CN207427969U - The greenhouse of double-deck dehumidification thermal-insulating - Google Patents

The greenhouse of double-deck dehumidification thermal-insulating Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207427969U
CN207427969U CN201721190684.1U CN201721190684U CN207427969U CN 207427969 U CN207427969 U CN 207427969U CN 201721190684 U CN201721190684 U CN 201721190684U CN 207427969 U CN207427969 U CN 207427969U
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China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
control
temperature
heat
insulating
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CN201721190684.1U
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谢华
赵云霞
高晶霞
金鑫
裴红霞
桑婷
杨冬艳
冯海萍
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Ningxia Xinqidian Modern Agricultural Equipment Technology Co ltd
Ningxia Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences
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Ningxia Xinqidian Modern Agricultural Equipment Technology Co ltd
Ningxia Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

A kind of greenhouse of bilayer dehumidification thermal-insulating, including gable, wall afterwards, inner framework, heat-insulated parapet afterwards, outer layer skeleton, preceding heat-insulated parapet, the gable is arranged on the both sides of rear wall, the lower end of the first end of inner framework and rear heat-insulated parapet is fixedly connected with the upper end of rear wall, heat-insulated parapet is equipped with upper ventilation opening afterwards, to discharge humid air, covered with plastic film on outer layer skeleton and inner framework, gap between inner framework and outer layer skeleton is air layer, to be kept the temperature to greenhouse, inner framework and the second end of outer layer skeleton are fixedly connected with the upper end of preceding heat-insulated parapet, the lower end of preceding heat-insulated parapet is fixedly connected with the ground, preceding heat-insulated parapet is equipped with lower ventilation opening, to discharge the humid air in air layer.

Description

The greenhouse of double-deck dehumidification thermal-insulating
Technical field
The utility model is related to greenhouse technical field more particularly to a kind of greenhouses of double-deck dehumidification thermal-insulating.
Background technology
Traditional greenhouse only has monofilm to carry out accumulation of heat, and night is kept the temperature by cotton-wadded quilt.In winter, greenhouse Interior nocturnal temperature is generally 10~13 degrees Celsius, runs into extreme weather, minimum only 8 degrees centigrades of temperature of shed.It is most At 15 degrees Celsius or more, the growth less than 10 degrees Celsius of vegetables will go wrong the growth temperature of vegetables.Therefore winter is general To plant low temperature resistant tomato or using cauline leaf as the vegetables eaten(Such as celery)Based on.But so it be easy to cause the collection of vegetables Middle plantation, causes Vegetable supply surplus, and Vegetable is insufficient and low yield, influences the price steadiness of vegetables, this for It is all unfavorable for farmer and consumer.Simultaneously because the seedling of Vegetable is very high to temperature requirement, therefore farmer can be The stage of weather cold reduces nursery, evades Planting risk, this can cause follow-up such vegetable price higher.
In view of the above-mentioned problems, Application No. 201120379502.1, a kind of China of entitled Double-layer upright-post-free arched shed is real The technical solution used with new patent for:Including double-deck shed, include on shed covered with film, the stent of the bilayer shed Arch bar, outer arch bar in shaped form, the interior arch bar, the top of outer arch bar are integral by same a connection piece grafting, above-mentioned interior Arch bar, the lower end of outer arch bar are then fixed in prefabricated component, which is the precast concrete being embedded in soil.The program Have the function that heat storing and heat preserving using the air layer between double-deck shed and double-deck shed.But the water vapour that air layer is rich in Sunlight can be hindered to enter greenhouse, influence the photosynthesis of plant and be unfavorable for greenhouse accumulation of heat.
The content of the invention
In view of this, it is necessary to which a kind of greenhouse of the double-deck dehumidification thermal-insulating of more high-efficiency thermal storage is provided.
A kind of greenhouse of bilayer dehumidification thermal-insulating, including gable, rear wall, inner framework, rear heat-insulated parapet, outer layer bone Frame, preceding heat-insulated parapet, the gable are arranged on the both sides of rear wall, the lower end of the first end of inner framework and rear heat-insulated parapet with The upper end of wall is fixedly connected afterwards, and rear heat-insulated parapet is equipped with upper ventilation opening, to discharge humid air, on outer layer skeleton and inner framework Covered with plastic film, the gap between inner framework and outer layer skeleton is air layer, to be kept the temperature to greenhouse, internal layer The second end of skeleton and outer layer skeleton is fixedly connected with the upper end of preceding heat-insulated parapet, and the lower end of preceding heat-insulated parapet is fixed with ground to be connected It connects, preceding heat-insulated parapet is equipped with lower ventilation opening, to discharge the humid air in air layer.
Preferably, inner framework be equipped with cotton-wadded quilt and roller blind device, to be kept the temperature to greenhouse, one end of cotton-wadded quilt with The shaft of roller blind device is fixedly connected, to control the expansion of cotton-wadded quilt and gathering.
Preferably, the lower ventilation opening of the preceding heat-insulated parapet is equipped with isolating door, and isolating door is pivotally connected with heat-insulated parapet, to beat Lower ventilation opening is closed on or off.
Preferably, the upper ventilation opening of the rear heat-insulated parapet is equipped with exhaust fan, and humid air is discharged, and big in greenhouse Temperature in canopy is radiated when higher by forced convertion.
Preferably, the greenhouse of the double-deck dehumidification thermal-insulating further includes control device, and the control device is filled with roller shutter Electric connection is put, to control the operation of roller blind device;Control device is electrically connected with isolating door, to control the opening of lower ventilation opening Or it is closed;Control device is electrically connected with exhaust fan, to control the operation of exhaust fan.
Preferably, the control device is equipped with control mainboard, optical sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, illumination Sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor and control mainboard are electrically connected, control mainboard also with roller blind device, isolating door, row Fan is electrically connected, and optical sensor is arranged on gable, and control mainboard is equipped with basic illumination intensity value, and control mainboard receives light The Lighting information that is collected according to sensor simultaneously generates current light intensity value, if current light intensity value is more than base light according to strong Angle value, then control mainboard just controls roller blind device to collapse cotton-wadded quilt;Temperature sensor is arranged in greenhouse, and control mainboard is set There is basic temperature value, control mainboard receives the temperature information that temperature sensor collects and generates current temperature value, if currently Temperature value is more than basic temperature value, then and control mainboard just controls isolating door to open lower ventilation opening while opens exhaust fan, To radiate, while discharge humid air;Humidity sensor is arranged between inner framework and outer layer skeleton, and control mainboard is equipped with Basic humidity value, control mainboard receive the humidity information that humidity sensor collects and generate current humidity value, if current wet Angle value is more than basic humidity value, then and control mainboard just controls isolating door to open lower ventilation opening while opens exhaust fan, with Discharge humid air.
Advantageous effect:The greenhouse of the double-deck dehumidification thermal-insulating of the utility model passes through the preceding heat-insulated parapet of setting, rear heat-insulated Parapet, and on preceding heat-insulated parapet set under ventilation opening, on rear heat-insulated parapet set on ventilation opening, make humid air from ventilation Mouth discharge carries out photosynthesis and greenhouse accumulation of heat so as to be more favorable for plant.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the greenhouse of the double-deck dehumidification thermal-insulating of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram of another angle of the greenhouse of the double-deck dehumidification thermal-insulating of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the functional block diagram of the greenhouse of the double-deck dehumidification thermal-insulating of the utility model.
In figure:The greenhouse 10 of double-deck dehumidification thermal-insulating, rear wall 20, rear heat-insulated parapet 201, upper ventilation opening 2011, air draft Fan 2012, inner framework 30, cotton-wadded quilt 301, roller blind device 302, outer layer skeleton 40, preceding heat-insulated parapet 401, lower ventilation opening 402, every From door 403, control device 50, control mainboard 501, optical sensor 502, temperature sensor 503, humidity sensor 504.
Specific embodiment
It, below will be to required use in embodiment in order to illustrate more clearly of the technical solution of the utility model embodiment Attached drawing be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is some embodiments of the utility model, for this For the those of ordinary skill of field, without creative efforts, others are can also be obtained according to these attached drawings Attached drawing.
Refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the greenhouse 10 of double-deck dehumidification thermal-insulating, including gable, rear wall 20, inner framework 30, after Heat-insulated parapet 201, outer layer skeleton 40, preceding heat-insulated parapet 401, the gable are arranged on the both sides of rear wall 20, inner framework 30 The lower end of first end and rear heat-insulated parapet 201 is fixedly connected with the upper end of rear wall 20, and rear heat-insulated parapet 201 is equipped with upper ventilation Mouthfuls 2011, to discharge humid air, covered with plastic film, inner framework 30 and outer layer bone on outer layer skeleton 40 and inner framework 30 Gap between frame 40 is air layer, to be kept the temperature to greenhouse, the second end of inner framework 30 and outer layer skeleton 40 with The upper end of preceding heat-insulated parapet 401 is fixedly connected, and the lower end of preceding heat-insulated parapet 401 is fixedly connected with the ground, on preceding heat-insulated parapet 401 Equipped with lower ventilation opening 402, to discharge the humid air in air layer.
Further, inner framework 30 is equipped with cotton-wadded quilt 301 and roller blind device 302, to be kept the temperature to greenhouse, cotton It is fixedly connected by 301 one end with the shaft of roller blind device 302, to control the expansion of cotton-wadded quilt 301 and gathering.
Further, the lower ventilation opening 402 of the preceding heat-insulated parapet 401 be equipped with isolating door 403, isolating door 403 with every Hot parapet pivot joint, to open or close lower ventilation opening 402.
Further, the upper ventilation opening 2011 of the rear heat-insulated parapet 201 is equipped with exhaust fan 2012, and humid air is arranged Go out, and when temperature in greenhouse is higher is radiated by forced convertion.
Further, the greenhouse 10 of the double-deck dehumidification thermal-insulating further includes control device 50, the control device 50 It is electrically connected with roller blind device 302, to control the operation of roller blind device 302;Control device 50 is electrically connected with isolating door 403, To control the open or close of lower ventilation opening 402;Control device 50 is electrically connected with exhaust fan 2012, to control exhaust fan 2012 Operation.
Specifically, isolating door 403 is equipped with fluid power system, fluid power system includes hydraulic cylinder, fuel tank, hydraulic pressure Pump, solenoid valve, the cylinder body of hydraulic cylinder are connected with preceding heat-insulated parapet 401, and the drive shaft of hydraulic cylinder is connected with isolating door 403, Control device 50 and the solenoid valve and hydraulic pump of fluid power system are electrically connected, to control the flexible of hydraulic stem, so as to control Lower ventilation opening 402 opens or closes.
Further, Fig. 3 is refer to, the control device 50 is equipped with control mainboard 501, optical sensor 502, temperature and passes Sensor 503, humidity sensor 504, optical sensor 502, temperature sensor 503, humidity sensor 504 and control mainboard 501 It is electrically connected, control mainboard 501 is also electrically connected with roller blind device 302, isolating door 403, exhaust fan 2012, optical sensor 502 are arranged on gable, and control mainboard 501 is equipped with basic illumination intensity value, and control mainboard 501 receives optical sensor 502 and adopts The Lighting information that collects simultaneously generates current light intensity value, if current light intensity value is more than basic illumination intensity value, then Control mainboard 501 just controls roller blind device 302 to collapse cotton-wadded quilt 301;Temperature sensor 503 is arranged in greenhouse, control master Plate 501 is equipped with basic temperature value, and control mainboard 501 receives the temperature information that temperature sensor 503 collects and generates current temperature Angle value, if current temperature value is more than basic temperature value, then control mainboard 501 just controls isolating door 403 to make lower ventilation opening 402 Open opens exhaust fan 2012 simultaneously, to radiate, while discharges humid air;Humidity sensor 504 is arranged on internal layer bone Between frame 30 and outer layer skeleton 40, control mainboard 501 is equipped with basic humidity value, and control mainboard 501 receives humidity sensor 504 and adopts The humidity information that collects simultaneously generates current humidity value, if current humidity value is more than basic humidity value, then control mainboard 501 is just Control isolating door 403 opens lower ventilation opening 402 while opens exhaust fan 2012, to discharge humid air.
A specific implementation process is:When the temperature in greenhouse is more than default basic temperature value, and inner framework When air humidity between 30 and outer layer skeleton 40 is more than basic humidity value, control device 50 opens lower ventilation opening 402 and air draft Fan 2012, discharges humid air.When the air humidity between inner framework 30 and outer layer skeleton 40 be less than another basic humidity value, Control device 50 closes lower ventilation opening 402 and exhaust fan 2012.That is, the temperature value that detects of temperature sensor 503 and When humidity value while respectively greater than default basic temperature value and basic humidity value that humidity sensor 504 detects, control dress Ventilation opening 402 and exhaust fan 2012 under 50 controls is put to open.Priority principle can certainly be set, i.e., if temperature sensor 503 temperature detected are less than basic temperature value, but the air humidity that humidity sensor 504 detects is more than basic humidity Value, then control device 50 still opens lower ventilation opening 402 and exhaust fan 2012.
Above disclosed is only the utility model preferred embodiment, cannot limit the utility model with this certainly Interest field, one of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that all or part of flow of above-described embodiment is realized, and according to this reality The equivalent variations made with new claim still fall within the scope that utility model is covered.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of greenhouse of bilayer dehumidification thermal-insulating, it is characterised in that:The greenhouse of the bilayer dehumidification thermal-insulating include gable, Wall, inner framework, rear heat-insulated parapet, outer layer skeleton, preceding heat-insulated parapet, the gable are arranged on the both sides of rear wall, internal layer bone afterwards The lower end of the first end of frame and rear heat-insulated parapet is fixedly connected with the upper end of rear wall, and rear heat-insulated parapet is equipped with upper ventilation opening, To discharge humid air, covered with plastic film on outer layer skeleton and inner framework, the gap between inner framework and outer layer skeleton For air layer, to be kept the temperature to greenhouse, the second end of inner framework and outer layer skeleton and the upper end of preceding heat-insulated parapet are consolidated Fixed connection, the lower end of preceding heat-insulated parapet are fixedly connected with the ground, and preceding heat-insulated parapet is equipped with lower ventilation opening, to discharge air layer Interior humid air.
2. the greenhouse of bilayer dehumidification thermal-insulating as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The inner framework is equipped with cotton Quilt and roller blind device, to be kept the temperature to greenhouse, one end of cotton-wadded quilt is fixedly connected with the shaft of roller blind device, to control cotton The expansion and gathering of quilt.
3. the greenhouse of bilayer dehumidification thermal-insulating as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:The lower of the preceding heat-insulated parapet leads to Air port is equipped with isolating door, and isolating door is pivotally connected with heat-insulated parapet, to open or close lower ventilation opening.
4. the greenhouse of bilayer dehumidification thermal-insulating as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:Heat-insulated parapet is upper logical after described Air port is equipped with exhaust fan.
5. the greenhouse of bilayer dehumidification thermal-insulating as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:The temperature of the bilayer dehumidification thermal-insulating Room greenhouse further includes control device, and the control device is electrically connected with roller blind device, to control the operation of roller blind device;Control Device is electrically connected with isolating door, to control the open or close of lower ventilation opening;Control device is electrically connected with exhaust fan, with control The operation of exhaust fan processed.
6. the greenhouse of bilayer dehumidification thermal-insulating as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:The control device is equipped with control Mainboard, optical sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, optical sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor and control Mainboard is electrically connected, and control mainboard is also electrically connected with roller blind device, isolating door, exhaust fan, and optical sensor is arranged on gable On, control mainboard is equipped with basic illumination intensity value, and control mainboard, which receives the Lighting information that optical sensor collects and generates, to be worked as Preceding illumination intensity value, if current light intensity value is more than basic illumination intensity value, then control mainboard just controls roller blind device Collapse cotton-wadded quilt;Temperature sensor is arranged in greenhouse, and control mainboard is equipped with basic temperature value, and control mainboard receives temperature and passes Temperature information that sensor collects simultaneously generates current temperature value, if current temperature value is more than basic temperature value, then control master Plate just controls isolating door to open lower ventilation opening while opens exhaust fan, to radiate, while discharges humid air;Humidity passes Sensor is arranged between inner framework and outer layer skeleton, and control mainboard is equipped with basic humidity value, and control mainboard receives humidity sensor Humidity information that device collects simultaneously generates current humidity value, if current humidity value is more than basic humidity value, then control mainboard Lower ventilation opening is opened with regard to control isolating door while opens exhaust fan, to discharge humid air.
CN201721190684.1U 2017-09-18 2017-09-18 The greenhouse of double-deck dehumidification thermal-insulating Active CN207427969U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201721190684.1U CN207427969U (en) 2017-09-18 2017-09-18 The greenhouse of double-deck dehumidification thermal-insulating

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721190684.1U CN207427969U (en) 2017-09-18 2017-09-18 The greenhouse of double-deck dehumidification thermal-insulating

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112544303A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-03-26 呼伦贝尔学院 Be used for high latitude severe cold district to abandon fire clean energy type double-framework main part greenhouse temperature canopy structure of surviving winter
CN114097482A (en) * 2021-11-03 2022-03-01 山东艾维农业科技有限公司 Passive sunlight greenhouse

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112544303A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-03-26 呼伦贝尔学院 Be used for high latitude severe cold district to abandon fire clean energy type double-framework main part greenhouse temperature canopy structure of surviving winter
CN112544303B (en) * 2020-12-29 2022-08-19 呼伦贝尔学院 Be used for high latitude severe cold district to abandon fire clean energy type double-framework main part greenhouse temperature canopy structure of surviving winter
CN114097482A (en) * 2021-11-03 2022-03-01 山东艾维农业科技有限公司 Passive sunlight greenhouse

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