CN206651798U - Gas and dust separating device and dust catcher - Google Patents

Gas and dust separating device and dust catcher Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206651798U
CN206651798U CN201621250375.4U CN201621250375U CN206651798U CN 206651798 U CN206651798 U CN 206651798U CN 201621250375 U CN201621250375 U CN 201621250375U CN 206651798 U CN206651798 U CN 206651798U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
dust
air
dirt
gas
cup
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Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201621250375.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陆苏忠
杨曾峥
周旭
潘加文
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Suzhou Hai Song Electrical Appliance Technology Co Ltd
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Suzhou Hai Song Electrical Appliance Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201621250375.4U priority Critical patent/CN206651798U/en
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Publication of CN206651798U publication Critical patent/CN206651798U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of gas and dust separating device and dust catcher, including:Dirt cup includes outer cup and the opening down interior cup located at outer cup;Outer cup is correspondingly provided with the first air inlet and the second air inlet connected with interior cup respectively;The first air outlet is provided with the top of interior cup;Gas dirt separator includes the dust funnel on the inside of outer cup and being plugged into above interior cup, and dust funnel is provided with filtering gate hole;First air inlet, the second air inlet, the first air outlet and filtering gate hole form current path;The air-flow one-level rotated into through the second air inlet is separated interior cup and storage;Filter the air-flow after gate hole separates to one-level and carry out the second-order separation.The utility model stores dust using downward opening interior cup, and the storage and cleaning of dust leg and interior cup do not intersect, and cleaning is convenient;The thin dirt of three-level separation is sent to dust leg, and the space on the outside of tornadotron between outer cup inner side will not be polluted;Set multistage cyclone to separate, there is preferable gas dirt separating effect.

Description

Gas and dust separating device and dust catcher
Technical field
An electro-technical field is the utility model is related to, more specifically, the utility model is related to a kind of gas and dust separating device And dust catcher.
Background technology
Dust catcher is rotated at a high speed using motor band movable vane piece, and air negative pressure is produced in the housing of sealing, draws dirt A kind of small domestic appliance of bits, motor of dust collector rotate at a high speed, suck air from inlet scoop, dirt case is produced certain vacuum, The bag dust filter that dust is entered in dirt case by scrubbing brush, adapter, handle, flexible pipe, main suction pipe, dust are left in bag dust filter, are filtered Air afterwards enters motor by one layer of filter again, and this layer of filter is one of guarantor for preventing dirt bag rupture dust suction motor Barrier is protected, interior is discharged into again after filtered air enters motor.
Therefore, the filtration in dirt case determines the pick-up performance and air permeability of dust catcher, if the filtering knot in dirt case Structure excessively letter is dredged, and the air in suction dirt case is returned to interior with substantial amounts of dirt body, is mingled with the air of dirt body by electricity It is not only limited to cooling effect caused by motor during machine, and easily motor is caused to block and damage motor, it is more serious It is to be mingled with the bacterium grown close to the dust of earth's surface to be discharged into interior by dust catcher, greatly reduces the air ambient of interior, The respiratory health of people is influenceed, has seriously run counter to the original intention of dust catcher clean air;If just to strengthen filtering dust Effect, and set up the filter for influenceing air circulation, then as substantial amounts of dust accretions are on filter, dust is to filter Cause to block, then can largely effect on the air permeability of dust catcher, cause air-flow to be difficult to be passed to outside dust catcher through motor, on the one hand subtract The weak driving force of dust suction, is on the other hand reduced to cooling effect caused by motor, reduce motor benefits from the life-span.
In the prior art, cyclonic filter structure and filter grid structure are provided with dirt case, the air into dirt case first passes through Cyclonic filter structure, air-flow rotate at a high speed, preferentially throw away the impurity dirt body of larger particles, will not be to the filter element of secondary filter Resulted in blockage with filter bores, but interior cup is opening up structure, still understands some under the disturbance of air-flow and isolates The ash come can suck next filtering link again with air, influence separative efficiency;Also, dust falls into bottom of a cup, and bottom of a cup is still Dust dead band so be present, interior cup will remove ability thorough cleaning, cleaning inconvenience;Entered by filter bores, pod apertures and whirlwind import In multiple tornadotrons, air-flow is rotated at a high speed downwards to complete two level cyclonic filter in tornadotron along duct set outer wall;It is multistage The thin dirt that the mode of cyclonic filter can be carried secretly in high efficiency filter separation bubble;But air-flow in tornadotron along outside duct set During wall rotates at a high speed downwards, there is the cavity rotation that the air-flow of thin dirt enters between interior duct set outer wall and outer cup inner side Turn, it is necessary to which duct set, interior cup and outer cup etc. is equal when easily polluting, and cleaning on the inside of outer cup and interior cup outside Taking apart can just clean, cleaning inconvenience.
Utility model content
For weak point present in above-mentioned technology, the utility model provides a kind of gas and dust separating device and dust catcher, Interior cup cavity and the bulky grain not being thrown out of are entered by the second air inlet to store using the opening down interior cup being located in outer cup Dust, interior cup has the effect of pressure ash and cleaning is convenient;The thin dirt for falling into tornadotron is sent to collection by three-level separator after leaking dirt chamber Dirt pipe, the space between on the outside of tornadotron and on the inside of outer cup will not be polluted, the dust storage of dust leg and interior cup and clearly Wash and do not intersect;The setting of multistage cyclone separation, has preferable gas dirt separating effect.
In order to realize that the utility model is by the following technical programs according to these purposes of the present utility model and further advantage Realize:
The utility model provides a kind of gas and dust separating device, and it includes:Dirt cup, it is included with the outer cup of cavity and interior Cup, the interior cup are to be arranged on opening downly in the outer cup;The outer cup is not correspondingly provided with connected with the interior cup One air inlet and the second air inlet;The interior cup is provided with the first air outlet close to the position at top;Gas dirt separator, it includes collection Dirt funnel, the dust funnel is located on the inside of the outer cup and sealing is plugged into above the interior cup;The dust funnel is provided with Filter gate hole;First air inlet, second air inlet, first air outlet and the filtering gate hole form air-flow Path;The interior cup carries out one-level separation for the dirt body in the air-flow to being rotated into through second air inlet and stored; The filtering gate hole is used to carry out the second-order separation to the dirt body in the air-flow after the interior cup one-level separation.
Preferably, the gas dirt separator is also included to the dirt body in the air-flow after the filtering gate hole the second-order separation Carry out the three-level separator of three-level separation, it include sequentially coaxially being sealed to gas dirt separating plate above the dust funnel, Wind deflector and cyclone plate;Air-flow through the second-order separation reaches wind deflector through the gas dirt separating plate, and by the wind deflector Import in cyclone plate and enter the three-level separation of promoting the circulation of qi dirt;Dirt body after three-level separation falls on below the cyclone plate and enters the gas The cavity formed between dirt separating plate and the dust funnel.
Preferably, the gas dirt separating plate includes air-guiding hole, dust-leaking hole and the leakage dirt chamber stretched out respectively downwards and led Wind chamber;The cyclone plate has the tornadotron that extends downwardly from, and each tornadotron side, which offers whirlwind, to be entered hole, lower section and be provided with Whirlwind portals;The wind deflector, which has, extends downwardly from the first guide duct for being plugged into the air-guiding hole and positioned at described at axle center The second guide duct above first guide duct;The air-flow that second guide duct conveys first guide duct is through the whirlwind Enter hole and import the tornadotron;Wherein, it is described filtering gate hole, the wind guide chamber, the air-guiding hole, first guide duct and Second guide duct forms wind-guiding current path;The tornadotron, the dust-leaking hole and the leakage dirt chamber form leakage dirt and led to Road.
Preferably, the side of each tornadotron offers two whirlwind and enters hole;The whirlwind enters entering for hole Wind direction and the tornadotron upper edge are tangent, and two whirlwind enter hole air intake direction of rotation it is identical.
Preferably, the gas dirt separator also includes air gathering plate, and the air gathering plate is provided with the duct set extended downwardly from;Institute State duct set sealing to be plugged into above the tornadotron, annular seal space is formed between the air gathering plate and the cyclone plate.
Preferably, the medial surface of the dust funnel is cone structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, the center of the dust funnel With the dust leg extended downwardly from;The dust seal of tube is plugged into the interior cup and stretches out the interior cup to the outer bottom of a cup Portion;The dust leg and the interior cup are coaxial.
Preferably, in addition to the dust funnel seals the clamping apparatus of grafting with the interior cup, and it includes:First is convex Block, it is located at the junction of the dust funnel and the dust leg;Second projection, it is located on the dust leg;And card Groove, it is vertically arranged at inner side of the interior cup for the opening of grafting;Wherein, first projection is towards outside the dust funnel The arc that the one side of side has with splicing position matches at the top of the interior cup;Second projection be plugged into the neck and with it is described Support neck bottom.
Preferably, the wind guide chamber is several, and several described wind guide chamber annular arrangements are around the air-guiding hole; The dust-leaking hole, leakage dirt chamber, the tornadotron and second guide duct are location matches correspondence and quantity identical Several;Several described dust-leaking hole ring-types are arranged in around the air-guiding hole.
Preferably, the tornadotron is towards the vertical hollow Taper Pipe in the side of first guide duct, the whirlwind The upper end diameter of pipe is more than lower end diameter;The duct set is towards the vertical hollow-cone in the side of first guide duct Pipe, the upper end diameter of the duct set are more than lower end diameter;The length of the duct set is less than the length of the tornadotron.
The utility model also provides a kind of dust catcher, and it includes gas and dust separating device as described above.
The utility model comprises at least following beneficial effect:
1) gas and dust separating device provided by the utility model, first air inlet of the air-flow through outer cup, close to interior bottom of a cup portion Second air inlet rotates after entering in interior cup, and the thick dirt of bulky grain is in rotation process because gravity falls into the cavity of interior cup, thin dirt The first air outlet for being rotated upwardly to interior cup along interior cup wall of cup under the action of the centrifugal force is thrown away, and realizes the one-level of dust in air-flow Separation;Interior cup is opening down to be located in outer cup, is had certain pressure ash effect to the thick dirt of bulky grain, is avoided thick dirt in centrifugal force Next stage separation is again introduced under effect, reduces separative efficiency;The interior cup free from dust dead band of opening down setting, bath cleaning are Can;
2) dust funnel is located on the inside of outer cup and sealing is plugged into above interior cup;Dust funnel is provided with filtering gate hole, filtering Gate hole carries out the second-order separation and storage to the dirt body in the air-flow after one-level separation;
3) air-flow after the second-order separation of grating hole, wind guide chamber, air-guiding hole, the first guide duct and the second wind-guiding are passed sequentially through The wind-guiding current path that pipe is formed, which enters, carries out three-level separation in tornadotron, gas above tornadotron by throwing away, thin dirt falls into rotation Airduct, dust through tornadotron, dust-leaking hole and leakage dirt chamber enter in the dust leg of dust funnel, realize thin dirt, thick dirt and The classified storage of bulky grain, separating effect, the thin dirt in dust leg is less, reduces cleaning frequency, and cleaning is simple;
4) side of each tornadotron offers two whirlwind and enters hole;Whirlwind enters the air intake direction and tornadotron upper edge in hole It is tangent, and two whirlwind enter hole air intake direction of rotation it is identical, i.e., air-flow in second guide duct is by two adjacent rotations Wind inlet respectively enters two adjacent tornadotrons, and the air-flow in a tornadotron comes from two adjacent the second guide ducts, Improve the speed of air-flow separation;
5) air gathering plate includes the duct set extended downwardly from;Duct set sealing is plugged into tornadotron, air gathering plate and cyclone plate it Between form annular seal space, then the air-flow of separation is all discharged after the duct set collection of air gathering plate in tornadotron;
6) medial surface of dust funnel is cone structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, and the center of dust funnel has the collection extended downwardly from Dirt pipe;Dust leg and interior cup are coaxial, the dust seal of tube be plugged into interior cup and in stretching out cup to outer cup bottom;Avoid external air flow Enter dust leg from dust bottom of the tube and cause the disorder of air-flow.
Further advantage, target and feature of the present utility model embody part by following explanation, and part will also pass through Research of the present utility model and practice are understood by the person skilled in the art.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the cross-sectional view of gas and dust separating device described in the utility model;
Fig. 2 (a) to Fig. 2 (b) is the structural representation of interior cup described in the utility model;
Fig. 3 (a) to Fig. 3 (b) is the structural representation of dust funnel described in the utility model;
Fig. 4 (a) to Fig. 4 (b) is the structural representation of gas dirt separating plate described in the utility model;
Fig. 5 (a) to Fig. 5 (b) is the structural representation of wind deflector described in the utility model;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of cyclone plate described in the utility model;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of air gathering plate described in the utility model;
Fig. 8 is the assembling schematic diagram of cyclone plate described in the utility model and wind deflector;
Fig. 9 is the assembling signal of integrated funnel described in the utility model, gas dirt separating plate, wind deflector and cyclone plate Figure;
Figure 10 is the assembling exploded perspective view of wind deflector described in the utility model, cyclone plate and air gathering plate;
Figure 11 is the assembling of interior cup described in the utility model, integrated funnel, gas dirt separating plate, wind deflector and cyclone plate Exploded perspective view;
Figure 12 is the assembling schematic diagram that outer cup portion peels off in gas and dust separating device described in the utility model;
In figure:
10- dirt cups;
11- outer cups;The air inlets of 111- first;Covered on 112-;The air outlets of 113- second;114- air valves;
Cup in 12-;The air inlets of 121- second;The air outlets of 122- first;123- necks;
20- gas dirt separators;
21- dust funnels;
211- filters gate hole;212- dust legs;The projections of 213- first;The projections of 214- second;
The sealing rings of 215- first;
22- gas dirt separating plates;
221- air-guiding holes;222- dust-leaking holes;223- leaks dirt chamber;224- wind guide chambers;
23- cyclone plates;
231- tornadotrons;232- whirlwind enters hole;233- whirlwind portals;234- reinforcements;
24- wind deflectors;
The guide ducts of 241- first;The guide ducts of 242- second;
25- air gathering plates;251- duct sets;The sealing rings of 252- second;
26- filter cottons.
Embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, to make those skilled in the art with reference to explanation Book word can be implemented according to this.
It should be appreciated that such as " having ", "comprising" and " comprising " term used herein do not allot one or more The presence or addition of individual other elements or its combination.
Embodiment 1
(a), Fig. 2 (b), Fig. 3 (a) and Fig. 3 (b) are shown as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown, and the utility model embodiment provides one Kind gas and dust separating device, including:The gentle dirt separator 20 of dirt cup 10.Dirt cup 10 includes outer cup 11 and interior cup 12 with cavity. Interior cup 12 is to be arranged on opening downly in outer cup 11;Outer cup 11 is correspondingly provided with the first air inlet connected with interior cup 12 respectively 111 and second air inlet 121;Interior cup 12 is provided with the first air outlet 122 close to the position at top;Gas dirt separator 20 includes dust Funnel 21, dust funnel 21 is located at the inner side of outer cup 11 and sealing is plugged into the interior top of cup 12;Dust funnel 21 is provided with filtering gate hole 211;Wherein, the first air inlet 111, the second air inlet 121, the first air outlet 122 and filtering gate hole 211 form air-flow and led to Road;Interior cup 12 carries out one-level separation for the dirt body in the air-flow to being rotated into through the second air inlet 121 and stored;Filter grid Hole 211 is used to carry out the second-order separation to the dirt body in the air-flow after the separation of the interior one-level of cup 12.
In above-mentioned embodiment, the process of one-level separation and the second-order separation is:Dust funnel 21 is located at outer cup in funnel-form 11 inner sides and sealing are plugged into the interior top of cup 12, therefore, the filter grid of the inner side of outer cup 11, the outside of interior cup 12 and dust funnel 21 211 formed below first air inlets 111 and the second air inlet 121 with connection in hole are for import, to filter gate hole 211 One annular seal space of mouth, then in the presence of being evacuated power set in the external world, air-flow enters from the first air inlet 111 of connection and second Air port 121 enters in the cavity of interior cup 12, because interior cup 12 to be opening down is arranged on the inner side of outer cup 11, therefore, interior cup Top, by certain suppression, avoids bulky grain dust in the work of centrifugal force to the dust of bulky grain in the air-flow of high speed rotation Next stage separation is again introduced under and influences separative efficiency;Under the mating reaction of gravity, cup 12 including bulky grain dust falls Cavity in complete one-level separation.Thick dirt after one-level separation enters the interior outside of cup 12, filter grid by the first air outlet 122 In the cavity of the lower section of hole 211 and the inner side of outer cup 11, the air-flow with thick dirt is flowed out with complete through high speed rotation by grating hole 211 Into the second-order separation of filtering gate hole 211.The one-level separation of interior cup 12, avoids blocking of the bulky grain dust to filtering gate hole 211; The second-order separation of filtering gate hole 211 further filters out a part of thick dirt in air-flow.Therefore, interior cup 12 is downward opening sets Put, relative to the setting of common opening direction, there is certain pressure ash effect;Dust is accommodated in the cavity of the lower section of cup 12, Free from dust dead band, it is easy to clean;Also, one-level separates and the setting of the second-order separation, and classification point is carried out to different size of dust From and storage, be easy to the classification of cup 12 and dust funnel 21 in the later stage to clear up.Preferably, filtering gate hole 211 is in vertical bar shape, if Dry filtering gate hole 211 is evenly arranged in around dust funnel 21, is easy to the air-flow that the first air outlet 122 comes out to be revolved in high speed Turn lower to disperse to filter by each filtering gate hole 211, improve filter efficiency.
As another embodiment of the present utility model, gas dirt separator 20 also includes to the filtered two level of gate hole 211 Dirt body in air-flow after separation carries out the three-level separator of three-level separation, and it includes sequentially coaxially being sealed to dust funnel 21 Gas dirt separating plate 22, wind deflector 24 and the cyclone plate 23 of top;Air-flow through the second-order separation reaches through gas dirt separating plate 22 Wind deflector 24, and the three-level separation of entering promoting the circulation of qi dirt is imported in cyclone plate 23 by wind deflector 24;Dirt body after three-level separation falls on rotation The lower section of aerofoil 23 simultaneously enters between gas dirt separating plate 22 and dust funnel 21 cavity formed.In the embodiment, due to wind-guiding Plate 24 and cyclone plate 23 are respectively positioned on the top of dust funnel 21, and therefore, the high speed swirling eddy after the second-order separation enters dust funnel The wind deflector 24 of 21 tops, and imported by wind deflector 24 in the cyclone plate 23 to the separation of gas dirt three-level, wind deflector 24, which serves, leads To effect.Because dust funnel 21, gas dirt separating plate 22, wind deflector 24 and cyclone plate 23 are co-axial seals, then two level Air-flow after separation is through gas dirt separating plate 22 reaches wind deflector 24, air-flow is imported in cyclone plate 23 by wind deflector 24 and enters promoting the circulation of qi dirt Three-level separation, the dirt body after three-level separation falls on the lower section of cyclone plate 23 and enters between gas dirt separating plate 22 and dust funnel 21 During the cavity of formation, the dirt body in air-flow is all the time in dust funnel 21, gas dirt separating plate 22, wind deflector 24 and whirlwind The internal operations of plate 23 are simultaneously finally accommodated in the cavity formed between gas dirt separating plate 22 and dust funnel 21, are not introduced into collection Cavity between dirt funnel 21, gas dirt separating plate 22, wind deflector 24 and the outside of cyclone plate 23 and the inwall of outer cup 11, therefore, Cleaning only needs to rinse dust funnel 21, gas dirt separating plate 22, wind deflector 24 and the inside of cyclone plate 23, dust funnel 21st, the cavity between gas dirt separating plate 22, the outside of wind deflector 24 and cyclone plate 23 and the inwall of outer cup 11 is clean.This reality The three-level separation that the mode of applying provides, is further separated to the trickle dirt body in the air-flow after the second-order separation, improves gas dirt point From effect.
As a kind of above-mentioned embodiment, three-level separator includes:Gas dirt separating plate 22, such as Fig. 4 (a) to figure Shown in 4 (b), it includes air-guiding hole 221, dust-leaking hole 222 and the leakage dirt chamber 223 and wind guide chamber 224 stretched out respectively downwards;Wind-guiding Hole 221 is located at the axle center of gas dirt separating plate 22;Cyclone plate 23, as shown in fig. 6, it has the tornadotron 231, Mei Gexuan extended downwardly from The side of airduct 231, which offers whirlwind, to be entered hole 232, lower section and portals 233 provided with whirlwind;Wind deflector 24, such as Fig. 5 (a) to Fig. 5 (b) institutes Show, it, which has, extends downwardly from the first guide duct 241 for being plugged into air-guiding hole 221 and on the first guide duct 241 at axle center Second guide duct 242 of side;The air-flow that first guide duct 241 conveys is entered hole 232 through whirlwind and imports whirlwind by the second guide duct 242 Pipe 231;Gate hole 211, wind guide chamber 224, air-guiding hole 221, the first guide duct 241 and the second guide duct 242 is wherein filtered to be formed Wind-guiding current path;Tornadotron 231, dust-leaking hole 222 and leakage dirt chamber 223 form leakage dirt path.Figure 11 gives interior cup 12, collection Into the assembling exploded perspective view of funnel 21, gas dirt separating plate 22, wind deflector 24 and cyclone plate 22.
In above-mentioned embodiment, from the lower section of cyclone plate 23, matching sealing is plugged into cyclone plate 23 to wind deflector 24, seals grafting And it need to meet that the air-flow in the second guide duct 242 can be entered hole 232 by whirlwind and enter whirlwind under the circumference of the high-speed rotation Three-level separation is carried out in pipe 231.The cyclone plate 23 and wind deflector 24 for sealing grafting are entered by the first guide duct 241 of wind deflector 24 The sealing of one step is plugged into the air-guiding hole 221 of gas dirt separating plate 22.Fig. 8 is the assembling schematic diagram of cyclone plate 23 and wind deflector 24; Fig. 9 is the assembling schematic diagram of integrated funnel 21, gas dirt separating plate 22, wind deflector 24 and cyclone plate 23.Three-level separator Three-level separation process is:Air-flow after the second-order separation, pass sequentially through wind guide chamber 224, air-guiding hole 221, the first guide duct 241 with And second guide duct 242 formed wind-guiding current path through whirlwind enter hole 232 enter tornadotron 231 in carry out three-level separation:Gas Body is by the top of tornadotron 231 is thrown away, thin dirt is fallen into tornadotron 231;Thin dirt is in the presence of high speed rotation and gravity through rotation Airduct 231, dust-leaking hole 222 and leakage dirt chamber 223 enter and storage are realized in dust funnel 21.In the embodiment, thin dirt leads to Cross tornadotron 231, dust-leaking hole 222 and leakage dirt chamber 223 and enter dust funnel 21, then, thin dirt will not enter dust funnel In sealing space between 21 tops, the lower section of cyclone plate 23 and outer cup 11, the later stage is facilitated to clean;One-level separation, the second-order separation And three-level separates the multistage cyclone separate mode to be formed, the efficiency of gas dirt separation is improved.
As the preferred of above-mentioned embodiment, as shown in fig. 6, the side of each tornadotron 231 offers two whirlwind and entered Hole 232;Whirlwind enter hole 232 air intake direction and the upper edge of tornadotron 231 it is tangent, and two whirlwind enter the air intake direction of rotation in hole It is identical.More specifically, enter in hole 232 one of two whirlwind is close to the edge of cyclone plate 23, another is close to cyclone plate 23 Center, two whirlwind differ 180 degree between entering hole 232.Two whirlwind enter the setting of hole 232 and its position, for ensureing whirlwind The intake velocity of pipe 231.Arrow in Fig. 6 is used to indicate that a tornadotron 231 enters the air intake of hole 232 by two adjacent whirlwind Air-flow points to.
As another embodiment of the present utility model, as shown in fig. 7, gas dirt separator 20 also includes air gathering plate 25, Air gathering plate 25 is provided with the duct set 251 extended downwardly from;The sealing of duct set 251 is plugged into the top of tornadotron 231, air gathering plate 25 and rotation Annular seal space is formed between aerofoil 23.By the cooperation of duct set 251 and the top of tornadotron 231, the air-flow after three-level is separated is received Collect in duct set 251.Figure 10 gives the assembling exploded perspective view of wind deflector 24, cyclone plate 23 and air gathering plate 25.
As another embodiment of the present utility model, as shown in figure 1, gas dirt separator 20 also includes filter cotton 26, Filter cotton 26 is arranged at the top of air gathering plate 25.Filter cotton 26 is used to carry out level Four separating and filtering to the air-flow that duct set 251 is collected, Further improve the efficiency of gas dirt separation.
As a kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, as shown in Fig. 3 (a) and Fig. 3 (b), dust funnel 21 it is interior Side is cone structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, and the center of dust funnel 21 has the dust leg 212 extended downwardly from;Dust leg 212 is close Envelope be plugged into interior cup 12 and in stretching out cup 12 to the bottom of outer cup 11;Dust leg 212 and interior cup 12 are coaxial.In the embodiment, Cone structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, it is easy to the air-flow that the first air outlet 122 comes out to disperse in the case where high speed rotates uniform by several The filtering gate hole 211 being arranged in around dust funnel 21 filters, and improves filter efficiency;Meanwhile cone structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom After reaching dust funnel 21 by tornadotron 231, dust-leaking hole 222 and leakage dirt chamber 223 beneficial to thin dirt, it is collected in dust leg In 212.Several are evenly arranged in filtering gate hole 211 around dust funnel 21 and dust funnel 21 is coaxial, along with collection Dirt pipe 212 and interior cup 12 are coaxial;Rotated beneficial to the accessible high-speed silent of air-flow.The sealing of dust leg 212 is plugged into interior cup 12 And cup 12 to the bottom of outer cup 11, avoids under the high velocity air including the thin dirt in dust leg 212 in cup 12 drives in stretching out The cavity for entering interior cup 12 continues to separate.
As above-mentioned preferable more specific embodiment, as shown in Fig. 2 (b), Fig. 3 (a) and Fig. 3 (b), gas dirt separation dress Putting also includes dust funnel 21 and the clamping apparatus of interior cup 12 sealing grafting, and clamping apparatus includes:First projection 213, it is located at The junction of dust funnel 21 and dust leg 212;Second projection 214, it is located on dust leg;And neck 123, its is vertical It is arranged at inner side of the interior cup 12 for the opening of grafting;Wherein, the first projection 213 towards the one side in the outside of dust funnel 21 have with The arc of the interior top splicing position matching of cup 12;Second projection 214 is plugged into neck 123 and supported with the bottom of neck 123.The implementation In mode, dust funnel 21 is that dust funnel 21 is inserted from the interior top of cup 12 for the opening of grafting with interior cup 12 sealing grafting process Entering, the second projection 214 slides in neck 123, until the second projection 214 is supported with the bottom of neck 123, and at the same time, first Projection 213 is matched with the interior top splicing position of cup 12 towards the one side in the outside of dust funnel 21 and supported.Clamping apparatus is dust funnel Sealing grafting offer between 21 and interior cup is possible, avoids the lower section of dust funnel 21, the top of interior cup 12 and the inner side shape of outer cup 11 Into cavity, interior cup 12 cavity and dust leg 212 in three cavitys of cavity between air-flow intersect run helter-skelter, be also beneficial to Improve the efficiency of gas dirt separation.Preferably, the second projection 214 is along grafting direction structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, corresponding neck 123 groove-like structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom to match.Structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, neck is plugged into downwards beneficial to the second projection 214 123.Second projection 214 can be inverted triangle or inverted right-angled trapezium, and Fig. 9 gives the second projection 214 For the example of inverted triangle.
As a kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, wind guide chamber 224 is several, several wind guide chambers 224 annular arrangements are around air-guiding hole 221;Dust-leaking hole 222, leakage dirt chamber 223, the guide duct 242 of tornadotron 231 and second are position Put that matching is corresponding and quantity identical several;Several ring-types of dust-leaking hole 222 are arranged in around air-guiding hole 221.The embodiment party In formula, the air-flow that the first air outlet 122 is thrown away enters respectively after disperseing to filter by several filtering gate hole 211 under high speed rotates Enter several wind guide chambers 224 and be pooled in the air-guiding hole 221 in the axle center of gas dirt separating plate 22;Entered again by air-guiding hole 221 After first guide duct 241 of wind deflector 24, several the second guide ducts 242 are distributed to;Negative pressure and at a high speed rotation cause guide duct 242 air-flow enters in the tornadotron 231 of hole 232 through whirlwind, and several tornadotrons 231 carry out three-level separation simultaneously, thin after separation Dirt respectively by several tornadotrons 231 enter corresponding to the collection of dust funnel 21 is pooled to after dust-leaking hole 222, leakage dirt chamber 223 In dirt pipe 212, the efficiency of gas dirt separation.
As a kind of preferred embodiment of the present utility model, as shown in Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8 and Figure 10, tornadotron 231 be to be more than lower end diameter towards the vertical hollow Taper Pipe in the side of the first guide duct 241, the upper end diameter of tornadotron 231;Collection Airduct 251 is straight more than lower end towards the vertical hollow Taper Pipe in the side of the first guide duct 241, the upper end diameter of duct set 251 Footpath;The length of duct set 251 is less than the length of tornadotron.The shapes and sizes matching sealing of duct set 251 is plugged into tornadotron 231.Duct set 251 is preferably concentric with tornadotron 231.The tornadotron 231 and duct set 251 of hollow Taper Pipe are coaxial, Separated beneficial to gas dirt, and the state that the dirt body after separation keeps being rotated down at a high speed drops to dust funnel 21 through tornadotron 231 Dust leg 212 in.As further preferred, tornadotron 231 and duct set 251 be respectively adopted matching upper periphery add it is lower fall The structure of the conical surface, the separation of gas dirt can be better achieved.As optimal embodiment, the side of the non-perpendicular side in the lower section of tornadotron 231 Provided with vertical reinforcement 234.The vertical stand of reinforcement 234 is set on gas dirt separating plate 22, for supporting cyclone plate 23.
As another embodiment of the present utility model, outer cup 11 and dust funnel 21, gas dirt separating plate 22, cyclone plate 23rd, between wind deflector 24, air gathering plate 25 and filter cotton 26 be sealing installation.Specially:Dust funnel 21 and gas dirt point First it is fixedly mounted between plate 22, the mode of fixed installation, which includes but is not limited to adopt, to be screwed;Dust after fixed installation The edge at the edge of funnel 21 and gas dirt separating plate 22 is tightly connected by the first sealing ring 215;Sealing ring 215 and outer cup 11 Madial wall is bonded.First it is fixedly mounted between wind deflector 24, cyclone plate 23 and air gathering plate 25, the mode of fixed installation is included but not It is limited to adopt and is screwed;After fixed installation, the edge at the edge of wind deflector 24, the edge of cyclone plate 23 and air gathering plate 25 with And the edge of filter cotton 26 is tightly connected by the second sealing ring 252;Second sealing ring 252 is bonded with the madial wall of outer cup 11, Such as Fig. 1 and as shown in figure 12,
The gas and dust separating device that the utility model embodiment provides, separated by the Multi-stage rotary of one-level to level Four, to gas Various sizes of dust carries out taxonomic revision, gas dirt good separating effect in stream.Interior cup 12 is set on mouth down, stores dust Meanwhile free from dust dead band, cleaning facility.During air-flow after the second-order separation separates through three-level separator, in air-flow Dust drops through tornadotron 231, led to successively after the tornadotron 231 of gas dirt separating plate 22, wind deflector 24 to cyclone plate 23 separates Cross dust-leaking hole 222, leakage dirt chamber 223 is entered in the dust leg 212 of dust funnel 21, the top of gas dirt separating plate 22, cyclone plate 23 Outside, the outside of wind deflector 24, the lower section of air gathering plate 25 and the cavity with being formed on the inside of outer cup 11 are clean cavity, without cleaning. During cleaning, outer cup 11 is opened, the bulky grain dust in the interior cavity of cup 12 can facilitate export, and interior cup 12 is directly rinsed with water; Dust funnel 21 without being removed from interior cup 12, direct washing and filtering gate hole 211 and including falling the outside of cup 12 thick dirt; What is stored in dust leg 212 is the thin dirt of small volume, therefore, direct water punching, and and without often rinsing, reduce cleaning Frequency.
Embodiment 2
On the basis of embodiment 1, the present embodiment provides a kind of dust suction of the gas and dust separating device comprising described in embodiment 1 Device.Dust catcher is provided with motor and its housing, gas and dust separating device and floor mop.Wherein, pumping power dress is provided with electric machine casing Put, electric machine casing is provided with gas access and gas vent;There is the top of outer cup 11 closure to be set to air gathering plate 25 and filter cotton The upper lid 112 of 26 tops, upper lid 112 are provided with the second air outlet 113.Then, the second air outlet 113 and electric machine casing of upper lid 112 Gas access connection;Scrubbing brush is communicated to the first air inlet 111 of the outer cup 11 of gas and dust separating device by connector.
The process that dust catcher uses is:Power set and power on will be evacuated, holds scrubbing brush, pumping power set are at a high speed Rotation, scrubbing brush is set to be inhaled into gas dirt by scrubbing brush with forming environment under low pressure, the air stream of flooring in gas and dust separating device Separator and larger dirt body is then adsorbed and painted on ground, realize the separation of primary gas dirt.First air inlet of the air stream from connection 11 and second air inlet 121 enter the interior internal rotation of cup 12 to carry out one-level separation;The filtering gate hole that air-flow passes through dust funnel 21 211 to realize the second-order separation, and air-flow passes sequentially through wind guide chamber 224, air-guiding hole 221, the first guide duct 241 and the second guide duct 242 reach tornadotron 231 to realize that three-level separates.Gas after three-level separation rotates into duct set from the high speed of tornadotron 231 251 collect, after the separation of the level Four of filter cotton 26, throw away clean air by the second gas outlet 113 of upper lid 112 and enter motor casing In vivo, motor is flowed through to electric motor temperature reduction, finally comes back to the external world from the gas vent discharge of electric machine casing.
In above-mentioned embodiment, in order to avoid gas and dust separating device blocking, situation of the power set in high-speed rotation is evacuated Downstream still can not throw away the second air outlet 113 to electric motor temperature reduction, then motor may damage because generating heat excessively, reduction motor Service life.Therefore, being provided with air valve 114 in upper lid 112, air valve is communicated with the through hole of the second air outlet 113, when Gas and dust separating device blocks, and the pressure of upper lid 112 is low to a certain extent, and air valve 14 is rushed to open, through hole and the second air-out Mouth 113 connects, and extraneous air enters upper lid 112 by through hole, then it is electric motor temperature reduction to enter motor by the second air outlet 113.
The dust catcher that the utility model embodiment provides uses gas and dust separating device as described in Example 1, multistage cyclone Separation, gas dirt good separating effect, and the cleaning work of dust catcher is simple, suitable for promoting the use of.
Although embodiment of the present utility model is disclosed as above, it is not restricted in specification and embodiment Listed utilization.It can be applied to various suitable fields of the present utility model completely.For those skilled in the art Other modification is easily achieved.Therefore under the universal limited without departing substantially from claim and equivalency range, this reality Specific details is not limited to new and shown here as the legend with description.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. gas and dust separating device, it is characterised in that including:
    Dirt cup (10), it includes outer cup (11) and interior cup (12) with cavity, and the interior cup (12) is to set opening downly In the outer cup (11);The outer cup (11) is correspondingly provided with the first air inlet (111) connected with the interior cup (12) respectively With the second air inlet (121);The interior cup (12) is provided with the first air outlet (122) close to the position at top;
    Gas dirt separator (20), it includes dust funnel (21), the dust funnel (21) be located on the inside of the outer cup (11) and Sealing is plugged into above the interior cup (12);The dust funnel (21) is provided with filtering gate hole (211);
    Wherein, first air inlet (111), second air inlet (121), first air outlet (122) and described Filter gate hole (211) and form current path;
    The interior cup (12) carries out one-level separation for the dirt body in the air-flow to being rotated into through second air inlet (121) And store;The filtering gate hole (211) is used to carry out two level to the dirt body in the air-flow after interior cup (12) the one-level separation Separation.
  2. 2. gas and dust separating device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the gas dirt separator (20) also includes to through institute The three-level separator that the dirt body in the air-flow after filtering gate hole (211) the second-order separation carries out three-level separation is stated, it is included successively Gas dirt separating plate (22), wind deflector (24) and cyclone plate (23) above co-axial seal to the dust funnel (21);
    Air-flow through the second-order separation reaches wind deflector (24) through the gas dirt separating plate (22), and is led by the wind deflector (24) Enter to enter in cyclone plate (23) the three-level separation of promoting the circulation of qi dirt;Dirt body after three-level separation falls on below the cyclone plate (23) and entered The cavity formed between the gas dirt separating plate (22) and the dust funnel (21).
  3. 3. gas and dust separating device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that
    The gas dirt separating plate (22) includes air-guiding hole (221), dust-leaking hole (222) and the leakage dirt chamber stretched out respectively downwards And wind guide chamber (224) (223);
    The cyclone plate (23) has the tornadotron (231) extended downwardly from, and each tornadotron (231) side offers whirlwind Enter hole (232), lower section is portalled (233) provided with whirlwind;
    The wind deflector (24) have extend downwardly from being plugged at axle center the first guide duct (241) of the air-guiding hole (221) with And the second guide duct (242) above first guide duct (241);Second guide duct (242) is by described first The air-flow of guide duct (241) conveying enters hole (232) through the whirlwind and imports the tornadotron (231);
    Wherein, the filtering gate hole (211), the wind guide chamber (224), the air-guiding hole (221), first guide duct (241) and second guide duct (242) forms wind-guiding current path;
    The tornadotron (231), the dust-leaking hole (222) and the leakage dirt chamber (223) form leakage dirt path.
  4. 4. gas and dust separating device as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the side of each tornadotron (231) opens up There are two whirlwind to enter hole (232);The whirlwind enters air intake direction and the tornadotron (231) upper edge phase in hole (232) Cut, and two whirlwind enter hole (232) air intake direction of rotation it is identical.
  5. 5. gas and dust separating device as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the gas dirt separator (20) also includes air gathering plate (25), the air gathering plate (25) is provided with the duct set (251) extended downwardly from;Duct set (251) sealing is plugged into the rotation Above airduct (231), annular seal space is formed between the air gathering plate (25) and the cyclone plate (23).
  6. 6. such as the gas and dust separating device any one of claim 1-5, it is characterised in that the dust funnel (21) it is interior Side is cone structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, and the center of the dust funnel (21) has the dust leg (212) extended downwardly from;It is described Dust leg (212) sealing is plugged into the interior cup (12) and stretches out the interior cup (12) to the outer cup (11) bottom;It is described Dust leg (212) and the interior cup (12) are coaxial.
  7. 7. gas and dust separating device as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that also including the dust funnel (21) with it is described interior The clamping apparatus of cup (12) sealing grafting, it includes:
    First projection (213), it is located at the junction of the dust funnel (21) and the dust leg (212);
    Second projection (214), it is located on the dust leg (212);And
    Neck (123), it is vertically arranged at inner side of the interior cup (12) for the opening of grafting;
    Wherein, first projection (213) has towards the one side on the outside of the dust funnel (21) and pushed up with the interior cup (12) The arc of portion's splicing position matching;
    Second projection (214) is plugged into the neck (123) and supported with the neck (123) bottom.
  8. 8. gas and dust separating device as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that
    The wind guide chamber (224) is several, and several described wind guide chamber (224) annular arrangements are in the air-guiding hole (221) week Enclose;
    The dust-leaking hole (222), leakage dirt chamber (223), the tornadotron (231) and second guide duct (242) are Location matches are corresponding and quantity identical several;
    Several described dust-leaking hole (222) ring-types are arranged in around the air-guiding hole (221).
  9. 9. gas and dust separating device as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that
    The tornadotron (231) is towards the vertical hollow Taper Pipe in the side of first guide duct (261), the tornadotron (231) upper end diameter is more than lower end diameter;
    The duct set (251) is towards the vertical hollow Taper Pipe in the side of first guide duct (261), the duct set (251) upper end diameter is more than lower end diameter;The length of the duct set (251) is less than the length of the tornadotron (231).
  10. 10. a kind of dust catcher, it is characterised in that including gas and dust separating device as claimed in any one of claims 1-9 wherein.
CN201621250375.4U 2016-11-15 2016-11-15 Gas and dust separating device and dust catcher Withdrawn - After Issue CN206651798U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621250375.4U CN206651798U (en) 2016-11-15 2016-11-15 Gas and dust separating device and dust catcher

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621250375.4U CN206651798U (en) 2016-11-15 2016-11-15 Gas and dust separating device and dust catcher

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206651798U true CN206651798U (en) 2017-11-21

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201621250375.4U Withdrawn - After Issue CN206651798U (en) 2016-11-15 2016-11-15 Gas and dust separating device and dust catcher

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206651798U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106308681A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-01-11 苏州海歌电器科技有限公司 Air dust separation device and dust collector

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106308681A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-01-11 苏州海歌电器科技有限公司 Air dust separation device and dust collector
CN106308681B (en) * 2016-11-15 2022-04-01 苏州海歌电器科技有限公司 Gas-dust separation device and dust collector

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