CN207436218U - Porous drain system suitable for agricultural production - Google Patents

Porous drain system suitable for agricultural production Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207436218U
CN207436218U CN201721030987.7U CN201721030987U CN207436218U CN 207436218 U CN207436218 U CN 207436218U CN 201721030987 U CN201721030987 U CN 201721030987U CN 207436218 U CN207436218 U CN 207436218U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water storage
box culvert
drainage pipeline
agricultural production
porous drain
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Active
Application number
CN201721030987.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何文辉
袁荣荣
徐兵兵
郭荣荣
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Shanghai Kai Tai Fish Culture Development Co Ltd
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Shanghai Kai Tai Fish Culture Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201721030987.7U priority Critical patent/CN207436218U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of porous drain system suitable for agricultural production, and the agricultural porous drain system includes being arranged on the drainage pipeline in field, and the drainage pipeline extends to gutter;The gutter connects water storage unit;The drainage pipeline is arranged in box culvert, the top surface of the box culvert is laid with road surface, several first inlet openings are set on the drainage pipeline, the both sides of the box culvert are equipped with water storage ditch, cereal shell is equipped in the water storage ditch, the both sides of the box culvert set the second inlet opening, and the water storage ditch is connected by the second inlet opening with box culvert;The drainage pipeline is equipped with water storage well, and switchable discharge outlet is set on the water storage well.The utility model can preferably be collected it when water resource is enriched, and be recycled when needing and using.Effectively raise the utilization rate of water resource.

Description

Porous drain system suitable for agricultural production
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of porous drain systems suitable for agricultural production, belong to agriculture field.
Background technology
All the time, field irrigation is all that water resource uses rich and influential family, just necessary in order to ensure that farming obtains good harvest Using sufficient water conservancy irrigation condition as guarantee.At present, it is serious to be faced with this water resource waste for China, this is tight for shortage of water resources High problem, and previous agricultural irrigation mode causes great lot of water resources to waste.In addition, China is predominantly located in monsoon climate Area, annual rainfall is uneven, is easily threatened by damage caused by waterlogging and drought.In traditional agriculture system, receipts of the rainy season to cultivation region rainwater are had ignored On the one hand collection easily forms damage caused by waterlogging, excessive rainwater accumulation easily leads to root system anoxic and then trigger crop failure among farmland;Separately On the one hand the waste of water resource is also resulted in.
Existing sprinkling irrigation, drip irrigation technique can effectively save water resource, but still water drainage and rainwater-collecting can not be realized, to existing Irrigation and drainage system is transformed, and has very important realistic meaning for water saving circulating.
Utility model content
In view of the foregoing deficiencies of prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide one kind to be suitable for agricultural production In porous drain system, for solve farmland moisture can not be collected in the prior art, correct guidance Problem.
In order to achieve the above objects and other related objects, the utility model provides a kind of porous suitable for agricultural production Sewerage system, the porous drain system include being arranged on the drainage pipeline in field, and the drainage pipeline extends to Gutter;The gutter connects water storage unit;
The drainage pipeline is arranged in box culvert, and the top surface of the box culvert is laid with road surface, if being set on the drainage pipeline Dry first inlet opening, the both sides of the box culvert are equipped with water storage ditch, are equipped with cereal shell in the water storage ditch, the both sides of the box culvert are set The second inlet opening is put, the water storage ditch is connected by the second inlet opening with box culvert;
The drainage pipeline is equipped with water storage well, and switchable discharge outlet is set on the water storage well.
Preferably, the road surface forms the gap of connection box culvert.
Gap herein refers to the gap of the self-assembling formation when being laid with road surface, is not the gap artificially set, main Purpose is when the dilutional hyponatremia in water storage ditch, can be flow to by gap in box culvert.
Preferably, the road surface uses slabstone.
Preferably, the cereal shell is selected from rice chaff.
Preferably, the bottom surface of the water storage ditch is slope surface, and the one side contacted with box culvert is minimum.
Preferably, first inlet opening is evenly distributed on drainage pipeline, and the diameter of first inlet opening is 3~ 5mm。
It is highly preferred that first inlet opening arrangement in a row, in often going the spacing of two neighboring first inlet opening for 8~ 12cm。
Preferably, the discharge outlet is arranged on the bottom of water storage well.
Preferably, the width of the water storage ditch is 6~20cm, depth 10-20cm.
Preferably, the water storage unit is pool or artificial swamp.
As described above, the agriculture porous drain system of the utility model, has the advantages that:
The water resource in field can be effectively collected, and stored, when crops need water, the water of collection can be subject to It utilizes, avoids and cause flood or arid because of natural climate.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is shown as the utility model overall structure diagram.
Fig. 2 is shown as the utility model overall structure diagram.
Fig. 3 is shown as drainage pipeline cross-sectional view.
Fig. 4 is shown as drain pipeline structure schematic diagram.
Component label instructions
1 drainage pipeline
101 first inlet openings
2 water storage wells
201 discharge outlet
3 gutters
4 water storage units
5 box culverts
501 road surfaces
502 second inlet openings
6 water storage ditches
601 cereal shells
8 field furrow
Specific embodiment
Illustrate the embodiment of the utility model by particular specific embodiment below, those skilled in the art can be by this Content disclosed by specification understands other advantages and effect of the utility model easily.
It please refers to Fig.1 to Fig.4.It should be clear that structure, ratio, size depicted in this specification institute accompanying drawings etc., only to Coordinate the revealed content of specification, so that those skilled in the art understands and reads, be not limited to the utility model Enforceable qualifications, therefore do not have technical essential meaning, the modification of any structure, the change of proportionate relationship or size Adjustment, in the case where not influencing the effect of the utility model can be generated and the purpose that can reach, should all still fall in the utility model Revealed technology contents are obtained in the range of covering.Meanwhile in this specification it is cited as " on ", " under ", " left side ", The term on " right side ", " centre " and " one " etc. is merely convenient to the clear rather than enforceable to limit the utility model of narration Scope, relativeness are altered or modified, enforceable when being also considered as the utility model in the case where changing technology contents without essence Scope.
As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, the utility model provides a kind of agriculture porous drain system, the porous drain System includes the drainage pipeline 1 being arranged between field furrow 8, and the drainage pipeline 1 extends to gutter 3, and the connection of gutter 3 stores Water unit 4, the water storage unit 4 can form a complete waterway pipe system with artificial swamp or pool.Water storage unit 4 collect the draining through preliminary purification in gutter, and water is further purified using ecological way, while realize that landscape is promoted, The water of recycling can be used for irrigating, and save water resource.
The drainage pipeline 1 is arranged in box culvert 5, and the top surface of the box culvert 5 is laid with road surface 501, such as can be laid with stone Plate or cement plate, it is described to be laid with the natural gap that connection box culvert is formed on road surface, therefore when the water mistake collected between paddy field It can be flowed into when more by gap in box culvert 5, keep the drying on road surface, ponding is avoided to flow back.
Such as Fig. 4, on the drainage pipeline 1 in addition to the part that lower part is contacted with box culvert other parts be uniformly distributed first into Water hole 101 so that the water in box culvert 5 is flowed into drainage pipeline.In the present embodiment, the first inlet opening on drainage pipeline 1 into Row arranges, and the first inlet opening between adjacent rows, which is formed, to interlock.The distance of two neighboring first inlet opening is 10cm in often going, Generally can be 8~12cm, the vertical range between two rows is 10cm, generally can be 8~12cm, each first inlet opening 101 diameter is 3~5mm.The water in box culvert can flow into drainage pipeline as a result, and be not easy to plug.
For further optimizing design scheme, geotextiles are wrapped up in 1 periphery of drainage pipeline so that primarily serve isolation silt With prevent the first water inlet hole plug.
In other embodiments, purified water type submerged plant is planted in gutter 3, selects resistant, resistance to erosion, purification efficiency high On the one hand kind carries out preliminary purification to water body in gutter, on the other hand plays sealing bed mud, prevent water and soil stream in gutter It loses.
Such as Fig. 3, part that the both sides of the box culvert 5 are contacted with box culvert is recessed to form water storage ditch 6, is set in the water storage ditch 6 There is cereal shell 601, two upper lateral parts of the box culvert 5 set the second inlet opening 502, and the water storage ditch 6 passes through the second inlet opening 502 It is connected with box culvert 5.Thus the water in field can flow to water storage ditch 6, and then flow into box culvert 5, finally flow to drainage pipeline 1.
Cereal shell 601 uses rice chaff in the present embodiment, and the loading needs of general rice chaff reach covers water storage ditch 6 completely Lid, which fills up, to be advisable, and on the one hand prevents moisture from largely evaporating, another aspect rice chaff good water permeability, is received convenient for porous drainage collection pipeline Integrate draining, prevented also from aperture clogs on the pipeline triggered due to soil erosion.General 6~the 20cm of width of the water storage ditch 6, Depth is 10~20cm, is specially width 10cm, depth 18cm in the present embodiment.The bottom surface of the water storage ditch is slope surface, with case Contain that the one side of contact is minimum, facilitate what the water in water storage ditch can be cmpletely to flow into box culvert.The diameter of second inlet opening is about 1-5cm。
The drainage pipeline 1 is equipped with water storage well 2, and switchable discharge outlet 201, the storage are set on the water storage well 2 Drainage pipeline is divided into two sections by well, is respectively epimere and hypomere, and the wherein latter end of epimere connects water storage well, the entrance of hypomere Communicated drainage mouth 201, two sections of drainage pipelines are connected by water storage well 2.Well depth 1m (ground 0.3m, underground 0.7m), it is a diameter of 0.6m.In the present embodiment, the discharge outlet 201 is arranged on the bottom of gully 2.And lid is set in discharge outlet, for sealing Close discharge outlet.When the water level in water storage well is excessively high, lid can be opened, water is discharged, otherwise lid can be closed, and use In water storage ponding, it is necessary to be called conveniently when using.
Using the utility model, the water resource in field can be collected, extra water resource is stored in water storage well, when need It can be re-used when using.When the dilutional hyponatremia in water storage well, can be extradited into water storage unit.It is rationally distributed, Improve the utilization rate of water resource.
So the utility model effectively overcomes various shortcoming of the prior art and has high industrial utilization.
The above embodiments are only illustrative of the principle and efficacy of the utility model, new not for this practicality is limited Type.Any person skilled in the art can all carry out above-described embodiment under the spirit and scope without prejudice to the utility model Modifications and changes.Therefore, such as those of ordinary skill in the art without departing from the revealed essence of the utility model God and all equivalent modifications completed under technological thought or change, should be covered by the claim of the utility model.

Claims (9)

  1. A kind of 1. porous drain system suitable for agricultural production, which is characterized in that the porous drain system It includes at least:The drainage pipeline (1) in field is arranged on, the drainage pipeline (1) extends to gutter;The gutter (3) is even Logical water storage unit (4);
    The drainage pipeline (1) is arranged in box culvert (5), and the top surface of box culvert (5) is laid with road surface (501), the drainage pipeline (1) Upper to set several first inlet openings (101), the both sides of box culvert are equipped with water storage ditch (6), cereal shell are equipped in the water storage ditch (6) (601), the box culvert (5) both sides set the second inlet opening (502), the water storage ditch (6) by the second inlet opening (502) with Box culvert (5) connects;
    The drainage pipeline (1) is equipped with water storage well (2), and switchable discharge outlet (201) is set on the water storage well (2).
  2. 2. the porous drain system according to claim 1 suitable for agricultural production, it is characterised in that:The road Face (501) is formed with the gap of connection box culvert (5).
  3. 3. the porous drain system according to claim 1 suitable for agricultural production, it is characterised in that:The paddy Object shell (601) is selected from rice chaff.
  4. 4. the porous drain system according to claim 1 suitable for agricultural production, it is characterised in that:The storage The bottom surface in ditch (6) is slope surface, and the one side contacted with box culvert is minimum.
  5. 5. the porous drain system according to claim 1 suitable for agricultural production, it is characterised in that:Described One inlet opening (101) is evenly distributed on drainage pipeline (1), and the diameter of first inlet opening (101) is 3~5mm.
  6. 6. the porous drain system according to claim 5 suitable for agricultural production, it is characterised in that:Described One inlet opening (101) arrangement in a row, the spacing of two neighboring first inlet opening (101) is 8~12cm in often going.
  7. 7. the porous drain system according to claim 1 suitable for agricultural production, it is characterised in that:Discharge outlet (201) it is arranged on the bottom of water storage well (2).
  8. 8. the porous drain system according to claim 1 suitable for agricultural production, it is characterised in that:The storage The width in ditch (6) is 6~20cm, depth 10-20cm.
  9. 9. the porous drain system according to claim 1 suitable for agricultural production, it is characterised in that:The storage Water unit (4) is pool or artificial swamp.
CN201721030987.7U 2017-08-17 2017-08-17 Porous drain system suitable for agricultural production Active CN207436218U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721030987.7U CN207436218U (en) 2017-08-17 2017-08-17 Porous drain system suitable for agricultural production

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721030987.7U CN207436218U (en) 2017-08-17 2017-08-17 Porous drain system suitable for agricultural production

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207436218U true CN207436218U (en) 2018-06-01

Family

ID=62301889

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201721030987.7U Active CN207436218U (en) 2017-08-17 2017-08-17 Porous drain system suitable for agricultural production

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN207436218U (en)

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