CN206607654U - The vacuum collecting and processing unit of a kind of house refuse - Google Patents

The vacuum collecting and processing unit of a kind of house refuse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206607654U
CN206607654U CN201720111384.3U CN201720111384U CN206607654U CN 206607654 U CN206607654 U CN 206607654U CN 201720111384 U CN201720111384 U CN 201720111384U CN 206607654 U CN206607654 U CN 206607654U
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China
Prior art keywords
vacuum
pipeline
return pipeline
processing unit
house refuse
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CN201720111384.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张磊
李宝树
张艺宁
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Langfang Guanghui Gas Equipment Co Ltd
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Langfang Guanghui Gas Equipment Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides the vacuum collecting and processing unit of a kind of house refuse, the device includes vacuum handling pipeline, vacuum work station and sewage or garbage collector, the vacuum handling pipeline includes anti-return pipeline and increase in pipeline, the vacuum work station and sewage or garbage collector are connected with the anti-return pipeline, and the adjacent anti-return pipeline is connected by the increase in pipeline;The entrance point of anti-return pipeline is higher than its port of export;The utility model device realizes dirt and is changed to vacuum collecting by traditional gravity collection, dirt can be made in anti-return pipeline flow process simultaneously, increase its flow tendency, anti- backflow, in addition, because the minimum point of anti-return pipeline dirt entrance point is less than the peak of its port of export, it is to avoid dirt is excessive in the port of export residual of anti-return pipeline, it is therefore prevented that line clogging and vacuum have some setbacks.

Description

The vacuum collecting and processing unit of a kind of house refuse
Technical field
The utility model belongs to energy-saving environmental protection device and Machine Design and manufacture field, and in particular to a kind of house refuse Vacuum collecting and processing unit.
Background technology
In city and resident population City Regions, using gravity type pipeline the collection of sewage and house refuse more, dirt according to By gravity along pipeline to vacuum work station, then by pumping plant lifting to filth disposal facility, to prevent that dirt is blocked up in pipeline Plug, pipeline laying need to use certain slope, cause that pipeline laying difficulty is big, performance difficulty, pipeline bury depth and construction investment is high; In addition, by traditional gravity pipe line collection mode, dirt conveyance conduit is longer, pipeline is easily blocked and seepage is serious, serious shadow Surrounding environment is rung, the health care belt to resident carrys out larger threaten.In addition, traditional gravity drainage is also easily limited by landform, no Being applicable the high residential block of the unstable area of the shallow area of fluctuating, lithosphere, soil, water proximate water level and melt pit should not excavate Too deep area, and the auxiliary construction such as large amount of sewage inspection shaft and Boosting pumping station need to be set in physical features flat country, engineering is opened Digging amount is big, causes difficulty of construction, construction and maintenance cost higher.
Therefore, the U of Chinese patent literature CN 205348353 disclose a kind of sewage vacuum collection processing system implementing, it includes Sewage confluxes pipeline, vacuum collecting well, vacuum handling pipeline, Vacuum Pumps Station and apparatus for treating sewage, wherein, sewage confluxes pipeline will During the sewage discharged from user terminal leads to vacuum collecting well;Vacuum collecting well includes valve pit, the row upwardly extended inside valve pit Dirt pipe, and the vacuum valve being connected with blow-off pipe, vacuum handling pipeline are arranged on the vacuum valve;The vacuum valve bag Working chamber is included, the medium entrance connect relative with blow-off pipe, the media outlet being connected with vacuum handling pipeline, and and working chamber Communicate, the pilot valve for controlling medium entrance and media outlet break-make;Air hatch is additionally provided with vacuum handling pipeline, it is described It is provided with the vacuum interface connect relative with the air hatch on pilot valve, the air interface communicated with air, and for Inductance valve The pressure interface of well inside liquid level, is also equiped with the sensing element for extending downward into valve pit on pressure interface, the sensing element It is connected including the air pressure conducting tube on pressure interface, and with the air pressure conducting tube for the sensing for sensing liquid level in well Pipe;On the one hand the Vacuum Pumps Station provides the power of negative pressure system, the sewage that on the other hand will be discharged from vacuum handling pipeline It is delivered in apparatus for treating sewage.
The sewage vacuum collection processing system implementing of above-mentioned technology, the collection method of sanitary sewage is collected by traditional gravity and changed For vacuum collecting, and it will collect and processing is integrated into integrated system, system is not limited by basic auxiliary facility, without relying on city Pumping equipment, efficient and ecological, environmental protective.But the sewage transport pump of above-mentioned technology is arranged on the outside of Vacuum Pumps Station, increases vacuum The floor space of work station, meanwhile, the solid state dirt of said apparatus is easily deposited on the bottom of work station, it is therefore desirable in vacuum Collect and filter is set inside well, add process and production cost.More seriously, there is temporary transient power not in work station In the case of foot, the backflow of dirt is easily caused.
Utility model content
What the utility model was solved be that existing dirt-collecting and floor space present in processing unit are big, process is more, The defect that production cost height and dirt easily flow back, and then a kind of floor space of offer is small, process is few, production cost is low and can prevent Only dirt backflow house refuse vacuum collecting and processing unit.
The utility model realizes that the technical scheme of above-mentioned purpose is:
The vacuum collecting and processing unit of a kind of house refuse, including:Connected by vacuum handling pipeline and vacuum work station Logical sewage or garbage collector,
The vacuum handling pipeline includes some anti-return pipelines and increase in pipeline being arranged alternately,
The vacuum work station and sewage or garbage collector are connected with the anti-return pipeline, adjacent described to prevent back Flow tube road is connected by the increase in pipeline;
The entrance point of the anti-return pipeline is higher than its port of export, and the anti-return pipe head and the port of export hang down Straight distance is less than the diameter of anti-return pipeline.
The volume of the increase in pipeline is less than the volume of the anti-return pipeline.
The increase in pipeline is vertically arranged.
The vacuum work station includes vacuum tank, vavuum pump, dredge pump and central control cabinet, and the dredge pump is arranged on The inside of vacuum tank, the vacuum tank is connected with the anti-return pipeline.
The vacuum work station is no less than 2, and multiple vacuum work stations are connected to each other by flange.
The first valve is set on the anti-return pipeline for connecting the vacuum tank.
In the inside for connecting the sewage or garbage collector, the second valve, second valve and the anti-return are set Pipeline is connected.
The vacuum handling pipeline is UPVC pipelines.
Described device also includes the sewage or garbage disposer being connected with the vacuum work station.
Above-mentioned technical proposal of the present utility model has the following advantages that:
(1) vacuum collecting and processing unit of house refuse described in the utility model, realizes dirt by traditional weight Power is collected and is changed to vacuum collecting, and the vacuum handling pipeline of the device includes anti-return pipeline and increase in pipeline, its vacuum work station It is connected with sewage or garbage collector with the anti-return pipeline, adjacent anti-return pipeline is connected by increase in pipeline, Increase in pipeline is vertically arranged, and the entrance point of the anti-return pipeline is higher than its port of export, and anti-return pipe head and outlet The vertical range at end is less than the diameter of anti-return pipeline, so on the one hand can increase flow tendency of the dirt in anti-return pipeline, Prevent dirt from flowing back, and the gravitional force that the friction loss of dirt is provided with gradient in pipeline can cancel out each other, and reduce energy consumption; On the other hand, because the inclined height of anti-return pipeline is less than its diameter so that dirt entrance point is minimum in anti-return pipeline Point must be less than the peak of its port of export, can so avoid dirt excessive in the port of export residual of anti-return pipeline, prevent pipe Road is blocked and vacuum has some setbacks.
In addition, vacuum work station provides power for the flowing of dirt in increase in pipeline, due to dirt uphill process needs gram Gravity is taken, the height of rising part is more low better, therefore the utility model is using segmentation rising manner, so can be to greatest extent Reduce energy consumption;And the volume of increase in pipeline described in the utility model be less than anti-return pipeline volume, can so ensure on It is temporarily stored in after the dirt backflow for rising section in tilted tube below, prevents from being back to next section of increase in pipeline.
To sum up, device described in the utility model, the vacuum handling pipeline of the device moves towards stepped, its anti-return pipe The length and angle of inclination of road and increase in pipeline are reasonable in design, can alleviate transport pressure, can also prevent dirt from returning to greatest extent Stream, blocks pipeline;In addition, pipeline rout flexibly, can avoid the various barriers in process of deployment, it is not required to carry.
(2) vacuum collecting and processing unit of house refuse described in the utility model, the vacuum work station bag of the device Include vacuum tank, vavuum pump, dredge pump and central control cabinet, the device by the way that dredge pump to be arranged on to the inside of vacuum tank, Floor space reduction is allowed to, while dredge pump can be also sufficiently stirred for during operation blowdown to dirt in tank, prevents dirt from sinking Shallow lake bottom, it is to avoid periodic cleaning link;Importantly, can avoid adding filter in vacuum tank, production is reduced Link and cost is saved.
In addition, automatic running and the stopping of central control cabinet control vavuum pump and dredge pump, vavuum pump are true in vacuum tank The bound control of reciprocal of duty cycle is opened, and thus can ensure that the vacuum moment in vacuum tank meets work requirements;The operation of dredge pump And stop the dirt liquid level bound control in vacuum tank, it is ensured that sufficiently large space trapped dirt is carved with when in vacuum tank, when Dirt be inhaled into vacuum tank it is a certain amount of after, the blowdown pump startup in vacuum tank, by garbage emission to garbage disposer.System is complete certainly Dynamic operation, it is ensured that in the case of left unguarded, the normal operation at vacuum work station is stable, efficiently.
The utility model is provided with no less than two vacuum work stations, standby when preventing the system failure of vacuum work station Opened with work station, holding system is normally run;And above-mentioned vacuum work station tank body is connected by flange, can be separated at any time, just In maintenance.
(3) vacuum collecting and processing unit of house refuse described in the utility model, by connection vacuum tank First valve is set on anti-return pipeline, and kept it turned on, thus can be ensured between vacuum handling pipeline and vacuum tank Pipeline keep negative pressure, when equipment breaks down, be turned off, so that the vacuum closed in pipeline;And it is of the present utility model Device also sets the second valve in the inside of connection sewage or garbage collector, and the valve is connected on anti-return pipeline, and will It is remained closed, and is so conducive to vacuum not leak, and it is opened when transporting dirt.
Sewage or garbage collector are internally provided with induction controller and hand push button, start or manually boot by sensing Two ways controls opening and the closing of the second valve, and when the second valve is opened, sanitary sewage and remaining meal rubbish will pass through Connecting pipe, is inhaled into vacuum tank;When induction controller breaks down, blowdown can be forced by hand push button, be easy to pair Equipment is repaired.
(4) vacuum collecting and processing unit of house refuse described in the utility model, its vacuum handling pipeline is used UPVC materials, bad smell that pipeline is corrosion-resistant, sealing is excellent, avoid rubbish brings and durable in use.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the sewage that the utility model embodiment 1 is provided and the vacuum collecting and the structure of processing unit of remaining meal rubbish Schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged drawing of vacuum handling pipeline in Fig. 1.
Wherein, reference is as follows:
1- vacuum works station;2- sewage or garbage collector;3- anti-return pipelines;4- increase in pipeline;5- vacuum tanks; 6- vavuum pumps;7- dredge pumps;8- central control cabinets;The valves of 9- first;The valves of 10- second;11- sewage or garbage disposer.
Embodiment
The technical solution of the utility model is clearly and completely described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, it is clear that described Embodiment is a part of embodiment of the utility model, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, sheet The every other embodiment that field those of ordinary skill is obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to this practicality Novel protected scope.
, it is necessary to explanation, the orientation of the instruction such as term " interior ", " outer ", " on ", " under " in description of the present utility model Or position relationship is, based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, to be for only for ease of description the utility model and simplification is retouched State, rather than indicate or imply that the device or element of meaning there must be specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, Therefore it is not intended that to limitation of the present utility model.In addition, term " connected ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, can be with It is to be fixedly connected or be detachably connected, or is integrally connected;Can be mechanical connection or electrical connection;Can be with It is to be joined directly together, can also be indirectly connected to by intermediary, can is the connection of two element internals.For the general of this area For logical technical staff, concrete meaning of the above-mentioned term in the utility model can be understood with concrete condition.
Embodiment
As shown in figure 1, the vacuum collecting and processing unit of house refuse described in the present embodiment include:
The sewage or garbage collector 2 connected by vacuum handling pipeline with vacuum work station 1, the vacuum handling pipeline Including anti-return pipeline 3 and increase in pipeline 4, vacuum handling pipeline is UPVC pipelines in the present embodiment.
Please referring also to Fig. 2, vacuum work station 1 and sewage or garbage collector 2 are connected with anti-return pipeline 3, phase Adjacent anti-return pipeline 3 is connected by the increase in pipeline 4;The entrance point of anti-return pipeline 3 is higher than its port of export, and this implementation The vertical range of the entrance point of anti-return pipeline 3 and the port of export in example is the 80% of the diameter of anti-return pipeline 3, certainly in other realities The inclined height that anti-return pipeline 3 can also be made in example is the other values less than its diameter;
It so on the one hand can make dirt in the flow process of anti-return pipeline 3, increase its flow tendency, anti-backflow;Separately On the one hand so that the minimum point of the dirt entrance point of anti-return pipeline 3 must be less than the peak of its port of export, thus can avoid dirt Thing is excessive in the port of export residual of anti-return pipeline 3, prevents line clogging and vacuum from having some setbacks;The volume of the increase in pipeline 4 is small In the volume of the anti-return pipeline 3, the dirt of ascent stage can thus be temporarily stored in inclination pipeline section below after flowing back, will not It is back to next section of ascent stage;Vacuum tank 5, vavuum pump 6, dredge pump 7 and center control are set inside the vacuum work station 1 Cabinet 8 processed, to save floor space, while making dredge pump 7 during operation blowdown, is sufficiently stirred for dirt in tank, prevents dirt Thing precipitates bottom, it is to avoid periodic cleaning and add filter, therefore the dredge pump 7 is arranged on to the inside of vacuum tank 5; Central control cabinet 8 controls automatic running and the stopping of vavuum pump 6 and dredge pump 7, vavuum pump 6 in vacuum tank 5 vacuum it is upper Lower limit control is opened;The operation and stopping of dredge pump 7 dirt liquid level bound in vacuum tank 5 are controlled, when dirt is inhaled into very After slack tank body 5 is a certain amount of, the dredge pump 7 in vacuum tank 5 starts, by garbage emission to garbage disposer 13;The present embodiment is set There are two connected vacuum work stations 1, a preparation and a use, when preventing that one of system of vacuum work station 1 from breaking down, standby work Make station to open, holding system is normally run;, can be with and the tank body of vacuum tank 5 at above-mentioned two vacuum work station 1 is connected by flange When separate, be easy to maintenance;Certainly, vacuum work station 1 can also set three, four or five in other embodiments.
The first valve 9 in first valve 9, the present embodiment is set between the vacuum handling pipeline and vacuum tank 5 For manual ball valve, and kept it turned on, thus can ensure that the pipeline between vacuum handling pipeline and vacuum tank 5 keeps negative Pressure, when equipment breaks down, is turned off, so that the vacuum closed in pipeline.Device of the present utility model is also dirty in connection The inside of water or garbage collector 2 sets the second valve 10, and the valve is connected on anti-return pipeline 3, second valve 10 be vacuum valve, and the second valve 10 is remained closed, is so conducive to vacuum not leak, in the sewage or garbage collector 2 Inside sets induction controller and hand push button two ways to control opening and the closing of the second valve 10, when 10 dozens, the second valve When opening, sanitary sewage and rubbish are inhaled into vacuum tank 5 by connecting pipe, when induction controller breaks down, can be passed through Hand push button forces blowdown, is easy to repair equipment.
The present embodiment provide device can realize hundreds of meters to thousands of meters long-distance transportations, in use, sewage or Garbage collector 2 can be maintained a certain distance with vacuum work station 1, be midpoint with vacuum work station 1, can be many places sewage Or garbage collector 2 provides operting differential pressure;Meanwhile, according to actual needs, changed by changing the power of dredge pump 7 blowdown away from From;The device that the present embodiment is provided can realize each rinse water consumption of sewage or rubbish in below 1L, and washing time is 2- 10s, the time is flexible, it is also ensured that the dirt and air entered in pipeline meets rational gas liquid ratio;In addition, the present embodiment is true Work negative pressure is -65KPa~-55KPa in empty work station 1, meets use requirement.
Obviously, above-described embodiment is only intended to clearly illustrate example, and the not restriction to embodiment.It is right For those of ordinary skill in the art, can also make on the basis of the above description it is other it is various forms of change or Change.There is no need and unable to be enumerated to all embodiments.And the obvious change thus extended out or Among the protection domain that variation is created still in the utility model.

Claims (9)

1. the vacuum collecting and processing unit of a kind of house refuse, including:By vacuum handling pipeline and vacuum work station (1) even Logical sewage or garbage collector (2), it is characterised in that
The vacuum handling pipeline includes some anti-return pipelines (3) and increase in pipeline (4) being arranged alternately,
The vacuum work station (1) and sewage or garbage collector (2) are connected with the anti-return pipeline (3), adjacent institute Anti-return pipeline (3) is stated by the increase in pipeline (4) to be connected;
The entrance point of the anti-return pipeline (3) is higher than its port of export, and anti-return pipeline (3) entrance point and the port of export Vertical range is less than the diameter of anti-return pipeline (3).
2. the vacuum collecting and processing unit of house refuse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the increase in pipeline (4) volume is less than the volume of the anti-return pipeline (3).
3. the vacuum collecting and processing unit of house refuse according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the increase in pipeline (4) it is vertically arranged.
4. the vacuum collecting and processing unit of the house refuse according to claim any one of 1-3, it is characterised in that described Vacuum work station (1) includes vacuum tank (5), vavuum pump (6), dredge pump (7) and central control cabinet (8), the dredge pump (7) The inside of vacuum tank (5) is arranged on, the vacuum tank (5) is connected with the anti-return pipeline (3).
5. the vacuum collecting and processing unit of house refuse according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the vacuum work (1) is stood no less than 2, and multiple vacuum work stations are connected to each other by flange.
6. the vacuum collecting and processing unit of house refuse according to claim 5, it is characterised in that described true connecting The first valve (9) is set on the anti-return pipeline (3) of slack tank body (5).
7. the vacuum collecting and processing unit of house refuse according to claim 6, it is characterised in that connecting the dirt The inside of water or garbage collector (2) sets the second valve (10), and second valve (10) connects with the anti-return pipeline (3) Connect.
8. the vacuum collecting and processing unit of house refuse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the vacuum handling Pipeline is UPVC pipelines.
9. the vacuum collecting and processing unit of house refuse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described device is also wrapped Include the sewage or garbage disposer (11) being connected with the vacuum work station (1).
CN201720111384.3U 2017-02-07 2017-02-07 The vacuum collecting and processing unit of a kind of house refuse Active CN206607654U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720111384.3U CN206607654U (en) 2017-02-07 2017-02-07 The vacuum collecting and processing unit of a kind of house refuse

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110420975A (en) * 2019-08-21 2019-11-08 深圳市新华宝食品设备有限公司 A kind of vacuum refuse collection processing technique

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110420975A (en) * 2019-08-21 2019-11-08 深圳市新华宝食品设备有限公司 A kind of vacuum refuse collection processing technique

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