CN206516033U - A kind of Multifunctional power transmission line alert detecting device - Google Patents

A kind of Multifunctional power transmission line alert detecting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206516033U
CN206516033U CN201720155672.9U CN201720155672U CN206516033U CN 206516033 U CN206516033 U CN 206516033U CN 201720155672 U CN201720155672 U CN 201720155672U CN 206516033 U CN206516033 U CN 206516033U
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China
Prior art keywords
monitoring
module
transmission line
battery
cabinet
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201720155672.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卢银均
孟遂民
卢靖
刘闯
陈思凡
杨鸽子
向乃瑞
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China Three Gorges University
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China Three Gorges University
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Priority to CN201720155672.9U priority Critical patent/CN206516033U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

A kind of Multifunctional power transmission line alert detecting device, it includes the device cabinet being fixedly mounted on the lined face angle of electric power pylon tower head, the major function of device is that the data of various kinds of equipment are handled and analyzed, cabinet lower end is respectively equipped with four armouring being connected with monitoring device insulating signal transmission lines, cabinet inside is provided with the battery being powered with alert detecting device, battery is connected by shielded cable with the sensing electricity getting device on aerial earth wire, four monitoring devices are separately mounted in four main materials of steel tower, monitoring device is provided with multiple sensors equipment.The utility model provides a kind of simple in construction, energy-conserving and environment-protective, stereoscopic and omnibearing, and the transmission line of electricity monitoring alarm of a variety of functions can be realized, and shooting picture and video can be realized, with circuit operation, control centre coordinates, destruction steel tower is prevented in time, the effect with fire prevention, anti-digging.

Description

A kind of Multifunctional power transmission line alert detecting device
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of transmission line of electricity on-line monitoring field, more particularly to a kind of Multifunctional power transmission line alarm Monitoring device.
Background technology
After most domestic rural area and outlying district are powered in succession, transmission tower mostly in the wild, especially transmit electricity by arrangement Steel tower, tower material is made by steel, is worth with certain economic recovery, but due to lacking special messenger guard, gives some criminals Can into machine.In circuit actual motion, high voltage transmission lines and electric power facility earthing pole, down conductor occur for many places The stolen case such as round steel, transmission tower angle steel and bolt, and increased, being frequently stolen for high-voltage power line, are often resulted in The serious accidents such as large-area power-cuts, heavy economic losses is brought to power department and users, has had a strong impact on enterprises and institutions single Position and the normal life of the people.As the material base of electric power industry development, electrical network facilities are responsible for conveying, distribution electric energy Task, with put many, wide, line length, exposed field the characteristics of, this be also electric power facility it is easy by external world the reason for, According to statistics, the power outage in the whole nation nearly 1/3rd is all because caused by external force destruction power network, researching and developing effective electric power pylon Anti-theft alarm system, will effectively frighten criminal, and the phenomenon for reducing and preventing to steal electric power facility occurs.
Simultaneously, with the development & construction in city, line corridor is gradually occupied, or even occurs around iron tower foundation The situation that soil is mined.Because the soil that iron tower foundation is subject to around the important key component of steel tower, basis ensure that Steel tower bear circuit on pull out and down force, if soil by the iron tower foundation that scoops away can not bear circuit power occur shaft tower topple Serious accident;In recent years, mountain fire frequently occurred, and steel tower and wire manufacture for metal, when environment temperature is higher, tower material of iron tower It will soften, tower body bends under load action, wire occurs to melt and it is possible that the situation of broken string.
In circuit alarm device earlier, all simply to realize a kind of device of function merely, and GSM/GPRS is used Communicated, this has occurred as soon as picture and information transfer produces expensive information communication cost, and based on the wireless of GSM/GPRS Transmit has limitation for the transmission of the Large Volume Datas such as video, adds going out for present new technology and the transmission of OPGW optical fiber Existing, old equipment can not have been met in modern electric operation the need for circuit alert detecting.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of simple in construction, energy-conserving and environment-protective, stereoscopic and omnibearing, and energy The transmission line of electricity monitoring alarm of a variety of functions is realized, and shooting picture and video can be realized, control centre is run with circuit Coordinate, destruction steel tower is prevented in time, the effect with fire prevention, anti-digging.
In order to solve the above problems, the technical solution of the utility model is:A kind of Multifunctional power transmission line alert detecting dress Put, it includes the device cabinet being fixedly mounted on the lined face angle of electric power pylon tower head, and the major function of device is to all kinds of The data of equipment are handled and analyzed, and cabinet lower end is respectively equipped with four armouring being connected with monitoring device insulating signal transmission Line, cabinet inside is provided with the battery being powered with alert detecting device, and battery passes through on shielded cable and aerial earth wire Sensing electricity getting device connection, four monitoring devices are separately mounted in four main materials of steel tower, and monitoring device is provided with a variety of Sensor device.
Further, a ultrasonic radar tracking equipment is provided with below the monitoring device, radar sends radar wave The object of activity is tracked, the distance that its covering radius should be between more than two tower legs when setting radar, radar is used single time Road ultrasonic radar;
Further, the front of the monitoring device is provided with an infrared imaging device, and the device includes infrared emitting Device and infrared receiver, are visited for the object with heat to steel tower surrounding, and infrared ray sensor uses non-system Cold mould focus planar detector, and with infrared photography function, on the side of infrared imaging device provided with 3 warning device states Indicator lamp, is expressed as normal operation, failure and holding state;
Further, the top of the monitoring device is provided with a water droplet camera, and camera minute surface is sphere, can shoot wide Angle photo and 720P HD videos, are provided with a LED in the top of water droplet camera, are that shooting at night photo and video provide light Source;
Further, the monitoring device at iron tower main material with being provided with Vibration induction sensor, shock sensor and master The contact position of material angle steel, which is provided with the middle of a vulcanie packing ring, hard washer and spring, sets shock sensor to pop one's head in, so It is provided in alloing probe preferably with steel tower corner iron contact, accurately monitors that what steel tower was subject to beats and destroy vibrations Spectrum;
Further, the right side of the monitoring device is provided with loudspeaker, and report is driven to being sent close to the humans and animals of steel tower Alert sound;
Further, the shielded cable with sensing power taking, enters inside cable provided with device cabinet with OPGW ground wires The optical fiber of row signal transmission;
Further, the sensing electricity getting device is arranged on OPGW ground wires, and electricity getting device is two panels semicircle opening-closing structure, By bolted splice, electricity getting device upper piece and bottom sheet are provided with induction coil, and sealing is provided with two panels electricity getting device fastening Pad, two panels electricity getting device tightens fixation using bolt, and OPGW optical fiber crossover subs are internally provided with electricity getting device so that screen The optical fiber covered in cable is connected with OPGW ground wire optical fiber;
Further, the system control module includes infrared imaging module, radar control module, shock sensor control Molding block, instruction lamp control module, shooting and lighting control module, intelligence are propagandaed directed to communicate and alarm module, data processing module and electricity Source control module, wherein battery management module are with chargeable storage and electricity-fetching module using being electrically connected, and electricity-fetching module is included Transformer, excess voltage protection, DC filter and alternating current filter, and by transformer induced coil from powered ground wire Upper power taking, charges to battery, can extend the use time of battery, data processing module and data storage module are using electricity Gas is connected, and infrared imaging module includes infrared emitting module, infrared receiver module, passes through the reliable control of modules System, realizes that monitoring warning device is effectively run.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is overall structure figure of the present utility model,
Fig. 2 is monitoring device structure chart of the present utility model,
Fig. 3 is monitoring device shock sensor partial structural diagram of the present utility model,
Fig. 4 is electricity getting device structure front view of the present utility model,
Fig. 5 is electricity getting device structural side view of the present utility model,
Fig. 6 is system module schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Embodiment
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 6, a kind of Multifunctional power transmission line alert detecting device, it includes being fixedly mounted on electric power pylon Device cabinet 3 on the lined face angle of tower head, the major function of device 3 is that the data of various kinds of equipment are handled and analyzed, The lower end of cabinet 3 is respectively equipped with the four armouring insulating signal being connected with monitoring device 1 transmission lines 2, and the inside of cabinet 1 is provided with and alarm The battery that monitoring device is powered, battery is connected by shielded cable 4 with the sensing electricity getting device 5 on aerial earth wire, Four monitoring devices 1 are separately mounted in four main materials 7 of steel tower, and monitoring device 1 is provided with multiple sensors equipment.
Further, the lower section of the monitoring device 1 is provided with a ultrasonic radar tracking equipment, and radar 11 sends radar Ripple is tracked to the object of activity, and the distance that its covering radius should be between more than two tower legs when setting radar 11, radar 11 is adopted Use single loop ultrasonic radar;
Further, the front of the monitoring device 1 is provided with an infrared imaging device 12, and the device 12 includes infrared ray Transmitter and infrared receiver, are visited, infrared ray sensor 12 is adopted for the object with heat to steel tower surrounding Non-refrigeration type focus planar detector is used, and with infrared photography function, on the side of infrared imaging device provided with 3 alarm dresses Configuration state indicator lamp 17, is expressed as normal operation, failure and holding state;
Further, the top of the monitoring device is provided with a water droplet camera 13, and the minute surface of camera 13 is sphere, can be clapped Wide-angle photo and 720P HD videos are taken the photograph, a LED 14 is provided with the top of water droplet camera 13, is shooting at night photo and regards Frequency provides light source;
Further, the monitoring device at iron tower main material 7 with being provided with Vibration induction sensor 16, shock sensor 16 A vulcanie packing ring 161 is provided with the contact position of main material angle steel, hard washer 161 in the middle of spring 163 with setting vibrations to pass Sensor probe 162, is so provided in alloing probe 162 preferably with steel tower corner iron contact, accurately monitor steel tower by To beat and destroy vibrations spectrum;
Further, the right side of the monitoring device is provided with loudspeaker 15, is driven to being sent close to the humans and animals of steel tower Alarm;
Further, the shielded cable 4 with sensing power taking, provided with device cabinet 3 and OPGW ground wires inside cable 4 6 carry out the optical fiber of signal transmission;
Further, the sensing electricity getting device 5 is arranged on OPGW ground wires 6, and electricity getting device 5 is two panels semicircle folding knot Structure 51,52, by bolted splice 53, electricity getting device upper piece 51 and bottom sheet 52 are provided with induction coil 55, in two panels electricity getting device 51st, gasket seal 56 is provided with 52 fastenings, two panels electricity getting device is tightened fixation using bolt 54, set inside electricity getting device 5 It is equipped with OPGW optical fiber crossover subs so that the optical fiber in shielded cable 4 is connected with the optical fiber of OPGW ground wires 6;
Further, the system control module includes infrared imaging module, radar control module, shock sensor control Molding block, instruction lamp control module, shooting and lighting control module, intelligence are propagandaed directed to communicate and alarm module, data processing module and electricity Source control module, wherein battery management module are with chargeable storage and electricity-fetching module using being electrically connected, and electricity-fetching module is included Transformer, excess voltage protection, DC filter and alternating current filter, and by transformer induced coil from powered ground wire Upper power taking, charges to battery, can extend the use time of battery, data processing module and data storage module are using electricity Gas is connected, and infrared imaging module includes infrared emitting module, infrared receiver module, passes through the reliable control of modules System, realizes that monitoring warning device is effectively run.
The component and functional module are known to the skilled person technology, and those skilled in the art are according to tool Body situation is voluntarily chosen and used, and its structure and model are no longer specifically repeated in this manual, and such as system module can select SCM system, embedded system, dsp system, if from SCM system, 80C52 single-chip microcomputers may be selected, the single-chip microcomputer is to thunder Reach, the control of the element such as sensor, alarm belongs to prior art.
Specific embodiment 1:Destruction-proof function:
Under circuit normal operation, circuit alarm monitoring device is in holding state, and device 1 is from OPGW ground wires 6 Power taking, and center real-time Communication for Power is regulated and controled with circuit by optical fiber, in the standby state, the ultrasonic radar 11 in device 1 is kept Work within 24 hours, and set in advance with system apart from the position of steel tower when object is moved to according to the radar wave judgment object of reflection During the early warning distance put, daytime system can automatically open up camera 13, to close to steel tower object shoot high definition picture, at night Evening is poor due to light, and system opens 14 pairs of objects close to steel tower of infrared imaging instrument 12 and LED lamplight and carries out infrared ray bat According to shoot high definition picture, sent by the optical fiber in OPGW ground wires to regulation and control center, regulation and control center personnel is to the image passed back Progress is that people or bovine livestock, horse, sheep etc. differentiate, if domestic animal then regulates and controls personnel control system and sent out from the loudspeaker 15 of device 1 Go out to drive beast sound, drive it and leave, if people then loop play " you are dangerous close to electric power facility, pleases exit!", if this person after Continuous close steel tower, and shock sensor 16 detects the significantly vibrations spectrum of similar stubborn bolt and percussion tower material, system assert it For the personnel of theft tower material and destruction steel tower, loudspeaker 15 will send loud alarm, and send alarm to regulation and control center, make It is dialed the police emergency number in time, and offender is arrested in time.
Specific embodiment 2:Anti- mountain fire function:
In normal operation, in addition to radar 11 keeps uninterrupted operation in 24 hours, infrared imaging instrument 12 is in holding state With the frequency of 1 time of 1 hour to being scanned around steel tower, in the winter time with the Spring Festival during due to being mountain fire high incidence period, realize The half an hour frequency of 1 time around steel tower to being scanned, when the image that infrared ray imager 12 is scanned is pre-set with system Smog and the view data of flame when matching, if smog and flame image, system will open camera 13, and to doubtful The position of mountain fire is taken pictures, and infrared picture and camera picture are sent to regulation and control center by system, is entered by regulating and controlling center personnel The differentiation actual conditions of one step, if mountain fire, regulation and control center will dial fire fighting phone in time, and organize nearest from the site of an accident Electric power personnel participate in fire extinguishing and protect line action.
Specific embodiment 3:Daily function for monitoring:
Circuit is normally run, it is necessary to carry out close monitoring, in general, column foot to the construction event around column foot Surrounding is without exception, and the camera 13 on device 1 is just opened when system prompt has destruction and mountain fire;As line inspection personnel When carrying out daily tour to circuit, if find to have near certain base steel tower construction operation and fetch earth operation when, the camera on device 1 13 will open all weather surveillance function, and the progress of construction and scene capture video are sent to regulation and control center, as regulation and control personnel It was found that construction has exceeded the safe tolerance range of steel tower column foot, control centre is notified that patrol officer is mediated construction party, It is prevented further to excavate the soil near steel tower column foot.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of Multifunctional power transmission line alert detecting device, it includes being fixedly mounted on the lined face angle of electric power pylon tower head Device cabinet(3), cabinet(3)Lower end is respectively equipped with four and monitoring device(1)Connected armouring insulating signal transmission line (2), cabinet(3)Inside passes through shielded cable provided with the battery being powered with alert detecting device, battery(4)With making somebody a mere figurehead Sensing electricity getting device on ground wire(5)Connection, four monitoring devices(1)It is separately mounted to four main materials of steel tower(7)On, monitoring Device(1)It is provided with multiple sensors equipment;Monitoring device(1)Lower section be provided with radar(11), radar is set(11)Shi Qi Covering radius should be between more than two tower legs distance, radar(11)Using single loop ultrasonic radar;Monitoring device(1)Front Provided with an infrared imaging device(12), the device include RF transmitter and infrared receiver;The top of monitoring device Provided with a water droplet camera(13);Monitoring device(1)With iron tower main material(7)Place is provided with Vibration induction sensor(16), vibrations Sensor(16)With main material(7)The contact position of angle steel is provided with a vulcanie packing ring(161), hard washer(161)With spring (163) shock sensor is set to pop one's head in the middle of(162);The right side of monitoring device (1) is provided with loudspeaker (15).
2. a kind of Multifunctional power transmission line alert detecting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The sensing takes Electric installation (5) is arranged on OPGW ground wires (6), and electricity getting device (5) is two panels semicircle opening-closing structure, is hinged by bolt (53), Electricity getting device upper piece (51) and bottom sheet (52) are provided with induction coil (55), and sealing gasket is provided with two panels electricity getting device fastening Piece (56), two panels electricity getting device is tightened (54) using bolt and fixed, and OPGW optical fiber crossover subs are internally provided with electricity getting device, So that the optical fiber in shielded cable is connected with OPGW ground wire optical fiber.
3. a kind of Multifunctional power transmission line alert detecting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The monitoring dress Put(1)Including system control module, system control module includes infrared imaging module, radar control module, shock sensor Control module, indicate lamp control module, shooting and lighting control module, intelligence propaganda directed to communicate with alarm module, data processing module and Power management module, wherein battery management module are with chargeable storage and electricity-fetching module using electrical connection, electricity-fetching module bag Containing transformer, excess voltage protection, DC filter and alternating current filter, and by transformer induced coil from powered ground Power taking on line, is charged to battery, can extend the use time of battery, and data processing module and data storage module are used Electrical connection, infrared imaging module includes infrared emitting module, infrared receiver module.
CN201720155672.9U 2017-02-21 2017-02-21 A kind of Multifunctional power transmission line alert detecting device Expired - Fee Related CN206516033U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108573586A (en) * 2018-07-10 2018-09-25 广东电网有限责任公司 Transmission line of electricity early warning banishing device
CN108765861A (en) * 2018-06-11 2018-11-06 四川汇源光通信有限公司 A kind of anti-external force tamper detection system and method for transmission line of electricity fire prevention
CN109030951A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-12-18 云南电网有限责任公司电力科学研究院 A kind of on-line measurement system and method for shared electric power tower ground resistance
CN110739637A (en) * 2019-10-14 2020-01-31 国网山东省电力公司潍坊供电公司 power transmission line monitoring method, system, terminal and storage medium
CN111478265A (en) * 2020-04-28 2020-07-31 国家电网有限公司 Flexible supporting platform for remotely monitoring state of cable terminal
CN111629134A (en) * 2020-05-25 2020-09-04 国家电网有限公司技术学院分公司 RFID identification system based on power transmission line monitoring

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108765861A (en) * 2018-06-11 2018-11-06 四川汇源光通信有限公司 A kind of anti-external force tamper detection system and method for transmission line of electricity fire prevention
CN108573586A (en) * 2018-07-10 2018-09-25 广东电网有限责任公司 Transmission line of electricity early warning banishing device
CN109030951A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-12-18 云南电网有限责任公司电力科学研究院 A kind of on-line measurement system and method for shared electric power tower ground resistance
CN110739637A (en) * 2019-10-14 2020-01-31 国网山东省电力公司潍坊供电公司 power transmission line monitoring method, system, terminal and storage medium
CN111478265A (en) * 2020-04-28 2020-07-31 国家电网有限公司 Flexible supporting platform for remotely monitoring state of cable terminal
CN111629134A (en) * 2020-05-25 2020-09-04 国家电网有限公司技术学院分公司 RFID identification system based on power transmission line monitoring

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170922

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