CN206772234U - A kind of EMUs coupler motion scope and coupler force integrated measurer - Google Patents

A kind of EMUs coupler motion scope and coupler force integrated measurer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206772234U
CN206772234U CN201720421506.9U CN201720421506U CN206772234U CN 206772234 U CN206772234 U CN 206772234U CN 201720421506 U CN201720421506 U CN 201720421506U CN 206772234 U CN206772234 U CN 206772234U
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China
Prior art keywords
coupler
hitch
residual stresses
force
motion
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CN201720421506.9U
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Chinese (zh)
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陈熔
邵宁华
苏建
牛治慧
潘月
隋艳霞
韩闯
庄娇娇
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Jilin University
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Jilin University
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Abstract

It the utility model is related to a kind of EMUs coupler motion scope and coupler force integrated measurer.Mainly it is made up of left and right side measurement apparatus (1,3) and left and right side motion platform (2,4), left and right side measurement apparatus (1,3) is made up of coupler motion range measuring device (11) and triaxial residual stresses assembly (12) respectively, and left and right side measurement apparatus (1,3) is separately mounted to left and right side motion platform (2,4) top;Triaxial residual stresses assembly (12) is arranged on hitch counter-force sensor support column (9), single-ended hitch (10) passes through coupler motion range measuring device (11), is fixedly mounted on triaxial residual stresses assembly (12);Hitch counter-force sensor support column (9) is mounted by means of bolts in cast iron split T-slot base platform 5.Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to overcome the problem of EMUs can not detect coupler motion scope and coupler force relevant parameter in actual motion.

Description

A kind of EMUs coupler motion scope and coupler force integrated measurer
Technical field
A kind of EMUs hitch relevant parameter measurement apparatus is the utility model is related to, in particular, the utility model relates to And a kind of EMUs coupler motion scope and coupler force integrated measurer.
Background technology
With the arrival in high ferro epoch, train speed per hour is constantly lifted, and the design to train part proposes higher requirement.Car Hook buffer unit is to be used to make vehicle and vehicle, and locomotive or motor-car mutually interconnect extension, transmit tractive force, brake force and relax longitudinal punching Hit the vehicle part of power.It buffer, couple yoke, is formed a whole from plate etc. by hitch, is installed on leading for underbody framework end Draw in beam.In order to ensure that coupling of vehicles is safe and reliable and the interchangeability of coupler and draft gear installation, China railways rolling stock have Close code regulation:After coupler draft gear entrucking, the height of the horizontal centre line-spacing rail surface of its coupler knuckle for car coupler under complete vehicle curb condition, Car is 880mm, and lorry is 880mm (± 10mm).According to investigation, upwarped there is presently no accurate measurement, sagging measuring instrument, Whether meet requirements above for detection completion rear vehicle, in actual EMUs design and detect, urgent need wants a kind of coupler motion Range measuring device.
Meanwhile coupler force is also an important indicator of Car design.When driving, hitch is to transmit to move to EMUs One of most important part of power, there is the motor-car failure of many all related to hitch stress.China's EMUs operating mode is complicated, to car The measurement of hook power has very important Research Significance with research.Research for vehicle overall performance or for studying hitch The performance of itself, the measurement of coupler force is the first step, and the research of next step could be carried out by only having grasped solid data Work.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to overcome EMUs to detect hitch fortune in actual motion The problem of dynamic scope and coupler force relevant parameter, there is provided a kind of EMUs coupler motion scope and coupler force integrated measuring dress Put.
To solve the problems, such as that above-mentioned measurement of technical parameter runs into actual motion, the utility model is to use following technology What scheme was realized, it is described with reference to the drawings as follows:
A kind of EMUs coupler motion scope and hitch force measuring device, mainly by left and right side measurement apparatus 1,3 and a left side, Right side motion platform 2,4 forms, and the left and right side motion platform 2,4 is by horizontal actuator 6, longitudinal actuator 7 and vertical start Device 8 is driven, and simulates the operating mode in motor-car running, and the left and right side measurement apparatus 1,3 is measured by coupler motion scope respectively Device 11 and triaxial residual stresses assembly 12 are formed, and it is flat that the left and right side measurement apparatus 1,3 is separately mounted to left and right side motion Platform 2,4 tops;
The triaxial residual stresses assembly 12 is arranged on hitch counter-force sensor support column 9, and single-ended hitch 10 passes through Coupler motion range measuring device 11, it is fixedly mounted on triaxial residual stresses assembly 12;
The hitch counter-force sensor support column 9 is mounted by means of bolts on cast iron split T-slot base platform 5 On.
The triaxial residual stresses assembly 12 is by triaxial residual stresses upper plate 14, triaxial residual stresses bottom plate 15, three-dimensional survey The double bolt clip plates 18 of power platform terminal box 16, three-dimensional force sensor assembly 17 and upper mounting plate form, the three-dimensional force sensor Assembly 17 is bolted on triaxial residual stresses bottom plate 15, and the triaxial residual stresses upper plate 14 is put down with three-dimensional strength measurement Platform bottom plate 15 is bolted, and the triaxial residual stresses terminal box 16 is fixed on triaxial residual stresses by bolt On plate 14, the triaxial residual stresses assembly 12 is fixed on described hitch counter-force sensor by the double bolt clip plates 18 of upper mounting plate On support post 9.
The coupler motion range measuring device 11 is mainly by coupler motion range detection sensor vertical columns 20, hitch Range of movement detection sensor fixed plate 21 and laser displacement sensor 23 form, and the laser displacement sensor 23 passes through hitch Range of movement detection sensor L-type geometrical clamp 19, which is uniformly distributed, to be fixed in coupler motion range sensor fixed plate 21, described Coupler motion range detection sensor fixation plate 21 is fixed middle floor 22 by coupler motion range detection sensor and clamped, simultaneously Coupler motion range detection sensor vertical columns 20 are fixed on by coupler motion range detection sensor fixation plate press strip 25 On, the coupler motion range detection sensor vertical columns 20 are fixed on cast iron T-slot base platform 5 by T-bolt 24 On.
The single-ended hitch 10 is connected with each other by hitch attachment means 26, and assembles device 27 and pinboard by hitch 13 connections.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are compared with prior art:
1st, EMUs coupler motion scope described in the utility model and coupler force integrated measurer are to be used to measure Vehicle end relation, and the measurement of vehicle end relation is developed on the basis of existing parameter experiment platform, so this practicality is new EMUs coupler motion scope and hitch force measuring device described in type can not only use existing parameter experiment platform exciting basis The motion conditions of simulation motor-car hitch between motor-car under actual operating mode completely, and it is fixed reasonable;
2nd, EMUs coupler motion scope described in the utility model and coupler force integrated measurer utilize laser position Displacement sensor and stay wire displacement sensor, it can fast and accurately measure the range of movement and stroke of EMUs hitch.
3rd, EMUs coupler motion scope described in the utility model and coupler force integrated measurer be not merely with three Dimension force plate/platform can accurately and rapidly measure hitch in the power suffered by motion process, and by with laser displacement sensor, The displacement or the angle of rotation that stay wire displacement sensor is surveyed, each stiffness parameters of tested EMUs hitch can be conversed.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of EMUs coupler motion scope of the utility model and the structure composition of coupler force integrated measurer Axonometric projection graph (one).
Fig. 1 (a) is a kind of EMUs coupler motion scope of the utility model and the structure of coupler force integrated measurer The axonometric projection graph (two) of composition.
Fig. 2 is a kind of EMUs coupler motion scope of the utility model and the left side parameter of coupler force integrated measurer The axonometric projection graph of platform.
Fig. 3 is that a kind of EMUs coupler motion scope of the utility model and coupler force integrated measurer hitch counter-force pass The axonometric projection graph of assembly relation between sensor support post and triaxial residual stresses.
Fig. 4 is that a kind of EMUs coupler motion scope of the utility model and coupler force integrated measurer hitch counter-force pass The axonometric projection graph of sensor support post.
Fig. 5 is the three-dimensional strength measurement of a kind of EMUs coupler motion scope of the utility model and coupler force integrated measurer The axonometric projection graph of platform.
Fig. 6 is the coupler motion of a kind of EMUs coupler motion scope of the utility model and coupler force integrated measurer The axonometric projection graph of range detection sensor assembly.
Fig. 7 is a kind of EMUs coupler motion scope of the utility model and the ultrasonic wave biography of coupler force integrated measurer Sensor fixes the axonometric projection graph of L-shaped folder.
Fig. 8 is the hitch bearing pin of a kind of EMUs coupler motion scope of the utility model and coupler force integrated measurer The axonometric projection graph of bearing pinboard.
Fig. 9 is the Semi-automatic vehicle of a kind of EMUs coupler motion scope of the utility model and coupler force integrated measurer The axonometric projection graph of hook assembly.
In figure:1. left side measurement apparatus, 2. left side motion platforms, 3. right side measurement apparatus, 4. right side motion platforms, 5. castings Iron split T-slot base platform, 6. horizontal 7. longitudinal actuator of actuator, 8. vertical actuator, 9. hitch counter-force sensor branch Dagger, 10. single-ended hitches, 11. coupler motion range detection means, 12. triaxial residual stresses assemblies, 13. pinboards, 14. 3 Tie up force plate/platform upper plate, 15. triaxial residual stresses bottom plates, 16. triaxial residual stresses terminal boxes, the assembling of 17. three-dimensional force sensors Body, the double bolt clip plates of 18. upper mounting plates, 19. hitches laser displacement sensor L-type geometrical clamp, 20. coupler motion range detections pass Sensor vertical columns, 21. coupler motion range detection sensor fixation plates, during 22. coupler motion range detection sensors are fixed Between floor, 23. laser displacement sensors, 24.T type bolts, 25. coupler motion range sensor fixed plate press strips, 26. hitches connect Connection device, 27. hitches assembling device, 28. stay wire displacement sensors.
Embodiment
The utility model content and embodiment are explained in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Refering to Fig. 1 to Fig. 2, EMUs coupler motion scope and hitch force measuring device include left side measurement apparatus and right side Measurement apparatus and left side motion platform 2, right side motion platform 4.
Left side measurement apparatus 1 is arranged on the top of left side motion platform 2 by bolt, and left side measurement apparatus and left side motion are flat EMUs coupler motion scope and hitch force measuring device left side structure are formed after the installation of platform 2.Right side measurement apparatus 3 passes through Bolt is arranged on the top of right side motion platform 4, and EMUs are formed after right side measurement apparatus 3 and the installation of right side motion platform 4 Coupler motion scope and hitch force measuring device right side structure.Tied on the left of EMUs coupler motion scope and hitch force measuring device Structure is identical with the structure of right side structure and is symmetrically installed.
Refering to Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, left side measurement apparatus includes cast iron split T-slot base platform 5, hitch counter-force sensor branch Support column 9, triaxial residual stresses assembly 12, coupler motion range measuring device 11.
Hitch counter-force sensor support column 9 and coupler motion range measuring device 11 by installing side by side before and after type bolt In cast iron split T-slot base platform 5, and it can be raised according to the needs of experiment in cast iron split T-slot base platform 5 Whole position.
Described cast iron split T-slot base platform 5 is cast iron surface plate structural member, cast iron split T-slot base platform 5 Some type grooves being parallel to each other are distributed with along long side in upper surface, make a multiduty mounting platform, cast iron split T Basis of the type groove base platform 5 as left side measurement apparatus 1, other all parts of left side measurement apparatus 1 all pass through type bolt The upper surface of cast iron split T-slot base platform 5 is fixed on type groove, and can be adjusted according to the needs of experiment mutual Position.Cast iron split T-slot base platform 5 can bear the various poses conversion that left side motion platform 2 is provided, and be left side Measurement apparatus 1 provides firm basic platform.
Refering to Fig. 3 to Fig. 4, hitch counter-force sensor support column 9 is casing class weldment, is by top plate, bottom plate, transversal The case body structural member that face is welded for block riser, block riser is vertical to be welded between top plate and bottom plate, car The front side of hook counter-force sensor support column 9 is T-slot, for mounting plate assembly, and can need to adjust according to experiment The vertical height position of the installation of solidating fixed board assembly, while have rectangular window in the both sides of hitch counter-force sensor support column 9 Mouthful, pass through for suspender belt, used in lifting.A rectangular through-hole is machined among base, on the uniform front and rear both sides in four sides of bottom plate Tapped through hole is distributed, is fixed on by base position through hole, bolt in cast iron T-slot base platform 5.
Wherein, hitch counter-force sensor support column 9, which is symmetrically installed, is fixed in cast iron T-slot base platform 5.Meanwhile Can be according to experiment demand, 9 position in cast iron T-slot base platform 5 of regulation hitch counter-force sensor support column.
Refering to Fig. 3, Fig. 5, triaxial residual stresses assembly 12 includes triaxial residual stresses upper plate 14, triaxial residual stresses bottom plate 15th, the double bolt clip plates 18 of triaxial residual stresses terminal box 16, three-dimensional force sensor assembly 17, upper mounting plate.Three-dimensional force sensor Assembly 17 is bolted in triaxial residual stresses bottom plate 15, and 4 are wherein symmetrically installed on triaxial residual stresses bottom plate 15 Three-dimensional force sensor assembly 17, three-dimensional force when three-dimensional force sensor measures coupler motion suffered by hitch.Triaxial residual stresses Upper plate 14 is bolted with triaxial residual stresses bottom plate 15, and triaxial residual stresses terminal box 16 is fixed on by bolt Triaxial residual stresses upper plate 14, it is anti-that triaxial residual stresses assembly 12 by the double bolt clip plates 18 of upper mounting plate is fixed on described hitch On force snesor support post 9, meanwhile, it can be sensed according to experiment demand adjustment triaxial residual stresses assembly 12 in hitch counter-force Position on device support post 9.
Refering to Fig. 3, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, coupler motion range measuring device 11 is fixed including coupler motion range detection sensor Column 20, coupler motion range detection sensor fixation plate press strip 25, coupler motion range detection sensor fixation plate 21, hitch Range of movement detection sensor is fixed middle floor 22, coupler motion range detection laser displacement sensor L-type geometrical clamp 19, swashed Optical displacement sensor 23.
Coupler motion range detection sensor fixation plate 21 is made up of two semicircles, meanwhile, the inspection of coupler motion scope Survey on sensor fixation plate and be uniform-distribution with through hole for fixed coupler motion range detection laser displacement sensor L-type geometrical clamp 19 Use.Coupler motion range detection sensor vertical columns are fixed in cast iron T-slot base platform 5 by T-bolt 24.Car Hook range of movement detection sensor fixes middle floor 22 and passes through coupler motion range detection sensor fixation plate press strip 25 and car Hook range of movement detection sensor vertical columns 20 connect, and coupler motion range detection sensor fixation plate 21 is installed in hitch fortune Dynamic range detection sensor is fixed on middle floor 22.Laser displacement sensor 23 passes through coupler motion range detection sensor L Type geometrical clamp 19 is connected with coupler motion range sensor fixed plate 21.
8 laser displacements by laser displacement sensor by coupler motion range detection sensor L-type geometrical clamp 19 The sensor of sensor 23 is evenly distributed on coupler motion range detection sensor fixation plate 21, and the accurate hitch that measures is vertical Moving displacement in the plane of cast iron T-slot base platform 5.
Refering to Fig. 3, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, the flexible measuring device of single-ended hitch 10 and hitch includes hitch attachment means 26, hitch Assemble device 27, stay wire displacement sensor 28.Single-ended hitch 10 is connected with each other by hitch attachment means 26, and single-ended hitch 10 is logical Hitch assembling device 27 is crossed to be connected with pinboard 13.Single-ended hitch 10 passes through coupler motion range measuring device 11, bracing wire displacement Sensor 28 is fixed on pinboard 13, the accurate stroke for measuring hitch during work(is transported.
EMUs coupler motion scope and hitch force measuring device operation principle
It will survey first after track irregularity data handle filtering by analysis and be converted into the experiment spectrum for driving parameter platform, It is true to simulate tested EMUs hitch using these information as its control instruction for driving left side motion platform 2 and right side motion platform 4 The working condition of reality condition, working characteristics of the in-circuit emulation unit under test under the conditions of train operation.During experiment, moved in left side Platform 2 and right side motion platform 4, simulate the operating mode in motor-car running, left side measurement apparatus 1 and right side measurement apparatus 3 Corresponding site on laser displacement sensor 23, stay wire displacement sensor 28 and the tested EMUs hitch of the collection of three-dimensional force sensor 17 Power and displacement information, the rigidity of tested EMUs hitch, damping, dynamic stiffness, dynamic damping are finally calculated by special-purpose software analysis Etc. parameter and output file.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of EMUs coupler motion scope and coupler force integrated measurer, mainly by left and right side measurement apparatus (1,3) Formed with left and right side motion platform (2,4), the left and right side motion platform (2,4) is by horizontal actuator (6), longitudinal actuator (7) driven with vertical actuator (8), simulate the operating mode in motor-car running, it is characterised in that:
The left and right side measurement apparatus (1,3) is respectively by coupler motion range measuring device (11) and triaxial residual stresses assembly (12) form, the left and right side measurement apparatus (1,3) is separately mounted to left and right side motion platform (2,4) top;
The triaxial residual stresses assembly (12) is arranged on hitch counter-force sensor support post (9), and single-ended hitch (10) passes through Coupler motion range measuring device (11), it is fixedly mounted on triaxial residual stresses assembly (12);
The hitch counter-force sensor support post (9) is mounted by means of bolts in cast iron split T-slot base platform 5.
2. a kind of EMUs coupler motion scope as claimed in claim 1 and coupler force integrated measurer, its feature exist In:
The triaxial residual stresses assembly (12) is by triaxial residual stresses upper plate (14), triaxial residual stresses bottom plate (15), three-dimensional Double bolt clip plate (18) compositions of force plate/platform terminal box (16), three-dimensional force sensor assembly (17) and upper mounting plate, the three-dimensional Force snesor assembly (17) is bolted on triaxial residual stresses bottom plate (15), the triaxial residual stresses upper plate (14) it is bolted with triaxial residual stresses bottom plate (15), the triaxial residual stresses terminal box (16) is installed by bolt It is fixed on triaxial residual stresses upper plate (14), the triaxial residual stresses assembly (12) passes through the double bolt clip plates (18) of upper mounting plate It is fixed on described hitch counter-force sensor support post (9).
3. a kind of EMUs coupler motion scope as claimed in claim 1 or 2 and coupler force integrated measurer, its feature It is:
The coupler motion range measuring device (11) is mainly by coupler motion range detection sensor vertical columns (20), hitch Range of movement detection sensor fixed plate (21) and laser displacement sensor (23) composition, the laser displacement sensor (23) are logical Cross coupler motion range detection sensor L-type geometrical clamp (19) and be uniformly distributed and be fixed on coupler motion range sensor fixed plate (21) on, the coupler motion range detection sensor fixation plate (21) is fixed middle by coupler motion range detection sensor Floor (22) clamps and is fixed on coupler motion range detection by coupler motion range detection sensor fixation plate press strip (25) On sensor vertical columns (20), the coupler motion range detection sensor vertical columns (20) are solid by T-bolt (24) It is scheduled in cast iron T-slot base platform (5).
4. a kind of EMUs coupler motion scope as claimed in claim 1 and coupler force integrated measurer, its feature exist In:
The single-ended hitch (10) is connected with each other by hitch attachment means (26), and assembles device (27) and switching by hitch Plate (13) connects.
CN201720421506.9U 2017-04-21 2017-04-21 A kind of EMUs coupler motion scope and coupler force integrated measurer Active CN206772234U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720421506.9U CN206772234U (en) 2017-04-21 2017-04-21 A kind of EMUs coupler motion scope and coupler force integrated measurer

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