CN206952179U - A kind of automatic loading unloading device of digital controlled lathe - Google Patents

A kind of automatic loading unloading device of digital controlled lathe Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206952179U
CN206952179U CN201720790986.6U CN201720790986U CN206952179U CN 206952179 U CN206952179 U CN 206952179U CN 201720790986 U CN201720790986 U CN 201720790986U CN 206952179 U CN206952179 U CN 206952179U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
axis walking
sliding plate
walking
axis
rack
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201720790986.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
关山月
钟先友
张东兴
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China Three Gorges University CTGU
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China Three Gorges University CTGU
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Priority to CN201720790986.6U priority Critical patent/CN206952179U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206952179U publication Critical patent/CN206952179U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

A kind of automatic loading unloading device of digital controlled lathe, including bearing, support column, X-axis walking mechanism, Y-axis walking mechanism, Z axis walking mechanism and gripping body;Bearing is fixedly connected on lathe, support column is fixed on bearing vertically, X-axis walking mechanism is connected to support top end, Y-axis walking mechanism is connected in X-axis walking mechanism, Z axis walking mechanism is connected in Y-axis walking mechanism, gripping body is connected in Z axis walking mechanism, X-axis walking mechanism is used to drive Y-axis walking mechanism to vertically move, Y-axis walking mechanism is used to drive Z axis walking transverse shifting, Z axis walking mechanism is used to drive gripping body vertical direction to move, the gripping body includes feeding pneumatic-finger and blanking pneumatic-finger, and the first cylinder of driving feeding pneumatic-finger action and the second cylinder of driving blanking pneumatic-finger action, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of automatic loading unloading device of digital controlled lathe, feeding and feeding can be synchronously completed.

Description

A kind of automatic loading unloading device of digital controlled lathe
Technical field
It the utility model is related to a kind of automatic loading unloading device of digital controlled lathe.
Background technology
Numerically controlled lathe is most commonly seen equipment in machining, and the current numerically controlled lathe overwhelming majority is all manually The loading and unloading of completion workpiece are gone, its labor intensity is big, and efficiency is low, and cost is high.Numerically controlled lathe in the market can be real Now automation processing, and the robot manipulator structure of its loading and unloading designs heavy underaction, installation trouble;And in general numerical control lathe Process is carried out in two steps for bed, its feeding and blanking, and feed efficiency is low, low production efficiency.Hence it is imperative that realize versatility compared with Strong and efficiency high automatic loading and unloading device replaces the feed device of old numerically controlled lathe.
The content of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of automatic loading unloading device of digital controlled lathe, can will be upper Material and feeding synchronously complete.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution of the utility model is:A kind of numerically controlled lathe automatic loading/unloading dress Put, including bearing, support column, X-axis walking mechanism, Y-axis walking mechanism, Z axis walking mechanism and gripping body;
Bearing is fixedly connected on lathe, and support column is fixed on bearing vertically, and X-axis walking mechanism is connected to support capital End, Y-axis walking mechanism are connected in X-axis walking mechanism, and Z axis walking mechanism is connected in Y-axis walking mechanism, gripping body connection In Z axis walking mechanism,
X-axis walking mechanism is used to drive Y-axis walking mechanism to vertically move, and Y-axis walking mechanism is used to drive Z axis walking laterally Mobile, Z axis walking mechanism is used to drive gripping body vertical direction to move,
The gripping body includes feeding pneumatic-finger and blanking pneumatic-finger, and drives the action of feeding pneumatic-finger First cylinder and the second cylinder of driving blanking pneumatic-finger action.
The X-axis walking mechanism includes the first base for being fixedly connected on support top end, is provided with first base First guide rail and the first rack, the first sliding plate being provided with the first guide rail, the first servomotor is arranged on the first sliding plate, First gear is installed on the first servo motor output shaft, first gear is meshed with the first rack, and the first servomotor leads to Cross first gear and first the first sliding plate of rack drives vertically moves on the first guide rail.
The Y-axis walking mechanism includes second base, and the second guide rail and the second rack are provided with second base, Two guide rails are provided with the second sliding plate, and the second servomotor is arranged on the second sliding plate, on the second servo motor output shaft Second gear is installed, second gear is meshed with the second rack, and the second sliding plate is arranged on the first sliding plate, the second servo Motor transverse shifting on the second sliding plate by second gear and the second rack drives second base.
The Z axis walking mechanism includes the 3rd base, and the 3rd guide rail and the 3rd rack are provided with the 3rd base, Three guide rails are provided with the 3rd sliding plate, and the 3rd servomotor is arranged on the 3rd sliding plate, on the 3rd servo motor output shaft 3rd gear is installed, the 3rd gear is meshed with the 3rd rack, and the 3rd sliding plate is arranged on second base one end, the 3rd servo Motor is vertically moved by the 3rd gear and the base of the 3rd rack drives the 3rd on the 3rd sliding plate.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:X-axis walking mechanism, Y-axis walking mechanism and Z axis walking mechanism can utilize Workpiece to be processed is moved to above finished work by gripping body, removes machined finished piece(s) using in blanking pneumatic-finger Afterwards, it is possible to workpiece to be processed is installed on numerically controlled lathe using feeding pneumatic-finger, feeding is realized and blanking is synchronously complete Into raising production efficiency.
Brief description of the drawings
The utility model is described further below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is dimensional structure diagram of the present utility model,
Fig. 2 is sectional perspective structural representation of the present utility model,
Fig. 3 is dimensional structure diagram of the utility model on gripping body.
In figure:Lathe 1, bearing 2, support column 3, X-axis walking mechanism 4, Y-axis walking mechanism 5, Z axis walking mechanism 6, gripping Mechanism 7, first base 41, the first guide rail 42, the first rack 43, the first servomotor 44, the first sliding plate 45, the second guide rail 52nd, the second rack 53, the second servomotor 54, the second sliding plate 55, second gear 56, the 3rd base 61, the 3rd rack 63, One cylinder 71, the second cylinder 72, blanking pneumatic-finger 73, feeding pneumatic-finger 74.
Embodiment
As shown in Fig. 1 to 3, a kind of automatic loading unloading device of digital controlled lathe, including bearing 2, support column 3, X-axis walking mechanism 4th, Y-axis walking mechanism 5, Z axis walking mechanism 6 and gripping body 7;
Bearing 2 is fixedly connected on lathe 1, and support column 3 is fixed on bearing 2 vertically, and X-axis walking mechanism 4 is connected to branch The top of dagger 3, Y-axis walking mechanism 5 are connected in X-axis walking mechanism 4, and Z axis walking mechanism 6 is connected in Y-axis walking mechanism 5, Gripping body 7 is connected in Z axis walking mechanism 6,
X-axis walking mechanism 4 is used to drive Y-axis walking mechanism 5 to vertically move, and Y-axis walking mechanism 5 is used to drive Z axis to walk Transverse shifting, Z axis walking mechanism 6 are used to drive the vertical direction of gripping body 7 to move,
The gripping body 7 includes feeding pneumatic-finger 74 and blanking pneumatic-finger 73, and driving feeding pneumatic-finger First cylinder 71 of 74 actions and the second cylinder 72 of the action of driving blanking pneumatic-finger 73.
The X-axis walking mechanism 4 includes the first base 41 for being fixedly connected on the top of support column 3, in first base 41 First guide rail 42 and the first rack 43 are installed, the first sliding plate 45 is provided with the first guide rail 42, the first servomotor 44 is pacified On the first sliding plate 45, first gear is installed on the output shaft of the first servomotor 44(Do not show in first gear figure Show), first gear is meshed with the first rack 43, and the first servomotor 44 passes through first gear and the first rack 43 driving first Sliding plate 45 vertically moves on the first guide rail 42.
The Y-axis walking mechanism 5 includes second base(Second base is not shown in figure), is provided with second base Two guide rails 52 and the second rack 53, are provided with the second sliding plate 55 on the second guide rail 52, and the second servomotor 54 is arranged on second On sliding plate 55, second gear 56, second gear 56 and the phase of the second rack 53 are installed on the output shaft of the second servomotor 54 Engagement, the second sliding plate 55 are arranged on the first sliding plate 45, and the second servomotor 54 passes through the rack of second gear 56 and second 53 driving second base transverse shiftings on the second sliding plate 55.
The Z axis walking mechanism 6 includes the 3rd base 61, and the 3rd guide rail is provided with the 3rd base 61(3rd guide rail Do not shown in figure)With the 3rd rack 63, the 3rd sliding plate 65 is provided with the 3rd guide rail, the 3rd servomotor 64 is arranged on the 3rd On sliding plate 65, the 3rd gear 66, the 3rd gear 66 and the phase of the 3rd rack 63 are installed on the output shaft of the 3rd servomotor 64 Engagement, the 3rd sliding plate 65 are arranged on second base one end, and the 3rd servomotor 64 passes through the 3rd gear 66 and the 3rd rack 63 The 3rd base 61 is driven to be vertically moved on the 3rd sliding plate 65.
Operating procedure of the present utility model is:
The first step, by X-axis walking mechanism 4, Y-axis walking mechanism 5 and the coordination of Z axis walking mechanism 6, by gripping body 7 are moved to correct position above workpiece to be processed;
Second step, the first cylinder 71 driving feeding pneumatic-finger 74 grip a workpiece;
3rd step, again by X-axis walking mechanism 4, Y-axis walking mechanism 5 and the coordination of Z axis walking mechanism 6, will grip Device is moved to above lathe, waits workpiece to be replaced;
After 4th step, a upper work pieces process, Z axis walking mechanism 6 drives gripping body 7 to move down, and utilizes blanking gas Start to refer to and 73 remove the machined workpiece finished from lathe dog;
After 5th step, the pickup of blanking pneumatic-finger 73, Z axis walking mechanism 6 drives gripping body 7 to move down again, will Workpiece to be processed is installed on lathe dog;
5th step, by X-axis walking mechanism 4, Y-axis walking mechanism 5 and the coordination of Z axis walking mechanism 6, by gripping body 7 remove numerically controlled lathe, complete material process up and down.

Claims (4)

  1. A kind of 1. automatic loading unloading device of digital controlled lathe, it is characterised in that:Including bearing(2), support column(3), X-axis walking mechanism (4), Y-axis walking mechanism(5), Z axis walking mechanism(6)And gripping body(7);
    Bearing(2)It is fixedly connected on lathe(1)On, support column(3)It is fixed on bearing vertically(2)On, X-axis walking mechanism(4)Even It is connected on support column(3)Top, Y-axis walking mechanism(5)It is connected to X-axis walking mechanism(4)On, Z axis walking mechanism(6)It is connected to Y Axle walking mechanism(5)On, gripping body(7)It is connected to Z axis walking mechanism(6)On,
    X-axis walking mechanism(4)For driving Y-axis walking mechanism(5)Vertically move, Y-axis walking mechanism(5)For driving Z axis row Walk transverse shifting, Z axis walking mechanism(6)For driving gripping body(7)Moved in vertical direction,
    The gripping body(7)Including feeding pneumatic-finger(74)With blanking pneumatic-finger(73), and the driving pneumatic hand of feeding Refer to(74)First cylinder of action(71)With driving blanking pneumatic-finger(73)Second cylinder of action(72).
  2. A kind of 2. automatic loading unloading device of digital controlled lathe according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The X-axis vehicle with walking machine Structure(4)Including being fixedly connected on support column(3)The first base on top(41), in first base(41)On the first guide rail is installed (42)With the first rack(43), in the first guide rail(42)It is provided with the first sliding plate(45), the first servomotor(44)It is arranged on First sliding plate(45)On, in the first servomotor(44)First gear, first gear and the first rack are installed on output shaft (43)It is meshed, the first servomotor(44)Pass through first gear and the first rack(43)Drive the first sliding plate(45)First Guide rail(42)On vertically move.
  3. A kind of 3. automatic loading unloading device of digital controlled lathe according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The Y-axis vehicle with walking machine Structure(5)Including second base, the second guide rail is installed in second base(52)With the second rack(53), in the second guide rail(52) It is provided with the second sliding plate(55), the second servomotor(54)Installed in the second sliding plate(55)On, in the second servomotor (54)Second gear is installed on output shaft(56), second gear(56)With the second rack(53)It is meshed, the second sliding plate (55)Installed in the first sliding plate(45)On, the second servomotor(54)Pass through second gear(56)With the second rack(53)Driving Second base is in the second sliding plate(55)Upper transverse shifting.
  4. A kind of 4. automatic loading unloading device of digital controlled lathe according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The Z axis vehicle with walking machine Structure(6)Including the 3rd base(61), in the 3rd base(61)On the 3rd guide rail and the 3rd rack are installed(63), in the 3rd guide rail It is provided with the 3rd sliding plate(65), the 3rd servomotor(64)Installed in the 3rd sliding plate(65)On, in the 3rd servomotor (64)3rd gear is installed on output shaft(66), the 3rd gear(66)With the 3rd rack(63)It is meshed, the 3rd sliding plate (65)Installed in second base one end, the 3rd servomotor(64)Pass through the 3rd gear(66)With the 3rd rack(63)Drive the 3rd Base(61)In the 3rd sliding plate(65)On vertically move.
CN201720790986.6U 2017-07-03 2017-07-03 A kind of automatic loading unloading device of digital controlled lathe Expired - Fee Related CN206952179U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720790986.6U CN206952179U (en) 2017-07-03 2017-07-03 A kind of automatic loading unloading device of digital controlled lathe

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720790986.6U CN206952179U (en) 2017-07-03 2017-07-03 A kind of automatic loading unloading device of digital controlled lathe

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206952179U true CN206952179U (en) 2018-02-02

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108974915A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-12-11 安徽派日特智能装备有限公司 A kind of vehicle cylinder set lathe processing robot automatic loading and unloading device
CN112916885A (en) * 2021-01-25 2021-06-08 浙江凯达机床股份有限公司 Vertical numerically controlled lathe

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108974915A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-12-11 安徽派日特智能装备有限公司 A kind of vehicle cylinder set lathe processing robot automatic loading and unloading device
CN112916885A (en) * 2021-01-25 2021-06-08 浙江凯达机床股份有限公司 Vertical numerically controlled lathe

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20180202

Termination date: 20180703