CN207054291U - The agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity - Google Patents

The agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207054291U
CN207054291U CN201720940961.XU CN201720940961U CN207054291U CN 207054291 U CN207054291 U CN 207054291U CN 201720940961 U CN201720940961 U CN 201720940961U CN 207054291 U CN207054291 U CN 207054291U
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China
Prior art keywords
water
incubator
humidity
agaric
plantation frame
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201720940961.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗雅心
聂俊钰
胡睿
易斯鹏
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罗雅心
聂俊钰
胡睿
易斯鹏
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Priority to CN201720940961.XU priority Critical patent/CN207054291U/en
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Publication of CN207054291U publication Critical patent/CN207054291U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity, including incubator and control module and be arranged in incubator plantation frame, cultivation tank, light-emitting device, water injector, the hot heating apparatus of gas, ventilating fan;Include sunshade net, support frame and the transparent membrane with some holes set gradually at the top of incubator;Incubator side wall is provided with ventilating fan;Water injector includes water tank, water pump, water pipe, shower and atomizer;Cultivation tank is arranged in plantation frame, and light-emitting device and water injector are arranged at the end of plantation frame;The hot heating apparatus of gas includes water inlet pipe, boiler, jet chimney and jet pipe;Light-emitting device includes both ends and is fixed on the lamp bracket of incubator side and some heat-insulating lamps being arranged on lamp bracket.The agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity provided by the utility model, requirement of the agaric to environmental conditions such as temperature, humidity, illumination, gases in growth and development process can be effectively controlled, high-quality agaric can be grown.

Description

The agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity
Technical field
The utility model belongs to fungus growing technique field, and in particular to a kind of agaric culture dress of adjusting humidity Put.
Background technology
Agaric (English:Agaric), mainly it is grown in China and Japan.Most of China is northeast agaric and Qinling Mountains wood Ear.Agaric not only can be wild but also can cultivateeed, and kind fructification is in ear, lobate or cup-shaped, thin, edge is wavy, wide 3-10 Centimetre, thick 2 millimeters, it is bonded to the short handle or narrow thin facies posterior hepatis of side life in matrix.Color and luster is dark brown, and soft texture is in glue Matter shape, it is thin and flexible, it is translucent during moistening, shunk when drying and be changed into brittle cutin approximation keratin.Delicious flavour, can element can Meat or fish, it is nutritious.Agaric is sweet, mild-natured, has many medicinal efficacies.Energy QI invigorating salubrity, has promoting blood circulation efficiency, and can prevent and treat iron deficiency Property anaemia etc.;Can blood-nourishing preserve youthful looks, it is ruddy to make us skin, radiant, can dredge stomach, lubricates enteron aisle, while to hypertension Patient also has certain help.
Agaric in growth and development process, required external condition be mainly nutrition, temperature, moisture, illumination (especially Astigmatism) and air;Greenhouse during agaric grown cultures, there is two kinds of opening and sealing.Open booth makes in fungus cultivation Used time, the moisturizing condition for being unfavorable for agaric growth be present, easily cause agaric and grow uneven or even rotten ear;Closed greenhouse exists During fungus cultivation, there is that humidity in canopy is excessive, daylighting and ventilation effect are bad in canopy, cause agaric dry and wet is uneven, in canopy Humidity and temperature keep unmanageable.
CN201620810573.5 discloses a kind of hot-blast stove for agaric plantation, including body of heater, charging aperture, handle are opened Pass, fixed connecting plate, ashes outlet, air inlet, hot blast gas outlet, furnace body temperature sensor, furnace temperature table, smoke outlet, Blower fan, described body of heater side are provided with charging aperture, and described charging aperture is provided with bat-handle switch, and described bottom of furnace body is provided with solid Determine connecting plate, described fixed connecting plate is exported provided with ashes, and hot blast gas outlet is provided with above described air inlet, described Hot blast gas outlet is provided with blower fan, and described hot blast gas outlet upper end is provided with furnace body temperature sensor, and described furnace body temperature passes Sensor is provided with furnace temperature table, and described body of heater top is provided with smoke outlet.The hot-blast stove for being used for agaric plantation can be effective The temperature of agaric plantation is provided, but temperature is too high, it is insufficient in terms of temperature control, there is certain limitation.
CN201620263601.6 is related to a kind of fungus cultivation device, it include plantation frame, planting matrix, fence, abat vent, Light-emitting device, water injector and controller, fence are arranged in plantation frame, and abat vent rides upon fence periphery and forms a raising shed Structure, planting matrix are installed in plantation frame, and light-emitting device is arranged at the top of plantation frame, water injector be located at planting matrix top and with Plantation frame is connected, and controller is connected with light-emitting device and water injector respectively.The fungus cultivation device can effectively control humidity, light According to, gas condition, but for temperature control deficiency, there is certain limitation.
Utility model content
In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity, can be effective Requirement of the agaric in growth and development process to environmental conditions such as temperature, humidity, illumination, gases is controlled, can be grown high-quality Agaric.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model provides following technical scheme:
The agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity, including incubator and control module and the plantation that is arranged in incubator Frame, cultivation tank, light-emitting device, water injector, the hot heating apparatus of gas, ventilating fan;
Include sunshade net, support frame and the transparent membrane with some holes set gradually at the top of the incubator;
The incubator side wall is provided with ventilating fan;
The water injector includes water tank, water pump, water pipe, shower and atomizer;The water pump is arranged in water tank, One end connection of the water pump and water pipe, the other end of the water pipe is connected by valve one with shower, on the shower It is provided with atomizer;
The cultivation tank is arranged in plantation frame, and the light-emitting device and water injector are arranged at the end of plantation frame;
The cultivation pot bottom is provided with osculum;The plantation frame bottom is provided with rhone, the rhone and row Water pipe connection is passed through water tank;
The hot heating apparatus of gas includes water inlet pipe, boiler, jet chimney and jet pipe;Described water inlet pipe one end and water Pipe is connected, and the other end is connected with boiler;The jet chimney is connected by valve two with boiler, the jet chimney and air jet pipe Road is connected, and some steam holes are evenly arranged with the surface of the jet pipe;
The light-emitting device includes both ends and is fixed on the lamp bracket of incubator side and some heat-insulating lamps being arranged on lamp bracket;
The control module fills with ventilating fan, valve one, valve two, the hot heating apparatus of gas, light-emitting device and water spray respectively Put connection.
Further, the utility model provides a kind of agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity, the tank skin of the cultivation tank On be densely covered with multiple through holes, the through hole is used to plant strain.
Further, the utility model provides a kind of agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity, and the plantation frame is terraced in falling Shape, base are provided with the rhone of semicircle arcuation.
Further, the utility model provides a kind of agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity, and the control module is also wrapped Detection means is included, the detection means includes humidity sensor, optical sensor, temperature sensor and level switch, described Humidity sensor, optical sensor, temperature sensor and level switch are electrically connected with control module.
Further, the utility model provides a kind of agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity, and the humidity sensor is set Put in plantation frame.
Further, the utility model provides a kind of agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity, and the level switch is set Put in water tank.
Further, the utility model provides a kind of agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity, the jet chimney and spray Feed channel is arranged at incubator bottom.
Further, the utility model provides a kind of agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity, and the plantation frame side is also Containing cavities are provided with, the containing cavities are used to store some debris in planting process, such as sterile gloves, collecting bag etc..
Further, the utility model provides a kind of agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity, the control module and electricity Source is connected, and the power supply is connected with power switch.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
The utility model provides a kind of agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity, by setting sunshade net at the top of incubator A kind of more closed plantation space with astigmatism pattern is formed with transparent membrane;By setting air draft in incubator side wall Fan, effectively realize and reduction adjustment is carried out to the temperature and humidity in plantation space, can also realize and the air for planting space is carried out Ventilation work;Realized by water injector and individually the humidity in plantation space is adjusted;Realized by the hot heating apparatus of gas To being adjusted while humidity and temperature;The insufficient light situation outside plantation space is supplemented by light-emitting device, protected Demonstrate,prove the stabilization of light;The rhone set by plantation frame bottom, realize that draining is convenient.
The utility model can effectively meet agaric ring such as the temperature of demand, humidity, illumination, gas in growth and development process Border condition.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model preferred embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the side of the plantation frame of the utility model preferred embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the cultivation tank of the utility model preferred embodiment.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model is carried out Clearly and completely describing, it is clear that described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present utility model, rather than all Embodiment.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making creative work premise Lower obtained every other embodiment, belong to the scope of the utility model protection.
It is to be appreciated that the directional instruction (such as up, down, left, right, before and after ...) of institute in the utility model embodiment It is only used for explaining relative position relation under a certain particular pose (as shown in drawings) between each part, motion conditions etc., such as When the fruit particular pose changes, then directionality instruction also correspondingly changes therewith.
In addition, and it can not be managed in the utility model such as relating to the description of " first ", " second " etc. is only used for describing purpose Solve to indicate or implying its relative importance or the implicit quantity for indicating indicated technical characteristic.Thus, define " the One ", at least one this feature can be expressed or be implicitly included to the feature of " second ".It is " more in description of the present utility model It is individual " it is meant that at least two, such as two, three etc., unless otherwise specifically defined.
In the utility model, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " connection ", " fixation " etc. should do broad sense reason Solution, for example, " fixation " can be fixedly connected or be detachably connected, or integrally;Can mechanically connect, also may be used Be electrical connection;Can be joined directly together, can also be indirectly connected by intermediary, can be the connection of two element internals Or the interaction relationship of two elements, limited unless otherwise clear and definite.For the ordinary skill in the art, can be with Concrete meaning of the above-mentioned term in the utility model is understood as the case may be.
In addition, the technical scheme between each embodiment of the utility model can be combined with each other, but must be with ability Domain those of ordinary skill can be implemented as basis, will be understood that when the combination appearance of technical scheme is conflicting or can not realize The combination of this technical scheme is not present, also not within the protection domain of the requires of the utility model.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figures 1 to 3, the utility model provides a kind of agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity, including incubator, pot Stove 19 and control module and the plantation frame 11 being arranged in incubator, cultivation tank 10, light-emitting device, water injector, gas heat add Warm device, ventilating fan 6;
Include the sunshade net 1 with some holes, support frame 3 and the transparent membrane 2 set gradually at the top of the incubator; Sunlight is formed at the top of incubator through the condition for forming astigmatism, effectively solves the lighting issues needed for agaric growth;
The incubator side wall is provided with ventilating fan 6;Ventilating fan 6 is beneficial to the situation of regulation temperature, humidity and air in real time;
The water injector includes water tank 14, water pump 15, water pipe 12, shower 8 and atomizer 9;The water pump 15 is set Put in water tank 14, the water pump 15 is connected with one end of water pipe 12, and the other end of the water pipe 12 passes through valve 1 and spray Pipe 8 is connected, and atomizer 9 is provided with the shower 8;Water injector can effectively adjust the humidity condition in incubator;
The cultivation tank 10 is arranged in plantation frame 11, and the light-emitting device and water injector are arranged at plantation frame 11 Top;
Cultivation tank 10 bottom is provided with osculum;The bottom of plantation frame 11 is provided with rhone 21, the draining Groove 21 is connected with drainpipe 13 and is passed through water tank 14;Efficient draining is set, beneficial to the environment of agaric growth;
The hot heating apparatus of gas includes water inlet pipe 16, boiler 19, jet chimney 18 and jet pipe 20;The water inlet pipe 16 one end are connected with water pipe 12, and the other end is connected with boiler 19;The jet chimney 18 is connected by valve 2 17 with boiler 19, The jet chimney 18 is connected with jet pipe 20, and some steam holes are evenly arranged with the surface of the jet pipe 20;Heat Gas or steam can not only improve the temperature of incubator, moreover it is possible to improve humidity, the two gets both, simple and convenient;
The light-emitting device includes both ends and is fixed on the lamp bracket 5 of incubator side and some insulations being arranged on lamp bracket 5 Lamp 4;Light-emitting device is beneficial to realize light filling, especially in the case of illumination condition deficiency;
The control module respectively with ventilating fan 6, valve 1, valve 2 17, the hot heating apparatus of gas, light-emitting device and spray Water installations connect.
Multiple through holes 22 are densely covered with the tank skin of the cultivation tank 10, the through hole 22 is used to plant strain.
The plantation frame 11 is in inverted trapezoidal, and base is provided with the rhone 21 of semicircle arcuation.Inverted trapezoidal, beneficial to excessive moisture Water conservancy diversion, the semicircle arcuation of rhone 21 also collecting and flow out beneficial to moisture, ensure the smooth of draining.
The control module also includes detection means, and the detection means includes humidity sensor, optical sensor, temperature Sensor and level switch, the humidity sensor, optical sensor, temperature sensor and level switch are with controlling mould Block is electrically connected with.
The humidity sensor is arranged in plantation frame 11.
The level switch is arranged in water tank 14.The optical sensor is arranged on lamp bracket 5, the TEMP Device is arranged on the side of plantation frame 11.
The jet chimney 18 and jet pipe 20 are arranged at incubator bottom.
The side of plantation frame 11 is additionally provided with containing cavities, the containing cavities be used to storing in planting process some are miscellaneous Thing, such as sterile gloves, collecting bag etc..
The control module is connected with power supply, and the power supply is connected with power switch.
The utility model provides a kind of agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity, by setting sunshade net at the top of incubator 1 and transparent membrane 2 form a kind of more closed plantation space with astigmatism pattern;By setting air draft in incubator side wall Fan 6, effectively realize and reduction adjustment is carried out to the temperature and humidity in plantation space, can also realize and the air for planting space is carried out Ventilation work;Realized by water injector and individually the humidity in plantation space is adjusted;Realized by the hot heating apparatus of gas To being adjusted while humidity and temperature;The insufficient light situation outside plantation space is supplemented by light-emitting device, protected Demonstrate,prove the stabilization of light;The rhone 21 set by the bottom of plantation frame 11, realize that draining is convenient.
The utility model can effectively meet agaric ring such as the temperature of demand, humidity, illumination, gas in growth and development process Border condition.
Specifically, the utility model is realized in the following way:Matrix is prepared, is fitted into cultivation tank 10, sterilizing After be inoculated with, will cultivation tank 10 be placed in plantation frame 11;Sunshade net 1, support frame 3 and transparent membrane 2 are installed, by incubator In other each parts all install;In planting process, but humidity sensor detection humidity it is inadequate when, control module reception signal is simultaneously Send instruction control valve 1 to open, proceed by atomizing spray;When temperature sensor detection temperature is inadequate, while humidity is not When enough, control module reception signal simultaneously sends instruction control boiler 19 and heated, and valve 2 17 is opened, and heating steam passes through steam pipe Enter plantation space through jet pipe 20 in the form of hot gas behind road 18, realize temperature and humidity while control;But humidity sensor Or temperature sensor detection temperature it is too high when, control module control ventilating fan 6 be operated, start to take a breath and cool;Work as illumination When sensor detects insufficient light, control module starts heat-insulating lamp 4, realizes light filling and insulation, and the above is a variety of to realize control agaric Condition needed for growth.
Preferred embodiment of the present utility model is the foregoing is only, is not limited to the utility model, for this For the technical staff in field, the utility model can have various modifications and variations.It is all in the spirit and principles of the utility model Within, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., it should be included within the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (9)

1. the agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity, it is characterised in that including incubator, boiler and control module and be arranged on Plantation frame, cultivation tank in incubator, light-emitting device, water injector, the hot heating apparatus of gas, ventilating fan;
Include sunshade net, support frame and the transparent membrane with some holes set gradually at the top of the incubator;
The incubator side wall is provided with ventilating fan;
The water injector includes water tank, water pump, water pipe, shower and atomizer;The water pump is arranged in water tank, described One end of water pump and water pipe is connected, and the other end of the water pipe is connected with shower by valve one, set on the shower There is atomizer;
The cultivation tank is arranged in plantation frame, and the light-emitting device and water injector are arranged at the top of plantation frame;
The cultivation pot bottom is provided with osculum;The plantation frame bottom is provided with rhone, the rhone and drainpipe Connection is passed through water tank;
The hot heating apparatus of gas includes water inlet pipe, boiler, jet chimney and jet pipe;Described water inlet pipe one end connects with water pipe Connect, the other end is connected with boiler;The jet chimney is connected by valve two with boiler, and the jet chimney connects with jet pipe Connect, some steam holes are evenly arranged with the surface of the jet pipe;
The light-emitting device includes both ends and is fixed on the lamp bracket of incubator side and some heat-insulating lamps being arranged on lamp bracket;
The control module connects with ventilating fan, valve one, valve two, the hot heating apparatus of gas, light-emitting device and water injector respectively Connect.
2. the agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the tank skin of the cultivation tank On be densely covered with multiple through holes.
3. the agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the plantation frame is terraced in falling Shape, plantation frame base are provided with the rhone of semicircle arcuation.
4. the agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the control module is also wrapped Detection means is included, the detection means includes humidity sensor, optical sensor, temperature sensor and level switch, described Humidity sensor, optical sensor, temperature sensor and level switch are electrically connected with control module.
5. the agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the humidity sensor is set Put in plantation frame.
6. the agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the level switch is set Put in water tank.
7. the agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the jet chimney and spray Feed channel is arranged at incubator bottom.
8. the agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the plantation frame side is also It is provided with containing cavities.
9. the agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the control module and electricity Source is connected, and the power supply is connected with power switch.
CN201720940961.XU 2017-07-31 2017-07-31 The agaric culture apparatus of adjusting humidity Expired - Fee Related CN207054291U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108432555A (en) * 2018-04-16 2018-08-24 淮南市绿威食用菌种植专业合作社 A kind of white fungus edible fungus culturing process units
CN108834766A (en) * 2018-06-21 2018-11-20 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 A kind of multifunctional domestic intelligence mushroom culturing rack and culture mushroom method
CN109258311A (en) * 2018-11-09 2019-01-25 衡东兆丰农业发展有限公司 A kind of efficient agaric pregermination device of vernalization
CN109511472A (en) * 2018-11-27 2019-03-26 霍山县权秀生态农业专业合作社 It is a kind of three-dimensional without native cultivation of glossy ganoderma frame
CN112230697A (en) * 2020-10-19 2021-01-15 广州市企德友诚美信息技术开发有限公司 Agricultural monitoring device based on internet

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108432555A (en) * 2018-04-16 2018-08-24 淮南市绿威食用菌种植专业合作社 A kind of white fungus edible fungus culturing process units
CN108834766A (en) * 2018-06-21 2018-11-20 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 A kind of multifunctional domestic intelligence mushroom culturing rack and culture mushroom method
CN109258311A (en) * 2018-11-09 2019-01-25 衡东兆丰农业发展有限公司 A kind of efficient agaric pregermination device of vernalization
CN109511472A (en) * 2018-11-27 2019-03-26 霍山县权秀生态农业专业合作社 It is a kind of three-dimensional without native cultivation of glossy ganoderma frame
CN112230697A (en) * 2020-10-19 2021-01-15 广州市企德友诚美信息技术开发有限公司 Agricultural monitoring device based on internet
CN112230697B (en) * 2020-10-19 2021-06-11 广州市企德友诚美信息技术开发有限公司 Agricultural monitoring device based on internet

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180302

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