CN206651385U - A kind of high-efficiency vertical wind subset - Google Patents

A kind of high-efficiency vertical wind subset Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206651385U
CN206651385U CN201720369000.8U CN201720369000U CN206651385U CN 206651385 U CN206651385 U CN 206651385U CN 201720369000 U CN201720369000 U CN 201720369000U CN 206651385 U CN206651385 U CN 206651385U
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China
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wind
malleation
conveying pipe
negative pressure
pressure
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CN201720369000.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陆俊平
刘�文
王爽
谢凌云
李建荣
尹坚
沈信权
张庆卡
杨军
陈江生
金龙
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Hongta Tobacco Group Co Ltd
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Hongta Tobacco Group Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of high-efficiency vertical wind subset, by double, three malleation wind sorting machines, simple in construction, easy care, shortens material air-separating process, so as to reduce temperature of charge, moisture scatter and disappear, it is broken to reduce making for material.This equipment changes traditional wind dispensing apparatus and process, and that reduces the blade containing stalk beats leaf number, while feeding is uniform, improves big or middle rate of discharging smoked sheet, improves the availability of offal.The equipment transmission power is small, greatly reduces energy consumption and optimizes utilization of area rate.

Description

A kind of high-efficiency vertical wind subset
Technical field
A kind of high-efficiency vertical wind subset is the utility model is related to, specifically tobacco leaf, offal are realized and vertical make leaf, wind score Processing equipment and technique, belong to the beating and double roasting equipment technical field of tobacco.
Background technology
At present in the beating and double roasting process of manufacture that typically uses of the country, tobacco leaf is realized under effect in tearing off for threshing machine The separation of smoked sheet, offal, smoked sheet, offal mixture after separation are transported to the pneumatic separating that wind sorting machine carries out smoked sheet.
Domestic wind dispensing production technology is:After smoked sheet, offal mixture after one-level (four) threshing machine collect, Five wind point, the discharging of smoked sheet are carried out by five wind sorting machines being serially connected again, if also having leaf to obstruct unsegregated cigarette after discharging Leaf, again by leaf obstruct unsegregated tobacco leaf be transported to next stage threshing machine repeat beat.After multistage makes leaf and multiple wind score Qualified smoked sheet, offal are sub-elected, the conveying of wherein material is to send dress using the wind being made up of conveying fan, feeder, airduct Put progress.
The technique is in wind model and winnowing process because sorting number (wind separating bin quantity) is excessively leafy and the moisture of stalk It is lost in larger, temperature drop rate is fast, while sorting often causes tobacco leaf, offal and plant equipment frictional impact to increase, and makes The Percentage of large and middle size strips of smoked sheet declines, and broken rate increases, and the offal left after wind point is just concentrated out after flowing through whole threshing machines, wind sorting machine Material, reduce the availability of offal;Meanwhile exogenous wind air-supply arrangement is excessive, cause fan energy consumption higher, conveying stability is poor, easily There is resistance material phenomenon.
Traditional wind subset group is often bulky, and degree of integration is low, cause occupied ground area is big, equipment noise is big, Wind divides the problems such as ineffective.
Utility model content
The defects of the purpose of this utility model is aiming at traditional wind subset group technique, there is provided a kind of energy-efficient Vertical hot air subset.Traditional redrying wind dispensing process series winding technological process can be changed by using this equipment, after raising is beaten Blade Percentage of large and middle size strips, reduce energy consumption, reduce equipment group volume, resource consolidation degree height.
Specifically, what the utility model was realized in:A kind of high-efficiency vertical wind subset, including support (1a), warehouse (2a) and its wind cabin (5b), the groove that shakes of wind cabin (5b) bottom is placed in, conveyer belt below the groove that shakes and positioned at conveying end of tape Stalk material outlet (5p), the charging aperture (5a) being opened at the top of wind cabin (5b), offer in the side side wall of wind cabin (5b) vertical Two malleation wind conveying pipes of height bit distribution, wind cabin (5b) are perpendicular in being offered where malleation wind conveying pipe in the side wall of the opposite in face To two negative pressure conveying pipelines of height bit distribution, the level height of high-order malleation wind conveying pipe (5c) is higher than high-order negative pressure conveying pipeline The level height of (5f), low level malleation wind conveying pipe (5g) is higher than low level negative pressure conveying pipeline (5j);High-order malleation wind conveying pipe (5c) Air-out air pressure is less than the air-out air pressure of low level malleation wind conveying pipe (5g), and the section of warehouse (2a) be in sail shape, malleation wind conveying pipe place Warehouse (2a) side wall of side be vertical plane, warehouse (2a) side wall of the side where negative pressure conveying pipeline for curved surface and it is upper it is narrow under Wide inclined face, it is that standard is big that pressure value in wind cabin (5b) space between a nearest negative pressure feeding pipe is arrived in the groove surface that shakes Atmospheric pressure value.
Further, middle position malleation wind conveying pipe (5q), shape are also included between two malleation wind conveying pipes of height bit distribution Into high, normal, basic three malleation wind conveying pipes, also include middle position negative pressure conveying pipeline between the high-low-position negative pressure conveying pipeline (5j) (5r), forms high, normal, basic three negative pressure conveying pipelines, and the level height of middle position malleation wind conveying pipe (5q) is higher than middle position negative pressure conveying pipeline The level height of (5r), the air-out air pressure of high-order malleation wind conveying pipe (5c) are less than the air-out air pressure of the malleation wind conveying pipe of middle position, in The air-out air pressure of the malleation wind conveying pipe of position is less than the air-out air pressure of low level malleation wind conveying pipe (5g).
Further, at the lower end of warehouse (2a) side wall of the side where malleation wind conveying pipe, the top setting for the groove that shakes Have for adjusting the air door of wind sorting machine air pressure inside (5k),
Further, the damping sheet (5d) with mesh, the resistance with mesh are mounted on the malleation wind conveying pipe road Buddhist nun's plate (5d) is using in the installation of pull chute-type and malleation wind conveying pipe road.
Further, in the presence of -15~10cm's between the negative pressure feeding pipe of the malleation wind conveying pipe road corresponding thereto Difference in height.
Further, the malleation wind conveying pipe road and negative pressure feeding pipe are respectively provided with inclination angle, the inclination angle in malleation wind conveying pipe road Between scope is 0~15 °, between the scope at the inclination angle of negative pressure feeding pipe is 165~0 °.
Further, the small 100~2100Pa of pressure ratio standard atmospheric pressure of the negative pressure feeding pipe, malleation wind conveying pipe road Wind separating bin pressure at inlet is bigger 100~2000Pa than standard atmospheric pressure.
Operation principle introduction of the present utility model:Support (1a) is used to support that to erect wind subset overall, during actual use, The material of wind point is needed to enter from charging aperture (5a) in wind cabin (5b), malleation wind is provided by blower fan or dedusting room, and malleation wind passes through High-order malleation wind conveying pipe (5c) and low level malleation wind conveying pipe (5g) are had respectively entered in wind cabin (5b), high-order malleation wind conveying pipe (5c) One wind pressure is provided from the side of the transverse and acts on material, the blast of high-order malleation wind conveying pipe (5c) is relatively low, but wind speed enough will Broken cigarette, dust and cigarette ash in material blow and taken away, the malleation wind of broken cigarette, dust and cigarette ash in high-order malleation wind conveying pipe (5c) The lower transverse shifting of effect, is discharged from the high-order negative pressure conveying pipeline (5f) to side of high-order malleation wind conveying pipe (5c);It is remaining Material is that the bigger tobacco leaf of proportion and offal (5m) or tobacco leaf band stalk leaf mixture (5i) then continue to move down in wind separating bin, and Touch the malleation wind from low level malleation wind conveying pipe (5g) to act on, the blast and wind speed of malleation wind enough will be big in material Piece, middle, small pieces tobacco leaf and tobacco stem and leaf are blown and taken away, and tobacco leaf material is under the malleation wind effect of low level malleation wind conveying pipe (5g) Discharged from low level negative pressure conveying pipeline (5j), the bigger offal of proportion (5m) is now there remains in material, offal (5m), which falls, to shake Expect outlet (5p) discharge on groove and from stalk;The level height of malleation wind conveying pipe is above negative pressure conveying pipeline, is because material is just Need to carry out under pressure wind effect it is traversing, but because the effect of gravity and inertia is not keep level in its folding process, but Parabolically or tilt line tracking motion, the section of warehouse (2a) is in sail shape, the warehouse (2a) of the side where malleation wind conveying pipe Side wall is vertical plane, and warehouse (2a) side wall of the side where negative pressure conveying pipeline is curved surface and up-narrow and down-wide inclined face, vertically The air intake direction in face ensures that the stream pressure in wind cabin (5b) continues and keeps continuity, is easy to fortune of the material in wind cabin (5b) Dynamic regularization, up-narrow and down-wide inclined face, enable to deployment conditions of wind cabin (5b) body (2a) product with material in storehouse unified, The maximum utilizationization to space in storehouse is improved, meanwhile, the size distribution situation of air pressure in storehouse is also corresponded to, ensures the enough of air pressure wind Reasonable in demand and power consumption, when offal (5m) falls in the groove that shakes, the environment for the groove that ensures to shake is normal atmosphere (An) value, Neng Goubao Demonstrate,prove the normal discharge of offal (5m);Negative pressure wind is provided by dedusting room;
The position of middle position malleation wind conveying pipe (5q) is placed between high-order, low level malleation wind conveying pipe, and the purpose is to export to close Lattice tobacco leaf, i.e. small pieces, middle, large stretch of tobacco leaf, remaining offal (5m) and with stalk tobacco leaf, then entered by low level malleation wind conveying pipe (5g) Row output, now form and the broken cigarette of dust, qualified tobacco leaf are completed in same storehouse, needs further to carry out the band stalk of wind dispensing The wind of tobacco leaf divides transportation work, therefore reduces the processing procedure of material, reduces the brought into physical contact in material processing procedure Caused by make it is broken, so as to improve wind component efficiency and wind sub-prime amount;
Air door (5k) is used to adjust the air pressure inside wind sorting machine;
The pressure balance face for the negative pressure wind that the malleation wind and negative pressure feeding pipe that corresponding malleation wind conveying pipe road provides provide Position adjustment is realized by adjusting damping sheet respectively, by replacing the damping sheet in malleation wind conveying pipe road, can be adjusted respectively The malleation wind speed in three malleation wind conveying pipe roads, the wind section for making to sort pipeline corresponding to three pairs is in different blast and wind speed;So as to Make to be in different pressures in wind separating bin;Damping sheet is installed using pull chute, can be easy to stable regulation operation.
- 15~10cm difference in height between the negative pressure feeding pipe of the malleation wind conveying pipe road corresponding thereto be present.Protect Holding can form most that smoothly material is defeated between the negative pressure feeding pipe of malleation wind conveying pipe road corresponding thereto in the difference in height The continuity and stability sent;
When the connection configuration of the production line of reality, pipeline allows to be obliquely installed;The pressure of the negative pressure feeding pipe Power is smaller 100~2100Pa than standard atmospheric pressure, and malleation wind conveying pipe road wind separating bin pressure at inlet is bigger than standard atmospheric pressure by 100~ 2000Pa;The patency of equipment operation can be ensured between the atmospheric pressure value in the slant range;
The utility model has the advantage that:
1st, using new wind pressure type (three malleation wind sorting machines) wind sorting machine, simple in construction, easy care, material air-separating mistake is shortened Journey, so as to reduce temperature of charge, moisture scatter and disappear, it is broken to reduce making for material.
2nd, the application of this equipment changes traditional wind dispensing apparatus and process layout, flow, threshing machine and wind sorting machine Fit system can be neatly designed, and that reduces the blade containing stalk beats leaf number, while feeding is uniform, improves discharging smoked sheet Big or middle rate, improve offal (5m) availability.
3rd, transmission power of the present utility model is small, greatly reduces energy consumption and optimizes utilization of area rate.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is traditional beating and double roasting process schematic flow sheet;
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation of high-efficiency vertical wind subset;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the high-efficiency vertical wind subset of three malleation wind conveying pipes;
Fig. 4 is the wind dispensing process chart using high-efficiency vertical wind subset;
Wherein:Scraper plate feeding machine (1), support (1a), bin type feeding machine (2), warehouse (2a), ratio feeding machine (3a), One-level threshing machine group (3), conveyer belt (4,13,24,31), double malleation wind sorting machines (5), charging aperture (5a), wind cabin (5b), a high position are just Press wind conveying pipe (5c), the damping sheet (5d) with mesh, broken cigarette dust mixture (5e), high-order negative pressure conveying pipeline (5f), low level just Pressure wind conveying pipe (5g), tobacco leaf band stalk leaf mixture (5i), low level negative pressure conveying pipeline (5j), air door (5k), offal (5m), stalk expect Mouthful (5p), middle position malleation wind conveying pipe (5q), middle position negative pressure conveying pipeline (5r), qualified tobacco leaf (5s), negative-pressure pipeline (6,8,15,17, 19th, 26,27,28,33,34,35), conveyer belt (7,9,11,16,18,20,22,28a, 36), the groove that shakes (10,21,29,37,5n), Second level threshing machine group (12), second level wind sorting machine group (14), third level threshing machine (23), third level wind sorting machine (25), the 4th Level wind sorting machine (30), fourth stage wind sorting machine (32), converge and expect conveyer belt (38), the sieve (39) that shakes, offal remittance material strip (40), tobacco leaf remittance material Conveyer belt (41).
Embodiment
Below, with reference to accompanying drawing 1~4, the technique with reference to wind dispensing, further the technical solution of the utility model is carried out Actual use is introduced:
Embodiment 1:A kind of high-efficiency vertical wind subset, including support 1a, warehouse 2a and its wind cabin 5b, are placed in wind cabin 5b bottoms The groove that shakes in portion, the conveyer belt below the groove that shakes and the stalk material outlet 5p positioned at conveying end of tape, are opened at the top of wind cabin 5b Two malleation wind conveying pipes of vertical height bit distribution are offered in charging aperture 5a, wind cabin 5b side side wall, wind cabin 5b is in malleation Two negative pressure conveying pipelines of vertical height bit distribution, the high-order defeated wind of malleation are offered where wind conveying pipe in the side wall of the opposite in face Pipe 5c level height is higher than low level negative pressure conveying higher than high-order negative pressure conveying pipeline 5f, low level malleation wind conveying pipe 5g level height Pipe 5j;High-order malleation wind conveying pipe 5c air-out air pressure is less than low level malleation wind conveying pipe 5g air-out air pressure, and warehouse 2a section is in Sail shape, the warehouse 2a side walls of the side where malleation wind conveying pipe are vertical plane, the warehouse 2a sides of the side where negative pressure conveying pipeline Wall is curved surface and up-narrow and down-wide inclined face, is arrived directly over the groove that shakes in the wind cabin 5b spaces between a nearest negative pressure feeding pipe Pressure value is standard atmospheric pressure value.Support 1a, which is used to support, erects that wind subset is overall, it is necessary to the material of wind point during actual use Enter from charging aperture 5a in wind cabin 5b, malleation wind is provided by blower fan or dedusting room, malleation wind by high-order malleation wind conveying pipe 5c and Low level malleation wind conveying pipe 5g is had respectively entered in wind cabin 5b, and high-order malleation wind conveying pipe 5c provides a blast masterpiece from the side of the transverse For material, high-order malleation wind conveying pipe 5c blast is relatively low, but wind speed is enough by broken the cigarette dust mixture 5e and cigarette in material Ash blows and taken away, broken cigarette dust mixture 5e and the cigarette ash transverse shifting under high-order malleation wind conveying pipe 5c malleation wind effect, Discharged from the high-order malleation wind conveying pipe 5c high-order negative pressure conveying pipeline 5f to side;Remaining material is the bigger cigarette of proportion Leaf and offal 5m or tobacco stem and leaf then continue to move down in wind separating bin, and touch the malleation wind from low level malleation wind conveying pipe 5g and make With large stretch of, middle in material, small pieces tobacco leaf and tobacco stem and leaf are blown and taken away, tobacco leaf enough by the blast and wind speed of malleation wind Material is discharged under low level malleation wind conveying pipe 5g malleation wind effect from low level negative pressure conveying pipeline 5j, now there remains in material The bigger offal 5m of proportion, offal 5m, which falls, to shake on groove and is expecting outlet 5p discharges from stalk;The level height of malleation wind conveying pipe is high In negative pressure conveying pipeline, be because material need to carry out under the effect of malleation wind it is traversing, but in its folding process because gravity and The effect of inertia is not keep level, but parabolically or tilt line tracking motion, warehouse 2a section is in sail shape, and malleation is defeated The warehouse 2a side walls of side where airduct are vertical plane, the warehouse 2a side walls of the side where negative pressure conveying pipeline for curved surface and on The narrow lower inclined face of width, the air intake direction of vertical plane ensure that the stream pressure in wind cabin 5b continues and keeps continuity, are easy to thing Expect the characteristics of motion in wind cabin 5b, up-narrow and down-wide inclined face, enable to wind cabin 5b bodies 2a products with material in storehouse Deployment conditions are unified, improve the maximum utilizationization to space in storehouse, meanwhile, the size distribution situation of air pressure in storehouse is also corresponded to, is protected It is reasonable in the enough demand and power consumption of air pressure wind to demonstrate,prove, and when offal 5m falls in the groove that shakes, the environment for the groove that ensures to shake is normal big Atmospheric pressure value, offal 5m normal discharge can be ensured;Negative pressure wind is provided by dedusting room;
Also include middle position malleation wind conveying pipe 5q between two malleation wind conveying pipes of height bit distribution, form high, normal, basic three Malleation wind conveying pipe, middle position negative pressure conveying pipeline 5r is also included between the high-low-position negative pressure conveying pipeline 5j, form high, normal, basic three Negative pressure conveying pipeline, middle position malleation wind conveying pipe 5q level height are higher than middle position negative pressure conveying pipeline 5r level height, high-order malleation Wind conveying pipe 5c air-out air pressure is less than the air-out air pressure of the malleation wind conveying pipe of middle position, and the air-out air pressure of the malleation wind conveying pipe of middle position is low In low level malleation wind conveying pipe 5g air-out air pressure.Middle position malleation wind conveying pipe 5q position is placed in high-order, the malleation wind conveying pipe of low level Between, the purpose is to export qualified tobacco leaf 5s, i.e. small pieces, middle, large stretch of tobacco leaf, remaining offal 5m and with stalk tobacco leaf, then by Low level malleation wind conveying pipe 5g is exported, and now forms and broken cigarette dust mixture 5e, qualified tobacco leaf, need are completed in same storehouse The wind that further carry out the band stalk tobacco leaf of wind dispensing divides transportation work, therefore reduces the processing procedure of material, reduces Made caused by brought into physical contact in material processing procedure it is broken, so as to improve wind component efficiency and wind sub-prime amount;
It is provided with the lower end of the warehouse 2a side walls of the side where malleation wind conveying pipe, above the groove that shakes for adjusting wind The air door 5k of extension set air pressure inside, air door 5k are used to adjust the air pressure inside wind sorting machine;
The damping sheet 5d with mesh is mounted on the malleation wind conveying pipe road, the damping sheet 5d with mesh, which is used, to be taken out Draw in chute-type installation and malleation wind conveying pipe road.The malleation wind and negative pressure feeding pipe that corresponding malleation wind conveying pipe road provides provide The pressure balance face position adjustment of negative pressure wind realized respectively by adjusting damping sheet, by replacing in malleation wind conveying pipe road Damping sheet, the malleation wind speed in three malleation wind conveying pipe roads can be adjusted respectively, the wind section for making to sort pipeline corresponding to three pairs is in Different blast and wind speed;So that it is in different pressures in wind separating bin;Damping sheet is installed using pull chute, can be easy to stabilization Regulation operation.
- 15~10cm difference in height between the negative pressure feeding pipe of the malleation wind conveying pipe road corresponding thereto be present.Protect Holding can form most that smoothly material is defeated between the negative pressure feeding pipe of malleation wind conveying pipe road corresponding thereto in the difference in height The continuity and stability sent;
The malleation wind conveying pipe road and negative pressure feeding pipe are respectively provided with inclination angle, the inclination angle scope in malleation wind conveying pipe road for 0~ Between 15 °, between the scope at the inclination angle of negative pressure feeding pipe is 165~0 °.When the connection configuration of the production line of reality, pipeline Allow to be obliquely installed;Small 100~the 2100Pa of pressure ratio standard atmospheric pressure of the negative pressure feeding pipe, malleation wind conveying pipe road Wind separating bin pressure at inlet is bigger 100~2000Pa than standard atmospheric pressure;It can be protected between the atmospheric pressure value in the slant range Demonstrate,prove the patency of equipment operation;
A kind of wind dispensing technique using high-efficiency vertical wind subset, its step include:Scraper plate feeding machine → storehouse formula is fed Material machine → ratio feeding machine → conveyer belt mutually concatenates → tetra- first order being connected in parallel threshing machine groups → passes through conveying respectively Band transmits the double malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subsets of → tetra- one-levels;
High-order negative pressure conveying pipeline 5f → conveyer belt → broken scarp and dust in the double malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subsets of one-level Conveyer belt;Low level negative pressure conveying pipeline 5j → conveyer belt → second level threshing machine group in the double malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subsets of one-level The malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset of → conveyer belt → two level three;Stalk material outlet 5p in the double malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subsets of one-level → groove → the conveyer belt that shakes → offal, which converges, expects conveyer belt;
High-order negative pressure conveying pipeline 5f → conveyer belt → broken scarp and dust in the malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset of two level three Conveyer belt;Low level negative pressure conveying pipeline 5j → conveyer belt → third level threshing machine in the malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset of two level three → The malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset of conveyer belt → three-level three;Middle position negative pressure conveying in the malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset of two level three Pipe 5r → conveyer belt → tobacco leaf, which converges, expects conveyer belt;In the malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset of two level three stalk material outlet the 5p → groove that shakes → Conveyer belt → offal, which converges, expects conveyer belt;
High-order negative pressure conveying pipeline 5f → conveyer belt → broken scarp and dust in the malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset of three-level three Conveyer belt;Low level negative pressure conveying pipeline 5j → conveyer belt → fourth stage threshing machine in the malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset of three-level three → The malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset of conveyer belt → level Four three;Middle position negative pressure conveying in the malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset of three-level three Pipe 5r → conveyer belt → tobacco leaf, which converges, expects conveyer belt;In the malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset of three-level three stalk material outlet the 5p → groove that shakes → Conveyer belt → offal, which converges, expects conveyer belt;
High-order negative pressure conveying pipeline 5f → conveyer belt → broken scarp and dust in the malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset of level Four three Conveyer belt;Low level negative pressure conveying pipeline 5j → conveyer belt → fourth stage threshing machine in the malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset of level Four three → The malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset of conveyer belt → level Four three;Middle position negative pressure conveying in the malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset of level Four three Pipe 5r → conveyer belt → tobacco leaf, which converges, expects conveyer belt;In the malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset of level Four three stalk material outlet the 5p → groove that shakes → Conveyer belt → offal, which converges, expects conveyer belt;
Such processing step so that can be by broken cigarette dust mixture 5e, tobacco leaf material, tobacco leaf in force one wind division technique Band stalk leaf mixture 5i, offal 5m reach three-level in same equipment warehouse 2a or level Four is sieved and each conveyed, and simplifies biography More warehouse 2a design cycle theory in technique of uniting, the quantity of Fan Equipment is effectively reduced, reach pair of energy consumption and noise Reduce, simplify number of devices on the whole from technological process, reduce overall volume and floor space, reduce material and divide process in wind In brought into physical contact, reduce broken rate, improve middle, large stretch of output capacity, improve wind sub-prime amount.
The two level threshing machine group includes two two level threshing machines, and every two level threshing machine feed end is all connected with two one-levels Double malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subsets, the discharge end of every two level threshing machine are being connected to two two levels three just by conveyer belt respectively One in high-efficiency vertical wind subset is pressed, the equipment volume of the malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset of three-level three is less than two level three The volume of malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset;The equipment volume of the malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset of level Four three is less than the malleation of three-level three The volume of high-efficiency vertical wind subset;Such technological process configuration, the carry out multistage wind dispensing processing that can rationalize are real The now guarantee of rational wind component efficiency and quality;Wherein one-level, two level, three-level, the slice of level Four pressure high-efficiency vertical wind subset Rate is respectively 45~65%, 15~30%, 10~15%, 5~15%, the equipment body of the malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset of level Four three Product is the 1/2 of the double malleation high-efficiency vertical wind subset volumes of one-level.Because its piece rate is reduced step by step, its two level, three-level, level Four Equipment size, the capacity of wind sorting machine group are gradually reduced, and the physical size of fourth stage wind dispensing unit is first order wind dispensing The 1/2 of unit.The volume of equipment and required power are effectively reduced, reaches the double down low of consumptive material and energy consumption, meets energy-conservation The science production theory of emission reduction.
Embodiment 2:The utility model highly effective energy-conserving vertical wind subset is applied in the following order:Scraper plate feeding machine 1, Bin type feeding machine 2, ratio feeding machine 3a connect after mutually being concatenated by conveyer belt with first order threshing machine group 3, wherein the first order Threshing machine group 3 is made up of four threshing machines being connected in parallel, and the every threshing machine of first order threshing machine group 3 passes through conveyer belt 4 respectively Each it is connected with a double malleation wind sorting machines 5.
The discharging opening of every in first order wind sorting machine group double malleation wind sorting machines by the connected conveyer belt 9 of negative-pressure pipeline 8 with Second level threshing machine group 14 connects, and second level threshing machine group 12 is connected by conveyer belt 13 with second level wind sorting machine group 14, wherein Second level wind sorting machine group 14 is made up of two three malleation wind sorting machines.
The discharging opening of every three malleation wind sorting machines in second level wind sorting machine group 14 passes through the connected conveyer belt of negative-pressure pipeline 19 20 connect with third level threshing machine 23, and third level threshing machine 23 is connected by conveyer belt 24 with third level wind sorting machine 25, wherein the Force 3 wind extension set group 25 is the malleation wind sorting machine of separate unit three.
The discharging opening of three malleation wind sorting machines 25 passes through the connected conveyer belt 28a of negative-pressure pipeline 28 and the phase of fourth stage threshing machine 30 Connect, fourth stage threshing machine 30 is connected by conveyer belt 31 with fourth stage wind sorting machine 32, and wherein fourth stage wind sorting machine 30 is separate unit three Malleation wind sorting machine.
Double malleation wind sorting machines are the vertical wind sorting machine of the double negative pressure conveyings of double malleation air intakes, and one kind as described above is high Imitate vertical hot air subset.
The three malleations wind sorting machine is the vertical wind sorting machine of negative pressure conveying of three malleation air intake three, a kind of tool as described above There is the high-efficiency vertical wind subset of high, normal, basic three wind conveying pipes.
First order wind sorting machine group is discharged by three tapping channels, and negative-pressure pipeline 66 is used for broken cigarette, cigarette ash and dust discharging, and Broken cigarette, cigarette ash and the dust of first order wind sorting machine group are collected by conveyer belt 7;Negative-pressure pipeline 8, which is used for tobacco leaf band stalk leaf, to be mixed The discharging of compound, and be collected by conveyer belt 9 to the tobacco leaf of first order wind sorting machine group and with stalk leaf into second level threshing machine Group 12;The groove 10 that shakes is discharged for offal, and the offal of first order wind sorting machine group is collected by conveyer belt 11.
In second level wind sorting machine group 14, negative-pressure pipeline 15 is connected with conveyer belt 16.Wherein negative-pressure pipeline 15 is broken for transporting Cigarette, cigarette ash and dust, conveyer belt 16 are collected to broken cigarette, cigarette ash and the dust of second level wind sorting machine group 14;Negative-pressure pipeline 17 It is connected with conveyer belt 18.Wherein negative-pressure pipeline 17 is used to transport tobacco leaf, and conveyer belt 18 enters to the tobacco leaf of second level wind sorting machine group 14 Row is collected.Negative-pressure pipeline 19 is connected with conveyer belt 20.Wherein negative-pressure pipeline 19 is used for conveyer belt stalk leaf, and conveyer belt 20 is to the second level The band stalk tobacco leaf of wind sorting machine group 14 is collected into third level threshing machine 23.The discharging opening of groove 21 of shaking is connected with conveyer belt 22, The groove 21 that wherein shakes is used to transport offal, and conveyer belt 22 is collected to the offal of second level wind sorting machine group 14.
The operation principle of third level wind sorting machine group 25 is identical with second level wind sorting machine group 14.
In fourth stage wind sorting machine 32, the negative-pressure pipeline 33 for transporting broken cigarette, cigarette ash and dust expects that conveyer belt 38 is connected with converging;Fortune The negative-pressure pipeline 34 of defeated tobacco leaf converges with tobacco leaf expects that conveyer belt 41 is connected;Transport the negative-pressure pipeline 35 and fortune of tobacco leaf band stalk leaf mixture Defeated band 36 is connected, and conveyer belt 36 is connected with conveyer belt 28a;The groove 37 that shakes of transport offal converges with offal expects that conveyer belt 40 is connected.
Conveyer belt 7, conveyer belt 16, negative-pressure pipeline 26 and the conveyer belt 33 for transporting broken cigarette, cigarette ash and dust are connected in parallel on remittance material On conveyer belt 38, converge and expect that the discharging opening of conveyer belt 38 is connected with the sieve 39 that shakes, the sieve 39 that shakes is used to sub-elect broken cigarette, while sieves ash discharge Dirt and cigarette ash.Conveyer belt 18, negative-pressure pipeline 27 and conveyer belt 34 are connected in parallel on tobacco leaf and converged on material conveyer belt 41.Shake groove 11, the groove 22 that shakes, Shake groove 29 and shake groove 37 be connected in parallel on offal converge material strip 40 on.
Double malleation wind sorting machines are vertical, have two malleation wind conveying pipe roads in its wind separating bin side, have in its opposite side Two negative-pressure pipeline connections, malleation wind conveying pipe correspond with negative pressure conveying pipeline, and corresponding two pipeline has difference in height;Malleation is defeated The damping sheet with mesh is installed using pull chute on wind pipeline;The groove that shakes is installed in wind sorting machine bottom, the discharging opening for the groove that shakes is set Conveyer belt is put;In the air pressure being provided with the upside of the groove that shakes inside air door regulation wind sorting machine;Wind separating bin is sail shape, there is provided just Pressure side is vertical plane, and negative-pressure pipeline one side is curved surface and up-narrow and down-wide;Malleation wind is provided by blower fan or dedusting room, negative pressure wind by Dedusting room provides.
The three malleations wind sorting machine is vertical malleation intake stack and negative pressure conveying pipeline as corresponding to charging aperture, three groups of difference Road forms, and corresponding malleation intake stack and negative pressure feeding pipe have difference in height, the damping sheet with mesh, the groove that shakes, air door, discharging The composition such as mouth.
The three malleations wind sorting machine side is provided with three malleation wind conveying pipe roads, and opposite side is provided with three negative pressure conveying pipelines Road, damping sheet is installed on malleation wind conveying pipe road, it is defeated that each malleation wind conveying pipe road corresponds to its another side position negative pressure on the lower side Pipe material, the groove that shakes are arranged on wind sorting machine bottom, and the discharging opening for the groove that shakes is provided with conveyer belt;Wind is being provided with the upside of the groove that shakes Air pressure inside door regulation wind sorting machine;Wind separating bin is sail shape, there is provided malleation side is vertical plane, negative-pressure pipeline one side for curved surface and It is up-narrow and down-wide;Malleation wind is provided by blower fan or dedusting room, and negative pressure wind is provided by dedusting room.
The damping sheet carries mesh, what the malleation wind and negative pressure feeding pipe that corresponding malleation wind conveying pipe road provides provided The pressure balance face position adjustment of negative pressure wind is realized by adjusting damping sheet respectively.By replacing the resistance in malleation wind conveying pipe road Buddhist nun's plate, the malleation wind speed in three malleation wind conveying pipe roads can be adjusted respectively, the wind section for making to sort pipeline corresponding to three pairs is not in With blast and wind speed;So that it is in different pressures in wind separating bin;Damping sheet is installed using pull chute.
Small 100~the 2100Pa of pressure ratio standard atmospheric pressure of the negative pressure feeding pipe, malleation wind conveying pipe road wind separating bin enter Big 100~the 2000Pa of pressure ratio standard atmospheric pressure at mouthful, there is -15 between corresponding malleation wind conveying pipe road and negative pressure feeding pipe ~10cm difference in height, and malleation wind conveying pipe road and negative pressure feeding pipe can have inclination angle, the defeated wind of malleation according to actual use situation Pipeline is 0~15 °, and negative pressure feeding pipe is 165~0 °, the pressure directly over the groove that shakes between a nearest negative pressure feeding pipe Power is standard atmospheric pressure.
The utility model one-level uses three storehouse wind sorting machines using double storehouses wind sorting machine, two level, three-level, moderate breeze extension set group, its Middle one-level, two level, three-level, moderate breeze extension set group, its piece rate are 45~65%, 15~30%, 10~15%, 5~15%, by Reduced step by step in its piece rate, its two level, three-level, the equipment size of moderate breeze extension set group, capacity are gradually reduced, and the fourth stage beats leaf The physical size of wind sorting machine group is the 1/2 of first order wind dispensing unit.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of high-efficiency vertical wind subset, including support (1a), warehouse (2a) and its wind cabin (5b), are placed in wind cabin (5b) bottom The groove that shakes, conveyer belt below the groove that shakes and the stalk material positioned at conveying end of tape export (5p), are opened at the top of wind cabin (5b) Charging aperture (5a), it is characterised in that two malleations that vertical height bit distribution is offered in the side side wall of wind cabin (5b) are defeated Airduct, wind cabin (5b) is in two negative pressure for offering vertical height bit distribution where malleation wind conveying pipe in the side wall of the opposite in face Conveying pipeline, the level height of high-order malleation wind conveying pipe (5c) is higher than high-order negative pressure conveying pipeline (5f), low level malleation wind conveying pipe (5g) Level height be higher than low level negative pressure conveying pipeline (5j);The air-out air pressure of high-order malleation wind conveying pipe (5c) is less than the defeated wind of low level malleation The air-out air pressure of (5g) is managed, the section of warehouse (2a) is in sail shape, and warehouse (2a) side wall of the side where malleation wind conveying pipe is perpendicular Face directly, warehouse (2a) side wall of the side where negative pressure conveying pipeline is curved surface and up-narrow and down-wide inclined face, is arrived directly over the groove that shakes Pressure value is standard atmospheric pressure value in wind cabin (5b) space between a nearest negative pressure feeding pipe.
A kind of 2. high-efficiency vertical wind subset according to claim 1, it is characterised in that two malleations of height bit distribution Also include middle position malleation wind conveying pipe (5q) between wind conveying pipe, form high, normal, basic three malleation wind conveying pipes, the high-low-position negative pressure Also include middle position negative pressure conveying pipeline (5r) between conveying pipeline (5j), form high, normal, basic three negative pressure conveying pipelines, middle position malleation is defeated The level height of airduct (5q) is higher than the level height of middle position negative pressure conveying pipeline (5r), and high-order malleation wind conveying pipe (5c) goes out general mood Force down and be less than low level malleation wind conveying pipe in the air-out air pressure of the malleation wind conveying pipe of middle position, the air-out air pressure of the malleation wind conveying pipe of middle position The air-out air pressure of (5g).
3. a kind of high-efficiency vertical wind subset according to claim 1, it is characterised in that one where malleation wind conveying pipe The air door (5k) for adjusting wind sorting machine air pressure inside is provided with the lower end of warehouse (2a) side wall of side, above the groove that shakes,
4. a kind of high-efficiency vertical wind subset according to claim 1, it is characterised in that on the malleation wind conveying pipe road The damping sheet (5d) of mesh is provided with, the damping sheet (5d) with mesh is using the installation of pull chute-type and malleation wind conveying pipe In road.
A kind of 5. high-efficiency vertical wind subset according to above-mentioned any one claim, it is characterised in that the malleation - 15~10cm difference in height between the negative pressure feeding pipe of wind conveying pipe road corresponding thereto be present.
A kind of 6. high-efficiency vertical wind subset according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the malleation wind conveying pipe road and negative Pressure feeding pipe is respectively provided with inclination angle, between the inclination angle scope in malleation wind conveying pipe road is 0~15 °, the inclination angle of negative pressure feeding pipe Between scope is 165~0 °.
A kind of 7. high-efficiency vertical wind subset according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the pressure of the negative pressure feeding pipe Power is smaller 100~2100Pa than standard atmospheric pressure, and malleation wind conveying pipe road wind separating bin pressure at inlet is bigger than standard atmospheric pressure by 100~ 2000Pa。
CN201720369000.8U 2017-04-10 2017-04-10 A kind of high-efficiency vertical wind subset Withdrawn - After Issue CN206651385U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106937756A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-07-11 红塔烟草(集团)有限责任公司 A kind of high-efficiency vertical wind subset and its technique for applying
CN108936786A (en) * 2018-08-28 2018-12-07 红塔烟草(集团)有限责任公司 A kind of novel vertical wind separating device
CN111567845A (en) * 2020-05-22 2020-08-25 中国农业科学院烟草研究所 Tobacco leaf subdividing device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106937756A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-07-11 红塔烟草(集团)有限责任公司 A kind of high-efficiency vertical wind subset and its technique for applying
CN108936786A (en) * 2018-08-28 2018-12-07 红塔烟草(集团)有限责任公司 A kind of novel vertical wind separating device
CN111567845A (en) * 2020-05-22 2020-08-25 中国农业科学院烟草研究所 Tobacco leaf subdividing device

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