CN207050722U - Inexpensive displacement monitoring box based on pipe spirit level and the long-range system for monitoring displacement using the monitor box - Google Patents

Inexpensive displacement monitoring box based on pipe spirit level and the long-range system for monitoring displacement using the monitor box Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207050722U
CN207050722U CN201721101629.0U CN201721101629U CN207050722U CN 207050722 U CN207050722 U CN 207050722U CN 201721101629 U CN201721101629 U CN 201721101629U CN 207050722 U CN207050722 U CN 207050722U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
spirit level
pipe spirit
box
monitoring
pipe
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201721101629.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
田培虎
石军元
贺能
王驰
周亮
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Sichuan Chuanjian Geotechnical Survey And Design Institute
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Sichuan Chuanjian Geotechnical Survey And Design Institute
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Priority to CN201721101629.0U priority Critical patent/CN207050722U/en
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Publication of CN207050722U publication Critical patent/CN207050722U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses the long-range system for monitoring displacement of a kind of inexpensive displacement monitoring box based on pipe spirit level and the application monitor box, including box body, support column, the first pipe spirit level and the second pipe spirit level, the support column is arranged on the box body, the first pipe spirit level and the second pipe spirit level is adjustable is fixed on the support column, the first pipe spirit level and the second pipe spirit level are mutually perpendicular to.In addition, also disclose a kind of long-range system for monitoring displacement, including monitor box, the camera device of division line for shooting the first pipe spirit level and the second pipe spirit level, monitoring server, the camera device communicate to connect with the monitoring server.Monitor box is made up of box body, support bar and two pipe spirit levels in the utility model, and simple in construction, cost is cheap, and long-range system for monitoring displacement realizes the real-time monitoring of measured object displacement, and without manually carrying out in-site measurement.

Description

Inexpensive displacement monitoring box based on pipe spirit level and the long-range position using the monitor box Move monitoring system
Technical field
Displacement measurement technology field is the utility model is related to, more particularly to a kind of inexpensive displacement based on pipe spirit level The long-range system for monitoring displacement of monitor box and the application monitor box.
Background technology
In technical field of mapping, deformation monitoring is a very important job, such as bridge deformation monitoring.Dam deformation Monitoring, deformation of deep excavation monitoring etc..Building after structure, due to basis change or periphery geology influence etc. reason there may be Tilt, skew, sedimentation situations such as, if displacement exceedes certain threshold value, may produce, unstability, topple over, collapse etc. and seriously asking Topic.Measured by displacement to building etc., deformation analysis and prediction can be carried out in time, can be effectively acted as pre- Alert effect, reach the purpose to prevent trouble before it happens.Traditional displacement monitoring equipment is generally combined by multiple sensors to be formed, structure Complex and high cost and traditional displacement monitoring need it is artificial carry displacement monitoring equipment (such as:Total powerstation) carry out scene Measurement, causes that the displacement monitoring workload of building is huge, action is complicated, efficiency is low, costly.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of inexpensive position based on pipe spirit level The long-range system for monitoring displacement of monitor box and the application monitor box is moved, it is simple in construction, cost is cheap, measured object displacement can be realized Real-time monitoring.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:Inexpensive displacement prison based on pipe spirit level Box, including box body, support column, the first pipe spirit level and the second pipe spirit level are surveyed, the support column is arranged on the box body, institute State the first pipe spirit level and the second pipe spirit level is adjustable is fixed on the support column, the first pipe spirit level and the second pipe Spirit level is mutually perpendicular to.
Preferably, the box body is rectangular parallelepiped structure, prismatoid structure, cylindrical structure or frustum cone structure.
Preferably, the first pipe spirit level and the second pipe spirit level structure are identical.
Preferably, the monitor box also includes the first locking device, when the first locking device is in open mode, first Pipe spirit level is in adjustable state;When the first locking device is in locking state, the first pipe spirit level is in stationary state;
The monitor box also includes the second locking device, when the second locking device is in open mode, the second pipe level Device is in adjustable state;When the second locking device is in locking state, the second pipe spirit level is in stationary state.
Preferably, the support column is adjustable is fixed on the box body.
Preferably, the monitor box also includes the 3rd locking device, when the 3rd locking device is in open mode, support Post is in adjustable state;When the 3rd locking device is in locking state, support column is in stationary state.
Preferably, axis and the second pipe spirit level when the first pipe spirit level is in vertical position are in vertical position When axis be same straight line.
Using the long-range system for monitoring displacement of above-mentioned monitor box, including monitor box, for shooting the first pipe spirit level and the The camera device of the division line of two pipe spirit levels, monitoring server, the camera device communicate to connect with the monitoring server.
Preferably, the camera device is connected with the monitoring server radio communication.
Preferably, the long-range system for monitoring displacement also includes warning device, and the warning device services with the monitoring Device communicates to connect.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
(1) monitor box is made up of box body, support bar and two pipe spirit levels, and simple in construction, cost is cheap;
(2) first pipe spirit levels and the second pipe spirit level are arranged in a mutually vertical manner, so as to measure the X of measured object, Y-coordinate On displacement, can additionally measure the displacement on measured object Z coordinate;
(3) camera device obtains the pipe spirit level scale unit dial chart picture of monitor box in real time, and by pipe spirit level scale unit Dial chart picture sends to the monitoring server positioned at rear end and handled, and carries out in-site measurement without artificial, reduces displacement survey The workload of amount, and realize the real-time monitoring of the displacement of measured object;
(4) warning device is alarmed when the shift value of measured object reaches threshold value, reminds related personnel to be handled, nothing Need related personnel's Real Time Observation Monitoring Data.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of schematic diagram of the inexpensive displacement monitoring box based on pipe spirit level;
Fig. 2 is a kind of top view of the inexpensive displacement monitoring box based on pipe spirit level;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the inner surface in the vertical section of levelling tube;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram in the vertical section of levelling tube;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram for the levelling tube for not setting pipe spirit level zero mark;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of the levelling tube provided with pipe spirit level zero mark;
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of the scale unit of pipe spirit level when the center of level(l)ing bubble overlaps with pipe spirit level zero point;
The schematic diagram of the scale unit of pipe spirit level when Fig. 8 is one graduation of center deviation of level(l)ing bubble;
Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram that measured object is subjected to displacement in one embodiment;
Figure 10 is the schematic diagram of long-range system for monitoring displacement;
In figure, 1-box body, 2-support column, the 3-the first pipe spirit level, 31-level(l)ing bubble, 32-levelling tube, 33-point Line, the 4-the second pipe spirit level, 5-camera device, 6-monitoring server, the 7-the first locking device, the 8-the second locking dress Put.
Embodiment
The technical solution of the utility model, but the scope of protection of the utility model are described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings It is not limited to as described below.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, This embodiment describes a kind of inexpensive displacement monitoring box based on pipe spirit level, including Box body 1, support column 2, the first pipe spirit level 3 and the second pipe spirit level 4, the first pipe spirit level 3 and the knot of the second pipe spirit level 4 Structure is identical.The support column 2 is arranged on the box body 1, and the first pipe spirit level 3 and the second pipe spirit level 4 are adjustable solid It is scheduled on the support column 2, the first pipe spirit level 3 and the second pipe spirit level 4 are mutually perpendicular to.
The monitor box also includes the first locking device 7, when the first locking device 7 is in open mode, the first pipe water Quasi- device 3 is in adjustable state, can adjust the angle between the first pipe spirit level 3 and support column 2;In the first locking device 7 During in locking state, the first pipe spirit level 3 is in stationary state, and the first pipe spirit level 3 is fixed on support column 2, Wu Fajin Row regulation.First locking device 7 can be lock screw etc..The monitor box also includes the second locking device 8, in the second locking When device 8 is in open mode, the second pipe spirit level 4 is in adjustable state, can adjust the second pipe spirit level 4 and support column Angle between 2;When the second locking device 8 is in locking state, the second pipe spirit level 4 is in stationary state, the second pipe water Quasi- device 4 is fixed on support column 2, can not be adjusted.Second locking device 8 can be lock screw etc..
The support column 2 is adjustable to be fixed on the box body 1, can adjust the bottom surface of support column 2 and box body 1 as needed Between angle.
The monitor box also includes the 3rd locking device, and when the 3rd locking device is in open mode, support column 2 is in Adjustable state, can adjust the angle between the bottom surface of support column 2 and box body 1;Locking state is in the 3rd locking device When, support column 2 is in stationary state, and support column 2 is fixed on box body 1, can not be adjusted.3rd locking device can be lock Tight screw etc..
The first pipe spirit level 3 and the second pipe spirit level 4 are vertically coaxial, i.e. the first pipe spirit level 3 and the second pipe level The center of device 4 is on same vertical curve.
The box body 1 is rectangular parallelepiped structure, prismatoid structure, cylindrical structure or frustum cone structure.
The application method of monitor box in this implementation is:The bottom surface of monitor box is fixed and is embedded on measured object, opens the One locking device 7, the first pipe spirit level 3 of regulation open the second locking device 8 to horizontality, the second pipe spirit level 4 of regulation to Horizontality, as described in Figure 5 so that the initial scale unit of the first pipe spirit level 3 and the second pipe spirit level 4 is zero, Ran Housuo Tight first locking device 7 is to fix the first pipe spirit level 3, the second locking device 8 of locking to fix the second pipe spirit level 4;Needing When judging whether measured object is subjected to displacement, read and record the now level gas of the first pipe spirit level 3 and the second pipe spirit level 4 Division line 33 corresponding to bubble 31, is designated as current scale unit, and measured object occurs if current scale unit and initial scale unit are inconsistent Displacement.By calculate the mathematic interpolation between current scale unit and initial scale unit go out measured object compared to it is initial when inclination angle Value, then can calculate the displacement of measured object according to the inclination value.
As shown in figure 3, the first pipe spirit level 3 includes the levelling tube 32 being made up of transparent pipe (such as glass tube), levelling tube 323 Vertical section inner surface be certain radius circular arc (levelling tube circular arc), its radius be 8-100m, most accurate reachable 200m. Liquid is filled with levelling tube 32, and formed with level(l)ing bubble 31.The generation type of level(l)ing bubble 31 is:Noted in levelling tube 32 Enter light and runny liquid, such as alcohol or ether, heated after filling, liquid expansion then will so as to exclude a part One end closing that levelling tube 32 is open, after liquid cooling, forms a space filled by the steam of liquid in pipe, this Individual space is exactly level(l)ing bubble 31.
Defining the central point S of levelling tube circular arc turns into pipe spirit level zero point, mistake pipe spirit level zero point with circular arc is tangent cuts Line turns into pipe axis of levelling bubble.Occupy the characteristic of extreme higher position in levelling tube 32 according to level(l)ing bubble 31, cross in level(l)ing bubble 31 The tangent line that the heart is made must be horizontal line.
When level(l)ing bubble 31 is centrally located at pipe spirit level zero point (level(l)ing bubble 31 is placed in the middle), pipe axis of levelling bubble is into horizontal position Put.Levelling tube 32, which is provided with, is used to determining the division line 33 of the position of level(l)ing bubble 31, and a graduation is provided with every 2mm on levelling tube 32 Line 33, the position of level(l)ing bubble 31 can be accurately determined according to the division line 33 on levelling tube 32.In certain embodiments, level Pipe spirit level zero mark is provided with the pipe spirit level zero point of pipe 32, as shown in Figure 5.In certain embodiments, on levelling tube 32 Pipe spirit level zero mark is not provided with, now level can be determined by the symmetrical division line 33 in the both ends of level(l)ing bubble 31 The point midway of bubble 31, as shown in Figure 6.
On levelling tube 32 circular arc of each lattice (2mm) to central angle τ turn into the scale unit of pipe spirit level, such as Fig. 7 and Shown in Fig. 8, the arc radius R of scale unit and levelling tube 32 has following relationship:
In formula, R unit is millimeter, because central angle τ and arc radius R are inversely proportional, when arc radius R is from 8m to 100m When, its central angle τ value is about from 1' to 4 ";When arc radius R is 200m, its central angle τ value is about 2 ".In the figure 7, The center O of level(l)ing bubble 31 overlaps with pipe spirit level zero point S, and pipe axis of levelling bubble HH occupy horizontal level.In fig. 8, level(l)ing bubble 31 center O deviates a graduation, and now pipe axis of levelling bubble HH and horizontal line H'H' to the angle of cut is τ values.So scale unit is level The angle value that pipe axis of levelling bubble is changed when bubble 31 moves a lattice.The center O of level(l)ing bubble 31 deviates pipe spirit level zero point S lattice number For n when, pipe axis of levelling bubble HH and horizontal line the H'H' angle of cut are n τ.
The deflection of different accuracy requirement measured object can be monitored during the precision difference of pipe spirit level.
The calculating of the displacement to measured object of illustrating below illustrates.As shown in figure 9, one is established at some monitoring point solely Vertical rectangular coordinate system in space, the displacement on tri- directions of X, Y, Z for monitoring measured object;Spatial altitude is H monitoring point P B ' positions are displaced to, the pipe spirit level inclination alpha of X-direction is ∠ PC'P, and displacement △ x are P'C';The pipe spirit level of Y direction Angle of inclination beta is ∠ PA'P, and displacement △ y are P'A';Horizontal plane XOY displacement △ S are P'B', and the vertical displacement amount h of Z-direction is PP';OP moves to OB' drift angles i i.e. ∠ POB'.Wherein, OP=OB'=H, α and β are measured by pipe spirit level.
In right angled triangle P ' A ' B ', P ' B '2=P ' C '2+P′A′2, Δ S2=Δ x2+Δy2
In right angled triangle OP ' B ', P'B'2=O'B'2-OP'2,ΔS2=H2-(H-h)2
And △ x=hcot α, △ y=hcot β;
From the foregoing, it will be observed that Δ S2=Δ x2+Δy2=H2-(H-h)2
hcot2α+hcot2β=2Hh-h;
That is,△ x=hcot α, △ y=hcot β;
ΔS2=Δ x2+Δy2, i=arcsin (△ S/H).
As shown in Figure 10, This embodiment describes a kind of long-range system for monitoring displacement using above-mentioned monitor box, including prison Survey box, the camera device 5 of division line 33 for shooting the first pipe spirit level 3 and the second pipe spirit level 4, monitoring server 6, institute Camera device 5 is stated to communicate to connect with the monitoring server 6.
The operation principle of the present embodiment is:Camera device 5 gathers the first pipe spirit level 3 and the second pipe spirit level of monitor box The 4 pipe spirit level scale unit dial chart pictures measured, the pipe spirit level scale unit dial chart picture measured is then sent to monitoring clothes Business device 6, monitoring server 6 calculate the shift value of measured object accordingly.
In certain embodiments, the camera device 5 is connected with the radio communication of monitoring server 6, such as uses 3G/4G Network is communicated.
In certain embodiments, the long-range system for monitoring displacement also includes warning device, the warning device with it is described Monitoring server 6 communicates to connect.Warning device can be audible-visual annunciator, in the shift value of measured object reaches threshold value when carry out sound Light alarm;Warning device can also be Alarm Server, when the shift value of measured object reaches threshold value to the equipment of related personnel The information such as short message are sent to be alarmed.
Described in an illustrative manner according to one kind of the present utility model above with reference to accompanying drawing.But people in the art Member can also not depart from the basis of the utility model content it should be appreciated that the one kind proposed for above-mentioned the utility model On make various improvement, or equivalent substitution is carried out to which part technical characteristic, it is all in the spirit and principles of the utility model Within, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., it should be included within the scope of protection of the utility model.Therefore, The scope of protection of the utility model should be determined by the content of appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. the inexpensive displacement monitoring box based on pipe spirit level, it is characterised in that including box body(1), support column(2), first pipe Spirit level(3)With the second pipe spirit level(4), the support column(2)Installed in the box body(1)On, the first pipe spirit level (3)With the second pipe spirit level(4)It is adjustable to be fixed on the support column(2)On, the first pipe spirit level(3)With the second pipe water Quasi- device(4)It is mutually perpendicular to.
2. the inexpensive displacement monitoring box according to claim 1 based on pipe spirit level, it is characterised in that the box body (1)For rectangular parallelepiped structure, prismatoid structure, cylindrical structure or frustum cone structure.
3. the inexpensive displacement monitoring box according to claim 1 based on pipe spirit level, it is characterised in that first pipe Spirit level(3)With the second pipe spirit level(4)Structure is identical.
4. the inexpensive displacement monitoring box according to claim 1 based on pipe spirit level, it is characterised in that the monitor box Also include the first locking device(7), in the first locking device(7)During in open mode, the first pipe spirit level(3)In adjustable Nodular state;In the first locking device(7)During in locking state, the first pipe spirit level(3)In stationary state;
The monitor box also includes the second locking device(8), in the second locking device(8)During in open mode, the second pipe water Quasi- device(4)In adjustable state;In the second locking device(8)During in locking state, the second pipe spirit level(4)In fixation State.
5. the inexpensive displacement monitoring box according to claim 1 based on pipe spirit level, it is characterised in that the support column (2)It is adjustable to be fixed on the box body(1)On.
6. the inexpensive displacement monitoring box according to claim 5 based on pipe spirit level, it is characterised in that the monitor box Also include the 3rd locking device, when the 3rd locking device is in open mode, support column(2)In adjustable state; When three locking devices are in locking state, support column(2)In stationary state.
7. the inexpensive displacement monitoring box according to claim 1 based on pipe spirit level, it is characterised in that first pipe Spirit level(3)With the second pipe spirit level(4)It is vertical coaxial.
8. the long-range system for monitoring displacement of the monitor box described in application claim 1-7 any one, it is characterised in that including prison Survey box, for shooting the first pipe spirit level(3)With the second pipe spirit level(4)Division line(33)Camera device(5), monitoring clothes Business device(6), the camera device(5)With the monitoring server(6)Communication connection.
9. long-range system for monitoring displacement according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the camera device(5)With the prison Survey server(6)Radio communication connects.
10. long-range system for monitoring displacement according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the long-range system for monitoring displacement is also Including warning device, the warning device and the monitoring server(6)Communication connection.
CN201721101629.0U 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 Inexpensive displacement monitoring box based on pipe spirit level and the long-range system for monitoring displacement using the monitor box Expired - Fee Related CN207050722U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109141179A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-01-04 田培虎 Horizontal displacement monitor and its monitoring method
CN113529559A (en) * 2021-06-17 2021-10-22 中铁大桥局上海工程有限公司 Segmented prefabricated cover beam template positioning device and operation method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109141179A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-01-04 田培虎 Horizontal displacement monitor and its monitoring method
CN113529559A (en) * 2021-06-17 2021-10-22 中铁大桥局上海工程有限公司 Segmented prefabricated cover beam template positioning device and operation method

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180227

Termination date: 20180831

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee