CN206737892U - A kind of adjustable more well linkage oil-pumps - Google Patents

A kind of adjustable more well linkage oil-pumps Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206737892U
CN206737892U CN201720448011.5U CN201720448011U CN206737892U CN 206737892 U CN206737892 U CN 206737892U CN 201720448011 U CN201720448011 U CN 201720448011U CN 206737892 U CN206737892 U CN 206737892U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
oil
adjustable
line shaft
balance weight
actuating unit
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201720448011.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
尹晓丽
刘衍聪
聂顺
岳吉祥
杨树林
曹惠
崔丹薇
王宝杰
张文科
李德智
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Shengli College China University of Petroleum
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Shengli College China University of Petroleum
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Priority to CN201720448011.5U priority Critical patent/CN206737892U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206737892U publication Critical patent/CN206737892U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

A kind of adjustable more well linkage oil-pumps, belong to technical field of petroleum extraction.Including oil pumper, it is characterised in that:In actuating unit(3)Both sides be evenly equipped with more oil pumpers being set up in parallel, actuating unit respectively(3)Both sides be respectively arranged with line shaft(2), line shaft(2)It is connected with the oil pumper of corresponding side simultaneously and drives the oil pumper of corresponding side to act, is additionally provided with and line shaft(2)The balance weight mechanism of synchronous axial system(12), dismountable balancing weight is provided with balance weight mechanism(16), balance weight mechanism is located at actuating unit(3)More oil pumpers of both sides share a set of weights mechanism respectively(12).In this adjustable more well linkage oil-pump, one kind is provided by setting balance weight mechanism, dismountable balancing weight is provided with balance weight mechanism, so as to which the weight and setting angle of balancing weight are adjusted according to the actual conditions of oil pumper and oil well, inertial load is reduced, improves operating efficiency.

Description

A kind of adjustable more well linkage oil-pumps
Technical field
A kind of adjustable more well linkage oil-pumps, belong to technical field of petroleum extraction.
Background technology
At present, cluster well, encryption well development have become oil field development trend.Cluster well mining well site is equal by rectilinear configuration Even that multiple mining wells are distributed with, adjacent well well spacing is nearer, fits the more wells oil recoveries of unification engine or water pumping gas production, but still use at present Individual well unit exploitation pattern, lack the cluster well oil extractor of mature and feasible so that cluster well potential advantages are not had fully Effect plays.
In the prior art, the following defect of cluster well oil extractor generally existing:(1)It is complicated, traditional oil pumper by It is complex in structure, therefore the transmission efficiency of power is extremely low.It is computed, traditional cluster well oil extractor efficiency is no more than 25%, Therefore traditional cluster well oil extractor electric energy overwhelming majority during work is consumed in the loss in transmission system, therefore electricity The waste situation of energy is extremely serious, therefore causes greatly increasing for cost for oil production.(2)In the prior art, although there is also There are some technical schemes for driving multigroup oil pumper to be operated by one group of actuating unit, but multigroup oil pumping in the prior art In the technical scheme that machine works simultaneously, the reasonable distribution for being not carried out counterweight between each oil pumper, so as to cause oil pumping Machine is less efficient at work.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is:Overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided one kind is by setting counterweight Mechanism, dismountable balancing weight is provided with balance weight mechanism, so as to the actual conditions pair according to oil pumper and oil well The weight and setting angle of balancing weight are adjusted, and reduce inertial load, improve adjustable more well connection of operating efficiency Dynamic oil pumper.
Technical scheme is used by the utility model solves its technical problem:The more well linkage oil-pumps of the adjustable type, bag Include oil pumper, it is characterised in that:It is evenly equipped with more oil pumpers being set up in parallel respectively in the both sides of actuating unit, actuating unit Both sides are respectively arranged with line shaft, and line shaft is connected with the oil pumper of corresponding side simultaneously and drives the oil pumper of corresponding side to act, The balance weight mechanism with line shaft synchronous axial system is additionally provided with, dismountable balancing weight, balance weight mechanism are provided with balance weight mechanism The more oil pumpers positioned at actuating unit both sides share a set of weights mechanism respectively.
Preferably, described oil pumper is each provided with two in the both sides of described actuating unit, described balance weight mechanism It is provided with two groups and is separately mounted between two oil pumpers of corresponding side.
Preferably, described actuating unit includes motor, and the output shaft of motor is defeated by tape handler and decelerator Enter end connection, the output end of decelerator is drawn from the both ends of decelerator and connects the line shaft described in one respectively.
Preferably, connected between the output end of described decelerator and line shaft by scalable Hooks coupling universal coupling.
Preferably, described oil pumper includes base, and transmission case, line shaft access transmission are provided with the upper surface of base In case;Support is provided with the front end of base, what walking beam can be swung up and down passes through donkey installed in the top of support, the front end of walking beam Head is fixed with rod string, and the rear end of walking beam is provided with crossbeam, and crossbeam connects the output end of transmission case by transmission mechanism.
Preferably, described transmission mechanism includes crank and connecting rod, and the output end of described transmission case is respectively from transmission The both ends of case are drawn and are respectively fixed with one piece of crank, and a connecting rod, two connecting rods are respectively connected with the outside of each crank It is connected respectively to the both ends of the crossbeam.
Preferably, described balance weight mechanism includes a weighting distribution wheel coaxially connected with power transmission shaft and installed in weighting distribution wheel On two balancing weights.
Preferably, described balancing weight is detachably arranged on weighting distribution wheel.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effect possessed by the utility model is:
1st, in this adjustable more well linkage oil-pump, by setting the balance weight mechanism of weight-adjustable, in balance weight mechanism In be provided with dismountable balancing weight, so as to the weight and peace according to the actual conditions of oil pumper and oil well to balancing weight Dress angle is adjusted, and reduces inertial load, improves operating efficiency.
2nd, the output end of actuating unit directly drives oil pumper to work by line shaft, therefore transmission link is few, significantly The loss in transmission process is reduced, improves the utilization rate of power.
3rd, balance weight mechanism is located between two groups of oil pumpers of actuating unit corresponding side, is shared by the oil pumper of corresponding side, because This adjusts shared balance weight mechanism or carries out sharing the circumference of balance weight mechanism on line shaft, is adjusted axially under actual condition, Realize four oil pumpers assembled machine balance under various working to adjust, also make it that line shaft operation is more steady.
4th, the four suite handles driven in four groups of oil pumpers by transmission case are mutually in 90 °, therefore corresponding walking beam is in and alternately risen The state of drop, so that corresponding rod string is in the state of alternately lifting, so the sucker rod in uphill process Post can be by the gravitional force to the rod string during decline, therefore reduces inertial load, has reached energy-conservation drop The purpose of consumption.
5th, during the rotation of line shaft, the balancing weight in two balance weight mechanisms alternately rises or falls, therefore is in Balancing weight during decline can provide certain power for the balancing weight in uphill process, and the phase for realizing potential energy is mutually beneficial With, also cause four oil pumpers mutually balance, reduce inertial load, reached energy-saving purpose.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is adjustable more well linkage oil-pump structural representations.
Fig. 2 is adjustable more well linkage oil-pump structure rearviews.
Wherein:1st, rod string 2, line shaft 3, actuating unit 4, horse head 5, walking beam 6, crossbeam 7, support 8, biography Dynamic case 9, base 10, scalable Hooks coupling universal coupling 11, decelerator 12, balance weight mechanism 13, tape handler 14, motor 15th, weighting distribution wheel 16, balancing weight 17, connecting rod 18, crank.
Embodiment
Fig. 1 ~ 2 are most preferred embodiments of the present utility model, and 1 ~ 2 pair of the utility model is done furtherly below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings It is bright.
Such as Fig. 1, a kind of adjustable more well linkage oil-pumps, including actuating unit 3, distinguish in the both sides of actuating unit 3 Two groups of oil pumpers are provided with, are arranged on totally four groups of oil pumpers of the both sides of actuating unit 3 by the line shaft 2 that is exported in actuating unit 3 It is unified to drive work.
Each group of oil pumper includes base 9, and the upper surface of base 9 is provided with fixed station, pacifies in the upper surface of fixed station Equipped with transmission case 8, in above-mentioned line shaft 2 access transmission case 8.The front end of support 7 is fixed on the front end of base 9, and rear end is fixed on The front end of fixed station, the top of support 7 are provided with rotating shaft, the top for being fixed on support 7 that walking beam 5 can be swung up and down by rotating shaft End.The front end of walking beam 5 is fixed with rod string 1 by horse head 4, and the rear end of walking beam 5 is connected with crossbeam 6, and crossbeam 6 passes through driver The output axis connection of structure and above-mentioned transmission case 8.
Line shaft 2 drives the output shaft rotation of transmission case 8 when rotating, and the output shaft of transmission case 8 passes through transmission mechanism band Dynamic crossbeam 6 is pumped, and walking beam 5 is up and down reciprocatingly swung under the drive of crossbeam 6 at the top of support 7, so as to logical Crossing horse head 4 drives rod string 1 to be pumped, and realizes oil pumping.
As shown in Fig. 2 above-mentioned actuating unit 3 includes fixed seat, motor 14 is fixedly arranged above in fixed seat, positioned at electricity The output shaft of the side of machine 14 is connected by tape handler 13 with the input of decelerator 11, and the output shaft of decelerator 11 slows down certainly The both ends of device 11 export simultaneously, and the output shaft at the both ends of decelerator 11 passes through the respectively connection one of a scalable Hooks coupling universal coupling 10 respectively Bar line shaft 2, two line shafts 2 are connected with the transmission case 8 in the oil pumper of the both sides of actuating unit 3 respectively.In engine The both sides of structure 3 are also respectively provided with a set of weights mechanism 12, and balance weight mechanism 12 drives rotation, counterweight by the line shaft 2 of corresponding side Mechanism 12 is located between two groups of oil pumpers of the corresponding side of actuating unit 3, is shared by the oil pumper of corresponding side, therefore in actual condition Under, realize four oil pumpers assembled machine balance under various working and adjust, it is more steady also make it that line shaft 2 is run.
Line shaft 2 accesses from the rear end of transmission case 8, is passed after the transmission component transmission inside transmission case 8 by being arranged on The power transmission shaft output of the dynamic front end of case 8.In the transmission case 8 of this adjustable more well linkage oil-pump, transmission component uses gear The mode of transmission, there is the advantages of transmission stability is high, and transmission is moved accurately and reliably, and service life is long by gear drive.Pass One piece of crank 18 is fixed respectively after the moving axis both sides output of dynamic transmission case 8 simultaneously, on the relative outer face of the crank 18 of both sides A connecting rod 17 is rotatably fixed with respectively, and the connecting rod 17 of both sides is also secured to the both ends of above-mentioned crossbeam 6.Therefore crank 18 under the drive of power transmission shaft when rotating, and by the connecting rod 17 that is fixed on the outside of it while crossbeam 6 can be driven to realize vertical direction On reciprocating motion.
The four suite handles 18 driven in four groups of oil pumpers by transmission case 8 are mutually in 90 °, therefore corresponding walking beam 5 is in alternating The state of lifting, so that corresponding rod string 1 is in the state of alternately lifting, so the oil pumping in uphill process Roofbolt 1 can be by the gravitional force to the rod string 1 during decline, therefore reduces inertial load, has reached section The purpose that can be lowered consumption.
Above-mentioned balance weight mechanism 12 includes the weighting distribution wheel 15 coaxially connected with line shaft 2, and two pieces are provided with weighting distribution wheel 15 Balancing weight 16, balancing weight 16 are detachably mounted on weighting distribution wheel 15.Because balancing weight 16 uses dismountable design, so as to The weight of balancing weight 16, setting angle are adjusted with the actual conditions according to oil pumper and oil well, while weighting distribution wheel 15 Regulation axially, circumferential can be realized, application is wider.
Specific work process and operation principle are as follows:
When needing to be recovered the oil, start motor 14, decelerator 11 is driven by tape handler 13 after the startup of motor 14 Start working, the line shaft 2 that decelerator 11 is driven simultaneously after working by its both ends output shaft drives simultaneously is located at engine Totally four groups of oil pumpers of the both sides of structure 3 are started working.
Line shaft 2 is accessed in the transmission case 8 of corresponding oil pumper simultaneously, and is driven accordingly by the power transmission shaft of transmission case 8 Crank 18 rotates, and crank 18 drives the crossbeam 6 in corresponding oil pumper to exist while rotating by the connecting rod 17 in its two outside Reciprocal elevating movement is realized on vertical direction, crossbeam 6 drives the in the vertical direction of walking beam 5 for being fixed on the top of support 7 to enter simultaneously Row is up and down reciprocatingly acted, and the up and down reciprocatingly fortune of rod string 1 is furthermore achieved that by being fixed on the horse head 4 of the front end of walking beam 5 It is dynamic, it is achieved thereby that oil pumping.
The four suite handles 18 driven in four groups of oil pumpers by transmission case 8 are mutually in 90 °, therefore corresponding walking beam 5 is in alternating The state of lifting, so that corresponding rod string 1 is in the state of alternately lifting, so the oil pumping in uphill process Roofbolt 1 can be by the gravitional force to the rod string 1 during decline;During the rotation of line shaft 2, two Balancing weight 16 in balance weight mechanism 12 alternately rises or falls, therefore the balancing weight 16 during declining can be in rising During balancing weight 16 certain power is provided, it is achieved thereby that the mutual utilization of potential energy, also make it that four oil pumpers are mutual Balance, reduces inertial load, has reached energy-saving purpose.
It is described above, only it is preferred embodiment of the present utility model, is not that other forms are made to the utility model Limitation, any person skilled in the art is changed or is modified as possibly also with the technology contents of the disclosure above equivalent The equivalent embodiment of change.But it is every without departing from the content of the technical scheme of the utility model, it is real according to technology of the present utility model Any simple modification, equivalent variations and the remodeling that confrontation above example is made, still fall within the guarantor of technical solutions of the utility model Protect scope.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of adjustable more well linkage oil-pumps, including oil pumper, it is characterised in that:In actuating unit(3)Both sides point More oil pumpers being set up in parallel, actuating unit are not evenly equipped with(3)Both sides be respectively arranged with line shaft(2), line shaft(2)Together When and the oil pumper of corresponding side connect and drive the oil pumper of corresponding side to act, be additionally provided with and line shaft(2)Synchronous axial system Balance weight mechanism(12), in balance weight mechanism(12)In be provided with dismountable balancing weight(16), balance weight mechanism(12)Positioned at engine Structure(3)More oil pumpers of both sides share a set of weights mechanism respectively(12).
2. adjustable more well linkage oil-pumps according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described oil pumper is described Actuating unit(3)Both sides be each provided with two, described balance weight mechanism(12)It is provided with two groups and is separately mounted to corresponding Between two oil pumpers of side.
3. adjustable more well linkage oil-pumps according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Described actuating unit (3)Including motor(14), motor(14)Output shaft pass through tape handler(13)With decelerator(11)Input connection, subtract Fast device(11)Output end from decelerator(11)Both ends draw and respectively connect one described in line shaft(2).
4. adjustable more well linkage oil-pumps according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Described decelerator(11)'s Output end and line shaft(2)Between pass through scalable Hooks coupling universal coupling(10)Connection.
5. adjustable more well linkage oil-pumps according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Described oil pumper bag Include base(9), in base(9)Upper surface transmission case is installed(8), line shaft(2)Access transmission case(8)In;In base(9) Front end be provided with support(7), walking beam(5)What can be swung up and down is arranged on support(7)Top, walking beam(5)Front end pass through Horse head(4)It is fixed with rod string(1), walking beam(5)Rear end be provided with crossbeam(6), crossbeam(6)Connected and passed by transmission mechanism Dynamic case(8)Output end.
6. adjustable more well linkage oil-pumps according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Described transmission mechanism includes Crank(18)And connecting rod(17), described transmission case(8)Output end respectively from transmission case(8)Both ends draw and solid respectively Surely there is one piece of crank(18), in each crank(18)Outside be respectively connected with a connecting rod(17), two connecting rods(17)Respectively It is connected to the crossbeam(6)Both ends.
7. adjustable more well linkage oil-pumps according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Described balance weight mechanism(12) Including one and line shaft(2)Coaxially connected weighting distribution wheel(15)And installed in weighting distribution wheel(15)On two balancing weights (16).
8. adjustable more well linkage oil-pumps according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:Described balancing weight(16)Can Dismounting is arranged on weighting distribution wheel(15)On.
CN201720448011.5U 2017-04-26 2017-04-26 A kind of adjustable more well linkage oil-pumps Expired - Fee Related CN206737892U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720448011.5U CN206737892U (en) 2017-04-26 2017-04-26 A kind of adjustable more well linkage oil-pumps

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720448011.5U CN206737892U (en) 2017-04-26 2017-04-26 A kind of adjustable more well linkage oil-pumps

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206737892U true CN206737892U (en) 2017-12-12

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113153227A (en) * 2021-04-01 2021-07-23 中油智采(天津)科技有限公司 Symmetrical homogeneous phase position regulating and controlling multi-well oil pumping machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113153227A (en) * 2021-04-01 2021-07-23 中油智采(天津)科技有限公司 Symmetrical homogeneous phase position regulating and controlling multi-well oil pumping machine

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20171212

Termination date: 20180426

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee