CN206966342U - High-efficiency cable wire drawing and annealing production line - Google Patents

High-efficiency cable wire drawing and annealing production line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206966342U
CN206966342U CN201720734066.2U CN201720734066U CN206966342U CN 206966342 U CN206966342 U CN 206966342U CN 201720734066 U CN201720734066 U CN 201720734066U CN 206966342 U CN206966342 U CN 206966342U
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wire
annealing
wheel
clutch
pulling
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CN201720734066.2U
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谭礼春
陈丽换
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JIANGSU HONTA MACHINERY Co Ltd
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JIANGSU HONTA MACHINERY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of high-efficiency cable wire drawing and annealing production line, including wire drawing machine and annealing machine, wire drawing machine includes transmission case, pass through pulling wheel of the wire drawing wheel shaft rotating support on transmission case, wire drawing die is provided between adjacent two pulling wheel, annealing machine includes annealing frame, annealing section positive pole guide wheel and annealing section negative pole guide wheel and annelaing pot, sizing wire drawing die is provided with after the pulling wheel of transmission case end, corresponding sizing pulling wheel rotating support is on annealing machine, sizing pulling wheel, annealing section positive pole guide wheel, annealing section negative pole guide wheel and annealing motor drive connection, same motor is driven on transmission case and two adjacent wire drawing wheel shafts are connected by idler, include fixed wire drawing section and clutch wire drawing section in the wire drawing path of wire drawing machine, an at least idler is clutch idler in clutch wire drawing section.The utility model can guarantee that keeps high speed of production in the case where difference produces line footpath, and can conveniently realize the accurate control for producing line footpath.

Description

High-efficiency cable wire drawing and annealing production line
Technical field
A kind of cable production equipment is the utility model is related to, more particularly to a kind of integration production of high efficiency wire drawing and annealing is set It is standby.
Background technology
The main material for forming electric wire is the wire rods such as copper, aluminium, and the electric wire of different size needs different size chi Very little copper, aluminium wire, it is to be formed thicker wire pulling by wire-drawing process, due to cold-working possessed by metal material The characteristic of hardening, wire rod surface after cold drawn can produce hardening, and tensile strength and yield strength substantially increase, and this is to electric wire The performance of the processing of later process and final electric wire all brings very big influence, in order to it can return to cold working before Physics and mechanical performance, eliminating internal stress and defect, wire rod must also be made annealing treatment after wire drawing shapes.Modernization Wire drawing and annealing technique uses the online wire drawing and annealing integration mode of production, and wire rod is drawn to required specification into wire drawing machine Directly output enters and carries out heating realization annealing in annealing machine to the wire rod after wire drawing by the function of current afterwards.Conventional In the online wire drawing and annealing integration mode of production, wire drawing and annealing production line is interconnected to constitute by wire drawing machine and annealing machine, drawn Determine mutual rotation speed relation between silk machine part each pulling wheel by travelling gear, the gearratio between adjacent two pulling wheel is Determine, and in drawing process, all drives are all in operation, for a drawing in the course of the work For silk machine, it is substantially identical that generally it, which inputs gauge or diameter of wire, is joined when obtaining different gauge or diameter of wires after needing wire drawing Pulling wheel quantity from wire drawing work is different, if required line footpath is thicker, participates in the pulling wheel number of wire drawing work Amount is just few, and pulling wheel thereafter is to dally, but still can now consume power;One wire drawing machine, its last pulling wheel Running speed be highest, determine the design maximum speed of wire drawing machine, obtain different gauge or diameter of wires when needing and When participating in the pulling wheel quantity difference of wire drawing work, the production output speed of wire drawing machine can only participate in last wire drawing of work The operating rate of wheel, the work linear velocity of the pulling wheel are less than the operating rate of last pulling wheel of wire drawing machine certainly, so as to The desin speed produced speed and be less than equipment of equipment can be made, efficiency declines, now produces speed if wanting raising and improve The bulk velocity of wire drawing and annealing production line, although producing speed can improve, the speed of each pulling wheel of wire drawing machine rear portion idle running Degree will be necessarily higher than the highest desin speed of wire drawing machine, the operating condition in hypervelocity excess load, will have a strong impact on making for equipment Use the life-span.In addition, conventional wire drawing and annealing production line is typically driven by forward and backward two motor, front motor driving wire drawing machine front portion Some pulling wheels, rear motor normally only drive several pulling wheels at wire drawing machine rear portion and drive moving back for wire drawing machine later process simultaneously Lighter, to ensure the rate uniformity between wire drawing machine output speed and annealing machine input speed, pass through speed difference between two motors Fine setting can also realize the accurate control of gauge or diameter of wire after wire drawing, but now after corresponding to each pulling wheel for being driven of motor Wire drawing die must also be changed one by one, and to ensure the accuracy of the wire drawing section diameter corresponding to each pulling wheel, such method causes The standby wire-drawing die quantity of wire drawing machine, kind increase, equipment mold changing activity duration length, production cost improve therewith.
Utility model content
For the above-mentioned deficiency present in prior art, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of height Cable wire drawing and annealing production line is imitated, it is ensured that high speed of production can be kept in the case where difference produces line footpath, and can Conveniently realize the accurate control for producing line footpath.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, a kind of high-efficiency cable wire drawing and annealing production line of the present utility model, including wire drawing Machine and the annealing machine for being fixed on wire drawing machine rear end, the wire drawing machine include transmission case, are arranged at some wire drawings of transmission case side Wheel, pulling wheel on transmission case, are provided with wire drawing die, the annealing by wire drawing wheel shaft rotating support between adjacent two pulling wheel Machine includes the annealing section positive pole guide wheel and annealing section negative pole guide wheel of annealing frame, rotating support in annealing frame, positioned at annealing Annelaing pot between section positive pole guide wheel and annealing section negative pole guide wheel, sizing wire drawing die is provided with transmission case side rear end, For the sizing wire drawing die after the pulling wheel of end, the aperture of sizing wire drawing die is corresponding with wire rod line footpath;In the transmission case On an at least motor is installed, the wire drawing wheel shaft on transmission case is connected with motor, is driven by same motor Dynamic and two adjacent wire drawing wheel shafts are connected by corresponding idler;Last pulling wheel is extended to from first pulling wheel Wire drawing path include in anterior fixation wire drawing section and the clutch wire drawing section positioned at rear portion, the clutch wire drawing section at least It is clutch idler to have an idler, and the clutch idler is connected with clutch driving unit;After the sizing wire drawing die Sizing pulling wheel rotating support in the annealing frame, the sizing pulling wheel, annealing section positive pole guide wheel, annelaing pot, move back Fiery section negative pole guide wheel is sequentially arranged on the wire rod path of processing wire rod to be annealed;The sizing pulling wheel, annealing section positive pole are led Wheel, annealing section negative pole guide wheel and annealing motor drive connection.
In said structure, due to being provided with sizing wire drawing die in transmission case side rear end, the sizing wire drawing die position After last pulling wheel, the aperture of sizing wire drawing die is corresponding with wire rod line footpath, then positioned at end pulling wheel on wire drawing machine It is additionally provided with sizing wire drawing die afterwards, and sizing pulling wheel corresponding with sizing wire drawing die, after sizing wire drawing die Then it is not disposed on wire drawing machine, the sizing pulling wheel can be provided with the annealing machine after wire drawing machine, such sizing pulling wheel Also just do not driven by wire drawing machine, but driven by the motor on annealing machine, therefore, when need carry out wire drawing line footpath Fine setting when, it is possible to adjust the speed of sizing pulling wheel and only change the specification of sizing wire drawing die, so as to very convenient Realize that the purpose of line footpath is produced in accurate control in ground.
Again due to being provided with an at least motor on the transmission case, wire drawing wheel shaft and motor on transmission case Drive connection, is driven by same motor and two adjacent wire drawing wheel shafts is connected by corresponding idler, then Each wire drawing wheel shaft can be driven by one or more motors, can so be selected according to the difference of wire drawing machine description Motor quantity, so as to solve, power of motor that conventional wire drawing machine drives and occurred by single motor is excessive and then the electricity that works The problem of big caused respective electric auxiliary equipment cost is too high is flowed through, declines wire drawing machine cost, the market competitiveness is stronger.
Due also to the wire drawing path that last pulling wheel is extended to from first pulling wheel includes positioned at anterior fixation wire drawing Section and the clutch wire drawing section positioned at rear portion, an at least idler be clutch idler in the clutch wire drawing section, clutch gap bridge Wheel is connected with clutch driving unit, then fixes in wire drawing section being respectively provided with fixed gearratio between adjacent two pulling wheel, The equal sustainable protection operating of each pulling wheel of wire drawing section is fixed in the wire drawing machine course of work, and clutch wire drawing section can be by by clutch The clutch idler that drive device is driven changes the drive connection relation with fixed wire drawing section, and clutch driving unit driven Clutch idler can make that there is drive connection relation between clutch wire drawing section and fixed wire drawing section, it is each in clutch wire drawing section The wire drawing that pulling wheel is together participated in wire rod with each pulling wheel in fixed wire drawing section works, so as to by wire pulling into thinner Specification;The clutch idler that clutch driving unit is driven, which can also make to depart between clutch wire drawing section and fixed wire drawing section, to be driven Annexation, thus each pulling wheel in clutch wire drawing section will not participate in wire rod wire drawing work, also will not dry run, Wire rod is drawn merely through each pulling wheel before this, is just entered directly into sizing wire drawing die afterwards and is completed final draw by sizing pulling wheel Silk work, so as into thicker specification, so, both adapt to the production requirement of the thicker wire rod of line footpath, and also keep away wire pulling Exempt to need not participate in energy loss and mechanical wear caused by the part pulling wheel dry run of wire drawing work, and wire drawing machine Production run speed can also be improved, last pulling wheel of participation wire drawing is ensure that wire drawing to design maximum speed operation Machine can keep high speed of production in the case where difference produces line footpath, be improved wire drawing machine production efficiency.
More because the sizing pulling wheel rotating support after the sizing wire drawing die is in the annealing frame, the sizing Pulling wheel, annealing section positive pole guide wheel, annelaing pot, annealing section negative pole guide wheel are sequentially arranged in the wire rod path of processing wire rod to be annealed On, the sizing pulling wheel, annealing section positive pole guide wheel, annealing section negative pole guide wheel and annealing motor drive connection, then rotate No longer there can be transmission to connect between the sizing pulling wheel being supported in annealing frame and the previous pulling wheel on wire drawing machine Relation is connect, and also no longer with wire drawing machine direct correlation on mounting structure, sizing pulling wheel is with being located at rearmost end on wire drawing machine Sizing wire drawing die coordinate, relative to the last drawing to wire rod together is completed between the previous pulling wheel of sizing wire drawing die, most The fine setting for the line footpath produced eventually is determined by the specification of sizing wire drawing wheel speed and sizing wire drawing die completely, it is no longer necessary in wire drawing The change of wire drawing wheel speed is completed on machine, the wire drawing die of required prepare more is also only sizing wire drawing die, and standby wire drawing die kind is greatly Reduce, specification adjustment becomes very convenient, so as to meet that wire drawing machine is easy to accurately control the requirement for producing line footpath;The sizing Pulling wheel, annealing section positive pole guide wheel, annealing section negative pole guide wheel and annealing motor drive connection, on the one hand can pass through annealing Motor controls the running speed of sizing pulling wheel, to meet the requirement of wire rod wire drawing specification vernier control, another Aspect can ensure the uniformity of the drive connection between each drive and last pulling wheel on cable annealing device, so as to Ensure the job requirement that annealing machine runs well, ensure that wire rod obtains good Annealing Property.
A kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, the clutch wire drawing section is positioned at last pulling wheel of fixed wire drawing section To between last pulling wheel, there is two or three idlers to be clutch idler in clutch wire drawing section, first in clutch wire drawing section Individual idler is clutch idler.Using the embodiment, all pulling wheels are respectively drawn in fixed wire drawing section with clutch In silk section, and clutch wire drawing section and fixed wire drawing section are closely adjacent, are easy to the configuration of production technology;Have two in clutch wire drawing section Or three idlers are that clutch idler can make the pulling wheel quantity of participation wire drawing work in clutch wire drawing section more neatly Configured, meet the generation requirement of various different line footpath wire rods, reach optimal production efficiency.
Another preferred embodiment of the present utility model, the clutch idler can be with the biographies on adjacent two wire drawings wheel shaft Moving gear is meshed or is separated.Using the embodiment, clutch idler has two operating positions, be easy to implement positioned at from The reliable clutch of adjacent two pulling wheels between centers drive connection before and after conjunction pulling wheel.
Another preferred embodiment of the present utility model, the clutch idler is by bearing rotating support in clutch On bridge wheel shaft, the clutch gap bridge wheel shaft is slidably supported on transmission case vertically by guide pin bushing;The clutch driving unit Be connected in cylinder on transmission case for one, the piston rod of cylinder is connected with clutch gap bridge wheel shaft, the clutch idler by from Gap bridge wheel shaft is closed to be connected with clutch driving unit.Using the embodiment, the cylinder as clutch driving unit can be square Just drive clutch gap bridge wheel shaft to slide axially, and then drive clutch idler edge of the rotating support on clutch gap bridge wheel shaft Its axially varying position, so as to realize that clutch idler is engaged or separated with the travelling gear on adjacent two wire drawings wheel shaft.
The utility model further preferred embodiment, front and rear two motor is installed on the transmission case, respectively Wire drawing wheel shaft is connected with corresponding motor respectively.Using the embodiment, front and rear two motor drives biography respectively Wire drawing wheel shaft corresponding to front and rear two parts in dynamic case, compared to single motor, the power of two motors is smaller, work electricity Stream is corresponding to be reduced, and controls electric auxiliary equipment totality cost also will substantially reduce accordingly.
Another further preferred embodiment of the utility model, the motor pass through shaft coupling and a gap bridge wheel shaft It is connected, on transmission case, the idler is connected on gap bridge wheel shaft gap bridge wheel shaft rotating support.Using the embodiment, drive Dynamic motor is by a gap bridge wheel shaft input power, and by idler one by one to adjacent wire drawing wheel shaft passing power, simple in construction, Reliably.
The another further preferred embodiment of the utility model, the side wall of the transmission case is relative to wire drawing path direction It is obliquely installed, some installation end faces for being used to install wire drawing wheel shaft, installation is provided with the side wall for the transmission case being obliquely installed End face is parallel with wire drawing path, and the axial line of the wire drawing wheel shaft is vertical with installation end face, each installation positioned at pulling wheel side End face Heterogeneous Permutation laterally successively;It is corresponding on each pulling wheel at least provided with a wire drawing guide groove on the pulling wheel Wire drawing guide groove also from first to last Heterogeneous Permutation laterally successively.Using the embodiment, described wire drawing path is wire rod wire drawing During the theoretical path run between adjacent two pulling wheel, the wire drawing path and pulling wheel axis perpendicular, inclination are set The transmission case side wall put conformity provides basis for ensure actual motion path and the wire drawing path of wire rod in drawing process Ensure, the pulling wheel from first to last to be formed a line in transmission case side wall will be because transmission case side wall be relative to wire drawing path Tilt and axially produce certain dislocation in pulling wheel, such dislocation can make wire drawing guide groove corresponding on adjacent two pulling wheel The distance of wire rod input side wire rod and axial location residing for outlet side wire rod on pulling wheel is adapted to, and wire rod is drawn upper one Next pulling wheel input winding, two wire drawings can be entered with the direction vertical with wire drawing wheel axis by being inputted on silk wheel after winding output again Wire rod inputs relatively uniform with the axial location of output on respective wire drawing guide groove on wheel, and the actual motion path of wire rod is also with regard to energy It is consistent with wire drawing path;Wire drawing wheel shaft is by installing end face and wire drawing wheel shaft rotating support hole rotating support in transmission case side wall Afterwards, it is ensured that the pulling wheel being arranged on each wire drawing wheel shaft from first to last to be formed a line in transmission case side wall can be in wire drawing Wheel shaft is to corresponding dislocation is produced, so as to can guarantee that the uniformity in the actual motion path of wire rod and wire drawing path;Each pulling wheel Upper corresponding wire drawing guide groove also from first to last Heterogeneous Permutation laterally successively, ensure that the actual motion of wire rod in drawing process The uniformity in path and wire drawing path, the adjacent wire rod wound in wire drawing guide groove will not produce contact, will not more cause wire rod There is mutual extruding in wire drawing guide groove, wire rod has already wound around when entering with pulling wheel rotation or leaving wire drawing guide groove with adjacent The friction between wire rod in wire drawing guide groove would not also produce, so as to ensure that the raising of product quality.
The further preferred embodiment of the utility model, the line between sizing pulling wheel and annealing section positive pole guide wheel Forward and backward two drive is provided with material path, preheating section guide wheel is additionally provided between two drives, in drive and preheating section The periphery of guide wheel is provided with broken string lap guard mechanism;On wire rod path between previous drive and preheating section guide wheel and latter biography Cable transversing mechanism is respectively arranged with wire rod path between driving wheel and annealing section positive pole guide wheel.It is set using the embodiment The drive put may make in annealing machine that wire rod operating path length is more reasonable, ensure the performance of annealing machine, preheating section guide wheel It can be connected with the annealing power transmitting device of annealing machine and certain heated current is provided for wire rod, wire rod is obtained appropriate heating And the pre- hot function to wire rod is formed, the effect to wire annealing processing is further improved, broken string lap guard mechanism can be to wire rod Easily each position for being broken lap guard of being broken is protected before annealing, is avoided to associated actuator wheel and preheating section guide wheel Generation winds and causes to damage, and ensures annealing function Effec-tive Function;Cable transversing mechanism can be to being connect before wire annealing at two Tactile two drives, preheating section guide wheel and annealing section positive pole guide wheel plays a part of anti-concentrated wear, ensures its service life.
Another further preferred embodiment of the utility model, the broken string lap guard mechanism include lap guard baffle plate, should Working edge edge on lap guard baffle plate is adjacent with the drive or the preheating section guide wheel gap, and its clearance t is 0.15-1 millis Rice;The lap guard baffle plate is arranged in the annealing frame by lap guard support.Using the embodiment, lap guard baffle plate will be right Drive or preheating section guide wheel periphery are separated, and lap guard baffle plate prevents drive or preheating section guide wheel periphery from communicating, when When having wire rod broken string, post-rift wire rod from preceding road wire drawing machine to annealing machine that conveyed from will can not by lap guard baffle It is wound into before shutting down on corresponding drive or the preheating section guide wheel of continuous running, so as to effectively prevent wire rod broken end pair in annealing machine The winding of drive or preheating section guide wheel, and then can avoid to damage caused by drive or preheating section guide wheel possibility;Lap guard Gap is left between baffle plate and drive or preheating section guide wheel, the normal operation of drive or preheating section guide wheel will not be produced and appointed What is influenceed, and the gap is close to or smaller than the line footpath for the wire rod that drive or preheating section guide wheel are driven, it is ensured that wire rod is broken The reliable realization of head anti-winding function.
The another further preferred embodiment of the utility model, the cable transversing mechanism include being arranged on annealing machine Traversing bearing on frame, expansion bearing has traversing guide pillar slide on traversing bearing, is pacified on traversing guide pillar slide by insulating Dress seat is provided with some traversing guide pillars, and traversing motor, the traversing guide pillar slide are also equipped with the traversing bearing It is connected with traversing motor by cam auxiliary driving.Using the embodiment, traversing guide pillar is arranged at by insulating mounting seat Some traversing guide pillars on slide can play separation and guide effect to each wire rod operated in annealing machine, and wire rod is from adjacent Passed through between two traversing guide pillars, the position of traversing guide pillar just determines the running position of wire rod, when expansion bearing is in traversing bearing On traversing guide pillar slide drive traversing guide pillar operating wire rod will along when change in location occurs perpendicular to wire rod traffic direction Change lateral attitude, and the generation for the electric leakage that can avoid being likely to occur by insulating mounting seat therewith;Traversing guide pillar slide will The reciprocating motion on traversing bearing is realized by the way that cam is secondary under the driving of traversing motor, so as to take traversing guide pillar to Along reciprocal position change is produced on wire rod traffic direction, operating wire rod will ceaselessly change horizontal running position therewith To put, wire rod operates on a certain axial location of associated actuator wheel in which would not also be relatively fixed always, but in associated actuator Wheel shaft changes position to continuous, and correspondingly associated actuator wheel also can just not produce surface concentrated wear again, be moved back so as to ensure that Lighter normally longtime running.
Brief description of the drawings
The utility model high-efficiency cable wire drawing and annealing production line is made with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings further Describe in detail.
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of embodiment of the utility model high-efficiency cable wire drawing and annealing production line;
Fig. 2 is the enlarged diagram at I positions in structure shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the drive connection schematic diagram of wire drawing machine in structure shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of wire drawing machine in structure shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the close-up schematic view at clutch pulling wheel position in structure shown in Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the positive structure schematic of annealing machine in structure shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is the structure schematic diagram of annealing machine in structure shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 8 is the structure enlargement diagram at the lap guard of structure interrupt line shown in Fig. 6 mechanism position;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of cable transversing mechanism in structure shown in Fig. 6;
Figure 10 is the upward view of structure shown in Fig. 9.
In figure:1- wire drawing machinees, 11- transmission cases, the first pulling wheels of 12-, 13- wire drawing dies, 14- pulling wheels, 15- mistakes Bridge wheel shaft, 16- wire drawings wheel shaft, 17- fix wire drawing section, 18- travelling gears, 19- idlers, 110- shaft couplings, 111- Motor, 112- clutch gap bridges wheel shaft, 113- clutch driving units, 114- clutches idler, 115- clutch wire drawings section, 116- ends pulling wheel, 117- sizings wire drawing die, 118- installations end face, 119- guide pin bushings, 120- wire drawings guide groove, 2- annealing Machine, 21- annealing frame, 22- sizings pulling wheel, 23- drives, 24- broken strings lap guard mechanism, 241- lap guards baffle plate, 2411- working edges edge, 242- lap guards support, 25- cables transversing mechanism, 251- traversings bearing, 252- guide grooves, 253- are horizontal Dynamic guide pillar slide, 254- traversings guide pillar, 255- insulating mountings seat, 256- traversings motor, 257- cams are secondary, 2571- Thumb wheel, 2572- rollers, 2573- poles, 26- preheating sections guide wheel, 27- annealing section positive poles guide wheel, 28- annelaing pots, 29- Annealing section output guide wheel, 210- annealing section negative poles guide wheel, 211- annealing motors.
Embodiment
In the high-efficiency cable wire drawing and annealing production line shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, wire drawing machine 1 is mutually connected with annealing machine 2, moves back Lighter 2 is located at the rear end of wire drawing machine 1, treats that the wire rod of wire drawing is entered in wire drawing machine 1 from paying out machine output, along wire drawing path through wire drawing After enter the operation of the interior edge wire rod path of annealing machine 2 and carry out online annealing, exported after completing annealing from annealing machine 2 Admission machine take-up is entered, so as to complete the processing of the wire drawing and annealing of wire rod.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, the transmission case 11 in wire drawing machine 1 is the basic component of whole wire drawing machine 1, wire drawing machine 1 it is each Workpiece is supported on transmission case 1, and transmission case 1 is long trough body structure, and the side of transmission case 11 is provided with some wire drawings Wheel 14, pulling wheel 14 include the first pulling wheel 12 positioned at the front end of transmission case 11 and the end pulling wheel positioned at the rear end of transmission case 11 116, formed a line from first pulling wheel 12 to a last each pulling wheel 14 of pulling wheel 116, each pulling wheel 14 is connected in respective drawing Silk wheel shaft 16 on, each wire drawing wheel shaft 16 by the bearing rotating support on the two side of transmission case 11 on transmission case 11, Wire drawing die 13 is provided between adjacent two pulling wheel 14, treats the wire rod of Wire Drawing from front to back successively in previous pulling wheel 14 On wire drawing guide groove 120 in wind after through wire drawing die 13 enter next pulling wheel 14, from first pulling wheel 12 to last drawing The path that silk 116 wire rods of wheel are run between adjacent two pulling wheel 14 is concatenated into wire drawing path, and the wire drawing path is one with drawing The vertical theoretical path of silk 14 axis of wheel, the side wall of transmission case 11 are obliquely installed relative to wire drawing path direction, are being obliquely installed Transmission case 11 side wall on be provided with it is some be used to the installation end faces 118 of wire drawing wheel shaft 16 are installed, end face 118 and wire drawing are installed Path is parallel, and the axial line of wire drawing wheel shaft 16 is vertical with installation end face 118, positioned at each installation end face 118 of the side of pulling wheel 14 Heterogeneous Permutation laterally successively;At least provided with a wire drawing guide groove 120 on each pulling wheel 14, transported in each wire drawing guide groove 120 Piece wiredrawing wire rod of row, the corresponding wire drawing guide groove 120 of same root wiredrawing wire rod is run on each pulling wheel 14 also from first to last Heterogeneous Permutation laterally successively, wire rod so in drawing process wound in wire drawing guide groove 120 will not phase mutual friction, can protect Demonstrate,prove wire quality.An at least motor 111 is installed on the transmission case 11, the wire drawing wheel shaft 16 on transmission case 11 is with driving Dynamic motor 111 is connected, preferably, being provided with front and rear two motor 111 on transmission case 11, each wire drawing wheel shaft 16 divides It is not connected with corresponding motor 111;Driven by same motor 111 and two adjacent wire drawing wheel shafts 16 by with Corresponding to idler 19 be connected;Travelling gear 18 is installed on wire drawing wheel shaft 16, idler 19 is and travelling gear 18 corresponding gears, idler 19 are located between the corresponding travelling gear 8 on adjacent two wire drawings wheel shaft 16;In each idler 19 In include clutch idler 114, wherein, idler 19 is connected on respective gap bridge wheel shaft 15, gap bridge wheel shaft 15 rotate branch Hold on transmission case 11, and clutch idler 114 by bearing rotating support on clutch gap bridge wheel shaft 112, referring to Fig. 5, from Close gap bridge wheel shaft 112 to be slidably supported on transmission case 11 vertically by guide pin bushing 119, clutch idler 114 passes through clutch Bridge wheel shaft 112 is connected with clutch driving unit 113, and clutch driving unit 113 is a cylinder being connected on transmission case 11, The piston rod of cylinder is connected with clutch gap bridge wheel shaft 112, by clutch driving unit 113 drive clutch gap bridge wheel shaft 112 drive from Close idler 114 and change operating position vertically, make clutch idler 114 can be with corresponding transmission on adjacent two wire drawings wheel shaft 16 Gear 18 is meshed or is separated;Motor 111 is connected by shaft coupling 110 with a gap bridge wheel shaft 15, and motor 111 is logical The input power of gap bridge wheel shaft 15 is crossed, and each wire drawing is driven one by one to the adjacent passing power of wire drawing wheel shaft 16 by idler 19 The work of wheel 14.
The wire drawing path that last pulling wheel 116 is extended to from first pulling wheel 12 includes positioned at anterior fixation wire drawing section 17 and the clutch wire drawing section 115 positioned at rear portion, adjacent two pulling wheel driven by same motor 111 in fixed wire drawing section 17 It is connected between 14 by idler 19 and is located at fixed wire drawing section 17 with fixed gearratio, clutch wire drawing section 115 Last pulling wheel 14 is between the pulling wheel 116 of end, and clutch idler 114 is located in clutch wire drawing section 115, in clutch wire drawing An at least idler 19 is clutch idler 114 in section 115, and first idler 19 is clutch in clutch wire drawing section 115 Idler 114, it is clutch idler 114 that can generally have two or three idlers 19 in clutch wire drawing section 115, preferably, It is clutch idler 114 to have two idlers 19 in clutch wire drawing section 115, between adjacent two clutches idler 114 and last Include two to four pulling wheels 14 after one clutch idler 114.
Referring to Fig. 2, the side rear end of transmission case 11 is provided with sizing wire drawing die 117, the sizing wire drawing die 117 is positioned at end After pulling wheel 116, the aperture of sizing wire drawing die 117 is corresponding with the final line footpath of wire rod, the sizing after sizing wire drawing die 117 The rotating support of pulling wheel 22 is in the annealing frame 21.
As shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, annealing machine 2 includes annealing frame 21, and annealing frame 21 is a frame with direct bearing wall The framework on frame structural member, direct bearing wall and periphery forms the structure space of positive and negative both sides, and Fig. 6 is illustrated that positive side structure is empty Between, Fig. 7 is illustrated that structure space of tossing about, and the wire rod annealed is operated in positive side structure space, sizing pulling wheel 22 rotating supports one side adjacent with wire drawing machine 1 on the annealing direct bearing wall of frame 21, is also annealing in this structure space Rotating support has annealing section positive pole guide wheel 27 and annealing section negative pole guide wheel 210 on direct bearing wall in frame 21, positioned at annealing Annelaing pot 28 between section positive pole guide wheel 27 and annealing section negative pole guide wheel 210 is arranged on direct bearing wall, in sizing pulling wheel Forward and backward two drive 23 is provided with wire rod path between 22 and annealing section positive pole guide wheel 27, between two drives 23 also Preheating section guide wheel 26 is provided with, the wire rod annealed is by sizing pulling wheel 22, the transmission of front and rear two drive 23 and two The line that preheating section guide wheel 26, annealing section positive pole guide wheel 27, annelaing pot 28, annealing section negative pole guide wheel 210 between wheel 23 are formed Material is run on path, is drawn after completing annealing from the annealing section output guide wheel 29 positioned at the exit of annelaing pot 28, then through correlation Drive guide wheel output is entered in the admission machine after annealing machine 2.It is provided with the periphery of drive 23 and preheating section guide wheel 26 Break lap guard mechanism 24, and broken string lap guard mechanism 24 is located at the U-shaped wire rod road formed around drive 23 or preheating section guide wheel 26 Between footpath, on the wire rod path between previous drive 23 and preheating section guide wheel 26 and latter drive 23 and annealing section positive pole Cable transversing mechanism 25 is respectively arranged with wire rod path between guide wheel 27.
Referring to Fig. 8, broken string lap guard mechanism 24 includes lap guard baffle plate 241, the working edge on the lap guard baffle plate 241 along 2411 and Drive 23 or the gap of preheating section guide wheel 27 are adjacent, and its clearance t is 0.15-1 millimeters, the working edge edge on lap guard baffle plate 241 2411 is corresponding with the axial length of drive 23 or preheating section guide wheel 27, and lap guard baffle plate 241 is arranged on by lap guard support 242 On the direct bearing wall for frame 21 of annealing.
Referring to Fig. 9 and Figure 10, cable transversing mechanism 25 includes the traversing being arranged on the direct bearing wall of annealing frame 21 Bearing 251, traversing bearing 251 are cantilever members, and guide groove 252, traversing guide pillar slide 253 are provided with traversing bearing 251 By the expansion bearing of guide groove 252 on traversing bearing 251, it is provided with traversing guide pillar slide 253 by insulating mounting seat 255 Some traversing guide pillars 254, between the wire rod made annealing treatment navigates within adjacent two traversings guide pillar 254, in traversing bearing Traversing motor 256 is also equipped with 251, traversing guide pillar slide 253 is passed with traversing motor 256 by cam pair 257 Dynamic to connect, the cam in cam pair 257 therein is the discoid thumb wheel on the output shaft of traversing motor 256 2571, the end face of thumb wheel 2571 is obliquely installed with the output shaft axis of traversing motor 256, and the driven member of cam pair 257 has Two groups, two groups of driven members are divided into the both ends of thumb wheel 2571, and driven member is roller 2572 of the rotating support on pole 2573, rolling The end contact that 2572 peripheries are taken turns with thumb wheel 2571 is connected, and pole 2573 is connected on traversing guide pillar slide 253, when traversing drives Motor 256 drives traversing guide pillar slide 253 to be transported in guide groove 252 along the axial reciprocating of traversing motor 256 by cam pair 257 When dynamic, the traversing guide pillar 254 on traversing guide pillar slide 253 drives operating wire rod to move back and forth change in associated actuator wheel table Running position on the axial direction of face, avoid producing concentrated wear to its surface.
Preheating section guide wheel 26, annealing section positive pole guide wheel between sizing pulling wheel 22, two drives 23 and two drives 23 27th, annealing section negative pole guide wheel 210 and annealing section output guide wheel 29 are installed on respective power transmission shaft, each drive axis supporting Entered on the direct bearing wall of annealing frame 21 and through the direct bearing wall of annealing frame 21 in annealing frame 21 uprightly Abutment wall is tossed about in structure space with what peripheral frame was formed, and annealing motor 211 is provided with this structure space, is pre- Hot arc guide wheel 26, annealing section positive pole guide wheel 27, annealing section negative pole guide wheel 210 and annealing section output guide wheel 29 provide annealing heating The annealing power transmitting device of electric power is also mounted in this structure space;Annealing motor 211 and sizing pulling wheel 22, two drives 23 and two preheating section guide wheel 26, annealing section positive pole guide wheel 27, annealing section negative pole guide wheel 210 and the annealing section between drive 23 Output guide wheel 29 by respective power transmission shaft drive pulley be connected through transmission belt, so, when need carry out wire drawing During the fine setting of line footpath, it is possible to adjust the speed of sizing pulling wheel 22 by motor 211 of annealing and only change sizing wire drawing The specification of mould 117, so as to easily realize that the purpose of line footpath is produced in accurate control.
Some embodiments of the present utility model are only listed above, but the utility model is not limited to that, also More improvement and conversion can be made, such as may not be on the transmission case 11 and front and rear two motor 111 is installed, And can be three motors 111 before, during and after being provided with, the motor 111 may not be by shaft coupling 110 It is connected with a gap bridge wheel shaft 15, and can be connected by shaft coupling 110 with a wire drawing wheel shaft 16 to drive each work of pulling wheel 14 Make;Set drive 23 can also on the wire rod path between sizing pulling wheel 22 and annealing section positive pole guide wheel 27 Do not have two, and can be according to the entirety of annealing machine 2 need set one or three or more;The broken string lap guard mechanism 24 The periphery for being provided only on two drives 23 and preheating section guide wheel 26 is may not be, and can be provided in outside any drive 23 Week, or it is arranged on the periphery of other active wheels on wire rod path.And so on, as long as on the utility model general principle basis Upper made improvement and conversion, are regarded as falling into the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of high-efficiency cable wire drawing and annealing production line, including wire drawing machine(1)With being fixed on wire drawing machine(1)The annealing machine of rear end (2), the wire drawing machine(1)Including transmission case(11), it is arranged at transmission case(11)Some pulling wheels of side(14), pulling wheel (14)Pass through wire drawing wheel shaft(16)Rotating support is in transmission case(11)On, adjacent two pulling wheel(14)Between be provided with wire drawing die (13), the annealing machine(2)Including frame of annealing(21), rotating support annealing frame(21)On annealing section positive pole guide wheel (27)With annealing section negative pole guide wheel(210), positioned at annealing section positive pole guide wheel(27)With annealing section negative pole guide wheel(210)Between move back Fire-box(28), it is characterised in that:In the transmission case(11)Side rear end is provided with sizing wire drawing die(117), the sizing wire drawing Mould(117)Positioned at last pulling wheel(116)Afterwards, sizing wire drawing die(117)Aperture it is corresponding with wire rod line footpath;In the biography Dynamic case(11)On an at least motor is installed(111), transmission case(11)On wire drawing wheel shaft(16)With motor(111) Drive connection, by same motor(111)Driving and two adjacent wire drawing wheel shafts(16)Pass through corresponding idler (19)Drive connection;From first pulling wheel(12)Extend to last pulling wheel(116)Wire drawing path include positioned at anterior Fixed wire drawing section(17)With the clutch wire drawing section positioned at rear portion(115), the clutch wire drawing section(115)In an at least idler (19)For clutch idler(114), the clutch idler(114)With clutch driving unit(113)Drive connection;The sizing is drawn Silk mould(117)Sizing pulling wheel afterwards(22)Rotating support is in the annealing frame(21)On, the sizing pulling wheel(22)、 Annealing section positive pole guide wheel(27), annelaing pot(28), annealing section negative pole guide wheel(210)It is sequentially arranged in the line of processing wire rod to be annealed On material path;The sizing pulling wheel(22), annealing section positive pole guide wheel(27), annealing section negative pole guide wheel(210)Driven with annealing Motor(211)Drive connection.
2. high-efficiency cable wire drawing and annealing production line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The clutch wire drawing section (115)Positioned at fixed wire drawing section(17)Last pulling wheel(14)To last pulling wheel(116)Between, in clutch wire drawing section (115)Inside there are two or three idlers(19)For clutch idler(114), clutch wire drawing section(115)In first idler (19)For clutch idler(114).
3. high-efficiency cable wire drawing and annealing production line according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:The clutch idler (114)Can be with adjacent two wire drawings wheel shaft(16)On travelling gear(18)It is meshed or is separated.
4. high-efficiency cable wire drawing and annealing production line according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The clutch idler (114)By bearing rotating support in clutch gap bridge wheel shaft(112)On, the clutch gap bridge wheel shaft(112)Pass through guide pin bushing(119) Transmission case is slidably supported on vertically(11)On;The clutch driving unit(113)Transmission case is connected in for one(11)On Cylinder, piston rod and the clutch gap bridge wheel shaft of cylinder(112)It is connected, the clutch idler(114)Passed a bridge wheel shaft by clutch (112)With clutch driving unit(113)Drive connection.
5. high-efficiency cable wire drawing and annealing production line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the transmission case(11)On Front and rear two motor is installed(111), each wire drawing wheel shaft(16)Respectively with corresponding motor(111)Drive connection.
6. high-efficiency cable wire drawing and annealing production line according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterised in that:The motor (111)Pass through shaft coupling(110)With a gap bridge wheel shaft(15)It is connected, gap bridge wheel shaft(15)Rotating support is in transmission case(11)On, The idler(19)It is connected in respective gap bridge wheel shaft(15)On.
7. high-efficiency cable wire drawing and annealing production line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The transmission case(11)Side Wall is obliquely installed relative to wire drawing path direction, in the transmission case being obliquely installed(11)Side wall on be provided with it is some be used for install Wire drawing wheel shaft(16)Installation end face(118), end face is installed(118)It is parallel with wire drawing path, the wire drawing wheel shaft(16)Axle Heart line and installation end face(118)Vertically, positioned at pulling wheel(14)Each installation end face of side(118)Dislocation is arranged laterally successively Row;In the pulling wheel(14)On at least provided with a wire drawing guide groove(120), each pulling wheel(14)Upper corresponding wire drawing guide groove (120)Also from first to last Heterogeneous Permutation laterally successively.
8. high-efficiency cable wire drawing and annealing production line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In sizing pulling wheel(22)With Annealing section positive pole guide wheel(27)Between wire rod path on be provided with forward and backward two drive(23), in two drives(23)Between It is additionally provided with preheating section guide wheel(26), in drive(23)With preheating section guide wheel(26)Periphery be provided with broken string lap guard mechanism (24);In previous drive(23)With preheating section guide wheel(26)Between wire rod path on and latter drive(23)With annealing section Positive pole guide wheel(27)Between wire rod path on be respectively arranged with cable transversing mechanism(25).
9. high-efficiency cable wire drawing and annealing production line according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The broken string lap guard mechanism (24)Including lap guard baffle plate(241), the lap guard baffle plate(241)On working edge edge(2411)With the drive(23)It is or described Preheating section guide wheel(27)Gap is adjacent, and its clearance t is 0.15-1 millimeters;The lap guard baffle plate(241)Pass through lap guard support (242)Installed in the annealing frame(21)On.
10. high-efficiency cable wire drawing and annealing production line according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The cable transversing mechanism (25)Including installed in annealing frame(21)On traversing bearing(251), in traversing bearing(251)Upper expansion bearing has traversing to lead Post slide(253), in traversing guide pillar slide(253)It is upper to pass through insulating mounting seat(255)It is provided with some traversing guide pillars(254), In the traversing bearing(251)On be also equipped with traversing motor(256), the traversing guide pillar slide(253)Driven with traversing Dynamic motor(256)Pass through cam pair(257)Drive connection.
CN201720734066.2U 2017-06-22 2017-06-22 High-efficiency cable wire drawing and annealing production line Active CN206966342U (en)

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CN201720734066.2U CN206966342U (en) 2017-06-22 2017-06-22 High-efficiency cable wire drawing and annealing production line

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Denomination of utility model: Efficient cable wire drawing and annealing production line

Effective date of registration: 20200414

Granted publication date: 20180206

Pledgee: Jintang Huijin Village Bank Co., Ltd.

Pledgor: JIANGSU HONTA MACHINERY Co.,Ltd.

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