CN206430385U - Utilize solar heat-preservation and the device of generating - Google Patents

Utilize solar heat-preservation and the device of generating Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206430385U
CN206430385U CN201621471607.9U CN201621471607U CN206430385U CN 206430385 U CN206430385 U CN 206430385U CN 201621471607 U CN201621471607 U CN 201621471607U CN 206430385 U CN206430385 U CN 206430385U
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China
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water cavity
hot
heat
cold water
temperature difference
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CN201621471607.9U
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李超
李兴财
屈高强
牛坤
叶林
王颖华
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Ningxia University
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Ningxia University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

A kind of utilization solar heat-preservation and the device of generating, including solar energy heat absorbing device, temperature difference electricity generation device, hot-water cavity, cold water cavity, water check valve, hot-water collection's case, the solar energy heat absorbing device is arranged on the outside of hot-water cavity, temperature difference electricity generation device is arranged on the inner side of hot-water cavity, cold water cavity is arranged on the inner side of temperature difference electricity generation device, i.e. temperature difference electricity generation device is arranged between hot-water cavity and cold water cavity, and cold water cavity is connected with hot-water cavity by water check valve, and hot-water cavity is connected with hot-water collection's case.The utility model is while using solar energy feedwater accumulation of heat, and temperature difference electricity generation device is generated electricity using the temperature difference between hot-water cavity and cold water cavity, and so utilization to solar energy is more abundant.

Description

Utilize solar heat-preservation and the device of generating
Technical field
The utility model is related to field of solar energy utilization, more particularly to a kind of utilization solar heat-preservation and the device of generating.
Background technology
Solar water heater is the technology of current solar thermal utilization aspect maturation the most, deep to be favored by vast family. Existing solar water heater mainly converts solar energy into heat energy, and then heated flat board slot or small using solar radiative absorption material Cold water inside plumbing installation, and heating water is collected, stored, for users to use.According to the difference of installation environment, at present It is main that heat collector is arranged on roof, or it is arranged on building sunny side as local wall.
In sun-drenched area, water heater can only utilize part solar energy, and many solar energy are all wasted.And too Positive energy thermal electric generator general structure is huge, and cost of investment is higher.With the progress of thermoelectric generation, especially some high property The appearance of thermo-electric generation sheet, can be commercialized, possibility is provided for the family oriented of solar thermal utilization.
The content of the invention
In view of this, it is necessary to which a kind of utilization solar heat-preservation and the device of generating are provided.
A kind of utilization solar heat-preservation and the device of generating, including solar energy heat absorbing device, temperature difference electricity generation device, hot water Chamber, cold water cavity, one-way control valve, hot-water collection's case, the solar energy heat absorbing device are arranged on the outside of hot-water cavity, thermo-electric generation Device is arranged on the inner side of hot-water cavity, and cold water cavity is arranged on the inner side of temperature difference electricity generation device, i.e. temperature difference electricity generation device and is arranged on heat Between water cavity and cold water cavity, cold water cavity is connected with hot-water cavity by one-way control valve, and hot-water cavity is connected with hot-water collection's case.
It is preferred that, the solar energy heat absorbing device includes transparent protective layer, vacuum layer, heat-conducting layer, and heat-conducting layer is arranged on The outside of hot-water cavity, vacuum layer is arranged on the outside of heat-conducting layer, and protective layer is arranged on the outside of vacuum layer.
It is preferred that, the outer application of the heat-conducting layer has heat-sink shell, preferably to absorb solar energy.
It is preferred that, the temperature difference electricity generation device includes apparatus for storing electrical energy, heat conduction baffle, thermo-electric generation sheet, heat conduction baffle It is arranged between cold water cavity and hot-water cavity, thermo-electric generation sheet is arranged on heat conduction baffle, apparatus for storing electrical energy and thermo-electric generation sheet Connected with wire.
It is preferred that, the surface of the inner side of the heat conduction baffle is zigzag so that when cold water enters cold water cavity heat conduction every Water curtain is formed on plate.
It is preferred that, the device of the utilization solar heat-preservation and generating also includes transferring box, one end of transferring box and hot water Chamber is connected, and the other end of transferring box is connected with cold water cavity, and pressure valve, transferring box and cold water cavity are set between transferring box and hot-water cavity Between temperature-sensing valve is set.
In above-mentioned utilization solar heat-preservation and the device of generating, the solar energy solar energy heat absorbing device is arranged on hot-water cavity Outside, temperature difference electricity generation device is arranged between hot-water cavity and cold water cavity, and cold water cavity is connected with hot-water cavity by one-way control valve, Hot-water cavity is connected with hot-water collection's case, and so while using solar energy feedwater accumulation of heat, temperature difference electricity generation device utilizes hot-water cavity The temperature difference between cold water cavity is generated electricity, and so utilization to solar energy is more abundant.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the device using solar heat-preservation and generating.
Fig. 2 is the annexation figure of the cold water cavity, hot-water cavity and transferring box of the device using solar heat-preservation and generating.
In figure:Solar energy solar energy heat absorbing device 1, protective layer 11, vacuum layer 12, heat-conducting layer 13, heat-sink shell 131, the temperature difference TRT 2, hot-water cavity 3, pressure valve 30, cold water cavity 4, temperature-sensing valve 40, one-way control valve 5, hot-water collection's case 6, transferring box 7.
Embodiment
Fig. 1 is refer to, including solar energy solar energy heat absorbing device 1, the temperature difference using solar heat-preservation and the device of generating sends out Electric installation 2, hot-water cavity 3, cold water cavity 4, one-way control valve 5, hot-water collection's case 6, the solar energy solar energy heat absorbing device 1 are set In the outside of hot-water cavity 3, temperature difference electricity generation device 2 is arranged on the inner side of hot-water cavity 3, and cold water cavity 4 is arranged on temperature difference electricity generation device 2 Inner side, i.e. temperature difference electricity generation device 2 are arranged between hot-water cavity 3 and cold water cavity 4, and cold water cavity 4 and hot-water cavity 3 pass through one-way control valve 5 connections, hot-water cavity 3 is connected with hot-water collection's case 6.
If user needs to use hot water, one-way control valve 5 is opened, the hot water in hot-water cavity 3 is constantly entered water storage Cold water in case 6, cold water cavity 4 enters hot-water cavity 3 through one-way control valve 5, circulates successively, until storage tank 6 is full.If user is not Plan uses hot water, then hot water only supplies to generate electricity in hot-water cavity 3.
The solar energy solar energy heat absorbing device 1 includes transparent protective layer 11, vacuum layer 12, heat-conducting layer 13, heat-conducting layer 13 are arranged on the outside of hot-water cavity 3, and vacuum layer 12 is arranged on the outside of heat-conducting layer 13, and protective layer 11 is arranged on the outer of vacuum layer 12 Side.
In a better embodiment, protective layer 11 is made of safety glass.Heat-conducting layer 13 preferentially uses metallic plate system Into.
The outer application of the heat-conducting layer 13 has heat-sink shell 131, preferably to absorb solar energy.The heat-sink shell 131 is adopted It is made of heat-absorbing paint.
The temperature difference electricity generation device 2 includes apparatus for storing electrical energy, heat conduction baffle, thermo-electric generation sheet, and heat conduction baffle is arranged on Between cold water cavity 4 and hot-water cavity 3, thermo-electric generation sheet is arranged on heat conduction baffle, and apparatus for storing electrical energy and thermo-electric generation sheet are with leading Line is connected.
The surface of the inner side of the heat conduction baffle be zigzag so that cold water enter cold water cavity 4 when on heat conduction baffle shape Into water curtain.
Cold water in cold water cavity 4, which enters after hot-water cavity 3, to be heated, so that temperature difference electricity generation device 2 is sent out using the temperature difference of both sides Electricity.
The utilization solar heat-preservation and the device of generating can be arranged on the roof of house, or be used as local wall peace Mounted in building sunny side.Sunlight is successively irradiated on heat-sink shell 131 through protective layer 11, vacuum layer 12, and heat-sink shell 131 absorbs too The radiation energy of sun and the water transferred heat to through heat-conducting layer 13 in hot-water cavity 3.
When hot-water cavity 3 needs addition water, the water opened in one-way control valve 5, cold water cavity 4 is added into hot-water cavity 3 Heat.Assuming that intensity of illumination is constant, with the progress of heating, because hot-water cavity 3 absorbs the speed of the radiation energy of the sun much larger than heat Water cavity 3 is to the heat transfer rate of cold water cavity 4, therefore the temperature difference of hot-water cavity 3 and cold water cavity 4 gradually increases, afterwards with hot-water cavity 3 with The temperature difference of external environment is increased, and radiating is strengthened, and the temperature of hot-water cavity 3 gradually tends to be constant, and cold water cavity 4 is changed due to lasting Heat, temperature rise, the temperature difference of hot-water cavity 3 and cold water cavity 4 reduces.
In order that hot-water cavity 3 and cold water cavity 4 can keep the larger temperature difference, refer to Fig. 2, the utilization solar heat-preservation and The device of generating also includes transferring box 7, and one end of transferring box 7 is connected with hot-water cavity 3, and the other end and the cold water cavity 4 of transferring box 7 connect It is logical, pressure valve 30 is set between transferring box 7 and hot-water cavity 3, temperature-sensing valve 40 is set between transferring box 7 and cold water cavity 4.
Set between hot-water cavity 3 and cold water cavity 4 after a transferring box 7, when the water temperature in cold water cavity 4 is increased to temperature-sensing valve During 40 design temperature, temperature-sensing valve 40 is automatically opened up, and the water in cold water cavity 4 drains into transferring box 7, is then noted again into cold water cavity 4 Enter cold water.After the water in hot-water cavity 3 enters hot-water collection's case 6, the pressure differential of transferring box 7 and hot-water cavity 3 reaches pressure valve 30 Set pressure differential when, pressure valve 30 is automatically opened up, the water in transferring box 7 enter hot-water cavity 3.In this way, the water energy in cold water cavity 4 The water in low temperature, hot-water cavity 3 is enough kept to keep higher temperature, advantageously the water in cold water cavity 4 and hot-water cavity 3 is kept The larger temperature difference, can so effectively improve the generated energy of temperature difference electricity generation device 2.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of utilization solar heat-preservation and the device of generating, it is characterised in that:This utilizes solar heat-preservation and the device of generating Including solar energy heat absorbing device, temperature difference electricity generation device, hot-water cavity, cold water cavity, one-way control valve, hot-water collection's case, the sun Energy heat sink is arranged on the outside of hot-water cavity, and temperature difference electricity generation device is arranged on the inner side of hot-water cavity, and cold water cavity is arranged on the temperature difference The inner side of TRT, i.e. temperature difference electricity generation device are arranged between hot-water cavity and cold water cavity, and cold water cavity and hot-water cavity pass through unidirectional Control valve is connected, and hot-water cavity is connected with hot-water collection's case.
2. solar heat-preservation and the device of generating are utilized as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The solar energy heat absorbing dress Put including transparent protective layer, vacuum layer, heat-conducting layer, heat-conducting layer is arranged on the outside of hot-water cavity, vacuum layer is arranged on heat-conducting layer Outside, protective layer is arranged on the outside of vacuum layer.
3. solar heat-preservation and the device of generating are utilized as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:The outside of the heat-conducting layer Heat-sink shell is coated with, preferably to absorb solar energy.
4. solar heat-preservation and the device of generating are utilized as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The temperature difference electricity generation device Including power storage devices, heat conduction baffle, thermo-electric generation sheet, heat conduction baffle is arranged between cold water cavity and hot-water cavity, temperature difference hair Electric piece is arranged on heat conduction baffle, and power storage devices are connected with thermo-electric generation sheet with wire.
5. solar heat-preservation and the device of generating are utilized as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:The heat conduction baffle it is interior The surface of side is zigzag, so that cold water forms water curtain when entering cold water cavity on heat conduction baffle.
6. solar heat-preservation and the device of generating are utilized as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The utilization solar energy stores Heat and the device generated electricity also include transferring box, and one end of transferring box is connected with hot-water cavity, and the other end and the cold water cavity of transferring box connect It is logical, pressure valve is set between transferring box and hot-water cavity, temperature-sensing valve is set between transferring box and cold water cavity.
CN201621471607.9U 2016-12-30 2016-12-30 Utilize solar heat-preservation and the device of generating Active CN206430385U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621471607.9U CN206430385U (en) 2016-12-30 2016-12-30 Utilize solar heat-preservation and the device of generating

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621471607.9U CN206430385U (en) 2016-12-30 2016-12-30 Utilize solar heat-preservation and the device of generating

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206430385U true CN206430385U (en) 2017-08-22

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109506000A (en) * 2018-11-28 2019-03-22 陕西理工大学 A kind of valve in shifting devices of engineering automobiles

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109506000A (en) * 2018-11-28 2019-03-22 陕西理工大学 A kind of valve in shifting devices of engineering automobiles
CN109506000B (en) * 2018-11-28 2019-12-13 陕西理工大学 Valve used in engineering automobile gear shifting device

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