CN207393183U - A kind of continuous real-time measurement apparatus of beam pumping unit load - Google Patents

A kind of continuous real-time measurement apparatus of beam pumping unit load Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207393183U
CN207393183U CN201721529576.2U CN201721529576U CN207393183U CN 207393183 U CN207393183 U CN 207393183U CN 201721529576 U CN201721529576 U CN 201721529576U CN 207393183 U CN207393183 U CN 207393183U
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load
measurement
spring
pumping unit
measuring
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CN201721529576.2U
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王孟贤
王丛菲
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Beijing Pan Wanlian Electrical Integration Technology LLC
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Beijing Pan Wanlian Electrical Integration Technology LLC
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Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of continuous real-time measurement apparatus of beam pumping unit load, including hanging rope fixture, load-measuring device, polished rod lockset and oil-extractor polish-rod;The load-measuring device is mounted between the hanging rope fixture and the polished rod lockset;The hanging rope fixture moves up and down under the drive of pumping unit horsehead, the load-measuring device is fixed at the upper surface of the hanging rope fixture, the polished rod lockset is fixed on one end of oil-extractor polish-rod, and the other end of the oil-extractor polish-rod is extended downward into from reserved polished rod notch in oil well;On the load-measuring device, the load-measuring device is used to measure the load force of polished rod lockset and carries out continuous output in real time the polished rod lockset.The deformation quantity of spring is converted to load change amount using the camber of spring detection mechanism of setting and is exported in real time by the utility model, solves the problems, such as the continuous measurement of beam pumping unit work(figure and underground working.

Description

A kind of continuous real-time measurement apparatus of beam pumping unit load
Technical field
The utility model is related to field of petroleum machinery, and in particular to a kind of continuous real-time measurement of beam pumping unit load Device.
Background technology
Common pumping unit, that is, beam pumping unit is the widely applied traditional pumping unit in oil field, usually different by commonly exchanging Step motor directly drags.Its crank band drives sucker rod with balance, and driving downhole pump fixes the upper of cycle The oil of underground is sent to ground by lower reciprocating motion.Basic operation principle drives speed reducer to operate for motor by belt, subtracts Fast machine band dynamic crankshaft moves in a circle, and bent axle drives connecting rod to move up and down, and connecting rod drives walking beam to be swung on stent, walking beam band Dynamic horse head does circular motion up and down, and horse head drives sucker rod to do vertical movement up and down.
The load condition of beam pumping unit is measured, is necessary action in process of oil production.The purpose is to logical It crosses and observes the work(figure situation in pumping unit production process to judge the underground working of discrimination oil well.Existing work(figure measuring method It is the method inspected by random samples using load transducer not timing.Due to the limitation of load transducer itself use condition, prevent it from growing Time, continuous use.Therefore, the work(figure measuring method of existing maneuvering load sensor, it is impossible to continuously to the work of pumping unit Condition is detected, and intellectual determination and the control of pumping unit operation can not be realized with it.
Utility model content
In view of this, the purpose of the utility model is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of beam pumping unit is provided The continuous real-time measurement apparatus of load solves the problems, such as the continuous measurement of beam pumping unit work(figure and underground working.The device energy Enough deficiencies for effectively making up existing working conditions of oil extractor measurement means, and judgement can be provided for the intelligent operation of pumping unit Real-time foundation.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model adopts the following technical solution:A kind of beam pumping unit load it is continuous Real-time measurement apparatus, including hanging rope fixture, load-measuring device, polished rod lockset and oil-extractor polish-rod;The load-measuring device Between the hanging rope fixture and the polished rod lockset;
The hanging rope fixture moves up and down under the drive of pumping unit horsehead, and the load-measuring device is fixed at The upper surface of the hanging rope fixture is reserved with the polished rod notch passed through convenient for oil-extractor polish-rod, institute on the load-measuring device State one end that polished rod lockset is fixed on oil-extractor polish-rod, the other end of the oil-extractor polish-rod is from reserved polished rod notch to downward It extends in oil well;
The polished rod lockset is acted on the load-measuring device, and the load-measuring device is used to measure polished rod lockset Load force and carry out continuous output in real time.
Further, the load-measuring device includes fixed support plate, movable supporting plate, tubular column shape spring guide rail, survey Measure spring and camber of spring detection mechanism;The fixed support plate is fixed on the hanging rope fixture, the tubular column shape bullet One end of spring guide rail is fixed on the fixed support plate, and the measurement spring is set in the tubular column shape spring guide rail On, the movable supporting plate is movably arranged on the other end of the tubular column shape spring guide rail;The movable supporting plate is in polished rod It vertically moves up and down under the load effect of lockset, and load force is passed into measurement spring;The camber of spring Detection mechanism is arranged between the fixed support plate and the movable supporting plate, and the camber of spring detection mechanism is used for bullet Spring deformation quantity is converted into load change amount and is exported.
Further, the fixed support plate and the movable supporting plate are attached using pretension bolt, the measurement Spring is arranged on the pretension bolt between fixed support plate and movable supporting plate.
Further, the quantity of the tubular column shape spring guide rail be two or more, it is described measurement spring quantity with it is described The quantity of tubular column shape spring guide rail is adapted.
Further, the quantity of the tubular column shape spring guide rail is four, and the quantity of the measurement spring is four.
Further, hanging rope notch is offered on the movable supporting plate.
Further, the camber of spring detection mechanism include position measurement thimble, position measurement rocking arm, rocking arm support and Slide-wire rheostat;The rocking arm support is arranged on fixed support plate, and institute's position measurement rocking arm is rotatably arranged on the rocking arm In support, the upper end of institute's position measurement thimble is connected with the lower surface radial type of the movable supporting plate, institute's position measurement The lower end of thimble is connected with one end radial type of institute's position measurement rocking arm, and the other end of institute's position measurement rocking arm is as slip Rheostatic slide plate is connected with the sliding electrode of the slide-wire rheostat.
The utility model uses above technical scheme, and the load-measuring device is mounted on the hanging rope fixture and described Between polished rod lockset;The deformation quantity of spring is converted to load change amount using the camber of spring detection mechanism of setting to carry out in real time Output solves the problems, such as the continuous measurement of beam pumping unit work(figure and underground working.The present apparatus can effectively make up existing pumping The deficiency of oil machine working condition measuring means, and the real-time foundation of judgement can be provided for the intelligent operation of pumping unit.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the continuous real-time measurement apparatus structure diagram of the utility model beam pumping unit load;
Fig. 2 is one of the utility model load-measuring device structure diagram;
Fig. 3 is the utility model load-measuring device second structural representation.
In figure:1st, hanging rope fixture;2nd, load-measuring device;3rd, polished rod lockset;4th, oil-extractor polish-rod;5th, polished rod notch;6、 Hanging rope;7th, fixed support plate;8th, movable supporting plate;9th, tubular column shape spring guide rail;10th, spring is measured;11st, hanging rope notch;12nd, position Put measurement thimble;13rd, position measurement rocking arm;14th, rocking arm supports;15th, slide-wire rheostat;16th, pretension bolt;17th, nut.
Specific embodiment
Below by drawings and examples, the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model provides a kind of continuous real-time measurement apparatus of beam pumping unit load, including outstanding Rope fixture 1, load-measuring device 2, polished rod lockset 3 and oil-extractor polish-rod 4;The load-measuring device 2 is mounted on the hanging rope Between fixture 1 and the polished rod lockset 3;The hanging rope fixture 1 moves up and down under the drive of pumping unit horsehead, the load Measuring device 2 is fixed at the upper surface of the hanging rope fixture 1, is reserved on the load-measuring device 2 convenient for pumping unit The polished rod notch 5 (as shown in Figure 3) that polished rod 4 passes through, the polished rod lockset 3 are fixed on one end of oil-extractor polish-rod 4, the oil pumping The other end of machine polished rod 4 is extended downward into from reserved polished rod notch 5 in oil well;The polished rod lockset 3 acts on the load In measuring device 2, the load-measuring device 2 is used to measure the load force of polished rod lockset 3 and carries out continuous output in real time.
Measuring device provided in this embodiment is converted to the deformation quantity of spring using the camber of spring detection mechanism of setting Load change amount is exported in real time, solves the problems, such as the continuous measurement of beam pumping unit work(figure and underground working.
As shown in Figure 1, when pumping unit horsehead moves up and down, hanging rope fixture 1 can be passed power by this load-measuring device 2 Polished rod lockset 3 is passed, then, polished rod lockset 3 drives oil-extractor polish-rod 4 to move up and down.In this way, oil-extractor polish-rod 4 is reacted Rod-pumped well under load and its variation will directly act on this load-measuring device when pumping unit horsehead moves up and down 2。
The variation of load is embodied using the deformation after spring stress, within the specific limits, measures the compression width of spring 10 Degree is directly proportional to its stress size.When stress is big, suppressed range is big;When stress is small, suppressed range is small.The present apparatus is exactly to utilize bullet This property of spring measures the variation of beam pumping unit underground load.That is, when underground load is larger, in the present apparatus The amplitude that spring is compressed accordingly becomes larger;And underground load becomes hour, the amplitude that the spring in the present apparatus is compressed is also correspondingly Become smaller.
As a preferred embodiment, load-measuring device 2 includes described in measuring device provided in this embodiment Fixed support plate 7, movable supporting plate 8, tubular column shape spring guide rail 9, measurement spring 10 and camber of spring detection mechanism;The fixation Support plate 7 is fixed on the hanging rope fixture 1, and one end of the tubular column shape spring guide rail 9 is fixed at the fixation In support plate 7, the measurement spring 10 is set in the tubular column shape spring guide rail 9, and the movable supporting plate 8 is movably arranged on On the other end of the tubular column shape spring guide rail 9;The movable supporting plate 8 is under the load effect of polished rod lockset 3 along Vertical Square Measurement spring 10 is passed to up and down motion, and by load force;The camber of spring detection mechanism is arranged on the fixation Between support plate 7 and the movable supporting plate 8, the camber of spring detection mechanism is used to spring deformation amount being converted into load change Change amount is exported.
It should be added that fixed support plate 7 described in the present embodiment and the movable supporting plate 8 use preload spiral shell Bolt 16 is attached, and the measurement spring 10 is arranged on the pretension bolt 16 between fixed support plate 7 and movable supporting plate 8. The quantity of the tubular column shape spring guide rail 9 is two or more, the quantity and the tubular column shape spring guide rail 9 of the measurement spring 10 Quantity be adapted.Preferably, the quantity of the tubular column shape spring guide rail 9 is four, the quantity of the measurement spring 10 For four.
On the other hand, hanging rope notch 11 is offered on the movable supporting plate 8, it is free to slide for the ease of hanging rope 6.
Camber of spring detection mechanism is the emphasis mechanism of utility model, using camber of spring detection mechanism by the compression of spring Amplitude transition is corresponding electric signal, can be as the adjustment foundation of pumping unit intelligentized control method.
Camber of spring detection mechanism described in the present embodiment includes position measurement thimble 12, position measurement rocking arm 13, rocking arm Support 14 and slide-wire rheostat 15;The rocking arm support 14 is arranged on fixed support plate 7, and institute's position measurement rocking arm 13 rotates It is arranged in the rocking arm support 14, the upper end of institute's position measurement thimble 12 and the lower surface of the movable supporting plate 8 are hinged Formula connects, and the lower end of institute's position measurement thimble 12 is connected with one end radial type of institute position measurement rocking arm 13, the position The other end of measurement rocking arm 13 is connected as the slide plate of slide-wire rheostat 15 with the sliding electrode of the slide-wire rheostat 15.
For the utility model is described in further detail, each module and operation principle expansion are described as follows now:
There are two functions for movable supporting plate 8:1) frame of entire measuring device, is formed;2), in the load of polished rod lockset 3 It under effect, vertically moves up and down, load force is passed into spring system, spring system is made to obtain different compressions Deformation;
Fixed support plate 7 is the base support component of entire measuring device.Entire measuring mechanism is fixed on by the component On hanging rope fixture 1.
The present apparatus measures needs according to actual, is provided with measurement spring 10 in varying numbers.Spring is that measurement pumping unit is quiet The key mechanism of state and dynamic load.The present apparatus is exactly based on the compressive deformation situation occurred after spring stress and judges to take out to observe Oil machine load condition;
There are two the functions of tubular column shape spring guide rail 9:1), ensure that spring bears that axial deformation only occurs during pressure;2), protect It demonstrate,proves and vertical displacement is only generated between movable supporting plate 8 and fixed support plate 7.
Pretension bolt 16 and nut 17 in the utility model are used to connect, fix movable supporting plate 8, fixed support plate 7 And spring mechanism;
The operation logic of entire measuring device is as follows:
When hanging rope fixture 1 moves up and down under the drive of pumping unit horsehead, the present apparatus can will hanging rope fixture 1 up and down The power of movement passes to polished rod lockset 3, and polished rod lockset 3 will drive the mechanism below sucker rod also to pump. During sucker rod pumps, it is different that the variation of sucker rod load can be subject to the spring mechanism in the present apparatus Active force, so as to which corresponding compression variation occur.During load increase, movable supporting plate 8 will move down, and make spring-compressed;And When load reduces, movable supporting plate 8 will move upwards, spring-relaxation;When movable supporting plate 8 moves up and down, can make and its The position measurement thimble 12 being connected moves up and down therewith.And the up and down motion of thimble makes rocking arm further through the effect of rocking arm The central point of the slide-wire rheostat 15 of the other end does reverse slide operation.So as to change 15 position signal output terminal of slide-wire rheostat Output voltage, to realize detection to compression deformation of the spring amplitude.Position measurement mechanism is using the purpose of rocker structure, can Suitably to be amplified to spring-compressed amplitude by changing the supporting point of rocking arm, in order to detect measurement.
The utility model uses above technical scheme, and the load-measuring device 2 is mounted on the hanging rope fixture 1 and institute It states between polished rod lockset 3;The deformation quantity of spring is converted to load change amount using the camber of spring detection mechanism of setting to carry out Output in real time solves the problems, such as the continuous measurement of beam pumping unit work(figure and underground working.The present apparatus can effectively make up existing The deficiency of row working conditions of oil extractor measurement means, and the real-time foundation of judgement can be provided for the intelligent operation of pumping unit.
The utility model is not limited to above-mentioned preferred forms, anyone can draw under the enlightenment of the utility model Other various forms of products, however, make any variation in its shape or structure, it is every that there is same as the present application or phase Approximate technical solution, all falls within the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of continuous real-time measurement apparatus of beam pumping unit load, it is characterised in that:Including hanging rope fixture, load measurement Device, polished rod lockset and oil-extractor polish-rod;The load-measuring device be mounted on the hanging rope fixture and the polished rod lockset it Between;
The hanging rope fixture moves up and down under the drive of pumping unit horsehead, and the load-measuring device is fixed at described The upper surface of hanging rope fixture is reserved with the polished rod notch passed through convenient for oil-extractor polish-rod, the light on the load-measuring device Rod lock is fixed on one end of oil-extractor polish-rod, and the other end of the oil-extractor polish-rod is extended downward into from reserved polished rod notch In oil well;
The polished rod lockset is acted on the load-measuring device, and the load-measuring device is used to measure the load of polished rod lockset Lotus active force simultaneously carries out continuous output in real time.
2. the continuous real-time measurement apparatus of beam pumping unit load according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The load Lotus measuring device includes fixed support plate, movable supporting plate, tubular column shape spring guide rail, measurement spring and camber of spring detection machine Structure;
The fixed support plate is fixed on the hanging rope fixture, and one end of the tubular column shape spring guide rail is fixed at On the fixed support plate, the measurement spring is set in the tubular column shape spring guide rail, and the movable supporting plate activity is set It puts on the other end of the tubular column shape spring guide rail;
The movable supporting plate vertically moves up and down under the load effect of polished rod lockset, and load force is transferred Give measurement spring;
The camber of spring detection mechanism is arranged between the fixed support plate and the movable supporting plate, the camber of spring Detection mechanism exports for spring deformation amount to be converted into load change amount.
3. the continuous real-time measurement apparatus of beam pumping unit load according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:It is described solid Determine support plate and the movable supporting plate is attached using pretension bolt, the measurement spring is arranged on fixed support plate and work On pretension bolt between dynamic support plate.
4. the continuous real-time measurement apparatus of beam pumping unit load according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The pipe The quantity of column type spring guide rail is two or more, and the quantity of the quantity and the tubular column shape spring guide rail of the measurement spring is mutually fitted Match somebody with somebody.
5. the continuous real-time measurement apparatus of beam pumping unit load according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The pipe The quantity of column type spring guide rail is four, and the quantity of the measurement spring is four.
6. the continuous real-time measurement apparatus of beam pumping unit load according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The work Hanging rope notch is offered in dynamic support plate.
7. according to the continuous real-time measurement apparatus of claim 2 to 6 any one of them beam pumping unit load, feature exists In:The camber of spring detection mechanism includes position measurement thimble, position measurement rocking arm, rocking arm support and slide-wire rheostat;
The rocking arm support is arranged on fixed support plate, and institute's position measurement rocking arm is rotatably arranged in the rocking arm support, The upper end of institute's position measurement thimble is connected with the lower surface radial type of the movable supporting plate, under institute's position measurement thimble End is connected with one end radial type of institute's position measurement rocking arm, and the other end of institute's position measurement rocking arm is as slide-wire rheostat Slide plate is connected with the sliding electrode of the slide-wire rheostat.
CN201721529576.2U 2017-11-15 2017-11-15 A kind of continuous real-time measurement apparatus of beam pumping unit load Active CN207393183U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721529576.2U CN207393183U (en) 2017-11-15 2017-11-15 A kind of continuous real-time measurement apparatus of beam pumping unit load

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107762452A (en) * 2017-11-15 2018-03-06 北京泛华万联机电集成技术有限责任公司 A kind of continuous real-time measurement apparatus of beam pumping unit load
CN110439536A (en) * 2019-07-18 2019-11-12 青岛江林驱动科技有限公司 Beam type oil pumping machine indicating diagram method for drafting
CN110714748A (en) * 2019-10-22 2020-01-21 中国矿业大学 Pressure stabilizing device of rock drilling and breaking experiment machine

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107762452A (en) * 2017-11-15 2018-03-06 北京泛华万联机电集成技术有限责任公司 A kind of continuous real-time measurement apparatus of beam pumping unit load
CN107762452B (en) * 2017-11-15 2019-06-04 北京泛华万联机电集成技术有限责任公司 A kind of continuous real-time measurement apparatus of beam pumping unit load
CN110439536A (en) * 2019-07-18 2019-11-12 青岛江林驱动科技有限公司 Beam type oil pumping machine indicating diagram method for drafting
CN110714748A (en) * 2019-10-22 2020-01-21 中国矿业大学 Pressure stabilizing device of rock drilling and breaking experiment machine

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