CN207344652U - Forestry stand tending slashes branch cutting machine - Google Patents

Forestry stand tending slashes branch cutting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207344652U
CN207344652U CN201720544699.7U CN201720544699U CN207344652U CN 207344652 U CN207344652 U CN 207344652U CN 201720544699 U CN201720544699 U CN 201720544699U CN 207344652 U CN207344652 U CN 207344652U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
branch
cutter head
forestry
cut
cutting machine
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201720544699.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
俞国胜
丰超
陈忠加
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Beijing Forestry University
Original Assignee
Beijing Forestry University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Beijing Forestry University filed Critical Beijing Forestry University
Priority to CN201720544699.7U priority Critical patent/CN207344652U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN207344652U publication Critical patent/CN207344652U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

A kind of forestry stand tending slashes branch cutting machine, belongs to agriculture and forestry field of mechanical technique;By branch square-cut, as a kind of preparatory processing method of biomass utilization, feed, fuel and biofermentation may be used as.Principal organ is turned off machine host, including toggle, feed arrangement, reducing gear and babinet.Branch enters from hopper, branch is forced into feed inlet by rolling through twin pressure roller, the rotating speed of pressure roller is higher than the speed that cutter head declines, branch can be withstood on the baffle at cutter head rear before cut-out every time, toggle is by the straight reciprocating motion for being converted into cutter head of motor, by branch customized cut-off.The position of bed plate can adjust, and in order to be optimal cut-out effect, can adjust the gap of bed plate and cutter head cutting edge.

Description

Forestry stand tending slashes branch cutting machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to forestry machinery to manufacture and design field, and the branch after being cut mainly for shrub is carried out at customized cut-off Reason.
Background technology
For the processing of shrub stubble flattening stand tending slashes branch energy, the branch after processing may be used as biomass fuel. Branch can be carried out square-cut by forestry stand tending slashes branch cutting machine, and isometric branch section can be directly as biomass Fuel, compared with biological substance shaped granule fuel, has the advantages that processing is simple, and working process energy consumption is low, and productivity is high.
Utility model content
The purpose of the invention is to carry out desert shrub into preliminary working process, is processed as the shrub branch section of equal length, Used as biomass fuel or feed.The invention of this cutting machine is relatively low with power consumption of polymer processing, and efficient, universal performance is strong, can To adapt to the various directly wooden branches of 30mm once.
The main organic frame 1 of design, decelerator 2 and cut-out machine host 4 of this cutting machine:
Rack 1 is horizontal positioned, for installing decelerator 2 and cut-out machine host 4.Decelerator 2 and motor 3 framves are installed to be commonly mounted in rack 1.There is elongated slot respectively in motor installation rack 3 and rack 1, for adjusting deceleration electric Machine 4 is in horizontal and vertical position;The other end installation cut-out machine host 4 of rack 1.The installation position of rack 1 is equipped with through hole, uses Link together in by cut-out machine host 4.Rack 1 one shares six supporting legs, and each supporting leg bottom has bolt to be used to adjust machine Frame 1 and the Support Position on ground, make whole equipment keep stablizing.
Cutting off machine host 4 mainly includes toggle, feed arrangement, reducing gear and babinet composition:
Toggle includes the parts such as main shaft, connecting rod 6, tool apron link earrings 7, tool apron 8, cutter head 9.Main shaft has two Group, on the bearing of babinet, entering spindle 5-1 of one of main shaft as cut-out machine host 4, another is as charging The power output main shaft 5-2 of mechanism.Two groups of main shafts are by hexagon slotted nut and turn axis 12 and link together.6 both ends of connecting rod add Work becomes the form of bearing block, and its one end is connected with turning the outer ring of 12 upper bearing (metal) of axis, the other end and 11 upper bearing (metal) of tool apron connecting pin Outer ring connection;Tool apron connecting lug 7 is connected with tool apron 8 by axis pin 10, it is contemplated that and cutter head 9 is wear part, therefore by knife First 9 separate with tool apron 8, are bolted, and facilitate the replacement of cutter head 9.Wherein turn axis 12, connecting rod 6 and tool apron connecting lug 7 Connected by bearing, to ensure the brace and connecting rod framework symmetry after part installation, the needs of bearing, which are installed on, turns axis 12 and knife On the specific location of seat connecting pin 11, turning on axis 12 and tool apron connecting pin 11 has shaft block ring to position the position of bearing;
Feed arrangement is divided into feed hopper, upper pressure roller 17 and lower compression roller 14.Between the lower connecting plate 13 and horizontal line of feed hopper There is 30 ° of angle, cutter head 9, which chamfers branch, can reduce cutting force.Feed hopper lower part is equipped with positive feed device, upper pressure roller 17 be driven voller, and the axis at upper 17 both ends of pressure roller and 14 both ends of lower compression roller has tension spring 16 to tense;Lower compression roller 14 is driving wheel, is pushed Roller input shaft is provided with lower compression roller belt wheel 15 and is connected by belt with the output shaft end of retarder 23, lower compression roller 14 in the course of work Branch positive feed can be driven.
Babinet is composed of polylith steel plate.The preceding boxboard 25 of babinet has charging hole and axis hole, and rearing-box plate 18 has axis hole, Inside is provided with bed plate 20 and bed plate frame 22.There is bolt hole on rearing-box plate 18, for fixing bed plate frame 22 and adjusting bed plate 20 With the gap of cutter head;Guide rail 19 is installed, cutter head 9 can be slided along guide rail 19 inside two side plates of babinet.Wherein side Side plate on be equipped with deceleration rack 24 and retarder 23.Multiple vast sky are machined with retarder frame 24, can laterally and The position of longitudinally adjust retarder 23, for being tensioned retarder 23 and lower compression roller belt wheel and the belt of primary shaft belt pulley.
Cutting machine has two parts executing agency, toggle and feeding mechanism.Dynamic biography is needed between two mechanisms Defeated mutual cooperation.The movement of cutter head 9 belongs to linear reciprocating motion, has periodically;The movement of lower compression roller 14 is continuous turns It is dynamic., it is necessary to which branch reaches the position of baffle 21 within the half period of 9 backhaul of cutter head.Pressure roller is must take into consideration when therefore designing most The linear velocity of outer rim must work in coordination with the cut-out campaign of cutter head 9, ensure the branch length of cut-out close to isometric.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model axonometric schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the utility model toggle axonometric drawing;
Fig. 3 is the axonometric drawing of the utility model feed arrangement;
Fig. 4 is the axonometric drawing of the utility model reducing gear and babinet;
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and reference numeral, which is illustrated.
Embodiment one:
For feed arrangement by the way of positive feed, feed hopper is up big and down small.Feed hopper lower connecting plate 13 and horizontal direction 30 ° of angle, branch beveling can reduce the shearing force that cutter head 9 cuts off branch, and then reduce the abrasion of cutter head 9.Branch be put into Hopper, lower compression roller 14 rotate between actively bringing branch into upper lower compression roller, complete to force automatic feed.Upper pressure roller is from dynamic pressure Roller, lower compression roller 14 are initiative compression roller, and there is tension spring 16 at upper lower compression roller both ends, and the surface of pressure roller is printed on annular knurl and is used for increasing friction Power.
The circular motion of motor is converted to periodic straight lines movement, tool apron 8 and cutter head 9 along guide rail 19 by toggle Linear motion.Cutter head 9 is main wearing part, replaces for convenience, tool apron 8 and cutter head 9 are separated, and it is fixed that tool apron 8 plays support The effect of position, cutter head 9 are cut off.The knife edge part of cutter head 9 is machined with 5 ° of cutting edge inclination, can be successively when it is moved downward Branch is cut off, for reducing impact force.

Claims (6)

1. forestry stand tending slashes branch cutting machine, its feature include, the rack (1) of cutting machine, horizontally disposed, rack (1) is used In fixing and supporting whole cutting machine, decelerator (2) and cut-out machine host (4) are installed thereon;Cut off in machine host (4) Mainly there is toggle in portion, circular motion is converted to the linear reciprocating motion of cutter head, for cutting off branch;Cutter head (9) The movement side that bed plate (20) coordinates cutter head (9), guide rail (19) limitation cutter head (9) and tool apron (8) is connected with tool apron (8) with bolt To;Feed arrangement is installed on the feed inlet of cut-out machine host (4), by being bolted, is broadly divided into feed hopper and positive feed dress Put;The lower connecting plate (13) of feed hopper presss from both sides 30 degree of angles with horizontal direction, and feed inlet bottom is used to force equipped with twin pressure roller mechanism Charging, upper pressure roller (17) are driven wheel, and lower compression roller (14) is driving wheel, and two roller surfaces are printed on annular knurl, and with tension spring (16) Tense, rub for increasing, compress branch.
2. forestry stand tending slashes branch cutting machine as claimed in claim 1, the power transmission of device is from decelerator (2) Power is passed to by entering spindle (5-1) by belt, output main shaft (5-2) is rotated passes to retarder (23) by power, through over-subtraction Fast device (23) is slowed down, and transmission direction is changed 90 °, and lower compression roller (14) positive feed of feed arrangement is driven by belt.
3. forestry stand tending slashes branch cutting machine as claimed in claim 1, the toggle are turned off machine , mainly there is an entering spindle (5-1) in principal organ, output main shaft (5-2), connecting rod (6) and for cutting off the tool apron of branch (8) and knife Head (9);Main shaft is driven by decelerator (2) by belt.
4. forestry stand tending slashes branch cutting machine as claimed in claim 1, bed plate (20) is installed below cutter head (9), Cut-out quality is improved by adjusting the gap of bed plate (20) edge and cutter head (9) blade;In order to reduce cutter head (9) blade by Power, is designed with cutting edge inclination at blade, it is possible to achieve cut off branch successively.
5. forestry stand tending slashes branch cutting machine as claimed in claim 1, the feed hopper shape of feed arrangement is rectangular pyramid, Feeding funnel bottom part is provided with positive feed device;In positive feed device, lower compression roller (14) is driving wheel, and retarder (23) passes through Power is passed to lower compression roller (14) by belt;Upper pressure roller (17) is driven wheel, two roller surface annular knurls, and tension spring (16) is leaned between pressure roller Tense and improve frictional force, drive branch to enter feed inlet.
6. forestry stand tending slashes branch cutting machine as claimed in claim 1, connecting rod (6) and tool apron (8) are connected using tool apron Earrings (7) is assemblied in same working face, and toggle is during the work time in order not to being moved through tool apron (8) Shift deformation in journey, in the biside plate installation guide rail (19) of babinet, the movement of limitation cutter head (9) and tool apron (8).
CN201720544699.7U 2017-05-17 2017-05-17 Forestry stand tending slashes branch cutting machine Expired - Fee Related CN207344652U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720544699.7U CN207344652U (en) 2017-05-17 2017-05-17 Forestry stand tending slashes branch cutting machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720544699.7U CN207344652U (en) 2017-05-17 2017-05-17 Forestry stand tending slashes branch cutting machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207344652U true CN207344652U (en) 2018-05-11

Family

ID=62362422

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201720544699.7U Expired - Fee Related CN207344652U (en) 2017-05-17 2017-05-17 Forestry stand tending slashes branch cutting machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN207344652U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110587678A (en) * 2019-10-18 2019-12-20 山东大学 Flexible material cutting and supplying device and granulating system
CN111990070A (en) * 2020-08-24 2020-11-27 龙岩市企信工业设计有限公司 Feeding device of forestry tending branch cut-off machine
CN112616466A (en) * 2021-01-11 2021-04-09 上海岛茵智能科技有限公司 Agricultural branch grafting machine

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110587678A (en) * 2019-10-18 2019-12-20 山东大学 Flexible material cutting and supplying device and granulating system
CN110587678B (en) * 2019-10-18 2020-12-25 山东大学 Flexible material cutting and supplying device and granulating system
CN111990070A (en) * 2020-08-24 2020-11-27 龙岩市企信工业设计有限公司 Feeding device of forestry tending branch cut-off machine
CN112616466A (en) * 2021-01-11 2021-04-09 上海岛茵智能科技有限公司 Agricultural branch grafting machine

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180511

Termination date: 20210517