CN206841086U - A kind of non-inflatable tyre of support body - Google Patents

A kind of non-inflatable tyre of support body Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206841086U
CN206841086U CN201720254273.8U CN201720254273U CN206841086U CN 206841086 U CN206841086 U CN 206841086U CN 201720254273 U CN201720254273 U CN 201720254273U CN 206841086 U CN206841086 U CN 206841086U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rubber
supporter
block
row
tyre
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201720254273.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
雍占福
黄兆阁
王文峰
王瑞华
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Qingdao University of Science and Technology
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Qingdao University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201720254273.8U priority Critical patent/CN206841086U/en
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Publication of CN206841086U publication Critical patent/CN206841086U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

A kind of non-inflatable tyre of support body, including wheel rim, tread components and supporter, supporter surround and is distributed on the periphery wall of the wheel rim, supporter is made up of some row blocks, the block is the hollow structure of plastic material, spacing is maintained between two adjacent row blocks in some row blocks, often also maintains spacing between two blocks adjacent in row blocks.The non-inflatable tyre has manufacture low with maintenance cost, quality is small, mitigate the weight of vehicle, reduce maintenance cost, reach the purpose of energy-conserving and environment-protective, service life is grown, it is non-inflatable, be not afraid of bundle, it is safe and reliable the characteristics of, and tread components mainly undertake driving force and earth-grasping force as air tread, while there is bumper and absorbing shock;It is disposably to be molded to form by rubber, also can be disposably injection moulded, it is not necessary to which the framework material such as steel wire or fiber, the manufacturing process compared with Pneumatic tire carcass simplify significantly, and material cost and manufacturing cost substantially reduce.

Description

A kind of non-inflatable tyre of support body
Technical field
It the utility model is related to a kind of non-inflatable tyre, more particularly to a kind of non-inflatable tyre of support body.
Background technology
Tire is the round and elastic connector between automobile and road, is the walking mechanism of automobile, is the important set of automobile Into one of part.Main rise bears automobile load, ensures the gripping power of wheel and road surface, the power of automobile is passed into road surface, Mitigate and absorb automobile vibration in motion and impulsive force, prevent auto parts from, by high vibration and earlier period damage, ensureing The security and comfortableness of running car.
Because people are progressively applied to the pay attention to day by day of environment, pure electric automobile (including mobility scooter for old people), one Secondary distance travelled is the important indicator of electric automobile, in view of the travel speed of pure electric automobile is relatively low, if with existing car Tyre and rim, its performance are seriously superfluous;And weight is larger.According to tire working principle classify, can be divided into solid tyre and The major class of pneumatic tire two.
Solid tyre:It is fixed on wheel rim and is formed by ring-shaped rubber, is worked by caoutchouc elasticity principle, its elasticity is relatively low, Weight is larger, is not suitable for running at high speed, and is only used for low speed high load vehicle.Such as truck crane, load wagon.
Pneumatic tire:Pneumatic tire is filled with compressed air, the tensoplast air bag being bonded on wheel rim, empty by compression The mattress bullet principle work that gas is formed, has higher travel speed and preferable driving comfort, using very extensive.
The pneumatic tire that automobile generally uses at present is divided to mainly by structure two kinds of cross-ply and radial:
Cross-ply is that casing ply and each adjacent layer cord of cushion intersect, and is in be less than 90 ° of angles to arrange with crown center line The pneumatic tire of row.Its structure is mainly made up of parts such as tyre surface, cushion, body piles, sidewall, wire loop and triangle rubbers. The cord of cross-ply intersects from inside to outside, and the angle with crown center line is typically in 48-55 degree or so, adjacent two layers curtain The cloth arrangement that crosses one another assumes diamond in shape.Carcass ply is subject to the critical piece of internal pressure, load, radial load, tractive force and brake force. Cushion is between tyre surface and casingply, and its cord angle is generally equal to or the angle slightly larger than body cord.Buffering The effect of layer is impact load of the buffering from tyre surface, disperses the stress that carcass is born.
Radial is that body cord arranges and with belt banding tire with crown center in 90 ° of angles or close to 90 ° of angles The pneumatic tire of body.Its structure mainly by tyre surface, band, belt, body piles, inner liner, sidewall, rim of the mouth, wire loop and Nearly ten several parts such as triangle rubber are formed.The body cord of radial is in parallel to each other to another tyre bead by a tyre bead The meridian direction arrangement of the earth, therefore claim radial.The fundamental difference of meridian tire and cross-ply is body cord Angle be in radially zero degree, the cord of adjacent layer is not to intersect but parallel to each other.The cord of this structure can not be born The circumferential stress of tire, so the belt that banding acts in being configured between wheel crown part, tyre surface and carcass.Belt is held By the 60%-75% of internal pressure stretching stress (bias tire carcass bears 80-90%).So belt must have quite strong Degree.Belt is typically to be made up of several layers of wirecord fabric.Its cord arrangement angle with radially into the 70-80 ° of angle of cut.
Radial has that wearability is high compared with cross-ply, high speed, damping, good operation safety, ride comfort, The advantages that gripping power is strong, and rolling resistance is small, fuel-economizing, progressively cross-ply is substituted to turn into the main wheel for producing and using at present Tire.
Though solid tyre has the advantages that bearing capacity is strong, need not inflate, not be afraid of puncture, simple production process, its weight Greatly, material cost is high, and elasticity is relatively low, riding comfort is poor, and rolling resistance is big, heat is high, is not suitable for running at high speed, and is only used for low Fast high load capacity vehicle.
Though the pneumatic tire that automobile generally uses at present is with light weight, higher travel speed and preferably, traveling is relaxed Adaptive, using very extensive, but because its is complicated, manufacture be present and maintenance cost be high, service life is short, intolerant to puncture, Easily cause the driving safety sex chromosome mosaicism such as traffic accident during deficency gas leakage.
Some external big tyre companies step up to develop various forms of non-inflatable tyres in recent years, this form Non-inflatable tyre similar to the supporting part of air tread part and special shape mainly by forming a whole, its core Technology is material used in supporting part and structure type, to reach as Pneumatic tire carcass and internal institute's inflatable body Undertake load, bumper and absorbing shock etc. effect.These non-inflatable tyres, though with light weight, manufacturing process it is simple, without inflation, Not the advantages that not being afraid of puncture, but be extremely difficult to pneumatic tire in riding comfort, rolling resistance, high speed performance etc. and can reach The performance arrived.The main reason for causing these problems is that this tire is formally extremely difficult to undertake load and bumper and absorbing shock Balance.
The content of the invention
The utility model is exactly in view of the deficienciess of the prior art, provide a kind of support body exempts from inflated wheel Tire.
To solve the above problems, technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows:
A kind of non-inflatable tyre of support body, including wheel rim, tread components and supporter, the supporter, which is surround, to be divided On the periphery wall of the wheel rim, the supporter is made up of cloth some row blocks, and the block is plastic material Hollow structure, maintains spacing in some row blocks between two adjacent row blocks, phase in the often row blocks Also spacing is maintained between two adjacent blocks, the tread components include rubber tread and are distributed in the bottom wall of rubber tread The rubber assembly on surface, the rubber assembly are made up of some row block rubbers, two adjacent row rubbers in some row block rubbers Maintain spacing between blob of viscose, spacing, the rubber are also maintained between two adjacent block rubbers in the often row block rubber Tyre surface is fixed and is covered on the supporter, and each block rubber is embedded between a pair of adjacent blocks correspondingly, institute The bottom and the wheel rim for stating each block rubber maintain spacing.
Further, for the supporter uniform ring around being distributed on the periphery wall of the wheel rim, the block is length Cube shape structure, the block rubber are rectangular-shape structure.
Further, the supporter is disposably molded by pure plastics, and the tread components are by the disposable mould of rubber Pressure forms.
Compared with prior art, implementation result of the present utility model is as follows for the utility model:
A kind of non-inflatable tyre of support body described in the utility model, for solid tyre weight is big, material into The problem of this height, relatively low, riding comfort is poor, rolling resistance is big, heat is high elasticity, the utility model is connected using one and wheel rim For the plastic structural part connect as the supporter for mainly undertaking load, plastic structural part is ducted body, have higher rigidity and compared with Big bearing capacity, the weight of tire can be mitigated, overcome the hysteresis loss of rubber elastomer, reduce rolling resistance.Supporter and After tread portion combines, ducted body is formd connecting between joint portion, namely each block rubber 5 and the wheel rim, is added The block 4 is the hollow structure of plastic material, has air inside the ducted body and hollow structure, when carrying compression Air spring body is formed, so as to play a part of bumper and absorbing shock, solution solid tyre elasticity is relatively low, riding comfort is poor asks Topic.Also various forms of non-inflatable tyres that external tyre company developing are solved well and are eaten up part of bearing capacity is gentle The shortcomings that being difficult to take into account in terms of shake.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of supporter described in the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of tread components of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that block rubber of the present utility model is embedded in block.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the non-inflatable tyre of support body of the present utility model.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of box body of the present utility model.
Fig. 6 is A-A structural representations.
Fig. 7 is B-B structural representations.
Fig. 8 is part-structure schematic diagram.
Embodiment
Illustrate content of the present utility model below in conjunction with specific embodiments.
As Figure 1-Figure 8, the non-inflatable tyre of described a kind of support body, including wheel rim 1, tread components and branch Support body 3, the supporter 3 is around being distributed on the periphery wall of the wheel rim 1, and the supporter 3 is by some structures of row block 4 Into the hollow structure that, the block 4 is plastic material, the hollow structure of the plastic material has higher rigidity and larger Bearing capacity, the weight of tire can be mitigated, overcome the hysteresis loss of rubber elastomer, reduce rolling resistance, some rows Maintain spacing in block 4 between two adjacent row blocks 4, in the often row blocks 4 two adjacent blocks 4 it Between also maintain spacing, the tread components include rubber tread 2 and are distributed in the rubber group of the bottom wall surface of rubber tread 2 Part, the rubber assembly are made up of some row block rubbers 5, are protected in some row block rubbers 5 between two adjacent row block rubbers 5 Hold spacing, also maintain spacing between two adjacent block rubbers 5 in the often row block rubber 5, the rubber tread 2 is fixed It is covered on the supporter 3, each block rubber 5 is embedded between a pair of adjacent blocks 4 correspondingly, described each The bottom of individual block rubber 5 maintains spacing with the wheel rim 1, in so being formd between each block rubber 5 and the wheel rim Hollow body.
For the uniform ring of supporter 3 around being distributed on the periphery wall of the wheel rim 1, the block 4 is rectangular-shape Structure, the block rubber 5 are rectangular-shape structure.
The supporter 3 is disposably molded by pure plastics, and the tread components are disposably molded by rubber to be formed, Can disposably it be injection moulded, such manufacturing process simplifies significantly compared with the manufacturing process of Pneumatic tire carcass, material cost and system Cause originally to substantially reduce, bearing capacity improves, and rolling resistance reduces (because plastics are during tire running, almost without energy Amount loss).
The non-inflatable tyre of the support body, for solid tyre weight is big, material cost is high, elasticity is relatively low, takes The problem of comfortableness is poor, rolling resistance is big, heat is high, the utility model using plastic structural part being connected with wheel rim as The main supporter for undertaking load, plastic structural part is ducted body, has higher rigidity and larger bearing capacity, can mitigate The weight of tire, overcome the hysteresis loss of rubber elastomer, reduce rolling resistance.After supporter and tread portion combine, even Connect and form ducted body between joint portion, namely each block rubber 5 and the wheel rim, be plastics material plus the block 4 The hollow structure of matter, there is air inside the ducted body and hollow structure, air spring body is formed when carrying and compressing, so as to Play a part of bumper and absorbing shock, solve the problems, such as that solid tyre elasticity is relatively low, riding comfort is poor.Also foreign countries are solved well The various forms of non-inflatable tyres that tyre company is developing in terms of bearing capacity and bumper and absorbing shock be difficult to take into account the shortcomings that. The utility model solve existing pneumatic tire and wheel rim complex manufacturing, production cost are high, weight is big, intolerant to puncture, lack Caused by gas gas leakage the problems such as vehicle safety.
In a word, the utility model is combined using one with the supporter of wheel rim connection and a tread components, forms air Spring structure body solves the above problems;The non-inflatable tyre of the support body is low with maintenance cost with manufacturing, and quality is small, subtracts The weight of light car, maintenance cost is reduced, reach the purpose of energy-conserving and environment-protective, service life length is non-inflatable, is not afraid of bundle, safety The characteristics of reliable, and tread components mainly undertake driving force and earth-grasping force as air tread, while there is buffering to subtract The effect of shake;It is disposably to be molded to form by rubber, it is not necessary to the framework material such as steel wire or fiber, compared with Pneumatic tire carcass Manufacturing process simplifies significantly, and material cost and manufacturing cost substantially reduce.
If also it is exactly the half that tyre and rim weight can be reduced using this novel combination type tire, simultaneously Because such a novel combination type tire need not be inflated, in the absence of gas leakage risk, spare tyre and wheel rim can be cancelled, can be with whole Body reduces the 60% of tyre and rim weight.Tyre and rim is one of important component of pure electric automobile, and its weight also has 100 More than kilogram, if can be substituted with such a combined tire, more than 60 kilograms will be reduced, had to the fuel saving of pure electric automobile Critically important meaning.
Tire is influenceed in addition, and the non-inflatable tyre service life of the particularly support body there are a variety of situations, wherein having A kind of is the limited load bearing capacities because tire, when automobile overload, can accelerate the abrasion of tire, and have security Hidden danger, so before actual use, staff needs to detect the pressure capability of tire, with the peace of this determination tire Whether full property is up to standard.
To achieve these goals, a kind of detection tire load device, including detection means, tyre surface, institute are proposed at present State detection means to be arranged on inside tyre surface, the detection means is passed by printed circuit board, the pressure of welding on a printed circuit board Sensor, single-chip microcomputer, holder, wireless information transfer unit and battery;The output end of the pressure sensor and single-chip microcomputer Input is connected, and the output end of the single-chip microcomputer is connected with the input of wireless information transfer unit, the output end of transmission unit It is connected with the input of display terminal.This detection tire load device is also applied for the support body of the present utility model Non-inflatable tyre.
But only input display terminal be unable to reach in reliability be input to server as reliability, and to Server is introduced, in order to dust-proof, often the server is arranged in rectangular-shape housing, it is in relative envelope that it is internal and outside Closed state and hollow region volume is little, the rise of server component temperature and work period in such rectangular-shape housing are contracted It is short, or even temperature too high damage can occur.The problem of unstable of freezing is accompanied by addition.
The non-inflatable tyre of the support body is also configured with detection means, and the detection means is arranged in tyre surface Portion, the detection means is by printed circuit board, welding pressure sensor on a printed circuit board, single-chip microcomputer, holder, wireless Information transmission unit and battery;The output end of the pressure sensor and the input of single-chip microcomputer connect, the single-chip microcomputer Output end is connected with the input of wireless information transfer unit, and the output end of transmission unit and the input of display terminal connect, The single-chip microcomputer is also connected with a GPRS module by serial ports, and the GPRS module can access GPRS network and form nothing with server According to connection so that real-time pressure actual value is transmitted to server, the server is arranged in rectangular-shape housing line number.
The pressure sensor is that analog-digital converter is connected with single-chip microcomputer by a/d converter.
The rectangular-shape housing includes cover plate L7, also draws in addition containing plenum fan L1, the first drainage piece L2, second Flow L3, flow deflector L4, top locating piece L5 and bottom locating piece L6, the server are arranged on the first drainage piece L2, institute State the first drainage piece L2 and the second drainage piece L3 and column distribution and be arranged on cover plate L7, the plenum fan L1 is erected at cover plate L7 bottom, the position between of the second drainage piece L3 are connected to flow deflector L4.So gas is allowed according in plenum fan L1 One drainage piece L2, the second drainage piece L3 drainage direction higher height tomorrow movement, such gas can be by top locating piece L5 Cut-off is realized towards server to freeze, and according further to bottom locating piece L6 profile guiding movement, such gas is in bottom locating piece L6 bottom is involved in after concentrating by plenum fan L1, realizes moving back and forth for flow-guiding type.
The plenum fan L1 is arranged on the cover plate L7 via a pair of right angle folding rule shape steel plates, and the plenum fan L1 contains Blade L8 and motor L9, the motor L9 are twin shaft motor, and the blade L8 mirror images are distributed on the twin shaft of twin shaft motor, described First drainage piece L2 and the second drainage piece L3 bottom are provided with some bending eyelet L11, the first drainage piece L2 and second Drainage piece L3 both sides carry bending section, and the bending section is combined via rivet with the cover plate L7.
Such blade L8 mirror images are distributed on the twin shaft of twin shaft motor, can just make it that caused gas flow is more steady It is fixed.
The first drainage piece L2 and the second drainage piece L3 is strip structure.
The flow deflector L4 is strip structure.
Such framework avoids the rise of server component temperature and work period in rectangular-shape housing in the prior art Shorten, the too high damage of temperature occurs, freezes the defects of unstable.The first drainage piece L2 and the second drainage piece L3 are by stainless steel Material is formed, and the first drainage piece L2 and the second drainage piece L3 simultaneously column distribution and is arranged on cover plate L7, described first Drainage piece L2 and the second drainage piece L3 bottom is provided with some bending eyelet L11 and can play gas circulation, allow plenum fan to transport Row is safer, the effect of refrigeration.
Preferred embodiment of the present utility model is the foregoing is only, it is all at this not to limit the utility model All any modification, equivalent and improvement made within the spirit and principle of utility model etc., should be included in the utility model Protection domain within.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of non-inflatable tyre of support body, including wheel rim, tread components and supporter, the supporter is around distribution On the periphery wall of the wheel rim, the supporter is made up of some row blocks, and the block is in plastic material Hollow structure, maintains spacing in some row blocks between two adjacent row blocks, adjacent in the often row block Two blocks between also maintain spacing, the tread components include rubber tread and are distributed in the bottom wall table of rubber tread The rubber assembly in face, the rubber assembly are made up of some row block rubbers, two adjacent row rubber in some row block rubbers Maintain spacing between block, spacing, the rubber tyre are also maintained between two adjacent block rubbers in the often row block rubber Face is fixed and is covered on the supporter, and each block rubber is embedded between a pair of adjacent blocks correspondingly, described The bottom of each block rubber maintains spacing with the wheel rim.
2. a kind of non-inflatable tyre of support body according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the supporter uniform ring Around being distributed on the periphery wall of the wheel rim, the block is rectangular-shape structure, and the block rubber is rectangular-shape knot Structure.
3. a kind of non-inflatable tyre of support body according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the supporter is by pure modeling Material is disposably molded, and the tread components are disposably molded by rubber to be formed, and also can be disposably injection moulded.
CN201720254273.8U 2017-03-16 2017-03-16 A kind of non-inflatable tyre of support body Expired - Fee Related CN206841086U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720254273.8U CN206841086U (en) 2017-03-16 2017-03-16 A kind of non-inflatable tyre of support body

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720254273.8U CN206841086U (en) 2017-03-16 2017-03-16 A kind of non-inflatable tyre of support body

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206841086U true CN206841086U (en) 2018-01-05

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ID=60790386

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201720254273.8U Expired - Fee Related CN206841086U (en) 2017-03-16 2017-03-16 A kind of non-inflatable tyre of support body

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206841086U (en)

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180105

Termination date: 20200316