CN207435269U - A kind of bio-remediation system for being used to administer black and odorous water - Google Patents

A kind of bio-remediation system for being used to administer black and odorous water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207435269U
CN207435269U CN201721413565.8U CN201721413565U CN207435269U CN 207435269 U CN207435269 U CN 207435269U CN 201721413565 U CN201721413565 U CN 201721413565U CN 207435269 U CN207435269 U CN 207435269U
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water
processing unit
pond
matrix
remediation
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CN201721413565.8U
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张敬申
高镜清
王文垅
陈勇
陈少华
李林帅
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Zhengzhou Source And Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Zhengzhou Source And Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model is related to technical field of sewage, more particularly to a kind of for administering the bio-remediation system of black and odorous water, including ecostagnation pool processing unit, vertical subsurface flow wetland processing unit, horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land processing unit and the ecological matrix artificial wetland treatment unit being sequentially connected;Ecological matrix artificial wetland treatment unit includes the rectangular-ambulatory-plane pond body being made of Nei Chi and outer pond and the first water channel and the second water channel that are arranged on rectangular-ambulatory-plane pond body both ends, ecological matrix artificial wetland treatment unit is connected by the first water channel with horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land processing unit, ecological matrix artificial wetland treatment unit passes through the second water channel water outlet, artificial ecology base is equipped in interior pond, the matrix fill in interior pond is less than the height of the matrix fill in outer pond.The utility model carries out purified treatment to realize using physics, chemistry and the triple synergistic effects of biology in natural ecosystems to black and odorous water, solves the problems, such as that black and odorous water treatment effect is unstable, landscape effect is poor.

Description

A kind of bio-remediation system for being used to administer black and odorous water
Technical field
The utility model is related to technical field of sewage, and in particular to a kind of for the biological prosthetic of black and odorous water improvement System.
Background technology
Common black and odorous water recovery technique comes down to peripheral doses, chemical remediation and life both at home and abroad at present Object repairs three categories.The various engineering measures such as peripheral doses are mainly mechanical algae removement, dredge bed mud, diversion erosion and deposition, water transfer dilution, Improve hydrologic condition, bed mud environmental condition of polluted water body etc., so as to achieve the purpose that black and odorous water reparation.Chemical remediation is Chemical improvement agent is put into polluted water body, is chemically reacted by medicament and pollutant, such as chemical flocculation, chemistry are heavy Form sediment etc., achieve the purpose that remove pollutant in water body with this.It is biological prosthetic to refer to absorb based on biology, degrade, conversion Pollutant in soil and water body using plant, animal and microorganism, makes the concentration of pollutant be reduced to acceptable water It puts down or poisonous and hazardous pollutant is converted into harmless substance, to reduce its diffusion to surrounding enviroment.
However the implementation of black and odorous water peripheral doses technology is simple, quick, but effect cannot continue, and can only be used as emergent arrange It applies;Chemical remediation is that temporal effect is notable, and side effects are big, easily aggravates ecosystem destruction degree, it is impossible to treat both principal and secondary aspect of disease. For peripheral doses and chemical remediation there are the problem of, black and odorous water bioremediation technology is as a kind of Low investment, high benefit, fortune Row manages simple water pollution Treatment process, gradually develops and applied in practice.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of bio-remediation system for being used to administer black and odorous water, passes through multistage wetland variation list Member and the in vivo artificial ecology base in rectangular-ambulatory-plane pond are made using physics, chemistry and the triple collaborations of biology in natural ecosystems With by filtering, adsorbing, coprecipitated, ion exchange, plant absorption and microorganism decomposition are carried out at purification black and odorous water to realize Reason, solves the problems, such as that black and odorous water treatment effect is unstable, landscape effect is poor.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows:
A kind of bio-remediation system for being used to administer black and odorous water, which is characterized in that the system includes the life being sequentially connected State is detained pool processing unit, vertical subsurface flow wetland processing unit, horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land processing unit and ecological matrix people Work wetland variation unit;The ecological matrix artificial wetland treatment unit include the rectangular-ambulatory-plane pond body being made of Nei Chi and outer pond, with And first water channel and the second water channel at rectangular-ambulatory-plane pond body both ends are arranged on, the ecological matrix artificial wetland treatment unit passes through described First water channel is connected with horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land processing unit, and the ecological matrix artificial wetland treatment unit passes through described second Water channel water outlet, artificial ecology base is equipped in the interior pond, and the height of the matrix fill in the interior pond is less than the matrix in the outer pond The height of filler.
Further, the matrix fill in the interior pond is made of from top to bottom gravel layer, the 3rd soil horizon and clay layer.
Further, the matrix fill of the vertical subsurface flow wetland processing unit is from top to bottom by the first diatomite soil Layer, haydite layer, vertical subsurface flow matrix purifying layer, the first fine sand layer and the first impervious barrier are formed.
Further, the matrix fill of the horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land processing unit is from top to bottom by the second soil horizon, multiple Packing layer, the second fine sand layer and the second impervious barrier is closed to form.
Further, the first water channel before the vertical subsurface flow wetland processing unit water inlet is equipped with the first grid.
Further, the second water channel before the horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land processing unit water inlet is equipped with the second grid.
Further, the height of the matrix fill of the vertical subsurface flow wetland processing unit is higher than the horizontal drowned flow people The height of the matrix fill of work wetland variation unit.
What the utility model can be generated has the beneficial effect that:
1st, for peripheral doses and chemical remediation there are the problem of, the utility model synthesis takes phytoremediation and microorganism The measure of reparation, using physics, chemistry and the triple synergistic effects of biology in natural ecosystems, by filtering, adsorbing, altogether Heavy, ion exchange, plant absorption and microorganism decomposition carry out purified treatment to realize to black and odorous water, have and efficiently remove depollution Object, operational management are simple, the smaller feature of floor space, solve that current black and odorous water treatment effect is unstable, landscape effect The problem of poor, realizes the purification of black and odorous water water environment, the target of water ecological restoration.
2nd, according to《Water environment quality standard》(GB3838-2002) water quality requirement of surface water in, if water inlet water Matter can reach IV class water quality standard of surface water to be inferior to V class standard of surface water by this method effluent quality.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the process flow diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the section schematic flow diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is ecological matrix artificial wetland treatment cellular construction schematic diagram.
In figure:1- ecostagnations pool processing unit, 2- vertical subsurface flow wetlands processing unit, 3- horizontal drowned flow artificials are wet Ground processing unit, 4- ecological matrix artificial wetland treatments unit, 5- artificial ecologys base, 6- water inlet pipes, 7- outlet pipes, 8- first are connected Pipe, the second communicating pipes of 9-, 10- third connectings pipe, the first water channels of 11-, the second water channels of 12-, the 3rd water channels of 13-, the 4th water of 14- Canal, the first grids of 15-, the second grids of 16-, 17- pond bodies, 18-interior pond, the outer ponds of 19-, the 4th communicating pipes of 20-, 21- the 5th are connected Pipe.
Specific embodiment
It is further details of with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings to illustrate the utility model, but the utility model Protection domain be not limited to this.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, it is a kind of for administering the bio-remediation system of black and odorous water, including what is be sequentially connected Respectively added with the ecostagnation pool processing unit 1 of effectively compound microbial inoculant, vertical subsurface flow wetland processing unit 2, Horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land processing unit 3 and ecological matrix artificial wetland treatment unit 4.Four processing units are with height difference 10-30cm It arranges from high to low, separated between adjacent processing units with water channel and passes through the pipeline connection set on water channel, wherein vertical latent The first water channel 11 before artificial wetland processing unit 2 is intake is equipped with the first grid 15, at the horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land It manages the second water channel 12 before unit water inlet and is equipped with the second grid 16, to remove the agglomerate floater and sundries in sewage.
Ecostagnation pool processing unit 1 plays the sedimentation of its physics and anaerobic digestion function, and it is miscellaneous to intercept most of floating Object and suspended matter, being intake and being passed through by water inlet pipe 6 discharged water to vertical subsurface flow wetland processing unit 2 first communicating pipe 8, Prevent Wetland clogging.Interior kind of the ecostagnation pool processing unit 1 is implanted with water plant, not only can directly utilize nitrogen, phosphorus Nutriment and supplemental oxygen are beautified the environment, but also provide attachment carrier for microorganism, improve purification efficiency.
The matrix fill of the vertical subsurface flow wetland processing unit 2 is from top to bottom divided into the first diatomite soil Five layer, haydite layer, vertical subsurface flow matrix purifying layer, the first fine sand layer and the first impervious barrier parts;The first diatomite soil Earth layer thickness is 5-20cm, is 2-3 by mass ratio:3-7 diatomite and local soil mixing composition;The thickness of the haydite layer is 4-6cm is made of the haydite that grain size is 5-10mm;The thickness of the vertical subsurface flow matrix purifying layer is 70-90cm, by volume ratio For 1:1:1 cobblestone, zeolite and tourmaline mixing composition, cobblestone, zeolite and tourmaline grain size are 10-50mm;It is described The thickness of first fine sand layer is 15-30mm, and fine sand grain size is less than 2mm;First impervious barrier is that the first antiseepage film is laid on surface First compacting soil layer.First communicating pipe 8 discharges water to the first diatomite of the vertical subsurface flow wetland processing unit 2 The surface of soil horizon, the position of the first fine sand layer of the vertical subsurface flow wetland processing unit 2 were equipped with for the second communicating pipe 9, Second communicating pipe 9 discharges water to the horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land processing unit 3.
The matrix fill of the horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land processing unit 3 is equipped with 150-200mm thickness successively from top to bottom Second soil horizon, the compounded mix layer of 900-1000cm thickness, the second fine sand layer and the second impervious barrier of 15-30mm thickness;It is described multiple Close packing layer be by volume ratio be 1:1:1 haydite, zeolite, vermiculite are mixed, and wherein haydite grain size is 10-15mm, zeolite It is 5-10mm with vermiculite grain size;Second soil horizon is equipped with emergent aquactic plant, and the planting density of the emergent aquactic plant is 16-24/m2.The second fine sand layer thickness is 15-30mm, and fine sand grain size is less than 2mm;Second impervious barrier is to be laid on surface There is the second compacting soil layer of the second antiseepage film.Second communicating pipe 9 discharges water to the horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land processing unit 3 The second soil horizon surface, the surface of the second soil horizon of the horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land processing unit 3 is equipped with the 3rd and connects Siphunculus 10, the third connecting pipe 10 discharge water to the ecological matrix artificial wetland treatment unit 4.
The ecological matrix artificial wetland treatment unit 4 includes the 3rd water channel 13, the 4th water channel 14 and by interior pond 18 and outside The rectangular-ambulatory-plane pond body 17 that pond 19 forms.The third connecting pipe 10 is connected with the outside wall of the 3rd water channel 13, described First inner wall of the inside of the 3rd water channel 13 is adjacent with outer pond 19, and the first inner wall of the inside of the 3rd water channel 13 is equipped with the Four communicating pipes 20 communicated with outer pond 19;Second inner wall of the inside of the 4th water channel 14 is adjacent with outer pond 19, the described 4th Second inner wall of the inside of water channel 14 with outer pond 19 equipped with communicating the 5th communicating pipe 21, the outside wall of the 4th water channel 14 Outlet pipe 7 is equipped with, the height of the third connecting pipe 10, the 5th communicating pipe 21 and outlet pipe 7 is identical, the 4th connection The height of pipe 20 is less than the third connecting pipe 10, the 4th communicating pipe 20 and is arranged at described return the 5th communicating pipe 21 The diagonal position of shape pond body.The pond body 17 is made of retaining wall, and the matrix fill of the bottom in interior pond 18 is divided into 3 from top to bottom Layer:Gravel layer, the 3rd soil horizon and clay layer.Wherein the thickness of gravel layer is 10-15cm, is 1 including volume ratio:1 goose ovum Stone and bird's-eye gravel, the grain size of cobble is 10-50mm, and the grain size of bird's-eye gravel is 1-10mm.Available depth in outer pond 19 It for 0.3-0.6m, and plants and has emergent aquactic plant, the available depth in interior pond 18 is 1.0-1.2m, is equipped in interior pond 18 in water manually raw State base 5.Substantial amounts of microorganism can be attached to surface and the root system of plant of artificial ecology base 5, and artificial ecology base 5 can be to organic Nutrients further adsorbs, biological oxidation, decomposing organic matter;The surface of artificial ecology base 5 and the A/O of root system of plant(Anoxic/good Oxygen)Environment and microcellular structure provide good denitrogenation dephosphorizing condition, so as to water pollutant of further degrading, beautify simultaneously Environment.
The water plant includes emergent aquactic plant, submerged plant and floatingleaved plant, the emergent aquactic plant, including west primary Leah iris, reed, cattail, canna glauca, yellow flag, Scirpus tabernaemontani, rush, rhizoma alismatis, arrowhead, papyrus, cyperus alternifolius, thousand bend The combination of one or more of dish, oenanthe stolonifera;The submerged plant, including water caltrop, green watermifoil, waterweed, algae, gold The combination of one or more of fish algae, eel grass;The floatingleaved plant meets one kind or several in grass including lotus, water lily, duckweed The combination of kind.
The effectively compound microbial inoculant is by single microbial inoculum concentration OD600It is worth for 0.6 ~ 0.8, volume ratio For 2 ~ 3:5~8:1:2~3:1 photosynthetic bacteria, bacillus, lactic acid bacteria, saccharomycete, fermented type der Pilz are mixed, compound micro- Biological bacterial concentration OD600It is worth for 0.6 ~ 0.7, the organic matters such as ammonia, nitrogen, phosphorus in the water body that can effectively degrade reduce COD, BOD5, disappear Except black and odorous water, water body is clarified, black and odorous water is assisted to recover ecological self-purification system.
It is noted that above-described embodiment is to the illustrative and not limiting of technical solutions of the utility model, affiliated technology neck The equivalent substitution of domain those of ordinary skill or the other modifications made according to the prior art, as long as not exceeding the utility model skill The thinking and scope of art scheme should be included within the interest field required by the utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of bio-remediation system for being used to administer black and odorous water, which is characterized in that the system includes the ecology being sequentially connected It is artificial to be detained pool processing unit, vertical subsurface flow wetland processing unit, horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land processing unit and ecological matrix Wetland variation unit;The ecological matrix artificial wetland treatment unit include the rectangular-ambulatory-plane pond body being made of Nei Chi and outer pond and First water channel and the second water channel at rectangular-ambulatory-plane pond body both ends are arranged on, the ecological matrix artificial wetland treatment unit passes through described One water channel is connected with horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land processing unit, and the ecological matrix artificial wetland treatment unit passes through second water Canal water outlet, artificial ecology base is equipped in the interior pond, and the height of the matrix fill in the interior pond is filled out less than the matrix in the outer pond The height of material.
2. a kind of bio-remediation system for being used to administer black and odorous water according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in described The matrix fill in pond is made of from top to bottom gravel layer, the 3rd soil horizon and clay layer.
3. a kind of bio-remediation system for being used to administer black and odorous water according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described to hang down The matrix fill of straight drowned flow artificial wet land processing unit is from top to bottom by the first diatomite soil horizon, haydite layer, vertical subsurface flow base Matter purifying layer, the first fine sand layer and the first impervious barrier are formed.
A kind of 4. bio-remediation system for being used to administer black and odorous water according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the water The matrix fill of flat drowned flow artificial wet land processing unit from top to bottom by the second soil horizon, compounded mix layer, the second fine sand layer with Second impervious barrier is formed.
5. a kind of bio-remediation system for being used to administer black and odorous water according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described to hang down The first water channel before straight drowned flow artificial wet land processing unit water inlet is equipped with the first grid.
A kind of 6. bio-remediation system for being used to administer black and odorous water according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the water The second water channel before flat drowned flow artificial wet land processing unit water inlet is equipped with the second grid.
7. a kind of bio-remediation system for being used to administer black and odorous water according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described to hang down The height of the matrix fill of straight drowned flow artificial wet land processing unit is higher than the matrix of the horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land processing unit The height of filler.
CN201721413565.8U 2017-10-30 2017-10-30 A kind of bio-remediation system for being used to administer black and odorous water Active CN207435269U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108975599A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-12-11 青岛海洋地质研究所 Reed wetland sewage purification system and effluent purification method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108975599A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-12-11 青岛海洋地质研究所 Reed wetland sewage purification system and effluent purification method

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