CN207235458U - A kind of Pepper stalk gathers in returning device - Google Patents

A kind of Pepper stalk gathers in returning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207235458U
CN207235458U CN201721235417.1U CN201721235417U CN207235458U CN 207235458 U CN207235458 U CN 207235458U CN 201721235417 U CN201721235417 U CN 201721235417U CN 207235458 U CN207235458 U CN 207235458U
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support
rid
component
plate
slag
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CN201721235417.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
翟兴亮
翟梦霞
翟克松
孙金花
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Qujing City Qilin District Hongyuanlaojia Flavor Co Ltd
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Qujing City Qilin District Hongyuanlaojia Flavor Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of Pepper stalk to gather in returning device, including rack, rack includes front beam, rear cross beam and left support beam and right support beam between front beam and rear cross beam, traveling wheel is symmetrically installed with the downside of left support beam and right support beam, the front end of front beam is provided with hitch frame, cutting and grinding component is provided with the downside of front beam, slag absorbing component is disposed between left support beam and right support beam on rear side of cutting and grinding component, get rid of slag component and the shovel that plows, connecting rod is installed on the downside of rear cross beam, the bottom of connecting rod is provided with trailing bar.The utility model is not only reasonable in design, small, low manufacture cost, control it is easy to use, and just it can shift the stalk in field onto crushing in face, and stalk is embedded to Tanaka by ditching, while can reach preferable field effect, significantly improve the efficiency of production, use easy to spread.

Description

A kind of Pepper stalk gathers in returning device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of agricultural machinery, and in particular to a kind of Pepper stalk gathers in returning device.
Background technology
During large-scale planting capsicum, after capsicum harvesting, the stalk of capsicum has been processed into the most disaster of planting link Topic.At present the processing mode of the most original of Pepper stalk be manually by a felling after, then stalk is carried from planting site and is come out, Concentrate and stack, treat that stalk rots naturally, the processing mode to root most original is by the way of original excavation.At this stalk The drawbacks of reason method, is that land occupation area is big, wastes labour, and wastes substantial amounts of organic fertilizer, because containing in Pepper stalk There are the trace elements such as abundant nitrogen, phosphorus potassium, can be used to make the organic fertilizer of agricultural production.If the capsicum in planting site can be ploughed Soil is ploughed under, can not only mitigate the planting cost of farmer, also helps renewal and increase the content of soil, improves the knot of soil Structure, improves the fertility of soil, promotes the high yield of crops to increase income.In existing technology, although also there is some to be used for corn, rice The harvesting returning device of paddy stalk, but the structure of these equipment is relatively complicated, volume is larger, work efficiency is low, stalk The effect of chopping and returning is undesirable.Therefore, develop it is a kind of it is rational in infrastructure, volume is few, cost is low, it is efficient, can conveniently will Stalk shifts crushing onto, and the Pepper stalk harvesting returning device of stalk embedment Tanaka is desirability by energy ditching.
The content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide it is a kind of it is rational in infrastructure, volume is few, cost is low, it is efficient, can facilitate straw Stalk shifts crushing onto, and the Pepper stalk of stalk embedment Tanaka is gathered in returning device by energy ditching.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that, including rack, rack includes front beam, rear cross beam and is installed on Left support beam and right support beam between front beam and rear cross beam, row is symmetrically installed with the downside of left support beam and right support beam Wheel is walked, the front end of front beam is provided with hitch frame, cutting and grinding component is provided with the downside of front beam, in cutting and grinding group Slag absorbing component is disposed between left support beam and right support beam on rear side of part, gets rid of slag component and the shovel that plows, in rear cross beam Downside is provided with connecting rod, and the bottom of connecting rod is provided with trailing bar;
Cutting and grinding component includes crushing motor, installing plate and Duo Gen shafts, crushes motor and is installed on front beam, installation The both ends of plate are installed on front beam by screw, and the lower end of screw is provided with adjusting nut, and adjusting nut contacts branch with installing plate Support, more shafts are installed on a mounting board at equal intervals by bearing respectively, and the lower end of every shaft is mounted on Disintegrating knife, Crush motor and the upper end of wherein one shaft is sequentially connected, the upper end between remaining shaft is connected by belt;
Plow shovel quantity to be multiple, and the quantity for the shovel that plows and installation site and shaft quantity on a mounting board and position Put correspondence;
Slag absorbing component includes babinet, and the inner cavity of babinet is separated into installation cavity and absorbing cavity by filter screen, is set in installation cavity Suction fan is equipped with, the bottom of absorbing cavity is provided with discharge port, and feed inlet is provided with side wall, and feed inlet is located at Disintegrating knife Oblique upper;
Getting rid of slag component includes getting rid of material axis and gets rid of material motor, and the both ends for getting rid of material axis are installed on left support beam and the right side by connecting plate In supporting beam, get rid of material motor and right support beam is installed on by stent and is sequentially connected with getting rid of material axis, get rid of and pacify at equal intervals on material axis Charging tray is taken off equipped with multiple, takes off on charging tray to be provided with and multiple takes off material tooth.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:Field Pepper stalk is separated and crushed by cutting and grinding component, after crushing After Pepper stalk is drawn by slag absorbing component, then field is deposited in by discharge port, this avoid cutting and grinding component to cut Stalk disorderly flies during cutting, and influences the effect in follow-up stalk embedment field, is deposited in the warp of the stalk after the crushing in field Material is uniformly taken off by Guo Shuai slags mechanism, can be by the stalk tiling after crushing on the ground, and is shoveled by plowing by ground ditching, The stalk after crushing can be embedded under the progradation of trailing bar in ditch, while be bulldozed ground, make straw-returning, reduced dirty Dye.The utility model is not only reasonable in design, small, low manufacture cost, control are easy to use, but also can be easily by field Stalk in ground shifts crushing onto, and stalk is embedded to Tanaka by ditching, while can reach preferable field effect, significantly carries The high efficiency of production, use easy to spread.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram for getting rid of material component;
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram of cutting and grinding component;
Fig. 4 is the structure diagram of trailing bar;
In figure:1- trailing bars, the first plate bodys of 101-, the second plate bodys of 102-, 2- connecting rods, 3- rear cross beams, 4- left support beams, 5- Protective cover, 6- babinets, 7- suction fans, 8- filter screens, 9- front beams, 10- hitch frames, 11- crush motor, 12- shafts, 13- Disintegrating knife, 14- feed inlets, 15- discharge ports, 16- are shoveled except root, and 17- traveling wheels, 18- gets rid of material axis, 19- backgauge disks, and 20- takes off material Tooth, 21- plow shovel, 22- right support beams, 23- connecting plates, and 24- gets rid of material motor, 25- installing plates, 26- screws, 27- adjusting nuts, 28- bearings.
Embodiment
The utility model will be further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings, but the utility model is not subject in any way Limitation, any changes and modifications made based on the utility model training centre, belongs to the scope of protection of the utility model.
As shown in figures 1-4, the utility model includes rack, and the rack includes front beam 9, rear cross beam 3 and is installed on Left support beam 4 and right support beam 22 between front beam 9 and rear cross beam 3, the front beam 9, rear cross beam 3, left support beam 4 and the right side Supporting beam 22 is welded using channel steel, traveling wheel 17 is symmetrically installed with the downside of left support beam 4 and right support beam 22, preceding The front end of crossbeam 9 is provided with hitch frame 10, the downside of front beam 9 is provided with cutting and grinding component, after cutting and grinding component Slag absorbing component is disposed between the left support beam 4 and right support beam 22 of side, gets rid of slag component and the shovel 21 that plows, in rear cross beam 3 Downside connecting rod 2 is installed, the bottom of connecting rod 2 is provided with trailing bar 1.
The cutting and grinding component includes crushing motor 11, installing plate 25 and Duo Gen shafts 12, and the crushing motor 11 is pacified On front beam 9, the both ends of the installing plate 25 are installed on front beam 9, the lower end installation of the screw 26 by screw 26 There is adjusting nut 27, adjusting nut 27 contacts support with installing plate 25, and the height of installing plate 25 is adjusted by rotating adjusting nut 27 Degree, and then the height of Disintegrating knife 13 is adjusted, in order to better control over the height for the stubble left of Pepper stalk, more shafts 12 are distinguished It is installed at equal intervals on installing plate 25 by bearing 28, the lower end of every shaft 12 is mounted on Disintegrating knife 13, the powder Broken motor 11 and the upper end of wherein one shaft 12 are sequentially connected, and the upper end between remaining shaft 12 is connected by belt, is set More shafts 12 can disposably cut multirow Pepper stalk, and production efficiency higher, when being crushed to Pepper stalk, starts and crush electricity Machine 11, crushes motor 11 and drives shaft 12 and Disintegrating knife 13 to rotate, Disintegrating knife 13 is horizontally disposed, and stalk is cut off chopping.
The quantity of the shovel 21 that plows is multiple, and the quantity for the shovel 21 that plows and installation site and shaft 12 are in installing plate 25 On quantity and position correspondence, the shovel that plows is 21 consistent with 12 quantity of shaft, be in order to allow plow shovel 21 can be by Pepper stalk Root connects root and scoops up.
The slag absorbing component includes babinet 6, and the inner cavity of the babinet 6 is separated into installation cavity and absorbing cavity by filter screen 8, Suction fan 7 is provided with the installation cavity, the bottom of the absorbing cavity is provided with discharge port 15, feed inlet is provided with side wall 14, the feed inlet 14 is located at the oblique upper of Disintegrating knife 13, and for Disintegrating knife 13 while cutting, suction fan 7 produces suction Power, sucks absorbing cavity, the stalk after crushing is under the stop of filter screen 8 to whereabouts by the Pepper stalk of chopping by feed inlet 14 Enter discharge port 15, field is deposited in by discharge port 15, the setting of slag absorbing component is avoided that mistake of the cutting and grinding component in cutting Stalk disorderly flies in journey, influences the effect in follow-up stalk embedment field.
The slag component that gets rid of includes getting rid of material axis 18 and gets rid of material motor 24, and the both ends for getting rid of material axis 18 are pacified by connecting plate 23 On left support beam 4 and right support beam 22, the material motor 24 that gets rid of is installed on right support beam 22 and with getting rid of material axis by stent 18 are sequentially connected, it is described get rid of be provided with equal intervals on material axis 18 it is multiple take off charging tray, it is described take off on charging tray to be provided with multiple take off material Tooth 20, during rack 1 is walked, gets rid of material motor 24 and drives to get rid of and expect that axis 18 is rotated with material tooth 20 is taken off, take off material tooth 20 and rotating During, the stalk that slag absorbing component can be deposited in field is uniformly laid in field.
In order to mitigate the burden for the shovel 21 that plows, in slag absorbing component and the left support beam 4 and right support beam between slag component are got rid of Be provided between 22 it is multiple except root shovel 16, the quantity except the quantity and position and shaft 12 of root shovel 16 on installing plate 25 and Position is corresponding, and after except root shovel 16, the root of capsicum is scooped up, the soil being adhered on root can be pulled out by getting rid of slag component, warp After crossing the trench digging of shovel 21 that plows, the root of capsicum can be together embedded in ditch together with stalk.
In order to ensure the planarization of 1 mulching soil of trailing bar, the trailing bar 1 includes the first plate body 101 and second Plate body 102, is in V-shape between 101 and second plate body 102 of the first plate body, the connecting rod 2 is installed on 101 He of the first plate body The angle that second plate body 102 crosses.
For the ease of the replacement and maintenance to taking off material tooth 20, the material tooth 20 of taking off is detachably arranged in and takes off on charging tray.
In order to avoid the adjacent stalk winding taken off between material tooth 20, take off getting rid of between charging tray two neighboring and pacify on material axis 18 Equipped with backgauge disk 19, by the iris action of backgauge disk 19, taking off material tooth 20 can be by the uniform spreading of stalk in field.
Further, described get rid of is provided with protective cover 5 above slag component, and the protective cover 5 is installed on 4 He of left support beam Between right support beam 22, it is the security in order to use to set protective cover 5 one, second, by the obstruction of protective cover 5, is avoided that straw Stalk disorderly flies.
The operation principle of the utility model is:The height that rotating adjusting nut 27 adjusts installing plate 25 is first passed through, and then is adjusted The height of Disintegrating knife 13 is saved, after highly having adjusted, hitch frame 10 is hung on the hanger bracket of tractor, under the traction of tractor Drive rack to advance in traveling wheel 17, during advance, crush motor 11 and drive shaft 12 and Disintegrating knife 13 to rotate, powder Broken blade 13 is while rotating, you can field Pepper stalk is separated and crushed, the Pepper stalk after crushing is in suction fan 7 Under effect, the Pepper stalk of chopping is sucked into absorbing cavity by feed inlet 14, the stalk after crushing under the stop of filter screen 8 to Under fall into discharge port 15, field is deposited in by discharge port 15, the setting of slag absorbing component is avoided that cutting and grinding component is being cut During stalk disorderly fly, influence the effect in follow-up stalk embedment field, at this time, except root shovel 16 scoops up the root of capsicum, Get rid of material motor 24 and drive to get rid of material axis 18 and take off material tooth 20 and rotate, take off material tooth 20 during rotating, both can be by capsicum root Soil pull out, and the stalk for being deposited in field can be uniformly laid in field, meanwhile, pass through the shovel 21 that plows below Plow deep 25~35cm on ground, can be by the improving straw mulching after most of crush to the ditch to have plowed under the propulsion of trailing bar 1 It is interior, while it is bulldozed ground, you can achieve the purpose that straw harvesting returning to the field.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of Pepper stalk gathers in returning device, it is characterised in that:Including rack, the rack includes front beam(9), it is rear horizontal Beam(3)And installed in front beam(9)With rear cross beam(3)Between left support beam(4)With right support beam(22), in left support beam (4)With right support beam(22)Downside be symmetrically installed with traveling wheel(17), in front beam(9)Front end be provided with hitch frame (10), in front beam(9)Downside be provided with cutting and grinding component, the left support beam on rear side of cutting and grinding component(4)And the right side Supporting beam(22)Between be disposed with slag absorbing component, get rid of slag component and the shovel that plows(21), in rear cross beam(3)Downside be provided with Connecting rod(2), connecting rod(2)Bottom trailing bar is installed(1);The cutting and grinding component includes crushing motor(11), installing plate (25)With more shafts(12), the crushing motor(11)Installed in front beam(9)On, the installing plate(25)Both ends pass through Screw(26)It is installed on front beam(9), the screw(26)Lower end adjusting nut is installed(27), adjusting nut(27)With peace Loading board(25)Contact support, more shafts(12)Pass through bearing respectively(28)It is installed on installing plate at equal intervals(25)On, every Shaft(12)Lower end be mounted on Disintegrating knife(13), the crushing motor(11)With a wherein shaft(12)Upper end pass Dynamic connection, remaining shaft(12)Between upper end connected by belt;The shovel that plows(21)Quantity to be multiple, and the shovel that plows (21)Quantity and installation site and shaft(12)In installing plate(25)On quantity and position correspondence;
The slag absorbing component includes babinet(6), the babinet(6)Inner cavity pass through filter screen(8)It is separated into installation cavity and absorption Chamber, is provided with suction fan in the installation cavity(7), the bottom of the absorbing cavity is provided with discharge port(15), set on side wall There is feed inlet(14), the feed inlet(14)Positioned at Disintegrating knife(13)Oblique upper;
The slag component that gets rid of includes getting rid of material axis(18)With get rid of material motor(24), it is described to get rid of material axis(18)Both ends pass through connecting plate (23)Installed in left support beam(4)With right support beam(22)On, it is described to get rid of material motor(24)Right support beam is installed on by stent (22)And with getting rid of material axis(18)It is sequentially connected, it is described to get rid of material axis(18)On be provided with equal intervals it is multiple take off charging tray, it is described to take off material It is provided with disk and multiple takes off material tooth(20).
A kind of 2. Pepper stalk harvesting returning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In slag absorbing component and get rid of slag Left support beam between component(4)With right support beam(22)Between be provided with it is multiple except roots shovel(16), it is described except root shovels(16)'s Quantity and position and shaft(12)In installing plate(25)On quantity and position it is corresponding.
A kind of 3. Pepper stalk harvesting returning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The trailing bar(1)Bag Include the first plate body(101)With the second plate body(102), first plate body(101)With the second plate body(102)Between be in V-shape, institute State connecting rod(2)Installed in the first plate body(101)With the second plate body(102)The angle to cross.
A kind of 4. Pepper stalk harvesting returning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described to take off material tooth(20)Can Being installed on for dismounting is taken off on charging tray.
A kind of 5. Pepper stalk harvesting returning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Charging tray is taken off two neighboring Between get rid of material axis(18)On backgauge disk is installed(19).
A kind of 6. Pepper stalk harvesting returning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described to get rid of the upper of slag component Side is provided with protective cover(5), the protective cover(5)Installed in left support beam(4)With right support beam(22)Between.
CN201721235417.1U 2017-09-26 2017-09-26 A kind of Pepper stalk gathers in returning device Active CN207235458U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721235417.1U CN207235458U (en) 2017-09-26 2017-09-26 A kind of Pepper stalk gathers in returning device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721235417.1U CN207235458U (en) 2017-09-26 2017-09-26 A kind of Pepper stalk gathers in returning device

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109041672A (en) * 2018-08-11 2018-12-21 吉林省农业科学院 A kind of maize straw landfill device
CN110036715A (en) * 2019-04-24 2019-07-23 江苏沿江地区农业科学研究所 Crop material or green manure crop, which are cut, concentrates ditch to bury returning to the field method and relevant device
CN110149890A (en) * 2019-07-02 2019-08-23 塔里木大学 A kind of orchard green manure crushing and returning to field machine shredder head and crushing and returning to field machine
CN112293061A (en) * 2020-11-11 2021-02-02 通化市农业科学研究院 Corn stalk smashing and deep-burying returning device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109041672A (en) * 2018-08-11 2018-12-21 吉林省农业科学院 A kind of maize straw landfill device
CN109041672B (en) * 2018-08-11 2021-06-08 吉林省农业科学院 Corn straw returning and burying method
CN110036715A (en) * 2019-04-24 2019-07-23 江苏沿江地区农业科学研究所 Crop material or green manure crop, which are cut, concentrates ditch to bury returning to the field method and relevant device
CN110149890A (en) * 2019-07-02 2019-08-23 塔里木大学 A kind of orchard green manure crushing and returning to field machine shredder head and crushing and returning to field machine
CN112293061A (en) * 2020-11-11 2021-02-02 通化市农业科学研究院 Corn stalk smashing and deep-burying returning device

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