CN206462338U - Multistage differential tea fresh leaves sort single-layered conveyer - Google Patents

Multistage differential tea fresh leaves sort single-layered conveyer Download PDF

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CN206462338U
CN206462338U CN201621322983.1U CN201621322983U CN206462338U CN 206462338 U CN206462338 U CN 206462338U CN 201621322983 U CN201621322983 U CN 201621322983U CN 206462338 U CN206462338 U CN 206462338U
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conveyer
primary conveyor
motor
stage conveying
conveying machine
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CN201621322983.1U
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陈之威
夏旭东
何华锋
孙良
陈建能
叶阳
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Zhejiang University of Technology ZJUT
Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU
Zhejiang University of Science and Technology ZUST
Tea Research Institute Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Zhejiang University of Technology ZJUT
Tea Research Institute Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Abstract

Single-layered conveyer is sorted the utility model discloses multistage differential tea fresh leaves.The separating effect of existing tea winnower is not ideal enough.The utility model includes primary conveyor, two-stage conveying machine and three-level conveyer;The input of two-stage conveying machine is arranged on below the output end of primary conveyor;The input of three-level conveyer is arranged on below the output end of two-stage conveying machine;Cross flow fan group system is arranged on the input end of primary conveyor;Primary conveyor, two-stage conveying machine and three-level conveyer include driving shaft, driven shaft, support, conveyer belt, belt wheel, V bands and motor;The even leaf device of automatic ejection includes bearing block, pillar, rake axle, the soft rake of S types, tape handler and motor;Rake axle is horizontally set on above the conveyer belt of primary conveyor.The soft rake of selection by winnowing mode and S types of the present utility model can reduce damage of the tea fresh leaves in classification process.

Description

Multistage differential tea fresh leaves sort single-layered conveyer
Technical field
The utility model belongs to mechanical field, is related to a kind of conveyer, and in particular to a kind of efficient, low damage multistage differential Tea fresh leaves sort single-layered conveyer.
Background technology
China is Tea Production and big export country, tealeaves it is various in style, different tealeaves tea-manufacturing technologies differ greatly, but Can be divided into plucking on the whole, sort, dry, kneading, dispensing, the process such as cold storage.Although artificial harvesting bud-leaf of picking tea-leaves is complete Whole but efficiency is very low, cost is higher.In order to lift efficiency, develop Tea Industry, current many tea places begin to use machine Tool tea plucking device.The efficiency of these mechanized equipments is very high, but the integrity degree of harvesting tealeaves is not high, causes follow-up add Work has spent very big consumption to produce the not high dry tea of quality, has a strong impact on the added value of Tea Production.The present situation is to machine tea picking leaf The research and invention of effective screening installation propose demand.
Generally there are two kinds of Research Thinkings for tea dry sorting at present.One kind is vibration separation, passes through sieve of different sizes Sub- throwing or vibration tealeaves are screened, and main research calculates the features of shape of different stage tealeaves, and this scheme is for tea Leaf it is damaging larger, the processing especially for green tea has a serious impact;Another scheme is selection by winnowing classification, artificial system Make flow field tiny broken leaf, the intact bud-leaf in machine tea picking leaf is separated, and bud-leaf is classified, this scheme is for tealeaves Damage very little, but due to free-falling fresh leaf in field of wind-force it is uncontrollable, whereabouts displacement connects by distance of fall, with the effective of wind The multifactor impact such as touch, interfere between leaf, and lacking the research of tealeaves motion theory in field of wind-force, it is existing in the market The separating effect of some tea winnowers is preferable not enough.
Chinese patent notification number CN203944559U, discloses a kind of blower fan apparatus for sorting vegetables, peanut and tealeaves.If Lifting conveyer belt, separation chamber are equipped with, a Fans are installed below selection by winnowing passage, updrafted during work, will be tiny broken Above leaf and impurity blow off, remaining falls into lower section discharging opening, and this pneumatic separator selection by winnowing ability is relatively low, for heavier impurity It can not sort, limited the second-order separation can only be accomplished.
In addition with Chinese patent notification number CN105107741A, a kind of disclosed tea winnower.Pneumatic separation device master To include feed device and selection by winnowing passage.Feed device includes agitation even distributor, negative pressure dust removing device, and assembling is in wind Gate road side and carry out horizontal selection by winnowing, the tealeaves of different stage is divided into the discharging opening that three-level falls below passage, simultaneously will Broken leaf blows off Winnowing box.This equipment can carry out three-level separation to tealeaves, remove heavier and lighter impurity, but use The wind field of axial flow blower is unstable undesirable, and the classification of the accuracy rate of selection by winnowing and last tealeaves is careful not enough.
The content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is big to the inaccurate of the classifications such as tealeaves, damage and efficiency is low asks for existing equipment There is provided a kind of efficient, low damage multistage differential tea fresh leaves sorting single-layered conveyer for topic, it is possible to achieve the efficient low damage of tea fresh leaves Accurate multi-level hierarchical pretreatment.
For above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
The utility model includes multistage differential conveyer, the even leaf device of automatic ejection, discharger and system of cross flow fan group System;Described cross flow fan group system is made up of blower fan support frame and cross flow fan;Four cross flow fans by bolt above and below Equidistantly it is fixed on blower fan support frame;Discharger is arranged on the top of extreme higher position cross flow fan, and is fixed on blower fan support frame On.
Described multistage differential conveyer includes primary conveyor, two-stage conveying machine and three-level conveyer;Two-stage conveying machine Input be arranged on below the output end of primary conveyor;The input of three-level conveyer is arranged on the output of two-stage conveying machine End lower section;Cross flow fan group system is arranged on the input end of primary conveyor.Described primary conveyor, two-stage conveying machine Include driving shaft, driven shaft, support, conveyer belt, belt wheel, V bands and motor with three-level conveyer;Described driving shaft passes through axle Hold and be supported on support, in two chutes that driven shaft two ends insertion support both sides are opened up;Resting barrel on driving shaft, driven shaft Roller is supported with by bearing, two rollers are connected by conveyer belt;Two screw rods are opened up by support output end respective side respectively Jack penetrate in the through hole of driven shaft corresponding end;Be fixed on two pieces of nut blocks at driven shaft two ends respectively with respective side screw rod structure Into screw pair;Described motor is rack-mount by motor fixing frame;The output shaft of motor and the external part of driving shaft are equal Fixed pulley;Two belt wheels are connected by V bands;The motor speed of primary conveyor, two-stage conveying machine and three-level conveyer is successively Increase.
The even leaf device of described automatic ejection includes the soft rake of bearing block, pillar, rake axle, S types, tape handler and electronic Machine;Two pillars are fixed on the support both sides of primary conveyor;Rake axle is horizontally set on above the conveyer belt of primary conveyor, rake Axle two ends respectively constitute revolute pair by bearing block and two pillars;Multiple soft rakes of S types are equidistant to be fixed on rake axle;The soft rake of S types Input of the convex side of bottom towards primary conveyor;Motor provides power by tape handler to rake axle.
Each cross flow fan has independent fan speed regulation controller control.
The motor of the primary conveyor, two-stage conveying machine and three-level conveyer is controlled by electric machine speed regulation controller.
Described tape handler includes being separately fixed at rake axle and two belt wheels on motor output shaft and connection The V bands of two belt wheels.
The utility model has an advantageous effect in that:
The utility model is adapted to the selection by winnowing classification of the material such as tea fresh leaves and dry tea, utilizes cross flow fan formation brattice, every The wind speed of blower fan is adjustable, can form staged wind field, falls beneficial to tealeaves in wind field after the effect of wind-engaging power by grade in difference Region.It is overlapping that the soft rake of S types on the even leaf device of automatic ejection can remove tealeaves.Selection by winnowing mode and the soft rake of S types can be effective Ground reduces the damage that tea fresh leaves are caused in classification process, and the winnowing process of tea fresh leaves can be carried out continuously, and selection is suitable Wind speed and flow field direction just can more efficiently complete the work of precisely classification tea fresh leaves, for current tea fresh leaves classification technique not Accurately, damage the big and low outstanding problem of efficiency and be made that effective solution.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is overall structure stereogram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the even leaf device of automatic ejection in the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of primary conveyor, two-stage conveying machine or three-level conveyer in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the differential gearing design sketch of multistage differential conveyer in the utility model.
In figure:1st, multistage differential conveyer, 2, the even leaf device of automatic ejection, 3, discharger, 4, cross flow fan group system, 5th, motor, 1-1, three-level conveyer, 1-2, two-stage conveying machine, 1-3, primary conveyor, 2-1, bearing block, 2-2, pillar, 2-3, Harrow axle, the soft rake of 2-4, S type, 2-5, tape handler, 1-3-1, driving shaft, 1-3-2, driven shaft, 1-3-3, support are 1-3-4, defeated Send band, 1-3-5, belt wheel, 1-3-6, V band, 4-1, blower fan support frame, 4-2, cross flow fan.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiment the utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in figure 1, multistage differential tea fresh leaves sorting single-layered conveyer, including multistage differential conveyer 1, automatic ejection Even leaf device 2, discharger 3 and cross flow fan group system 4, it is defeated that cross flow fan group system 4 is arranged on multistage differential conveyer 1 Enter end;Cross flow fan group system 4 is made up of blower fan support frame 4-1 and cross flow fan 4-2;Four cross flow fan 4-2 pass through spiral shell Bolt is equidistantly fixed on blower fan support frame 4-1 up and down;Each cross flow fan has independent fan speed regulation controller control;Discharging Device 3 is arranged on extreme higher position cross flow fan 4-2 top, and is fixed on blower fan support frame 4-1.
As shown in figs. 1 and 3, multistage differential conveyer 1 includes primary conveyor 1-3, two-stage conveying machine 1-2, three-level conveying Machine 1-1 and electric machine speed regulation controller;Two-stage conveying machine 1-2 input is arranged on below primary conveyor 1-3 output end;Three Level conveyer 1-1 input is arranged on below two-stage conveying machine 1-2 output end;Cross flow fan group system 4 is arranged on one Level conveyer 1-3 input end.Primary conveyor 1-3, two-stage conveying machine 1-2 and three-level conveyer 1-1 include driving shaft 1-3-1, driven shaft 1-3-2, support 1-3-3, conveyer belt 1-3-4, belt wheel 1-3-5, V band 1-3-6 and motor 5;Driving shaft 1-3-1 It is supported on by bearing on support 1-3-3, in two chutes that driven shaft 1-3-2 two ends insertion support 1-3-3 both sides are opened up;It is main Resting barrel on moving axis 1-3-1, driven shaft 1-3-2 is supported with roller by bearing, and two rollers are connected by conveyer belt 1-3-4 Connect;The jack that two screw rods are opened up by support 1-3-3 output end respective sides respectively penetrates the through hole of driven shaft 1-3-2 corresponding ends It is interior;Be fixed on two pieces of nut blocks at driven shaft 1-3-2 two ends and constitute screw pair with respective side screw rod respectively, by rotation screw rod come Mobile driven shaft 1-3-2 is so as to Conveyer Belt 1-3-4;Motor 5 is arranged on support 1-3-3 by motor fixing frame;Motor 5 The equal fixed pulley 1-3-5 of the external part of output shaft and driving shaft 1-3-1;Two belt wheel 1-3-5 pass through V band 1-3-6 connections;One Level conveyer 1-3, two-stage conveying machine 1-2 and three-level conveyer 1-1 motor 5 are controlled by electric machine speed regulation controller, one-level Conveyer 1-3, two-stage conveying machine 1-2 and three-level conveyer the 1-1 rotating speed of motor 5 increase successively so that three-level conveyer 1-1's Conveyer belt 1-3-4 speed V3Conveyer belt 1-3-4 speed V more than two-stage conveying machine 1-22, and two-stage conveying machine 1-2 conveyer belt 1-3-4 speed V2Conveyer belt 1-3-4 speed V more than primary conveyor 1-31
As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, the even leaf device 2 of automatic ejection includes bearing block 2-1, pillar 2-2, the soft rake 2- of rake axle 2-3, S type 4th, tape handler 2-5 and motor;Two pillar 2-2 are fixed on primary conveyor 1-3 support both sides;Harrow axle 2-3 levels Above the conveyer belt for being arranged on primary conveyor 1-3, rake axle 2-3 two ends are respectively constituted by bearing block 2-1 with two pillar 2-2 Revolute pair;The soft rake 2-4 of nine S types is equidistantly fixed on rake axle 2-3;The convex side of the soft rake 2-4 bottoms of S types is towards primary conveyor 1-3 input;Motor by tape handler 2-5 (including be separately fixed at rake axle and motor output shaft on two Belt wheel and the V bands for connecting two belt wheels) provide power to rake axle 2-3.
The operation principle of the multistage differential tea fresh leaves sorting single-layered conveyer is as follows:
As shown in figure 1, discharger 3 conveys downwards tea fresh leaves, will by the flow field of four cross flow fan 4-2 of arrangement up and down Tea fresh leaves are distinguished on primary conveyor 1-3 conveyer belt according to before and after weight and morphological differences;Wherein, cross flow fan 4-2 Flow field direction and flow velocity it is adjustable, by up and down arrangement four cross flow fans can reach preferable screening effect.
Tea fresh leaves fall on primary conveyor 1-3 conveyer belt after with conveyer belt 1-3-4 to two-stage conveying machine transport.Peace The soft rake 2-4 of nine S types in primary conveyor is under motor driving to the conveyer belt 1-3-4 with primary conveyor 1-3 The opposite direction of conveying direction is rotated, and the tea fresh leaves for still having overlapping accumulation are swept and fall on rear, removes the overlapping phenomenon of tea fresh leaves, The soft rake 2-4 of S types uses PU materials, and the damage to tea fresh leaves is smaller.
As shown in figure 4, after tea fresh leaves input two-stage conveying machine, two-stage conveying machine 1-2 and primary conveyor 1-3 speed difference So that the tea fresh leaves distance of separate front and back widens continuation and conveyed, three-level conveyer and two-stage conveying after three-level conveyer 1-1 are reached The speed difference of machine causes the tea fresh leaves distance further increase of separate front and back, realizes the single-layered separation conveying of material.

Claims (4)

1. multistage differential tea fresh leaves sorting single-layered conveyer, including the even leaf device of multistage differential conveyer, automatic ejection, discharging Device and cross flow fan group system, it is characterised in that:Described cross flow fan group system is by blower fan support frame and cross flow fan Composition;Four cross flow fans are equidistantly fixed on blower fan support frame up and down by bolt;Discharger is arranged on extreme higher position through-flow The top of blower fan, and be fixed on blower fan support frame;
Described multistage differential conveyer includes primary conveyor, two-stage conveying machine and three-level conveyer;Two-stage conveying machine it is defeated Enter end to be arranged on below the output end of primary conveyor;The input of three-level conveyer is arranged under the output end of two-stage conveying machine Side;Cross flow fan group system is arranged on the input end of primary conveyor;Described primary conveyor, two-stage conveying machine and three Level conveyer includes driving shaft, driven shaft, support, conveyer belt, belt wheel, V bands and motor;Described driving shaft passes through bearing branch Hold on support, driven shaft two ends are embedded in two chutes that support both sides are opened up;Resting barrel on driving shaft, driven shaft passes through Bearing is supported with roller, and two rollers are connected by conveyer belt;Two screw rods are respectively by inserting that support output end respective side is opened up Hole is penetrated in the through hole of driven shaft corresponding end;Two pieces of nut blocks for being fixed on driven shaft two ends constitute spiral shell with respective side screw rod respectively Rotation is secondary;Described motor is rack-mount by motor fixing frame;The output shaft of motor and the external part of driving shaft are fixed Belt wheel;Two belt wheels are connected by V bands;The motor speed of primary conveyor, two-stage conveying machine and three-level conveyer increases successively;
The even leaf device of described automatic ejection includes bearing block, pillar, rake axle, the soft rake of S types, tape handler and motor;Two Root pillar is fixed on the support both sides of primary conveyor;Rake axle is horizontally set on above the conveyer belt of primary conveyor, harrows axle two End respectively constitutes revolute pair by bearing block and two pillars;Multiple soft rakes of S types are equidistant to be fixed on rake axle;The soft rake bottom of S types Convex side towards primary conveyor input;Motor provides power by tape handler to rake axle.
2. multistage differential tea fresh leaves sorting single-layered conveyer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Each through-flow wind Machine has independent fan speed regulation controller control.
3. multistage differential tea fresh leaves sorting single-layered conveyer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The one-level is defeated The motor of machine, two-stage conveying machine and three-level conveyer is sent to be controlled by electric machine speed regulation controller.
4. multistage differential tea fresh leaves sorting single-layered conveyer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described band is passed Motivation structure includes the V bands for being separately fixed at rake axle and two belt wheels of two belt wheels and connection on motor output shaft.
CN201621322983.1U 2016-12-05 2016-12-05 Multistage differential tea fresh leaves sort single-layered conveyer Active CN206462338U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106578151A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-04-26 浙江理工大学 Multi-stage differential fresh tea leaf sorting monolayer conveyor and fresh tea leaf sorting method
CN108945954A (en) * 2018-07-06 2018-12-07 安徽香草茶业有限公司 A kind of anti-residual uniformly continuous tea-conveying device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106578151A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-04-26 浙江理工大学 Multi-stage differential fresh tea leaf sorting monolayer conveyor and fresh tea leaf sorting method
CN106578151B (en) * 2016-12-05 2021-10-22 浙江理工大学 Multistage differential fresh tea leaf sorting and layering conveyor and fresh tea leaf sorting method thereof
CN108945954A (en) * 2018-07-06 2018-12-07 安徽香草茶业有限公司 A kind of anti-residual uniformly continuous tea-conveying device

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