CN206591675U - A kind of earthquake-resistant building structure - Google Patents

A kind of earthquake-resistant building structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206591675U
CN206591675U CN201720293485.7U CN201720293485U CN206591675U CN 206591675 U CN206591675 U CN 206591675U CN 201720293485 U CN201720293485 U CN 201720293485U CN 206591675 U CN206591675 U CN 206591675U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
load
layer
bearing pillar
ball
type
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201720293485.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王良杰
任国松
李学朋
耿维国
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王良杰
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Priority to CN201720293485.7U priority Critical patent/CN206591675U/en
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Publication of CN206591675U publication Critical patent/CN206591675U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of earthquake-resistant building structure, including ground layer, the upper surface of ground layer is uniformly equipped with spring, the upside of spring is provided with rubber shock-absorbing layer, the upside of rubber shock-absorbing layer is provided with agent structure, ball-type groove is equipped with four angles of the upper end of agent structure, ball-type groove is centrosymmetric distribution, ball-type groove is equipped with load-bearing pillar, load-bearing pillar includes the ball-type body bottom coordinated with ball-type groove, ball-type body bottom is caught in ball-type inside grooves, the second rubber layer is fixed with the upside of agent structure, rubber layer is provided with the through hole passed through for load-bearing pillar, the upper horizontal of load-bearing pillar is provided with crossbeam, the upside of second rubber layer is provided with the reinforcement parallel with crossbeam, between load-bearing pillar and crossbeam, rectangular frame structure is constituted by Tenon technique between load-bearing pillar and reinforcement, ground layer be longer than rubber shock-absorbing layer be filled partially with snubber block.It is that one kind effectively antidetonation be able to can be easy to repair and lower-cost earthquake-resistant building structure after shake again.

Description

A kind of earthquake-resistant building structure
Technical field
The utility model is related to construction structure technical field, in particular a kind of earthquake-resistant building structure.
Background technology
Earthquake-resistant building structure is the most critical issue that Aseismic Design is considered as, to safety and it is economical serve it is conclusive, It is the comprehensive system decision-making.But the earthquake-resistant building structure of prior art, exist and the problem of difficulty is big, prior art are repaired after shake In as the applying date be 2015.01.24, it is low that application number publication No. CN10465264A patent application patent discloses a kind of antidetonation The building structure of carbon, basic platform is the upward hemispherical of oral area, and is due to any cross section of upper body structure Heart symmetrical structure, therefore the spherical basis of normality lower half smoothly can be supported in the top support surface of cushion cap;And by inciting somebody to action Upper body structure and infrastructure structure setting form roly-poly type structure into lightness sensation in the upper and heaviness in the lower;So, in earthquake, hemisphere Shape basis and upper body structure are integrally swung on cushion cap, and local excessive stresses are not present in building structure in itself, and And can be automatically reset after swinging.The problem of can effectively solving to repair difficult after shake, but the material of the building structure of roly-poly type It is required that it is strict, build difficult, cost is high, it is difficult to be widely applied., can be both the utility model proposes one kind for problem above Effectively antidetonation it can be easy to repair and lower-cost earthquake-resistant building structure after shake again.
Utility model content
For defect present in prior art or deficiency, the utility model provides a kind of earthquake-resistant building structure, can Effective antidetonation is easy to repair and lower-cost earthquake-resistant building structure after shake again.
What the technical solution of the utility model was realized in:
A kind of earthquake-resistant building structure, including ground layer, the upside of the ground layer are uniformly equipped with multiple springs, the bullet Spring is vertically arranged, and rubber shock-absorbing layer is provided with the upside of the spring, and the upside of the rubber shock-absorbing layer is provided with agent structure, The agent structure is to be provided with ball-type groove, four balls on cuboid, four angles of the upper end of the agent structure Type groove is centrosymmetric distribution, and the ball-type groove is equipped with load-bearing pillar, and the load-bearing pillar includes recessed with the ball-type The ball-type body bottom that groove coordinates, the ball-type body bottom is caught in the ball-type inside grooves, and the top of the ball-type body bottom is Cylinder, being fixedly arranged at the upper side in the second rubber layer, the rubber layer for the agent structure is provided with for the load-bearing pillar The through hole passed through, the load-bearing pillar is vertically arranged, and the upper horizontal of the load-bearing pillar is provided with crossbeam, second rubber layer Upside is provided with the reinforcement parallel with the crossbeam, between the load-bearing pillar and the crossbeam, the load-bearing pillar with it is described plus Gu constituting rectangular frame structure by Tenon technique between beam, the area of the ground layer is more than the agent structure, described The area of rubber shock-absorbing layer, the ground layer is longer than the snubber block that is filled partially with of the rubber shock-absorbing layer, and the snubber block is erected Straight to set, the upper end of the snubber block is above the ground level.
It is preferred that, the connecting portion between the crossbeam and the load-bearing pillar, between the load-bearing pillar and the reinforcement It is additionally provided with reinforcing member, the reinforcing member is arranged between the angle of the crossbeam and load-bearing pillar formation, the load-bearing pillar Between the angle of reinforcement formation, the reinforcing member includes reinforcing member body, is provided with the reinforcing member body many Individual screwed hole, the screwed hole is equipped with bolt.
It is preferred that, the L-type that the reinforcing member body is in, the L-type corner is provided with chamfering.
It is preferred that, the ground layer includes concrete layer and the construction waste being arranged on the downside of concrete layer layer.
It is preferred that, the snubber block includes metallic plate and the elastic shock attenuation block being arranged on the inside of the metallic plate, the gold Category plate is shock absorbing foam metallic plate.
It is preferred that, it is also equipped with shock absorbing foam metallic plate between the agent structure and second rubber layer.
It is preferred that, the shock absorbing foam metallic plate is foamed aluminium board.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
The utility model discloses a kind of earthquake-resistant building structure, including ground layer, and the upside of the ground layer is uniformly equipped with Multiple springs, the spring is vertically arranged, and rubber shock-absorbing layer, the upside of the rubber shock-absorbing layer are provided with the upside of the spring Agent structure is provided with, the agent structure is to be provided with ball-type on cuboid, four angles of the upper end of the agent structure Groove, four ball-type grooves are centrosymmetric distribution, and the ball-type groove is equipped with load-bearing pillar, the load-bearing pillar bag The ball-type body bottom coordinated with the ball-type groove is included, the ball-type body bottom is caught in the ball-type inside grooves, the ball-type The top of body bottom is cylinder, and being fixedly arranged at the upper side in the second rubber layer, the rubber layer for the agent structure is set There is the through hole passed through for the load-bearing pillar, the load-bearing pillar is vertically arranged, and the upper horizontal of the load-bearing pillar is provided with crossbeam, institute State and the reinforcement parallel with the crossbeam is provided with the upside of the second rubber layer, between the load-bearing pillar and the crossbeam, described Rectangular frame structure is constituted by Tenon technique between load-bearing pillar and the reinforcement, the area of the ground layer is more than described The area of agent structure, rubber shock-absorbing layer, what the ground layer was longer than rubber shock-absorbing layer is filled partially with snubber block, The snubber block is vertically arranged, and the upper end of the snubber block is above the ground level.Can obtain one kind can effectively antidetonation again just In reparation and lower-cost earthquake-resistant building structure after shake.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model reinforcing member.
Reference:1st, ground layer;101st, concrete layer;102nd, construction waste layer;11st, spring;12nd, rubber shock-absorbing layer; 2nd, agent structure;21st, ball-type groove;22nd, the second rubber layer;3rd, load-bearing pillar;31st, crossbeam;32nd, reinforcement;33rd, snubber block; 331st, metallic plate;332nd, elastic shock attenuation block;34th, reinforcing member;341st, screwed hole;342nd, bolt.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment is carried out Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not under the premise of creative work is made The every other embodiment obtained, belongs to the scope of the utility model protection.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of earthquake-resistant building structure, including ground layer 1, the upside of the ground layer 1 is uniformly equipped with many Individual spring 11, the spring 11 is vertically arranged, and the setting of the spring 11 can effectively slow down the torsion for the building that earthquake is caused Turn power, protection structure reduces the destruction of building structure.The upside of the spring 11 is provided with rubber shock-absorbing layer 12, the rubber The setting of buffer layer 12 both can be moistureproof, and cushioning effect can be played again.
The upside of the rubber shock-absorbing layer 12 is provided with agent structure 2, and the agent structure 2 is cuboid, the main body It is provided with ball-type groove 21 on four angles of the upper end of structure 2, four ball-type grooves 21 are centrosymmetric distribution, described Ball-type groove 21 is equipped with load-bearing pillar 3, and the load-bearing pillar 3 includes the ball-type body bottom coordinated with the ball-type groove 21 31, the ball-type body bottom 31 is caught in inside the ball-type groove 21, and the top of the ball-type body bottom 31 is cylinder.It is described The volume of ball-type body bottom 31 is slightly less than the depression volume of the ball-type groove 21, and the aperture area of the ball-type groove 21 is bigger In the cross-sectional area of the cylinder, the load-bearing pillar 3 can be with the ball-type when by sufficiently large earthquake wave action Groove 21 is swung by a small margin for fixed point, so as to weaken shearing force of the seismic wave to building, and then protects building.
Being fixedly arranged at the upper side in the second rubber layer 22, the rubber layer of the agent structure 2 is provided with holds for described in The through hole that weight post 3 passes through, the one side of the second rubber layer 22 can play the work of the fixed load-bearing pillar 3 in the non-earthquake's period With, it on the other hand can be played in the earthquake's period and slow down seismic wave, the flexible angle of inclination for reducing the load-bearing pillar 3, and With the effect for protecting the load-bearing pillar 3.The load-bearing pillar 3 is vertically arranged, and the upper horizontal of the load-bearing pillar 3 is provided with crossbeam 31, the upside of second rubber layer 22 is provided with the reinforcement 32 parallel with the crossbeam 31, the load-bearing pillar 3 and the horizontal stroke Pass through Tenon technique between beam 31, between the load-bearing pillar 3 and the reinforcement 32 and constitute rectangular frame structure.Joinery and its construction Can effectively damping, and due between the load-bearing pillar 3 and the crossbeam 31, the load-bearing pillar 3 and the reinforcement 32 it Between constitute rectangular frame structure, when running into powerful earthquake, can to occur certain angle with strong motion wave inclined for rectangular frame structure Move, the inclination of certain angle occurs for the load-bearing pillar 3, and the crossbeam 31 and the reinforcement 32 keep level, make entirely to build Thing is built to be changed into parallelogram and be unlikely to cave in.It is more convenient for repairing after shake, and reduces casualties.
The area of the ground layer 1 is more than the agent structure 2, the area of rubber shock-absorbing layer 12, the ground layer 1 Be longer than the rubber shock-absorbing layer 12 is filled partially with snubber block 33, and the snubber block 33 is vertically arranged, the snubber block 33 Upper end is above the ground level.The snubber block 33 includes metallic plate 331 and is arranged at the elastic shock attenuation block of the inner side of metallic plate 331 332, the metallic plate 331 can both prevent caving in for the ground layer 1, and prevent the ground layer 1, rubber shock-absorbing layer 12nd, significantly displacement occurs for the agent structure 2, and the elastic shock attenuation block 332 can play cushioning effect, reduce describedly Basic unit 1, rubber shock-absorbing layer 12, the agent structure 2 and the effect of impact of the metallic plate 331, make whole building more It is stable.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, between the crossbeam 31 and the load-bearing pillar 3, the load-bearing pillar 3 and the reinforcement 32 it Between connecting portion be additionally provided with reinforcing member 34, the reinforcing member 34 is arranged at the crossbeam 31 and the load-bearing pillar 3 formation Between angle, between the angle that the load-bearing pillar 3 and the reinforcement 32 are formed, the reinforcing member 34 includes reinforcing member body, Multiple screwed holes 341 are provided with the reinforcing member body, the screwed hole 341 is equipped with bolt 342.The reinforcing member 34 are used for the connection of the daily reinforcing load-bearing pillar 3 and the crossbeam 31, the load-bearing pillar 3 and the reinforcement 32, reduce day The daily inclination of normal load-bearing pillar 3, when running into violent earthquake the reinforcing member 34 depart from there may be deformation the crossbeam 31, The load-bearing pillar 3 or the reinforcement 32.
The L-type that the reinforcing member body is in, the L-type corner is provided with chamfering.The chamfering plays floor effect.
The ground layer 1 includes mixing the construction waste layer 102 for being arranged at the downside of concrete layer 101.The building Waste material layer 102 replaces metalling, realizes the recycling of construction waste.
The metallic plate 331 is shock absorbing foam metallic plate.Foam metal refers to the special metal material containing foam stomata. By its unique design feature, foam metal possesses that density is small, heat-proof quality is good, sound insulation value is good and can absorb electromagnetism A series of good advantages such as ripple, are that the class new material progressively grown up with mankind's science and technology is usually used in Aero-Space, stone In a series of commercial developments such as oiling work.The porosity of foam metal usually reaches more than 90%, and with some strength and just The porous metals of degree.Metal material containing foam-like stomata is compared with general sintered porous metal, the porosity of foam metal Higher, aperture size is larger, up to 7 millimeters.Due to foam metal be by metallic matrix skeleton continuous phase and stomata dispersed phase or The two-phase composite material of continuous phase composition, therefore its property depends on metallic matrix, the porosity and air hole structure used, and it is restricted The influence of standby technique.Generally, the mechanical property of foam metal is reduced with the increase of the porosity, its electric conductivity, thermal conductivity also phase Reduction should be had exponent relation.When foam metal bears pressure, lifting surface area increase and material should caused by being collapsed due to stomata Strain hardening effect so that foam metal has excellent absorption ability for impact energy.
Shock absorbing foam metallic plate is also equipped between the agent structure 2 and second rubber layer 22.
The shock absorbing foam metallic plate is foamed aluminium board.Foamed aluminium and its alloy light weight, with sound-absorbing, heat-insulated, vibration damping, suction Receive the characteristic such as impact energy and electromagnetic wave.
General principle of the present utility model, principal character and advantage of the present utility model has been shown and described above.One's own profession The technical staff of industry is it should be appreciated that the utility model is not restricted to the described embodiments, described in above-described embodiment and specification Simply illustrate principle of the present utility model, on the premise of the utility model spirit and scope are not departed from, the utility model is also Various changes and modifications are had, these changes and improvements are both fallen within the range of claimed the utility model.The utility model Claimed scope is by appended claims and its equivalent thereof.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of earthquake-resistant building structure, it is characterised in that:Including ground layer, the upside of the ground layer is uniformly equipped with multiple bullets Spring, the spring is vertically arranged, and rubber shock-absorbing layer is provided with the upside of the spring, and the upside of the rubber shock-absorbing layer is provided with Agent structure, the agent structure is to be provided with ball-type groove, four on cuboid, four angles of the upper end of the agent structure The individual ball-type groove is centrosymmetric distribution, and the ball-type groove is equipped with load-bearing pillar, and the load-bearing pillar includes and institute The ball-type body bottom of ball-type groove cooperation is stated, the ball-type body bottom is caught in the ball-type inside grooves, the ball-type body bottom Top be cylinder, being fixedly arranged at the upper side to be provided with the second rubber layer, the rubber layer of the agent structure supplies institute The through hole that load-bearing pillar passes through is stated, the load-bearing pillar is vertically arranged, the upper horizontal of the load-bearing pillar is provided with crossbeam, described second The reinforcement parallel with the crossbeam is provided with the upside of rubber layer, between the load-bearing pillar and the crossbeam, the load-bearing pillar Rectangular frame structure is constituted by Tenon technique between the reinforcement, the area of the ground layer is more than the body junction The area of structure, rubber shock-absorbing layer, the ground layer is longer than the snubber block that is filled partially with of the rubber shock-absorbing layer, described to subtract Shake block is vertically arranged, and the upper end of the snubber block is above the ground level.
2. a kind of earthquake-resistant building structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Between the crossbeam and the load-bearing pillar, Connecting portion between the load-bearing pillar and the reinforcement is additionally provided with reinforcing member, the reinforcing member be arranged at the crossbeam with Between the angle of the load-bearing pillar formation, between the angle that the load-bearing pillar and the reinforcement are formed, the reinforcing member includes Multiple screwed holes are provided with reinforcing member body, the reinforcing member body, the screwed hole is equipped with bolt.
3. a kind of earthquake-resistant building structure as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:The L-type that the reinforcing member body is in, it is described L-type corner is provided with chamfering.
4. a kind of earthquake-resistant building structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The ground layer includes concrete layer and set The construction waste layer being placed on the downside of the concrete layer.
5. a kind of earthquake-resistant building structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The snubber block includes metallic plate and setting Elastic shock attenuation block on the inside of the metallic plate, the metallic plate is shock absorbing foam metallic plate.
6. a kind of earthquake-resistant building structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The agent structure and second rubber Shock absorbing foam metallic plate is also equipped between layer.
7. a kind of earthquake-resistant building structure as described in claim any one of 5-6, it is characterised in that:The shock absorbing foam metallic plate For foamed aluminium board.
CN201720293485.7U 2017-03-24 2017-03-24 A kind of earthquake-resistant building structure Expired - Fee Related CN206591675U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720293485.7U CN206591675U (en) 2017-03-24 2017-03-24 A kind of earthquake-resistant building structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720293485.7U CN206591675U (en) 2017-03-24 2017-03-24 A kind of earthquake-resistant building structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206591675U true CN206591675U (en) 2017-10-27

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109137723A (en) * 2018-09-28 2019-01-04 河北航科工程检测设备技术有限公司 support

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109137723A (en) * 2018-09-28 2019-01-04 河北航科工程检测设备技术有限公司 support
CN109137723B (en) * 2018-09-28 2020-08-25 河北航科工程检测设备技术有限公司 Support base

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20171027

Termination date: 20190324