CN206481022U - A kind of deicer of high voltage transmission line - Google Patents

A kind of deicer of high voltage transmission line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206481022U
CN206481022U CN201720186587.9U CN201720186587U CN206481022U CN 206481022 U CN206481022 U CN 206481022U CN 201720186587 U CN201720186587 U CN 201720186587U CN 206481022 U CN206481022 U CN 206481022U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
deicer
casing
ultrasonic wave
fixed
transmission line
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201720186587.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吕金淼
程增喜
赵月娇
落文斌
郭长江
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Northeast Petroleum University
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Northeast Petroleum University
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Priority to CN201720186587.9U priority Critical patent/CN206481022U/en
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Publication of CN206481022U publication Critical patent/CN206481022U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

A kind of deicer of high voltage transmission line of the present utility model, it is related to a kind of device of deicing or snow from electric wire or cable, it is to be made up of casing and the power supply, controller, motor, walking mechanism and the ultrasonic wave deicer that are installed in casing, walking mechanism includes a pair of driving wheels, a pair of driven, support frame and support spring, driving wheel and driven pulley are symmetrically located in electric wire top and lower section and driving wheel is installed in casing by wheel shaft, driven pulley is installed on support frame, and support frame is fixed by support spring with casing inner bottom part;Two ultrasonic wave deicers be symmetrically located in above electric wire fixed with lower section, one of ultrasonic wave deicer and cabinet top, another ultrasonic wave deicer and support frame are fixed.A kind of deicer for aerial high voltage power line of the present utility model, can efficiently remove the icing on power transmission line, and improve operating efficiency, reduce energy loss, it is to avoid to the damage of power transmission line in ice detachment.

Description

A kind of deicer of high voltage transmission line
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of device of deicing or snow from electric wire or cable, more particularly to a kind of high voltage power transmission The deicer of line.
Background technology
Aerial high-voltage power transmission line often has generation, caused power failure accident because of the ice and snow harm that climatic effect is subject to It is more serious, it is repaired, and difficulty is big, cycle length, power failure area are wide, influence railway traffic.South China number saves defeated at the beginning of 2008 Electric line meets with ice disaster rarely seen in the history.Long lasting for high intensity, a wide range of low temperature sleet and snow ice weather, cause Local power network occurs tower, broken string, insulator and dodges, and causes power transmission line because being come off when uneven icing is different with icing A variety of disasters such as wave.Snow disaster causes State Grid Corporation of China's direct property loss up to 104.5 hundred million yuan, after calamity power system restoration rebuild and Transformation needs 39,000,000,000 yuan of infusion of financial resources.Powerline ice-covering accident has seriously threatened the safe operation of power system, and causes Huge economic loss.As can be seen here, powerline ice-covering how is abolished urgently to be resolved hurrily to be of practical significance very much as one Problem.
Main clearing ice technology can be divided into thermal ice-melting method and mechanical icebreaking method by conclusion at present.Thermal ice-melting method is to utilize The icing on line is melted in the heating of current resistor Joule effect, and this method needs to consume big energy, less efficient.Machinery opens ice It is the de-icing method by mechanical external force, is consumed energy relative to thermal ice-melting very low, mechanical damage easily is caused to transmission line of electricity surface Evil, influences the intensity index of power transmission line.
The content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is exactly that there is provided a kind of deicer of high voltage transmission line in order to overcome above mentioned problem.
A kind of deicer of high voltage transmission line of the present utility model, is by casing and the power supply being installed in casing, control Device processed, motor, walking mechanism and ultrasonic wave deicer are constituted, walking mechanism include a pair of driving wheels, a pair of driven, Support frame and support spring, driving wheel and driven pulley are symmetrically located in above electric wire to be installed with lower section and driving wheel by wheel shaft In in casing, driven pulley is installed on support frame, and support frame is fixed by support spring with casing inner bottom part;Two ultrasonic waves are removed Ice production apparatus is symmetrically located in above electric wire and lower section, one of ultrasonic wave deicer and cabinet top are fixed, another surpasses Sound wave deicer is fixed with support frame;Power supply, controller and motor be both secured to casing inner bottom part and power supply respectively with Motor and ultrasonic wave deicer circuit couple, controller is electric with power supply, motor and ultrasonic wave deicer respectively Road connection, the power output shaft of motor are connected with capstan drive.
As further improvement of the utility model, power supply includes petrol engine, generator and batteries, and gasoline The clutch end of the clutch end of engine and generator is connected, the power output end of generator and batteries Inlet circuit couples, and the output end of batteries couples with controller, motor and ultrasonic wave deicer circuit respectively.
As further improvement of the utility model, ultrasonic wave deicer includes supersonic generator, sandwich piezoelectricity Transducer, ultrasonic transformer and tool heads, the input of supersonic generator couples with batteries circuit, output end and sandwich pressure The inlet circuit connection of electric transducer, output end, ultrasonic transformer and the tool heads of sandwich piezoelectric transducer are fixed successively, instrument Head is arc surfaced, and paired ultrasonic wave deicer clamps electric wire by tool heads.
As further improvement of the utility model, arrestment mechanism is additionally provided with casing, arrestment mechanism includes braking brake holding Fixture, a pair of compression springs, a pair of armature and a pair of electromagnetic relays;Braking brake holding fixture includes a pair of intermediate plates, this pair of folders Piece is hinged by axle, and the chuck of intermediate plate is the arc being coincide with wire surface and is respectively fixed with the left side wall of armature and casing Electromagnetic relay is respectively fixed with the correspondence position of armature with right side wall, the afterbody of intermediate plate passes through compression spring and casing respectively Left side wall and right side wall are fixed;Electromagnetic relay couples with controller and batteries circuit respectively.
As further improvement of the utility model, mechanical deicer, mechanical deicer are additionally provided with outside casing Including column shaped rotating cutter and knives rack, column shaped rotating cutter is installed on casing outer wall by knives rack, cylinder The blade of rotary cutter is butted on electric wire, its cutter shaft is installed on knives rack and is coaxially fixed with driven gear, this is driven Gear is connected by driving chain and the co-axially fixed driving gear of gasoline engine power output end.
A kind of deicer of high voltage transmission line of the present utility model, can efficiently remove the icing on power transmission line, and And operating efficiency is improved, reduce energy loss, it is to avoid to the damage of power transmission line in ice detachment.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structure chart of the deicer of high voltage transmission line of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is a kind of structure chart of the walking mechanism of the deicer of high voltage transmission line of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is a kind of structure chart of the ultrasonic wave deicer of the deicer of high voltage transmission line of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is a kind of structure chart of the arrestment mechanism of the deicer of high voltage transmission line of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is a kind of circuit module figure of the deicer of high voltage transmission line of the present utility model.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings to a kind of deicer of high voltage transmission line of the present utility model, it is described further:
A kind of deicer of high voltage transmission line of the present utility model, be by casing 1 and be installed in casing 1 power supply, Controller 2, motor 3, walking mechanism and ultrasonic wave deicer 4 are constituted, and wherein controller 2 can be mono- using AT89C51 Piece machine
As shown in figure 1, walking mechanism use the wheeled rolling of two-wheel group, with the speed of service it is fast the characteristics of.Mechanical deicing Device 23 uses rotary cutting type deicing, passes through column shaped rotating cutter 24(Milling cutter)Icing is carried out with the continuous contact of icing Cutting.Ultrasonic wave deicer 4 causes the vibration of correlated particle using the mechanical oscillation of ultrasonic wave, to destroy icing.Driving Motor 3 is walking mechanism and provides power.Arrestment mechanism 17 embraces line mode of braking using claw.
As shown in Fig. 2 wherein, walking mechanism includes a pair of driving wheels 5, a pair of driven 7, support frame 8 and support spring 9, driving wheel 5 and driven pulley 7 be symmetrical to be located in the top of electric wire 6 and lower section and driving wheel 5 is installed in casing 1 by wheel shaft, from Driving wheel 7 is installed on support frame 8, and support frame 8 is fixed by support spring 9 with the inner bottom part of casing 1;Described walking mechanism is by two Individual driving wheel 5 drives.Driving wheel 5 uses polyester composite to increase the frictional force between wheel and electric wire 6, driving wheel 5 Race inner surface is designed to the inner concave arc surface being engaged with electric wire 6, can so increase the contact surface between wheel and wire, enter One step increases effective skin friction, and motor 10 drives two synchronous axial systems of driving wheel 5 to carry by a chain wheel driving mechanism For enough tractive force, motor 10 selects the serial direct current generators of domestic ZYT to meet the requirement of traction and deicing, due to this Serial motors are heavier, so it is arranged on bottom of device, can so obtain relatively low position of centre of gravity, it is to avoid device is in fortune Turned on one's side when dynamic.In order to tightly clamp electric wire 6, also two driven pulleys 7 coordinated with driving wheel 5, driven pulley 7 is arranged on Above support frame 8.Can be with the grip strength of control wheel group, in the case where icing is uneven in the presence of support spring 9 It still is able to ensure the held tight of wheel group and ice coating wire, while having the effect of damping.Depart from electric wire when needing support spring 9 When 6, electromagnetic relay I can also be provided with the bottom of casing 1 and corresponding armature I is provided with the bottom of support frame 8, it is then right Electromagnetic relay I is powered, and attracts to be fixed on the armature I of the bottom of support frame 8, armature I drives support frame 8 to move down, driven pulley 7 Also just departing from electric wire 6.
As shown in figure 1, two ultrasonic wave deicers 4 are symmetrical to be located in the top of electric wire 6 and lower section, one of ultrasonic wave Deicer 4 is fixed with fixed, another ultrasonic wave deicer 4 at the top of casing 1 with support frame 8;As shown in figure 3, ultrasonic wave Deicer 4 includes supersonic generator 13, sandwich piezoelectric transducer 14, ultrasonic transformer 15 and tool heads 16, and ultrasonic wave occurs The input of device 13 couples with the circuit of batteries 12, output end couples with the inlet circuit of sandwich piezoelectric transducer 14, Output end, ultrasonic transformer 15 and the tool heads 16 of sandwich piezoelectric transducer 14 are fixed successively, and tool heads 16 are arc surfaced, paired Ultrasonic wave deicer 4 clamps electric wire 6 by tool heads 16.Supersonic generator 13 is to provide the device of energy, its effect It is the electric oscillation signal for converting electrical signals to supersonic frequency.Batteries are used herein()Direct current produce required ultrasound Ripple working frequency, while also allowing for carrying.Sandwich piezoelectric transducer 14 is the high frequency ultrasound electric oscillation letter for producing ultrasonic wave Number ultrasonic mechanical vibration is converted to, is one of important composition part of ultrasonic wave deicer 4, ultrasonic transformer 15 there are two main works With:One is by the amplitude of mechanical oscillation(Displacement or speed)Amplify or concentrate on energy on less radiating surface and be used for gathering Energy;Two be the converter for being used as mechanical impedance, so that the matching impedance between sandwich piezoelectric transducer 14 and acoustic load, allows super Acoustic energy is more efficient transferred to load from transducer.Tool heads 16 are directly contacted simultaneously with handled or processing material object Act the Vltrasonic device building block of effect.The arc-shaped with cambered surface is designed to, and using two sets of symmetrical ultrasonic waves Deicer 4, can wrap up the formation of electric wire 6 of cylinder, not only effectively prevent from damaging electric wire 6, it is important that can also carry High deicing efficiency and removing rate.
As shown in figure 1, power supply, controller 2 and motor 3 be both secured to the inner bottom part of casing 1 and power supply respectively with driving Motor 3 and the connection of the circuit of ultrasonic wave deicer 4, controller 2 are electric with power supply, motor 3 and ultrasonic wave deicer 4 respectively Road connection, the power output shaft of motor 3 and driving wheel 5 are connected.
The power supply is to install to include petrol engine 10, generator 11 and batteries 12, vapour on the bottom of casing 1 Oil turbine 10, the petrol engine 10 directly drives mechanical deicer 23 by chain and sprocket driving device, can so mitigate The burden of batteries 12;Petrol engine 10 is connected to generator 11 simultaneously, and generator 11 is carried out online to batteries 12 Charging.Batteries 12 drive the motor 3 of driving wheel to operate.In addition, the heat sent during the work of petrol engine 10 is also Effectively anti-locking apparatus it can freeze.
As shown in figure 1, being additionally provided with arrestment mechanism 17 in casing 1, the arrestment mechanism 17 embraces line mode of braking using claw, such as Shown in Fig. 2, including braking brake holding fixture 18(For clamping electric wire 6), a pair of compression springs 19, a pair of armature 20 and a pair of electromagnetism Relay 21;Braking brake holding fixture 18 includes a pair of intermediate plates 22, and a pair of intermediate plates 22 are hinged by axle, the chuck of intermediate plate 22 be with The arc of the surface profiles of electric wire 6 and the left side wall and right side wall of armature 20 and casing 1 are respectively fixed with the corresponding position of armature 20 Put and be respectively fixed with electromagnetic relay 21, the afterbody of intermediate plate 22 passes through compression spring 19 and the left side wall of casing 1 and right side wall respectively It is fixed;Electromagnetic relay 21 couples with controller 2 and the circuit of batteries 12 respectively.The design of chuck can increase braking brake holding Effective contact area of fixture 18 and electric wire 6, so as to obtain more preferable braking effect.Coil electricity in electromagnetic relay 21 When, electromagnetic relay 21 attracts armature 20, and the pressure of compression spring 19 is less than the suction-combining force of electromagnetic relay 21, compression spring 19 Compressed, braking brake holding fixture 18 is not contacted with electric wire 6;When the coil blackout in electromagnetic relay 21, electromagnetic relay 21 The suction-combining force revocation, braking brake holding fixture 18 clamps electric wire 6 under the promotion of compression spring 19, plays the effect of braking.
As shown in figure 1, being additionally provided with mechanical deicer 23 outside casing 1, mechanical deicer 23 includes cylinder and revolved Rotor tool 24(Milling cutter)With knives rack 25, column shaped rotating cutter 24 is installed on the outer wall of casing 1, cylinder by knives rack 25 The blade of shape rotary cutter 24 is butted on electric wire 6, its cutter shaft is installed on knives rack 25 and is coaxially fixed with driven gear 26th, the driven gear 26 is driven by driving chain 27 with the co-axially fixed driving gear 28 of the clutch end of petrol engine 10 Connection.24 points of the column shaped rotating cutter of mechanical deicer 23 is two up and down, and column shaped rotating cutter 24 revolves during work Turn, icing is cut into powder in present apparatus progradation and icing is abolished, had on the blade of column shaped rotating cutter 24 Groove, can preferably fit with electric wire 6, two secondary cutters be engaged can envelope electric wire 6, and safety clearance is left, to protect electricity Line 6 is not destroyed.Mechanical deicer 23 is located at device foremost, the driving gear 28 being coaxially connected with petrol engine 10 The driven gear 26 being coaxially connected with column shaped rotating cutter 24 is driven by driving chain 27(Reduction gearing), according to rotating speed Difference is required, optimal deicing effect can be obtained by driven gear 26.In addition, mechanical icebreaking device and internal mechanism every From,
A kind of deicer of high voltage transmission line of the present utility model, its specifically used method is as follows:
Electric wire 6 is passed through in the device, and is clamped by driving wheel 5 and driven pulley 7, ultrasonic wave deicer 4 up and down, is made The column shaped rotating cutter 24 in mechanical deicer 23 up and down is also held on the outer surface of electric wire 6, passes through controller 2 Preset, the present apparatus can be moved with friction speed on electric wire 6, and the icing on the surface of electric wire 6 is carried out with friction speed Tool in Cutting carries out ultrasonic removal by the ultrasonic wave of different frequency to the icing on the surface of electric wire 6.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of deicer of high voltage transmission line, is by casing(1)Be installed on casing(1)Interior power supply, controller(2)、 Motor(3), walking mechanism and ultrasonic wave deicer(4)Constitute, it is characterised in that walking mechanism includes a pair of driving wheels (5), a pair of driven(7), support frame(8)And support spring(9), driving wheel(5)And driven pulley(7)Symmetrically it is located in electric wire (6)Top and lower section and driving wheel(5)Casing is installed on by wheel shaft(1)It is interior, driven pulley(7)It is installed on support frame(8)On, Support frame(8)Pass through support spring(9)With casing(1)Inner bottom part is fixed;Two ultrasonic wave deicers(4)Symmetrically it is located in electricity Line(6)Top and lower section, one of ultrasonic wave deicer(4)With casing(1)Top is fixed, another ultrasonic wave deicing dress Put(4)With support frame(8)It is fixed;Power supply, controller(2)And motor(3)It is both secured to casing(1)Inner bottom part and power supply Respectively with motor(3)With ultrasonic wave deicer(4)Circuit connection, controller(2)Respectively with power supply, motor(3) With ultrasonic wave deicer(4)Circuit connection, motor(3)Power output shaft and driving wheel(5)Drive connection.
2. the deicer of a kind of high voltage transmission line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that power supply includes gasoline engine Machine(10), generator(11)And batteries(12), and petrol engine(10)Clutch end and generator(11)It is dynamic Power output end is connected, generator(11)Power output end and batteries(12)Inlet circuit connection, battery Group(12)Output end respectively with controller(2), motor(3)With ultrasonic wave deicer(4)Circuit couples.
3. a kind of deicer of high voltage transmission line according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that ultrasonic wave deicer (4)Including supersonic generator(13), sandwich piezoelectric transducer(14), ultrasonic transformer(15)And tool heads(16), ultrasonic wave hair Raw device(13)Input and batteries(12)Circuit connection, output end and sandwich piezoelectric transducer(14)Input electricity Road couples, sandwich piezoelectric transducer(14)Output end, ultrasonic transformer(15)And tool heads(16)Fix successively, tool heads(16) For arc surfaced, paired ultrasonic wave deicer(4)Pass through tool heads(16)Clamp electric wire(6).
4. a kind of deicer of high voltage transmission line according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that casing(1)Inside also set There is arrestment mechanism(17), arrestment mechanism(17)Including braking brake holding fixture(18), a pair of compression springs(19), a pair of armature(20) With a pair of electromagnetic relays(21);Brake brake holding fixture(18)Including a pair of intermediate plates(22), a pair of intermediate plates(22)Cut with scissors by axle Connect, intermediate plate(22)Chuck be and electric wire(6)The arc of surface profiles and it is respectively fixed with armature(20)And casing(1)A left side Side wall and right side wall are in armature(20)Correspondence position be respectively fixed with electromagnetic relay(21), intermediate plate(22)Afterbody lead to respectively Excess pressure spring(19)With casing(1)Left side wall and right side wall are fixed;Electromagnetic relay(21)Respectively with controller(2)And electric power storage Pond group(12)Circuit couples.
5. a kind of deicer of high voltage transmission line according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that casing(1)Also set outside There is mechanical deicer(23), mechanical deicer(23)Including column shaped rotating cutter(24)And knives rack(25), Column shaped rotating cutter(24)Pass through knives rack(25)It is installed on casing(1)Outer wall, column shaped rotating cutter(24)Blade It is butted on electric wire(6)Upper, its cutter shaft is installed on knives rack(25)It is fixed with above and coaxially driven gear(26), the driven gear (26)Pass through driving chain(27)With petrol engine(10)The co-axially fixed driving gear of clutch end(28)Drive connection.
CN201720186587.9U 2017-02-28 2017-02-28 A kind of deicer of high voltage transmission line Expired - Fee Related CN206481022U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108756416A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-11-06 深圳市晓控通信科技有限公司 A kind of communication steel tower that snow removing effect is good
CN110137890A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-08-16 南京航空航天大学 A kind of high voltage transmission line deicer based on electric pulse
CN110518533A (en) * 2019-08-15 2019-11-29 周书乐 A kind of automatic snow cleaner of power circuit

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108756416A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-11-06 深圳市晓控通信科技有限公司 A kind of communication steel tower that snow removing effect is good
CN108756416B (en) * 2018-05-07 2021-11-26 深圳市晓控通信科技有限公司 Effectual communication tower of snow removing
CN110137890A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-08-16 南京航空航天大学 A kind of high voltage transmission line deicer based on electric pulse
CN110518533A (en) * 2019-08-15 2019-11-29 周书乐 A kind of automatic snow cleaner of power circuit

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170908

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