CN206965209U - A kind of gas-liquid multi-stage separation device of pump incoming gassiness experiment - Google Patents

A kind of gas-liquid multi-stage separation device of pump incoming gassiness experiment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206965209U
CN206965209U CN201720586203.2U CN201720586203U CN206965209U CN 206965209 U CN206965209 U CN 206965209U CN 201720586203 U CN201720586203 U CN 201720586203U CN 206965209 U CN206965209 U CN 206965209U
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gas
separate section
liquid
tank body
helix tube
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CN201720586203.2U
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崔宝玲
蔡明哲
林培峰
翟露露
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Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU
Zhejiang University of Science and Technology ZUST
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Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of gas-liquid multi-stage separation device of pump incoming gassiness experiment.Including tank body and first, second, and third grade of separate section being placed in tank body, first order separate section is placed in the upper space of tank inner chamber, second level separate section is placed in inner tank wall side face, connected between first order separate section and second level separate section by water pipe, third level separate section is placed in tank base;First order separate section includes helix tube, nozzle and deflection plate, and second level separate section includes annular housing, inlet baffle, gas-liquid separation plate and outlet damper, the conical flow guiding pipe that third level separate section includes liquid separatnig plate and upper end is big, lower end is small.The utility model mechanism is compact, and separative efficiency is high, can effectively solve the problems, such as fluid degasification in experiment and engineering.

Description

A kind of gas-liquid multi-stage separation device of pump incoming gassiness experiment
Technical field
Pump experimental field and chemical machinery technical field are the utility model is related to, specifically a kind of pump incoming gassiness is real The gas-liquid multi-stage separation device tested.In addition to it can meet the separation of gas not soluble in water in water, other fluids can also be met In gas insoluble in fluid separation.
Background technology
In enterprise or laboratory, the test medium of pump experimental bench is typically all water, and is to recycle.By storing up Water pot suction pump, then it is discharged into by the outlet of pump in water tank.The experiment aerator of incoming gassiness is normally at pump and storage Inlet duct between water pot.But to ensure that the gas phase percentage composition at pump intake is controlled by aerator completely, then Just need to ensure the water in water tank without the aerating because of porch and containing unnecessary gas.
So we will be to its degasification before the water inflow water tank of gas was added.Depassing unit be located at pump and water tank it Between.With the raising of biphase gas and liquid flow research temperature, the demand of gas-liquid separation device is also gradually risen.And accounted in separation fluid In terms of main gas-liquid mixture fluid, conventional separator is relatively simple.Normal existing gas-liquid separation device utilizes only weight mostly Power separates, and first allows the speed of fluid to lower and is separated again, separative efficiency is less desirable, and bulky, is unfavorable for The small laboratory of floor space.
Utility model content
In order to solve the above problems, the utility model proposes a kind of gas-liquid multi-stage separation device of pump incoming gassiness experiment. The utility model is made up of three-level separator.It make use of a variety of separation principles so that fluid is not only when speed lowers Wait and carry out gas-liquid separation, but also gas-liquid separation is carried out using the speed and pressure of fluid.
Technical solutions of the utility model are:
The utility model includes tank body and the first order separate section, second level separate section and the third level that are placed in tank body Separate section, first order separate section are placed in the upper space of tank inner chamber, and second level separate section is placed in inner tank wall side face, Connected between first order separate section and second level separate section by water pipe, third level separate section is placed in tank base, tank The cover of body is provided with top gas outlet, and wire gauzee filter is installed at the gas outlet of top;Gas-liquid two-phase flows through first order separation successively Partly, second level separate section and third level separate section complete gas-liquid separation.
Described first order separate section is mainly by helix tube, nozzle and baffle groups into helix tube is along flat thread The pipeline configuration of arrangement, is arranged at intervals with multiple nozzles on helix tube, and at each nozzle ports near be provided with deflection plate.
For each nozzle, nozzle is connected to outer wall of the helix tube top close to central side, and nozzle is along the spiral shell where itself The arrangement that extends radially outwardly of coil circular cross-section so that plane where nozzle and helix tube flat thread into 45 degree, nozzle and The tangential direction of helix tube where itself is into 45 degree;Deflection plate is in inverted L-shaped, towards nozzle on the inside of inverted L-shaped.
First order separate section of the present utility model combines centrifugal force separate, baffling separation and silk screen filter, utilizes stream The speed and pressure of body carry out gas-liquid separation.Centrifugal force separate is wherein carried out by helix tube, the opening direction of jet pipe is special to be set Put, be advantageous to bubble and discharged inside jet pipe.
Described helix tube, as outlet, exports entering through connecting tube and second level separate section close to the port of central side Mouth connection communicates;Port of the described helix tube away from central side is connected as entrance, entrance through water pipe with external pump water source.
Described second level separate section is mainly by annular housing, inlet baffle, gas-liquid separation plate, outlet damper and overflow Mouth composition, inner tank wall post side face one enclose;The entrance of two pieces of vertical parallel installations is provided between the inside and outside wall of annular housing side The inside and outside wall of baffle plate, two block entrance baffle plates and annular housing surrounds the entrance cavity space of only upper end open, entrance cavity space jointly The annular housing inwall of bottom is provided with tank entry;One piece of outlet damper is provided between the inside and outside wall of annular housing opposite side, is gone out Annular housing inwall above mouth baffle plate opens up overfall;Outlet damper is respectively in the annular housing between two block entrance baffle plates Portion space forms two arc cavities being arranged symmetrically, and gas-liquid separation plate, gas-liquid are provided between the inside and outside wall of each arc cavity Separating plate extends from inlet baffle to outlet damper direction and tilts down arrangement.
Described annular housing inwall top is higher than inlet baffle top, and inlet baffle top is higher than outlet damper top, Outlet damper top is higher than overfall.
Described gas-liquid separation plate top is between inlet baffle top and outlet damper top, gas-liquid separation plate bottom Less than between outlet damper top.
Described third level separate section is mainly made up of the conical flow guiding pipe that liquid separatnig plate and upper end are big, lower end is small, tank body Bottom center is provided with tank exit cone mozzle lower end and is fixedly connected with tank body and is communicated with liquid outlet, and liquid separatnig plate is flatly installed In conical flow guiding pipe upper end.
Described device uses in the multi-stage separation of gas-liquid two-phase fluid, and gas does not dissolve in liquid in fluid.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
The utility model can not only realize that fluid carries out gas-liquid separation when speed lowers, but also utilize stream The speed and pressure of body carry out gas-liquid separation.
Helix tube of the present utility model adds fluid in the time in first order separate section, makes separation more abundant.
The gas-liquid separation device that the utility model is announced is to account for main (90% or so) for liquid, is accounted at present for liquid The gas-liquid separation device of key component is also less, and the utility model supplements the vacancy of such separator.
The utility model is that gas-liquid two-phase research is provided convenience.Only need on traditional testing stand plus an aerating fills Put with the utility model device, the research of two phase flow can be done by allowing for traditional testing stand.
The utility model is compact-sized, and separative efficiency is high, can effectively solve the problems, such as fluid degasification in experiment and engineering.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the side half sectional view of gas-liquid separation device;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view cutaway drawing one of gas-liquid separation device;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view cutaway drawing two of gas-liquid separation device;
Fig. 4 is that view is circumferentially deployed in the part of annular water tank and tank body;
Fig. 5 is one of jet pipe opening direction schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is the two of jet pipe opening direction schematic diagram.
In figure:Top gas outlet 1, wire gauzee filter 2, cover 3, helix tube 4, nozzle 5, annular water tank 6, inlet baffle 7th, gas-liquid separation plate 8, liquid separatnig plate 9, conical baffle 10, deflection plate 11, overfall 12, outlet damper 13, tank body 14, water tank enter Mouth 15, connecting tube 16, water pipe 17, tank outlet 18.
Embodiment
Specific embodiment of the present utility model is further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in figure 1, the utility model specific implementation include tank body 14 be placed in tank body 14 first order separate section, Second level separate section and third level separate section, first order separate section are placed in the upper space of the inner chamber of tank body 14, the second level Separate section is placed in the inwall side face of tank body 14, is connected between first order separate section and second level separate section by water pipe 17, Third level separate section is placed in the bottom of tank body 14, and the cover 3 of tank body 14 is provided with top gas outlet 1, installed at top gas outlet 1 Wire gauzee filter 2.
As shown in Fig. 2 first order separate section is mainly made up of helix tube 4, nozzle 5 and deflection plate 11, helix tube 4 is edge The pipeline configuration of flat thread arrangement, is arranged at intervals with multiple nozzles 5 on helix tube 4, and at each port of nozzle 5 near set It is equipped with deflection plate 11.
As shown in figures 5 and 6, for each nozzle 5, nozzle 5 is connected to outer wall of the top of helix tube 4 close to central side, Extend radially outwardly arrangement of the nozzle 5 along the circular cross-section of helix tube 4 where itself so that nozzle 5 and the flat thread of helix tube 4 Place plane is into 45 degree, and the tangential direction of nozzle 5 and the helix tube 4 where itself is into 45 degree;Deflection plate 11 is in inverted L-shaped, inverted L-shaped Inner side is towards nozzle 5.
Helix tube 4, as outlet, exports the entrance through connecting tube 16 Yu second level separate section close to the port of central side Connection communicates;Described port of the helix tube 4 away from central side is connected as entrance, entrance through water pipe 17 with external pump water source.
Shown as shown in Figure 1, Figure 3 and Figure 4, second level separate section is mainly by annular housing 6, inlet baffle 7, gas-liquid separation plate 8th, outlet damper 13 and overfall 12 are formed, and the circle of pilaster side face one is surrounded provided with annular housing 6 by plate in tank body 14, and with Outer wall of the outer wall of tank body 14 as annular housing 6;Two pieces of vertical parallel peaces are provided between the inside and outside wall of the side of annular housing 6 The inside and outside wall of the inlet baffle 7 of dress, two block entrance baffle plates 7 and annular housing 6 surrounds the entrance cavity space of only upper end open jointly, The inwall of annular housing 6 of entrance cavity space bottom is provided with tank entry 15, the going out through connecting tube 16 and helix tube 4 of tank entry 15 Mouth connection communicates;
One piece of outlet damper 13, the block entrance of outlet damper 13 and two gear are provided between the inside and outside wall of the opposite side of annular housing 6 7 symmetrical arrangement of plate, the inwall of annular housing 6 of the top of outlet damper 13 open up overfall 12;
Inlet baffle 7 and outlet damper 13 prevent that fluid forms annularly flow in case, and outlet damper 13 enters with two pieces respectively The inner space of annular housing 6 between mouth baffle plate 7 forms two arc cavities being arranged symmetrically, the inside and outside wall of each arc cavity Between be provided with gas-liquid separation plate 8, gas-liquid separation plate 8 extends from inlet baffle 7 to the direction of outlet damper 13 and tilts down arrangement.
The inwall top of annular housing 6 is higher than the top of inlet baffle 7, and the top of inlet baffle 7 is higher than the top of outlet damper 13, The top of outlet damper 13 is higher than overfall 12.The level height of inlet baffle 7 is higher than outlet damper 13, can cause fluid always Flowed from entrance toward overfall 12, while inlet baffle 7 can make the fluid down that helix tube 4 flows into.
The top of gas-liquid separation plate 8 is between the top of inlet baffle 7 and the top of outlet damper 13, the bottom of gas-liquid separation plate 8 Less than between the top of outlet damper 13.In specific implementation, 8 tops and the top of overfall 12 of gas-liquid separation plate can be similar, Overfall 12 is flowed to below gas-liquid separation plate 8 with water base ensured in water tank.
As shown in figure 1, third level separate section is mainly by liquid separatnig plate 9 and upper end are big, lower end is small 10 groups of conical flow guiding pipe Into the bottom center of tank body 14 is provided with tank outlet 18, and tank outlet 18 is drained by conical flow guiding pipe 10 flows out, conical flow guiding pipe 10 Lower end is fixedly connected with tank body 14 and communicated with liquid outlet, and liquid separatnig plate 9 is horizontally mounted at the upper end of conical flow guiding pipe 10. Collection liquid space is formed between the bottom surface of tank body 14 and conical flow guiding pipe 10.Conical baffle 10 has one in funnel-form to the fluid of discharge The effect of individual current stabilization.
Multi-stage separation process of the present utility model is:
Gas-liquid two-phase fluid-mixing initially enters helix tube 4, is provided with equally distributed nozzle 5 on helix tube 4, above nozzle Equipped with deflection plate 11.The quantity of nozzle and deflection plate is determined on a case-by-case basis.
Because liquid phase overweights gas phase under the double action of centrifugal force and gravity, during bubble follows fluid motion, liquid Deviation of the meeting lower outside of helix tube 4 flows along helix tube 4, and bubble can then be inclined to the upper inner of helix tube 4 and be centrifuged along helix tube 4 Flowing, so the setting of nozzle 5 is as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6.So a part of gas and water meeting in the presence of flow velocity and pressure Gush out from the inside of nozzle 5, blocked by deflection plate 11, gas part flows away upwards from 11 horizontal support plate of deflection plate, and water is then in weight Inside the liquid collecting tank space for flowing downwardly into third level separate section in the presence of power along the vertical support plate of deflection plate 11.
Then entered by the main flow of helix tube 4 by pipeline in the separate section of the second level, inlet baffle 7 and outlet damper 13 Annular water tank 6 is mainly divided into two parts by effect, internal flow is first entered by tank entry 15 and is climbed over entrance gear upwards Plate 7 is flowed in the arc cavity of both sides behind top, then is flowed into from arc cavity at outlet damper 13, and at outlet damper 13 Overfall 12 flow out to inside the liquid collecting tank space of third level separate section, so as to avoid the formation of the annular in annular water tank 6 Flowing.
Two block entrance baffle plates 7, which form inlet chamber space, can also make helix tube 4 flow through the fluid down come, to carry out weight Power separates.
When fluid flows through gas-liquid separation plate 8 of arc cavity, under gravity, gas is along gas-liquid separation Plate 8 rises, and water just flows away from below.
The liquid in liquid collecting tank space covers conical flow guiding pipe 10 and gone out from the outflow of tank outlet 18, above-mentioned all gas from top Gas port 1 is discharged, and the fluid after two-stage separates finally completes last separation in tank body 14 using gravity.

Claims (7)

  1. A kind of 1. gas-liquid multi-stage separation device of pump incoming gassiness experiment, it is characterised in that:Including tank body (14) and it is placed in tank body (14) first order separate section, second level separate section and third level separate section, first order separate section in are placed in tank body (14) upper space of inner chamber, second level separate section are placed in tank body (14) inwall side face, first order separate section and the second level Connected between separate section by water pipe (17), third level separate section is placed in tank body (14) bottom, the cover (3) of tank body (14) It is provided with top gas outlet (1), top gas outlet (1) place installation wire gauzee filter (2);Gas-liquid two-phase flows through first order separation successively Partly, second level separate section and third level separate section complete gas-liquid separation.
  2. A kind of 2. gas-liquid multi-stage separation device of pump incoming gassiness experiment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described First order separate section be mainly made up of helix tube (4), nozzle (5) and deflection plate (11), helix tube (4) is along flat thread The pipeline configuration of arrangement, multiple nozzles (5) are arranged at intervals with helix tube (4), and are nearby set at each nozzle (5) port There is deflection plate (11);For each nozzle (5), nozzle (5) is connected to helix tube (4) top close to the outer wall of central side, nozzle (5) along the arrangement that extends radially outwardly of helix tube (4) circular cross-section where itself so that nozzle (5) and helix tube (4) plane Plane where screw thread is into 45 degree, and the tangential direction of nozzle (5) and the helix tube (4) where itself is into 45 degree;Deflection plate (11) is in Inverted L-shaped, towards nozzle (5) on the inside of inverted L-shaped.
  3. A kind of 3. gas-liquid multi-stage separation device of pump incoming gassiness experiment according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:It is described Helix tube (4) close to the port of central side as outlet, export the entrance through connecting tube (16) and second level separate section and connect Connect and communicate;Port of the described helix tube (4) away from central side connects as entrance, entrance through water pipe (17) and external pump water source Connect.
  4. A kind of 4. gas-liquid multi-stage separation device of pump incoming gassiness experiment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Second level separate section mainly by annular housing (6), inlet baffle (7), gas-liquid separation plate (8), outlet damper (13) and overflow Head piece (12) forms, and the interior pilaster side face one of tank body (14) encloses;Two pieces are provided between the inside and outside wall of annular housing (6) side to put down vertically The inlet baffle (7) of row installation, the inside and outside wall of two block entrance baffle plates (7) and annular housing (6) surround only upper end open jointly Entrance cavity space, annular housing (6) inwall of entrance cavity space bottom are provided with tank entry (15);Annular housing (6) opposite side Inside and outside wall between be provided with one piece of outlet damper (13), annular housing (6) inwall above outlet damper (13) opens up overfall (12);Annular housing (6) inner space between two block entrance baffle plates (7) forms two symmetrical cloth to outlet damper (13) respectively The arc cavity put, gas-liquid separation plate (8) is provided between the inside and outside wall of each arc cavity, and gas-liquid separation plate (8) is kept off from entrance Plate (7) extends to outlet damper (13) direction and tilts down arrangement.
  5. A kind of 5. gas-liquid multi-stage separation device of pump incoming gassiness experiment according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:It is described Annular housing (6) inwall top be higher than inlet baffle (7) top, inlet baffle (7) top is higher than outlet damper (13) top, Outlet damper (13) top is higher than overfall (12).
  6. A kind of 6. gas-liquid multi-stage separation device of pump incoming gassiness experiment according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:It is described Gas-liquid separation plate (8) top between inlet baffle (7) top and outlet damper (13) top, gas-liquid separation plate (8) bottom End is less than between outlet damper (13) top.
  7. A kind of 7. gas-liquid multi-stage separation device of pump incoming gassiness experiment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Third level separate section be mainly made up of liquid separatnig plate (9) and upper end is big, lower end is small conical flow guiding pipe (10), tank body (14) bottom Face center is provided with tank outlet (18) conical flow guiding pipe (10) lower end and is fixedly connected with tank body (14) and is communicated with liquid outlet, liquid separatnig plate (9) it is horizontally mounted at conical flow guiding pipe (10) upper end.
CN201720586203.2U 2017-05-24 2017-05-24 A kind of gas-liquid multi-stage separation device of pump incoming gassiness experiment Active CN206965209U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107050931A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-08-18 浙江理工大学 Pump come flow gassiness experiment gas-liquid multi-stage separation device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107050931A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-08-18 浙江理工大学 Pump come flow gassiness experiment gas-liquid multi-stage separation device

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Inventor after: Cui Baoling

Inventor after: Cai Mingzhe

Inventor after: Lin Peifeng

Inventor after: Di Lulu

Inventor before: Cui Baoling

Inventor before: Cai Mingzhe

Inventor before: Lin Peifeng

Inventor before: Di Lulu