rubber suction cup or plastic suckers, use rubber suction cups in the present embodiment, rubber suction cups is normal See and be easily obtained, and suction is powerful, the operation is stable, economy height.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model, not the utility model imposed any restrictions, every Any simple modification, change and the equivalent structure made according to the utility model technical spirit to above example change, still Belong in the protection domain of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of fruit and vegetable picking clamper, it is characterised in that:Including clamping device (1), transmission device, driving motor (2) and branch Support;
The clamping device (1) includes two clamps being oppositely arranged (1-1), and multiple suckers are provided on the clamp (1-1) (1-2), the sucker (1-2) is by spring (1-3) on the clamp (1-1);
Support frame as described above includes being arranged on the shell (5) outside the transmission device and is fixed on the internal stent of shell (5) (11);
The transmission device includes crank gear (6), and the crank gear (6) and the output shaft of driving motor (2) are sequentially connected, The driving motor (2) is fixed on the stent (11), and the both sides of the crank gear (6) are provided with pin (7), guide rail (10) on the shell (5), the pin (7) passes through connecting rod (8) and the cunning being slidably mounted on the guide rail (10) Block (9) is connected, and the pin (7) is hinged with connecting rod (8), and the connecting rod (8) is hinged with sliding block (9), and the clamp (1-1) is fixed On the sliding block (9).
2. a kind of fruit and vegetable picking clamper described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that:Two pins (7) are about song The gear centre of handle gear (6) is symmetrical arranged.
3. a kind of fruit and vegetable picking clamper described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that:The connecting rod (8) is spring lever.
4. a kind of fruit and vegetable picking clamper described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that:The crank gear (6) and driving Be provided with deceleration mechanism between motor (2), the deceleration mechanism includes reduction gearing (12), the reduction gearing (12) with it is described Crank gear (6) is meshed, the reduction gearing (12) and the transmission gear (3) coaxially, the transmission gear (3) and cylinder Gear (4) is meshed, and the roller gear (4) is fixedly mounted on the output shaft of the driving motor (2), the reduction gearing (12) diameter is less than the crank gear (6) diameter.
5. a kind of fruit and vegetable picking clamper described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that:The clamp (1-1) passes through curved bar It is fixed on the sliding block (9).
6. a kind of fruit and vegetable picking clamper described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that:The clamp (1-1) is frame shape knot Structure.
7. a kind of fruit and vegetable picking clamper described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that:The sucker (1-2) is inhaled for rubber Disk.
CN201721602133.1U 2017-11-24 2017-11-24 A kind of fruit and vegetable picking clamper Expired - Fee Related CN207460848U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721602133.1U CN207460848U (en) 2017-11-24 2017-11-24 A kind of fruit and vegetable picking clamper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721602133.1U CN207460848U (en) 2017-11-24 2017-11-24 A kind of fruit and vegetable picking clamper

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207460848U true CN207460848U (en) 2018-06-08

Family

ID=62259750

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201721602133.1U Expired - Fee Related CN207460848U (en) 2017-11-24 2017-11-24 A kind of fruit and vegetable picking clamper

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN207460848U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108738665A (en) * 2018-06-11 2018-11-06 长春理工大学 Frictional pineapple picker

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108738665A (en) * 2018-06-11 2018-11-06 长春理工大学 Frictional pineapple picker

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180608

Termination date: 20181124