CN206993049U - A kind of photovoltaic board cleaning device - Google Patents

A kind of photovoltaic board cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206993049U
CN206993049U CN201721003500.6U CN201721003500U CN206993049U CN 206993049 U CN206993049 U CN 206993049U CN 201721003500 U CN201721003500 U CN 201721003500U CN 206993049 U CN206993049 U CN 206993049U
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China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
frame
photovoltaic panel
cavity
slide protrusion
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CN201721003500.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
潘尚鹏
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Qingyuan De Sheng Heng Heng Energy Environmental Protection Engineering Co Ltd
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Qingyuan De Sheng Heng Heng Energy Environmental Protection Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201721003500.6U priority Critical patent/CN206993049U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The clean technologies field of brush or similar means is the utility model is related to, especially a kind of photovoltaic board cleaning device, including outer rim;Cleaning axle is slidably connected in outer rim;The both ends of cleaning axle are equipped with slide protrusion, and outer rim is provided with chute;Sliding shoe is slidably connected in chute, the raised hole of insertion slide protrusion is set on sliding shoe;Spring is provided between the bottom surface in slide protrusion and raised hole;Cavity is provided with cleaning axle, the air cavity for being used for connecting with cavity is provided with slide protrusion;Piston is slidably connected in air cavity, the bottom surface of piston is fixedly connected with telescopic shaft;It is additionally provided with air cavity for carrying out spacing upper limit bar to piston, is provided with raised hole and is used to carry out piston spacing lower limit bar;Power set provide power supply by photovoltaic panel;The wall of cavity is provided with the gas hole for being used in photovoltaic panel blowing;The intermittent cleaning brush cleaned to photovoltaic panel is additionally provided with cleaning axle.This programme, it can prevent that photovoltaic panel is scratched when photovoltaic panel is cleaned.

Description

A kind of photovoltaic board cleaning device
Technical field
It the utility model is related to the clean technologies field of brush or similar means, and in particular to a kind of photovoltaic panel sanitizer cartridge Put.
Background technology
The construction unit for the photovoltaic generation that photovoltaic module is made up of solar battery sheet, is commonly called as solar energy photovoltaic panel(With Lower abbreviation photovoltaic panel), it is the core component that electric energy is produced currently with solar energy.Main flow photovoltaic panel is all with silicon substrate at present Cell piece is core, and electricity conversion highest is close to 20%.
When photovoltaic panel is installed, typically it is tiltedly mounted on mounting bracket, largely practice have shown that the photovoltaic panel of outdoor placement exists Using after a period of time easily in the light pass surface accumulation pollutant such as dust.The accumulation of dust significantly reduces photovoltaic panel luminous flux, enters And significantly reduce the electric energy fan-out capability of photovoltaic panel.Quantitative analysis test shows that 4g/m dust accretions cause photovoltaic panel electric energy Delivery efficiency reduces by 60%.What is more, dust or the pollutant accumulation of bulk, such as leaf, birds droppings etc., can produce hot plate effect Should, cause photovoltaic panel localized regions of elevated temperature and scrapped until burning.
It is general to cleaning photovoltaic panel by the way of manually cleaning at present, but the operating efficiency manually cleaned is relatively automatic Clean it is low, and clean roof eminence photovoltaic panel when, have danger.
Number of patent application is that CN201320125563.4 utility model patent discloses a kind of solar energy photovoltaic panel cleaning Machine, including power set, armed lever, support, cleaning brush, handle and mobile vehicle, power set are arranged on the rear end of armed lever, cleaning Brush is arranged on mobile vehicle installed in the front end of armed lever, support and props up armed lever, and power set pass through actuator drives Cleaning brush cleans solar energy photovoltaic panel;Cleaning brush is drum-type;Also configure water injector and dust exhaust apparatus.It is laborsaving time saving, operation Flexibly, can efficiently be cleaned;It is arranged on mobile vehicle, delivery and live conveniently moving, is easy to clean solar energy at any time Plate is lied prostrate, the cleaning of solar energy photovoltaic panel can be kept constantly.
Following technical problem be present in above-mentioned patent:During cleaning photovoltaic panel, had between photovoltaic panel and cleaning brush The impurity such as leaf, dust, easily photovoltaic panel is caused to scratch.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of photovoltaic board cleaning device, can prevent clean photovoltaic panel when Wait, photovoltaic panel is scratched.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, base case of the present utility model is as follows:
A kind of photovoltaic board cleaning device, including the outer rim for being fastened in photovoltaic panel;Slidably connected in outer rim For cleaning the cleaning axle of photovoltaic panel;The both ends of cleaning axle are equipped with slide protrusion, and outer rim is provided with corresponding with slide protrusion Chute;Sliding shoe is slidably connected in chute, sliding shoe is provided with the raised hole for being used for inserting slide protrusion;Slide protrusion with Spring is provided between the bottom surface in raised hole;Cavity is provided with cleaning axle, the air cavity for being used for connecting with cavity is provided with slide protrusion; Piston is slidably connected in air cavity, the bottom surface of piston is fixedly connected with drives the telescopic shaft to move up and down by power set;Air cavity Inside it is additionally provided with for carrying out spacing upper limit bar to piston, is provided with raised hole and is used to carry out piston spacing lower limit Bar;The wall of cavity is provided with the gas hole for being used in photovoltaic panel blowing;It is additionally provided with cleaning axle intermittent to photovoltaic panel progress The cleaning brush of cleaning.
During using above-mentioned technical proposal, outer rim is fastened on the edge of photovoltaic panel;When needing to clean photovoltaic panel Wait, start power set, power set can drive telescopic shaft to move downward, and piston is with moving downward, when piston props up air cavity Bottom surface when, because power set are also driving telescopic shaft to move downward, therefore spring is compressed, and whole cleaning axle can be to Lower motion;When slide protrusion props up lower caging device, whole cleaning axle will not move still further below, and now cleaning brush Also photovoltaic plate surface has been propped up;More than this motion process, primarily to so that piston moves downward, and then cause in air cavity Gassy.
Afterwards, people can use waddy etc. to promote cleaning axle so that cleaning axle is moved along outer rim;Meanwhile power Device drives telescopic shaft to move upwards, and during this of spring recovery deformation, whole cleaning brush can also move upwards, still When spring returns to home position, because power set are also driving telescopic shaft to move upwards, and slide protrusion can be by spring Hold, therefore whole cleaning axle will not now move upwards again, and piston can be promoted by telescopic shaft and moved upwards, the gas in air cavity Body is entered in cavity, the surface of photovoltaic panel is finally blowed to from gas hole, and then realize the aeration cleaning to photovoltaic panel, i.e. will Leaf of photovoltaic plate surface etc. is blown away;When piston upwards are at position limit device, piston will not move upwards again, simultaneously Gas hole will not carry out Air blowing cleaning to photovoltaic plate surface again;The process to photovoltaic plate surface Air blowing cleaning is just completed above.
Then, continue to promote cleaning axle using waddy etc. so that cleaning axle is moved along outer rim;Meanwhile power set Telescopic shaft is driven to move downward again, principle is same as above, and piston is with moving downward, when piston props up the bottom surface of air cavity, by Also telescopic shaft is being driven to move downward in power set, therefore whole cleaning axle can move downward;When slide protrusion props up lower limit When the device of position, whole cleaning axle will not move still further below, and now cleaning brush has also propped up photovoltaic plate surface, due to clear Clean axle is constantly moving along frame, therefore cleaning brush can clean to photovoltaic plate surface;This motion process is also real above The inflation again to air cavity is showed.So circulation, just can realize the cleaning to photovoltaic panel.
Beneficial effect is caused by this programme:
1st, photovoltaic panel is cleaned again after mainly using aeration cleaning in this programme, can be prevented in cleaning photovoltaic panel When, photovoltaic panel is scratched.
2nd, in this programme spring setting, primarily to support slide protrusion, spring be under normal circumstances when, energy When enough preventing that power set from driving telescopic shaft promotion piston, slide protrusion also moves upwards, essentially consists in spring to slide protrusion There is certain pulling force, along with the gravity of cleaning axle itself, thereby it is ensured that piston can be transported upwards along air cavity inwall It is dynamic, and then realize the air blowing to photovoltaic plate surface.In addition, when power set drive telescopic shaft to move downward, although now whole Individual cleaning axle can move downward, but when slide protrusion props up lower limit bar, whole cleaning axle will not move still further below, therefore Under the pulling of power set, piston can be moved downward along air cavity inwall, and outside air is entered in air cavity from gas hole, It ensure that the inflation to air cavity.
Preferred scheme one:As the further optimization to base case, outer rim includes upper side frame, left frame and the right Frame, institute's upper side frame are fixedly connected between left frame and the end of left frame;And the cross section of upper side frame, left frame and left frame It is L-shaped;Chute is two, is separately positioned on left frame and left frame.
Said structure simply realizes cleaning axle and can moved up and down along left frame and left frame very much.
Preferred scheme two:As the further optimization to base case, sliding shoe includes slider body and positioned at sliding block sheet The guide protrusions of body both sides;The side channel for inserting guide protrusions and being slided for guide protrusions is equipped with the two side of chute. Said structure simply realizes whole sliding shoe and can moved along chute very much, without dropping out.
Preferred scheme three:As the further optimization to base case, cleaning brush is arranged on the circumference of gas hole.
Primarily to being easy to gas hole when blowing to photovoltaic panel, the rubbish on cleaning brush blow clearly Reason.
Preferred scheme four:As the further optimization to base case, the bottom surface of sliding shoe, which is provided with, to be used to place power The placed cavity of device.Primarily to it is easy to the placement of power set.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of photovoltaic board cleaning device of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the sectional view of cleaning axle in Fig. 1.
Embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below by embodiment:
Reference in Figure of description includes:Outer rim 1, chute 11, sliding shoe 111, raised hole 112, lower limit Bar 113, upper side frame 12, left frame 13, left frame 14, cleaning axle 2, slide protrusion 21, air cavity 211, piston 212, telescopic shaft 213rd, upper limit bar 214, spring 22, cavity 23, gas hole 231, cleaning brush 24, photovoltaic panel 3.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of photovoltaic board cleaning device, including the outer rim 1 for being fastened in photovoltaic panel 3;Outside The cleaning axle 2 for cleaning photovoltaic panel 3 is slidably connected on frame 1;The both ends of cleaning axle 2 are equipped with slide protrusion 21, outside Frame 1 is provided with chute 11 corresponding with slide protrusion 21;Sliding shoe 111 is slidably connected in chute 11, sliding shoe 111 is provided with For inserting the raised hole 112 of slide protrusion 21;Spring 22 is provided between the bottom surface in slide protrusion 21 and raised hole 112;Cleaning Cavity 23 is provided with axle 2, the air cavity 211 for being used for connecting with cavity 23 is provided with slide protrusion 21;Slidably connected in air cavity 211 Piston 212, the bottom surface of piston 212 is fixedly connected with drives the telescopic shaft 213 to move up and down by power set;In air cavity 211 also Provided with for carrying out spacing upper limit bar 214 to piston 212, it is provided with raised hole 112 spacing for being carried out to piston 212 Lower limit bar 113;The wall of cavity 23 is provided with the gas hole 231 for being used in photovoltaic panel 3 blowing;Between being additionally provided with cleaning axle 2 The cleaning brush 24 that having a rest property is cleaned to photovoltaic panel 3;During specific setting, cleaning brush 24 is arranged on the circumference of gas hole 231.
Outer rim 1 includes upper side frame 12, left frame 13 and left frame 14, and institute's upper side frame 12 is fixedly connected on the He of left frame 13 Between the end of left frame 14;And the cross section of upper side frame 12, left frame 13 and left frame 14 is L-shaped;Chute 11 is two, It is separately positioned on left frame 13 and left frame 14.Said structure simply realizes cleaning axle 2 very much can be along left frame 13 and left frame 14 move up and down.
Sliding shoe 111 includes slider body and guide protrusions;It is equipped with the two side of chute 11 convex for inserting guiding The side channel for rising and being slided for guide protrusions.The bottom surface of sliding shoe 111 is provided with the placed cavity for being used for placing power set.Mainly For the ease of the placement of power set.Power set in this programme are hydraulic cylinder;And the power set can be carried by photovoltaic panel 3 Power supply source or using external power source(For example directly the plug of hydraulic cylinder is inserted on the plate of external power source).
Spring 22 in this programme is in normal state(The self gravitation of cleaning axle can be neglected herein), i.e., power set are not Start, when telescopic shaft 213 also is located at original position:Cleaning brush 24 is not contacted with photovoltaic module, only in the quilt of spring 22 When compression, cleaning brush 24 is just gradually close to photovoltaic panel 3, and finally the surface with photovoltaic panel 3 contacts.
In use, outer rim 1 is fastened on the edge of photovoltaic panel 3;When needing to clean photovoltaic panel 3, start dynamic Power apparatus, power set can drive telescopic shaft 213 to move downward, and piston 212 is with moving downward, when piston 212 props up air cavity When 211 bottom surface, because power set are also driving telescopic shaft 213 to move downward, therefore spring 22 is compressed, whole clear Clean axle 2 can move downward;When slide protrusion 21 props up lower caging device, whole cleaning axle 2 will not move still further below, and And now cleaning brush 24 has also propped up the surface of photovoltaic panel 3;This motion process above, primarily to so that piston 212 is downward Motion, and then cause gassy in air cavity 211.
Afterwards, people can use waddy etc. to promote cleaning axle 2 so that cleaning axle 2 is moved along outer rim 1;It is meanwhile dynamic Power apparatus drives telescopic shaft 213 to move upwards, and during this of the recovery deformation of spring 22, whole cleaning brush 24 also can be upward Motion, but when spring 22 returns to home position, because power set are also driving telescopic shaft 213 to move upwards, and slide Dynamic projection 21 can be held by spring 22, therefore whole cleaning axle 2 will not now move upwards again, and piston 212 can be by telescopic shaft 213 promotions are moved upwards, and the gas in air cavity 211 is entered in cavity 23, and the table of photovoltaic panel 3 is finally blowed to from gas hole 231 Face, and then realize the aeration cleaning to photovoltaic panel 3, i.e. the leaf on the surface of photovoltaic panel 3 etc. is blown away;When piston 212 moves upwards During at position limit device, piston 212 will not be moved upwards again, while gas hole 231 will not be blown the surface of photovoltaic panel 3 again Gas is cleared up;The process to the surface Air blowing cleaning of photovoltaic panel 3 is just completed above.
Then, continue to promote cleaning axle 2 using waddy etc. so that cleaning axle 2 is moved along outer rim 1;Meanwhile power fills Put and drive telescopic shaft 213 to move downward again, principle is same as above, and piston 212 is with moving downward, when piston 212 props up air cavity 211 When bottom surface, because power set are also driving telescopic shaft 213 to move downward, therefore whole cleaning axle 2 can move downward;When When slide protrusion 21 props up lower caging device, whole cleaning axle 2 will not move still further below, and now cleaning brush 24 also supports The surface of photovoltaic panel 3 is lived, because cleaning axle 2 is constantly being moved along frame, therefore cleaning brush 24 can be carried out to the surface of photovoltaic panel 3 Clean;This motion process also achieves the inflation again to air cavity 211 above.So circulation, just can be realized to photovoltaic panel 3 Cleaning.
More than be only embodiment of the present utility model, the general knowledge such as known concrete structure and characteristic is not made herein in scheme Excessive description.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, on the premise of the utility model structure is not departed from, also Several modifications and improvements can be made, these should also be considered as the scope of protection of the utility model, and these are all without this reality of influence With the effect and practical applicability of new implementation.This application claims protection domain should using the content of its claim as The record such as standard, the embodiment in specification can be used for the content for explaining claim.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of photovoltaic board cleaning device, it is characterised in that including the outer rim for being fastened in photovoltaic panel;Outside upper slide of frame The dynamic cleaning axle being connected with for cleaning photovoltaic panel;The both ends of the cleaning axle are equipped with slide protrusion, are set in the outer rim There is chute corresponding with the slide protrusion;Sliding shoe is slidably connected in the chute, the sliding shoe, which is provided with, to be used to insert Enter the raised hole of the slide protrusion;Spring is provided between the bottom surface in the slide protrusion and the raised hole;The cleaning axle It is interior to be provided with cavity, it is provided with the air cavity for being used for connecting with the cavity in the slide protrusion;Work is slidably connected in the air cavity Plug, the bottom surface of the piston is fixedly connected with drives the telescopic shaft to move up and down by power set;Use is additionally provided with the air cavity In carrying out spacing upper limit bar to the piston, be provided with the raised hole be used for it is spacing to slide protrusion progress under Positive stop strip;The wall of the cavity is provided with the gas hole for being used in photovoltaic panel blowing;Intermittence is additionally provided with the cleaning axle The cleaning brush cleaned to photovoltaic panel.
A kind of 2. photovoltaic board cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the outer rim include upper side frame, Left frame and left frame, the upper side frame are fixedly connected between the end of the left frame and left frame;And upper side frame, the left side The cross section of frame and left frame is L-shaped;The chute is two, is separately positioned on the left frame and left frame.
3. a kind of photovoltaic board cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the sliding shoe includes slider body With the guide protrusions positioned at the slider body both sides;It is equipped with the two side of the chute for inserting the guide protrusions And for the side channel of guide protrusions slip.
4. a kind of photovoltaic board cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the cleaning brush is arranged on described blow The circumference of stomata.
5. a kind of photovoltaic board cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the bottom surface of the sliding shoe is provided with For placing the placed cavity of the power set.
CN201721003500.6U 2017-08-11 2017-08-11 A kind of photovoltaic board cleaning device Active CN206993049U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721003500.6U CN206993049U (en) 2017-08-11 2017-08-11 A kind of photovoltaic board cleaning device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721003500.6U CN206993049U (en) 2017-08-11 2017-08-11 A kind of photovoltaic board cleaning device

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108543788A (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-09-18 罗杰敏 A kind of glass processing novel automatic operating platform
CN108599685A (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-09-28 合肥银创宏达机器人有限公司 A kind of protective device of photovoltaic array waterborne
CN109185808A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-01-11 衢州恒创新能源科技有限公司 The solar street light of bilateral illumination
CN109357224A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-02-19 衢州恒创新能源科技有限公司 Solar energy electroplax is convenient for clean solar street light
CN110332721A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-10-15 浙江中控太阳能技术有限公司 A kind of cleaning apparatus for self of heliostat
CN112039420A (en) * 2020-08-13 2020-12-04 旻投电力发展有限公司 Hydraulic drive and photovoltaic cleaning device with dust removal function

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108599685A (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-09-28 合肥银创宏达机器人有限公司 A kind of protective device of photovoltaic array waterborne
CN108543788A (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-09-18 罗杰敏 A kind of glass processing novel automatic operating platform
CN108543788B (en) * 2018-04-08 2020-09-08 山东华世力自动化科技有限公司 Automatic operation platform for glass processing
CN109185808A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-01-11 衢州恒创新能源科技有限公司 The solar street light of bilateral illumination
CN109357224A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-02-19 衢州恒创新能源科技有限公司 Solar energy electroplax is convenient for clean solar street light
CN109185808B (en) * 2018-09-18 2020-10-23 衢州恒创新能源科技有限公司 Solar street lamp with double-side illumination
CN109357224B (en) * 2018-09-18 2020-10-23 衢州恒创新能源科技有限公司 Solar street lamp with solar panel convenient to clean
CN110332721A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-10-15 浙江中控太阳能技术有限公司 A kind of cleaning apparatus for self of heliostat
CN110332721B (en) * 2019-06-21 2021-01-12 浙江中控太阳能技术有限公司 Self-cleaning device of heliostat
CN112039420A (en) * 2020-08-13 2020-12-04 旻投电力发展有限公司 Hydraulic drive and photovoltaic cleaning device with dust removal function

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