CN206715562U - Adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus - Google Patents

Adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206715562U
CN206715562U CN201621277055.8U CN201621277055U CN206715562U CN 206715562 U CN206715562 U CN 206715562U CN 201621277055 U CN201621277055 U CN 201621277055U CN 206715562 U CN206715562 U CN 206715562U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
valve
fog dusting
adaptive
dust concentration
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Active
Application number
CN201621277055.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黎胜龙
黄欢
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TIDFORE HEAVY INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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TIDFORE HEAVY INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610941139 priority
Application filed by TIDFORE HEAVY INDUSTRY Co Ltd filed Critical TIDFORE HEAVY INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D47/00Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent
    • B01D47/06Spray cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2247/00Details relating to the separation of dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent
    • B01D2247/08Means for controlling the separation process

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus, dust concentration during wherein adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus detection bulk transportation, including detection components, spray assembly and control assembly, detection components detect the dust concentration of dust point, by testing result real-time delivery to control assembly, when dust concentration is higher than alarming value, start the dedusting program of spray assembly, and according to the spray amount of the adaptive adjustable spraying component of dust concentration, when dust concentration is less than alarming value, control spray assembly is stopped.Adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus provided by the utility model detects dust concentration in real time, and the spray amount according to corresponding to the selection of concentration value scope, real-time adjustable spraying amount, not only using water wisely, it also assures that bulk cargo material is not influenceed by excessively spraying, the air quality at scene is ensure that simultaneously, extends the service life of hardware.

Description

Adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus
Technical field
A kind of adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus is the utility model is related to, belongs to dust removal field.
Background technology
In the industries such as metallurgy, coal, building materials, electric power, chemical industry, mine and harbour, bulk cargo handling, transhipment, conveying and The links such as crushing and screening can cause substantial amounts of dust, cause serious air pollution and water pollution, not only pollute operating environment, But also directly affect the physical and mental health of operating personnel, it is therefore necessary to which dedusting is carried out to the dust point of these links.At present, bulk cargo The airborne dust of dust point mainly carries out dedusting using Water-fog dusting apparatus when equipment works.It is domestic at present closest with the utility model Prior art be mainly spraying dedusting device, be mainly made up of water pump, ball valve and nozzle, this device uses low pressure and mass flow skill Art, low pressure water column is ejected, carry out dedusting.Existing Water-fog dusting apparatus carries out dedusting operation according to dust concentration, works as dust When concentration is higher than alarming value, starts Water-fog dusting apparatus and carry out dedusting, dust arrester will work under specified spray amount, work as dust When concentration is less than alarming value, Water-fog dusting apparatus is automatically stopped work;But this dedusting method is due to can not be according to dust concentration Change adjust automatically nozzle spray amount size, and the dust concentration of dust point can change, existing water mist dust-removing dress Spray amount can not be adjusted in time by putting, therefore it is excessive water consumption to be present, waste water source, and produce the problem of muddy.
The content of the invention
In view of the above-mentioned problems existing in the prior art, the purpose of this utility model be to provide one kind can be according to dust concentration Change and change the adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus of spray amount.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows:
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus, adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus detection Dust concentration during bulk transportation, including detection components, spray assembly and control assembly, control assembly respectively with detection group Part and spray assembly electrical connection, in dust atmosphere, detection components are dense by the dust detected for detection components and spray assembly Degree signal is transferred to control assembly, control assembly control spray assembly spray for dust suppression.
Preferably, detection components include dust concentration on-line detector, and using non-sampling light scattering principle, it is dense to carry out dust Degree detection.
Preferably, control assembly includes electric-control stop valve and PLC, and PLC receives dust concentration and examined online The digitized detection signals of instrument are surveyed, after logical operation, output current signal gives electric proportional flow control valve, and electric-control stop valve is used to control The break-make on tubulation road.
Preferably, spray assembly includes nozzle, hand stop valve, electric proportional flow control valve, overflow valve, water pump and water tank, water Case includes water inlet pipe and outlet pipe, and water pump is water tank water storage by water inlet pipe, and outlet pipeline is provided with electric proportional flow control valve, cut manually Only valve, nozzle and overflow valve.
It is highly preferred that hand stop valve plays booster action when electric proportional flow control valve breaks down or needed repairing, make For a kind of preferred embodiment, an electric proportional flow control valve matches somebody with somebody three hand stop valves, and two hand stop valves are on electric ratio Example flow valve is symmetrical, and a remaining hand stop valve is located at the side of symmetrical hand stop valve.When electric proportional flow control valve works When, upper and lower two hand stop valves are normally opened, and the hand stop valve of electric proportional flow control valve side is normally closed, when electric proportional flow control valve damages When, electric proportional flow control valve two hand stop valves up and down are closed, open the hand stop valve of electric proportional flow control valve side, Ke Yi Adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus changes electric proportional flow control valve in the case of not being stopped, and ensure that whole adaptive water mist dust-removing The use continuity and stability of device.
Preferably, overflow valve is located at the end of outlet pipeline, and overflow valve includes direct acting type overflow valve and pilot-type relief valve. Water-fog dusting apparatus includes high-pressure installation and low-voltage device, and high-pressure installation uses pilot-type relief valve, and low-voltage device uses direct acting Type overflow valve.
It is highly preferred that control assembly controls the valve port circulation area adjustable spraying amount of electric proportional flow control valve, sprayed by nozzle.
Another object of the present utility model is to provide a kind of to be removed using the adaptive water smoke of adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus Dust collecting method, this method is when dust concentration is more than preset alarm value, automatic start Water-fog dusting apparatus, and is selected according to dust concentration Select spraying grade;When dust concentration is less than preset alarm value, Water-fog dusting apparatus is closed.
Preferably, when dust concentration is more than or equal to the response maximum of dust concentration, electric proportional flow control valve standard-sized sheet, spray Mouth works under specified injection flow rate.
Preferably, when dust concentration is more than preset alarm value and less than response maximum, adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus According to the change adjust automatically spray amount of dust concentration.
It is furthermore preferred that when the instantaneous value of dust concentration is compared with previous detected value in real time, the absolute value of difference is in change model Within 10% enclosed, electric proportional flow valve opening is constant.
Preferably, the concentration adaptively sprayed is 10mg/m3~1000mg/m3Or 10mg/m3~3000mg/m3
In a word, adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus provided by the utility model compared with prior art, has following technology effect Fruit:
(1) water consumption of high-pressure micro-mist dust arrester is reduced, the utilization rate of water resource is improved, saves installation cost;
(2) mitigate influence of the water smoke to bulk cargo material, reduce the pollution to operating environment;
(3) abrasion of the water under high pressure to parts such as nozzles is reduced.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus schematic diagram provided by the utility model.
Reference
1 nozzle, 2 dust concentration on-line detectors, 3 electric-control stop valves, 4 PLCs, 5 hand stop valves, 6 electric ratios Example flow valve, 7 overflow valves, 8 water pumps, 9 water tanks.
Embodiment
The utility model is made with reference to embodiment further in detail, intactly to illustrate.
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus of the present utility model, and adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus includes:Inspection Survey component, spray assembly and control assembly, detection components and detect the dust concentration of dust point, by testing result real-time delivery extremely Control assembly, control assembly select corresponding program, when dust concentration is higher than alarming value, start spray assembly according to pre-set programs Corresponding dedusting program, and according to dust concentration size, the spray amount of adaptive adjustable spraying component, when dust concentration is less than During alarming value, control spray assembly is stopped.As shown in figure 1, detection components include dust concentration on-line detector 2, spraying Component includes nozzle 1, hand stop valve 5, electric proportional flow control valve 6, overflow valve 7, water pump 8 and water tank 9, and control assembly includes automatically controlled Stop valve 3 and PLC 4.
The critical piece of detection components is dust concentration on-line detector 2, and dust concentration on-line detector selection uses The dust concentration on-line detector of non-sampling light scattering principle, the detector can on-line checking dust point dust concentration in good time it is big Small, detection sensitivity is high, and Real-time Feedback is accurate.Dust concentration on-line computing model is mountable to optional position in dust atmosphere, excellent Elect as close to the position of dust point, be easy to the timely feedback result of quick detection.
The dust concentration on-line detector used in the utility model is only the preferred embodiment of the present embodiment, Ren Heke Protection of the present utility model is deemed to fall to detect dust concentration and carry out the detection components of testing result feedback or combine Within the scope of, the dust concentration on-line detector in the present embodiment should not be used as to limitation of the present utility model.
Spray assembly includes the water tank 9 for providing water source, realizes that water suction, the water pump 8 of supercharging and drainage procedure, level pressure overflow are used Overflow valve 7, the electric proportional flow control valve 6 of flow changed according to current signal, auxiliary controls the manual control of electric proportional flow control valve 6 Valve 5 and nozzle 1.Control assembly control water pump 8 is absorbed water and drainage works, and the output pressure of water pump 8 is 0.3~10MPa, Water pump 8 absorbs water from water tank 9 passes through electric proportional flow control valve 6, is sprayed by nozzle 1.Spray assembly includes water inlet pipe and outlet pipe, overflows Stream valve 7 is located at water outlet pipe end, and hydraulic pressure is controlled for auxiliary pump, and unnecessary water is overflowed when water is excessive, ensures hydraulic pressure Normally;Water pump 8, electric proportional flow control valve 6 and nozzle 1 are located in water inlet pipe.Hand stop valve 5 can occur in electric proportional flow control valve 6 Failure plays booster action when needing repairing, and the quantity of hand stop valve 5 can be carried out according to the design feature of electric proportional flow control valve 6 Set, be preferably that an electric proportional flow control valve 6 matches somebody with somebody three hand stop valves 5 in the present embodiment, including electric proportional flow control valve is about 6 Two hand stop valves and side a hand stop valve 5.When electric proportional flow control valve 6 works, upper and lower two are cut manually Only valve 5 is normally opened, and the hand stop valve 5 of the electric side of proportional flow control valve 6 is normally closed, when electric proportional flow control valve 6 damages, closes electric ratio Example flow valve two hand stop valves 5 about 6, open the hand stop valve 5 of the electric side of proportional flow control valve 6, can be adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus changes electric proportional flow control valve 6 in the case of not being stopped, ensure that whole adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus Use continuity and stability.
Because Water-fog dusting apparatus of the present utility model includes high-pressure installation and low-voltage device, therefore corresponding it is combined with Different types of overflow valve.Preferably overflow valve 7 includes direct acting type overflow valve and pilot-type relief valve, when the output pressure of water pump 8 When power is 0.3~2.5MPa, direct acting overflow valve is operated;When the output pressure of water pump 8 is 2.5~10MPa, type pilot Overflow valve is operated.
Spray assembly provided by the utility model can be according to the adjustment for needing to carry out concrete structure of using area, this practicality New that the concrete structures such as water tank, water pump, water pipe, overflow valve and nozzle are not restricted, spray assembly need to only ensure that spraying can Effectively covering soot region.
The control assembly of adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus in the utility model is used for the testing result for receiving detection components, Carry out computing and send command adapted thereto, control the dedusting handling situations of spray assembly.Specifically, PLC 4 in control assembly The digitized detection signals of dust concentration on-line detector 2 are received, after logical operation, and output current signal gives electric ratio stream Valve 6 is measured, and then controls the valve port flow area size of electric proportional flow control valve 6, it is through-flow by the valve port for changing electric proportional flow control valve 6 Size, adjustable spraying flow, spray and sprayed by nozzle 1.Control assembly also includes electric-control stop valve 3, for Electronic control The break-make of piping installation.
Electric-control stop valve 3, hand stop valve 5, the quantity of electric proportional flow control valve 6 and concrete model etc. are equal in the utility model It is not specifically limited, setting can be adjusted according to the property difference of actual place and different bulk cargos, as long as disclosure satisfy that adaptive Water mist dust-removing is answered to need range and dust removal requirement.
The method that adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus as shown in Figure 1 uses is specific as follows:
0~C of the detection interval mg/m of dust concentration on-line detector 23, set dust concentration to ring according to live actual condition Answer section 0~B mg/m3, dust concentration overload alarm value A mg/m3, and 0<A<B<C.A values are 10mg/m3,, C values are preferably 1000 or 3000mg/m3
On-line measurement is carried out to the dust of dust point by dust concentration on-line detector 2, and by real-time measurement values with number Word signal form is transferred to PLC 4, and PLC 4 is by the way that transmitting telecommunication number gives electric proportional flow again after logical operation Valve 6, become the valve port flow area size that level adjusts electric proportional flow control valve 6, so as to adjust the spray amount size of nozzle.Specific feelings Condition is divided into following three kinds:
(1) when dust concentration is in B values or more, the electric standard-sized sheet of proportional flow control valve 6, nozzle works under specified spray amount;
(2) A is worked as<Dust concentration value<During B, dust concentration is in section A~B mg/m3When changing from small to big, electric proportional flow control valve 6 aperture is synchronously changed from small to big, the spray amount increase of nozzle 1;Dust concentration is in section A~B mg/m3When from large to small, electric ratio The aperture of example flow valve 6 is synchronous from large to small, and the spray amount of nozzle 1 reduces;When dust concentration detected value in compared with minizone (± 10%) when changing or be unchanged, the aperture of electric proportional flow control valve 6 does not change, and the spray amount of nozzle 1 is constant;
(3) when dust concentration is in preset alarm value A or following, electric proportional flow control valve 6 is closed, adaptive water mist dust-removing dress Put and be automatically stopped work.
Dust concentration detector 2 detects dust concentration in real time, when dust concentration is again raised to more than preset alarm value A When, control assembly starts spray assembly, carries out spray for dust suppression operation, dedusting handling situations are the same as above-mentioned three kinds of situations.
This method detects dust concentration, and the spray amount according to corresponding to the selection of concentration value scope, real-time adjustable spraying in real time Amount, not only using water wisely, it is ensured that bulk cargo material is not influenceed by excessively spraying, while ensure that the air quality at scene, Extend the service life of hardware.
Finally be necessary described herein be:Above example is served only for making further the technical solution of the utility model Explain, it is impossible to be interpreted as the limitation to scope of protection of the utility model, those skilled in the art is new according to this practicality Some nonessential modifications and adaptations that the above of type is made belong to the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus, it is characterised in that during adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus detection bulk transportation Dust concentration, including detection components, spray assembly and control assembly, control assembly respectively with detection components and spray assembly electricity In dust atmosphere, the dust concentration signal detected is transferred to control by detection components for connection, detection components and spray assembly Component processed, control assembly control spray assembly spray for dust suppression.
2. adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Detection components exist including dust concentration Line detector.
3. adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Control assembly includes electric-control stop valve And PLC.
4. adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Spray assembly include nozzle, manually Stop valve, electric proportional flow control valve, overflow valve, water pump and water tank, water tank include water inlet pipe and outlet pipe, and water pump is by water inlet pipe Water tank water storage, outlet pipeline are provided with electric proportional flow control valve, hand stop valve, nozzle and overflow valve.
5. adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:One electric proportional flow control valve matches somebody with somebody three Hand stop valve, two hand stop valves are symmetrical on electric proportional flow control valve, and a remaining hand stop valve is located at symmetrical hand The side of dynamic stop valve.
6. adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Overflow valve is located at the end of outlet pipeline End.
7. adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:Overflow valve includes direct acting type overflow valve And pilot-type relief valve.
8. adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:Water-fog dusting apparatus includes high press fitting Put and low-voltage device, high-pressure installation use pilot-type relief valve, low-voltage device uses direct acting type overflow valve.
9. adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Control assembly controls electric proportional flow The valve port circulation area adjustable spraying amount of valve, is sprayed by nozzle.
CN201621277055.8U 2016-10-25 2016-11-25 Adaptive Water-fog dusting apparatus Active CN206715562U (en)

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CN2016109411395 2016-10-25
CN201610941139 2016-10-25

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BE1025499B1 (en) * 2018-02-22 2019-03-19 PULVI cvba Method and device for depositing dust particles
CN110116062A (en) * 2019-03-18 2019-08-13 秦皇岛朗坤科技有限公司 A kind of adjustable penetrates mist water supply system and penetrates mist device

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CN109603367A (en) * 2018-12-24 2019-04-12 华北科技学院 A kind of adaptive atomizing dust removal method and device
CN110124415B (en) * 2019-04-26 2021-02-12 嘉兴市建设工程质量检测有限公司 Building engineering environment monitoring device
CN110604984A (en) * 2019-09-12 2019-12-24 北京城建远东建设投资集团有限公司 Unitized spraying dust-settling system

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KR100938291B1 (en) * 2009-11-06 2010-01-22 한국광물자원공사 Apparatus for eliminating dust by wet in mine
CN103133000A (en) * 2013-03-01 2013-06-05 郑州四维机电设备制造有限公司 Coal cutter gas-water mixing external spray system
CN103696797A (en) * 2013-12-14 2014-04-02 常熟市通防电器有限公司 Automatic watering dust falling device
CN203663621U (en) * 2014-01-16 2014-06-25 徐州徐工施维英机械有限公司 High-pressure spray dust removal system
CN204182254U (en) * 2014-09-22 2015-03-04 武汉桑普瑞奇科技有限公司 Auto spraying dust arrester
CN205485385U (en) * 2016-01-07 2016-08-17 徐工集团工程机械股份有限公司 Dust removal control system and breaker

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
BE1025499B1 (en) * 2018-02-22 2019-03-19 PULVI cvba Method and device for depositing dust particles
CN110116062A (en) * 2019-03-18 2019-08-13 秦皇岛朗坤科技有限公司 A kind of adjustable penetrates mist water supply system and penetrates mist device

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Denomination of utility model: Self -adaptation water mist dust removal device

Effective date of registration: 20180503

Granted publication date: 20171208

Pledgee: Xiangtan Jiuhua Economic Construction Investment Co., Ltd.

Pledgor: Tidfore Engineering Co., Ltd.|Tidfore Heavy Industry Co., Ltd.|Ocean engineering equipment (Tianjin) Co., Ltd.

Registration number: 2018430000029

PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right