CN207352185U - A kind of portable high-accuracy ground magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetometer - Google Patents

A kind of portable high-accuracy ground magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetometer Download PDF

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CN207352185U
CN207352185U CN201721071052.3U CN201721071052U CN207352185U CN 207352185 U CN207352185 U CN 207352185U CN 201721071052 U CN201721071052 U CN 201721071052U CN 207352185 U CN207352185 U CN 207352185U
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coil
spacing
turn
circles
loop
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高建东
杜利明
韩进国
陈琦
高嘉汕
孙钦同
连国建
赵祖应
高升
赵序峰
徐广东
王璐
王春
王碧青
张扬
李中平
崔明飞
崔琪
杜松金
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SHANDONG ZHENGYUAN GEOLOGICAL EXPLORATION INSTITUTE CHINA METALLURGICAL AND GEOLOGICAL BUREAU
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SHANDONG ZHENGYUAN GEOLOGICAL EXPLORATION INSTITUTE CHINA METALLURGICAL AND GEOLOGICAL BUREAU
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Abstract

A kind of portable high-accuracy ground magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetometer, including geomagnetic total field optical pumped magnetometer, geomagnetic total field optical pumped magnetometer is connected with earth magnetism vector observation platform, telescope holder is installed on earth magnetism vector observation platform, telescope is installed, power supply is connected with geomagnetic total field optical pumped magnetometer, and it is exterior that coil group is sleeved on geomagnetic total field optical pumped magnetometer probe on telescope holder, probe is installed on telescope holder positioned at the center of coil group, probe.The utility model has the advantages that it can realize measurement, the positioning of geophysics measuring point and the measurement of elevation of ground magnetic vector at the same time on an instrument.Meanwhile the portable performance of the utility model is good, it is small, light-weight.

Description

A kind of portable high-accuracy ground magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetometer
Technical field
Geophysics geomagnetic field measuring is the utility model is related to, is a kind of portable high-accuracy ground magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetic force Instrument.
Background technology
At present, the measurement of geomagnetic fieldvector is a kind of qualitative and quantitative interpretation best approach to magnetic substance.Applicant It has passed through long-term researched and proposed compared with multi-scheme in this field.Such as:Accurately magnetic vector measuring method and its device, ground Magnetic vector field measurement method and its device etc..These measuring methods and device pass through using finding that there are deficiency for the use of several: Although these structures have larger compression to sexually revise than traditional last of the twelve Earthly Branches nurse hertz twin coil, measurement accuracy increases, exterior measuring out of office Portability is greatly improved during amount, but still complicated, and volume is larger, and measurement accuracy is impacted;Further, since earth thing Reason field measurement is both needed to plan-position and the elevation of positioning geophysics measuring point, can only meet that earth magnetism is sweared in the structure of the prior art Measure the needs of positioning, it is impossible to meet the demand of positioning and the measurement of higher degree of geophysics measuring point, therefore, needed in actual job The surveying instruments such as theodolite are equipped with to complete the measurement of the positioning of geophysics measuring point and elevation.This results in field work efficiency pole Difficulty improves a lot, and measurement accuracy is relatively inaccessible to precisely.
Utility model content
A kind of the purpose of this utility model with being to provide portable high-accuracy magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetometer, it can solve existing There is the deficiency of technology.
The utility model to achieve the above object, by the following technical programs:A kind of portable high-accuracy magnetic vector warp Latitude magnetometer, including geomagnetic total field optical pumped magnetometer, geomagnetic total field optical pumped magnetometer are connected with earth magnetism vector observation platform, earth magnetism Telescope holder is installed on vector observation platform, telescope, power supply and geomagnetic total field optical pumped magnetometer are installed on telescope holder It is connected, coil group is sleeved on geomagnetic total field optical pumped magnetometer probe outside, and probe is installed on and looks in the distance positioned at the center of coil group, probe On mirror support, coil component is vertical coil group and horizontal coil group, and power supply provides DC current for coil group, and described is vertical Coil group and horizontal coil group are respectively by 6 sizes are identical, coaxial coil arranged in parallel, series aiding connection forms.6 vertical lines Circle is circular coil, and circular coil is sleeved on probe outside, and 6 horizontal coils are square coil, and one of square coil is short Side is on the end face of probe, another short side of square coil is on another end face of probe, the length of square coil Side is located at the outside of circular coil and parallel with the length direction of probe.First coil A1With the second loop A6The number of turn it is identical, It is 2.38786748R away from 2c;Tertiary coil A2With the 4th loop A5The number of turn is identical, and spacing 2b is 1.07401394R;5th coil A3With the 6th loop A4The number of turn is identical, and spacing 2a is 0.32510610R.7th coil B1With the 8th coil B6The number of turn is identical, spacing 2j is 2.70956d-0.0204e;9th coil B2With the tenth coil B5The number of turn is identical, and spacing 2i is 1.12888d+0.00074e; 11st coil B3With the tenth two coil B4The number of turn is identical, and spacing 2h is 0.33844d+0.00022e.Circular coil diameter is than visiting Head diameter grows 3~4 millimeters, and square coil bond length is 3~4 millimeters longer than circular coil diameter, the length of square coil long side It is 3~4 millimeters longer than probe length.The diameter of probe is 64mm, and length is 141mm, and 6 vertical coils are distributed up and down, and 6 vertical Coil diameter is 68mm, wherein the 5th loop A3With the 6th loop A4The number of turn be 3 circles, spacing 11.06mm, the 3rd line Enclose A2With the 4th loop A5The number of turn be 4 circles, spacing 36.52mm, first coil A1With the second loop A6The number of turn be 10 Circle, spacing 81.19mm, the bond length of 6 horizontal coils is 72mm, and long edge lengths are 145mm, the 11st coil in coil B3With the tenth two coil B4The number of turn be 5 circles, spacing 12.20mm, the 9th coil B2With the tenth coil B5The number of turn be 7 Circle, spacing 40.70mm, the 7th coil B1With the 8th coil B6The number of turn be 22 circles, spacing 96.03mm.The diameter of probe It is 63mm, length is 160mm, and 6 vertical coils are distributed up and down, 6 a diameter of 66mm of vertical coil, wherein the 5th loop A3With 6th loop A4The number of turn be 3 circles, spacing 10.73mm, tertiary coil A2With the 4th loop A5The number of turn be 4 circles, spacing For 35.44mm, first coil A1With the second loop A6The number of turn be 10 circles, spacing 78.80mm, the short side of 6 horizontal coils Length is 70mm, and long edge lengths are 164mm, the 11st coil B in coil3With the tenth two coil B4The number of turn be 5 circles, spacing For 11.87mm, the 9th coil B2With the tenth coil B5The number of turn be 7 circles, spacing 39.61mm, the 7th coil B1With the 8th line Enclose B6The number of turn be 22 circles, spacing 93.00mm.The diameter of probe is 55mm, and length is 195mm, above and below 6 vertical coils Distribution, 6 a diameter of 58mm of vertical coil, wherein the 5th loop A3With the 6th loop A4The number of turn be that 3 circles, spacing are 9.43mm, tertiary coil A2With the 4th loop A5The number of turn be 4 circles, spacing 31.15mm, first coil A1With the second coil A6The number of turn be 10 circles, spacing 69.25mm, the bond lengths of 6 horizontal coils is 62mm, and long edge lengths are 198mm, line 11st coil B in circle3With the tenth two coil B4The number of turn be 5 circles, spacing 10.52mm, the 9th coil B2With the tenth coil B5The number of turn be 7 circles, spacing 35.08mm, the 7th coil B1With the 8th coil B6The number of turn be that 22 circles, spacing are 81.93mm.Power supply and geomagnetic total field optical pumped magnetometer are separately mounted on the supporting leg of tripod, installation ground magnetic vector on tripod Observation platform, probe are fixed on the centre of telescope holder upper cross-beam or are fixed on the sidepiece of telescope holder.Triangle Bottom plate is set on frame, and bottom plate is hinged with the inclined telescopic rod one end of at least two, and the other end and the installing plate of telescopic rod are hinged, peace Shaft and motor are installed respectively, the axis of telescopic rod around the shaft is uniformly distributed, and turntable is set in shaft, and turntable periphery is set in loading board Fixed tooth is put, gear is installed on the output shaft of motor, gear is engaged with fixed tooth, disk upper surface middle part and earth magnetism vector observation Platform connects, disk upper surface sidepiece installation level meter.Mounting plate on tripod, sets sucker between fixed plate and bottom plate, The top of sucker is connected with bottom plate, and the lower part of sucker is connected with fixed plate.
The utility model has the advantage of:It can realize measurement, the earth thing of ground magnetic vector at the same time on an instrument Manage the positioning of measuring point and the measurement of elevation.Meanwhile the portable performance of the utility model is good, it is small, light-weight.This practicality is new The coil group that type provides can make the small coil that can provide magnetic field of high uniformity, reduce equipment instrument and improve measurement essence Degree.The adjusting of technical solution provided by the utility model in the measurements can reach flexible and stability is high, can make the utility model Instrument what geographical environment in office under keep horizontal so that measurement accuracy further reaches accurate state etc..
Brief description of the drawings
Attached drawing 1 is one of the utility model embodiment structure diagram;Attached drawing 2 is I portions enlarged structure schematic diagram in Fig. 1; Attached drawing 3 is two structure diagrams of the utility model embodiment;Attached drawing 4 is three structure diagrams of the utility model embodiment.
Embodiment
The embodiment of the utility model is further illustrated with the utility model embodiment, but the utility model is not limited to implement Example.
1 is tripod in figure, and 2 be fixed plate, and 3 be bottom plate, and 4 be telescopic rod, and 5 be installing plate, and 6 be shaft, and 7 be motor, 8 It is turntable, 9 be gear, and 10 be pointer, and 11 be probe, and 12 be horizontal coil group, and 13 be vertical coil group, and 14 be geomagnetic total field light Magnetometer is pumped, 15 be power supply, and 16 be sucker, and 17 be level meter, and 18 be earth magnetism vector observation platform, and 19 be crossbeam, A1It is first Coil, A2It is tertiary coil, A3It is the 5th coil, A4It is the 6th coil, A5It is the 4th coil, A6It is the second coil, B1It is the 7th Coil, B2It is the 9th coil, B3It is the 11st coil, B4It is the tenth two coil, B5It is the tenth coil, B6It is the 8th coil.
Technical solution provided by the utility model is:A kind of portable high-accuracy ground magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetometer, including ground Magnetic resultant field optical pumped magnetometer, geomagnetic total field optical pumped magnetometer are connected with earth magnetism vector observation platform, on earth magnetism vector observation platform Telescope holder is installed, telescope is installed on telescope holder, power supply is connected with geomagnetic total field optical pumped magnetometer, and coil group is sleeved on Geomagnetic total field optical pumped magnetometer probe is exterior, and probe is installed on telescope holder positioned at the center of coil group, probe, coil group It is divided into vertical coil group and horizontal coil group, power supply provides DC current, the vertical coil group and horizontal line for coil group For circle group respectively by 6 sizes are identical, coaxial coil arranged in parallel, series aiding connection forms, 6 vertical coils are round wire Circle, circular coil are sleeved on probe outside, and 6 horizontal coils are square coil, and a short side of square coil is positioned at probe On end face, for another short side of square coil on another end face of probe, the long side of square coil is located at round wire The outside of circle is simultaneously parallel with the length direction of probe.Geomagnetic total field optical pumped magnetometer described in the utility model said structure is Existing structure, it is uniform can to measure superposition coil respectively using it under coil energization plus double electric and not powered three kinds of states The earth's magnetic field scalar in magnetic field, and then calculate geomagnetic fieldvector.The utility model is pacified on geomagnetic total field optical pumped magnetometer probe The coil of dress is the high-precision uniform magnetic field coil of particular design.Each coil size in vertical coil group and horizontal coil group, The number of turn and coil-span are obtained using accurate calculate.The geomagnetic total field optical pumped magnetometer trade name helium light pump magnetic apparatus, The optical pumped magnetometers such as potassium optical pumped magnetometer, caesium optical pumped magnetometer.
Earth magnetism vector observation platform described in the utility model said structure, may be selected to remove the nothing after magnetic flux door part Magnetic theodolite or the plain transit replacement for replacing steel material.
Circular coil diameter described in the utility model is 3~4 millimeters longer than probe diameter, and square coil bond length is than circle Shape coil diameter grows 3~4 millimeters, and the length of square coil long side is 3~4 millimeters longer than probe length.
Coil described in the utility model is particular design:Vertical coil radius is R, first coil A in coil group1With Tertiary coil A2With the 5th loop A3Turn ratio be 3.4551667: 1.3477373 :1, first coil A1With the second coil A6The number of turn it is identical, spacing 2c is 2.38786748R;Tertiary coil A2With the 4th loop A5The number of turn is identical, and spacing 2b is 1.07401394R;5th loop A3With the 6th loop A4The number of turn is identical, and spacing 2a is 0.32510610R;Horizontal line in coil group Circle length of short sides is 2d, length of long sides 2e, in 55mm< 2d < 75mm、140mm < 2e <In the range of 200mm, the 7th Coil B1With the 9th coil B2With the 11st coil B3Turn ratio be 4.4: 1.39 :1, the 7th coil B1With the 8th coil B6 The number of turn is identical, and spacing 2j is 2.70956d-0.0204e;9th coil B2With the tenth coil B5The number of turn is identical, and spacing 2i is 1.12888d+0.00074e;11st coil B3With the tenth two coil B4The number of turn is identical, and spacing 2h is 0.33844d+ 0.00022e;Coil-span and turn ratio are determined according to special algorithm is accurate.So that it can be produced in coil group on a large scale Magnetic field of high uniformity.
According to Theory of Electromagnetic Field, if the radius of circular coil is R, the 5th loop A3With the 6th loop A4The number of turn be w, One loop A1With the 5th loop A3Turn ratio and the second loop A6With the 6th loop A4Turn ratio be m1, tertiary coil A2With 5th loop A3Turn ratio and the 4th loop A5With the 6th loop A4Turn ratio be n1, the 5th loop A3With the 6th loop A4 Spacing be 2a, tertiary coil A2With the 4th loop A5Spacing be 2b, first coil A1With the second loop A6Spacing be 2c, Electric current is I, and 6 vertical coil combination calculating formulas of magnetic-field component on axis are:
BxFor μ0*R^2*I*w*(1/(R^2+(a-X)^2)^(3/2)+1/(R^2+(a+X)^2)^(3/2)
+ n1/(R^2+(b-X)^2)^(3/2)+ n1/(R^2+(b+X)^2)^(3/2)
+ m1/(R^2+(c-X)^2)^(3/2)+ m1/(R^2+(c+X)^2)^(3/2))/2
μ in formula0=4 π × 10- 7H/m, is space permeability;R, w, I are definite constant, a, b, c, m1、n1For design Parameter;A is the 5th loop A3With the 6th loop A4The half spacing of spacing 2a;B is tertiary coil A2With the 4th loop A5Spacing 2b Half spacing;C is first coil A1With the second loop A6The half spacing of spacing 2c;X is a little to arrive coil group center O on axis Distance, be independent variable.
The vertical coil number of turn and spacing determine by the following method:It is former in coordinate to each even number order derivative of X in above formula When point is equal to zero, the magnetic field inside coil group is most uniform.It is a small amount of to ignore high-order so that 2,4,6,8,10 order derivatives are former in coordinate When point is equal to zero, the magnetic field inside coil group has had sufficiently high degree of homogenization, can meet optical pumped magnetometer pair well The requirement of the complementary field uniformity.Above-mentioned all-order derivative is asked for, and then determines 2a, 2b, 2c, m between each coil1、n1Mutually close System is as follows:
2a is 0.32510610R;
2b is 1.07401394R;
2c is 2.38786748R;
m1For 3.4551667;
n1For 1.3477373.
According to Theory of Electromagnetic Field, 6 Coil Coaxials are arranged in parallel, the 7th coil B1With the 8th coil B6The number of turn is identical, the 9th line Enclose B2With the tenth coil B5The number of turn is identical, the 11st coil B3With the tenth two coil B4The number of turn is identical, coil turn w.7th line Enclose B1With the 11st coil B3Turn ratio m2, the 9th coil B2With the 11st coil B3Turn ratio n2, the 11st coil B3With the tenth Two coil B4Spacing 2h, the 9th coil B2With the tenth coil B5Spacing 2i, the 7th coil B1With the 8th coil B6Spacing 2j, 6 altogether Axis square coil composition horizontal coil group on axis the calculation formula of magnetic-field component be:
B1For μ0Iwd*e*(
1/((e^2+d^2+(h-z)^2)^(1/2))*(1/(d^2+(h-z)^2)+1/(e^2+(h-z)^2))
+ n2/((e^2+d^2+(i-z)^2)^(1/2))*(1/(d^2+(i-z)^2)+1/(e^2+(i-z)^2))
+ m2/((e^2+d^2+(j-z)^2)^(1/2))*(1/(d^2+(j-z)^2)+1/(e^2+(j-z)^2))
+1/((e^2+d^2+(h+z)^2)^(1/2))*(1/(d^2+(h+z)^2)+1/(e^2+(h+z)^2))
+ n2/((e^2+d^2+(i+z)^2)^(1/2))*(1/(d^2+(i+z)^2)+1/(e^2+(i+z)^2))
+ m2/((e^2+d^2+(j+z)^2)^(1/2))*(1/(d^2+(j+z)^2)+1/(e^2+(j+z)^2)))/pi
μ in formula0=4 π × 10- 7H/m, is space permeability;I is the electric current for flowing through coil;W, I, 2d, 2e are definite Constant, h, i, j, m2、n2For design parameter;H is the 11st coil B3With the tenth two coil B4The half spacing of spacing 2h;I is Nine coil B2With the tenth coil B5The half spacing of spacing 2i;J is the 7th coil B1With the 8th coil B6Between the half of spacing 2j Away from;E is the half length of side of square coil length of long sides 2e;D is the half length of side of square coil length of short sides 2d;Z is on axis one Point is independent variable to the distance of coil group center O.
The horizontal coil number of turn and spacing determine by the following method:Zero is equal to each even number order derivative of Z in above formula When, the magnetic field inside coil group is most uniform, and it is a small amount of to ignore high-order, when 2,4,6,8,10 order derivatives are equal to zero, in coil group The magnetic field in portion has sufficiently high degree of homogenization, can meet requirement of the optical pumped magnetometer to the complementary field uniformity well. Above-mentioned all-order derivative is asked for, and then determines 2h, 2i, 2j, m between each coil2、n2Correlation is as follows, applicable elements:55mm< 2d<75mm、140mm<2e<200mm:
2h is 0.33844d+0.00022e;
2i is 1.12888d+0.00074e;
2j is 2.70956d-0.0204e;
m2For 4.4;
n2For 1.39;
From such scheme, the turn ratio between spacing and each square coil inside coil group between each coil is equal With coil size(Radius or the length of side)It is related.Each parameter of coil group is specific as follows:
1st, circular coil group:
The uniform magnetic field for choose appropriate coil radius R according to the principle slightly larger than probe diameter, establishing needed for is strong The selected coil group of degree most two coils in inner side, i.e.,:5th loop A3With the 6th loop A4Number of turn w, according to relational expression:
2a is 0.32510610R;
2b is 1.07401394R;
2c is 2.38786748R;
m1For 3.4551667;
n1For 1.3477373;
Determine the 5th loop A3With the 6th loop A4Spacing 2a, tertiary coil A2With the 4th loop A5Spacing 2b, first Loop A1With the second loop A6Spacing 2c, first coil A1With the second loop A6Number of turn m1W, tertiary coil A2With the 4th coil A5Number of turn n1w。
I.e.:Two the 5th loop As of circular coil of inner side3With the 6th loop A4Spacing 2a be 0.3251061R;Secondary out conductor Enclose tertiary coil A2With the 5th A of inner coil3The turn ratio n of coil1For 1.3477373, secondary two coil tertiary coil A in outside2 With the 4th loop A5The number of turn be 1.3477373w, tertiary coil A2With the 4th loop A5Spacing 2b be 1.07401394R;Most Outer coil first coil A1With the 5th loop A of inner coil3Turn ratio m1For 3.4551667, outermost two coils One loop A1, the second loop A6The number of turn be 3.4551667w, first coil A1With the second loop A6Spacing 2c be 2.38786748R。
2nd, square coil group:
Coil length of short sides, length of long sides are first determined according to the principle slightly larger than probe length and the diameter of circular coil group, Most inner coil, i.e. the 11st coil B are selected according to the homogeneous field strength of required foundation3With the tenth two coil B4Number of turn W, Suitable for common optical pumped magnetometer probe scope 55mm<2d<75mm、140mm<2e<In 200mm, according to relational expression:
2h is 0.33844d+0.00022e;
2i is 1.12888d+0.00074e;
2j is 2.70956d-0.0204e;
m2For 4.4;
n2For 1.39;
Determine the 11st coil B3With the tenth two coil B4Spacing 2h, the 9th coil B2With the tenth coil B5Spacing 2i, 7th coil B1With the 8th coil B6Spacing 2j, the 7th coil B1With the 8th coil B6Number of turn m2W, the 9th coil B2With the tenth Coil B5Number of turn n2w。
I.e.:Two the 11st coil B of square coil of inner side3With the tenth two coil B4Spacing 2h be 0.33844d+ 0.00022e;Secondary the 9th coil B of outer coil2With the 11st coil B of inner coil3Turn ratio n2For 1.39, secondary two, outside The 9th coil B of coil2With the tenth coil B5The number of turn be 1.39w, secondary two the 9th coil B of coil in outside2With the tenth two coil B5 Spacing 2i be 1.12888d+0.00074e;The 7th coil B of outermost lateral coil1With the 11st coil B of inner coil3Turn ratio m2For 4.4, the 7th coil B of outermost two coils1, the 8th coil B6The number of turn be 4.4w, two the 7th lines of coil of outermost Enclose B1With the 8th coil B6Spacing 2j be 2.70956d-0.0204e.
The further preferred scheme of the utility model is:Circular coil group coil diameter is 58~68mm, innermost two The 5th loop A of coil3With the 6th loop A4Spacing 2a is 9.43 ~ 11.06mm, two coil tertiary coil A in secondary outside2With Four loop As5Spacing 2b is 31.15 ~ 6.52mm, outermost two coil first coils A1With the second loop A6Spacing 2c is 69.25 ~ 81.19mm, first coil A1, tertiary coil A2With the 5th loop A3Between the number of turn be respectively 3 circles, 4 circles and 10 circles.It is excellent The square coil length of short sides of choosing is 62~72mm, and length of long sides is 145~198mm, the 11st line of innermost two coils Enclose B3With the tenth two coil B4Spacing 2h is 10.52~12.20mm, two the 9th coil B of coil in secondary outside2With the tenth coil B5Spacing 2i is 35.08~40.70mm, the 7th coil B of outermost two coils1With the 8th coil B6Spacing 2j for 81.93~ 96.03mm, the 7th coil B1, the 9th coil B2With the 11st coil B3Between the number of turn be respectively 5 circles, 7 circles and 22 circles.
Vertical coil group and horizontal coil group described in the utility model are respectively symmetrical by 6, and size is identical, mutually flat OK, the coil turn coaxial coil different with spacing is equidirectional is composed in series, and each hub of a spool point line is each perpendicular to respective Coil plane.
The preferred solution of the utility model is as follows:
One of preferred solution provided by the utility model:The diameter of probe is 64mm, and length is 141mm, 6 vertical coils Distribution up and down, 6 vertical coil diameters are 68mm, wherein the 5th loop A3With the 6th loop A4The number of turn be 3 circles, spacing For 11.06mm, tertiary coil A2With the 4th loop A5The number of turn be 4 circles, spacing 36.52mm, first coil A1With the second line Enclose A6The number of turn be 10 circles, spacing 81.19mm, the bond length of 6 horizontal coils is 72mm, and long edge lengths are 145mm, 11st coil B in coil3With the tenth two coil B4The number of turn be 5 circles, spacing 12.20mm, the 9th coil B2With the tenth line Enclose B5The number of turn be 7 circles, spacing 40.70mm, the 7th coil B1With the 8th coil B6The number of turn be that 22 circles, spacing are 96.03mm, the probe for being cased with coil are vertically installed in the middle part of the crossbeam above telescope holder.
The two of preferred solution provided by the utility model:The diameter of probe is 63mm, and length is 160mm, 6 vertical coils Distribution up and down, 6 a diameter of 66mm of vertical coil, wherein the 5th loop A3With the 6th loop A4The number of turn be that 3 circles, spacing are 10.73mm tertiary coil A2With the 4th loop A5The number of turn be 4 circles, spacing 35.44mm, first coil A1With the second coil A6The number of turn be 10 circles, spacing 78.80mm, the bond lengths of 6 horizontal coils is 70mm, and long edge lengths are 164mm, line 11st coil B in circle3With the tenth two coil B4The number of turn be 5 circles, spacing 11.87mm, the 9th coil B2With the tenth coil B5The number of turn be 7 circles, spacing 39.61mm, the 7th coil B1With the 8th coil B6The number of turn be that 22 circles, spacing are 93.00mm, the probe for being cased with coil are vertically installed in the middle part of the crossbeam above telescope holder.
The three of preferred solution provided by the utility model:The diameter of probe is 55mm, and length is 195mm, 6 vertical coils Distribution up and down, 6 a diameter of 58mm of vertical coil, wherein the 5th loop A3With the 6th loop A4The number of turn be that 3 circles, spacing are 9.43mm, tertiary coil A2With the 4th loop A5The number of turn be 4 circles, spacing 31.15mm, first coil A1With the second coil A6The number of turn be 10 circles, spacing 69.25mm, the bond lengths of 6 horizontal coils is 62mm, and long edge lengths are 198mm, line 11st coil B in circle3With the tenth two coil B4The number of turn be 5 circles, spacing 10.52mm, the 9th coil B2With the tenth coil B5The number of turn be 7 circles, spacing 35.08mm, the 7th coil B1With the 8th coil B6The number of turn be that 22 circles, spacing are 81.93mm, the probe for being cased with coil are vertically installed at the side of telescope holder.
It is provided by the utility model further scheme be:Power supply and geomagnetic total field optical pumped magnetometer are separately mounted to tripod Supporting leg on, on tripod install earth magnetism vector observation platform, probe be fixed on telescope holder centre or be fixed on The sidepiece of telescope holder.The specific installation distribution of various structures, can make the utility model reach small, easy to carry, make With conveniently, quick measurement reaches high certainty of measurement and other effects.
The further preferred solution of the utility model is:Bottom plate is set on tripod, bottom plate with least two is inclined stretches Contracting bar one end is hinged, and the other end and the installing plate of telescopic rod are hinged, and install shaft and motor on installing plate respectively, and telescopic rod rotates The axis of axis is uniformly distributed, and turntable is set in shaft, and turntable periphery sets fixed tooth, gear, tooth are installed on the output shaft of motor Wheel is engaged with fixed tooth, is connected in the middle part of disk upper surface with earth magnetism vector observation platform, disk upper surface sidepiece installation level meter. It can make the utility model be suitable for various measurement geographical locations, various environment of surveying the topography, triangle when being further ensured that measurement Instrument on frame remains horizontality, the precision of measurement is further guaranteed, the preferred 3-6 of telescopic rod, It is evenly distributed on bottom plate surrounding.
Mounting plate on tripod described in the utility model, sets sucker between fixed plate and bottom plate, the top of sucker with Bottom plate connects, and the lower part of sucker is connected with fixed plate.These structures are further ensured that the convenience and precision of measurement.
The distribution for the coil being made of small coil group vertically and horizontally that the utility model uses is as shown in Figure 2.
The non-detailed description of the utility model is known technology.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. portable high-accuracy ground magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetometer, it is characterised in that:Including geomagnetic total field optical pumped magnetometer, ground Magnetic resultant field optical pumped magnetometer is connected with earth magnetism vector observation platform, installs telescope holder on earth magnetism vector observation platform, looks in the distance Telescope is installed, power supply is connected with geomagnetic total field optical pumped magnetometer, and coil group is sleeved on geomagnetic total field optical pumped magnetometer on mirror support Probe is exterior, and probe is installed on telescope holder positioned at the center of coil group, probe, and coil component is vertical coil group and water Flat coil group, power supply provide DC current for coil group, and the vertical coil group and horizontal coil group are respectively by 6 size phases Same, coaxial coil composition arranged in parallel, series aiding connection, 6 vertical coils are circular coil, and it is outer that circular coil is sleeved on probe Side, 6 horizontal coils are square coil, a short side of square coil on the end face of probe, square coil it is another One short side on another end face of probe, the long side of square coil be located at the outside of circular coil and with the length of probe Direction is parallel.
  2. A kind of 2. portable high-accuracy according to claim 1 ground magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetometer, it is characterised in that:First Line Enclose A1With the second loop A6The number of turn it is identical, spacing 2c is 2.38786748R;Tertiary coil A2With the 4th loop A5The number of turn is identical, Spacing 2b is 1.07401394R;5th loop A3With the 6th loop A4The number of turn is identical, and spacing 2a is 0.32510610R.
  3. A kind of 3. portable high-accuracy according to claim 1 ground magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetometer, it is characterised in that:7th line Enclose B1With the 8th coil B6The number of turn is identical, and spacing 2j is 2.70956d-0.0204e;9th coil B2With the tenth coil B5Number of turn phase Together, spacing 2i is 1.12888d+0.00074e;11st coil B3With the tenth two coil B4The number of turn is identical, and spacing 2h is 0.33844d+0.00022e。
  4. 4. a kind of portable high-accuracy according to claim 2 or claim 3 ground magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetometer, its feature It is:Circular coil diameter is 3~4 millimeters longer than probe diameter, square coil bond length 3~4 milli longer than circular coil diameter Rice, the length of square coil long side are 3~4 millimeters longer than probe length.
  5. 5. a kind of portable high-accuracy according to claim 2 or claim 3 ground magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetometer, its feature It is:The diameter of probe is 64mm, and length is 141mm, and 6 vertical coils are distributed up and down, and 6 vertical coil diameters are 68mm, wherein the 5th loop A3With the 6th loop A4The number of turn be 3 circles, spacing 11.06mm, tertiary coil A2With the 4th line Enclose A5The number of turn be 4 circles, spacing 36.52mm, first coil A1With the second loop A6The number of turn be that 10 circles, spacing are 81.19mm, the bond length of 6 horizontal coils is 72mm, and long edge lengths are 145mm, the 11st coil B in coil3With the tenth Two coil B4The number of turn be 5 circles, spacing 12.20mm, the 9th coil B2With the tenth coil B5The number of turn be that 7 circles, spacing are 40.70mm, the 7th coil B1With the 8th coil B6The number of turn be 22 circles, spacing 96.03mm.
  6. 6. a kind of portable high-accuracy according to claim 2 or claim 3 ground magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetometer, its feature It is:The diameter of probe is 63mm, and length is 160mm, and 6 vertical coils are distributed up and down, 6 a diameter of 66mm of vertical coil, Wherein the 5th loop A3With the 6th loop A4The number of turn be 3 circles, spacing 10.73mm, tertiary coil A2With the 4th loop A5's The number of turn is 4 circles, spacing 35.44mm, first coil A1With the second loop A6The number of turn be 10 circles, spacing 78.80mm, 6 The bond length of a horizontal coil is 70mm, and long edge lengths are 164mm, the 11st coil B in coil3With the tenth two coil B4's The number of turn is 5 circles, spacing 11.87mm, the 9th coil B2With the tenth coil B5The number of turn be 7 circles, spacing 39.61mm, Seven coil B1With the 8th coil B6The number of turn be 22 circles, spacing 93.00mm.
  7. 7. a kind of portable high-accuracy according to claim 2 or claim 3 ground magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetometer, its feature It is:The diameter of probe is 55mm, and length is 195mm, and 6 vertical coils are distributed up and down, 6 a diameter of 58mm of vertical coil, Wherein the 5th loop A3With the 6th loop A4The number of turn be 3 circles, spacing 9.43mm, tertiary coil A2With the 4th loop A5's The number of turn is 4 circles, spacing 31.15mm, first coil A1With the second loop A6The number of turn be 10 circles, spacing 69.25mm, 6 The bond length of a horizontal coil is 62mm, and long edge lengths are 198mm, the 11st coil B in coil3With the tenth two coil B4's The number of turn is 5 circles, spacing 10.52mm, the 9th coil B2With the tenth coil B5The number of turn be 7 circles, spacing 35.08mm, Seven coil B1With the 8th coil B6The number of turn be 22 circles, spacing 81.93mm.
  8. A kind of 8. portable high-accuracy according to claim 1 ground magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetometer, it is characterised in that:Power supply and Geomagnetic total field optical pumped magnetometer is separately mounted on the supporting leg of tripod, and earth magnetism vector observation platform, probe are installed on tripod It is fixed on the centre of telescope holder upper cross-beam or is fixed on the sidepiece of telescope holder.
  9. A kind of 9. portable high-accuracy according to claim 7 ground magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetometer, it is characterised in that:Tripod Upper setting bottom plate, bottom plate are hinged with the inclined telescopic rod one end of at least two, and the other end and the installing plate of telescopic rod are hinged, installation Shaft and motor are installed respectively, the axis of telescopic rod around the shaft is uniformly distributed, and turntable is set in shaft, and turntable periphery is set on plate Tooth is fixed, gear is installed on the output shaft of motor, gear is engaged with fixed tooth, put down in the middle part of disk upper surface with earth magnetism vector observation Platform connects, disk upper surface sidepiece installation level meter.
  10. A kind of 10. portable high-accuracy according to claim 8 ground magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetometer, it is characterised in that:Triangle Mounting plate on frame, sets sucker between fixed plate and bottom plate, the top of sucker is connected with bottom plate, the lower part of sucker and fixed plate Connection.
CN201721071052.3U 2017-08-25 2017-08-25 A kind of portable high-accuracy ground magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetometer Active CN207352185U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721071052.3U CN207352185U (en) 2017-08-25 2017-08-25 A kind of portable high-accuracy ground magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetometer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721071052.3U CN207352185U (en) 2017-08-25 2017-08-25 A kind of portable high-accuracy ground magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetometer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207352185U true CN207352185U (en) 2018-05-11

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201721071052.3U Active CN207352185U (en) 2017-08-25 2017-08-25 A kind of portable high-accuracy ground magnetic vector longitude and latitude magnetometer

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN207352185U (en)

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