Utility model content
The defects of the purpose of this utility model is to overcome in the prior art, there is provided one kind can realize that a wide range of regulation is bored
The drilling machine in the direction of tool, and then improve operating efficiency.
Technical solutions of the utility model provide a kind of drilling machine, including pedestal, column, crossbeam, vertical rod and drilling tool；The column
Lower end be installed in rotation in the pedestal；The first drive for driving the column to rotate is provided with the pedestal
Dynamic component；The crossbeam is arranged on the column, and the vertical rod is arranged on the crossbeam, and the drilling tool is arranged on described vertical
On bar；The lower end of the vertical rod is provided with vertical rod sleeve, and the vertical rod sleeve is rotatably sleeved on the crossbeam；Described
The second drive component for driving the vertical rod sleeve to be rotated around the crossbeam is provided with crossbeam.
Further, first drive component includes the first motor, first gear and the first chain；Described first
Motor is arranged on the pedestal；The first gear is arranged in the output end of first motor；It is described vertical
The lower end of post is arranged in the pedestal by bearing, and column gear is provided with the column；The column gear and institute
First gear is stated to connect by first chain.
Further, second drive component includes the second motor, second gear and the second chain；Described second
Motor is arranged on the crossbeam；The second gear is arranged in the output end of second motor；Described
Sleeve gear is additionally provided with vertical rod sleeve；The sleeve gear is connected with the second gear by second chain.
Further, the drilling tool includes mounting seat and the drill bit being arranged in the mounting seat；The mounting seat can turn
The top of the vertical rod is arranged on dynamicly.
Further, it is provided with gear assembly between the mounting seat and the vertical rod；The gear assembly includes the
Three gears and the 4th gear engaged with the 3rd gear；3rd gear is fixedly mounted in the vertical rod, and described
Four gears are fixedly mounted in the mounting seat；The mounting seat, the gear assembly and the vertical rod are bolted
Further, the vertical rod is expansion link, and the expansion link includes sleeve part and rod body part；The vertical rod sleeve is set
Put in the lower end of the sleeve part；The lower end of the rod body part is slideably configured in the sleeve part；The drilling tool is arranged on
On the top of the rod body part.
Further, rack is set in the opposite sides of the rod body part；The 5th gear is provided with the sleeve part；
5th gear engages connection with the rack.
Further, the footpath for driving the 5th gear along the sleeve part is additionally provided with the sleeve part
To mobile driving element；The wheel shaft of 5th gear is connected by connecting rod with the output end of the driving element.
Further, it is respectively arranged with baffle plate in the both sides up and down of every rack；In each 5th gear
Upper and lower both sides are both provided with the position sensor for monitoring the baffle plate；It is additionally provided with the sleeve part for driving institute
State the 3rd motor of the 5th pinion rotation；The driving element and the 3rd motor respectively with the position sensing
Device communicates to connect.
Further, the driving element is drive cylinder or drive cylinder.
Using above-mentioned technical proposal, have the advantages that：
Column is installed in rotation on pedestal, and column 360 ° of rotations in the horizontal plane are driven by the first drive component
Turn, realize regulation in the horizontal direction.
Crossbeam is arranged on column, vertical rod is rotatably arranged on crossbeam, is driven by the second drive component vertical
Bar 360 ° of rotations in vertical plane, realize the regulation in vertical direction.
By drilling tool be arranged on vertical rod on so that drilling tool can in the horizontal direction with 360 ° can be realized on vertical direction
Adjustment, in processing, activity and the working range of drilling tool are improved, improves operating efficiency.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation for the drilling machine that the embodiment of the utility model one provides；
The enlarged diagram that Fig. 2 is crossbeam, vertical rod connects with drilling tool；
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram that gear assembly is provided between vertical rod and mounting seat；
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram that vertical rod is made up of telescopic rod sleeve part and rod body part；
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram that rack is provided with rod body part；
Fig. 6 is that the 5th gear and the schematic diagram of driving element are provided with sleeve part.
The reference table of comparisons：
1- pedestals；2- columns；21- bearings；
22- column gears；3- crossbeams；4- vertical rods；
41- sleeve parts；The gears of 411- the 5th；412- driving elements；
413- connecting rods；414- wheel shafts；415- position sensors；
42- rod body parts；421- racks；422- baffle plates；
43- vertical rod sleeves；44- sleeve gears；5- drilling tools；
51- mounting seats；52- drill bits；The drive components of 6- first；
The motors of 61- first；62- first gears；The racks of 63- first；
The drive components of 7- second；The motors of 71- second；72- second gears；
The racks of 73- second；8- gear assemblies；The gears of 81- the 3rd；
The gears of 82- the 4th；83- bolts.
Further illustrate specific embodiment of the present utility model below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.Wherein identical parts phase
Same reference represents.It should be noted that below description in use word "front", "rear", "left", "right", " on " and
" under " direction in accompanying drawing is referred to, word " interior " and " outer " are referred respectively to towards or away from the side of particular elements geometric center
As shown in figure 1, a kind of drilling machine that the embodiment of the utility model one provides, including pedestal 1, column 2, crossbeam 3, vertical rod
4 and drilling tool 5.
The lower end of column 2 is installed in rotation in pedestal 1, be provided with pedestal 1 for drive that column 2 rotates the
One drive component 6.
Crossbeam 3 is arranged on column 2, and vertical rod 4 is arranged on crossbeam 3, and drilling tool 5 is arranged in vertical rod 4.
The lower end of vertical rod 4 is provided with vertical rod sleeve 43, and vertical rod sleeve 43 is rotatably sleeved on crossbeam 3.
The second drive component 7 for driving vertical rod sleeve 43 to be rotated around crossbeam 3 is provided with crossbeam 3.
Generally, crossbeam 3 is vertical with column 2, and vertical rod 4 is vertical with crossbeam 3.
Column 2 can be rotated, and it is arranged on pedestal 1, and its lower end is installed in rotation in pedestal 1.
In order to realize Automated condtrol, the first drive component 6 is provided with pedestal 1, for driving column 2 to rotate, is led to
Cross the first drive component 6 and drive the 360 ° of rotations in the horizontal plane of column 2, realize regulation in the horizontal direction.
The second drive component 7 is provided with crossbeam 3, for driving vertical rod sleeve 43 to be rotated around crossbeam 3, passes through second
Drive component 7 drives the 360 ° of rotations in vertical plane of vertical rod 4, realizes the regulation in vertical direction.
Drilling tool 5 is arranged in vertical rod 4, so that drilling tool 5 can be realized with vertical direction in the horizontal direction
360 ° of adjustment, in processing, activity and the working range of drilling tool are improved, improves operating efficiency.
The drilling machine can also be referred to as universal drilling machine, convenient use.
Above-mentioned first drive component 6, the second drive component 7 can be cylinder, oil cylinder, electric machine assembly etc. driving equipment.
It is preferred that as shown in figure 1, the first drive component 6 includes the first motor 61, the chain of first gear 62 and first
First motor 61 is arranged on pedestal 1, and first gear 62 is arranged in the output end of the first motor 61.
The lower end of column 2 is arranged in pedestal 1 by bearing 21, and column gear 22, column gear are provided with column 2
22 are connected with first gear 61 by the first chain 63, and column 2 is driven in the first 61 operation of motor in water so as to realize
Square it is rotated up.
It is preferred that as shown in Fig. 2 the second drive component 7 includes the second motor 71, the chain of second gear 72 and second
Second motor 71 is arranged on crossbeam 3, and second gear 72 is arranged in the output end of the second motor 71.
Sleeve gear 44 is additionally provided with vertical rod sleeve 43, sleeve gear 44 passes through the second chain 73 with second gear 72
Connection, vertical rod 4 and its in the vertical direction of drilling tool 5 above is driven to rotate in the second 71 operation of motor so as to realize.
It is preferred that as shown in Fig. 2 drilling tool 5 includes mounting seat 51 and the drill bit 52 being arranged in mounting seat 51.Mounting seat 51
The top of vertical rod 4 is rotatably arranged in, so as to be rotatablely installed seat 51 to adjust the angle of drill bit 52, expands work model
It is preferred that as shown in figure 3, gear assembly 8 is provided between mounting seat 51 and vertical rod 4.
Gear assembly 8 includes the 3rd gear 81 and the 4th gear 82 engaged with the 3rd gear 81.
3rd gear 81 is fixedly mounted in vertical rod 4, and the 4th gear 82 is fixedly mounted in mounting seat 51.
During assembling, mounting seat 51, gear assembly 8 and vertical rod 4 are linked together by bolt 83.
When needing to adjust the angle of drill bit 52, bolt 83 is unclamped, now the 3rd gear 81 can divide with the 4th gear 82
From, seat 51 can be swung or be rotatablely installed, is adjusted by drill bit 52 to specified angle, then bolt 83 is tightened, make the 3rd gear
81 mesh together with the 4th gear 82, avoid in the course of work, and mounting seat 51 rotates automatically.
It is preferred that as shown in figure 4, vertical rod 4 is expansion link, expansion link includes sleeve part 41 and rod body part 42.
Vertical rod sleeve 43 is arranged on the lower end of sleeve part 42, and the lower end of rod body part 42 is slideably configured in sleeve part 41,
Drilling tool 5 is arranged on the top of rod body part 42.
The lower end of rod body part 42 is located in sleeve part 41, and is slidably connected with the inwall of sleeve part 41, so as to realize
Telescopic, to adjust spacing of the drilling tool 5 apart from crossbeam 3.
It is preferred that as seen in figs. 5-6, rack 421 is set in the opposite sides of rod body part 42, is provided with sleeve part 41
5th gear 411, the 5th gear 411 engage connection with rack 421.When rod body part 42 is stretched, the 5th gear 411 is in rack
Rolled on 421, guide effect can be played, it is flexible beneficial to guiding rod body part 42.
It is preferred that as shown in fig. 6, it is additionally provided with sleeve part 41 for driving the 5th gear 411 along sleeve part 41
The driving element 412 moved radially, the wheel shaft 414 of the 5th gear 411 passes through connecting rod 413 and the output end of driving element 412
When needing to engage the 5th gear 411 with rack 421, by driving element 412 drive the 5th gear 411 along
Sleeve part 41 is radially orientated the movement of the side of rack 421, the 5th gear 411 is engaged with rack 421.
When needing to separate the 5th gear 411 with rack 421, by driving element 412 drive the 5th gear 411 along
The direction away from rack 421 that is radially orientated of sleeve part 41 is moved, and the 5th gear 411 is separated with rack 421.
It is preferred that as seen in figs. 5-6, baffle plate 422 is respectively arranged with the both sides up and down of every rack 42, each 5th
The both sides up and down of gear 411 are both provided with the position sensor 415 for monitoring baffle plate 422.
It is additionally provided with sleeve part 41 and (does not show in figure for the 3rd motor for driving the 5th gear 411 to rotate
The motor of driving element 412 and the 3rd communicates to connect with position sensor 415 respectively.
The communication connection that the place refers to can be wireless connection, wire connection, electrical connection etc. connected mode.
When position sensor 415 monitors that baffle plate 422 enters preset range, the He of driving element 412 is transmitted a signal to
3rd motor, driving element 412 drives the 5th gear 411 to move, and the 5th gear 411 is engaged with rack 421, simultaneously
3rd motor drives the 5th gear 411 to rotate, and then is moved up and down with carry-over bar 421, finally realizes stretching for rod body part 42
When position sensor 415 monitors that baffle plate 422 leaves preset range, the He of driving element 412 is transmitted a signal to
3rd motor, driving element 412 drives the 5th gear 411 to move, and the 5th gear 411 is separated with rack 421, simultaneously
3rd motor shuts down, power cost saving.
Above-mentioned driving element 412 can be drive cylinder or drive cylinder.
As needed, above-mentioned each technical scheme can be combined, to reach best-of-breed technology effect.
Above-described is only principle and preferred embodiment of the present utility model.It should be pointed out that for the general of this area
For logical technical staff, on the basis of the utility model principle, some other modifications can also be made, also should be regarded as this practicality
New protection domain.