CN206810092U - A kind of automatic fertilizer compounding machine - Google Patents

A kind of automatic fertilizer compounding machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206810092U
CN206810092U CN201720486583.2U CN201720486583U CN206810092U CN 206810092 U CN206810092 U CN 206810092U CN 201720486583 U CN201720486583 U CN 201720486583U CN 206810092 U CN206810092 U CN 206810092U
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China
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hopper
fertilizer
stirring
frame
upset
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CN201720486583.2U
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Chinese (zh)
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璧典寒
赵亮
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Jiangsu Hagong Pharmaceutical Machine Technology Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Hagong Pharmaceutical Machine Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of automatic fertilizer compounding machine, the fertilizer compounding machine includes frame;At least two sets of feed riser turning devices, weighing device are used for receiving the fertilizer that corresponding feed riser turning device upset is toppled over;After weighing using band conveying device be delivered to the stirring of stirring transfer device then turnover down on discharge bucket, discharge bucket lifting upset is packed into sack-filling device again, a variety of fertilizer can automatically be weighed, stirred and packed by the automatic fertilizer compounding machine, so as to improve the efficiency of fertilizer management, make the configuration stability of fertilizer higher, reduce the labor intensity of worker.

Description

A kind of automatic fertilizer compounding machine
Technical field
A kind of automatic fertilizer compounding machine is the utility model is related to, for by a variety of fertilizer or fertilizer material mixed configuration.
Background technology
China is large agricultural country, and agricultural production is related to the economic lifeline of country.Agriculturally need to use substantial amounts of compound Fertilizer, current composite fertilizer make to be configured a variety of fertilizer according to certain weight ratio, claimed by way of manually weighing Seen after weight, various fertilizer are manually mixed, is then directly loadable into fertilizer packaging bag and carries out bagging operations, whole fertilizer The configuration process efficiency of material is low, and the labor intensity of worker is big, and cost of labor is high, meanwhile, the allocation ratio of fertilizer is simultaneously unstable, by mistake It is poor big.
Utility model content
First technical problem to be solved in the utility model be:A kind of automatic fertilizer compounding machine is provided, the automatic fertilizer compounding machine A variety of fertilizer can automatically be weighed, stirred and packed, so as to improve the efficiency of fertilizer management, make the configuration of fertilizer steady It is qualitative higher, reduce the labor intensity of worker.
To solve above-mentioned first technical problem, the technical solution of the utility model is:A kind of automatic fertilizer compounding machine, including machine Frame;
At least two sets of feed riser turning devices, often covering feed riser turning device includes being movably installed in frame Feed hopper, the feed hopper overturn Tilting after power set driving is lifted by the first lifting;
Weighing device, the weighing device include the weigh hopper of upper end open, the quantity of the weigh hopper and charging The quantity that struggles against is identical and corresponds cooperation, and the weigh hopper is by weighing sensor suspended fixing in frame and positioned at corresponding Feed hopper upset downstream, the weigh hopper receive corresponding to the fertilizer toppled over of feed hopper upset, the weigh hopper Lower exit be provided with and close or open the discharging controlling device of the lower outlet;
Stir transfer device;The stirring transfer device includes the stirring hopper for swinging installation, described to stir the upper of hopper End opening and be connected between the lower outlet of each weigh hopper by band conveying device, described stir is rotatablely equipped with and stirred in hopper Blade is mixed, the stirring vane is driven by stirring power device, and the stirring hopper is driven by the first swinging power device to be swung Tilting;
Discharging lifting turning device;The discharging lifting turning device includes being movably installed in frame and positioned at stirring material The discharge bucket in the upset downstream of bucket, the discharge bucket coordinates in lowest part with stirring hopper receives what stirring hopper upset was toppled over Fertilizer, the discharge bucket overturn Tilting after power set driving is lifted by the second lifting;
Sack-filling device, the sack-filling device include the bagging hopper being fixed in frame, and the bagging hopper is positioned at discharging The upset downstream of bucket is used for the fertilizer for receiving discharge bucket upset, and the bottom of the bagging hopper is provided with the bag for facilitating bag with fertilizer Muzzle holds the mouth of pipe, and the clamping and fixing device of the sack for clamping or unclamping bag with fertilizer is provided with the bagging hopper.
As a kind of preferable scheme, the automatic fertilizer compounding machine also includes charging tilting device, the charging tilting device Including the placement flitch for placing bag with fertilizer, the placement flitch, which is swung, to be arranged in frame and positioned at the upper of corresponding feed hopper Side is swum, the fertilizer in bag with fertilizer is poured onto in feed hopper by the placement flitch by the driving upset of the second swinging power device.
As a kind of preferable scheme, the both sides in the frame positioned at feed hopper are respectively arranged with charging turning guide rail, The charging turning guide rail includes the first supporting guide plate and the second supporting guide plate, and the first supporting guide plate extends vertically It is arranged in frame, the second supporting guide plate includes being extended vertically in the second upright guide rail plate portion and water in frame It is flat to be extended in the second horizontal guide rail plate portion in frame, the upper end of the second upright guide rail plate portion and the second horizontal guide rail The plate face of plate portion arc transition, the first supporting guide plate and the second supporting guide plate is mutually perpendicular to, a left side for the feed hopper Right both sides are mounted on the first guide wheel assemblies and the second guide wheel assemblies, and the wheel carrier of first guide wheel assemblies is in level Heart line is rotatablely installed on feed hopper, and the directive wheel of first guide wheel assemblies and the first supporting guide plate are corresponded and coordinated Support, the wheel carrier of second guide wheel assemblies are fixed on hopper and are located at the top of the first guide wheel assemblies, and described second The directive wheel of guide wheel assemblies and the second supporting guide plate, which correspond, coordinates support, and the feed hopper passes through pull rope and first Lifting upset power set drive connection, the fixed position of the pull rope and feed hopper is located at the lower section of the first guide wheel group.
As a kind of preferable scheme, the discharging controlling device includes control casing, and the control casing is fixedly mounted In in the lower outlet of weigh hopper, being fixed with discharge tube in the lower outlet of the weigh hopper, the control casing both sides pair Title is provided with extruding cylinder, and discharge tube is mounted on extruding positioned at control box house, the symmetrical piston rod for extruding cylinder Bar, each pressure ram are close to each other or away from closing and the opening for realizing discharge tube.
As a kind of preferable scheme, the stirring hopper swings installation around the oscillation center axle on the outside of stirring hopper In in frame, the oscillation center axle rotation is installed in frame, and the stirring hopper is set in swing by swinging bush Realize that the swing around oscillation center axle is installed in mandrel, the stirring power device includes stirring motor, the stirring motor and pendulum By primary transmission mechanism driving between dynamic central shaft, passed between the oscillation center axle and the rotating shaft of stirring vane by two level Dynamic mechanism driving.
As a kind of preferable scheme, first swinging power device includes two tumble cylinders be arrangeding in parallel, institute The cylinder body for stating tumble cylinder is hinged in frame, and the piston rod of the tumble cylinder is set down, the rotating shaft of the stirring vane Both ends be rotatablely equipped with turning set, connected one to one between the piston rod and turning set of the tumble cylinder.
As a kind of preferable scheme, the mounting means of the discharge bucket and the mounting means of feed hopper and type of drive are equal It is identical.
As a kind of preferable scheme, the clamping and fixing device includes two hinged seats, and the hinged seat is individually fixed in Bagging hopper both sides, are hinged with articulated linkage on the hinged seat, the other end of the articulated linkage be fixed with outside lower nozzle The clamping plate that wall coordinates, manipulation connecting rods, the manipulation connecting rods and bagging hopper are fixed with the articulated linkage or on clamping plate Outer wall between be hinged with driving articulated linkage swing folding power set.
After employing above-mentioned technical proposal, effect of the present utility model is:The automatic fertilizer compounding machine can realize oneself of fertilizer Dynamic configuration and pack, during real work, the fertilizer not passed through is poured into different feed hoppers, then by bunker lift and turned over Turn, fertilizer is dropped into weigh hopper, weigh hopper is claimed using weighing sensor device to the real-time weight of weigh hopper Weight, the fertilizer that weigh hopper is released are the weight change value of weigh hopper, so can accurately control the configuration of every kind of fertilizer Amount, then various fertilizer are sent in stirring hopper using band conveying device and carry out concentrated compactness, stirring hopper passes through upset Mode will be poured into the fertilizer postponed in discharge bucket, discharge bucket, which is lifted and overturn, to be made material be brought into bagging hopper to pack, Whole process is completed in automatic fertilizer compounding machine, and so as to reduce the labor intensity of worker, the allocation ratio of every bag of fertilizer compares Accurately, mix also than more uniform, improve the efficiency with fertilizer.
Again because the automatic fertilizer compounding machine also includes charging tilting device, the charging tilting device includes being used to place fertilizer The placement flitch of pocket, the flitch of placing swing the upstream side for being arranged in frame and being located at corresponding feed hopper, the placement Fertilizer in bag with fertilizer is poured onto in feed hopper by flitch by the driving upset of the second swinging power device, the list in such bag with fertilizer The fertilizer of one species is more prone to be poured onto in feed hopper, reduces the labor intensity of worker.
Charging turning guide rail is respectively arranged with due to being located at the both sides of feed hopper in the frame again, the charging upset is led Rail includes the first supporting guide plate and the second supporting guide plate, and the first supporting guide plate is extended in frame vertically, The second supporting guide plate includes being extended in the second upright guide rail plate portion in frame and horizontal-extending being arranged at vertically The second horizontal guide rail plate portion in frame, the upper end of the second upright guide rail plate portion and the second horizontal guide rail plate portion circular arc mistake Cross, the plate face of the first supporting guide plate and the second supporting guide plate is mutually perpendicular to, and the left and right sides of the feed hopper is pacified Equipped with the first guide wheel assemblies and the second guide wheel assemblies, the wheel carrier of first guide wheel assemblies rotates around horizontal center line pacifies Loaded on feed hopper, the directive wheel of first guide wheel assemblies and the first supporting guide plate correspond and coordinate support, described The wheel carrier of second guide wheel assemblies is fixed on hopper and positioned at the top of the first guide wheel assemblies, second guide wheel assemblies Directive wheel and the second supporting guide plate correspond coordinate support, the feed hopper by pull rope with first lifting upset move Power apparatus is connected, and the fixed position of the pull rope and feed hopper is located at the lower section of the first guide wheel group, the feed hopper Lifting and upset are very smooth, and hopper operates steadily, and dump position is accurate.
Again because the discharging controlling device includes control casing, the control casing is fixedly installed under weigh hopper In outlet, discharge tube is fixed with the lower outlet of the weigh hopper, the control casing both sides are symmetrically arranged with extruding gas Cylinder, discharge tube are mounted on pressure ram positioned at control box house, the symmetrical piston rod for extruding cylinder, and each pressure ram is mutual Closer or far from the closing and opening for realizing discharge tube, the discharging controlling device is simple in construction, reliable in action, can be quickly accurate The closing of the true lower outlet for realizing weigh hopper and opening.
It is installed on again because the stirring hopper is swung around the oscillation center axle on the outside of stirring hopper in frame, it is described Oscillation center axle rotation is installed in frame, and the stirring hopper is set in oscillation center axle by swinging bush and realized around pendulum The swing installation of dynamic central shaft, the stirring power device include stirring motor, led between the stirring motor and oscillation center axle Primary transmission mechanism driving is crossed, is driven between the oscillation center axle and the rotating shaft of stirring vane by secondary drive mechanism, should It is very reasonable to stir the swing of hopper, stirring motor is not resided on stirring hopper with the swing of its swing, so stirring hopper Lighter, the exportable smaller power drive stirring hopper of the first swinging power device is swung.
Again because the clamping and fixing device includes two hinged seats, the hinged seat is individually fixed in bagging hopper both sides, Articulated linkage is hinged with the hinged seat, the other end of the articulated linkage is fixed with the clamping coordinated with lower nozzle outer wall Plate, manipulation connecting rods are fixed with the articulated linkage or on clamping plate, are cut with scissors between the outer wall of the manipulation connecting rods and bagging hopper The folding power set that driving articulated linkage is swung are connected to, clamping and fixing device can realize the quick solid of fertilizer packaging bag sack Fixed, operation is easier.
The invention also discloses a kind of fertilizer management method, the fertilizer management method utilizes above-mentioned automatic fertilizer compounding machine Fertilizer management is realized, is comprised the following steps:
1. a variety of fertilizer materials are poured in corresponding feed hopper, a kind of fertilizer material is poured into each feed hopper;
2. after feed hopper is lifted to certain altitude and overturning, the fertilizer material in each feed hopper is set to pour into corresponding title Feed hopper, which resets, in heavy burder bucket, after the completion of charging is in initial position;
3. from the bottom blowing of each weigh hopper, each weigh hopper is weighed in real time using weighing sensor, When the weight change value of weigh hopper is equal to corresponding this kind of fertilizer weight to be configured, weigh hopper stops blowing;
4. uniformly delivered in a stirring hopper using the various fertilizer materials for releasing each weigh hopper with conveying device It is stirred;
5. stirring hopper is overturn, the upset of the fertilizer after stirring is set to stir hopper reset after pouring into discharge bucket;
6. will discharge bucket lifting to overturning after certain altitude, make the material in discharge bucket pour into bagging hopper after discharge bucket answer Position, suit secures fertilizer packaging bag in advance for the bottom of bagging hopper, and the fertilizer toppled over is completed to be somebody's turn to do after dropping into fertilizer packaging bag The configuration of bag fertilizer;
7. fertilizer packaging bag and bagging hopper are separated, and new fertilizer packaging bag suit is fixed on to the bottom of bagging hopper Portion, repeat step 3 to 7 carries out the configuration of new one bag of fertilizer, and when the fertilizer deficiency in weigh hopper, repeat step 1 and 2 pairs should Weigh hopper carries out feed supplement.
Wherein, method fertilizer being poured in feed hopper in step 1 is:The sack of bag with fertilizer is opened and is placed on can On the placement flitch of upset, the suitable for reading of feed hopper is provided with broken grid, and the upset of blowing flitch topples over the fertilizer in bag with fertilizer To feed hopper, broken grid carries out broken to this kind of fertilizer while isolates bag with fertilizer, then coordinates the artificial bag for lifting bag with fertilizer Bottom makes fertilizer pour into feed hopper;In step 3, during the bottom blowing of weigh hopper, also using can move up and down repeatedly Charging ram promotes fertilizer, makes the smooth blowing of fertilizer.
After employing above-mentioned technical proposal, effect of the present utility model is:This utilizes above-mentioned automatic fertilizer compounding with fertile method Machine realizes the mixing quantitative configuration of a variety of fertilizer, and configuration is more quick reasonable, and the stability of configuration is higher, reduces the labor of worker Fatigue resistance, improve efficiency.
In addition, the raw material bag with fertilizer that should match somebody with somebody fertile method can be more laborsaving with rapid dumps on feed hopper, while utilize broken Broken grid can crush to raw material fertilizer, avoid caking phenomenon, meanwhile, during weighing push away using charging ram Material, makes the blanking of fertilizer more smooth.
Brief description of the drawings
The utility model is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is the three-dimensional structure diagram of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the stereogram structure chart of another angle of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation for feeding tilting device device;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of discharging lifting turning device;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of weighing device;
Fig. 6 is the three-dimensional structure diagram for stirring transfer device, discharging lifting turning device and sack-filling device;
Fig. 7 is the front view for stirring transfer device, discharging lifting turning device and sack-filling device;
Fig. 8 is sectional views of the Fig. 7 at A-A;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of stirring vane;
In accompanying drawing:1. frame;2. place flitch;3. feed hopper;4. weigh hopper;5. discharging controlling device;51. control cabinet Body;52. extrude cylinder;53. discharge tube;54. pressure ram;6. point conveyer belt;7. main conveyor belt;8. stir hopper;9. weigh Sensor;10. the first swinging power device;11. discharge bucket;12. stirring motor;13. oscillation center axle;14. the second swing is dynamic Power apparatus;15. broken grid;16. pusher cylinder;17. charging ram;18. bagging hopper;19. clamping and fixing device;191. open Close power set;192. articulated linkage;193. manipulation connecting rods;194. hinged seat;195. clamping plate;20. the second lifting upset is dynamic Power apparatus;21. the first lifting upset power set;22. turning set;23. rotating shaft;24. stirring vane;25. the first guide wheel group Part;26. the second guide wheel assemblies;27. the first supporting guide plate;28. the second supporting guide plate;29. pull rope;30. baffle plate; 31. driven reel;32. active reel;33. one-level driven sprocket;34. two level drive sprocket;35. two level driven chain Wheel.
Embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below by specific embodiment.
As shown in Figures 1 to 9, a kind of automatic fertilizer compounding machine, including frame 1;The frame 1 is fixed into framework knot by various section bars Structure, the installation support as other parts of whole automatic fertilizer compounding machine.
At least two sets of feed riser turning devices, often covering feed riser turning device includes being movably installed in frame 1 Feed hopper 3, the feed hopper 3 by first lifting overturn power set 21 drive lifting after Tilting;In the present embodiment, enter The quantity of hopper 3 is five, and corresponding lifting turning device is five sets, and the automatic fertilizer compounding machine also includes charging tilting device, The charging tilting device includes being used for the placement flitch 2 for placing bag with fertilizer, and the placement flitch 2 is obliquely installed, and places flitch 2 High-end swing be arranged in frame 1 and positioned at the upstream side of corresponding feed hopper 3, the low side for placing flitch 2 is provided with baffle plate 30, The placement flitch 2 drives upset that the fertilizer in bag with fertilizer is poured onto in feed hopper 3 by the second swinging power device 14.Its In, the second swinging power device 14 includes the second oscillating cylinder, and the both ends of second oscillating cylinder, which are hinged on, places flitch 2 Between bottom and frame 1, for driving the swing for placing flitch 2, the bag with fertilizer for containing raw material fertilizer is directly placed at placement material On plate 2, opening suitable for reading, such second oscillating cylinder can driving, which is placed flitch 2 and swung, drops into the fertilizer in bag with fertilizer In feed hopper 3, charging is realized, it is of course possible to be accomplished manually with individual, the bag bottom that worker lifts bag with fertilizer makes fertilizer thoroughly pour into simultaneously Take bag with fertilizer away.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, 3, the both sides in the frame 1 positioned at feed hopper 3 are respectively arranged with charging turning guide rail, institute Stating charging turning guide rail includes the first supporting guide plate 27 and the second supporting guide plate 28, and the first supporting guide plate 27 is vertical It is extended in frame 1, the second supporting guide plate 28 includes being extended vertically in the second upright guide rail in frame 1 Plate portion and horizontal-extending the second horizontal guide rail plate portion being arranged in frame 1, the upper end of the second upright guide rail plate portion and Two horizontal guide rail plate portion arc transitions, the plate face of the first supporting guide plate 27 and the second supporting guide plate 28 are mutually perpendicular to, Wherein, the plate face of the first supporting guide plate 27 is on left and right directions face, and the plate face of the second supporting guide plate 28 is in front and back To on face, the left and right sides of the feed hopper 3 is mounted on the first guide wheel assemblies 25 and the second guide wheel assemblies 26, and described The wheel carrier of one guide wheel assemblies 25 is rotatablely installed on feed hopper 3 around horizontal center line, and first guide wheel assemblies 25 are led Corresponded to wheel with the first supporting guide plate 27 and coordinate support, the wheel carrier of second guide wheel assemblies 26 is fixed on hopper And positioned at the top of the first guide wheel assemblies 25, the directive wheel of second guide wheel assemblies 26 and the second supporting guide plate 28 Correspond and coordinate support, such feed hopper 3 will be limited a left side in vertical-lifting by the effect of the first supporting guide plate 27 Right direction, and aid in constraining by the second supporting guide plate 28, wherein the first guide wheel assemblies 25 and the second guide wheel assemblies 26 directive wheel is V-shaped.The feed hopper 3 is connected by pull rope 29 and the first lifting upset power set 21, The fixed position of the pull rope 29 and feed hopper 3 is located at the lower section of the first guide wheel group.
Wherein, the first lifting upset power set 21 include an inverted lifting cylinder, the piston rod of the lifting cylinder Active reel 32 is secured, is provided with driven reel 31 in frame 1, the one end of pull rope 29 is fixed on feed hopper 3, another Around being fixed on after driven reel 31 and active reel 32 in frame 1, the piston rod of such lifting cylinder extends downwardly from end Feed hopper 3 will be pulled to be lifted, and feed hopper 3 rises along the first supporting guide plate 27, when the second guide wheel assemblies 26 enter Due to the rising that continues below of charging during two horizontal guide rail plate portions, and the two horizontal guide rail plate portions on the top of feed hopper 3, so as to shape Into shape is toppled over, the upset of feed hopper 3 is completed, fertilizer is poured into respective weigh hopper 4 by feed hopper 3.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 with shown in Fig. 5, the weighing device includes the weigh hopper 4 of upper end open, the weigh hopper 4 Quantity it is identical with the quantity of feed hopper 3 and correspond coordinate, the present embodiment also be five, the weigh hopper 4 is by weighing The suspended fixing of sensor 9 is in frame 1 and corresponding positioned at the upset downstream of corresponding feed hopper 3, the reception of weigh hopper 4 Feed hopper 3 overturn the fertilizer toppled over, the lower exit of the weigh hopper 4 is provided with the discharging for closing or opening the lower outlet Control device 5;
As shown in figure 5, vertical sliding is provided with charging ram 17 in weigh hopper 4, charging ram 17 is driven by pusher cylinder 16 It is dynamic.Pusher cylinder 16 drives charging ram 17 to be inserted into fertilizer, facilitates being spilt from lower outlet for fertilizer.And
The discharging controlling device 5 includes control casing 51, and the control casing 51 is fixedly installed under weigh hopper 4 In outlet, discharge tube 53 is fixed with the lower outlet of the weigh hopper 4, control casing 51 both sides are symmetrically arranged with Cylinder 52 is extruded, inside control casing 51, the symmetrical piston rod for extruding cylinder 52 is mounted on extruding discharge tube 53 Bar 54, each pressure ram 54 are close to each other or away from closing and the opening for realizing discharge tube 53.
Band conveying device is provided between the lower section of weigh hopper 4 and stirring hopper 8, the band conveying device is defeated including dividing Band 6 and main conveyor belt 7 are sent, weigh hopper 4 is arranged in a straight line, and it is two to be divided to conveyer belt 6, and is driven respectively by corresponding motor, main Conveyer belt 7 is also driven by corresponding motor and positioned at the lower section for dividing conveyer belt 6, divides conveyer belt 6 to fall into each weigh hopper 4 not Same fertilizer is delivered on main conveyor belt 7, and then main conveyor belt 7 delivers to fertilizer in stirring hopper 8.
As shown in Figure 6 to 8, the stirring hopper 8 that transfer device includes swinging installation is stirred, it is described to stir the upper of hopper 8 End opening and between the lower outlet of each weigh hopper 4 by band conveying device be connected, it is described stir hopper 8 in be rotatablely equipped with Stirring vane 24, the stirring vane 24 are driven by stirring power device, and the stirring hopper 8 is by the first swinging power device 10 drivings swing Tilting.
Wherein, the stirring hopper 8 swings around the oscillation center axle 13 in the outside of stirring hopper 8 and is installed in frame 1, The rotation of oscillation center axle 13 is installed in frame 1, and the stirring hopper 8 is set in oscillation center axle 13 by swinging bush Upper to realize that the swing around oscillation center axle 13 is installed, the stirring power device includes stirring motor 12, the stirring motor 12 and By primary transmission mechanism driving between oscillation center axle 13, the rotating shaft 23 of the oscillation center axle 13 and stirring vane 24 it Between be driven by secondary drive mechanism.Wherein, primary transmission mechanism and secondary drive mechanism are chain-drive mechanism, wherein stirring One-level drive sprocket is fixed with the output shaft of motor 12, one end of oscillation center axle 13 is fixed with one-level driven sprocket 33, pendulum The other end of dynamic central shaft 13 is fixed with two level drive sprocket 34, and two level driven chain is fixed with the rotating shaft 23 of stirring vane 24 Wheel 35, passes through between one-level drive sprocket and one-level driven sprocket 33, between two level drive sprocket 34 and two level driven sprocket 35 Chain passing power.So, stirring hopper 8 is swung by swinging bush around oscillation center axle 13, and oscillation center axle 13 itself The power transmission as stirring vane 24 is rotated, the weight of so stirring hopper 8 is most light, the institute of the first swinging power device 10 Need power consumption minimum.As described in Figure 9, the stirring vane 24 includes the blade body of the row's E fonts of rotating shaft 23 and two, blade body welding It is in an acute angle in rotating shaft 23 and with the center line of rotating shaft 23.
As shown in Figure 6, Figure 7, first swinging power device 10 includes two tumble cylinders be arrangeding in parallel, described to turn over The cylinder body of rotaring cylinder is hinged in frame 1, and the piston rod of the tumble cylinder is set down, the rotating shaft 23 of the stirring vane 24 Both ends be rotatablely equipped with turning set 22, connected one to one between the piston rod and turning set 22 of the tumble cylinder.Pass through The piston rod of tumble cylinder stretches, it is possible to realizes the swing of stirring hopper 8, realizes batch turning.
As shown in Fig. 1,2,4,6,7, discharging lifting turning device;The discharging lifting turning device includes being movably installed in In frame 1 and positioned at the discharge bucket 11 in the upset downstream of stirring hopper 8, the discharge bucket 11 is in lowest part and stirring hopper 8 Coordinate and receive the fertilizer that the stirring upset of hopper 8 is toppled over, the discharge bucket 11 overturns power set 20 by the second lifting and drives lifting Tilting afterwards;The mounting means of the discharge bucket 11 and the mounting means of feed hopper 3 and type of drive all same.Namely Say, the both sides of discharge bucket 11 there are also installed the first guide wheel assemblies 25 and the second guide wheel assemblies 26, the side of being also provided with frame 1 Just the first supporting guide plate 27 and the second supporting guide plate 28 that discharge bucket 11 slides respectively with the first guide wheel assemblies 25 and the Two guide wheel assemblies 26 coordinate, and the second lifting upset power set 20 are identical with the first lifting upset structure of power set 21, All it is to drive discharge bucket 11 to be lifted and overturn by pull rope 29.Therefore the knot of discharging lifting turning device is not just introduced again in detail Structure.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, the sack-filling device includes the bagging hopper 18 being fixed in frame 1, institute State bagging hopper 18 and be located at fertilizer of the upset downstream of discharge bucket 11 for receiving the upset of discharge bucket 11, the bagging hopper 18 Bottom be provided with the lower nozzle for facilitating the sack of bag with fertilizer to be set with, be provided with the bagging hopper 18 for clamping or unclamp The clamping and fixing device 19 of the sack of bag with fertilizer.The clamping and fixing device 19 includes two hinged seats 194, the hinged seat 194 Be individually fixed in the both sides of bagging hopper 18, be hinged with articulated linkage 192 on the hinged seat 194, the articulated linkage 192 it is another One end is fixed with the clamping plate 195 coordinated with lower nozzle outer wall, and behaviour is fixed with the articulated linkage 192 or on clamping plate 195 Connecting rod 193 is controlled, opening for the driving swing of articulated linkage 192 is hinged between the outer wall of the manipulation connecting rods 193 and bagging hopper 18 Close power set 191.In the present embodiment, folding power set 191 are realized using cylinder, and manipulation connecting rods 193 are directly welded at folder On tight plate 195.
In addition, the invention also discloses a kind of automatic fertilizer compounding method, the fertilizer management method is using above-mentioned automatic Fertilizer compounding machine realizes fertilizer management, comprises the following steps:
1. a variety of fertilizer materials are poured in corresponding feed hopper 3, a kind of fertilizer material is poured into each feed hopper 3;
2. lift after certain altitude and overturn feed hopper 3, make corresponding to the fertilizer material in each feed hopper 3 pours into Feed hopper 3, which resets, in weigh hopper 4, after the completion of charging is in initial position;
3. from the bottom blowing of each weigh hopper 4, each weigh hopper 4 is claimed in real time using weighing sensor 9 Weight, when the weight change value of weigh hopper 4 is equal to corresponding this kind of fertilizer weight to be configured, weigh hopper 4 stops putting Material;
4. the various fertilizer materials that each weigh hopper 4 is released uniformly are delivered into a stirring hopper 8 using with conveying device In be stirred;
5. stirring hopper 8 is overturn, the upset of the fertilizer after stirring is poured into stirring hopper 8 after discharge bucket 11 and reset;
6. being overturn after discharge bucket 11 is lifted into certain altitude, the material in discharge bucket 11 is set to go out after pouring into bagging hopper 18 Hopper 11 resets, and suit secures fertilizer packaging bag in advance for the bottom of bagging hopper 18, and the fertilizer toppled over drops into fertilizer packaging The configuration of this bag of fertilizer is completed after bag;
7. fertilizer packaging bag and bagging hopper 18 are separated, and new fertilizer packaging bag suit is fixed on bagging hopper 18 Bottom, repeat step 3 to 7 carries out the configuration of new one bag of fertilizer, when the fertilizer deficiency in weigh hopper 4, the He of repeat step 1 2 pairs of weigh hoppers 4 carry out feed supplement.
Wherein, it is by the method that fertilizer is poured in feed hopper 3 in step 1:The sack of bag with fertilizer is opened and is placed on On turnover placement flitch 2, the suitable for reading of feed hopper 3 is provided with broken grid 15, and the upset of blowing flitch makes the fertilizer in bag with fertilizer Material is poured onto in feed hopper 3, and broken grid 15 carries out broken to this kind of fertilizer while isolates bag with fertilizer, then coordinates and manually lift The bag bottom of bag with fertilizer makes fertilizer pour into feed hopper 3;In step 3, during the bottom blowing of weigh hopper 4, also utilizing can be anti- The charging ram 17 to move up and down again promotes fertilizer, makes the smooth blowing of fertilizer.
The automatic fertilizer compounding machine and alternative manually with fertilizer with fertile method, allocation ratio is more accurate, more efficient with fertilizer. Whole fertilizer compounding machine equipment volume is small, and the mixed configuration of a variety of fertilizer materials can be achieved.
Performs device, the chain-drive mechanisms such as the cylinder mentioned in the present embodiment, motor are current routine techniques, In April, 2008 the 28th printing in the 5th edition, Beijing《Mechanical design handbook the 5th edition》In detailed disclose cylinder, electricity The concrete structure and principle of machine and other transmission mechanisms and other designs, belong to prior art, and its structure is cheer and bright, With regard in detail on 08 01st, 2008 the 3rd edition SMC training materials of modern practical pneumatics published by China Machine Press Disclose vacuum unit, gas return path and programme-control, it is also existing technology to indicate the gas circuit structure in the present embodiment, It is cheer and bright, published on 07 01st, 2015 by Chemical Industry Press《Motor drives and speed governing》Also Jie detailed in book Continued motor control and travel switch, therefore, circuit, gas circuit connection be all clear.
Embodiment described above is only the description to preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not as to the utility model The restriction of scope, on the basis of the utility model design spirit is not departed from, what technical solutions of the utility model were made is various Deformation and transformation, it all should fall into the protection domain that claims of the present utility model determine.

Claims (8)

  1. A kind of 1. automatic fertilizer compounding machine, it is characterised in that:Including
    Frame;
    At least two sets of feed riser turning devices, often cover the charging that feed riser turning device includes being movably installed in frame Bucket, the feed hopper overturn Tilting after power set driving is lifted by the first lifting;
    Weighing device, the weighing device include the weigh hopper of upper end open, quantity and the feed hopper number of the weigh hopper Measure identical and correspond cooperation, the weigh hopper is entered by weighing sensor suspended fixing in frame and corresponding to The upset downstream of hopper, the weigh hopper receive corresponding to the fertilizer toppled over of feed hopper upset, under the weigh hopper Exit is provided with the discharging controlling device for closing or opening the lower outlet;
    Stir transfer device;The stirring transfer device includes the stirring hopper for swinging installation, and the upper end of the stirring hopper is opened Mouthful and between the lower outlet of each weigh hopper by band conveying device be connected, it is described stir hopper in be rotatablely equipped with paddle Piece, the stirring vane are driven by stirring power device, and the stirring hopper is driven by the first swinging power device swings upset Batch turning;
    Discharging lifting turning device;The discharging lifting turning device includes being movably installed in frame and positioned at stirring hopper The discharge bucket in downstream is overturn, the discharge bucket coordinates the fertilizer for receiving stirring hopper upset and toppling in lowest part with stirring hopper Material, the discharge bucket overturn Tilting after power set driving is lifted by the second lifting;
    Sack-filling device, the sack-filling device include the bagging hopper being fixed in frame, and the bagging hopper is located at discharge bucket Upset downstream is used for the fertilizer for receiving discharge bucket upset, and the bottom of the bagging hopper is provided with the sack set for facilitating bag with fertilizer The mouth of pipe is held, the clamping and fixing device of the sack for clamping or unclamping bag with fertilizer is provided with the bagging hopper.
  2. A kind of 2. automatic fertilizer compounding machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The automatic fertilizer compounding machine is also toppled over including charging Device, the charging tilting device include being used for the placement flitch for placing bag with fertilizer, and the placement flitch, which is swung, is arranged at frame Upstream side that is upper and being located at corresponding feed hopper, the placement flitch is by the driving upset of the second swinging power device by bag with fertilizer Fertilizer is poured onto in feed hopper.
  3. A kind of 3. automatic fertilizer compounding machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:It is located at the two of feed hopper in the frame Side is respectively arranged with charging turning guide rail, and the charging turning guide rail includes the first supporting guide plate and the second supporting guide plate, The first supporting guide plate is extended in frame vertically, and the second supporting guide plate includes being extended in machine vertically The second upright guide rail plate portion and horizontal-extending the second horizontal guide rail plate portion being arranged in frame on frame, described second leads vertically The plate of the upper end of rail plate portion and the second horizontal guide rail plate portion arc transition, the first supporting guide plate and the second supporting guide plate Face is mutually perpendicular to, and is mounted on the first guide wheel assemblies and the second guide wheel assemblies at left and right sides of the feed hopper, and described The wheel carrier of one guide wheel assemblies is rotatablely installed on feed hopper around horizontal center line, the directive wheel of first guide wheel assemblies with First supporting guide plate, which corresponds, coordinates support, and the wheel carrier of second guide wheel assemblies is fixed on hopper and positioned at first The top of guide wheel assemblies, the directive wheel of second guide wheel assemblies and the second supporting guide plate, which correspond, coordinates support, The feed hopper is connected by pull rope and the first lifting upset power set, the fixed bit of the pull rope and feed hopper Setting in the lower section of the first guide wheel group.
  4. A kind of 4. automatic fertilizer compounding machine as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:The discharging controlling device includes control cabinet Body, the control casing are fixedly installed in the lower outlet of weigh hopper, and discharging is fixed with the lower outlet of the weigh hopper Flexible pipe, the control casing both sides are symmetrically arranged with extruding cylinder, and discharge tube symmetrically extrudes gas positioned at control box house The piston rod of cylinder is mounted on pressure ram, and each pressure ram is close to each other or away from closing and the opening for realizing discharge tube.
  5. A kind of 5. automatic fertilizer compounding machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The stirring hopper is around outside stirring hopper The oscillation center axle of side is swung and is installed in frame, and the oscillation center axle rotation is installed in frame, and the stirring hopper leads to Cross swinging bush and be set in the swing installation realized in oscillation center axle around oscillation center axle, the stirring power device includes stirring Motor is mixed, passes through primary transmission mechanism driving, the oscillation center axle and paddle between the stirring motor and oscillation center axle It is driven between the rotating shaft of piece by secondary drive mechanism.
  6. A kind of 6. automatic fertilizer compounding machine as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:First swinging power device includes two The tumble cylinder be arrangeding in parallel, the cylinder body of the tumble cylinder are hinged in frame, and the piston rod court of the tumble cylinder divides into Put, the both ends of the rotating shaft of the stirring vane are rotatablely equipped with turning set, between the piston rod and turning set of the tumble cylinder Connect one to one.
  7. A kind of 7. automatic fertilizer compounding machine as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:The mounting means and feed hopper of the discharge bucket Mounting means and type of drive all same.
  8. A kind of 8. automatic fertilizer compounding machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The clamping and fixing device includes two and is hinged Seat, the hinged seat is individually fixed in bagging hopper both sides, is hinged with articulated linkage on the hinged seat, the articulated linkage it is another One end is fixed with the clamping plate coordinated with lower nozzle outer wall, is fixed with manipulation connecting rods in the articulated linkage or on clamping plate, institute State and the folding power set that driving articulated linkage is swung are hinged between manipulation connecting rods and the outer wall of bagging hopper.
CN201720486583.2U 2017-05-04 2017-05-04 A kind of automatic fertilizer compounding machine Active CN206810092U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106964276A (en) * 2017-05-04 2017-07-21 江苏哈工药机科技股份有限公司 A kind of automatic fertilizer compounding machine and its fertilizer management method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106964276A (en) * 2017-05-04 2017-07-21 江苏哈工药机科技股份有限公司 A kind of automatic fertilizer compounding machine and its fertilizer management method

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