Collapsible full circle swinging lateral thruster
Ship apparatus field is the utility model is related to, more particularly to suitable for the various different drinking water of ship and the folding of operating mode
Stacked full circle swinging lateral thruster.
Because lateral thruster major function is to allow ship by departure from port mouth, spot turn or realize positioning etc., therefore for one
As using lateral thruster ship for, lateral thruster must be arranged in stem or ship stern, to obtain the rotatory force of bigger
Arm so that the rotating torque of ship is as big as possible, makes ship realize faster by actions such as departure from port mouth, spot turn or positioning.
And general ship can be narrowed drastically in the line style of stem and ship stern point, the side for causing to install lateral thruster pushes away cabin
Segment space is limited, and traditional side, which pushes away, to cause the push position on the upside of some ship types not reach according to cabin space flexible arrangement
Torque as big as possible can not be realized to perfect condition.
In addition, with the development of modern shipping industry, more and more ships need the operation in different operating modes and waters, work as ship
When oceangoing ship is limited to navigation channel or drinking water, propeller needs have certain depth of immersion, could perform to thrust and efficiency optimal.Tradition
By change propeller depth of immersion lift side push away, for hull bottom line style influence it is more serious, when traditional lift side
Pushing away after reducing height, hull bottom opening is unfavorable for the optimization of hull bottom entirety line style, adds resistance to water-flow during ship's navigation,
It is unfavorable for improving Ship Propeling efficiency.
In addition, traditional lift side is pushed away after height is reduced, it is only capable of pushing away use as common side, full circle swinging behaviour can not be carried out
Make, function is more single, it is impossible to adapts to the working condition that modern ships operation becomes increasingly complex.
Existing lateral thruster is lift lateral thruster, using liftable mode, meets ship difference drinking water condition, its
Shortcoming is as follows：
First, lift lateral thruster can not carry out full circle swinging operation, and flexibility and handling are not strong enough；
2nd, it only compensate for requirement of the different navigation channels to drinking water in a manner of oscilaltion, the work that conventional side pushes away can only be played
3rd, cabin space is pushed away by prescribing a time limit in hull side, can not be according to cabin space flexible arrangement；
4th, the influence that lift side is pushed away for hull bottom line style is obvious, resistance to water-flow when adding ship's navigation and
Power attenuation, is unfavorable for power conversion and energy-saving and emission-reduction.
Utility model content
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide it is a kind of it is simple in structure, easy for installation, can according to shipform,
The collapsible full circle swinging lateral thruster of cabin space flexible arrangement.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the technical solution of the utility model is as follows：
Collapsible full circle swinging lateral thruster, the lateral thruster include：
One propulsion component, the propulsion component include hydraulic motor, propeller and connection hydraulic motor and propulsion
The transmission shaft of device；During work, hydraulic motor drives transmission shaft to rotate, and transmission shaft drives the propeller rotation generation of propeller to push away
Power；The outside of transmission shaft is equipped with a driving sleeve, and the bottom of driving sleeve is installed on propeller；
One worm and gear component, worm and gear component are used to drive propeller to carry out 360 degree of full circle swinging operations；
One rotating cylinder, the side of rotating cylinder are connected by connecting flange with propulsion component, the outer ring of rotating cylinder
Pivoting support is installed, pivoting support is installed on hull, it is rotated around horizontal axis；
One linkage, linkage are used to drive propulsion component to fold, and make the underwater portion of propulsion component can be with
It is adjusted in different water depth；
Linkage includes hydraulic cylinder and crank connecting link；
Hydraulic cylinder is connected with hull stent, and one end connection of its output terminal and crank connecting link, the other end of crank connecting link is consolidated
Dingan County is on the opposite side of rotating cylinder, and during work, hydraulic cylinder extension drives crank connecting link to swing, and crank connecting link, which drives, to be rotated
Cylinder is rotated around the horizontal axis of pivoting support, realizes that propulsion component folds.
In one embodiment of the utility model, the worm and gear component includes motor, motor, worm screw and snail
Wheel, worm gear is set on driving sleeve, and during work, motor drives motor operations, and motor drives worm screw to rotate, and worm screw drives worm gear
Rotate, worm gear finally drives driving sleeve to rotate, so as to fulfill 360 degree of full circle swinging operations of propeller.
In one embodiment of the utility model, the outer ring of rotating cylinder is equipped with reinforced seal.
In one embodiment of the utility model, the propeller is to turning paddle propeller or single-blade propeller.
Through the above technical solutions, the beneficial effects of the utility model are：
The utility model propulsion component reduces the height of whole device by the way of folding, rather than using simple
Lift, this just reduces the influence to boat bottom line style well, and the cutting of longitudinal profile is than the perforate of conventional vertical direction
The resistance to water-flow of generation greatly reduces；Meanwhile the collapsible line style that also can preferably utilize stem and ship stern, it be conducive to side
The arrangement of cabin is pushed away, improves hull space availability ratio；Secondly, collapsible full circle swinging lateral thruster carries full circle swinging function, when whole
After a device declines, hull bottom baseline can be stretched out, is used as full circle swinging paddle；In such a case, it is possible to ship is coordinated to promote mainly
Into device control speed of a ship or plane course, it can also shift, turn around as ship, the auxiliary device of the function such as dynamic positioning.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to illustrate the embodiment of the utility model or the technical proposal in the existing technology more clearly, below will be to embodiment
Or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art is briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only
It is some embodiments of the utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, in the premise not made the creative labor
Under, other attached drawings can also be obtained according to these attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the lateral thruster part-structure schematic diagram of the utility model single-blade propeller；
Fig. 2 is the utility model to turning the lateral thruster part-structure schematic diagram of paddle propeller；
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram that the utility model is installed on hull；
Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing of B in Fig. 3；
Fig. 5 is linkage arrangement schematic diagram；
Fig. 6 is part-structure schematic diagram when worm and gear component is installed with driving sleeve；
Corresponding component title of the numeral represented by with letter in figure：
10th, hydraulic motor 20, propeller 30, transmission shaft 31, driving sleeve 40, worm and gear component 41, motor
42nd, motor 43, worm screw 44, worm gear 50, rotating cylinder 51, connecting flange 52, pivoting support 53, reinforced seal 60, company
Linkage 61, hydraulic cylinder 62, crank connecting link 70, hull 71, hull stent.
In order to make the technical means, creative features, achievable purpose and effectiveness that the utility model is realized easy to understand, under
Face combines and is specifically illustrating, and the utility model is expanded on further.
Referring to shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 6, the utility model discloses collapsible full circle swinging lateral thruster, lateral thruster includes pushing away
Into device assembly, worm and gear component 40, rotating cylinder 50 and linkage 60.
Propulsion component includes hydraulic motor 10, propeller 20 and the transmission shaft of connection hydraulic motor 10 and propeller 20
30；During work, hydraulic motor 10 drives transmission shaft 30 to rotate, and transmission shaft 30 drives the propeller rotation generation of propeller 20 to push away
Power；The outside of transmission shaft 30 is arranged a driving sleeve 31, and the bottom of driving sleeve 31 is installed on propeller 20, driving sleeve 31
It is fixedly connected with propeller 20.
Worm and gear component 40 includes motor 41, motor 42, worm screw 42 and worm gear 44, and 44 sets of worm gear is installed on transmission shaft
On set 31, during work, motor 41 drives motor 52 to work, and motor 52 drives worm screw 43 to rotate, and worm screw 43 drives worm gear 44 to rotate,
Worm gear 44 finally drives driving sleeve 31 to rotate, and driving sleeve 31 drives propeller 20 to rotate, and realizes that 360 degree of propeller is complete and returns
Turn, so as to change the course of ship, improve the flexibility of ship.
The side of rotating cylinder 50 is connected by connecting flange 51 with propulsion component, and the outer ring of rotating cylinder 50 is provided with
Pivoting support 52, pivoting support 52 are installed on hull 70, it is rotated around horizontal axis；Rotating cylinder 50
Outer ring is additionally provided with reinforced seal 53, and reinforced seal 53 is used to prevent seawater from entering inside propulsion component.
Linkage 60 is used to drive propulsion component to fold, and allows the underwater portion of propulsion component in different water depth
It is adjusted, it is ensured that suitable depth of immersion, meets requirement of the ship to drauht under various different operating modes, greatly improve
The adaptability of ship.
Linkage 60 includes hydraulic cylinder 61 and crank connecting link 62；Hydraulic cylinder 61 is connected with hull stent 71, it is exported
End is connected with one end of crank connecting link 62, and the other end of crank connecting link 62 is fixedly mounted on the opposite side of rotating cylinder 50, work
When making, hydraulic cylinder 61 is flexible to drive crank connecting link 62 to swing, and crank connecting link 62 drives rotating cylinder 50 around the water of pivoting support 52
Flat axis rotates, and rotating cylinder 50 drives whole propulsion component to fold, and the underwater portion of equipment is also tilted or reduced therewith, is made
Propeller can be adjusted in different water depth, it is ensured that suitable depth of immersion, meets that ship eats ship under various different operating modes
The requirement of water, greatly improves the adaptability of ship.
The operation principle of the utility model is as follows：
First, linkage 60 works, and hydraulic cylinder 61 is flexible to drive crank connecting link 62 to swing, and crank connecting link 62, which drives, to be rotated
Cylinder 50 rotates around 52 center line of pivoting support and (carries out rotating rotary motion around A points horizontal axis), rotating cylinder 50
Drive whole propulsion component to fold, the underwater portion of propulsion component is extend into outboard；Then, hydraulic motor 10 works,
Hydraulic motor 10 drives transmission shaft 30 to rotate, and transmission shaft 30 drives the propeller rotation of propeller 20 to produce thrust；Last worm gear
Worm component 40 works, and the motor 41 of worm and gear component 40 drives motor 42 to work, and motor 42 drives worm screw 43 to rotate, worm screw
43 drive worm gears 44 rotate, and worm gear 44 finally drives driving sleeve 31 to rotate, and driving sleeve 31 drives propeller 20 to rotate, and realizes
360 degree of full circle swingings of propeller, so as to change the course of ship, improve the flexibility of ship.
The collapsible full circle swinging lateral thruster of the utility model had not only possessed conventional side while push away function, but also can meet not
Change the requirement to propeller blade depth of immersion with water depth, and under certain operating mode, which is also equipped with returning entirely
Rotating function, which coordinates, to be promoted mainly into use, greatly improves operability and the flexibility of ship, can be used as ship power supplement, power
The ancillary equipments such as positioning；Modularization, integrated design make the equipment have multiple functions at the same time, meet various duty requirements.
As a result of collapsible, when equipment is installed on hull, be adapted to more shipforms, though stem or
When person's ship stern line style drastically narrows, it can also flexibly be installed according to shipform, pushed away than conventional side, its structure is compacter,
Shared space smaller, installation site is more flexible, can simplify the design that ship side pushes away cabin, reserves more spaces and is used for ship
The utility model propeller can be single-blade propeller, or to turning paddle propeller；In single-blade propeller,
Eddy energy can not be utilized in wake flow after paddle；And to turning in paddle propeller, possess former and later two blades, the rotation direction of blade
Conversely.The eddy energy not being used effectively that preceding blade produces is utilized on latter blade, is converted into and is effectively pushed away
Into power, so as to reach energy saving effect.Contrast the lateral thruster of single-blade propeller, the paddle of the lateral thruster to turning paddle propeller
The size of the underwater portions such as leaf, cylinder, lower gear babinet can greatly reduce, and advantageously reduce resistance to water-flow.Blade before another
It is towed blade, under current stabilization state, has the advantages that propulsive efficiency is high, wake flow is smooth, low noise, low vibration.Therefore with list
Paddle propeller is compared, and more effective power can be absorbed in the case of identical diameter of propeller blade, produces more high thrust；Produce identical
During thrust, required power smaller；It can also make diameter of propeller blade smaller in the case where absorbing equal-wattage, be conducive to hull and set
Meter and Arrangement of Engine-room, economic benefit are considerable.Also, due to full symmetric to turning paddle blade underwater portion, so positive and negative push away
Power is consistent, ensure that the reliability and stability of manipulation.
The advantages of basic principle and main feature and the utility model of the utility model has been shown and described above.One's own profession
The technical staff of industry is it should be appreciated that the present utility model is not limited to the above embodiments, described in above embodiments and description
Simply illustrate the utility model principle, on the premise of not departing from the spirit and scope of the utility model, the utility model is also
Various changes and modifications are had, these various changes and improvements fall within the scope of the claimed invention.The utility model
Claimed scope is defined by the appending claims and its equivalent thereof.