CN207450181U - A kind of water resistant stream ecological floating island substrate - Google Patents

A kind of water resistant stream ecological floating island substrate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207450181U
CN207450181U CN201721027247.8U CN201721027247U CN207450181U CN 207450181 U CN207450181 U CN 207450181U CN 201721027247 U CN201721027247 U CN 201721027247U CN 207450181 U CN207450181 U CN 207450181U
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pipe
chinampa
fixed
buoyancy
screw socket
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CN201721027247.8U
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蒋正海
提高兰
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JINHUA KEHAI TESTING Co Ltd
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JINHUA KEHAI TESTING Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model is related to environmental reconstruction building fields, particularly a kind of water resistant stream ecological floating island substrate.A kind of water resistant stream ecological floating island substrate, including fixed concrete stake, chinampa pipe, the fixed concrete stake includes cement shell skin, outer rack, interior cement layer, buoyancy baton round, the outer rack is reinforced concrete rack, it forms square after-pouring cement and is wrapped to form cement shell skin, dissipated in the interior cement layer that cement shell skin is formed and several buoyancy baton rounds are set;The chinampa pipe includes straight cutting pipe and tip pipe, and interface thread and the pipe for sealing mesh sheet screw socket tube head connect screw socket bolt, and pipe connects screw socket has setting at the both ends of sealing mesh sheet screw socket pipe;The chinampa is managed and fixed concrete stake is vertically arranged, and several fixed ring buckles are set on fixed concrete stake, and chinampa pipe and fixed concrete stake have been directly bound nylon rope tied rope, and nylon rope tied rope is bundled in both bindings in fixed ring buckle;In the straight cutting pipe and tip pipe ball is planted filled with buoyancy.

Description

A kind of water resistant stream ecological floating island substrate
Technical field
The utility model is related to environmental reconstruction building fields, particularly a kind of water resistant stream ecological floating island substrate.
Background technology
In recent years, the waters of the hydropexis of Haihe River Chuan Hu etc. or the few relative closure of amount of flow, sewage, agricultural and herding The influence for being related to many mankind's activities of the inflows such as industry, industrial wastewater, the fertilizer component of the compounds such as nitrogen and phosphorus in water The phenomenon that concentration rises, water eutrophication becomes to deteriorate.Water environment eutrophication changes the ecologic structure of aquatic organism, battalion of Shuifu County Fosterization is changed with for usual diversity of organism, and it is extreme in the case of, also generate the second set phenomenons such as red tide and green grass or young crops tide, because This water eutrophication is environmental hazard.
The water of eutrophication is full of fertilizer component and nutritive salt enriches existing waters, light of the solar radiation near the water surface Cooperation is with lower so that specific planktonic organism breeds rapidly.In addition, the animal of predacious plant planktonic organism can also increase extremely, Vegetalitas and the multiplication of animality planktonic organism are the reason for red tide, green tide largely occur.Photosynthesis stop night, Since the consumption of the oxygen of biology breathing increases, water causes former plankton community Shen of dying to drop the bottom, oxygen as anaerobic condition Change the progress of decomposing organic matter, dissolved oxygen content drastically declines, and oxygen deprivation water body is formed.Thermocline more oxygen deprivation water body is maintained, and is had The reason for gluey sludgd deposition is the advantage stench of anaerobe has been stagnated in the decomposition of machine object.In addition, water flowing rate underground makes It obtains fish and shellfish class and generates anoxic.
Therefore, in recent years, artificial floating island is used in lake and carries out animals and plants culture on it, with building for artificial floating island Increase is built, while the animals and plants that artificial floating island is cultivated are developed on a large scale, the existence of animals and plants updates so that Water warfare is promoted.And And we specific can be cultivated in chinampa bud by Zhi Wu , algae, algae, the Shen water landscape plant such as lotus flower, water lily also beautifies The floatingleaved plants such as plant or floating heart that draw water of environment, reed and wild rice stem etc., the activity of these plants, purification of water quality generate good Effect, and can guarantee that more organisms in water inhabit.The absorption of nitrogen and phosphorus in the water for the animals and plants that artificial floating island is inhabited, Microorganism decomposition organic matter that plant adheres in body surface etc., soil lake mud surface obtain denitrification, the Shen of suspension substance It drops and that floats again prevents, purification of water quality, reduce the concentration of nitrogen or phosphorus, reduce main eutrophication, cyanobacteria and inhibit fresh water Red tide.
Utility model content
The utility model is for a kind of water resistant stream ecological floating island substrate of utility model, it is resistant to current, in high flow rate Place also can normally be built, and energy stable for extended periods of time, can be particularly mounted on the water outlet of very brief current, can not only be played The effect of interception pollutant decompose the organic matter of these interceptions into plant culture nuclear energy reduces nitrogen after can also intercepting pollutant Or the concentration of phosphorus, it reduces main eutrophication, cyanobacteria and inhibits fresh water red tide.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:A kind of water resistant stream ecological floating island substrate, including fixed water Mud stake, chinampa pipe, the fixed concrete stake include cement shell skin, outer rack, interior cement layer, buoyancy baton round, the outer net Frame is reinforced concrete rack, forms square after-pouring cement and is wrapped to form cement shell skin, the interior cement that cement shell skin is formed It is dissipated in layer and several buoyancy baton rounds is set;The chinampa pipe includes straight cutting pipe and tip pipe, and the straight cutting tube head tail sets close Block piece screw socket pipe, sealing mesh sheet screw socket tube head end are spirally connected tip pipe, and tip pipe is into triangular pyramidal or cone shape tip pipe It is hollow, and wide opening portion sets interface thread, the pipe of interface thread and sealing mesh sheet screw socket tube head connects screw socket bolt, and pipe connects spiral shell Mouth has setting at the both ends of sealing mesh sheet screw socket pipe;The chinampa pipe and fixed concrete stake are vertically arranged, on fixed concrete stake Several fixed ring buckles are set, and chinampa pipe and fixed concrete stake have been directly bound nylon rope tied rope, and nylon rope tied rope is bundled in fixation Both bound on latch closure;In the straight cutting pipe and tip pipe ball is planted filled with buoyancy.
As the preferably described upper and lower composition chinampa pipe group that is mutually spirally connected of several sections of chinampa pipe, the lower rank chinampa of chinampa pipe group Pipe top, which is spirally connected, is inserted into the tip pipe of upper rank chinampa pipe, and chinampa pipe is determined to be plugged with transverse direction on the net in the extension that nylon rope tied rope is formed Chinampa pipe group laterally and the platform in centre that forms of vertically arranged chinampa pipe group, surrounds around platform and sets fixed water Mud stake sets planting tray on platform, and the planting tray is the adjustable planting tray of buoyancy, and the adjustable planting tray of buoyancy includes plantation Platform, guard and plantation basket, plantation platform top are provided with guard, and bottom is provided with buoyant spheres, and plantation basket is placed in the net on plantation platform In cover, four corners for planting platform are equipped with fixed sleeving, and for steel pipe socket on fixed sleeving, steel pipe top is equipped with fixed rope, plantation Platform is fixed on by fixed rope in the chinampa pipe group laterally or vertically set.
As preferably described horizontal chinampa pipe group, at least 0.5 ~ 1 meter of spacing is mutually set.
Adjustable fixed pulley is housed as the preferred fixed ring buckle.Nylon rope tied rope is sheathed on adjustable fixed pulley, For tightening positioning rope, using movable rope, ensure that ecological floating island has certain scope of activities, be adapted to the variation of water level, it is living Running rope one end is fixed on positioning rope, and one end on the corner for hanging over buoyant device frame, facilitates solid equipped with closeable hook The maintenance management on formula multifunctional ecological chinampa.
It is square or cylindrical as the preferred fixed concrete stake, length is 1 meter.
The preferred buoyancy substrate is provided with water aspirator, spray head is set at the top of water aspirator.
Compared with background technology, what is had has the advantages that the utility model:It is high to resist flow intensity, makes composition side Just, the direction of tip pipe is bottom and horizontal four sides respectively, water and water proof can be divided when such current come, it is than common The block shape ecological floating island directly formed can divide the function of water much bigger, and gap is more, will not be whole when water slug comes Impact this ecological floating island;Comparison suggests laterally binding and vertical binding, and cement fixed structure is very simple, I Only need after manufacturing, transport directly to installation point, be directly placed into the water surface, one is fixed into according to fixed distance and shape Then frame is placed into horizontal and vertical chinampa pipe in frame, planting tray can upgrade, particularly under dry season in summer energy Drop also can adjoined water surface, winter when can leave the water surface, prevent frostbite, also extend this chinampa structure in extremely frigid zones should With.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 chinampas underlying structure figure;
Fig. 2 tip pipe connected structure figures;
Fig. 3 overall structure figures.
Specific embodiment
Below by embodiment, with reference to attached drawing, the technical solutions of the present invention will be further described:
Embodiment, as shown in Figs. 1-2, a kind of water resistant stream ecological floating island substrate, including fixed concrete stake 1, chinampa pipe 2, institute Stating fixed concrete stake includes cement shell skin 3, outer rack 4, interior cement layer 5, buoyancy baton round 6, and the outer rack is reinforcing bar water Mud rack 7 forms square after-pouring cement and is wrapped to form cement shell skin, dissipates and set in the interior cement layer that cement shell skin is formed Put several buoyancy baton rounds;The chinampa pipe includes straight cutting pipe 8 and tip pipe 9, and the straight cutting tube head tail sets sealing mesh sheet spiral shell Mouthful pipe 10, sealing mesh sheet screw socket tube head end are spirally connected tip pipe, tip pipe into hollow in triangular pyramidal or cone shape tip pipe, and The wide opening portion 11 of tip pipe sets interface thread 12, and the pipe of interface thread and sealing mesh sheet screw socket tube head connects 13 phase spiral shell of screw socket It connects, pipe connects screw socket has setting at the both ends of sealing mesh sheet screw socket pipe;The chinampa pipe and fixed concrete stake are vertically arranged, fixed Several fixed ring buckles 14 are set on concrete stake, and chinampa pipe and fixed concrete stake have been directly bound nylon rope tied rope 15, and nylon rope is tied up Rope, which is bundled in fixed ring buckle, binds the two;
In the straight cutting pipe and tip pipe ball 16 is planted filled with buoyancy.
The ecological floating island that water resistant stream ecological floating island substrate is formed, including planting tray 17, buoyancy substrate 18, controller group 19, Several planting trays and controller group are set in buoyancy substrate, and the buoyancy substrate includes fixed concrete stake, chinampa pipe, the two composition Circular or triangle or square, the fixed concrete stake include cement shell skin, outer rack, interior cement layer, buoyancy baton round, institute Outer rack is stated as reinforced concrete rack, square after-pouring cement is formed and is wrapped to form cement shell skin, what cement shell skin was formed It is dissipated in interior cement layer and several buoyancy baton rounds is set;The chinampa pipe includes straight cutting pipe and tip pipe, straight cutting tube head grafting Tip pipe, pipe several sections in chinampa are mutually spirally connected above and below forms chinampa pipe group 20, and 21 top of lower rank chinampa pipe of chinampa pipe group is spirally connected The tip pipe of rank chinampa pipe 22 in insertion, and the extension that chinampa pipe is formed in nylon rope tied rope is determined to be plugged with horizontal chinampa pipe on net 23 Group 24 laterally and the platform in centre that forms of vertically arranged chinampa pipe group, surrounds around platform and sets fixed concrete stake, Planting tray 25 is set on platform, and the planting tray is the adjustable planting tray 26 of buoyancy, and the adjustable planting tray of buoyancy includes plantation platform 27th, guard 28 and plantation basket 29, plantation platform top are provided with guard, and bottom is provided with buoyant spheres, and plantation basket is placed on plantation platform Guard in, plant platform four corners be equipped with fixed sleeving 30, steel pipe socket on fixed sleeving, steel pipe top be equipped with fix Rope, plantation platform are fixed on by fixed rope in the chinampa pipe group laterally or vertically set.
As preferably described horizontal chinampa pipe group, at least 0.5 ~ 1 meter of spacing is mutually set.
Adjustable fixed pulley is housed as the preferred fixed ring buckle.Nylon rope tied rope is sheathed on adjustable fixed pulley, For tightening positioning rope, using movable rope, ensure that ecological floating island has certain scope of activities, be adapted to the variation of water level, it is living Running rope one end is fixed on positioning rope, and one end on the corner for hanging over buoyant device frame, facilitates solid equipped with closeable hook The maintenance management on formula multifunctional ecological chinampa.
It is square or cylindrical as the preferred fixed concrete stake, length is 1 meter.
The preferred buoyancy substrate is provided with water aspirator, spray head is set at the top of water aspirator.
Planting aquatic plants in Plant basket, including emergent aquactic plant and fluitante.There is no be connected in Plant basket with planting tray Together, but it can load onto and remove, this has just subtracted the difficulty and trouble that water plant is planted directly in planting tray, but By land, using cultivation technique without soil, with the water of target water body, first by water plant kind in Plant basket, on bed is cultivated It cultivates, after it is survived, then moves in waterborne, Plant basket of ining succession is put into together in water surface planting disk.Water plant kind is floating in ecology It on island, is frequently used as purifying water, treats that it grows up withered, it is necessary to remove, it need to only be removed together with planting tray at this time, The difficulty of harvesting is greatly reduced, by land removes Plant basket, withered plant is dealt carefully with, and Plant basket recycling, the coming year is again With.Emergent aquactic plant and part terrestrial plant can be planted in Water cultivating disk, the bottom of Water cultivating disk is there are one aperture, for arranging Water, the root being also used for as plant provide moisture, and the top half of Water cultivating disk is larger, can plant many plants, the first half Divide and be connected between water surface planting disk with support tube, absorbent material is loaded in support tube, for being provided for the plant in planting tray Moisture, support tube are also used for support planting tray, increase its capacity of anti-storm.
The each lattice laterally set can just fix a planting tray, fixed, can dismantled with lock, that is to say, that One buoyant device can fix multiple planting trays.Buoyant device frame is divided into many closed segments, and one section is destroyed water inlet, no As for making entire buoyant device loss of function.According to the three-dimensional multifunctional ecological chinampa total weight of measuring and calculating, calculate required Buoyancy, the utility model provide buoyancy using simple floatoblast, and according to actual conditions, letter is fixed in four sides of octahedra frame Easy floatoblast, is fixed with nylon cable tie, can be dismantled, and the buoyancy of simple floatoblast can at any time be adjusted according to the variation of load-carrying.It is simple floating Capsule is the semi-cylindrical net for first doing one hole of open at one end, claims simple floatoblast basket, material using it is corrosion-resistant, have intensity PVC equally using Shooting Technique, fills out discarded mineral water bottle in net, and bottle will seal, and can also load some other hollow Closed object, this floatoblast are not easy to be destroyed;
The horizontal and vertically arranged spaced setting of chinampa pipe group can form square setting interval box at top, at this Planting tray is placed in a little frames, the bottom of planting tray is exactly water, it is possible to aquatic glove is directly planted, due to being the plantation of buoyancy Disk, thus planting tray can set it is deep, he can with the height of dampening float carry out raising and lowering, can so keep water Plant can maintain the state of water always, can also be safeguarded well in the dry season;Nylon rope is corrosion-resistant, is not easy to stretch , two rows are mutually parallel, and can just form the extension and determine net, and it is also there is provided a distance to hang fixed net, is usually matched somebody with somebody It closes between horizontal chinampa pipe group apart, such as 0.5 ~ 1 meter of distance.And buoyancy width degree adds the length of a movable rope again In addition anti-tampering distance, anti-tampering distance is to prevent buoyant device from mutually being disturbed with positioning rope.Movable rope is also nylon rope, for even Connect buoyant device and positioning rope.The height of spud pile is the height of flood level, and positioning rope is located under ordinary water level, positioning rope and fixation The junction of bar maintains easily management using adjustable fixed pulley.The length of movable rope is the half of maximum stage variation, Generally it is fixed in buoyancy substrate using the nylon cable of a movable rope, it is suitable elastic with that can be controlled if pulley, The movable rope of top two is fixed on a positioning rope, and following two are fixed on another positioning rope, can on two positioning ropes Fixed several buoyant devices, such as buoyant spheres, so can further increase buoyancy, even if we have planted excessive plant It can arrange in pairs or groups.This fixing device builds ecological floating island on compared with deep water body, spud pile is beaten on bank from the influence of the depth of water The shallow place of water.This fixing device adapts to the variation of water level.The planting tray of plants configuration the utility model, growing environment, not only Currently plantable water plant can configure on the utility model on ecological floating island, and also add many terrestrials and plant Object, for example, it is greengrocery, corn, Chinese rose, tree peony, jasmine, matrimony vine, rose, inular flower, tulbaghia violacea, Radix Ophiopogonis class and dwarf lilyturf class, small Be preced with flower, tawny daylily, sweet potato, climing Changchun etc., considerably increase can on ecological floating island planting plants species.Water surface planting disk kind water Plant, using soilless culture, major function is water purification, and the perennial terrestrial plant of essentialspecies in Water cultivating disk will select a ratio Smaller terrestrial plant plantation, major function are greening, make scape, provide habitat for wild animal.
The specific embodiments described herein are merely examples of the spirit of the present invention.The utility model institute Described specific embodiment can be done various modifications or additions or using similar by belonging to those skilled in the art Mode substitute, but without departing from the spirit of the present application or beyond the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of water resistant stream ecological floating island substrate, it is characterized in that:Including fixed concrete stake(1), chinampa pipe(2), the fixed water Mud stake includes cement shell skin(3), outer rack(4), interior cement layer(5), buoyancy baton round(6), the outer rack is reinforcing bar water Mud rack(7), form square after-pouring cement and be wrapped to form cement shell skin, dissipated in the interior cement layer that cement shell skin is formed Several buoyancy baton rounds are set;The chinampa pipe includes straight cutting pipe(8)With tip pipe(9), the straight cutting tube head tail, which is set, to be sealed Mesh sheet screw socket pipe(10), sealing mesh sheet screw socket tube head end is spirally connected tip pipe, and tip pipe is into triangular pyramidal or cone shape tip pipe It is interior hollow, and wide opening portion(11)Interface thread is set(12), interface thread and sealing mesh sheet screw socket tube head pipe connect screw socket (13)Bolt, pipe connects screw socket has setting at the both ends of sealing mesh sheet screw socket pipe;The chinampa pipe is vertical with fixed concrete stake It sets, several fixed ring buckles is set on fixed concrete stake(14), chinampa pipe and fixed concrete stake have been directly bound nylon rope tied rope (15), nylon rope tied rope, which is bundled in fixed ring buckle, binds the two;In the straight cutting pipe and tip pipe ball is planted filled with buoyancy (16).
2. a kind of water resistant stream ecological floating island substrate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The chinampa pipe includes straight cutting pipe With tip pipe, straight cutting tube head grafting tip pipe, pipe several sections in chinampa are mutually spirally connected up and down forms chinampa pipe group(20), lower rank floats It manages on island(21)Top is spirally connected, and above rank chinampa is managed for insertion(22)Tip pipe, and chinampa pipe determines net in the extension that nylon rope tied rope is formed (23)On be plugged with horizontal chinampa pipe group(24), laterally with the platform in the centre of vertically arranged chinampa pipe group composition, put down It is surrounded around platform and fixed concrete stake is set, planting tray is set on platform(25), the planting tray is the adjustable planting tray of buoyancy(26), The adjustable planting tray of buoyancy includes plantation platform(27), guard(28)With plantation basket(29), plantation platform top is provided with guard, bottom Portion is provided with buoyant spheres, and plantation basket is placed in the guard on plantation platform, and four corners for planting platform are equipped with fixed sleeving(30), steel For pipe sleeve on fixed sleeving, steel pipe top is equipped with fixed rope, plantation platform be fixed on by fixed rope laterally or vertically set it is floating In the pipe group of island.
3. a kind of water resistant stream ecological floating island substrate according to claim 2, it is characterized in that:Transverse direction chinampa pipe group is mutual At least 0.5 ~ 1 meter of spacing is set.
4. a kind of water resistant stream ecological floating island substrate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The fixed ring buckle is equipped with adjustable Save fixed pulley.
5. a kind of water resistant stream ecological floating island substrate according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that:The fixed concrete stake is Square or cylindrical, length is 1 meter.
CN201721027247.8U 2017-08-16 2017-08-16 A kind of water resistant stream ecological floating island substrate Active CN207450181U (en)

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CN201721027247.8U CN207450181U (en) 2017-08-16 2017-08-16 A kind of water resistant stream ecological floating island substrate

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721027247.8U CN207450181U (en) 2017-08-16 2017-08-16 A kind of water resistant stream ecological floating island substrate

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207450181U true CN207450181U (en) 2018-06-05

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