CN206803480U - biological particle hot air furnace - Google Patents

biological particle hot air furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206803480U
CN206803480U CN201720357417.2U CN201720357417U CN206803480U CN 206803480 U CN206803480 U CN 206803480U CN 201720357417 U CN201720357417 U CN 201720357417U CN 206803480 U CN206803480 U CN 206803480U
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China
Prior art keywords
combustion chamber
heat exchanger
shrouding
thermosistor
hot air
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CN201720357417.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨锴
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Anhui Jinshang Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Anhui Jinshang Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Abstract

A kind of biological particle hot air furnace, and dry and heating equipment technical field, including framework, outer shrouding, combustion chamber, heat exchanger, thermosistor, dust collecting box, wind-guiding case and feed appliance;Outer shrouding is fixedly installed on the surrounding of framework, the sidepiece of combustion chamber is provided with fire door and upper feed inlet through outer shrouding, heat exchanger is located at the upside of combustion chamber, heat exchanger connects with the inside of combustion chamber, the air inlet through outer shrouding is provided with front side of heat exchanger, thermosistor is arranged on the upside of heat exchanger and connected with the inside of heat exchanger, dust collecting box is located at the downside of combustion chamber, the inside of dust collecting box connects with combustion chamber, the sidepiece of dust collecting box is respectively arranged with air outlet and shoot door through outer shrouding, wind-guiding case fixing seal is arranged on heat exchanger and the rear side of combustion chamber.The utility model is rational in infrastructure, easy to use, produces hot blast with burn wood, stalk, stalk particle burning, easy to control, use cost is low.

Description

Biological particle hot air furnace
Technical field:
The present invention relates to dry and heating equipment technical field, and in particular to a kind of hot-blast stove for the biologic grain that can burn
Background technology:
Hot-blast stove is wide in variety, serial complete, with coal-adding type be divided into hand burn, two kinds of machine burning, with fuel type be divided into electricity, coal, Oil and gas fired boilers, it is divided into high temperature furnace, moderate oven to export wind-warm syndrome, indirect type and direct-type is divided into transporting pattern, controlled with heat exchanger Form is divided into conjunction and puts formula and separated type, and coal-grinding and powder-spraying machine etc. is then configured in Large Furnace, and structure is complex.
China is large agricultural country, and at present, agricultural byproducts amount is big, and scattered, land transformation still in starting the circulation stage, The a large amount of low temperature drying equipment of in the market still demand, countryside biomass energy source enriches, and almost belongs to free resource, be it is optimal and And the fuel most liked by peasant.But in the market hot-blast stove is largely electric heating, the air of electric energy auxiliary can generate heat.Using into This height, and part rural area is all without industrial three electricity consumptions of arrangement.
The content of the invention:
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are to overcome existing technological deficiency, there is provided a kind of biologic grain hot blast Stove, hot blast is produced with burn wood, stalk, stalk particle burning, it is only necessary to 220V control power supply.
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are realized using following technical scheme:
A kind of biological particle hot air furnace, it is characterised in that:Including framework, outer shrouding, combustion chamber, heat exchanger, thermosistor, Dust collecting box, wind-guiding case and feed appliance;The outer shrouding is fixedly installed on the surrounding of framework, and described combustion chamber is fixedly installed on frame On the inside of frame, the sidepiece of combustion chamber is provided with fire door and upper feed inlet through outer shrouding, the fixed setting of described heat exchanger Connect with the inside of combustion chamber, be provided with front side of heat exchanger on the inside of framework and positioned at the upside of combustion chamber, heat exchanger Through the air inlet of outer shrouding, described thermosistor is arranged on the upside of heat exchanger and connected with the inside of heat exchanger, institute The dust collecting box stated is fixedly installed on the inside of framework and connected positioned at the downside of combustion chamber, the inside of dust collecting box with combustion chamber, The sidepiece of dust collecting box is respectively arranged with air outlet and shoot door through outer shrouding, and described wind-guiding case fixing seal is arranged on heat Exchanger and the rear side of combustion chamber, formed between wind-guiding case and heat exchanger and combustion chamber with connecting inside heat exchanger and dust collecting box Logical air channel, described feed appliance are arranged at upper feed inlet.
Described combustion chamber is made by metallic plate, pours that fire clay is heat-insulated, and bottom of combustion chamber is provided with grate in combustion chamber.
Web plate is provided with described air inlet.
Described thermosistor turns circle part by side and is attached with heat exchanger.
Described thermosistor is cylindrical shape, is inside provided with one piece of circular turnover panel, and circular turnover panel is provided with axle, and axle can 360 degree of rotations Turn, sprocket wheel is installed on axle, thermosistor is provided with motor, and the axle of motor is provided with sprocket wheel, on the sprocket wheel and turnover panel above motor Sprocket wheel linked by chain.
The upper end of described thermosistor is provided with rainhat.
Described feed appliance includes flood dragon and batch turning bucket, is provided with hopper at the upper feed inlet of described combustion chamber, institute The lower end for the flood dragon stated is located in batch turning bucket and the other end is located at the upside of hopper.
Described some heat-exchange tubes of heat exchanger enclosed mass, heat-exchange tube have heat exchanger plate, heat-exchange tube both ends up and down Welded after being each passed through heat exchanger plate up and down, heat-exchange tube bottom pours more than 2 centimeters refractory materials, heat-exchange tube and heat exchange The metal material of plate docks after being covered entirely by refractory material with combustion chamber.
Heat exchanger is located at directly over combustion chamber, and for the heat-exchange tube in heat exchanger with being connected in combustion chamber, stalk etc. is raw Hot-fluid vertical ascent after substance combustion is entered in heat exchanger, and heat-exchange tube is heated.
Self-operated thermostatic controller when output temperature is less than setting value, open by automatic temperature-regulator, flue gas discharge, combustion chamber internal combustion Material burning is vigorous, and when output temperature is higher than setting value, self-operated thermostatic controller is closed gradually, and fuel in combustion chamber is due to oxygen supply deficiency Cause to burn controlled.
Natural wind is entered in heat exchanger by the web plate of biological particle hot air furnace side, through heat exchanger from another Side moves down into combustor tail discharge, hot-blast stove is discharged by blower fan, into drying machine.
The fuel of the present invention has 2 kinds of modes to enter in combustion chamber:
1st, the non-solid fuel such as timber, stalk, put into by the fire door in front of combustion chamber in combustion chamber, the ash after burning The ash that cinder drops to lower section from grate is in-car.
2nd, the formation solid such as stalk, wood chip particle is automatically fed into burning by the hopper on combustion chamber by feed appliance It is indoor
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention is rational in infrastructure, easy to use, is fired with burn wood, stalk, stalk particle Burn and produce hot blast, easy to control, use cost is low.
Brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is main structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is left view structural representation of the present invention.
Wherein, 1, framework;2nd, outer shrouding;3rd, combustion chamber;4th, heat exchanger;5th, thermosistor;6th, dust collecting box;7th, wind-guiding case; 8th, feed appliance;9th, rainhat;3.1st, fire door;3.2nd, hopper;4.1st, web plate;6.1st, air outlet;6.2nd, shoot door;8.1st, flood dragon; 8.2nd, batch turning bucket.
Embodiment:
In order that technological means, creation new feature, reached purpose and effect that the present invention realizes are easy to understand, below With reference to being specifically illustrating, the present invention is expanded on further.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2
A kind of biological particle hot air furnace, including framework 1, outer shrouding 2, combustion chamber 3, heat exchanger 4, thermosistor 5, dust collecting box 6th, wind-guiding case 7 and feed appliance 8;Outer shrouding 2 is fixedly installed on the surrounding of framework 1, and combustion chamber 3 is fixedly installed on the inner side of framework 1, combustion The sidepiece for burning room 3 is provided with the fire door 3.1 and upper feed inlet for passing through outer shrouding 2, and heat exchanger 4 is fixedly installed in framework 1 Side and the upside for being located at combustion chamber 3, heat exchanger 4 connect with the inside of combustion chamber 3, and the front side of heat exchanger 4 is provided with transmission The air inlet of outer shrouding 2, thermosistor 5 are arranged on the upside of heat exchanger 4 and connected with the inside of heat exchanger 4, and dust collecting box 6 is solid Surely it is arranged on the inner side of framework 1 and is connected positioned at the downside of combustion chamber 4, the inside of dust collecting box 6 with the inside of combustion chamber 3, dust collecting box 6 Sidepiece is respectively arranged with air outlet 6.1 and shoot door 6.2 through outer shrouding 2, and the fixing seal of wind-guiding case 7 is arranged on heat exchanger 4 and the rear side of combustion chamber 3, formed between wind-guiding case 7 and heat exchanger 4 and combustion chamber 3 with inside heat exchanger 4 and dust collecting box 6 The air channel of connection, feed appliance 8 are arranged at upper feed inlet.
Combustion chamber 3 is made by metallic plate, pours that fire clay is heat-insulated, and the bottom of combustion chamber 3 is provided with grate in combustion chamber 3.Air intake Web plate 4.1 is provided with mouthful.Thermosistor 5 turns circle part by side and is attached with heat exchanger 4.Thermosistor 5 is cylindrical shape, interior Provided with one piece of circular turnover panel, circular turnover panel is provided with axle, axle can 360 degree of rotations, sprocket wheel is installed on axle, thermosistor is provided with horse Reach, the axle of motor is provided with sprocket wheel, and the sprocket wheel on sprocket wheel and turnover panel above motor is linked by chain.The upper end of thermosistor 5 It is provided with rainhat 9.Feed appliance 8 includes flood dragon 8.1 and batch turning bucket 8.2, and hopper is provided with the upper feed inlet of combustion chamber 3 3.2, the lower end of flood dragon 8.1 is located in batch turning bucket 8.2 and the other end is located at the upside of hopper 3.2.Some of the enclosed mass of heat exchanger 4 Heat-exchange tube, heat-exchange tube have heat exchanger plate, heat-exchange tube both ends to be welded after being each passed through heat exchanger plate up and down up and down, heat exchange Bottom of the tube pours more than 3 centimeters refractory materials, the metal material of heat-exchange tube and heat exchanger plate covered entirely by refractory material after with Dock combustion chamber.
The upper end of heat exchanger 4 is provided with side and turns circle part;The purpose of side turn circle part is in order to which flue gas is collected and top thermosistor.When When output hot blast is higher than setting value, the motor of thermosistor 5 slowly rotates rotates to level by turnover panel, and turnover panel is just by thermosistor 5 Close, when output temperature is less than setting value, motor slowly rotates turnover panel to erectting, and thermosistor 5 is opened.Reach the mesh of temperature adjustment with this 's.Fuel stalk block is put into combustion chamber 3 by fire door 3.1 to burn, and the hot-fluid after burning adds heat-exchange tube, and classical prescription turns circle and collected Discharged from thermosistor.Fuel is entered in flood dragon 8.1 through inlet orifice, and the pan feeding beside the top of combustion chamber 3 is transferred to by flood dragon 8.1 Mouthful, fall into combustion chamber 3 and burn.
The general principle and principal character and advantages of the present invention of the present invention has been shown and described above.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the simply explanation described in above-described embodiment and specification is originally The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and modifications of the present invention are possible, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appended claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (8)

  1. A kind of 1. biological particle hot air furnace, it is characterised in that:Including framework, outer shrouding, combustion chamber, heat exchanger, thermosistor, collection Ash bin, wind-guiding case and feed appliance;The outer shrouding is fixedly installed on the surrounding of framework, and described combustion chamber is fixedly installed on framework Inner side, the sidepiece of combustion chamber are provided with fire door and upper feed inlet through outer shrouding, and described heat exchanger is fixedly installed on Connect with the inside of combustion chamber, be provided with front side of heat exchanger on the inside of framework and positioned at the upside of combustion chamber, heat exchanger The air inlet of outer shrouding is crossed, described thermosistor is arranged on the upside of heat exchanger and connected with the inside of heat exchanger, described Dust collecting box be fixedly installed on the inside of framework and connected positioned at the downside of combustion chamber, the inside of dust collecting box with combustion chamber, collection The sidepiece of ash bin is respectively arranged with air outlet and shoot door through outer shrouding, and described wind-guiding case fixing seal is arranged on hot friendship Parallel operation and the rear side of combustion chamber, wind-guiding case connect with being formed between heat exchanger and combustion chamber with inside heat exchanger and dust collecting box Air channel, described feed appliance is arranged at upper feed inlet.
  2. 2. biological particle hot air furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described combustion chamber is made by metallic plate, It is heat-insulated that fire clay is poured in combustion chamber, bottom of combustion chamber is provided with grate.
  3. 3. biological particle hot air furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Web plate is provided with described air inlet.
  4. 4. biological particle hot air furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described thermosistor by side turn circle part with Heat exchanger is attached.
  5. 5. biological particle hot air furnace according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Described thermosistor is cylindrical shape, is inside set Have one piece of circular turnover panel, circular turnover panel is provided with axle, axle can 360 degree of rotations, sprocket wheel is installed on axle, thermosistor is provided with horse Reach, the axle of motor is provided with sprocket wheel, and the sprocket wheel on sprocket wheel and turnover panel above motor is linked by chain.
  6. 6. the biological particle hot air furnace according to claim 4 or 5, it is characterised in that:The upper end of described thermosistor is set There is rainhat.
  7. 7. biological particle hot air furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described feed appliance includes flood dragon and batch turning Struggle against, hopper is provided with the upper feed inlet of described combustion chamber, the lower end of described flood dragon is located in batch turning bucket and the other end Positioned at the upside of hopper.
  8. 8. biological particle hot air furnace according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Described some heat of heat exchanger enclosed mass Pipe is exchanged, heat-exchange tube has heat exchanger plate, heat-exchange tube both ends to be welded after being each passed through heat exchanger plate up and down up and down, heat exchange Bottom of the tube pours more than 2 centimeters refractory materials, the metal material of heat-exchange tube and heat exchanger plate covered entirely by refractory material after with Dock combustion chamber.
CN201720357417.2U 2017-04-06 2017-04-06 biological particle hot air furnace Active CN206803480U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720357417.2U CN206803480U (en) 2017-04-06 2017-04-06 biological particle hot air furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720357417.2U CN206803480U (en) 2017-04-06 2017-04-06 biological particle hot air furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206803480U true CN206803480U (en) 2017-12-26

Family

ID=60731777

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201720357417.2U Active CN206803480U (en) 2017-04-06 2017-04-06 biological particle hot air furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206803480U (en)

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