CN206584724U - Multitube cucurbit flute - Google Patents

Multitube cucurbit flute Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206584724U
CN206584724U CN201621433736.9U CN201621433736U CN206584724U CN 206584724 U CN206584724 U CN 206584724U CN 201621433736 U CN201621433736 U CN 201621433736U CN 206584724 U CN206584724 U CN 206584724U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sound tube
finger
hole
pipe shaft
multitube
Prior art date
Application number
CN201621433736.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵洪啸
Original Assignee
赵洪啸
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Application filed by 赵洪啸 filed Critical 赵洪啸
Priority to CN201621433736.9U priority Critical patent/CN206584724U/en
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Publication of CN206584724U publication Critical patent/CN206584724U/en

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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of multitube cucurbit flute, including sound tube, and the sound tube includes gas tank and pipe shaft, and one end connection pipe shaft of the gas tank, the other end opens up blow gun, and the quantity of the sound tube is more than two, and the bore of each sound tube is different;The pipe shaft of the every sound tube sets tongue to extension inside the gas tank, the surface of pipe shaft extension;The size of the tongue increases with the increase of the bore of the sound tube;All sound tube pipe shafts are connected side by side.The bore of sound tube and the size of tongue influence whether the vibrating effect of gas shock tongue, and then influence its range.Using the sound tube of multiple different bores, and according to the tongue of the size of bore setting corresponding size, the sound tube of different bores is set to reach different ranges.During performance, the relatively independent pronunciation of each sound tube can play out the melody of different note pitches;Meanwhile, each sound tube can also be connected to the broader range of overall performance.

Description

Multitube cucurbit flute

Technical field

The utility model is related to reed pipe kind musical instrument field, more particularly to a kind of multitube cucurbit flute.

Background technology

Cucurbit flute belongs to reed pipe kind musical instrument, and its structure is made up of a hollow cucurbit and three bamboo trunks.Cucurbit upper end is to blow Mouth, lower end is connected with three bamboo trunks.In three bamboo trunks, middle bamboo trunk diameter is keynote pipe to the maximum, both sides for subharmonics pipe.It is main Sound tube surface opens up finger-hole, and subharmonics pipe is without finger-hole.When playing wind instruments, finger controls the finger-hole of keynote pipe to play out the sound of different pitches, If major-minor pipe is opened simultaneously, number pipe is volleyed when playing wind instruments, and melody only comes from supervisor, and looped pipeline is only mutually set off with harmonious lasting single-tone. But, traditional cucurbit flute by the size of cucurbit cavity due to being limited, and its range is narrow, causes the song of many wider ranges It can not play.

Utility model content

The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of multitube cucurbit flute, and the range for solving existing cucurbit flute narrower is asked Topic.

In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides following technical scheme:

Multitube cucurbit flute, including sound tube, the sound tube include gas tank and pipe shaft, and one end of the gas tank connects pipe shaft, separately One end opens up blow gun, the quantity of the sound tube for two and more than, the bore of each sound tube is different;The pipe shaft is to the gas Extend inside case, the surface of pipe shaft extension sets tongue;The size of the tongue is with the increase of the bore of the sound tube And increase;All sound tubes are connected side by side.Air-flow enters after gas tank from blow gun, gas shock tongue, tongue vibrations, and in pipe shaft Cavity resonance vibrations realize pronunciation.The bore of sound tube and the size of tongue influence whether the vibrations effect of gas shock tongue Really, and then its range is influenceed.In the utility model, set using the sound tube of multiple different bores, and according to the size of bore The tongue of corresponding size is put, the sound tube of different bores is reached different ranges.During performance, the relatively independent hair of each sound tube Sound, can play out the melody of different note pitches;Meanwhile, each sound tube can also be connected to the broader sound of overall performance Domain.

In a preferred embodiment, according to sound tube bore size, the pipe shaft is in turn connected to form one Row.

In a preferred embodiment, the gas tank is cylindrical shape, and the diameter of the pipe shaft is not more than the gas tank Diameter.Gas tank uses the cylindric structural change calabash shaped of existing gas tank so that multiple sound tubes are convenient to fix side by side, and The distance of blow gun will not be convenient to play far apart.

In a preferred embodiment, according to the order of connection of pipe shaft, the straight line of blow gun arrangement form one.

In a preferred embodiment, according to the order of connection of flute pipe, the gas tank length of each sound tube is successively Increase or decrease.Finger-hole in sound tube is opened on pipe shaft, and the position of finger-hole is changed also with the length ends of air chamber.It is logical The length for increasing or decreasing gas tank successively is crossed, the finger-hole in each sound tube is formed a line successively along sound tube orientation, is being played When facilitate playing for finger, make fingering convenient.In a preferred embodiment, the maximum sound tube of the bore of sound tube is low Sound sound tube, the sound tube that the bore of sound tube is minimum is high pitch sound tube, and other sound tubes are middle pitch sound tube;The pipe of the bass sound tube 8 finger-holes are opened up with it.

In a preferred embodiment, 4-5 finger-hole, the middle pitch sound tube are opened up on the pipe shaft of the high pitch sound tube Pipe shaft on open up 4-5 finger-hole

In a preferred embodiment, in the bass sound tube finger-hole aperture is maximum, in the high pitch sound tube Finger-hole aperture is minimum, and the finger-hole aperture in the middle pitch sound tube is between the finger-hole aperture of the bass sound tube and the high pitch sound tube Finger-hole aperture between.

In a preferred embodiment, in the bass sound tube finger-hole spacing is maximum, in the high pitch sound tube Finger-hole spacing is minimum, finger-hole spacing and the high pitch sound tube of the finger-hole spacing in the middle pitch sound tube between the bass sound tube Finger-hole spacing between.

In a preferred embodiment, the quantity of the sound tube is 2-5.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are:

The bore of sound tube and the size of tongue influence whether the vibrating effect of gas shock tongue, and then influence its sound Domain.Using the sound tube of multiple different bores, and according to the tongue of the size of bore setting corresponding size, make different bores Sound tube can reach different ranges.During performance, the relatively independent pronunciation of each sound tube can play out the pleasure of different note pitches It is bent;Meanwhile, each sound tube can also be connected to the broader range of overall performance.

Brief description of the drawings

, below will be to embodiment in order to illustrate more clearly of the utility model embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art Or the accompanying drawing used required in description of the prior art is briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only It is some embodiments of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, before creative labor is not paid Put, other accompanying drawings can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.

Fig. 1 is a kind of partial sectional view of embodiment of the present utility model;

Fig. 2 is the connection explosive view of pipe shaft and gas tank;

Fig. 3 is a kind of structural representation of embodiment of the present utility model.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing of the present utility model, the technical solution of the utility model is clearly and completely described, Obviously, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the utility model, rather than whole embodiments.Based on this practicality Embodiment in new, the every other reality that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Example is applied, the scope of the utility model protection is belonged to.

With reference to shown in Fig. 1-2, the multitube cucurbit flute that a kind of embodiment of the present utility model is provided, including three sound tubes 10. The quantity of sound tube 10 can also be according to being increased and decreased the need for use, and quantity is typically in 2-5 roots.Every sound tube 10 all includes gas Case 11 and pipe shaft 12.Gas tank 11 is processed into cylindrical shape, and three sound tubes 10 are fixed into a row to facilitate.One end of gas tank 11 is opened up Blow gun 110, the other end opens up connecting hole 111.Pipe shaft 12 is processed into cylindrical shape.Preferably, the overall diameter of pipe shaft 12 and gas tank 11 Overall diameter it is the same, whole sound tube 10 is presented integral effect, it is on the other hand convenient to carry out multiple sound tubes 10 simultaneously Row fixes.Pipe shaft 12 is connected with gas tank 11 for convenience, the overall diameter of the one end of pipe shaft 12 is processed into the interior diameter of gas tank 11 Match somebody with somebody, the end is inserted into connecting hole 111, and be connected pipe shaft 12 with gas tank 11 by way of stickup.Pipe shaft 12 is inserted After connecting hole 111, the insertion portion along pipe shaft 12 to gas tank 11 inside extend, the part pipe shaft 12 inside gas tank is Pipe shaft extension 120.Being opened up on the surface of pipe shaft extension 120 can be by clamping, stickup or its other party in mounting groove, mounting groove Formula fixes tongue 121.The bore of three sound tubes 10 is variant, and the size of tongue 121 is with the increase of the bore of sound tube 10 And increase.The size of tongue 121 includes its outline size and thickness.In the maximum sound tube 10 of bore, the thickness of tongue 121 Greatly, overall size is big.In the minimum sound tube 10 of bore, the thickness of thin of tongue 121, overall size is small.

The outer wall of sound tube 10 is in turn connected to form a row.The side such as glue, rope or clamping block can be passed through between sound tube 10 Formula links together, and can also utilize the technology cast that many sound tubes, by die casting, are integrally formed and linked together.It is excellent Selection of land, sound tube 10 is in turn connected to form a row according to the bore of sound tube 10 from big to small.Meanwhile, the size of tongue 121 is also from big It is arranged in order to small.The range order arrangement successively from big to small of sound tube can so be made, facilitate player to be played.Sound tube 10 connections are in a row, and make the shape of aperture blowing 11 in line, switch during convenient performance.

Such as Fig. 3, the sound tube that the bore of sound tube is maximum is bass sound tube 101, and the sound tube that the bore of sound tube is minimum is height Sound sound tube 102, it is middle for middle pitch sound tube 103.The pipe shaft front of bass sound tube 101 opens up 6 finger-holes 1011, and the back side opens up 2 Individual finger-hole 1012.Finger-hole 1012 is located at the two ends of finger-hole 1011 respectively.Preferably, the center line and 2 finger-holes of 6 finger-holes 1011 Axisymmetrical of 1012 center line along keynote pipe 101.Meanwhile, two fringe knot holes 1013 are opened up in the end of bass sound tube 101, For the ornamental fringe knot of tying-up.4 finger-holes 1021 are opened up in the pipe shaft front of high pitch sound tube 102, the back side opens up 1 finger-hole 1022.Finger-hole 1022 is located at the end of the pipe shaft of subharmonics pipe 102.The center line of the center line of finger-hole 1021 and finger-hole 1022 is along attached The axisymmetrical of sound tube 102.The finger-hole set-up mode of middle pitch sound tube 103 is as the finger-hole set-up mode of high pitch sound tube 102. Finger-hole aperture in bass sound tube 101 is maximum, and the finger-hole aperture of middle pitch sound tube 103 is taken second place, and the finger-hole aperture of high pitch sound tube 102 is most It is small.Moreover, the finger-hole spacing in bass sound tube 101 is maximum, the finger-hole spacing of middle pitch sound tube 103 is taken second place, the finger of high pitch sound tube 102 Pitch of holes is minimum.By the size of the setting to finger-hole size and spacing, further control air-flow, so as to pass through fingering Control cause tone difference.In other embodiment of the present utility model, it can also expand on the basis of three sound tubes 10 Exhibition, such as increase sound tube of the bore between bass sound tube 101 and high pitch sound tube 102, more broad many to form range Pipe cucurbit flute.The sound tube different by increasing bore so that multitube cucurbit flute sequentially form a times high pitch, it is high pitch, middle pitch, secondary Each different range of middle pitch, bass, times bass, range is more broad.

In order that the fingering of player is simple, it is easy to play, in one embodiment, according to the arrangement of each sound tube 10 Sequentially, the length of gas tank 11 of each sound tube increases successively, or reduces.Such as Fig. 3, in bass sound tube 101, the length of gas tank 11 It is most short.Middle pitch sound tube 103, the length of gas tank 11 is longer than the length of gas tank 11 of bass sound tube 101.In high pitch sound tube 102, gas tank 11 Length it is most long.With the extension of the length of gas tank 11, the finger-hole position on pipe shaft is elapsed also with toward sound tube end.Pass through The length of gas tank is increased or decreased successively, and the position of first finger-hole of each sound tube is elapsed toward sound tube end successively so that each The finger-hole of root sound tube forms one along sound tube orientation and arranged, and facilitates finger to switch between different sound tubes.

It is described above, embodiment only of the present utility model, but protection domain of the present utility model do not limit to In this, any one skilled in the art can readily occur in change in the technical scope that the utility model is disclosed Or replace, it should all cover within protection domain of the present utility model.Therefore, protection domain of the present utility model should be described with power The protection domain that profit is required is defined.

Claims (10)

1. multitube cucurbit flute, including sound tube, the sound tube include gas tank and pipe shaft, one end connection pipe shaft of the gas tank is another End opens up blow gun, it is characterised in that:The quantity of the sound tube be two and more than, the bore of each sound tube is different;Every institute The pipe shaft of sound tube is stated to extension inside the gas tank, the surface of pipe shaft extension sets tongue;The size of the tongue is with institute State the increase of the bore of sound tube and increase;All sound tube pipe shafts are connected side by side.
2. multitube cucurbit flute according to claim 1, it is characterised in that according to the size of the bore of sound tube, the pipe Body is in turn connected to form a row.
3. multitube cucurbit flute according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the gas tank is cylindrical shape, the pipe shaft Diameter is not more than the diameter of the gas tank.
4. multitube cucurbit flute according to claim 3, it is characterised in that according to the order of connection of pipe shaft, the blow gun row Row shape is in line.
5. multitube cucurbit flute according to claim 4, it is characterised in that according to the order of connection of sound tube, each sound The gas tank length of pipe is increased or decreased successively.
6. the multitube cucurbit flute according to claim 4 or 5, it is characterised in that the maximum sound tube of the bore of sound tube is low Sound sound tube, the sound tube that the bore of sound tube is minimum is high pitch sound tube, and other sound tubes are middle pitch sound tube;The pipe of the bass sound tube 8 finger-holes are opened up with it.
7. multitube cucurbit flute according to claim 6, it is characterised in that 4-5 are opened up on the pipe shaft of the high pitch sound tube 4-5 finger-hole is opened up on finger-hole, the pipe shaft of the middle pitch sound tube.
8. multitube cucurbit flute according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the finger-hole aperture in the bass sound tube is maximum, Finger-hole aperture in the high pitch sound tube is minimum, and the finger-hole aperture in the middle pitch sound tube is between the finger-hole hole of the bass sound tube Between footpath and the finger-hole aperture of the high pitch sound tube.
9. multitube cucurbit flute according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the finger-hole spacing in the bass sound tube is maximum, Finger-hole spacing in the high pitch sound tube is minimum, and the finger-hole spacing in the middle pitch sound tube is between the finger-hole of the bass sound tube Between finger-hole spacing away from the high pitch sound tube.
10. the multitube cucurbit flute according to claim 1,2,4 or 9, it is characterised in that the quantity of the sound tube is 2-5.
CN201621433736.9U 2016-12-26 2016-12-26 Multitube cucurbit flute CN206584724U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621433736.9U CN206584724U (en) 2016-12-26 2016-12-26 Multitube cucurbit flute

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621433736.9U CN206584724U (en) 2016-12-26 2016-12-26 Multitube cucurbit flute

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206584724U true CN206584724U (en) 2017-10-24

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201621433736.9U CN206584724U (en) 2016-12-26 2016-12-26 Multitube cucurbit flute

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109215619A (en) * 2018-08-13 2019-01-15 中国矿业大学 A kind of acciaccatura flute tongue

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109215619A (en) * 2018-08-13 2019-01-15 中国矿业大学 A kind of acciaccatura flute tongue

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