CN206739309U - A kind of half gasification waste incinerator - Google Patents

A kind of half gasification waste incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206739309U
CN206739309U CN201720349099.5U CN201720349099U CN206739309U CN 206739309 U CN206739309 U CN 206739309U CN 201720349099 U CN201720349099 U CN 201720349099U CN 206739309 U CN206739309 U CN 206739309U
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burner hearth
room
vaporizer
waste incinerator
gasification waste
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CN201720349099.5U
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Chinese (zh)
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蔡永辉
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蔡永辉
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of half gasification waste incinerator, vaporizer, burner hearth, feed alley, water cooling wall, combustion chamber, first order subsiding and purifying room, second level electrostatic depuration room, third level filtration, purification room, deslagging device and blowing system;Uniformly it is connected with feed alley in tangential direction outside vaporizer;Vaporizer upper end connects combustion chamber, vaporizer lower end connection burner hearth by pipeline;Burner hearth surrounding has cooling duct encirclement, and there are deslagging device and blowing system, burner hearth bottom water-stop in burner hearth lower end;The air inlet connection burner hearth lower end of air distribution system and combustion chamber;The bottom of incinerator is provided with water seal arrangement.The utility model solves the incomplete problem of waste incineration, and can not have to addition auxiliary fuel can carry out completely burned to rubbish, and ignition temperature is stable more than 800 °, not produce bioxin, without soot emission, the features such as environmental protection.

Description

A kind of half gasification waste incinerator
Technical field
Industry, printing and dyeing, slight dangerization Contaminated Sewage Sludge and technical field of domestic garbage treatment are the utility model is related to, is especially related to A kind of and half gasification waste incinerator.
Background technology
Burning is an important technological means of refuse disposal, and at present, rubbish is to add auxiliary fuel directly burning Main, technology is more mature and stable.Rubbish does not add auxiliary fuel and directly burned mostly, because rubbish water content is high, monomer grain It is big and uneven, using intermittent feeding, 900 degree of furnace temperature Gao Shida, there was only 380 degree or so when low, cause fire box temperature unstable It is fixed, easily cause incineration firing incomplete, generate bioxin, form secondary pollution.
It is new in order to solve industry, printing and dyeing, slight dangerization Contaminated Sewage Sludge and the incomplete problem of consumer waste incineration, this practicality Type carries out innovation for prior art and is improved to continuous a small amount of chargings, realizes industry, printing and dyeing, slight dangerization Contaminated Sewage Sludge and life Rubbish does not have to addition auxiliary fuel completely burned, and fire box temperature is stable more than 800 degree, does not generate bioxin, does not discharge black smoke.
The content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of industry, printing and dyeing, slight dangerization Contaminated Sewage Sludge and consumer waste incineration Incomplete problem, can not have to addition auxiliary fuel can carry out completely burned to rubbish, and ensure that the temperature in burner hearth is steady It is fixed, without soot emission, half gasification waste incinerator of environmental protection.
In order to realize the purpose of above-mentioned utility model, the technical scheme taken is:
The half gasification waste incinerator includes vaporizer, burner hearth, feed alley, water cooling wall, combustion chamber, and the first order is sunk Clean room, second level electrostatic depuration room, third level filtration, purification room, deslagging device and blowing system drop;Cut in vaporizer outer Feed alley is uniformly connected with to direction;Vaporizer upper end connects combustion chamber, vaporizer lower end connection burner hearth by pipeline;Burner hearth Surrounding has water cooling wall encirclement, and there are deslagging device and blowing system in burner hearth lower end;The air inlet of air distribution system connection burner hearth lower end With the air inlet of combustion chamber;The bottom of incinerator is provided with water seal arrangement.
Feed alley one end closing connection hopper, other end incision vaporizer, is communicated, around vaporizer with vaporizer Uniform multiple closing feed alleies.
Further, blowing system is provided with high pressure positive blower, ajutage.
Further, heat-exchanger rig and discharge duct are housed, bottom is provided with air inlet, and air inlet passes through ventilation on combustion chamber Pipeline connects high pressure positive blower, discharge duct connection first order subsiding and purifying room.
Further, first order subsiding and purifying ceiling portion is provided with exhaust outlet, and lower end is provided with ash discharging hole, and exhaust outlet passes through top Discharge duct connection second level electrostatic depuration room.
Further, second level electrostatic depuration ceiling portion is provided with exhaust outlet, and lower end is provided with ash discharging hole, and exhaust outlet passes through top Discharge duct connection third level filtration, purification room.
Further, third level filtration, purification ceiling portion is provided with discharge duct, and lower end is provided with ash discharging hole.
Further, high pressure positive blower connects the air inlet of burner hearth lower end by pipeline.
Further, deslagging device can be set to manually slag tap or mechanical tap in it is any.
Substantive distinguishing features of the present utility model and marked improvement are:
1st, multiple feeding-passages of the present utility model are located at the tangential direction of vaporizer surrounding, can continuous uniform charging, Ensureing that burner hearth stove furnace charge is laid uniformly makes ignition temperature stable more than 800 degree.
2nd, the utility model solves the incomplete problem of burning city domestic garbage, and can not have to addition auxiliary fuel can be right Rubbish carries out completely burned, without soot emission, environmental protection.
3rd, blowing system of the present utility model can cause the air for having abundance in burner hearth so that house refuse burning velocity is more It hurry up, burning is more fully and thorough, can avoid anoxycausis.
The 4th, three-level clean room is set, effectively reduce the microparticle material after burning and be discharged into air.
5th, the utility model sets deslagging device in burner hearth lower end, can timely and effectively will be burned in burner hearth after bulk Breeze blends flake hearth-tapping side by side.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structure schematic diagram of half gasification waste incinerator of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is transverse sectional view at a kind of feeding-passage of half gasification waste incinerator of the utility model.
Component Name in figure:(1)Vaporizer,(2)Burner hearth,(3)Feed alley,(4)Water cooling wall,(5)Combustion chamber,(6) First order subsiding and purifying room,(7)Second level electrostatic depuration room,(8)Deslagging device,(9)Blowing system,(10)High pressure positive blower, (11)Heat-exchanger rig,(12)Hopper,(13)Ajutage,(14)Air inlet, ash discharging hole(15), discharge duct(16)、(17)Water seal Device,(18)Third level filtration, purification room.
Embodiment
Implementation structure of the present utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Referring to shown in Fig. 1, the utility model half incinerator of one kind, referring to shown in figure,
Including vaporizer(1), burner hearth(2), feed alley(3), water cooling wall(4), combustion chamber(5), first order sedimentation is only Change room(6), second level electrostatic depuration room(7), third level filtration, purification room(18), deslagging device(8)And blowing system(9); Vaporizer(1)Feed alley is uniformly connected with tangential direction outside(3);Vaporizer(1)Upper end connects combustion chamber by pipeline (5), vaporizer(1)Lower end connects burner hearth(2);Burner hearth(2)Surrounding has water cooling wall(4)Surround, burner hearth(2)There is dress of slagging tap lower end Put(8)And blowing system(9);Air distribution system connects burner hearth(2)The air inlet of lower end(14)And combustion chamber(5);The bottom of incinerator Portion is provided with water seal arrangement(17).
The feed alley(3)One end connects hopper(12), other end incision vaporizer(1), with vaporizer(1)Communicate, Around the uniform multiple feed alleies of vaporizer(3).
Described blowing system(9)Provided with high pressure positive blower(10), ajutage(13).
Described combustion chamber(5)It is upper that heat-exchanger rig is housed(11)And discharge duct(16), bottom is provided with air inlet, air inlet High pressure positive blower (10), discharge duct connection first order subsiding and purifying room are connected by ventilation shaft(6).
Described first order subsiding and purifying room(6)Top is provided with exhaust outlet, and lower end is provided with ash discharging hole(15), exhaust outlet passes through The discharge duct at top(16)Connect second level electrostatic depuration room(7).
Described second level electrostatic depuration room(7)Top is provided with exhaust outlet, and lower end is provided with ash discharging hole(15), exhaust outlet passes through The discharge duct at top(16)Connect third level filtration, purification room(18).
Described third level filtration, purification room(18)Top is provided with discharge duct(16), lower end is provided with ash discharging hole(15).
Described high pressure positive blower(10)Burner hearth is connected by pipeline(2)The air inlet of lower end(14).
Described deslagging device(8)Can be set to manually slag tap or mechanical tap in it is any.
When lighting a fire for the first time, first in burner hearth(2)Middle addition coal or dried firewood are lighted, high pressure positive blower(10)Work accelerates combustion Burn, subsequent material is slowly from feed alley(3)Add burner hearth.Or else need to add combustion adjuvant after combustion furnace normal work.Burning During, the rubbish just added is in burner hearth(2)Heat drying is inside first subjected to, movement of constantly falling therewith, produces pyrolytic gasification. Air mixture is collected through vaporizer combustion chamber is discharged to by pipeline(5)Burnt, caused heat can pass through heat exchanger(11) Draw for generating electricity, heating.Air mixture is in combustion chamber(5)Fully burning, it is last caused by residual gas enter the by pipeline One-level subsiding and purifying room(6)Purification, first order subsiding and purifying room(6)The gas of discharge is again through second level electrostatic depuration room(7)Only Change, pass through third level filtration, purification room(18)The standard of air can be directly discharged into by reaching afterwards.
Above-described embodiment is intended merely to illustrate the utility model, and is not used as to restriction of the present utility model.As long as According to the technical essence of the utility model, above-described embodiment is changed, modification etc. will all fall in right of the present utility model In the range of it is required that.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of half gasification waste incinerator, including vaporizer(1), burner hearth(2), feed alley(3), water cooling wall(4), burning Room(5), first order subsiding and purifying room(6), second level electrostatic depuration room(7), third level filtration, purification room(18), deslagging device (8)And blowing system(9);Characterized in that, in vaporizer(1)Feed alley is uniformly connected with tangential direction outside(3);Gasification Room(1)Upper end connects combustion chamber by pipeline(5), vaporizer(1)Lower end connects burner hearth(2);Burner hearth(2)Surrounding has water cooling wall (4)Surround, burner hearth(2)There is deslagging device lower end(8)And blowing system(9);Air distribution system connects burner hearth(2)The air inlet of lower end (14)And combustion chamber(5);The bottom of incinerator is provided with water seal arrangement(17).
A kind of 2. half gasification waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The feed alley(3)One end Connect hopper(12), other end incision vaporizer(1), with vaporizer(1)Communicate, around the uniform multiple feed alleies of vaporizer (3).
A kind of 3. half gasification waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described blowing system(9)If There is high pressure positive blower(10), ajutage(13).
A kind of 4. half gasification waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described combustion chamber(5)Upper dress There is heat-exchanger rig(11)And discharge duct(16), bottom is provided with air inlet, and air inlet connects high pressure positive blower by ventilation shaft (10), discharge duct connection first order subsiding and purifying room(6).
A kind of 5. half gasification waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described first order subsiding and purifying Room(6)Top is provided with exhaust outlet, and lower end is provided with ash discharging hole(15), discharge duct that exhaust outlet passes through top(16)Connect the second level Electrostatic depuration room(7).
A kind of 6. half gasification waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described second level electrostatic depuration Room(7)Top is provided with exhaust outlet, and lower end is provided with ash discharging hole(15), discharge duct that exhaust outlet passes through top(16)Connect the third level Filtration, purification room(18).
A kind of 7. half gasification waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described third level filtration, purification Room(18)Top is provided with discharge duct(16), lower end is provided with ash discharging hole(15).
A kind of 8. half gasification waste incinerator according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Described high pressure positive blower(10)It is logical Cross pipeline connection burner hearth(2)The air inlet of lower end(14).
A kind of 9. half gasification waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described deslagging device(8)Can Be set to manually slag tap or mechanical tap in it is any.
CN201720349099.5U 2017-04-05 2017-04-05 A kind of half gasification waste incinerator Active CN206739309U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720349099.5U CN206739309U (en) 2017-04-05 2017-04-05 A kind of half gasification waste incinerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720349099.5U CN206739309U (en) 2017-04-05 2017-04-05 A kind of half gasification waste incinerator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206739309U true CN206739309U (en) 2017-12-12

Family

ID=60558541

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201720349099.5U Active CN206739309U (en) 2017-04-05 2017-04-05 A kind of half gasification waste incinerator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206739309U (en)

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