CN206751682U - A kind of material stirring loosening apparatus and fermenter - Google Patents

A kind of material stirring loosening apparatus and fermenter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206751682U
CN206751682U CN201720259302.XU CN201720259302U CN206751682U CN 206751682 U CN206751682 U CN 206751682U CN 201720259302 U CN201720259302 U CN 201720259302U CN 206751682 U CN206751682 U CN 206751682U
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China
Prior art keywords
stirring
hurricane band
loosening
stirring vane
axis
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CN201720259302.XU
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Chinese (zh)
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张岩
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Shenzhen smart screen technology Co., Ltd.
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张岩
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of material stirring loosening apparatus and fermenter, belong to organic matter fermentation technical field.The utility model material stirring loosening apparatus includes rotatable axis, being fastened on axis has at least one hurricane band and at least one horizontally disposed stirring vane, the lower section of hurricane band and helix tube is provided with along the helical trajectory of hurricane band, helix tube is provided with several spiral solarization air caps.The utility model material stirring loosening apparatus middle shaft rotation can drive hurricane band and stirring vane synchronous rotary, material can be integrally lifted up by rotating a certain angle for hurricane band, and then realize stirring, being loose for material, stirring vane level is stirred to material, and material knot can be avoided to encircle;The solarization air cap being provided with below hurricane band can fill up the vacuum that hurricane band is formed in whipping process in time with extraneous air, and sufficient oxygen can be provided to organic matter fermentation for existing aerobe fermentation in fact.

Description

A kind of material stirring loosening apparatus and fermenter
Technical field
It the utility model is related to organic matter fermentation technical field, more particularly to a kind of material stirring loosening apparatus and fermentation Bucket.
Background technology
With the development of industrial or agricultural and the raising of human living standard, feces of livestock and poultry, human excrement, rich in organic matter The organic waste rubbish such as house refuse, agricultural crop straw is more and more.Compost treatment turns into the main of processing organic waste One of method, compost are using the microorganism being widely present in nature, and by artificial regulation and control, promotion biological can be dropped Solve the Biochemical processes that organic matter converts to stable humus.The environmental difference grown according to compost microbe, it can incite somebody to action Compost is divided into two kinds of aerobic compost and anaerobic compost.Aerobic compost be will the rotten organic materials of heap with inserts by a certain percentage Mixing, heap is rotten under optimum conditions, makes microbial reproduction and organic matter of degrading, so that organic solid castoff reaches stable Change;Anaerobic compost is that under anaerobic, anaerobe carries out the process of decomposition and inversion to the organic matter in discarded object.Due to Anaerobe is slow to the decomposition rate of organic matter, and treatment effeciency is low, easily produces stench, and process conditions also more difficult control System, therefore utilize less;And the temperature of compost is high in aerobic compost, compost microbe activity is strong, and organic matter decomposition rate is fast, drop Solution is more thorough, and during compost, by the sterilization functions of high temperature, can kill pathogen in organic waste, Parasite, worm's ovum etc., improve the security performance of compost.
In order to ensure that organic matter fermentation has the conditions such as suitable temperature, moisture, oxygen, prior art is typically by organic waste Gurry is positioned in fermenter, controls the parameters index in fermenter so that organic matter realizes aerobic fermentation.In organic matter During carrying out aerobic fermentation, the method for supplying of oxygen is all to be injected extraneous air inside staving using equipment such as blower fans, While oxygen is supplied, air-flow can also take moisture unnecessary in material out of, and then realize the control to material internal moisture System, and the exposure level of fluffy, ventilative the degree direct influence extraneous air and material of material, also just influence to material oxygen supply and The effect of dehydration.For the less organic matter fermentation bucket of volume, agitating device can be used to carry out the material in bucket sufficient Stirring, make material it is loose, produce hole, outside injection air can fully be contacted with material;It is but larger for volume Vertical organic matter fermentation bucket, due to the effect of material self gravitation, the material in bucket can be compacted, although can be filled by stirring Put and material is stirred to realize the loose of material, but need huge energy consumption drive agitating device, and even with Agitating device is stirred, and its loose result is also unsatisfactory.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model, it is to provide a kind of material stirring loosening apparatus and fermenter, It can treat fermentation materials and is sufficiently stirred, be loose.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model provides a kind of material stirring loosening apparatus, it includes revolving The axis turned, being fastened on the axis has at least one hurricane band and at least one horizontally disposed stirring vane, institute State the lower section of hurricane band and be provided with helix tube along the helical trajectory of the hurricane band, the helix tube is provided with several spirals Solarization air cap.
As the further improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal, the section of the hurricane band is in " ∧ " font.
As the further improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal, the helix tube is to be arranged at the integral spiral shell inside the hurricane band Coil.
As the further improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal, the helix tube is the independent spiral shell being fixedly connected with the hurricane band Coil.
As the further improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal, the stirring vane is provided with horizontal tube, and the horizontal tube deviates from institute The side for stating the stirring vane direction of motion is provided with several horizontal aeration holes.
As the further improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal, the horizontal tube is to be arranged at the one inside the stirring vane Horizontal tube.
As the further improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal, the horizontal tube is the independence being fixedly connected with the stirring vane Horizontal tube.
As the further improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal, the axis is hollow gas piping, which is provided with axis exposure Stomata.
As the further improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal, the stirring vane is provided with inclined plane.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model additionally provides a kind of fermenter, it includes staving, in the staving Provided with material stirring loosening apparatus as described above, the staving top is provided with charging aperture and air outlet, bottom are provided with discharging opening And air inlet.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
The utility model material stirring loosening apparatus middle shaft rotation can drive hurricane band and stirring vane synchronous rotary, spiral shell Material can be integrally lifted up by rotating a certain angle for band of rotation, and then realize stirring, being loose for material, stirring vane water It is flat that material is stirred, material knot can be avoided to encircle;The helix tube and spiral solarization air cap being provided with below hurricane band can be used Extraneous air fills up the vacuum that hurricane band is formed in whipping process in time, and sufficient oxygen can be provided to organic matter fermentation Gas is for existing aerobe fermentation in fact.
The staving of the utility model fermenter is provided with charging aperture on its top, bottom is provided with discharging opening, air inlet and air-out Mouthful setting it is then just opposite, it becomes possible to make material movement direction and for aeration air-flow it is in opposite direction.If for locating Manage the high organic matter of nitrogen content such as fecaluria, deflect away from the reaction of material mouth one end caused by slant acidity gas can be inclined with charging aperture one end Neutralization reaction occurs for alkaline gas, realizes the gas of different pH values caused by organic matter fermentation different phase and neutralizes, avoids Pernicious gas is discharged into surrounding environment, the fermentation of organic matter is disclosure satisfy that pollution-free requirement and is reached the standard that can be discharged.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the utility model material stirring loosening apparatus;
Fig. 2 is the sectional view of the utility model material stirring loosening apparatus;
Fig. 3 is the sectional view of the first shape of the stirring vane of the utility model material stirring loosening apparatus;
Fig. 4 is the sectional view of second of shape of stirring vane of the utility model material stirring loosening apparatus;
Fig. 5 is the sectional view of the third shape of the stirring vane of the utility model material stirring loosening apparatus;
Fig. 6 is the overall structure diagram of the utility model fermenter.
Embodiment
Design, concrete structure and caused technique effect of the present utility model are carried out below with reference to embodiment and accompanying drawing Clearly and completely describe, to be completely understood by the purpose of this utility model, feature and effect.Obviously, described embodiment It is part of the embodiment of the present utility model, rather than whole embodiments, based on embodiment of the present utility model, the skill of this area The other embodiment that art personnel are obtained on the premise of not paying creative work, belong to the model of the utility model protection Enclose.In addition, all connection/annexations being related in patent, not singly refer to component and directly connect, and refer to can be according to specific Performance, by adding or reducing couple auxiliary, to form more excellent draw bail.Each technology in the utility model is special Sign, can be with combination of interactions on the premise of not conflicting conflict.
Please with reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the utility model material stirring loosening apparatus includes rotatable axis 11, extremely Few one is fastened in the hurricane band 12 on axis 11 and at least one horizontally disposed stirring vane 13.
Axis 11 is hollow gas piping, which is provided with axis solarization air cap 11a, and pressure-air can pass through axis solarization air cap Among 11a injecting materials.
The lower section of hurricane band 12 and helix tube is provided with along the helical trajectory of hurricane band 12, helix tube is provided with several spiral shells Solarization air cap is revolved, spiral solarization air cap is used to inject a gas into material.Hurricane band 12 during its rotation, especially density, When being rotated in the high material of viscosity, vacuum can be formed thereunder, due to the effect of vacuum, can make the rotation of hurricane band 12 by To great resistance, cause to stir the higher energy consumption of open structure generation, gas is injected into material by spiral solarization air cap immediately Body can fill a vacuum, and can reduce the rotational resistance of hurricane band 12;In addition, the air that spiral solarization air cap injects to material also can Enough organic matter is promoted to carry out aerobic fermentation.
As shown in Fig. 2 in this preferred embodiment, the section of hurricane band 12 is in " ∧ " font, can either so reduce spiral shell Resistance when band 12 rotates is revolved, is also convenient for the sole arrangement helix tube in hurricane band 12.
The setting of the helix tube of the lower section of hurricane band 12 is divided into direct or indirect two ways.
Direct mode refers to that helix tube is directly arranged inside hurricane band 12.Specifically, the inside of hurricane band 12 be provided with The integrated spiral pipe that external air source is connected, spiral solarization air cap are directly arranged at the lower section of hurricane band 12, and spiral solarization air cap with Integrated spiral pipe is connected.
Indirect mode refers to that helix tube is independently connected with hurricane band 12.Specifically, the lower section of hurricane band 12 and along The helical trajectory of hurricane band 12 is provided with independent spiral pipe that is hollow and being connected with external air source, and spiral solarization air cap is located at independent spiral shell On coil.
Stirring vane 13 is provided with horizontal tube, and horizontal tube is provided with several levels away from the side of the direction of motion of stirring vane 13 Solarization air cap, horizontal aeration hole are used to inject a gas into material.Stirring vane 13 during its rotation, especially density, When being rotated in the high material of viscosity, vacuum can be being formed away from the side of the direction of motion of stirring vane 13, due to the work of vacuum With can make the rotation of stirring vane 13 by great resistance, cause to stir open structure producing higher energy consumption, pass through level Solarization air cap injects gas into material immediately to fill a vacuum, and can reduce the rotational resistance of stirring vane 13;It is in addition, horizontal Solarization air cap can also promote organic matter to carry out aerobic fermentation to the air that material injects.
The setting of the horizontal tube of stirring vane 13 can also be divided into direct or indirect two ways.
Direct mode refers to that horizontal tube is directly arranged inside stirring vane 13.Specifically, set inside stirring vane 13 There is the integral horizontal tube being connected with external air source, horizontal aeration hole is directly arranged at stirring vane 13 away from its direction of motion Side, and horizontal aeration hole is connected with the integral horizontal tube.Integral horizontal tube is connected with the gas piping of axis 11, enters And it is connected with external air source.
Indirect mode refers to that horizontal tube is independently connected with stirring vane 13.Specifically, stirring vane 13 is transported away from it The side in dynamic direction is provided with independent horizontal pipe that is hollow and being connected with external air source, and horizontal aeration hole is located at independent horizontal pipe On.Independent horizontal pipe is connected with the gas piping of axis 11, and then is connected with external air source.
Stirring vane 13, which is provided with, to be used to reducing the inclined plane 13a, Fig. 3 of rotational resistance and shows stirring vane 13 to Fig. 5 Three kinds of shapes sectional view, the rotational resistance of stirring vane 13 can not only be reduced using above-mentioned shape, and in paddle Piece 13 can also realize lifting effect when rotating to material.Certainly, the shape of stirring vane 13 is not limited to above-mentioned shape.
In this preferred embodiment, adjacent stirring vane 13 is shifted to install, and more uniformly material integrally can be entered Row stirring.
Fig. 6 shows the concrete structure of the utility model fermenter.
As shown in fig. 6, the utility model fermenter includes staving 21, dredged in staving 21 provided with material stirring as described above Loose device, the top of staving 21 are provided with charging aperture(Do not drawn in figure)Discharging opening is provided with air outlet 21b, bottom(Do not drawn in figure) With air inlet 21a.Because charging aperture, discharging opening need to only ensure one be arranged at top, one be arranged at bottom, therefore in Fig. 6 In do not show that charging aperture and discharging opening, it will be apparent that, charging aperture and discharging opening have no effect on people in the art not shown in Fig. 6 Member realizes the technical scheme according to this specification.Air-blast device 22 is provided with air inlet 21a, being provided with exhausting at air outlet 21b fills The position for putting the air inlet 21a in 23, Fig. 6 and air outlet 21b is only made to illustrate, and those skilled in the art can be according to the actual requirements Flexibly setting air inlet 21a and air outlet 21b position, but the necessary condition for needing to meet is:Material moves integrally direction It is opposite with the direction of motion of aerating gas.
Above is illustrated to preferred embodiment of the present utility model, but the utility model be not limited to it is described Embodiment, those skilled in the art can also make a variety of equivalent changes on the premise of without prejudice to the utility model spirit Shape or replacement, these equivalent deformations or replacement are all contained in the application claim limited range.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. material stirring loosening apparatus, it is characterised in that:Including rotatable axis, being fastened on the axis has At least one hurricane band and at least one horizontally disposed stirring vane, the lower section of the hurricane band and along the hurricane band Helical trajectory be provided with helix tube, the helix tube is provided with several spiral solarization air caps.
  2. 2. material stirring loosening apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The section of the hurricane band is in " ∧ " word Type.
  3. 3. material stirring loosening apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The helix tube is to be arranged at the spiral Integrated spiral pipe with inside.
  4. 4. material stirring loosening apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The helix tube is to consolidate with the hurricane band Surely the independent spiral pipe connected.
  5. 5. the material stirring loosening apparatus as described in any one of Claims 1-4, it is characterised in that:The stirring vane is provided with Horizontal tube, the horizontal tube are provided with several horizontal aeration holes away from the side of the stirring vane direction of motion.
  6. 6. material stirring loosening apparatus as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:The horizontal tube is to be arranged at the stirring The integral horizontal tube of blade interior.
  7. 7. material stirring loosening apparatus as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:The horizontal tube be and the stirring vane The independent horizontal pipe being fixedly connected.
  8. 8. the material stirring loosening apparatus as described in any one of Claims 1-4, it is characterised in that:The axis is hollow Gas piping, it which is provided with axis solarization air cap.
  9. 9. the material stirring loosening apparatus as described in any one of Claims 1-4, it is characterised in that:Set on the stirring vane There is inclined plane.
  10. A kind of 10. fermenter, it is characterised in that:Including staving, it is provided with the staving as described in any one of claim 1 to 9 Material stirring loosening apparatus, the staving top is provided with charging aperture and air outlet, bottom and is provided with discharging opening and air inlet.
CN201720259302.XU 2017-03-16 2017-03-16 A kind of material stirring loosening apparatus and fermenter Active CN206751682U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720259302.XU CN206751682U (en) 2017-03-16 2017-03-16 A kind of material stirring loosening apparatus and fermenter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720259302.XU CN206751682U (en) 2017-03-16 2017-03-16 A kind of material stirring loosening apparatus and fermenter

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206751682U true CN206751682U (en) 2017-12-15

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Family Applications (1)

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108373207A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-08-07 陆林娣 A kind of aerator and its method of sewage disposal system
CN110963656A (en) * 2019-12-19 2020-04-07 韶关市欧姆机电设备有限公司 Sludge fermentation device with helical structure
CN111960875A (en) * 2020-08-07 2020-11-20 华中农业大学 Device and method for preparing earthworm cast fertilizer from slaughter sludge

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108373207A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-08-07 陆林娣 A kind of aerator and its method of sewage disposal system
CN110963656A (en) * 2019-12-19 2020-04-07 韶关市欧姆机电设备有限公司 Sludge fermentation device with helical structure
CN111960875A (en) * 2020-08-07 2020-11-20 华中农业大学 Device and method for preparing earthworm cast fertilizer from slaughter sludge

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Effective date of registration: 20190927

Address after: 518055 Green Industry Pioneer Space on the Second Floor of Silicon Valley University Town Pioneer Park, Taoyuan Street, Nanshan District, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province

Patentee after: Shenzhen smart screen technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 110000, 1-6-3, No. 29, Shun Tong Road, Shenhe District, Liaoning, Shenyang

Patentee before: Zhang Yan