CN207324997U - A kind of prebreaker - Google Patents

A kind of prebreaker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207324997U
CN207324997U CN201721163064.9U CN201721163064U CN207324997U CN 207324997 U CN207324997 U CN 207324997U CN 201721163064 U CN201721163064 U CN 201721163064U CN 207324997 U CN207324997 U CN 207324997U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotor
casing
prebreaker
rotors
driving
Prior art date
Application number
CN201721163064.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蒋经发
陈新准
Original Assignee
广东隽诺环保科技股份有限公司
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Publication date
Application filed by 广东隽诺环保科技股份有限公司 filed Critical 广东隽诺环保科技股份有限公司
Priority to CN201721163064.9U priority Critical patent/CN207324997U/en
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Publication of CN207324997U publication Critical patent/CN207324997U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of prebreaker, belong to crushing plant field, including casing, be arranged on and be used for the rack, the crushing mechanism being placed in casing and the driving mechanism for driving crushing mechanism that support casing below casing;Crushing mechanism includes multiple rotors being arranged side by side;The both ends of multiple rotors are articulated on the madial wall of casing and can relatively rotate;Multiple moving knife components are mounted on each rotor;In any two adjacent rotors, multiple moving knife component positions of a wherein rotor and multiple moving knife components of another rotor are alternately arranged along the axial direction of rotor, it can be realized to the rapid disassembling of entire bundle material and broken, improved discharging efficiency, mitigated the burden to equipment.

Description

A kind of prebreaker

Technical field

It the utility model is related to a kind of crushing plant, more particularly to a kind of prebreaker.

Background technology

At present, the existing plastic foil/woven bag/cloth before processing of in the market is the state of entire bundle packing, for entire bundle Or material in stripes, crumbling method main at present is that it is directly crushed using the rotor of major diameter, by rotor The cutter of setting, coordinates the stationary knife on crusher body to complete cutting to material broken.

But there are following defect for existing crushing plant:

When being crushed by major diameter rotor to the strip-shaped materials of entire bundle, it is desirable to by manually being solved in advance to material Tie up, the strip-shaped materials of entire bundle are unbinded to break and uniformly knocks down crushing plant again and is crushed, the mode of this broken strip-shaped materials Not only cost of labor is excessive, and a crushing plant at least needs to be equipped with more than two workers and the work such as carries out tearing material open, feeds intake respectively Sequence, and so directly broken discharging efficiency is low, rotor load is big, high energy consumption, pair and its continued reliability influence on system operation Greatly.

Utility model content

For overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of prebreaker, realize to entire bundle The rapid disassembling of material and broken, improves discharging efficiency, mitigates the burden to equipment.

The purpose of this utility model adopts the following technical scheme that realization:

A kind of prebreaker, including casing, be arranged on below the casing be used to supporting the rack of the casing, be placed in it is described Crushing mechanism in casing and the driving mechanism for driving the crushing mechanism;The crushing mechanism is set side by side including multiple The rotor put;The both ends of each multiple rotors are articulated on the madial wall of the casing and can relatively rotate;The rotor On be mounted on multiple moving knife components;In any two adjacent rotors, wherein multiple moving knife components of a rotor with Multiple moving knife components of another rotor are alternately arranged along the axial direction of the rotor.

Further, stationary knife component tangent with the moving knife component of multiple rotors respectively is equipped with the casing.

Further, the stationary knife component include split the casing both sides side stationary knife and be arranged on any two-phase Middle stationary knife between the adjacent rotor;The side stationary knife is respectively positioned at the casing both sides parallel with multiple rotors On wall;The two side stationary knifes favour horizontal plane and towards the rotor respectively, and tangent with the rotor outer circumferential surface.

Further, multiple moving knife components are spaced along the radial direction of the rotor;Multiple movable cutter sets Part annular array is in the outer circumferential surface of the rotor.

Further, the moving knife component includes mounting base and two crushing cutters;Multiple mounting bases are described in The radial direction of rotor is spaced and annular array is in the outer circumferential surface of the rotor;Two crushing cutters are separately mounted to institute State the both sides of mounting base.

Further, the crushing cutter has blade, and two blades are towards on the contrary, the line of two blades is vertical In the central axis of the rotor.

Further, the driving mechanism quantity is corresponding with the rotor;Multiple rotors and the driving mechanism Correspond and be drivingly connected, multiple driving mechanisms can drive multiple rotor forward or reverse respectively;The driving machine Structure includes motor, transmission mechanism and retarder;The slow-speed shaft of the retarder and the rotor are coaxially connected, the retarder High speed shaft pass through the output shaft of the transmission mechanism and the motor and be sequentially connected;The motor is arranged in the rack.

Further, the top and bottom of the casing is respectively equipped with the feeding port connected with the casing internal and row Material mouth;The outer rim of the feeding port is provided with the hopper connected with the casing internal, and the opening at the top of the hopper is more than institute State feeding port.

Further, the outside of the casing is equipped with the material pressing device for being used for that multiple rotor surfaces to be carried out with binder.

Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:

By being relatively rotated between multiple rotors, the moving knife component set on multiple rotors is coordinated to make the material of entire bundle more Material is easier to be torn and is broken by the moving knife component of multiple relative rotations between a rotor, without before material is launched first By manually unbinding, crushing efficiency is improved, hand labor cost is reduced, by the relative rotation between rotor, makes entire bundle material Unbind and break automatically after prebreaker is put into, reduce crew numbers and improve worker that prebreaker to be equipped with Security.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the utility model prebreaker topology view (removal hopper);

Fig. 2 is the A portions enlarged view of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is the utility model prebreaker top view (removal hopper);

Fig. 4 is the utility model prebreaker topology view;

Fig. 5 is the utility model prebreaker top view;

Fig. 6 is the A-A sectional views of Fig. 5.

In figure:10th, casing;20th, rack;30th, crushing mechanism;40th, driving mechanism;11st, side stationary knife;12nd, middle stationary knife;31、 First rotor;32nd, the second rotor;33rd, moving knife component;331st, mounting base;332nd, crushing cutter;3321st, triangle cylinder; 3322nd, blade;40th, driving mechanism;41st, motor;42nd, transmission mechanism;43rd, retarder;50th, hopper;60th, material pressing device;61st, prop up Support;62nd, hydraulic cylinder;63rd, holding pad;64th, link;631st, binder end;632nd, drive end;65th, the first hinge axes;66、 Second hinge axes.

Embodiment

In the following, with reference to attached drawing and embodiment, the utility model is described further, it is necessary to explanation is, On the premise of not colliding, it can be formed in any combination between various embodiments described below or between each technical characteristic new Embodiment.

As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 3-6, in order to improve, to entire bundle film material/woven bag/cloth etc., easily material crushes into strips Efficiency, the utility model provide a kind of prebreaker, which includes casing 10, is arranged on the lower section of casing 10 for supporting casing 10 rack 20, the crushing mechanism 30 being placed in casing 10 and the driving mechanism 40 for driving crushing mechanism 30;Crusher Structure 30 includes multiple rotors being arranged side by side;The both ends of multiple rotors are articulated on the madial wall of casing 10 and opposite can turn It is dynamic, it is preferred that multiple roller's diameters are identical, and the mutual axial connecting line of multiple rotors is parallel to horizontal plane;On each rotor It is mounted on multiple moving knife components 33;In any two adjacent rotors, wherein multiple moving knife components 33 of a rotor and another knife Multiple moving knife components 33 of roller are alternately arranged along the axial direction of rotor.

In this example, rotor is two, respectively the first rotor 31 and the second rotor 32, the first rotor 31 and the second knife 32 diameter of roller is identical, and the axial connecting line of the first rotor 31 and the second rotor 32 is parallel to horizontal plane.It is placed in the first rotor 31 Multiple moving knife components 33 and it is placed in multiple moving knife components 33 of the second rotor 32 and is located at the axial direction of rotor and is alternately arranged.This During utility model use, driving mechanism 40 drives the first rotor 31 and the second rotor 32 to rotate, and is preferably the first rotor 31 and second rotor 32 turn on the contrary, driving the first rotor 31 and the moving knife component 33 of the second rotor 32 to relatively move, when whole The material of bundle is launched into after prebreaker, and multiple moving knife components 33 are rotating around the first rotor 31 and the circumferential phase of the second rotor 32 To rotating, to tear strip-shaped materials or strip-shaped materials surface is cut, by holding for the first rotor 31 and the second rotor 32 It is continuous to rotate, it is disassembled scattered so that strip-shaped materials are easier, reduces the cutting burden of single rotor, reduce energy consumption, reduce The process by manually being unbinded to entire bundle material is needed before broken, reduces hand labor cost, also obtains the safe of worker Guarantee is arrived.

In order to further improve material crushing efficiency, it is equipped with casing 10 tangent with the moving knife component 33 of multiple rotors respectively Stationary knife component.Moving knife component 33 is sheared under the drive of rotor with tangent formed to material of stationary knife component, the first rotor 31 with Moving knife component 33 on second rotor 32, which relatively rotates, to carry out entire bundle material after precrushing breaks, to pass through moving knife component 33 and stationary knife The tangent material to having broken of component carries out second-time breakage, improves the mass output rate of prebreaker, reduces rotor in broken material Burden.

As the preferred embodiment of such scheme, stationary knife component include split 10 both sides of casing side stationary knife 11 and The middle stationary knife 12 being arranged between any two adjacent rotors;Side stationary knife 11 is parallel with multiple rotors positioned at casing 10 respectively On two side;Multiple stationary knife components are by above-mentioned set-up mode, so that the both sides of rotor are equipped with stationary knife component, positioned at multiple knives The outermost side stationary knife 11 of roller is in order to improve cutting hardness, and side stationary knife 11 favours horizontal plane and towards rotor respectively, and and knife Roller outer circumferential surface is tangent.In this example, stationary knife 12 in being equipped with one between the first rotor 31 and the second rotor 32, the both sides point of middle stationary knife 12 Not She You it is multiple with the moving knife component 33 of the first rotor 31, the stationary knife hole of the 33 tangent cooperation of moving knife component of the second rotor 32;Position Side stationary knife 11 is respectively equipped with the outside of the first rotor 31 and the second rotor 32, due to the first rotor 31 and the second rotor 32 Outside is 10 madial wall of casing, therefore material one end can only be supported for moving knife component 33 by casing 10 in working angles on the outside Cutting, therefore, the first rotor 31 and the second rotor 32 is favoured by side stationary knife 11, makes to have between stationary knife component and moving knife component 33 There is certain cutting angle, reduce the cutting force needed for material cutting, reduce rotor cutting burden.

In order to further reduce the cutting of rotor burden, prebreaker energy consumption, footpath of multiple moving knife components 33 along rotor are reduced It is spaced to direction;Multiple 33 annular arrays of moving knife component are in the outer circumferential surface of rotor, footpath of multiple moving knife components 33 along rotor It is tangent with stationary knife component respectively successively to direction, avoid multiple moving knife components 33 while material is cut, reduce rotor and exist Burden during broken material, improves the service life of moving knife component 33, avoids rotor from causing stalling to be made because of cutting force deficiency Into the situation of overload shutdown.

As shown in Fig. 2, moving knife component 33 includes mounting base 331 and two crushing cutters 332;Multiple 331 edges of mounting base Rotor radial direction is spaced and annular array is in the outer circumferential surface of rotor;Two crushing cutters 332 are separately mounted to mounting base 331 Both sides;Crushing cutter 332 has a blade 3322, two blades 3322 towards on the contrary, the line of two blades 3322 perpendicular to rotor Central axis.

Preferably, crushing cutter 332 is rectangle, positioned at the orthographic projection direction of 332 side of crushing cutter, crushing cutter 332 332 width of front end face upper end edge crushing cutter be equipped with triangle cylinder 3321, the rear end face of triangle cylinder 3321 with The front end face of crushing cutter 332 overlaps, and the apex angle of triangle cylinder 3321 outwardly forms blade 3322.Pacify in crushing cutter 332 During dress, by opening up mounting hole on 332 surface of crushing cutter, the rectangle body portion of crushing cutter 332 is fixed on installation On seat 331, make blade 3322 towards as the side away from mounting base 331.

40 quantity of driving mechanism is corresponding with rotor, and rotor is divided into the first rotor 31 and the second rotor 32 in this example, therefore Driving mechanism 40 is that corresponding rotor quantity is two groups;Multiple rotors are corresponded with driving mechanism 40 and are drivingly connected, multiple drivings Mechanism 40 can drive multiple rotor forward or reverse respectively, realize that rotor can individually manipulate steering;Driving mechanism 40 includes motor 41st, transmission mechanism 42 and retarder 43, in this example, motor 41 is hydraulic electric motor, solve rotor one-directional rotation it is broken gather materials and The problem of conventional motor frequent rotating easy burn-out;The slow-speed shaft of retarder 43 and rotor are coaxially connected, the high speed of retarder 43 Axis is sequentially connected by the output shaft of transmission mechanism 42 and motor 41, and in this example, transmission mechanism 42 can be belt conveyor or defeated Chain is sent, so as to form V belt translation or chain drive between retarder 43 and motor 41;Motor 41 is arranged in rack 20, this implementation The diameter of rotor and the power of hydraulic electric motor are all higher than conventional crusher in example, improve broken dynamics.

In order to further reduce manually-operated labor intensity, the top and bottom of casing 10 be respectively equipped with casing 10 The feeding port and discharge gate of portion's connection;The outer rim of feeding port is provided with the hopper 50 connected with the inside of casing 10, and hopper 50 pushes up The opening in portion is more than feeding port.Worker can disposably launch substantial amounts of entire bundle material into prebreaker, pass through the material of full open type Bucket 50, can once cross and accumulate a large amount of materials on prebreaker, reduce hand labor intensity.

As shown in fig. 6, the outside of casing 10 is equipped with the material pressing device 60 for being used for that multiple rotor surfaces to be carried out with binder, this example In, material pressing device 60 includes supporting rack 61, hydraulic cylinder 62, holding pad 63 and link 64, and one end of holding pad 63 forms pressure Hopper 50 is simultaneously stretched into towards the first rotor 31 and the second rotor 32 in material end 631, the other end formation drive end 632 of holding pad 63, Drive end 632 and the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder 62 hingedly form the first hinge axes 65, cylinder body of the hydraulic cylinder 62 away from holding pad 63 One end and casing 10 it is hinged, one end of link 64 hingedly forms the second hinge axes 66 with the drive end 632 of holding pad 63, First hinge axes 65 stagger with the second hinge axes 66, and the other end of link 64 is hinged with supporting rack 61, and supporting rack 61 is solid Due on casing 10.By driving hydraulic cylinder 62 so that the binder end 631 of holding pad 63 away from or close to the first rotor 31 and Second rotor 32, makes material be pushed towards the first rotor 31 and 32 direction of the second rotor.

The above embodiment is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model, it is impossible to is protected with this to limit the utility model Scope, the change of any unsubstantiality that those skilled in the art is done on the basis of the utility model and replacing belongs to In the utility model scope claimed.

Claims (9)

  1. A kind of 1. prebreaker, it is characterised in that:
    Including casing, it is arranged on below the casing for supporting the rack of the casing, the crusher being placed in the casing Structure and the driving mechanism for driving the crushing mechanism;The crushing mechanism includes multiple rotors being arranged side by side;It is multiple The both ends of the rotor are articulated on the madial wall of the casing and can relatively rotate;It is mounted on each rotor multiple Moving knife component;In any two adjacent rotors, wherein multiple moving knife components of a rotor and another rotor Multiple moving knife components are alternately arranged along the axial direction of the rotor.
  2. 2. prebreaker as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is equipped with the casing dynamic with multiple rotors respectively The tangent stationary knife component of knife assembly.
  3. 3. prebreaker as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:The stationary knife component includes splitting in the casing both sides Side stationary knife and the middle stationary knife being arranged between any two adjacent rotors;The side stationary knife respectively positioned at the casing with On the parallel two side of multiple rotors;The two side stationary knifes favour horizontal plane and towards the rotor respectively, and with The rotor outer circumferential surface is tangent.
  4. 4. prebreaker as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Radial direction of multiple moving knife components along the rotor It is spaced;Multiple moving knife component annular arrays are in the outer circumferential surface of the rotor.
  5. 5. prebreaker as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:The moving knife component includes mounting base and two crushing cutters Tool;The radial direction of the multiple mounting base along the rotors is spaced and annular array is in the outer circumferential surface of the rotor;Two The crushing cutter is separately mounted to the both sides of the mounting base.
  6. 6. prebreaker as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:The crushing cutter has blade, the two blade directions On the contrary, central axis of the line of two blades perpendicular to the rotor.
  7. 7. prebreaker as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The driving mechanism quantity is corresponding with the rotor;It is more A rotor is corresponded with the driving mechanism and is drivingly connected, and multiple driving mechanisms can drive multiple knives respectively Roller forward or reverse;The driving mechanism includes motor, transmission mechanism and retarder;The slow-speed shaft of the retarder with it is described Rotor is coaxially connected, and the high speed shaft of the retarder is sequentially connected by the output shaft of the transmission mechanism and the motor;Institute Motor is stated to be arranged in the rack.
  8. 8. prebreaker as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The top and bottom of the casing is respectively equipped with and the machine The feeding port and discharge gate of connection inside shell;The outer rim of the feeding port is provided with the hopper connected with the casing internal, Opening at the top of the hopper is more than the feeding port.
  9. 9. prebreaker as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The outside of the casing, which is equipped with, to be used for multiple rotors Surface carries out the material pressing device of binder.
CN201721163064.9U 2017-09-11 2017-09-11 A kind of prebreaker CN207324997U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721163064.9U CN207324997U (en) 2017-09-11 2017-09-11 A kind of prebreaker

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721163064.9U CN207324997U (en) 2017-09-11 2017-09-11 A kind of prebreaker

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207324997U true CN207324997U (en) 2018-05-08

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ID=62372272

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201721163064.9U CN207324997U (en) 2017-09-11 2017-09-11 A kind of prebreaker

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN207324997U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109203305A (en) * 2018-09-21 2019-01-15 佛山迪骏自动化科技有限公司 A kind of waste plastic pipe crushing recyclable device
CN109201249A (en) * 2018-09-19 2019-01-15 江阴市广福机械有限公司 A kind of reinforcing bar breaking method and the reinforcing bar crushing plant using the breaking method
CN109351430A (en) * 2018-11-13 2019-02-19 姚燊 A kind of industrial crushing material machinery device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109201249A (en) * 2018-09-19 2019-01-15 江阴市广福机械有限公司 A kind of reinforcing bar breaking method and the reinforcing bar crushing plant using the breaking method
CN109203305A (en) * 2018-09-21 2019-01-15 佛山迪骏自动化科技有限公司 A kind of waste plastic pipe crushing recyclable device
CN109351430A (en) * 2018-11-13 2019-02-19 姚燊 A kind of industrial crushing material machinery device

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