CN206831988U - Solar energy hot blast drying system - Google Patents

Solar energy hot blast drying system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206831988U
CN206831988U CN201720755510.9U CN201720755510U CN206831988U CN 206831988 U CN206831988 U CN 206831988U CN 201720755510 U CN201720755510 U CN 201720755510U CN 206831988 U CN206831988 U CN 206831988U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar energy
air
hothouse
hot blast
airduct
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201720755510.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭丽
王鹏
李杨
从莘芫
毛羽竹
韩天昊
魏红菊
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Suihua University
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Suihua University
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201720755510.9U priority Critical patent/CN206831988U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206831988U publication Critical patent/CN206831988U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

Solar energy hot blast drying system, the utility model belong to food drying field, and it is difficult to work continuously to solve existing solar heat air dryer in rainy days and night, the problem of multilayer dose uneven drying.The solar energy hot blast drying system mainly includes solar energy air heat collector, hothouse, material frame, dry heat cylinder, drier and fixed mount, drier is located at the center of hothouse bottom plate, the top of drier is provided with rotation platform, dry heat cylinder is fixed with the upper surface of rotation platform, multilayer hot-air mouth is provided with dry heat cylinder, fixed mount is internally provided with dry heat cylinder, heater is arranged on fixed mount, multiple material frames are placed with hothouse, air-introduced machine is installed, side wall upper part sets exhaust blower on the roof of hothouse.The utility model makes the hot blast on multilayers bin be evenly distributed by dry heat cylinder, and the drying operation at rainy days or night is realized using the heater in cartridge heater.

Description

Solar energy hot blast drying system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to food drying field, and in particular to a kind of solar energy hot blast drying system.
Background technology
Solar thermal utilization has a wide range of applications in industry and the field such as agricultural, food, agricultural byproducts processing in Drying process is a necessary process procedure again, and huge energy consumption.Drying process is usually to be carried using dry air as heat Body, air is heated by solar energy water heat collector or solar energy air heat collector, due to the structure of solar energy air heat collector It is relatively easy, the heat energy of heating air can be directly converted solar energy into, then be dried by hot-air, so, in recent years Carry out solar energy air heat collector to be widely applied.
But the utilization of solar energy can not be then realized at rainy days and night, it is difficult to realize continuous drying operation, also, for The drying of a large amount of multilayer food products, agricultural byproducts, can also have the problem of uneven drying.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to be difficult to reality in rainy days and night to solve existing solar heat air dryer Now work continuously, the problem of multilayer dose uneven drying, and provide a kind of solar energy hot blast drying system.
The utility model solar energy hot blast drying system includes solar energy air heat collector, blower fan, hothouse, multilayer dose Frame, dry heat cylinder, drier, fixed mount, heater, exhaust blower and air-introduced machine, it is provided with the bottom plate center of hothouse Drier, rotation platform is provided with the top of drier, and dry heat cylinder is fixed with the upper surface of rotation platform, along dry The axial direction of dry cartridge heater is provided with multilayer hot-air mouth, and in the fixed mount that is internally provided with of dry heat cylinder, heater is arranged on fixation On frame, surrounding is placed with multiple multilayers bins centered on dry heat cylinder in hothouse, is set in the side wall of hothouse Temperature sensor and humidity sensor are equipped with, the side wall upper part of hothouse is provided with an exhaust blower, on the roof of hothouse An at least air-introduced machine is installed;
The air outlet of solar energy air heat collector is connected by the first airduct with the air inlet of drier, in the first airduct In be provided with blower fan, one end of the second airduct is connected with air-introduced machine, and the other end of the second airduct communicates with the first airduct, Air-valve is each provided with one airduct and the second airduct.
Solar energy air heat collector in solar energy hot blast drying system directly converts solar energy into heat energy, flows through the sun The air themperature rise of energy air collector, by entering after drier dry filter in dry heat cylinder, dry heat cylinder Multilayer hot-air mouth is provided with outer wall, drives dry heat cylinder to rotate by rotation platform, is directed at the hot-air mouth of dry heat cylinder Every layer of stock supporting plate of multilayers bin, food or agricultural byproducts evenly drying on every layer of stock supporting plate can be made.
In the hot blast shortage of heat that rainy days, night or solar energy air heat collector provide, dry heat cylinder is opened In heater, by electrical heating improve hot blast temperature, realize that heated-air drying is worked continuously.When hot blast temperature stabilization, hot blast Closed loop cycle is formed by the first airduct and the second airduct, while improves drying efficiency.
Solar energy hot blast drying system described in the utility model can be applied to the drying of agricultural, agricultural product and food In operation.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model solar energy hot blast drying system.
Embodiment
Embodiment one:Present embodiment solar energy hot blast drying system includes solar energy air heat collector 1, blower fan 2nd, hothouse 3, multilayers bin 4, dry heat cylinder 5, drier 6, fixed mount 7, heater 8, exhaust blower 11 and air-introduced machine 12, Drier 6 is provided with the bottom plate center of hothouse 3, the top of drier 6 is provided with rotation platform 10, in rotation platform 10 upper surface is installed with dry heat cylinder 5, multilayer hot-air mouth 5-1 is provided with along the axial direction of dry heat cylinder 5, in dry heat cylinder 5 are internally provided with fixed mount 7, and heater 8 is arranged on fixed mount 7, in hothouse 3 four centered on dry heat cylinder 5 It is placed with multiple multilayers bins 4 week, temperature sensor 13 and humidity sensor 14 is provided with the side wall of hothouse 3, The side wall upper part of hothouse 3 is provided with an exhaust blower 11, and an at least air-introduced machine 12 is provided with the roof of hothouse 3;
The air outlet of solar energy air heat collector 1 is connected by the first airduct 20 with the air inlet of drier 6, first Blower fan 2 is provided with airduct 20, one end of the second airduct 21 is connected with air-introduced machine 12, the other end and first of the second airduct 21 Airduct 20 is communicated, and air-valve 23 is each provided with the first airduct 20 and the second airduct 21.
The air inlet of present embodiment solar energy air heat collector is provided with air-introduced machine.
Embodiment two:Present embodiment is attached on the inwall of hothouse 3 unlike embodiment one Heat-insulation layer.
The heat that present embodiment reduces hothouse by heat-insulation layer scatters and disappears.
Embodiment three:Present embodiment is unlike embodiment one or two in the apoplexy of the first airduct 20 Supercharger 24 is additionally provided with the follow-up pipeline of machine 2.
Embodiment four:In hothouse 3 unlike one of present embodiment and embodiment one to three Vavuum pump 15 is provided with exterior top wall, one end connection vavuum pump 15 of vacuum-pumping tube 16, the other end of vacuum-pumping tube 16 is with doing Dry room 3 communicates.
Present embodiment is vacuumized by vavuum pump to hothouse, plays reduction drying temperature, shortens drying time Effect.
Embodiment five:Unlike one of present embodiment and embodiment one to four on fixed mount 7 It is additionally provided with ultraviolet lamp 9.
Present embodiment can be carried out disinfection by ultraviolet lamp to dry gas.
Embodiment six:Multilayers bin 4 unlike one of present embodiment and embodiment one to five It is to be provided with multilayer stock supporting plate 4-2, straight-bar 4-1 along straight-bar 4-1 axial direction and driven by motor 4-3 to rotate.
Embodiment:The present embodiment solar energy hot blast drying system include solar energy air heat collector 1, blower fan 2, hothouse 3, Multilayers bin 4, dry heat cylinder 5, drier 6, fixed mount 7, heater 8, exhaust blower 11 and air-introduced machine 12, in hothouse 3 Bottom plate center at be provided with drier 6, the top of drier 6 is provided with rotation platform 10, in the upper table of rotation platform 10 Face is installed with dry heat cylinder 5, multilayer hot-air mouth 5-1 is provided with along the axial direction of dry heat cylinder 5, in the inside of dry heat cylinder 5 Fixed mount 7 is provided with, heater 8 and ultraviolet lamp 9 are arranged on fixed mount 7, in being with dry heat cylinder 5 in hothouse 3 Heart surrounding is placed with multiple multilayers bins 4, and temperature sensor 13 and humidity sensor are provided with the side wall of hothouse 3 14, the side wall upper part of hothouse 3 is provided with an exhaust blower 11, two air-introduced machines 12 are installed on the roof of hothouse 3;
The air outlet of solar energy air heat collector 1 is connected by the first airduct 20 with the air inlet of drier 6, first Blower fan 2 is provided with airduct 20, one end of the second airduct 21 is connected with air-introduced machine 12, the other end and first of the second airduct 21 Airduct 20 communicates, and is each provided with air-valve 23 on the first airduct 20 and the second airduct 21, electricity is provided with the outer wall of hothouse 3 Airgun controller 17.
The present embodiment fixed mount is sandwich construction, and heater and ultraviolet lamp can be arranged in the different layers of fixed mount. Closure can be capped on the hot-air mouth of dry heat cylinder.Heater, ultraviolet lamp, TEMP are controlled by electric controller Device, humidity sensor and each blower fan.
The quantity of solar energy air heat collector can be multiple in the present embodiment, and each solar energy air heat collector is with the side of parallel connection Formula is connected with tracheae.
The drying process of the present embodiment solar energy hot blast drying system is as follows:Adjustment rotation platform makes the heat of dry heat cylinder Air port is directed at each stock supporting plate of surrounding multilayers bin, and the hot blast in solar energy air heat collector enters drier through the first airduct In, the hot blast after dry filter is dispersed on the different laminates of material frame by the hot-air mouth of dry heat cylinder, makes every layer of bearing material Food drying on plate is uniform, and the heater in dry heat cylinder is alternative to be opened, to compensate the shortage of heat of hot blast.In heat After the temperature stabilization of wind, the hot blast in hothouse is returned in hothouse through the second airduct and the first airduct successively by air-introduced machine, Dry efficiency is improved, when the air humidity that humidity sensor is detected in hothouse is larger, is then arranged air by exhaust blower Go out.

Claims (6)

1. solar energy hot blast drying system, it is characterised in that the solar energy hot blast drying system includes solar energy air heat collector (1), blower fan (2), hothouse (3), multilayers bin (4), dry heat cylinder (5), drier (6), fixed mount (7), heater (8), exhaust blower (11) and air-introduced machine (12), are provided with drier (6) at the bottom plate center of hothouse (3), in drier (6) Top be provided with rotation platform (10), be fixed with dry heat cylinder (5) in the upper surface of rotation platform (10), along dry plus The axial direction of hot cylinder (5) is provided with multilayer hot-air mouth (5-1), and fixed mount (7), heater are internally provided with dry heat cylinder (5) (8) it is arranged on fixed mount (7), surrounding is placed with multiple multilayer doses centered on dry heat cylinder (5) in hothouse (3) Frame (4), temperature sensor (13) and humidity sensor (14) are provided with the side wall of hothouse (3), in the side of hothouse (3) Wall top is provided with an exhaust blower (11), and an at least air-introduced machine (12) is provided with the roof of hothouse (3);
The air outlet of solar energy air heat collector (1) is connected by the first airduct (20) with the air inlet of drier (6), Blower fan (2) is provided with one airduct (20), one end of the second airduct (21) is connected with air-introduced machine (12), the second airduct (21) The other end is communicated with the first airduct (20), and air-valve (23) is each provided with the first airduct (20) and the second airduct (21).
2. solar energy hot blast drying system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that adhere on the inwall of hothouse (3) There is heat-insulation layer.
3. solar energy hot blast drying system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the blower fan (2) in the first airduct (20) Follow-up pipeline in be additionally provided with supercharger (24).
4. solar energy hot blast drying system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in the exterior top wall of hothouse (3) It is provided with vavuum pump (15), one end connection vavuum pump (15) of vacuum-pumping tube (16), the other end of vacuum-pumping tube (16) and drying Room (3) communicates.
5. solar energy hot blast drying system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be additionally provided with purple on fixed mount (7) Outside line lamp (9).
6. solar energy hot blast drying system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that multilayers bin (4) is along straight-bar The axial direction of (4-1) is provided with multilayer stock supporting plate (4-2), and straight-bar (4-1) is driven by motor (4-3) to be rotated.
CN201720755510.9U 2017-06-27 2017-06-27 Solar energy hot blast drying system Expired - Fee Related CN206831988U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720755510.9U CN206831988U (en) 2017-06-27 2017-06-27 Solar energy hot blast drying system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720755510.9U CN206831988U (en) 2017-06-27 2017-06-27 Solar energy hot blast drying system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206831988U true CN206831988U (en) 2018-01-02

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201720755510.9U Expired - Fee Related CN206831988U (en) 2017-06-27 2017-06-27 Solar energy hot blast drying system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206831988U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108195160A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-06-22 南宁市黑晶信息技术有限公司 A kind of lithosporic dried fish drying device
CN108362090A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-08-03 南宁市黑晶信息技术有限公司 A kind of lithosporic dried fish drying device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108195160A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-06-22 南宁市黑晶信息技术有限公司 A kind of lithosporic dried fish drying device
CN108362090A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-08-03 南宁市黑晶信息技术有限公司 A kind of lithosporic dried fish drying device

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180102

Termination date: 20200627

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee