CN206911499U - A kind of multi-function cabinet type medicinal material pulverizer - Google Patents

A kind of multi-function cabinet type medicinal material pulverizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206911499U
CN206911499U CN201720545171.1U CN201720545171U CN206911499U CN 206911499 U CN206911499 U CN 206911499U CN 201720545171 U CN201720545171 U CN 201720545171U CN 206911499 U CN206911499 U CN 206911499U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pulverizing chamber
frame
cabinet type
pulverizer
medicinal
Prior art date
Application number
CN201720545171.1U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王伟恺
丁立建
何山
Original Assignee
宁波大学
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Application filed by 宁波大学 filed Critical 宁波大学
Priority to CN201720545171.1U priority Critical patent/CN206911499U/en
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Publication of CN206911499U publication Critical patent/CN206911499U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of multi-function cabinet type medicinal material pulverizer,Including cabinet type frame,Frame upper end is provided with charging aperture,Feature is that the pulverizing chamber surrounded by internal housing in curved surface is provided with frame,The center of top of pulverizing chamber connects with charging aperture,The rotary head for pulverizing Chinese medicine is provided with pulverizing chamber,The bottom of pulverizing chamber and the discharging opening with controlled valve is provided with immediately below the rotary head,The swash plate with smooth flat is provided with frame and immediately below discharging opening,Frame inside portion and the lower floor's drawer that can freely load and unload that finished product is provided with for the upper strata drawer that can freely load and unload of medicinal material after filtering crushing and crushed for collecting at the horizontal low spot of swash plate,Upper strata drawer is separated with lower floor's drawer by horizontal filter screen,Swash plate and horizontal filter screen integrally connected,Advantage is can effectively to crush hard traditional Chinese medicine,And harmful effect will not be produced to drug effect,It is broken to collect traditional Chinese medicine powder simultaneously,Separating twice and it is collected in one.

Description

A kind of multi-function cabinet type medicinal material pulverizer
Technical field
A kind of medicinal herb grinder is the utility model is related to, more particularly, to a kind of multi-function cabinet type medicinal material pulverizer.
Background technology
Chinese medicine is originating primarily from China, is to prevent under instruction of Chinese Medicine theory, diagnose, treating disease and regulation function of human body Medicine.But because the species of Chinese medicine is various, wherein both including the soft medicinal materials such as plant leaf, fruit, also there are beast bone, tortoise First even ore class Chinese medicine.Mechanization degree is low at present, so often production efficiency is extremely low for this kind of hard traditional Chinese medicine.
Present pulverizer is only capable of crushing the softer Chinese medicine of quality, but meeting when the ore class of hard or beast bone class crush High fever is produced so as to influence the activity of medicine.And existing pulverizer once crushes gained medicinal material and often has part not up to big It is small to require that standard needs to crush again, or even have part hard impurity residual wherein.
The content of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model, which is to provide one kind, can effectively crush hard traditional Chinese medicine, and will not be to drug effect Harmful effect is produced, while collects broken traditional Chinese medicine powder, separating twice and is collected in integral multi-function cabinet type medicinal material pulverizer.
Technical scheme is used by the utility model solves above-mentioned technical problem:A kind of multi-function cabinet type pulverizing medicinal materials Machine, including cabinet type frame, described frame upper end are provided with charging aperture, are provided with described frame by internal shell in curved surface The pulverizing chamber that body surrounds, the center of top of described pulverizing chamber connect with described charging aperture, are provided with described pulverizing chamber For the rotary head of pulverizing Chinese medicine, the bottom of described pulverizing chamber and tool is provided with immediately below the described rotary head There is the discharging opening of controlled valve, described frame is interior and is provided with immediately below described discharging opening with smooth flat Swash plate, described frame inside portion and close to described swash plate horizontal low spot at be provided with for filter crush after medicinal material can The upper strata drawer freely loaded and unloaded and the lower floor's drawer that can freely load and unload for collecting crushing finished product, described upper strata drawer and institute The lower floor's drawer stated is separated by horizontal filter screen, described swash plate and described horizontal filter screen integrally connected.
Described housing is connected for the internal cavities of hollow and described housing, and bottom is provided with liquid in described frame Nitrogen storage tank, the connects with the internal cavities that described liquid nitrogen container passes through pipeline and described housing.It is hollow to crush room housing And connect, refrigeration when can fill liquid nitrogen wherein to reach crushing, protect pharmaceutical activity.
The air-vent of several a diameter of 0.2-0.8 millimeters is provided with the inwall of described housing.Make the low temperature of liquid nitrogen It can be transferred to more quickly inside pulverizing chamber, prevent that temperature is difficult to quick transmit to reach protection medicine when material from excessively crushing too fast The effect of thing activity.
If described rotary head include central rotating shaft and several blades being fixed on described central rotating shaft and Dry is rolled hammer, described blade and described rolling hammer into shape it is symmetrical centered on described central rotating shaft respectively, it is described Central rotating shaft is connected with motor.
The described hammer that rolls combines by hammer lever and positioned at the tup of described tup boom end, and described tup surface is Irregular Boundary Surface;The inner wall surface of described pulverizing chamber is evenly equipped with several serrations, described serration and institute The spacing for the blade stated is 5-15 millimeters, and the spacing of described serration and described tup is 5-10 millimeters.Zigzag Projection is advantageous to increase the frictional force and impulsive force in crushing process.
The inwall of described pulverizing chamber is surrounded by the curved surface of multistage different curvature.
The spacing of described serration and described blade in described pulverizing chamber from top to bottom is gradually reduced directly To minimum spacing up to 5 millimeters, the spacing of described serration and described tup in described pulverizing chamber from top to bottom It is progressively smaller until minimum spacing up to 5 millimeters from top to bottom.Wherein minimum spacing makes crushing effect more notable up to 5 millimeters.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantage of:
(1)Rotary head of the present utility model contains blade and tup simultaneously, discharging opening valve is closed, in rotary head Under the serration collective effect of blade and tup and pulverizing chamber, medicinal material is set to obtain faster more fully crushing, especially It can effectively crush hard traditional Chinese medicine, reduce the energy loss of pulverizer, prevent getting stuck for rotating disk;Pulverizing chamber bottom and cutterhead simultaneously The smaller grinding be advantageous to fine particle of spacing, improve crush efficiency, save the energy.
(2)The utility model is provided with two big volume drawers that can freely load and unload, upper strata drawer retention after filtering Not completely crushed particle can be directly drawn off, and pour into pulverizing chamber realization from charging aperture crushes again;Lower floor's drawer can be direct Satisfactory particle is collected into, so that the whole flow process for crushing collection is more convenient succinct, material can be made to obtain abundance Crushing after carry out screening collection again, save crush unit quantity medicinal material needed for time.
(3)Medicinal material is directly slowly slid to connected filter screen after the swash plate that the utility model sets surface smooth makes crushing On, prevent medicinal material quickly falls dust and splashed from causing damage and polluting machine.
(4)Caused high fever when the utility model is provided with liquid nitrogen container to reduce medicinal material fast-crushing, is avoided Crush room temperature and rise too fast so that the forfeiture of activity of drug ingredients, and the time need not be spent on pulverizing chamber cooling is waited, Considerably increase the efficiency of crushing and ensure the quality of medicinal material.
In summary, a kind of multi-function cabinet type medicinal material pulverizer of the utility model, the pulverizer can be such that medicinal material obtains more More fully crush soon, especially can effectively crush hard traditional Chinese medicine, while the pulverizer can make pulverizing chamber be in low temperature, prevent from grinding Caused high temperature impacts to activity of drug ingredients material during mill, while the setting of drawer and filter screen makes the collection of finished product up and down It is more convenient, make to filter out and grind insufficient medicinal material regrinding.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model multi-function cabinet type medicinal material pulverizer.
Embodiment
Utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment.
Specific embodiment
A kind of multi-function cabinet type medicinal material pulverizer, as shown in figure 1, including cabinet type frame 1, the upper end of frame 1 is provided with charging Mouthfuls 2, the pulverizing chamber 4 surrounded by internal housing 3 in curved surface, center of top and the charging aperture 2 of pulverizing chamber 4 are provided with frame 1 Connection, is provided with the rotary head 5 for pulverizing Chinese medicine in pulverizing chamber 4, the bottom of pulverizing chamber 4 and positioned at rotary head 5 just Lower section is provided with the discharging opening 7 with controlled valve 6, is provided with frame 1 and positioned at the underface of discharging opening 7 with smooth flat The swash plate 8 in face, the inside portion of frame 1 and close to swash plate 8 horizontal low spot at be provided with for filter crush after medicinal material can be free The upper strata drawer 9 of handling and the lower floor's drawer 10 that can freely load and unload that finished product is crushed for collecting, upper strata drawer 9 and lower floor's drawer 10 are separated by horizontal filter screen 11, swash plate 8 and the horizontal integrally connected of filter screen 11.
In this particular embodiment, as shown in figure 1, housing 3 is connected for hollow and housing 3 internal cavities, in frame 1 Bottom is provided with liquid nitrogen container 12, the connects with the internal cavities that liquid nitrogen container 12 passes through pipeline 13 and housing 3.Housing 3 it is interior The air-vent 14 of several a diameter of 0.2-0.8 millimeters is provided with wall.
In this particular embodiment, as shown in figure 1, rotary head 5 includes central rotating shaft 15 and is fixed on central rotating shaft Several blades 16 on 15 roll hammer 17 with several, and blade 16 is symmetrically divided centered on central rotating shaft 15 respectively with hammer is rolled Cloth, central rotating shaft 15 are connected with motor(Do not shown in figure).Hammer is rolled by hammer lever 17 and positioned at the end of hammer lever 17 Tup 18 combines, and the surface of tup 18 is Irregular Boundary Surface;The inner wall surface of pulverizing chamber 4 is evenly equipped with several serrations 19, The spacing of serration 19 and blade 16 is 5-15 millimeters, and the spacing of serration 19 and tup 18 is 5-10 millimeters.Powder The inwall of broken room 4 is surrounded by the curved surface of multistage different curvature.Serration 19 and blade 16 in pulverizing chamber 4 from top to bottom Spacing is progressively smaller until minimum spacing up to 5 millimeters, the spacing of the serration 19 in pulverizing chamber 4 from top to bottom and tup 18 It is progressively smaller until minimum spacing up to 5 millimeters from top to bottom.
The specific work process and principle of above-mentioned multi-function cabinet type medicinal material pulverizer, are comprised the following steps that:
(1)Medicinal material to be comminuted is poured into pulverizing chamber 4 by charging aperture 2, while opens the valve of liquid nitrogen container 12 Liquid nitrogen is flowed into the cavity pocket of outer cover of pulverizing chamber 4, reduce the temperature of pulverizing chamber;
(2)Motor is opened, motor drives rotary head 5 to rotate, and makes medicinal material in the cutting of blade 16 and tup 18 Beat and be crushed during milling, and caused high fever is absorbed by liquid nitrogen in crushing process, and due to each on rotary head 5 Spacing of the point from top to bottom with the inwall of pulverizing chamber 4 is arranged to gradually decrease, past into pulverizing chamber time more long then its particle volume Past smaller, the less herb in granule form of particle diameter gradually converges to the bottom of pulverizing chamber 4, now, discharging opening 7 is closed, due to the bottom of pulverizing chamber 4 Spacing is smaller between portion and rotary head 5(Wherein minimum spacing is arranged to 5 millimeters, makes crushing effect more notable), so that The particle of small particle also can be crushed sufficiently.A period of time is crushed when medicinal material accumulation is excessive, opens discharging opening 7 so that Come down in torrents to the particle being fully ground from pulverizing chamber 4 and to fall on smooth swash plate 8 and slide to the level filter of the bottom of upper strata drawer 9 Automatic fitration is completed on net 11, not completely crushed material particles are trapped in upper strata drawer 9, and crushing the complete finished product that meets will The material asked then is filtered into lower floor's drawer 10, can be pulled out upper strata drawer 9 and by not completely crushed bulky grain medicinal material from entering Material mouth 2 is poured into pulverizing chamber 4 and crushed again;
(3)Crushing finishes, and motor and the valve of liquid nitrogen container 12 is closed, by satisfactory medicine in lower floor's drawer 10 Material directly takes out collection, considerably increases the convenience that screening is collected;
(4)Clear up pulverizer.
Above-described embodiment is to further explanation of the present utility model, but the scope of protection of the utility model is with claim Book is defined.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of multi-function cabinet type medicinal material pulverizer, including cabinet type frame, described frame upper end are provided with charging aperture, its feature It is:The pulverizing chamber surrounded by internal housing in curved surface, the center of top of described pulverizing chamber are provided with described frame Connected with described charging aperture, the rotary head for pulverizing Chinese medicine is provided with described pulverizing chamber, described pulverizing chamber Bottom and the discharging opening with controlled valve is provided with immediately below the described rotary head, in described frame and be located at The swash plate with smooth flat, described frame inside portion and close described swash plate are provided with immediately below described discharging opening Horizontal low spot at be provided with for filter crush after medicinal material the upper strata drawer that can freely load and unload and for collect crush finished product The lower floor's drawer that can freely load and unload, described upper strata drawer is separated with described lower floor's drawer by horizontal filter screen, described Swash plate and described horizontal filter screen integrally connected.
A kind of 2. multi-function cabinet type medicinal material pulverizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described housing is hollow And the internal cavities of described housing are connected, bottom is provided with liquid nitrogen container, described liquid nitrogen storage in described frame The connects with the internal cavities that tank passes through pipeline and described housing.
A kind of 3. multi-function cabinet type medicinal material pulverizer according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The inwall of described housing On be provided with the air-vents of several a diameter of 0.2-0.8 millimeters.
A kind of 4. multi-function cabinet type medicinal material pulverizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described rotary head bag Include central rotating shaft and several blades being fixed on described central rotating shaft and several roll hammer, described blade with It is described to roll that hammer is symmetrical centered on described central rotating shaft respectively, and described central rotating shaft is connected with motor.
A kind of 5. multi-function cabinet type medicinal material pulverizer according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Described rolls hammer by hammering into shape Head rod and the tup combination positioned at described tup boom end, described tup surface is Irregular Boundary Surface;Described pulverizing chamber Inner wall surface be evenly equipped with several serrations, the spacing of described serration and described blade is 5-15 millis Rice, the spacing of described serration and described tup is 5-10 millimeters.
A kind of 6. multi-function cabinet type medicinal material pulverizer according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Described pulverizing chamber it is interior Wall is surrounded by the curved surface of multistage different curvature.
A kind of 7. multi-function cabinet type medicinal material pulverizer according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:In described pulverizing chamber from The spacing of described serration and described blade under up to is progressively smaller until minimum spacing up to 5 millimeters, described The spacing of described serration and described tup in pulverizing chamber from top to bottom is progressively smaller until minimum from top to bottom Spacing is up to 5 millimeters.
CN201720545171.1U 2017-05-17 2017-05-17 A kind of multi-function cabinet type medicinal material pulverizer CN206911499U (en)

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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN206911499U true CN206911499U (en) 2018-01-23

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108524281A (en) * 2018-05-02 2018-09-14 李保改 A kind of oncologic nursing medicine disintegrator
CN108704715A (en) * 2018-06-21 2018-10-26 惠州市中塑王塑胶制品有限公司 A kind of plastic crushing equipment
WO2019106627A1 (en) * 2017-12-01 2019-06-06 Suarez Jose Eulises Machine for grinding, crushing, sifting and laminating materials used in the ceramic, pottery and craft industries

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019106627A1 (en) * 2017-12-01 2019-06-06 Suarez Jose Eulises Machine for grinding, crushing, sifting and laminating materials used in the ceramic, pottery and craft industries
CN108524281A (en) * 2018-05-02 2018-09-14 李保改 A kind of oncologic nursing medicine disintegrator
CN108704715A (en) * 2018-06-21 2018-10-26 惠州市中塑王塑胶制品有限公司 A kind of plastic crushing equipment

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