CN207309486U - Clamping device - Google Patents

Clamping device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207309486U
CN207309486U CN201721093394.5U CN201721093394U CN207309486U CN 207309486 U CN207309486 U CN 207309486U CN 201721093394 U CN201721093394 U CN 201721093394U CN 207309486 U CN207309486 U CN 207309486U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sliding block
block
clamping
backup pad
workpiece
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Active
Application number
CN201721093394.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘利君
唐思敏
程品
程宝
张金朋
李传奇
穆永周
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Goertek Optical Technology Co Ltd
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Goertek Techology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201721093394.5U priority Critical patent/CN207309486U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of clamping device, including lower supporting plate, the upper backup pad being arranged in parallel with lower supporting plate, the cylinder that is fixed on lower supporting plate, and the limit base being arranged on upper backup pad, workpiece to be clamped are placed in limit base;Wherein, the second sliding block that the first sliding block is provided with cylinder and is bonded and is slidably connected with the first slider tilt, is fixed with horizontal pushing block on the second sliding block;Horizontal pushing block is fitted on upper backup pad, and positioned at the side of limit base, cylinder is used to drive the movement of the first sliding block in the vertical direction, and first the second sliding block of slipper push moves in the horizontal direction, and the second sliding block of horizontal movement drives horizontal pushing block by piece-holder in limit base.Using above-mentioned utility model, being accurately positioned to the workpiece of various shapes can be realized, apparatus structure is simple, occupies little space, is applied widely.

Description

Clamping device
Technical field
Technical field of mechanical processing is the utility model is related to, more specifically, is related to a kind of general clamping device of product.
Background technology
At present, the roughing for the blank material workpiece in machining industry positions, mainly using screw locking or Side is carried out by the cylinder that moves in the X-axis direction being arranged on lathe and pushes away clamping, the clamping effect unobvious of screw locking, and The positioning accuracy of workpiece is relatively low;And the clamping mode promoted using horizontal direction cylinder, then there are cylinder occupied space compared with Greatly, the problems such as clamping tool is complicated, overall processing cost is higher.
In addition, by the way of screw or X-axis cylinder side push away clamping, it is only capable of carrying out single workpiece spacing, workpiece dress Press from both sides that the time is long, expends a large amount of manpower and materials, cause that work pieces process efficiency is low, cycle length.
Utility model content
In view of the above problems, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of clamping device, is filled with solving current Workpiece clamping Put the problems such as complicated, workpiece positioning accuracy is poor, efficiency is low.
Clamping device provided by the utility model, including lower supporting plate, the upper backup pad, solid that is arranged in parallel with lower supporting plate The cylinder being scheduled on lower supporting plate, and the limit base being arranged on upper backup pad, workpiece to be clamped are placed in limit base; Wherein, the second sliding block that the first sliding block is provided with cylinder and is bonded and is slidably connected with the first slider tilt, second Horizontal pushing block is fixed with sliding block;Horizontal pushing block is fitted on upper backup pad, and positioned at the side of limit base, cylinder is used to drive First sliding block in the vertical direction moves, and first the second sliding block of slipper push moves in the horizontal direction, and the second of horizontal movement Sliding block drives horizontal pushing block by piece-holder in limit base.
Furthermore it is preferred that structure be to be provided with dovetail groove on the sliding block of the first sliding block/second, slided in the second sliding block/first The slide being adapted with dovetail groove is provided with block, slide is spacing to be slided in dovetail groove.
Furthermore it is preferred that structure be that the perforate for avoiding the second sliding block is provided with upper backup pad, the second sliding block is through opening Hole, and spacing moved in perforate.
Furthermore it is preferred that structure be to further include the block being fixed on upper backup pad;Wherein, block is four face closures two The frame-type structure of face opening, horizontal pushing block is spacing to move in block;When block is fixed on upper backup pad, the openend of block It is consistent with the clamping direction of workpiece.
Furthermore it is preferred that structure be that limit base includes the firm banking that is fixed on upper backup pad and is arranged on fixation Briquetting of the base away from horizontal pushing block one end;Workpiece is placed on firm banking, and clamp it is spacing briquetting and horizontal pushing block it Between.
Furthermore it is preferred that structure be that horizontal pushing block and briquetting are close to the end construction of workpiece one end and the shape phase of workpiece Adaptation.
Furthermore it is preferred that structure be to be fixedly connected between upper backup pad and lower supporting plate by support column.
Furthermore it is preferred that structure be that the first sliding block is fixedly connected by connecting rod with cylinder.
Furthermore it is preferred that structure be that the first sliding block and the second sliding block are respectively provided with one piece;Also, the first sliding block and second is slided Block is wedge structure, and the faying face of the first sliding block and the second sliding block is inclined plane.
Furthermore it is preferred that structure be, the first sliding block set one piece, the second sliding block set two pieces;The cross section of first sliding block For trapezium structure, the second sliding block is symmetricly set on two inclined-planes of the first sliding block;It is provided with upper backup pad and two The corresponding two horizontal pushing blocks of two sliding blocks and two limit bases.
It was found from technical solution above, the clamping device of the utility model, sets two sliding blocks for being mutually inclined fitting (including the first sliding block and second sliding block, similarly hereinafter), by the cooperation between two sliding blocks, the first sliding block is driven vertical by cylinder The displacement in direction is converted to the second sliding block and drives the displacement of horizontal pushing block in the horizontal direction, so as to reduce cylinder on operation console Occupied space, apparatus structure is simple, workpiece registration, cost are low, applied widely.
Brief description of the drawings
By reference to the explanation below in conjunction with attached drawing, and with the utility model is more fully understood, this practicality is new The other purposes and result of type will be more apparent and should be readily appreciated that.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the three-dimensional structure diagram according to the clamping device of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the profile according to the clamping device of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the partial perspective view according to the clamping device of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the partial side view according to the clamping device of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 5 is the profile according to the clamping device of another embodiment of the utility model.
Reference numeral therein includes:Cylinder 1, connecting rod 2, the first sliding block 3, the first sliding block 3 ', the second sliding block 4, second Sliding block 4 ', block 5, block 5 ', bolt 6, horizontal pushing block 7, horizontal pushing block 7 ', workpiece 8, workpiece 8 ', briquetting 9, briquetting 9 ', fixation Base 10, firm banking 10 ', upper backup pad 11, support column 12, lower supporting plate 13.
Identical label indicates similar or corresponding feature or function in all of the figs.
Embodiment
For the structure of the clamping device of the utility model is described in detail, below with reference to attached drawing to the specific of the utility model Embodiment is described in detail.
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 shows the stereochemical structure of the clamping device according to the utility model embodiment from different perspectives respectively And cross-section structure.
As Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 are jointly shown, the clamping device of the utility model embodiment, including lower supporting plate 13, with lower support Upper backup pad 11 that plate 13 is arranged in parallel, the cylinder 1 being fixed on lower supporting plate 13, and the limit being arranged on upper backup pad 11 Position seat, workpiece 8 to be clamped are placed in limit base;Wherein, be provided with cylinder 1 first sliding block 3 and with the first sliding block 3 The second sliding block 4 for being bonded and being slidably connected is tilted, horizontal pushing block 7 is fixed with the second sliding block 4;Horizontal pushing block 7 is fitted in In support plate 11, and positioned at the side of limit base, cylinder 1 is used to drive the movement of 3 in the vertical direction of the first sliding block, the first sliding block 3 the second sliding blocks 4 of promotion move in the horizontal direction, and the second sliding block 4 of horizontal movement drives horizontal pushing block 7 to be clamped in workpiece 8 In limit base, i.e., the cooperation by faying face for the first sliding block 3 and the second sliding block 4 of incline structure, first that cylinder 1 is driven The vertical motion of sliding block 3 or the movement along clamping device Z-direction, are converted into the second sliding block 4 and drive horizontal pushing block 7 in level Direction or the movement along clamping device X-direction, eventually through horizontal pushing block 7 by workpiece 8 clamp it is spacing with 8 structure of workpiece In the limit base being adapted.Wherein, the X-axis of clamping device, Y-axis and Z-direction are as shown in X-axis, Y-axis and Z axis coordinate in Fig. 2.
Specifically, Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 shows the office of the clamping device according to the utility model embodiment from different perspectives respectively Portion's stereochemical structure and partial side structure.
Jointly shown with reference to Fig. 1 to Fig. 4, in the clamping device of the embodiment of the present invention, cylinder 1 is vertically distributed in support Between plate 11 and lower supporting plate 13, the first sliding block 3 is fixedly connected by connecting rod 2 with cylinder 1.First sliding block 3 and the second sliding block 4 One piece is respectively provided with, and the first sliding block 3 and the second sliding block 4 are wedge structure, i.e. the faying face of the first sliding block 3 and the second sliding block 4 For inclined plane, the two is capable of the rectangular parallelepiped structure of formation rule;Wherein, dovetail groove is provided with the sliding block of the first sliding block/second, The slide being adapted with dovetail groove is provided with the sliding block of the second sliding block/first, slide is spacing to be slided in dovetail groove.
Specifically, when cylinder 1 drives the first sliding block 3 being moved up and down in the Z-direction of clamping device, due to the Two sliding blocks 4 are there are spacing in clamping device Z-direction, and in 3 motion process of the first sliding block, the second sliding block 4 can only be in slide With under the mutual cooperation of dovetail groove, being moved along the X-direction of clamping device, and then drive the transverse direction being fixed on the second sliding block 4 Pushing block 7 carries out side to workpiece 8 and pushes away, and the direction of arrow respectively illustrates horizontal pushing block 7, the first sliding block 3 and the second sliding block 4 in Fig. 4 The direction of motion.Since cylinder 1, the first sliding block 3 and the second sliding block 4 are arranged at the downside of upper backup pad 11, can effectively reduce Occupied space of the part-structure on upper backup pad 11, simplifies the clamping operation of workpiece.
Wherein, to realize that the second sliding block 4 is spacing in clamping device Z-direction so that the second sliding block 4 is only capable of in X-axis Displacement is produced on direction, the clamping device of the utility model embodiment, further includes the block 5 being fixed on upper backup pad 11;Its In, block 5 is the frame-type structure of four face closure two sides openings, and horizontal pushing block 7 is spacing to move in block 5;When block 5 is fixed on During upper backup pad 11, an opening of block 5 fits with upper backup pad 11, another openend of block 5 then folder with workpiece 8 Tight direction is consistent, so as to force the horizontal pushing block 7 being fixedly connected with the second sliding block 4 to be only capable of in the X-direction of clamping device To close to 8 one lateral movement of workpiece.
In addition, block 5 can be fixed on upper backup pad 11 by bolt 6, the interior spatial structure of block 5 is with laterally pushing away The structure of block 7 is adapted, and can prevent horizontal pushing block 7 from producing displacement on the Z axis of clamping device or Y direction, it is ensured that work The positional accuracy of part.
In an embodiment of the utility model, it is provided with upper backup pad 11 and avoids 4 He of the second sliding block The perforate of first sliding block 3, the second sliding block 4 are fixedly connected after passing through perforate with the horizontal pushing block 7 being fitted on upper backup pad 11, the Two sliding blocks 4 are spacing to move in perforate.Specifically, when cylinder 1 moves to the position away from upper backup pad 11 in the Z-axis direction When, 2 and first sliding block 3 of connecting rod moves downward, and the second sliding block 4 drives horizontal pushing block 7 away from limit base, at this time, operating personnel Workpiece 8 to be clamped can be placed in limit base, or the workpiece 8 after completion of processing is taken out out of limit base;Work as gas When cylinder 1 is moved to close to the position of upper backup pad 11 in the Z-axis direction, 2 and first sliding block 3 of connecting rod moves upwards, and second slides It is spacing in limit base that block 4 drives horizontal pushing block 7 to clamp workpiece 8.
Further, the limit base in the utility model includes the firm banking 10 being fixed on upper backup pad 11 and sets Put in briquetting 9 of the firm banking 10 away from horizontal 7 one end of pushing block;Workpiece 8 is placed on firm banking 10, and clamps spacing pressing Between block 9 and horizontal pushing block 7.Wherein, horizontal pushing block 7 and briquetting 9 are close to the end construction of 8 one end of workpiece and the shape of workpiece 8 It is adapted, for example, when workpiece 8 is regular rectangular parallelepiped structure, horizontal pushing block 7 and briquetting 9 can be set close to the end of 8 one end of workpiece The plane being vertically distributed is set to, when workpiece is the polymorphic structure with inclined plane or arcwall face, horizontal pushing block and briquetting lean on The end of nearly workpiece one end may be configured as inclined plane or the arcwall face being adapted with workpiece.
In another embodiment of the utility model, pass through several between upper backup pad 11 and lower supporting plate 13 Support column 12 is fixedly connected, and clamping device is simple in structure, convenient in carrying, can be clamped positioning to the workpiece of arbitrary shape.
Fig. 5 shows the cross-section structure of the clamping device according to another embodiment of the utility model.
As shown in figure 5, the clamping device in the embodiment, is also arranged in parallel including lower supporting plate 13, with lower supporting plate 13 Upper backup pad 11, the cylinder 1 that is fixed on lower supporting plate 13, and the limit base being arranged on upper backup pad 11 is to be clamped Workpiece 8 and workpiece 8 ' be placed in corresponding limit base;Wherein, the first sliding block 3 ' is provided with cylinder 1 and with first Sliding block 3 ' tilts fitting and the second sliding block 4 being slidably connected and the second sliding block 4 ' respectively, on the second sliding block 4 and the second sliding block 4 ' It is respectively fixed with horizontal pushing block 7, horizontal pushing block 7 ';Two horizontal pushing blocks (including horizontal pushing block 7 and horizontal pushing block 7 ') are bonded On upper backup pad 11, and positioned at the side of corresponding limit base, cylinder 1 is used to drive 3 ' in the vertical direction of the first sliding block fortune Dynamic, the first sliding block 3 ' promotes the second sliding block 4 and the second sliding block 4 ' to move in the horizontal direction, 4 He of the second sliding block of horizontal movement Second sliding block 4 ' drives horizontal pushing block 7 and horizontal pushing block 7 ' that workpiece 8 and workpiece 8 ' are clamped in corresponding limit base respectively.
Specifically, one piece of the first sliding block 3 ' setting, two pieces of the second sliding block setting (including the second sliding block 4 and the second sliding block 4’);The cross section of first sliding block 3 ' is trapezium structure, and two the second sliding blocks are symmetricly set on two inclined-planes of the first sliding block 3 ' On;Also, two corresponding with two the second sliding blocks horizontal pushing blocks and two limit bases are provided with upper backup pad 11. When cylinder 1 drives the movement of the first sliding block 3 ', the first sliding block 3 ' being capable of a second slide block movement of company of drive, the i.e. embodiment at the same time In clamping device can at the same time operation is clamped to two workpiece (workpiece 8 and workpiece 8 ').
Wherein, the block 5 ' being fixed on upper backup pad 11 closes the frame-type structure of open on three sides, two transverse directions for three side sealing The spacing movement in block 5 ' of pushing block;When block 5 ' is fixed on upper backup pad 11, the opening and upper backup pad of block 5 ' 11 fit, two other openend of block 5 ' is then consistent with the clamping direction of two workpiece, are slided so as to force with second The horizontal pushing block that block is fixedly connected is only capable of in the X-direction of clamping device to one lateral movement of workpiece close to respective side.
It should be noted that the combination of the other assemblies and inter-module in the embodiment, for example, 10 He of firm banking Firm banking 10 ', briquetting 9 and briquetting 9 ', connecting rod 2 etc., refer to the specific descriptions in embodiment, herein no longer one by one Repeat.
By the above embodiment as can be seen that clamping device provided by the utility model, can reduce to workpiece itself Required precision, cylinder is moved by Z axis and is realized to the horizontal clamping operation of workpiece, structure distribution rationally, occupy little space, work Part convenient mounting and clamping;Additionally it is possible to the workpiece of multiple random appearances lock at the same time, production is efficient, cost is low.
Described in an illustrative manner above with reference to attached drawing according to the utility model proposes clamping device.But ability Field technique personnel should be appreciated that the clamping device proposed for above-mentioned the utility model, can also not depart from this practicality newly Various improvement are made on the basis of type content.Therefore, the scope of protection of the utility model should be by appended claims Content determines.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. clamping device, it is characterised in that the upper backup pad that is arranged in parallel including lower supporting plate, with the lower supporting plate, The cylinder being fixed on the lower supporting plate, and the limit base being arranged on the upper backup pad, workpiece to be clamped are placed In the limit base;Wherein,
    The first sliding block and the second sliding block for being bonded and being slidably connected with first slider tilt are provided with the cylinder, Horizontal pushing block is fixed with second sliding block;
    The transverse direction pushing block is fitted on the upper backup pad, and positioned at the side of the limit base, the cylinder is used to drive The first sliding block in the vertical direction movement, the second sliding block described in first slipper push are transported in the horizontal direction Dynamic, the second sliding block of horizontal movement drives the horizontal pushing block by the piece-holder in the limit base.
  2. 2. clamping device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that
    Dovetail groove is provided with the sliding block of first sliding block/second, is provided with the sliding block of second sliding block/first and institute The slide that dovetail groove is adapted is stated, the slide is spacing to be slided in the dovetail groove.
  3. 3. clamping device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that
    The perforate for avoiding second sliding block is provided with the upper backup pad, second sliding block passes through the perforate, and It is spacing to be moved in the perforate.
  4. 4. clamping device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that further include the block being fixed on the upper backup pad; Wherein,
    The block is the frame-type structure of four face closure two sides openings, and described horizontal pushing block is spacing is moved in the block;
    When the block is fixed on the upper backup pad, the openend of the block and the clamping direction phase one of the workpiece Cause.
  5. 5. clamping device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that
    The limit base includes the firm banking being fixed on the upper backup pad and is arranged on the firm banking away from institute State the briquetting of horizontal pushing block one end;
    The workpiece is placed on the firm banking, and clamp it is spacing in the briquetting between the horizontal pushing block.
  6. 6. clamping device as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that
    The end construction of the transverse direction pushing block and the briquetting close to described workpiece one end is adapted with the shape of the workpiece.
  7. 7. clamping device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that
    It is fixedly connected between the upper backup pad and the lower supporting plate by support column.
  8. 8. clamping device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that
    First sliding block is fixedly connected by connecting rod with the cylinder.
  9. 9. clamping device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that
    First sliding block and second sliding block are respectively provided with one piece;Also,
    First sliding block and second sliding block are wedge structure, the faying face of first sliding block and second sliding block For inclined plane.
  10. 10. clamping device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that
    First sliding block sets one piece, and second sliding block sets two pieces;
    The cross section of first sliding block is trapezium structure, and second sliding block is symmetricly set on two of first sliding block tiltedly On face;Also,
    Two corresponding with two the second sliding blocks horizontal pushing blocks and two limit bases are provided with the upper backup pad.
CN201721093394.5U 2017-08-29 2017-08-29 Clamping device Active CN207309486U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721093394.5U CN207309486U (en) 2017-08-29 2017-08-29 Clamping device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721093394.5U CN207309486U (en) 2017-08-29 2017-08-29 Clamping device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207309486U true CN207309486U (en) 2018-05-04

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201721093394.5U Active CN207309486U (en) 2017-08-29 2017-08-29 Clamping device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN207309486U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109318149A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-02-12 东莞领杰金属精密制造科技有限公司 A kind of Automatic-clamping exempts to lock jig

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109318149A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-02-12 东莞领杰金属精密制造科技有限公司 A kind of Automatic-clamping exempts to lock jig

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Effective date of registration: 20201014

Address after: 261031 north of Yuqing street, east of Dongming Road, high tech Zone, Weifang City, Shandong Province (Room 502, Geer electronic office building)

Patentee after: GoerTek Optical Technology Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 266100 Qingdao, Laoshan District, North House Street investment service center room, Room 308, Shandong

Patentee before: GOERTEK TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right