CN206676773U - A kind of automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly suitable for severe dust area - Google Patents

A kind of automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly suitable for severe dust area Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206676773U
CN206676773U CN201720223567.4U CN201720223567U CN206676773U CN 206676773 U CN206676773 U CN 206676773U CN 201720223567 U CN201720223567 U CN 201720223567U CN 206676773 U CN206676773 U CN 206676773U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cell panel
shower
solar energy
controller
automatic cleaning
Prior art date
Application number
CN201720223567.4U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张海宁
冀飞虎
康洪波
李恩龙
曲宇宁
龚旭
赵蕾
Original Assignee
河北建筑工程学院
张家口浩源电子科技有限公司
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Application filed by 河北建筑工程学院, 张家口浩源电子科技有限公司 filed Critical 河北建筑工程学院
Priority to CN201720223567.4U priority Critical patent/CN206676773U/en
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Publication of CN206676773U publication Critical patent/CN206676773U/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly suitable for severe dust area, it is related to solar cell servicing unit technical field, including cell panel, controller, hair is brushed lightly, water pump, cell panel is provided with the staubosphere accumulated amount detector for being used for detecting ash-collecting amount, cell panel both sides are provided with chute, the input of controller is connected with the staubosphere accumulated amount detector, hair is brushed lightly as two and is separately positioned on the both sides of cell panel, the side that hair is brushed lightly is provided with connecting rod, one end of connecting rod is provided with stepper motor and ball guide screw nat, the input of stepper motor and the output end of controller connect, water pump is arranged on the side of cell panel, the input of water pump and the output end of controller connect.The utility model is reasonable in design, easy to use, first brushes lightly cleaning dust with hair, recycles the water for being mixed with special cleaning agent to be rinsed, and completes the process of cleaning, and solving the problems, such as under the weather condition of severe dust can not thorough cleaning solar energy cell plate.

Description

A kind of automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly suitable for severe dust area
Technical field
Solar cell servicing unit technical field is the utility model is related to, is applied to severe dust more particularly to one kind The automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly in area.
Background technology
The clean level of solar panel produces great influence to its generating efficiency.It is reported that China's solar energy Power station causes the generating efficiency of solar panel to drop to 17-18% or so by 23-25% because being polluted by dust. There is statistics to show, China's solar power generation industries in 2012 are because up to 2.5 hundred million yuan of loss caused by dust.In face of huge Economic loss, any solar power plant can not all remain indifferent or apathetic.It is right for guarantee normal power generation, general power station every month Cell panel carries out one to cleaning twice, and the mode cleaned mainly has two kinds, and one kind is manually to wash, and another kind is industrial clear Wash equipment flushing.The cost manually washed is high, and reliability is low, is operated, had certain on one side people's solar panel Danger coefficient;On the other hand fragile cell panel is also difficult to the body weight of long-time grantee, easily causes the damage of cell panel.And The cleaning quality of industrial washing device it is difficult to ensure that cleaning it is clean thoroughly, and left cleaning dead angle, it is possible to cause " hot spot effect ", this effect can aggravate cell panel aging, reduce optoelectronic transformation efficiency, fire can be caused when serious.
So a kind of automatic cleaning solar for being applied to severe dust area that can solve the problem that above mentioned problem is needed now Cell panel device.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to be directed to above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided one kind is applied to severe The automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly in dust area, which solves can not be thorough under the weather condition of severe dust The problem of cleaning solar energy cell plate.
In order to solve the above technical problems, technical solution adopted in the utility model is:One kind is with being applied to severe dust The automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly in area, including cell panel, controller, hair are brushed lightly, water pump, the cell panel, which is provided with, to be used for The staubosphere accumulated amount detector of ash-collecting amount is detected, the cell panel both sides are provided with chute, the input of the controller and institute The connection of staubosphere accumulated amount detector is stated, the hair is brushed lightly as two and is separately positioned on the both sides of the cell panel, what the hair was brushed lightly Side is provided with first connecting rod, and one end of the first connecting rod is provided with the first stepper motor and can realize the first rolling of stretching motion Screw nut pair, the input of first stepper motor are connected with the output end of the controller, and the water pump is arranged on The side of the cell panel, the input of the water pump are connected with the output end of the controller, and described water pump one end is connected with Main pipeline, one end of the main pipeline are connected with the first branch pipe and the second branch pipe, one end of first branch pipe and the second branch pipe It is connected to the first shower and the second shower, first shower and the second shower are provided with the first shower nozzle and the Two shower nozzles, first shower and the second shower can by the sliding block being arranged on the first shower and the second shower Slided in the chute being arranged on the cell panel both sides, the sliding block side is provided with second connecting rod, the second connecting rod One end is provided with the second stepper motor and can realize the second ball guide screw nat of stretching motion, second stepper motor Input is connected with the output end of the controller.
Preferably, the side of the water pump is connected with expansion drum, and one end of the expansion drum is connected with water tank.
Further, the water tank is built with for cleaning the cell panel and being mixed with the water of cleaning agent.
Preferably, the main pipeline is provided with the magnetic valve for opening or closing main pipeline, the input of the magnetic valve It is connected with the output end of the controller.
Preferably, the bottom of the cell panel is provided with the recovery tank for withdrawing, and the side of the recovery tank is provided with Drainpipe for discharge.
Preferably, the quantity of first shower nozzle and the second shower nozzle for several and is set in qually spaced in first spray On pipe and the second shower.
Further, the quantity of first shower nozzle and the second shower nozzle is ten.
Preferably, the material that the hair is brushed lightly is superfine fibre.
Preferably, the controller uses single-chip microcomputer or ARM chips.
Preferably, the staubosphere accumulated amount detector uses microwave remote sensor or light sensor.
It is using beneficial effect caused by above-mentioned technical proposal:The utility model is reasonable in design, easy to use, By setting staubosphere accumulated amount detector on solar panel, detect under the weather condition of severe dust in solar-electricity Ash-collecting amount on the plate of pond, cleaning dust first is brushed lightly with hair, recycle the water for being mixed with special cleaning agent to be rinsed, complete cleaning Process, solving the problems, such as under the weather condition of severe dust can not thorough cleaning solar energy cell plate.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model one embodiment.
In figure:1st, cell panel;2nd, controller;3rd, hair is brushed lightly;31st, first connecting rod;32nd, the first ball guide screw nat;4th, water Pump;41st, main pipeline;42nd, the first branch pipe;43rd, the second branch pipe;44th, the first shower;45th, the second shower;46th, the first shower nozzle; 47th, the second shower nozzle;48th, sliding block;481st, second connecting rod;482nd, the second stepper motor;483rd, the second ball guide screw nat;5th, it is grey Knoisphere accumulated amount detector;6th, the first stepper motor;7th, expansion drum;8th, water tank;81st, water;9th, magnetic valve;10th, tank is reclaimed;11、 Drainpipe.
Embodiment
In order that the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage are more clearly understood, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and implementation Example, the utility model is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only explaining The utility model, it is not used to limit the utility model.
As shown in figure 1, it is a kind of automatic cleaning solar energy cell plate dress suitable for severe dust area of the utility model The one embodiment put, including cell panel 1, controller 2, hair brush lightly 3, water pump 4, and the cell panel 1, which is provided with, to be used to detect collection ash The staubosphere accumulated amount detector 5 of amount, the both sides of cell panel 1 are provided with chute, input and the dust of the controller 2 Lamination amount detector 5 connects, and the hair brushes lightly 3 as two and is separately positioned on the both sides of the cell panel 1, and the hair brushes lightly the one of 3 Side is provided with first connecting rod 31, and one end of the first connecting rod 31 is provided with the first stepper motor 6 and can realize the of stretching motion One ball guide screw nat 32, the input of first stepper motor 6 are connected with the output end of the controller 2, the water Pump 4 is arranged on the side of the cell panel 1, and the input of the water pump 4 is connected with the output end of the controller 2, the water The one end of pump 4 is connected with main pipeline 41, and one end of the main pipeline 41 is connected with the first branch pipe 42 and the second branch pipe 43, and described first One end of the branch pipe 43 of branch pipe 42 and second is connected to the first shower 44 and the second shower 45, first shower 44 The first shower nozzle 46 and the second shower nozzle 47 are provided with the second shower 45, the shower 45 of the first shower 44 and second passes through The sliding block 48 being arranged on the first shower 44 and the second shower 45 can be in the chute on being arranged at the both sides of cell panel 1 Interior slip, the side of sliding block 48 are provided with second connecting rod 481, and one end of the second connecting rod 481 is provided with the second stepper motor 482 With the second ball guide screw nat 483 that can realize stretching motion, input and the control of second stepper motor 482 The output end connection of device 2 processed.
First, staubosphere accumulated amount detector 5 detects the ash-collecting amount on cell panel 1, when ash-collecting amount reaches to a certain degree, ash The exceeded information of ash-collecting amount can be sent to controller 2 by knoisphere accumulated amount detector 5, after controller 2 receives information, controller 2 The first stepper motor 6 is controlled, the first stepper motor 6 provides power, and the first ball guide screw nat 32 can realize first connecting rod 31 stretching motions, hair is driven to brush lightly 3 progress brushes repeatedly, hair brushes lightly 3 as two and is separately positioned on the both sides of the cell panel 1, and two The hair of side brushes lightly 3 alternations, improves clean-up performance, when the data of staubosphere accumulated amount detector 5 show that dust concentration is reduced to conjunction When in the range of reason, controller 2 stops the control to the first stepper motor 6, and hair is brushed lightly 3 and is stopped, and now controller 2 controls water Pump 4, water pump 4 bring into operation, and water pump 4 takes out the rinse water come and flows to the first branch pipe 42 and the second branch pipe respectively via main pipeline 41 43, the first shower 44 and the second shower 45, the first shower 44 are being flowed to by the first branch pipe 42 and the second branch pipe 43 respectively The first shower nozzle 46 and the second shower nozzle 47 are provided with the second shower 45, the first shower 44 and the second shower 45 pass through setting Sliding block 48 on the first shower 44 and the second shower 45 can slide in the chute being arranged on the both sides of cell panel 1, The side of sliding block 48 is provided with second connecting rod 481, and one end of second connecting rod 481 is provided with the second stepper motor 482 and can realized flexible Second ball guide screw nat 483 of motion, the input of the second stepper motor 482 are connected with the output end of the controller 2, The last shower nozzle 47 of first shower nozzle 46 and second is sprayed water to be rinsed to cell panel 1 respectively, due to the first shower 44 and the second spray Shower pipe 45 can be slided, and avoid the problem of not flushed to the dead angle of cell panel 1, the shower of the first shower 44 and second The baker of drying cell panel 1 is additionally provided with 45, after flushing, cell panel 1 is dried.
The side of the water pump 4 is connected with expansion drum 7, and one end of the expansion drum 7 is connected with water tank 8.In hydraulic pressure deficiency In the case of, increase expansion drum 7 to improve hydraulic pressure, water pump 4 extracts rinse water out of water tank 8.
The water tank 8 is built with for cleaning the cell panel 1 and being mixed with the water 81 of cleaning agent.It is mixed with cleaning agent Water 81 preferably can be cleaned thoroughly to cell panel 1, and cleaning is cleaner and more thorough.
The main pipeline 41, which is provided with, opens or closes the magnetic valve 9 of main pipeline 41, the input of the magnetic valve 9 and The output end connection of the controller 2.When that need not be rinsed to cell panel 1, magnetic valve 9 can be closed, it is necessary to electricity When pond plate 1 is rinsed, it can be controlled with opens solenoid valve 9, magnetic valve 9 by controller 2.
The bottom of the cell panel 1 is provided with the recovery tank 10 for withdrawing, and the side of the recovery tank 10, which is provided with, to be used In the drainpipe 11 of discharge.The rinse water flow down after flushing, which can reclaim, is setting the recovery tank 10 of the bottom of cell panel 1, cleaning Water is provided with by the side for being arranged on recovery tank 10 is discharged for the drainpipe 11 discharged again.
The quantity of the shower nozzle 47 of first shower nozzle 46 and second is several and is set in qually spaced in first shower 44 and second on shower 45.According to actual conditions, the quantity of the first shower nozzle 46 and the second shower nozzle 47 could be arranged to several, First shower nozzle 46 and the second shower nozzle 47 are set in qually spaced on the shower 45 of the first shower 44 and second, so can be equal It is rinsed evenly, reaches preferably developing result.
The quantity of the shower nozzle 47 of first shower nozzle 46 and second is ten.By the quantity of the first shower nozzle 46 and the second shower nozzle 47 Ten are arranged to, is most preferred embodiment, so can be equably rinsed, reaches preferably developing result.
The material that the hair brushes lightly 3 is superfine fibre.Superfine fibre greatly reduces the rigidity of silk because fiber number is superfine, fine Dimension can also increase the layer structure of silk, increase surface area and capillary effect, make fibrous inside reflected light finer and smoother in surface distributed, With the graceful gloss as silk, and there is good moisture absorption dissipates moist.The effect of cleaning can preferably be played.
The controller 2 uses single-chip microcomputer or ARM chips.According to being actually needed, controller 2 can use single-chip microcomputer, ARM chips can be used.
The staubosphere accumulated amount detector 5 uses microwave remote sensor or light sensor.According to being actually needed, dust lamination Amount detector 5 can use microwave remote sensor, can also use light sensor.
After adopting the above technical scheme, caused beneficial effect is:The utility model is reasonable in design, user Just, by setting staubosphere accumulated amount detector 5 on solar panel 1, detect under the weather condition of severe dust too Ash-collecting amount on positive energy cell panel 1, first brushes lightly 3 cleaning dusts with hair, recycles the water 81 for being mixed with special cleaning agent to be rinsed, The process of cleaning is completed, solving the problems, such as under the weather condition of severe dust can not thorough cleaning solar energy cell plate 1.
It is pointed out that the ordinal number such as " first, second " described in text, is to distinguish the different knots of same names Structure, it is convenient only for description, certain order is not indicated that, more should not be construed any restriction.
Preferred embodiment of the present utility model is the foregoing is only, it is all at this not to limit the utility model All any modification, equivalent and improvement made within the spirit and principle of utility model etc., should be included in the utility model Protection domain within.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly suitable for severe dust area, it is characterised in that:Including cell panel (1), controller(2), hair brushes lightly(3), water pump(4), the cell panel(1)It is provided with the staubosphere accumulated amount inspection for being used to detect ash-collecting amount Survey instrument(5), the cell panel(1)Both sides are provided with chute, the controller(2)Input and the staubosphere accumulated amount detect Instrument(5)Connection, the hair are brushed lightly(3)For two and it is separately positioned on the cell panel(1)Both sides, the hair brushes lightly(3)Side Provided with first connecting rod(31), the first connecting rod(31)One end be provided with the first stepper motor(6)With can realize stretching motion The first ball guide screw nat(32), first stepper motor(6)Input and the controller(2)Output end connect Connect, the water pump(4)It is arranged on the cell panel(1)Side, the water pump(4)Input and the controller(2)'s Output end connects, the water pump(4)One end is connected with main pipeline(41), the main pipeline(41)One end be connected with the first branch pipe (42)With the second branch pipe(43), first branch pipe(42)With the second branch pipe(43)One end be connected to the first shower (44)With the second shower(45), first shower(44)With the second shower(45)It is provided with the first shower nozzle(46)With Two shower nozzles(47), first shower(44)With the second shower(45)By being arranged on the first shower(44)With the second spray Shower pipe(45)On sliding block(48)The cell panel can be arranged at(1)Slided in chute on both sides, the sliding block (48) Side is provided with second connecting rod(481), the second connecting rod(481)One end be provided with the second stepper motor(482)With can realize Second ball guide screw nat of stretching motion(483), second stepper motor(482)Input and the controller (2)Output end connection.
  2. 2. a kind of automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly suitable for severe dust area according to claim 1, its It is characterised by:The water pump(4)Side be connected with expansion drum(7), the expansion drum(7)One end be connected with water tank(8).
  3. 3. a kind of automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly suitable for severe dust area according to claim 2, its It is characterised by:The water tank(8)Built with for cleaning the cell panel(1)And it is mixed with the water of cleaning agent(81).
  4. 4. a kind of automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly suitable for severe dust area according to claim 1, its It is characterised by:The main pipeline(41)It is provided with and opens or close main pipeline(41)Magnetic valve(9), the magnetic valve(9) Input and the controller(2)Output end connection.
  5. 5. a kind of automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly suitable for severe dust area according to claim 1, its It is characterised by:The cell panel(1)Bottom be provided with for withdraw recovery tank(10), the recovery tank(10)Side Provided with the drainpipe for discharge(11).
  6. 6. a kind of automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly suitable for severe dust area according to claim 1, its It is characterised by:First shower nozzle(46)With the second shower nozzle(47)Quantity for several and be set in qually spaced in it is described first spray Shower pipe(44)With the second shower(45)On.
  7. 7. a kind of automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly suitable for severe dust area according to claim 6, its It is characterised by:First shower nozzle(46)With the second shower nozzle(47)Quantity be ten.
  8. 8. a kind of automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly suitable for severe dust area according to claim 1, its It is characterised by:The hair is brushed lightly(3)Material be superfine fibre.
  9. 9. a kind of automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly suitable for severe dust area according to claim 1, its It is characterised by:The controller(2)Using single-chip microcomputer or ARM chips.
  10. 10. a kind of automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly suitable for severe dust area according to claim 1, its It is characterised by:The staubosphere accumulated amount detector(5)Using microwave remote sensor or light sensor.
CN201720223567.4U 2017-03-08 2017-03-08 A kind of automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly suitable for severe dust area CN206676773U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720223567.4U CN206676773U (en) 2017-03-08 2017-03-08 A kind of automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly suitable for severe dust area

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720223567.4U CN206676773U (en) 2017-03-08 2017-03-08 A kind of automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly suitable for severe dust area

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN206676773U true CN206676773U (en) 2017-11-28

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CN201720223567.4U CN206676773U (en) 2017-03-08 2017-03-08 A kind of automatic cleaning solar energy cell panel assembly suitable for severe dust area

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109078875A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-12-25 上海安悦节能技术有限公司 Photovoltaic bicycle shed intelligence cleaning equipment and its control method
CN109332282A (en) * 2018-12-13 2019-02-15 无锡凯帕德瑞科技有限公司 Battery cleaning machine
CN110681622A (en) * 2019-10-09 2020-01-14 燕山大学 Photovoltaic board intelligence cleaning machines people

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109078875A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-12-25 上海安悦节能技术有限公司 Photovoltaic bicycle shed intelligence cleaning equipment and its control method
CN109332282A (en) * 2018-12-13 2019-02-15 无锡凯帕德瑞科技有限公司 Battery cleaning machine
CN109332282B (en) * 2018-12-13 2019-08-27 无锡凯帕德瑞科技有限公司 Battery cleaning machine
CN110681622A (en) * 2019-10-09 2020-01-14 燕山大学 Photovoltaic board intelligence cleaning machines people
CN110681622B (en) * 2019-10-09 2020-12-08 燕山大学 Photovoltaic board intelligence cleaning machines people

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20171128

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