CN206504333U - Improved innoxious waste incinerator - Google Patents

Improved innoxious waste incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206504333U
CN206504333U CN201720104264.0U CN201720104264U CN206504333U CN 206504333 U CN206504333 U CN 206504333U CN 201720104264 U CN201720104264 U CN 201720104264U CN 206504333 U CN206504333 U CN 206504333U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fire grate
heater
furnace
burner hearth
improved
Prior art date
Application number
CN201720104264.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
严志谋
Original Assignee
严志谋
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 严志谋 filed Critical 严志谋
Priority to CN201720104264.0U priority Critical patent/CN206504333U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206504333U publication Critical patent/CN206504333U/en

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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of improved innoxious waste incinerator, and it is mainly made up of body of heater, furnace top cover, fire grate, secondary fire grate, burner hearth, fire door, charging aperture, circulation smoke pipe, flue gas cleaner, frequency conversion fan, blower fan, flue, tar collecting pipe, tar collecting pit, body of heater inner circulating tube.Its effect is:1st, combustion efficiency is further improved;This is, body of heater inner circulating tube is additionally arranged in the present apparatus, most of gas in body of heater after burning is constantly returned to by body of heater inner circulating tube to burn in addition in the burner hearth between fire grate and secondary fire grate, flue in the present apparatus has been moved to the top of cavity namely stove gate between fire grate and secondary fire grate by being located at bottom of furnace body originally, and this causes the air-flow of burning to become unobstructed;2nd, environment protecting is further improved, and can reach external non-exhaust emission, and the present apparatus makes furnace binding more reasonable after transforming prior art;3rd, fuel is saved.

Description

Improved innoxious waste incinerator

Technical field:The utility model is related to a kind of cooking stove for burning away the refuse, particularly a kind of improved innoxious Waste incinerator.

Background technology:Before the application, the applicant have submitted a entitled " innoxious waste incinerator " its patent Number be " 201620802372.0 " patent application.Although the patented product has larger strong point in use, there is also one A little problems:1st, burning be obstructed, it is obstructed, influence efficiency of combustion, this is essentially consisted in, waste gas row's mouth is located at the bottom of body of heater, namely Main fire grate is easily blocked after falling in the bottom of fire grate, in operation, the ashes produced by the secondary fire grate combustion refuse in upper strata, from And make it that whole body of heater air current flow is obstructed, the fuel gas produced in carbonization gasification layer smooth can not go downwards to after-flame layer Active combustion is carried out, so as to still there is uncombusted gas discharge;2nd, fresh air supply is improper, because air inlet is located at main stove The upper space of row, 3, circulation channel it is few, an and simply outer circulation has thermal losses and is unfavorable for the collection of tar.

The content of the invention:The purpose of this utility model is exist in use for existing " innoxious waste incinerator " Above-mentioned deficiency, and propose a kind of improved innoxious waste incinerator, it has in more preferable combustion efficiency, the waste gas of discharge Uncombusted gas is further reduced, and environment protecting is also more preferable.

The utility model purpose can be realized by following technical proposals, a kind of improved innoxious waste incinerator, including Body of heater, furnace top cover, fire grate, secondary fire grate, burner hearth, fire door, charging aperture, circulation smoke pipe, flue gas cleaner, frequency conversion fan, blower fan, its It is characterised by, in addition to flue, tar collecting pipe, tar collecting pit, body of heater inner circulating tube;Charging aperture is located on furnace top cover, stove Body top ends are provided with annular water tank, and the Zhou Bianduan of furnace top cover is inserted in annular water tank, and fire grate and secondary fire grate are all located at body of heater inner chamber Bottom, secondary fire grate is located above fire grate, and burner hearth, flue position at the opening of body of heater inner chamber are designed with above fire grate and secondary fire grate Between fire grate and secondary fire grate, tar collecting pipe one end is connected with upper of furnace body inner chamber, and the other end is connected with tar collecting pit, and 2 Body of heater inner circulating tube more than root is located in the side wall of body of heater, and one end open is located at the inner chamber of upper of furnace body, another end opening position Body of heater inner chamber between secondary fire grate and fire grate, the air inlet of blower fan is located at the sidewall of the furnace body below fire grate, circulation smoke pipe one end It is connected with the inner chamber of upper of furnace body, the other end is inserted in flue gas cleaner, frequency conversion fan passes through pipeline one end and the side wall of burner hearth Connection, the other end is connected with flue gas cleaner, and fire door is located at sidewall of the furnace body.

To improve combustion efficiency, burner hearth is made up of interlayer, and the inwall of burner hearth is provided with through hole, and through hole is uniform by annular segment Arrangement.

Effect of the present utility model is:1st, combustion efficiency is further improved;This is, is additionally arranged in the present apparatus in body of heater Circulation pipe, most of gas in body of heater after burning is constantly returned between fire grate and secondary fire grate by body of heater inner circulating tube Burnt in burner hearth, because being interior circulation, many tar and combustible further return in burner hearth and to burn again (in the prior art then from Flue gas cleaner is eliminated), so as to greatly improve efficiency of combustion;In addition, the flue in the present apparatus by being located at body of heater bottom originally Portion has been moved to the top of the cavity namely stove gate between fire grate and secondary fire grate, and this causes the air-flow of burning to become unobstructed, because, As long as shutting fire door, flue is that can produce a very big draft, can go downwards to the fuel gas of burning zone and upper space After-flame layer is more fully burnt, so as to improve combustion efficiency;2nd, environment protecting is further improved, and can reach externally without waste gas Discharge, the present apparatus makes furnace binding more reasonable after transforming prior art, and body of heater inner chamber effectively divide into drying by it Layer, carbonization gasification layer, burning zone, after-flame layer, and make the repeatedly burning and residence time is long repeatedly of the gas circulation of inner chamber, So that wherein environmentally harmful carbon monoxide, hydrogen, methane and severe toxicity bioxin etc. can be removed fully, so as to Environment protecting is further improved, external non-exhaust emission is reached;3rd, fuel is saved, the present apparatus is except being initially required some fuel Device is entered normal operation for refuse gasification, external fuel is no longer needed for thereafter, because the present apparatus has very high burning Efficiency, it can carry out all organic matters in rubbish to gasify and fully complete burning, and these heat energy maintain device enough Normal operation, so as to save many fuel.

Brief description of the drawings:

Accompanying drawing 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;

Accompanying drawing 2 is the sectional view at accompanying drawing 1A~A.

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the utility model is expanded on further embodiment:

Embodiment:

Referring to accompanying drawing 1,2, a kind of improved innoxious waste incinerator, it is mainly by body of heater 1, furnace top cover 2, fire grate 3, pair Fire grate 4, burner hearth 5, fire door 6, charging aperture 7, circulation smoke pipe 8, flue gas cleaner 9, frequency conversion fan 10, blower fan 11, flue 12, tar Collecting pipe 13, tar collecting pit 14, body of heater inner circulating tube 15 are constituted.Charging aperture 7 is located on furnace top cover 2.The top ends of body of heater 1 are provided with Annular water tank, the Zhou Bianduan of furnace top cover 2 is inserted in annular water tank.Fire grate 3 and secondary fire grate 4 are all located at the bottom of the inner chamber of body of heater 1, secondary Fire grate 4 is located at the top of fire grate 3, and fire grate 3 and the secondary top of fire grate 4 are designed with burner hearth 5.Burner hearth 5 is made up of interlayer, the inwall of burner hearth 5 Through hole is provided with, through hole is evenly arranged by annular segment.Flue 12 is located at fire grate 3 and secondary fire grate 4 at the opening of the inner chamber of body of heater 1 Between, the one end of tar collecting pipe 13 is connected with the upper lumen of body of heater 1, and the other end is connected with tar collecting pit 14, tar collecting pipe Valve 16 is provided with 13.The body of heater inner circulating tube 15 of more than 2 is located in the side wall of body of heater 1, and one end open is located at the top of body of heater 1 Inner chamber, another end opening is located at the inner chamber of body of heater 1 between secondary fire grate 4 and fire grate 3.The air inlet of blower fan 11 is located under fire grate 3 The side wall of body of heater 1 of side.Circulation one end of smoke pipe 8 is connected with the inner chamber on the top of body of heater 1, and the other end is inserted in flue gas cleaner 9, frequency conversion Blower fan 10 is connected by pipeline one end with the side wall of burner hearth 5, and the other end is connected with flue gas cleaner 9.Fire door 6 is located at the side of body of heater 1 Wall.

The operational process of the present apparatus is:Part pilot fuel (pilot fuel can be the fuel such as timber, coal) is passed through Fire door 6 is put into burner hearth 5, by rubbish from charging aperture 7 pours into furnace chamber, and rubbish is blocked by secondary fire grate 4;Pilot fuel is ignited, Close to the rubbish and the combust of pilot fuel one of pilot fuel, the rubbish on top is then gasified at high temperature, the flue gas of burning It is admitted to a gas part for gasification through flue 12, circulation smoke pipe 8, flue gas cleaner 9, frequency conversion fan 10 in burner hearth 5 again Burning, the circulation is constantly reciprocal;But it is most of then after-flame layer namely fire grate 3 and secondary fire grate 4 are sent to by body of heater inner circulating tube 15 Between iterative cycles burning is carried out in body of heater cavity.When needing to collect tar, valve 16 is opened, the combustible gas for carrying tar leads to Cross and the burning of body of heater inner chamber is fed again into after tar collecting pipe 13, tar collecting pit 14, tar is then received in tar collecting pit 14 Collection.According to the situation of burning, extraneous air can be inputted toward the interior blower fan 11 that passes through of stove.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of improved innoxious waste incinerator, including body of heater, furnace top cover, fire grate, secondary fire grate, burner hearth, fire door, charging Mouth, circulation smoke pipe, flue gas cleaner, frequency conversion fan, blower fan, it is characterised in that also received including flue, tar collecting pipe, tar Ji Chi, body of heater inner circulating tube;Charging aperture is located on furnace top cover, and body of heater top ends are provided with annular water tank, and the Zhou Bianduan of furnace top cover is inserted In annular water tank, fire grate and secondary fire grate are all located at the bottom of body of heater inner chamber, and secondary fire grate is located above fire grate, fire grate and secondary fire grate Top is designed with burner hearth, and flue is located at the opening of body of heater inner chamber between fire grate and secondary fire grate, tar collecting pipe one end and stove Body upper lumen is connected, and the other end is connected with tar collecting pit, and the body of heater inner circulating tube of more than 2 is located in the side wall of body of heater, One end open is located at the inner chamber of upper of furnace body, another end opening is located at the body of heater inner chamber between secondary fire grate and fire grate, and blower fan enters Air port is located at the sidewall of the furnace body below fire grate, and the inner chamber for circulating smoke pipe one end and upper of furnace body is connected, and it is net that the other end is inserted in flue gas Change in device, frequency conversion fan is connected by the side wall of pipeline one end and burner hearth, and the other end is connected with flue gas cleaner, and fire door is located at stove Body sidewall.
2. improved innoxious waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that burner hearth is made up of interlayer, stove The inwall of thorax is provided with through hole, and through hole is evenly arranged by annular segment.
CN201720104264.0U 2017-01-26 2017-01-26 Improved innoxious waste incinerator CN206504333U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720104264.0U CN206504333U (en) 2017-01-26 2017-01-26 Improved innoxious waste incinerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720104264.0U CN206504333U (en) 2017-01-26 2017-01-26 Improved innoxious waste incinerator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206504333U true CN206504333U (en) 2017-09-19

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CN201720104264.0U CN206504333U (en) 2017-01-26 2017-01-26 Improved innoxious waste incinerator

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106594747A (en) * 2017-01-26 2017-04-26 严志谋 Improved harmless garbage incinerator
CN108286703A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-07-17 汪逸凡 A kind of anti-grease biomass boiler

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106594747A (en) * 2017-01-26 2017-04-26 严志谋 Improved harmless garbage incinerator
CN106594747B (en) * 2017-01-26 2018-06-15 严志谋 Improved innoxious waste incinerator
CN108286703A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-07-17 汪逸凡 A kind of anti-grease biomass boiler

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20170919

Effective date of abandoning: 20180615

AV01 Patent right actively abandoned