CN206641153U - Realize the intelligent pig raising field of cogeneration on the spot using pig manure - Google Patents

Realize the intelligent pig raising field of cogeneration on the spot using pig manure Download PDF

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CN206641153U
CN206641153U CN201720332166.2U CN201720332166U CN206641153U CN 206641153 U CN206641153 U CN 206641153U CN 201720332166 U CN201720332166 U CN 201720332166U CN 206641153 U CN206641153 U CN 206641153U
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methanol
pig
pool
marsh gas
temperature
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向华
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Guangdong Hydrogen Energy Science and Technology Co Ltd
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Guangdong Hydrogen Energy Science and Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02CCAPTURE, STORAGE, SEQUESTRATION OR DISPOSAL OF GREENHOUSE GASES [GHG]
    • Y02C20/00Capture or disposal of greenhouse gases
    • Y02C20/20Capture or disposal of greenhouse gases of methane
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/20Sludge processing

Abstract

It the utility model is related to cultivation and technical field of resource comprehensive utilization, particularly relate to the intelligent pig raising field that pig manure realizes cogeneration on the spot, it includes pig room, pig is arranged at intervals with multiple pigsties in room, fecal sewage collecting pit is provided with each pigsty, sewage conduct is equipped with pig premises, the discharge outlet of fecal sewage collecting pit connects pig room with sewage conduct, heating installation, refrigerating plant, flusher, ventilation unit and lighting device are provided with room of raising pigs;Excrement preparing pool, detention tank, the first marsh gas fermentation pool, the second marsh gas fermentation pool, methane extraction element, methanol solution synthesizer, biogas slurry and biogas residue processing unit, methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing reformer, fuel cell and control device are set respectively outside pig room.The utility model produces heat energy and electric energy using the conversion of pig raising waste thing, and realizes biomass, heat, the intelligentized control method of electricity, biomass energy is efficiently converted and is comprehensively utilized.

Description

Realize the intelligent pig raising field of cogeneration on the spot using pig manure
Technical field
It the utility model is related to cultivation and technical field of resource comprehensive utilization, and in particular to one kind is realized on the spot using pig manure The intelligent pig raising field of cogeneration.
Background technology
Environmental pollution and energy shortage are global two principal themes, develop the environmental improvement and regenerative resource life of green The technology of production is extremely urgent.According to statistics, China's scale animal and poultry cultivation caused animal waste every year(Excrement)Reach To about 3,800,000,000 tons, if being fully converted into equivalent to 1.62 hundred million tons standard coals of biogas, and wherein only have about 15% and be equipped with biogas engineering Processing equipment.Feces of livestock and poultry is as one of major source of agricultural non-point source pollution, and substantial amounts of feces of livestock and poultry is unprocessed, without authorization Discharge, serious pollutes living environment and underground water source, and excrement is dirty, the pollution of foul smell is to agriculture, aquaculture healthy sustainable Development causes grave danger.However, animal waste can both turn into pollution sources, it is also possible to as high-quality biomass energy.
In the prior art, biomass producing methane has been popularized for many years.In order to effectively utilize caused animal dung in livestock and poultry cultivation Just, some areas start with feces of livestock and poultry manufacture biogas.Biogas be organic substance under anaerobic, by the hair of microorganism A kind of fuel gas that ferment is acted on and generated.But the method for existing pig farm processing excrement, existing subject matter are: (1)Feces of livestock and poultry does not make full use of, converted, and the processing method of feces of livestock and poultry is single, without integrated treatment, treatment effeciency It is low, and occupation area of equipment is big, runs, maintenance cost height, influences large-scale promotion use;(2)At present pig farm mainly according to The high pressure centralization in outer portion power station generates electricity powers for equipment such as heating, refrigeration, illumination, flushing and the communications of cultivation, can not For the remote districts power supply having inconvenient traffic, so as to limit the selection of farming site, and plant relies primarily on manual operation, Intelligence degree is low, causes breeding efficiency low, and control cost is high, is unfavorable for scale and the industrialization hair of rural culture industry Exhibition;(3)The processing of existing animal waste, biogas fermentation and it is separated from each other using marsh gas power generation or combustion heat supplying, livestock and poultry Excrement needs long distance transportation to biogas fermentation factory and then again stores and transport caused biogas to power plant or peasant household's burning Use, the utilization of resources and transformation efficiency are low, and particularly biogas effectively has in storage transport and on problems with:One side Face, biogas contain the toxic gases such as hydrogen sulfide, carbon monoxide, also containing a variety of miscellaneous gas, foul smell, easy firing blast;On the other hand, Utilization of the people to biogas at present mainly directly make its burn by way of obtain energy, such as cooked using biogas, heating, Illumination etc., the energy utilization rate of this mode is relatively low;Generated electricity in addition, prior art also has using biogas, but existing natural pond Gas electricity generation system is that heat energy power-generating is carried out by way of biogas combustion, i.e., is first converted into mechanical energy from heat energy, then from mechanical energy Electric energy is converted into, secondary conversion efficiency is too low, therefore fails to be used widely.
The content of the invention
Above-mentioned technical problem be present for prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide one kind using pig manure on the spot The intelligent pig raising field of cogeneration is realized, the intelligent pig raising field is converted into methanol as production by the use of the pig raising waste thing of itself The raw material of raw electric energy and heat energy, realizes biomass and heat energy and the Efficient Conversion of electric energy and utilization and Automated condtrol on the spot, And caused biogas is converted into methanol need not store, transport and burn, there is the excellent of safety, energy-conservation and environmental protection Point.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides following technical scheme:
The intelligent pig raising field for being realized cogeneration on the spot using pig manure, including pig room are provided, is spaced and sets in room of raising pigs Multiple pigsties are equipped with, fecal sewage collecting pit is provided with each pigsty, sewage conduct, fecal sewage are equipped with premises of raising pigs The discharge outlet of collecting pit connects with sewage conduct;Heating installation, refrigerating plant, flusher, ventilation dress are provided with pig room Put and lighting device;Region outside pig room sets excrement preparing pool, detention tank, the first marsh gas fermentation pool, the nearby Two marsh gas fermentation pools, methane extraction element, methanol solution synthesizer, biogas slurry and biogas residue processing unit, methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing reformer, Fuel cell and control device, the flusher include cold water pipeline and hot water line, and is provided with the hot water line One heat exchanger, the methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing reformer include reformer chamber, separation chamber and provide reformation hydrogen production reaction institute for reformer chamber The electric heater of temperature is needed, the control device includes controller and the electric power output port for outwards exporting electric energy, wherein:
Excrement in fecal sewage collecting pit, which is concentrated, is delivered to excrement preparing pool, urine and punching in fecal sewage collecting pit The sewage such as wash water are delivered to detention tank by sewage conduct, and dope outlet and the excrement of the detention tank are allocated Pond connects, and the purified liquor outlet of the detention tank connects with the first marsh gas fermentation pool, and the excrement preparing pool is defeated by first Pump is sent to be connected with second marsh gas fermentation pool, the methane outlet of first marsh gas fermentation pool and the second marsh gas fermentation pool passes through First pipeline connects with methane extraction element, methanol solution synthesizer successively, the liquid outlet of the methanol solution synthesizer It is connected by the second delivery pump with the methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing reformer;The methanol prepared by the methanol solution synthesizer is water-soluble Liquid reacts in the methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing reformer through the reformation hydrogen production of first alcohol and water occurs, be made using carbon dioxide and hydrogen as Main mixed gas, the mixed gas isolate hydrogen and high temperature residual air through separation chamber, and the hydrogen is delivered to fuel cell generation Electric energy, the electric energy are first delivery pump, the second delivery pump, refrigerating plant, flusher, illumination by electric power output port Device, ventilation unit, electric heater and other power supply for electrical equipment;
The temperature for the high temperature residual air isolated by the separation chamber is 300 ~ 600 DEG C, and the high temperature residual air is collected to high temperature Residual air collection device, the high temperature residual air collection device are connected by the first heating pipeline with the heating installation, the high temperature Residual air collection device is connected by the second heating pipeline with first marsh gas fermentation pool and the second marsh gas fermentation pool;High temperature residual air Heat exchange is carried out by the flushing water in the First Heat Exchanger and the hot water line;The first heating pipeline, second add Pipe line and the hot water line are provided with regulating valve and the first temperature sensor, the regulating valve and the first temperature sensor Electrically connected respectively with the controller.
Wherein, the methanol extraction element includes the first solid-liquid separator, desulfurizing tower, carbon dioxide absorption being sequentially connected Tower and ammonia absorption tower, the methane outlet of first marsh gas fermentation pool and the second marsh gas fermentation pool respectively with first solid-liquid The air inlet connection of separator, the gas outlet of the ammonia absorption tower connects with the methanol solution synthesizer.
Wherein, the methanol solution synthesizer include be sequentially connected compressor, methyl alcohol synthetic reactor, gas-liquid separator and Methanol aqueous solution memory, the methane gas and oxygen exported by the gas outlet of the ammonia absorption tower is respectively by the second pipe Road is connected with the air inlet of compressor, and the liquid outlet of the gas-liquid separator is connected with the methanol aqueous solution memory, described The gas outlet of gas-liquid separator is connected by circulation line with the air inlet of compressor;First pipeline, second pipe and follow Endless tube road is provided with gas flow control valve, and the gas flow control valve electrically connects with the controller.
Wherein, the methyl alcohol synthetic reactor is provided with the 3rd heating pipeline, the 3rd heating pipeline and the high temperature residual air Collection device is connected, and regulating valve is provided with the 3rd heating pipeline, and the methyl alcohol synthetic reactor is provided with second temperature sensing Device and pressure sensor, the regulating valve, the second temperature sensor and the pressure sensor respectively with the controller Electrical connection.
Wherein, second is provided with transfer pipeline between the methanol aqueous solution memory and the methanol-water reformer to change Hot device, the high-temperature hydrogen that methanol aqueous solution and the separation chamber of low temperature isolate carry out heat exchange through second heat exchanger.
Wherein, in addition to biogas slurry and biogas residue processing unit, the biogas slurry of first marsh gas fermentation pool and the second marsh gas fermentation pool Charging aperture of the biogas residue outlet respectively with the biogas slurry and biogas residue processing unit is connected, the purified liquor outlet of the biogas slurry and biogas residue processing unit It is connected respectively with the cold water pipeline and hot water line by clear liquid house steward.
Wherein, the clear liquid house steward is provided with the reversal valve for being switched over to cold water pipeline and hot water line, high temperature Residual air, which is led on the pipeline of the First Heat Exchanger, is provided with regulating valve and three-temperature sensor, the regulating valve and the 3rd temperature Degree sensor electrically connects with the controller respectively.
Wherein, the ventilation unit includes air blower and exhaust blower, and the surrounding wall in the pig room offers air inlet, Exhaust outlet is offered at the top of the pig room, the air inlet is connected by blast pipe with the air blower, the air inlet It is connected by blast pipe with the air blower, the air blower and the exhaust blower electrically connect with the controller respectively.
Wherein, the pool wall and/or bottom of pond of first marsh gas fermentation pool and the second marsh gas fermentation pool are provided with adds for being passed through The interlayer of thermal medium, the heating medium are high temperature residual air, and the air inlet of the interlayer passes through the described second heating pipeline and institute The connection of high temperature residual air collection device is stated, the 4th TEMP is provided with first marsh gas fermentation pool and the second marsh gas fermentation pool Device, the 4th temperature sensor electrically connect with the controller.
Wherein, the methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing reformer is provided with starter, and the starter is reformed in methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing It is that second delivery pump and electric heater are powered in device start-up course.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
The intelligent pig raising field for realizing cogeneration on the spot using pig manure of invention, utilizes bulky stool caused by the process of raising pigs Just and sewage(Mainly include urine and flushing water), biogas fermentation is carried out respectively, and the two caused biogas first passes through methane extraction Device extracts methane, and then methane prepares methanol aqueous solution through methanol solution synthesizer, and the methanol aqueous solution is as methanol The raw material of water reformation hydrogen production reaction, hydrogen and high temperature residual air is made, hydrogen therein is delivered to fuel cell and produces electric energy again, should Electric energy is all power supply for electrical equipment of whole system, and the temperature of high temperature residual air therein is up to 300 ~ 600 DEG C, this part Gao Pin The heat energy of matter directly provides heating for heating installation, marsh gas fermentation pool, methanol synthesis reaction, the flusher on pig farm with hot water Required temperature, and by heat pipeline set regulating valve, temperature sensor and controller realize to each electrical equipment and The intelligentized control method of heating-up temperature, so as to form the intelligent pig raising field of the biomass cogeneration of heat and power of a circulation.With existing skill Art is compared, and the utility model has advantages below:
(1)The utility model realizes Efficient Conversion and the utilization of pig raising waste thing-biogas-methanol-electric energy on the spot, conversion Electric energy can be with self-sufficient, without external power supply, and the electric energy of system output is direct current, can directly be supplied without conversion DC electric apparatus uses, the mode to be generated electricity compared to current high direct voltage centralization, have with send out, be easy to distributing installation, into The characteristics of this is low, it is not limited by the field, it is more suitable for rural culture industry;
(2)The utility model prepares methanol by the use of the biogas that biogas fermentation produces as intermediate product, solves well The problem of biogas is stored and transported, while the raw material as the reaction of methanol-water reformation hydrogen production, course of reaction produce methanol in itself again The heat energy of a large amount of high-quality, this partial heat energy are fully utilized, and can directly supply heating installation, rinse hot water, biogas fermentation Temperature needed for heating, greatly reduces energy consumption;According to the yield of pig raising waste thing in system, be converted into methanol amount, respectively plus Caused heat energy and fuel electricity in power and methanol-water the reformation hydrogen production reaction of temperature, each electricity consumption module needed for thermal modules The electric energy of pond output carries out the permanent calculation of energy, so as to which pig discarded object be associated with heat energy, electric energy, realizes the intellectuality of whole system Control, is advantageous to the development of livestock and poultry breeding industry scale and industrialization;
(3)The utility model need not be manufactured methanol using pig raising waste thing, then passed through again by marsh gas power generation of burning Methanol-water reformation hydrogen production generates electricity and powered, and only discharges a small amount of carbon dioxide in reaction, heat caused by itself in course of reaction The heat energy needed for each heating module can be substantially met, the biogas slurry and biogas residue that biogas fermentation produces are used to prepare agriculture organic fertilizer with Water circulation, pass through the conversion and comprehensive utilization of the above-mentioned energy so that energy-conservation and environment protecting are notable.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the intelligent pig raising field of the present utility model for realizing cogeneration on the spot using pig manure.
Fig. 2 is the methane extraction element of the intelligent pig raising field of the present utility model for realizing cogeneration on the spot using pig manure Structural representation.
Fig. 3 is that the methanol solution of the intelligent pig raising field of the present utility model for being realized cogeneration on the spot using pig manure is synthesized The structural representation of device.
Reference:
Excrement preparing pool 1, detention tank 2, the first marsh gas fermentation pool 3, the second marsh gas fermentation pool 4;
Methane extraction element 5, the first solid-liquid separator 51, desulfurizing tower 52, carbon dioxide absorption tower 53, ammonia absorption tower 54;
Methanol solution synthesizer 6, compressor 61, methyl alcohol synthetic reactor 62, gas-liquid separator 63, methanol aqueous solution memory 64;
Biogas slurry and biogas residue processing unit 7;
Methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing reformer 8, reformer chamber 81, separation chamber 82, electric heater 83;
Fuel cell 9;
First heating pipeline 10, second heats pipeline 20, the 3rd heating pipeline 30, circulation line 40, the first pipeline 50, the Two pipelines 60, clear liquid house steward 70;
First delivery pump 11, the second delivery pump 12, high temperature residual air collection device 13, First Heat Exchanger 14, the second heat exchanger 15th, regulating valve 16, reversal valve 17, gas flow control valve 18;
Pig room 100, pigsty 101, fecal sewage collecting pit 102, heating installation 200, ventilation unit 300, air blower 301st, exhaust blower 302, flusher 400, cold water pipeline 401, hot water line 402.
Embodiment
The utility model is described in detail below in conjunction with specific embodiment and accompanying drawing.
Realize the intelligent pig raising field of cogeneration on the spot using pig manure, as shown in figure 1, including room 100 of raising pigs, room of raising pigs Multiple pigsties 101 are arranged at intervals with 100, fecal sewage collecting pit 102 is provided with each pigsty 101, the underground of room 100 of raising pigs Sewage conduct is equipped with, the discharge outlet of fecal sewage collecting pit 102 connects with sewage conduct;Pig is provided with heating in room 100 Device 200, ventilation unit 300, flusher 400, lighting device and refrigerating plant, the region point near pig room 100 is outer Not She Zhi excrement preparing pool 1, detention tank 2, the first marsh gas fermentation pool 3, the second marsh gas fermentation pool 4, methane extraction element 5, Methanol solution synthesizer 6, biogas slurry and biogas residue processing unit 7, methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing reformer 8, fuel cell 9 and control device, punching Cleaning device 400 includes cold water pipeline 401 and hot water line 402, and First Heat Exchanger 14, methanol-water are provided with hot water line 402 Hydrogen manufacturing reformer 8 includes reformer chamber 81, separation chamber 82 and the electricity for temperature needed for the offer reformation hydrogen production reaction of reformer chamber 81 and added Hot device 83, control device include controller and the electric power output port for outwards exporting electric energy, wherein:
Excrement and sewage are mainly contained in fecal sewage collecting pit 102(Mainly urine and flushing water etc.)Two parts, its Excrement preparing pool 1 is delivered to after the unified collection of middle excrement, the sewage such as urine and flushing water passes through pipeline to detention tank 2, the dope outlet of detention tank 2 connects with excrement preparing pool 1, the purified liquor outlet of detention tank 2 and the first biogas fermentation Pond 3 is connected, and excrement preparing pool 1 is connected by the first delivery pump 11 with the second marsh gas fermentation pool 4, the first marsh gas fermentation pool 3 and The biogas slurry and biogas residue outlet of two marsh gas fermentation pools 4 is connected with biogas slurry and biogas residue processing unit 7, the first marsh gas fermentation pool 3 and the second biogas The methane outlet of fermentation vat 4 is connected with methane extraction element 5, methanol solution synthesizer 6 successively by the first pipeline 50, methanol The liquid outlet of solution synthesizer 6 is connected by the second delivery pump 12 with methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing reformer 8.Sunk during being somebody's turn to do through sewage Sewage clear liquid after the precipitation process of shallow lake pond 2 enters the first marsh gas fermentation pool 3 and carries out biogas fermentation, and the bottom of detention tank 2 The excrement of dope and excrement preparing pool 1 together enters the second marsh gas fermentation pool 4 and carries out biogas fermentation, due to the master of excrement and sewage Want composition, water content different, both are separately subjected to anaerobic fermentation, the yield of biogas can be improved.The He of first marsh gas fermentation pool 3 Biogas caused by second marsh gas fermentation pool 4 first passes through methane extraction element 5 and extracts methane, and the methane then obtained enters back into first Alcoholic solution synthesizer 6 prepares methanol.
The above-mentioned methanol prepared by methanol solution synthesizer 6 and the aqueous solution are again as hydrogen manufacturing and the raw material to generate electricity, in first The reformation hydrogen production that first alcohol and water occurs through catalytic reaction in alcohol water hydrogen manufacturing reformer 8 reacts(The reaction of methanol-water reformation hydrogen production is existing There is technology, no longer described in detail in the present embodiment), the mixed gas based on carbon dioxide and hydrogen, the mixed gas is made Hydrogen and high temperature residual air are isolated through separation chamber 82, the hydrogen is delivered to fuel cell 9 and produces electric energy, and the electric energy is defeated by electric power Exit port be the first delivery pump 11, the second delivery pump 12, refrigerating plant, flusher 400, lighting device, ventilation unit 300, Other power supply for electrical equipment in electric heater 83 and system, so as to realize pig raising waste thing-biogas-methanol-electric energy on the spot Efficient Conversion and utilization, it is self-sufficient, without external power supply.And the electric energy of system output is direct current, directly for straight Flow electrical equipment to use, without transformer module and follow-up rectification module etc., generated electricity compared to current high direct voltage centralization Mode, have with sending out, being easy to the characteristics of distributing installation, be more suitable for rural culture industry.First delivery pump 11 and second is defeated Send pump 12 to be electrically connected with the controller, the Automated condtrol of power supply can be achieved.
Meanwhile the temperature for the high temperature residual air isolated by the separation chamber 82 of methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing reformer 8 is 300 ~ 600 DEG C, High temperature residual air is collected to high temperature residual air collection device 13, high temperature residual air collection device 13 and filled by the first heating pipeline 10 with heating 200 connections are put, high temperature residual air collection device 13 passes through the second heating marsh gas fermentation pool 3 of pipeline 20 and first and the second biogas fermentation Pond 4 connects, and high temperature residual air also carries out heat exchange by the flushing water in First Heat Exchanger 14 and hot water line 402, thus high temperature High-quality heat energy caused by residual air directly can be biogas fermentation and heating installation 200, marsh gas fermentation pool, flusher 400 With hot water provide heating needed for temperature, its take full advantage of methanol-water reformation hydrogen production reaction caused by heat energy, substantially reduce Required energy consumption is heated in breeding process, and there is energy-conservation.First heating pipeline 10, second heats pipeline 20 and heat Water lines 402 are provided with the temperature sensor of regulating valve 16 and first, the temperature sensor of regulating valve 16 and first respectively with control Device electrically connect, the utility model can realize to heating installation 200 and, marsh gas fermentation pool, the heating-up temperature of flusher 400 it is automatic Change control.Further can also be according to needed for the yield of pig raising waste thing in system, the amount for being converted into methanol, each heating module The electric energy of caused heat energy and fuel cell output in temperature, the power of each electricity consumption module and the reaction of methanol-water reformation hydrogen production The permanent calculation of energy is carried out, so as to which pig discarded object be associated with heat energy, electric energy, realizes the heat of whole plant, electric intelligentized control method, The energy is efficiently converted and is utilized, be advantageous to the scale and industrialized development of aquaculture industry.
Add specifically, the pool wall and/or bottom of pond of the first marsh gas fermentation pool 3 and the second marsh gas fermentation pool 4 are provided with for being passed through The interlayer of thermal medium, heating medium are high temperature residual air, and the air inlet of interlayer is collected by the second heating pipeline 20 with high temperature residual air Device 13 is connected, and the temperature provided needed for anaerobic fermentation is heated to marsh gas fermentation pool using high temperature residual air.First marsh gas fermentation pool 3 The 4th temperature sensor is provided with the second marsh gas fermentation pool 4, the 4th temperature sensor is electrically connected with the controller, in order to right The detection and regulation and control of temperature.
In the present embodiment, as shown in Fig. 2 methane extraction element 5 includes the first solid-liquid separator 51, the desulfurization being sequentially connected The biogas of tower 52, carbon dioxide absorption tower 53 and ammonia absorption tower 54, the first marsh gas fermentation pool 3 and the second marsh gas fermentation pool 4 goes out Air inlet of the mouth respectively with the first solid-liquid separator 51 connects, gas outlet and the methanol solution synthesizer 6 of ammonia absorption tower 54 Connection.Because biogas caused by anaerobic fermentation is the mixture containing methane, sulfide and carbon dioxide etc., it is solid to first pass through first Liquid/gas separator 51 removes solid impurity, removes sulfide then in turn through desulfurizing tower 52, is removed by carbon dioxide absorption tower 53 Remove carbon dioxide, the higher methane gas of purity is obtained after ammonia absorption tower 54 removes ammonia, then be delivered to methanol solution Synthesizer 6 prepares methanol aqueous solution.
In the present embodiment, as shown in figure 3, methanol solution synthesizer 6 includes compressor 61, the methanol-fueled CLC being sequentially connected Tower 62, gas-liquid separator 63 and methanol aqueous solution memory 64, by ammonia absorption tower 54 gas outlet export methane gas with And oxygen is connected by second pipe 60 with the air inlet of compressor 61 respectively, the liquid outlet and methanol of gas-liquid separator 63 are water-soluble Liquid memory 64 is connected, and the gas outlet of gas-liquid separator 63 is connected by circulation line 40 with the air inlet of compressor 61.It is above-mentioned During, methane gas and outer oxygen(As oxygen cylinder provides oxygen)Methyl alcohol synthetic reactor is delivered to after the pressurization of compressor 61 62 internal oxiditions reaction generation methanol, wherein methane and oxygen press 8 ~ 9:1 ~ 2 volume ratio mixing, at 150 ~ 220 DEG C and 80 ~ 125 Under conditions of individual atmospheric pressure, react and methanol is made, reaction equation is:2CH4+O2=2CH3OH.The first of generation in methyl alcohol synthetic reactor 62 The methanol solution that the residual gas such as alcohol and unreacted methane obtains after the condensation separation of gas-liquid separator 63 is stored in first Alcohol solution memory 64, the residual gas after separation are back to the air inlet of compressor 61 by circulation line 40 again, entered back into Methyl alcohol synthetic reactor 62 reacts methanol processed.First pipeline 50, second pipe 60 and circulation line 40 are provided with gas flow control Valve 18, gas flow control valve 18 are electrically connected with the controller, and gas flow in each pipeline is realized by gas flow control valve 18 Automated condtrol, compressor 61 powered by systematic electricity output port.
Methyl alcohol synthetic reactor 62 is provided with the 3rd heating pipeline 30, and the 3rd heating pipeline 30 connects with high temperature residual air collection device 13 Connect, i.e., be that methyl alcohol synthetic reactor 62 provides reaction required temperature by heat energy caused by the system itself, the 3rd heating pipeline 30 On be provided with regulating valve 16, be provided with second temperature sensor and pressure sensor in methyl alcohol synthetic reactor 62, the regulating valve 16, Two temperature sensor and pressure sensor are electrically connected with the controller respectively, so as to realizing to the interior reaction temperature of methyl alcohol synthetic reactor 62 and The Automated condtrol of pressure.
In the present embodiment, biogas slurry and biogas residue after the first marsh gas fermentation pool 3 and the fermentation of the second marsh gas fermentation pool 4 pass through biogas slurry Clear liquid after the processing of biogas residue processing unit 7, is delivered to flusher 400, can be used as rinse water reuse.Specifically, the first natural pond The charging aperture that the biogas slurry and biogas residue of the marsh gas fermentation pool 4 of gas fermentation vat 3 and second exports respectively with biogas slurry and biogas residue processing unit 7 is connected, The purified liquor outlet of biogas slurry and biogas residue processing unit 7 is connected with cold water pipeline 401 and hot water line 402 respectively by clear liquid house steward 70. Clear liquid house steward 70 is provided with the reversal valve 17 for being switched between cold water pipeline 401 and hot water line 402, as needed Select the hot water or cold water of flushing.High temperature residual air, which is led on the pipeline of First Heat Exchanger 14, is provided with the temperature of regulating valve 16 and the 3rd Sensor is spent, regulating valve 16 and three-temperature sensor are electrically connected with the controller respectively, to realize the automation control of heating-up temperature System.Dope and biogas residue after the processing of biogas residue processing unit 7 further prepare agriculture organic fertilizer and used.Thus, the biogas slurry of this hair It can also turn waste into wealth with biogas residue, both avoid landfill or burning treatment process to biogas fermentation discarded object, it is dirty to reduce environment Dye, can reduce the usage amount of agrochemical, be advantageous to the development of sustainable agriculture again.
In the present embodiment, ventilation unit 300 includes air blower 301 and exhaust blower 302, and the surrounding wall in pig room 100 is opened Provided with air inlet, the top in pig room 100 offers exhaust outlet, and air inlet is connected by blast pipe with air blower 301, exhaust outlet It is connected by exhaust duct with exhaust blower 302, air blower 301 and exhaust blower 302 by systematic electricity output port by being powered, air blower 301 and exhaust blower 302 be electrically connected with the controller respectively, to realize Automated condtrol.
In the present embodiment, it is provided between methanol aqueous solution memory 64 and methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing reformer 8 on transfer pipeline Second heat exchanger 15, the high-temperature hydrogen that methanol aqueous solution and the separation chamber 82 of low temperature isolate carry out hot friendship through the second heat exchanger 15 After changing, enter fuel cell 9 after hydrogen cooling, methanol-water is further heated, and is then sent in methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing reformer 8 Evaporation gasification.
In the present embodiment, methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing reformer 8 is provided with starter.First, starter is in methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing In the start-up course of reformer 8, powered for the second delivery pump 12 and electric heater 83, so that the reaction of methanol-water reformation hydrogen production starts, The hydrogen incoming fuel battery 9 of acquisition, after the work of fuel cell 9 produces electric energy, then the equipment power supply for whole system, methanol-water High-quality heat energy caused by reformation hydrogen production reaction is again system biogas fermentation, methanol synthesis reaction, rinse water and heating fill Put 200 grades and heat energy is provided, so as to form the integrated cultivating system of the biomass cogeneration of heat and power of a circulation.Specifically, start Device is battery;Or be combustion-type starter, it is that reformer chamber 81 heats by combustion methanol;Or be hydrogen storage bottle, The hydrogen storage bottle can be the inputting hydrogen of fuel cell 9 in the start-up course of methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing reformer 8, make the work production of fuel cell 9 Raw electric energy, and then powered for the second delivery pump 12 and electric heater 83.
Finally it should be noted that above example is only illustrating the technical solution of the utility model, rather than to this reality With the limitation of novel protected scope, although being explained with reference to preferred embodiment to the utility model, this area it is general It is logical it will be appreciated by the skilled person that can be modified to the technical solution of the utility model or equivalent substitution, without departing from this The spirit and scope of utility model technical scheme.

Claims (10)

1. realize the intelligent pig raising field of cogeneration on the spot using pig manure, it is characterised in that:Including raise pigs room, raise pigs room between Every being provided with multiple pigsties, fecal sewage collecting pit is provided with each pigsty, sewage conduct, excrement are equipped with premises of raising pigs The discharge outlet of sewage collecting pool connects with sewage conduct;Heating installation, refrigerating plant, flusher, logical is provided with pig room Wind apparatus and lighting device;Region outside pig room sets excrement preparing pool, detention tank, the first biogas fermentation nearby Pond, the second marsh gas fermentation pool, methane extraction element, methanol solution synthesizer, biogas slurry and biogas residue processing unit, methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing weight Whole device, fuel cell and control device, the flusher include cold water pipeline and hot water line, set on the hot water line There is a First Heat Exchanger, the methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing reformer includes reformer chamber, separation chamber and to provide reformation hydrogen production for reformer chamber anti- The electric heater of temperature needed for answering, the control device include controller and the electric power output port for outwards exporting electric energy, Wherein:
Excrement in fecal sewage collecting pit, which is concentrated, is delivered to excrement preparing pool, urine and flushing water in fecal sewage collecting pit Detention tank is delivered to by sewage conduct Deng sewage, dope outlet and the excrement preparing pool of the detention tank connect Logical, the purified liquor outlet of the detention tank connects with the first marsh gas fermentation pool, and the excrement preparing pool passes through the first delivery pump Connected with second marsh gas fermentation pool, the methane outlet of first marsh gas fermentation pool and the second marsh gas fermentation pool passes through first Pipeline connects with methane extraction element, methanol solution synthesizer successively, and the liquid outlet of the methanol solution synthesizer passes through Second delivery pump is connected with the methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing reformer;The methanol aqueous solution prepared by the methanol solution synthesizer exists React, be made based on carbon dioxide and hydrogen through the reformation hydrogen production of first alcohol and water occurs in the methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing reformer Mixed gas, the mixed gas isolate hydrogen and high temperature residual air through separation chamber, and the hydrogen is delivered to fuel cell and produces electric energy, The electric energy by electric power output port be first delivery pump, the second delivery pump, refrigerating plant, flusher, lighting device, Ventilation unit, electric heater and other power supply for electrical equipment;
The temperature for the high temperature residual air isolated by the separation chamber is 300 ~ 600 DEG C, and the high temperature residual air is collected to high temperature residual air Collection device, the high temperature residual air collection device are connected by the first heating pipeline with the heating installation, the high temperature residual air Collection device is connected by the second heating pipeline with first marsh gas fermentation pool and the second marsh gas fermentation pool;High temperature residual air passes through The First Heat Exchanger carries out heat exchange with the flushing water in the hot water line;The first heating pipeline, the second heating tube Road and the hot water line are provided with regulating valve and the first temperature sensor, the regulating valve and the first temperature sensor difference Electrically connected with the controller.
2. the intelligent pig raising field according to claim 1 for realizing cogeneration on the spot using pig manure, it is characterised in that:Institute The first solid-liquid separator, desulfurizing tower, carbon dioxide absorption tower and ammonia absorption tower that methanol extraction element includes being sequentially connected are stated, The methane outlet of first marsh gas fermentation pool and the second marsh gas fermentation pool air inlet with first solid-liquid separator respectively Connection, the gas outlet of the ammonia absorption tower connects with the methanol solution synthesizer.
3. the intelligent pig raising field according to claim 2 for realizing cogeneration on the spot using pig manure, it is characterised in that:Institute State compressor, methyl alcohol synthetic reactor, gas-liquid separator and methanol aqueous solution storage that methanol solution synthesizer includes being sequentially connected Device, the methane gas and oxygen exported by the gas outlet of the ammonia absorption tower entering by second pipe and compressor respectively Gas port is connected, and the liquid outlet of the gas-liquid separator is connected with the methanol aqueous solution memory, and the gas-liquid separator goes out Gas port is connected by circulation line with the air inlet of compressor;First pipeline, second pipe and the circulation line are provided with Gas flow control valve, the gas flow control valve electrically connect with the controller.
4. the intelligent pig raising field according to claim 3 for realizing cogeneration on the spot using pig manure, it is characterised in that:Institute State methyl alcohol synthetic reactor and be provided with the 3rd heating pipeline, the 3rd heating pipeline is connected with the high temperature residual air collection device, institute To state and be provided with regulating valve on the 3rd heating pipeline, the methyl alcohol synthetic reactor is provided with second temperature sensor and pressure sensor, The regulating valve, the second temperature sensor and the pressure sensor electrically connect with the controller respectively.
5. the intelligent pig raising field according to claim 3 for realizing cogeneration on the spot using pig manure, it is characterised in that:Institute State and be provided with the second heat exchanger, the methanol of low temperature between methanol aqueous solution memory and the methanol-water reformer on transfer pipeline The aqueous solution carries out heat exchange with the high-temperature hydrogen that separation chamber isolates through second heat exchanger.
6. the intelligent pig raising field according to claim 1 for realizing cogeneration on the spot using pig manure, it is characterised in that:Also Including biogas slurry and biogas residue processing unit, the outlet of the biogas slurry and biogas residue of first marsh gas fermentation pool and the second marsh gas fermentation pool respectively with institute The charging aperture connection of biogas slurry and biogas residue processing unit is stated, the purified liquor outlet of the biogas slurry and biogas residue processing unit is distinguished by clear liquid house steward It is connected with the cold water pipeline and hot water line.
7. the intelligent pig raising field according to claim 6 for realizing cogeneration on the spot using pig manure, it is characterised in that:Institute State clear liquid house steward and be provided with reversal valve for being switched over to cold water pipeline and hot water line, high temperature residual air leads to described first Be provided with regulating valve and three-temperature sensor on the pipeline of heat exchanger, the regulating valve and three-temperature sensor respectively with institute State controller electrical connection.
8. the intelligent pig raising field according to claim 1 for realizing cogeneration on the spot using pig manure, it is characterised in that:Institute Stating ventilation unit includes air blower and exhaust blower, and the surrounding wall in the pig room offers air inlet, the top in the pig room Portion offers exhaust outlet, and the air inlet is connected by blast pipe with the air blower, and the air inlet passes through blast pipe and institute Air blower connection is stated, the air blower and the exhaust blower electrically connect with the controller respectively.
9. the intelligent pig raising field according to claim 1 for realizing cogeneration on the spot using pig manure, it is characterised in that:Institute State the pool wall of the first marsh gas fermentation pool and the second marsh gas fermentation pool and/or bottom of pond is provided with the interlayer that medium is heated for being passed through, institute It is high temperature residual air to state heating medium, and the air inlet of the interlayer is collected by the described second heating pipeline with the high temperature residual air to be filled Connection is put, the 4th temperature sensor, the 4th temperature are provided with first marsh gas fermentation pool and the second marsh gas fermentation pool Sensor electrically connects with the controller.
10. the intelligent pig raising field according to claim 1 for realizing cogeneration on the spot using pig manure, it is characterised in that: The methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing reformer is provided with starter, the starter in methanol-water hydrogen manufacturing reformer start-up course, Powered for second delivery pump and electric heater.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110743898A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-02-04 鸿蒙能源(山东)有限公司 Device for treating wet garbage by utilizing methane fuel cell and jointly exploiting geothermal energy

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110743898A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-02-04 鸿蒙能源(山东)有限公司 Device for treating wet garbage by utilizing methane fuel cell and jointly exploiting geothermal energy
CN110743898B (en) * 2019-10-25 2021-02-09 鸿蒙能源(山东)有限公司 Device for treating wet garbage by utilizing methane fuel cell and jointly exploiting geothermal energy

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