CN206770089U - A kind of hydraulic turbine that can adjust generating efficiency - Google Patents

A kind of hydraulic turbine that can adjust generating efficiency Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206770089U
CN206770089U CN201720435137.9U CN201720435137U CN206770089U CN 206770089 U CN206770089 U CN 206770089U CN 201720435137 U CN201720435137 U CN 201720435137U CN 206770089 U CN206770089 U CN 206770089U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
support
gear
rotating shaft
ring
support ring
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201720435137.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴飞
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Quzhou University
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Quzhou University
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Priority to CN201720435137.9U priority Critical patent/CN206770089U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy

Abstract

It the utility model is related to a kind of hydraulic turbine that can adjust generating efficiency, including spiral case of intaking, casing, support adjustment mechanism and generating mechanism, support adjustment mechanism includes support component and adjusting part, support component includes the first support ring, the second support ring and the support unit of several first support rings of connection and the second support ring, support unit includes first rotating shaft and deflector, adjusting part includes first gear, transmission ring and driver element, and driver element includes motor, reductor, the second rotating shaft and second gear.This can be adjusted in the hydraulic turbine of generating efficiency, and support adjustment mechanism can not only play a supporting role to water inlet spiral case, moreover it is possible to which control flows to the angle and flow of the water of runner from spiral case, so as to realize the accurate control for hydraulic turbine generating efficiency.

Description

A kind of hydraulic turbine that can adjust generating efficiency
Technical field
Hydraulic turbine field is the utility model is related to, more particularly to a kind of hydraulic turbine that can adjust generating efficiency.
Background technology
Spiral case is the principal mode of reaction turbine flume, and runner week can be evenly distributed to by the current of spiral case Enclose, axisymmetrically into the hydraulic turbine.The turbine-generator units in slightly larger power station are using vertical shaft arrangement (the horizontal peace of spiral case Dress), spiral case will bear the pressure of concrete, and the hydraulic turbine is installed in the middle part of spiral case, and top will install hydrogenerator, small unit Hundreds of tons, large-sized unit thousands of tons of, therefore have to add seat ring in spiral case, spiral case bears these pressure by seat ring.It is existing Seat ring be usually by upper support ring, lower support ring and connection the support columns of two support rings forms up and down, and pillar is typically done Filled into blade, be fixed setting yet with pillar to play guide effect to current, therefore angle can not be adjusted, And the angle of pillar has directly influenced the promotion effect for runner in fact, that is, generating efficiency is directly influenced.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is:For overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided one kind can be adjusted The hydraulic turbine of generating efficiency.
Technical scheme is used by the utility model solves the problems, such as:A kind of hydraulic turbine that can adjust generating efficiency, bag Include into water spiral case, casing, support adjustment mechanism and generating mechanism;
The side of the water inlet spiral case is provided with water inlet, and the inner edge of the water inlet spiral case is provided with annular breach, the water inlet The bottom of spiral case is provided with out hyponome, it is described go out hyponome connected with annular breach, the support adjustment mechanism lacks positioned at annular Intraoral, positioned at the top of water inlet spiral case, one end of the generating mechanism is located in casing the casing, the generating mechanism it is another One end is stretched into out in hyponome;
The support adjustment mechanism includes support component and adjusting part, and the support component includes the first support ring, the Two support rings and the support unit of several first support rings of connection and the second support ring, first support ring are located at second The surface of pushing out ring, the upper surface of first support ring are provided with the first groove, and the lower surface of second support ring is provided with the Two grooves, the top of the annular breach are located in the first groove, and the bottom of the annular breach is located in the second groove;
The support unit includes first rotating shaft and deflector, and first support ring passes through vertically arranged first rotating shaft It is connected with the second support ring, the first rotating shaft is connected with the first support ring and the second support ring by bearing, and described first The top of rotating shaft passes through the first support ring, and the deflector is set in first rotating shaft, and the deflector is located at the first support ring Between the second support ring;
The adjusting part includes first gear, transmission ring and driver element, and the first gear is set in first rotating shaft On, the first gear is located at the top of the first support ring, and the transmission ring and driver element are arranged at the first support ring Upper surface, the transmission ring are shaped as cylindrical annular, and the transmission ring is coaxially disposed with the first support ring, the transmission ring Inner and outer wall is equipped with the gear teeth, and the first gear is located at the inside of transmission ring, and the first gear engages with transmission ring, institute The outside that driver element is located at transmission ring is stated, the driver element driving transmission ring rotates;
The driver element includes motor, reductor, the second rotating shaft and second gear, and the motor and speed reducer is respectively positioned on In casing, second rotating shaft is vertically arranged, and the second gear is set in the second rotating shaft, the second gear and transmission ring Engagement, the motor via reducer drive the second axis of rotation;
The generating mechanism includes generator, gear-box, the 3rd rotating shaft and runner, and the generator and gear-box are respectively positioned on In casing, one end of the 3rd rotating shaft is connected by gear-box with generator, and the other end of the 3rd rotating shaft stretches into water outlet In funnel, the runner is set in the 3rd rotating shaft, and the runner is located in hyponome.
Preferably, in order to ensure reliability and stability, the driver element has several, and each driver element is being driven The periphery of ring is uniformly distributed.
Preferably, in order to detect the rotating speed of runner in real time, speed probe is provided with the casing.
Preferably, for the rotating speed of control on demand runner, the speed probe electrically connects with motor.
Preferably, in order to ensure solidness, the making material of the water inlet spiral case is stainless steel.
Preferably, in order to improve corrosion resistance, the inner surface of the water inlet spiral case is provided with hot galvanized layer.
Preferably, in order to save material and bear bigger hydraulic pressure, the inner section of the water inlet spiral case is circle.
Preferably, in order to prevent long-term silt from hitting damage deflector, the outside parcel rubber sleeve of the deflector.
Preferably, in order that reductor has self-locking performance, the reductor is worm-gear speed reducer.
Preferably, for accurate controlled motor, the motor is servomotor.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are that the Design of Hydraulic Turbine that this can adjust generating efficiency is ingenious, and feasibility is high, branch Support governor motion can not only play a supporting role to water inlet spiral case, moreover it is possible to which control flows to the angle and stream of the water of runner from spiral case Amount, so as to realize the accurate control for hydraulic turbine generating efficiency.
Brief description of the drawings
The utility model is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of hydraulic turbine that can adjust generating efficiency of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is a kind of top view of the support adjustment mechanism of hydraulic turbine that can adjust generating efficiency of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is the water inlet spiral case and support adjustment mechanism of a kind of hydraulic turbine that can adjust generating efficiency of the present utility model Attachment structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is a kind of structural representation of the support component of hydraulic turbine that can adjust generating efficiency of the present utility model.
In figure:1. spiral case of intaking, 2. casings, 3. water inlets, 4. go out hyponome, 5. first support rings, 6. second support rings, 7. the first groove, 8. first rotating shafts, 9. deflectors, 10. first gears, 11. transmission rings, 12. motors, 13. reductors, 14. Two rotating shafts, 15. second gears, 16. generators, 17. gear-boxes, 18. the 3rd rotating shafts, 19. runners.
Embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail presently in connection with accompanying drawing.These accompanying drawings are simplified schematic diagram, Only illustrate basic structure of the present utility model in a schematic way, therefore it only shows the composition relevant with the utility model.
As Figure 1-4, a kind of hydraulic turbine that can adjust generating efficiency, including water inlet spiral case 1, casing 2, support regulation Mechanism and generating mechanism;
The side of the water inlet spiral case 1 is provided with water inlet 3, and the inner edge for intaking spiral case 1 is provided with annular breach, it is described enter The bottom of water spiral case 1 is provided with out hyponome 4, it is described go out hyponome 4 connected with annular breach, the support adjustment mechanism is located at ring In v notch v, the casing 2 is located in casing 2 positioned at the top of water inlet spiral case 1, one end of the generating mechanism, the generating The other end of mechanism is stretched into out in hyponome 4;
The support adjustment mechanism includes support component and adjusting part, and the support component includes the first support ring 5, the Two support rings 6 and the support unit of several first support rings 5 of connection and the second support ring 6, first support ring 5 is positioned at the The surface of two support rings 6, the upper surface of first support ring 5 are provided with the first groove 7, the lower end of second support ring 6 Face is provided with the second groove, and the top of the annular breach is located in the first groove 7, and the bottom of the annular breach is recessed positioned at second In groove;
The support unit includes first rotating shaft 8 and deflector 9, and first support ring 5 passes through vertically arranged first Rotating shaft 8 is connected with the second support ring 6, and the first rotating shaft 8 is connected with the first support ring 5 and the second support ring 6 by bearing, The top of the first rotating shaft 8 passes through the first support ring 5, and the deflector 9 is set in first rotating shaft 8, the deflector 9 Between the first support ring 5 and the second support ring 6;
The adjusting part includes first gear 10, transmission ring 11 and driver element, and the first gear 10 is set in In one rotating shaft 8, the first gear 10 is located at the top of the first support ring 5, and the transmission ring 11 and driver element are arranged at The upper surface of first support ring 5, the transmission ring 11 are shaped as cylindrical annular, and the transmission ring 11 and the first support ring 5 are same Axle is set, and the inner and outer wall of the transmission ring 11 is equipped with the gear teeth, and the first gear 10 is located at the inside of transmission ring 11, institute State first gear 10 to engage with transmission ring 11, the driver element is located at the outside of transmission ring 11, and the driver element driving passes Rotating ring 11 rotates;
The driver element includes motor 12, reductor 13, the second rotating shaft 14 and second gear 15, the motor 12 and subtracts Fast machine 13 is respectively positioned in casing 2, and second rotating shaft 14 is vertically arranged, and the second gear 15 is set in the second rotating shaft 14, The second gear 15 engages with transmission ring 11, and the motor 12 drives the second rotating shaft 14 to rotate by reductor 13;
The generating mechanism includes generator 16, gear-box 17, the 3rd rotating shaft 18 and runner 19, the generator 16 and tooth Roller box 17 is respectively positioned in casing 2, and one end of the 3rd rotating shaft 18 is connected by gear-box 17 with generator 16, described 3rd turn The other end of axle 18 is stretched into out in hyponome 4, and the runner 19 is set in the 3rd rotating shaft 18, and the runner 19 is located at water outlet leakage In bucket 4.
Preferably, in order to ensure reliability and stability, the driver element has several, and each driver element is being driven The periphery of ring 11 is uniformly distributed.
Preferably, in order to detect the rotating speed of runner 19 in real time, speed probe is provided with the casing 2.
Preferably, for the rotating speed of control on demand runner, the speed probe electrically connects with motor 12.
Preferably, in order to ensure solidness, the making material of the water inlet spiral case 1 is stainless steel.
Preferably, in order to improve corrosion resistance, the inner surface of the water inlet spiral case 1 is provided with hot galvanized layer.
Preferably, in order to save material and bear bigger hydraulic pressure, the inner section of the water inlet spiral case 1 is circle.
Preferably, in order to prevent long-term silt from hitting damage deflector 9, the outside of the deflector 9 is enclosed with rubber Set.
Preferably, in order that reductor 13 has self-locking performance, the reductor 13 is worm-gear speed reducer.
Preferably, for accurate controlled motor, the motor 12 is servomotor.
The operation principle that the hydraulic turbine of generating efficiency can be adjusted is:The water inlet 3 of water from water inlet spiral case 1 enters spiral case Afterwards, the annular breach through the inner edge of spiral case 1 of intaking is flowed into out in hyponome 4, hits the runner 19 in influent hopper 4, and make its turn It is dynamic, generated electricity so as to realize.By in the support adjustment mechanism being arranged in annular breach when water flows through annular breach The guide effect of deflector 9.By controlling the angle of deflector 9 to realize water-carrying capacity and current in the control unit interval For the target efficiency of runner 19, so as to control generating efficiency.The operation principle of support adjustment mechanism is:Motor 12 passes through deceleration The drive shaft 14 of machine 13 rotates, so as to drive second gear 15 to rotate, because second gear 15 engages with transmission ring 11, so band Dynamic transmission ring 11 rotates, and because transmission ring 11 engages with first gear 10, therefore drive first gear 10 rotates, due to the first tooth Wheel 10 is set in first rotating shaft 8, therefore drives first rotating shaft 8 to rotate, because deflector 9 is set in first rotating shaft 8, therefore Deflector 9 is driven to rotate, so as to realize the angle of regulation deflector 9.
Compared with prior art, this can adjust generating efficiency Design of Hydraulic Turbine it is ingenious, feasibility is high, supports regulation machine Structure can not only play a supporting role to water inlet spiral case 1, moreover it is possible to control the angle and stream for the water that runner 19 is flowed to from water inlet spiral case 1 Amount, so as to realize the accurate control for hydraulic turbine generating efficiency.
Using it is above-mentioned according to desirable embodiment of the present utility model as enlightenment, pass through above-mentioned description, related work people Member can carry out various changes and amendments in the range of without departing from this item utility model technological thought completely.This item is real The content being not limited to new technical scope on specification, it is necessary to which its technology is determined according to right Property scope.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of hydraulic turbine that can adjust generating efficiency, it is characterised in that including water inlet spiral case (1), casing (2), support are adjusted Save mechanism and generating mechanism;
The side of the water inlet spiral case (1) is provided with water inlet (3), and the inner edge of the water inlet spiral case (1) is provided with annular breach, described The bottom of water inlet spiral case (1) is provided with out hyponome (4), it is described go out hyponome (4) connected with annular breach, it is described to support regulation machine Structure is located in annular breach, and for the casing (2) positioned at the top of water inlet spiral case (1), one end of the generating mechanism is located at casing (2) in, the other end of the generating mechanism is stretched into out in hyponome (4);
The support adjustment mechanism includes support component and adjusting part, and the support component includes the first support ring (5), second Support ring (6) and the support unit of several first support rings of connection (5) and the second support ring (6), first support ring (5) Positioned at the surface of the second support ring (6), the upper surface of first support ring (5) is provided with the first groove (7), described second The lower surface of pushing out ring (6) is provided with the second groove, and the top of the annular breach is located in the first groove (7), the annular breach Bottom be located in the second groove;
The support unit includes first rotating shaft (8) and deflector (9), and first support ring (5) passes through vertically arranged One rotating shaft (8) is connected with the second support ring (6), and the first rotating shaft (8) and the first support ring (5) and the second support ring (6) are equal Connected by bearing, the top of the first rotating shaft (8) passes through the first support ring (5), and the deflector (9) is set in first turn On axle (8), the deflector (9) is between the first support ring (5) and the second support ring (6);
The adjusting part includes first gear (10), transmission ring (11) and driver element, and the first gear (10) is set in In first rotating shaft (8), the first gear (10) is located at the top of the first support ring (5), and the transmission ring (11) and driving are single Member is arranged at the upper surface of the first support ring (5), and the transmission ring (11) is shaped as cylindrical annular, the transmission ring (11) It is coaxially disposed with the first support ring (5), the inner and outer wall of the transmission ring (11) is equipped with the gear teeth, the first gear (10) Positioned at the inside of transmission ring (11), the first gear (10) is engaged with transmission ring (11), and the driver element is located at transmission ring (11) outside, the driver element driving transmission ring (11) rotate;
The driver element includes motor (12), reductor (13), the second rotating shaft (14) and second gear (15), the motor (12) it is respectively positioned on reductor (13) in casing (2), second rotating shaft (14) is vertically arranged, and the second gear (15) is arranged In the second rotating shaft (14), the second gear (15) is engaged with transmission ring (11), and the motor (12) passes through reductor (13) The second rotating shaft (14) is driven to rotate;
The generating mechanism includes generator (16), gear-box (17), the 3rd rotating shaft (18) and runner (19), the generator (16) it is respectively positioned on gear-box (17) in casing (2), one end of the 3rd rotating shaft (18) passes through gear-box (17) and generator (16) connect, the other end of the 3rd rotating shaft (18) is stretched into out in hyponome (4), and the runner (19) is set in the 3rd rotating shaft (18) on, the runner (19) is located in hyponome (4).
2. the hydraulic turbine of generating efficiency can be adjusted as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the driver element has some Individual, each driver element is uniformly distributed in the periphery of transmission ring (11).
3. the hydraulic turbine of generating efficiency can be adjusted as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that be provided with the casing (2) Speed probe.
4. the hydraulic turbine of generating efficiency can be adjusted as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the speed probe and electricity Machine (12) electrically connects.
5. the hydraulic turbine of generating efficiency can be adjusted as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the water inlet spiral case (1) Making material is stainless steel.
6. the hydraulic turbine of generating efficiency can be adjusted as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that the water inlet spiral case (1) Inner surface is provided with hot galvanized layer.
7. the hydraulic turbine of generating efficiency can be adjusted as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that the water inlet spiral case (1) Inner section is circle.
8. the hydraulic turbine of generating efficiency can be adjusted as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that outside the deflector (9) Wrap up rubber sleeve in side.
9. the hydraulic turbine of generating efficiency can be adjusted as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the reductor (13) is snail Worm and gear reductor.
10. the hydraulic turbine of generating efficiency can be adjusted as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the motor (12) is to watch Take motor.
CN201720435137.9U 2017-04-24 2017-04-24 A kind of hydraulic turbine that can adjust generating efficiency Expired - Fee Related CN206770089U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720435137.9U CN206770089U (en) 2017-04-24 2017-04-24 A kind of hydraulic turbine that can adjust generating efficiency

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720435137.9U CN206770089U (en) 2017-04-24 2017-04-24 A kind of hydraulic turbine that can adjust generating efficiency

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206770089U true CN206770089U (en) 2017-12-19

Family

ID=60634498

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201720435137.9U Expired - Fee Related CN206770089U (en) 2017-04-24 2017-04-24 A kind of hydraulic turbine that can adjust generating efficiency

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206770089U (en)

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20171219

Termination date: 20180424

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee