CN206397458U - A kind of hydraulic cutter device of deep-sea Casing-Cutting - Google PatentsA kind of hydraulic cutter device of deep-sea Casing-Cutting Download PDF
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- CN206397458U CN206397458U CN201621280986.3U CN201621280986U CN206397458U CN 206397458 U CN206397458 U CN 206397458U CN 201621280986 U CN201621280986 U CN 201621280986U CN 206397458 U CN206397458 U CN 206397458U
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- Expired - Fee Related
- 210000001624 Hip Anatomy 0.000 claims description 4
- 230000000875 corresponding Effects 0.000 claims description 3
- 238000010276 construction Methods 0.000 abstract description 8
- 239000003345 natural gas Substances 0.000 abstract description 2
- 238000005553 drilling Methods 0.000 description 9
- 238000000034 method Methods 0.000 description 7
- 239000012530 fluid Substances 0.000 description 6
- 239000007789 gas Substances 0.000 description 5
- 230000000694 effects Effects 0.000 description 3
- 238000011084 recovery Methods 0.000 description 3
- 230000015572 biosynthetic process Effects 0.000 description 2
- 238000005516 engineering process Methods 0.000 description 2
- 238000005755 formation reaction Methods 0.000 description 2
- 239000007788 liquid Substances 0.000 description 2
- 238000002834 transmittance Methods 0.000 description 2
- 239000000956 alloy Substances 0.000 description 1
- 229910045601 alloy Inorganic materials 0.000 description 1
- 238000007906 compression Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000010586 diagram Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000000502 dialysis Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000000605 extraction Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000001629 suppression Effects 0.000 description 1
The utility model is related to a kind of hydraulic cutter device of deep-sea Casing-Cutting, category oil, natural gas casing repairing technical field of tools.The cutter device includes shell, connecting cylinder, joint, hollow shaft, upper bush, middle sleeve and lower sleeve；Housing top end is provided with joint by connecting cylinder screw thread；It is provided with joint in the shell below baffle hole, baffle hole and is provided with upper bush and middle sleeve, the lower end of middle sleeve, which is equipped with lower sleeve, the circumference of lower sleeve, is evenly equipped with cutter hole.The cutter device is simple in construction, easy to use, solves that existing tool construction is complicated, complex operation, it is impossible to judge whether sleeve pipe completely cuts through, and is easily caused cutting accident, and cutting efficiency it is low the problem of.The cutter device can preferably, the cutting of very fast, safer completion deep-sea sleeve pipe, be particularly suitable for use in deep-sea Casing-Cutting and use.
The utility model is related to a kind of hydraulic cutter device of deep-sea Casing-Cutting, category oil, natural gas casing repairing Technical field of tools.
As offshore oil and gas field exploits the increase of year, the reserves and recovery ratio of some offshore oil and gas fields are substantially reduced, very Many Oil/gas Wells are even into nonproductive state.For some Oil/gas Wells without extraction value, in order to reduce or disappear Except its pollution to marine environment, generally require to these the Oil/gas Well without economic value shunt in a well, a then step Step completes abandoned well operation.
Last procedure for completing abandoned well operation is that recovery well is oral, and recovery well is oral to relate to Casing-Cutting. At present, it is mainly that thermal cutting and cold cut are cut for the cutting technique of deep-sea under water, thermal cutting and cold cut are cut each also comprising a lot Cutting method, but the type specified according to National Bureau of Oceanography closes law, and its cost, technology, security, reliable for needing to consider The problems such as property, alternative cutting technique is not a lot.
In order to safe efficient, high-quality, environmental protection completion deep water casing cutting, mechanical hydraulic cutter Casing-Cutting with The characteristics of its is safe and stable, economic and be widely used.And in the hydraulic cutter used at present, due to blade It can not enough, after cutter cutting automatically retract that body, tool construction be complicated, complex operation the life-span, it is impossible to whether judge sleeve pipe Completely cut through, cutting accident is easily caused, under the efficiency of cutting is relatively low.
The content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is：There is provided a kind of simple in construction, it is easy to use, the effect of Casing-Cutting can be effectively improved Rate；And can determine that whether sleeve pipe completely cuts through the hydraulic cutter device of deep-sea Casing-Cutting.
The technical solution of the utility model is：
A kind of hydraulic cutter device of deep-sea Casing-Cutting, including shell, connecting cylinder, joint, hollow shaft, upper bush, Middle sleeve and lower sleeve；It is characterized in that：Housing top end is provided with joint by connecting cylinder screw thread；Baffle is provided with joint Upper bush and middle sleeve are provided with shell below hole, baffle hole, the lower end of middle sleeve extends to housing outward end, extended to outer Screw thread, which is provided with lower sleeve, the circumference of lower sleeve, on the middle sleeve of shell outer end is evenly equipped with cutter hole, installs free in upper bush Heart axle, one end of hollow shaft is extended to above baffle hole, and the other end of hollow shaft is extended in lower sleeve through middle sleeve, extended to Hollow shaft termination in lower sleeve, which is provided with, cuts somebody's hair, and cuts somebody's hair between lower sleeve and to be provided with cutter by cutter spring, cuts One end of knife is extended in cutter hole, and the other end of cutter is connected with sliding contact of cutting somebody's hair.
It is threadedly coupled between described upper bush and middle sleeve.
The upper set below up-thrust bearing, up-thrust bearing is equipped with by shading ring A and shading ring B on described upper bush Turbine assembly is equipped with by alignment bearing A and alignment bearing B on cylinder.
Screw thread, which is provided with shell end cap, the middle sleeve of the shell end side of covering, in described shell lower port is equipped with lower thrust Shading ring C is provided with bearing, the middle sleeve between lower thrust-bearing and shell end cap.
It is respectively arranged with described shading ring A and shading ring B on upper runner hole, upper bush and is provided with upper bush runner Hole, upper runner hole is connected with upper bush runner hole.
Described shading ring C and shell end cap, which is respectively arranged with lower flow channel hole, middle sleeve, is provided with middle sleeve runner hole, Lower flow channel hole is connected with middle sleeve runner hole.
Described upper bush port is provided with axle sleeve disk, and the top of hollow shaft is provided with baffle disk, baffle disk by bolt Spindle springs are housed in the hollow shaft between axle sleeve disk.
Described baffle disk section is trapezoidal, and the shape of baffle disk is corresponding with baffle hole.
Described cuts somebody's hair as closing waist bullet.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are：
The hydraulic cutter device of the deep-sea Casing-Cutting is simple in construction, easy to use, in work process, due to using whirlpool Wheel belt cutter rotates, and moment of torsion loses small in transmittance process, reduces the cost of casing-pipe cutting；Casing-Cutting can be effectively improved Efficiency；And protruding horizontally up for cutter stretches out contrast with the rotation of general cutter, the ejection of cutter is more safe and reliable；Together When by the cooperation in baffle disk and baffle hole, drilling liquid pressure is produced change, thus can determine that whether sleeve pipe cuts completions, solution Existing tool construction of having determined is complicated, complex operation, it is impossible to judges whether sleeve pipe completely cuts through, is easily caused cutting accident, and cut Cut the problem of efficiency is low.The hydraulic cutter device of the deep-sea Casing-Cutting can preferably, very fast, safer completion deep-sea set The cutting of pipe, is particularly suitable for use in deep-sea Casing-Cutting and uses.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model；
Fig. 2 is mplifying structure schematic diagram at Fig. 1 A；
Fig. 3 is working state schematic representation of the present utility model.
In figure：1st, shell, 2, connecting cylinder, 3, joint, 4, hollow shaft, 5, upper bush, 6, middle sleeve, 7, lower sleeve, 8, gear Discharge orifice, 9, shading ring A, 10, shading ring B, 11, up-thrust bearing, 12, alignment bearing A, 13, alignment bearing B, 14, turbine group Part, 15, shell end cap, 16, cutter hole, 17, lower thrust-bearing, 18, shading ring C, 19, axle sleeve disk, 20, bolt, 21, baffle Disk, 22, spindle springs, 23, cut somebody's hair, 24, cutter, 25, cutter spring, 26, upper bush runner hole, 27, middle sleeve runner hole, 28th, sleeve pipe.
The hydraulic cutter device of the deep-sea Casing-Cutting includes shell 1, connecting cylinder 2, joint 3, hollow shaft 4, upper bush 5th, middle sleeve 6 and lower sleeve 7.The top of shell 1 is provided with joint 3 by the screw thread of connecting cylinder 2；Baffle is provided with the inwall of joint 3 Hole 8, baffle hole 8 is bellmouth.Upper bush 5 and middle sleeve 6, upper bush 5 and middle set are provided with the shell 1 of the lower section of baffle hole 8 It is threadedly coupled between cylinder 6.Up-thrust bearing 11, up-thrust bearing 11 are equipped with by shading ring A9 and shading ring B10 on upper bush 5 Turbine assembly 14 is equipped with by alignment bearing A12 and alignment bearing B13 on the upper bush 5 of lower section, turbine assembly 14 includes rotor And stator.
Screw thread is provided with shell end cap 15 in the lower port of shell 1, and the lower end of middle sleeve 6 is extended to through shell end cap 15 The outer end of shell 1, extend to screw thread on the middle sleeve 6 of the outer end of shell 1 be provided with lower sleeve 7, the circumference of lower sleeve 7 it is uniform multiple There is cutter hole 16.Lower thrust-bearing 17, lower thrust-bearing 17 and shell end cap 16 are housed on the middle sleeve 6 of the top of shell end cap 15 Between middle sleeve 6 on be provided with shading ring C18.
The port of upper bush 5, which is provided with axle sleeve disk 19, upper bush 5, is provided with hollow shaft 4, and one end of hollow shaft 4 is passed through Axle sleeve disk 19 extends to the top of baffle hole 8, and the top of hollow shaft 8 is installed with baffle disk 21, baffle disk 21 by bolt 20 Section is trapezoidal, and the shape of baffle disk 21 is corresponding with baffle hole 8, is to be slidingly sealed connection between baffle disk 21 and baffle hole 8. Spindle springs 22 are housed in the hollow shaft 4 between baffle disk 21 and axle sleeve disk 19.
The other end of hollow shaft 4 is extended in lower sleeve 7 through middle sleeve 6, the termination of hollow shaft 4 extended in lower sleeve 7 It is fixed with and cuts somebody's hair 23, it 23 is closing waist bullet to cut somebody's hair.Cut somebody's hair between 23 and lower sleeve 7 and cutter are provided with by cutter spring 25 24, one end of cutter 24 is extended in cutter hole 16, and the other end of cutter 24 is connected with 23 sliding contacts of cutting somebody's hair.
The cutter 24 of the cutter device are made up of cutter head, cutter hub and knife tail, and the cutter head of front end is hard alloy, can make to cut Cut more efficient, stage casing is that cross makes cutter horizontal movement more stablize, and the knife tail of rear end is arc-shaped, passes through arc-shaped Cooperation at the closing waist of knife tail and 23 arcs of cutting somebody's hair, so that the slip between both is more smoothly, and then makes cutter 24 It is easier to be pressed out to outside cutter hole 16.The flange closed on cutter hub at knife tail, in the presence of cutter spring 25, it is ensured that cutting Knife 24 in a non-operative state with cut somebody's hair 23 contact, and to cutter 24 formation support so that cutter 24 keep level State.
Upper runner hole is respectively arranged with the shading ring A9 and shading ring B10 of the cutter device, upper bush 5 is provided circumferentially about There are 4 upper bush runner holes 26, upper runner hole is connected with upper bush runner hole 26.
Lower flow channel hole is respectively arranged with shading ring C18 and shell end cap 15, middle sleeve 6 is provided circumferentially about set in 4 Cylinder runner hole 27, lower flow channel hole is connected with middle sleeve runner hole 27.
When the cutter device works, drilling fluid is entered by joint 3；Due to the pressure of drilling fluid, baffle disk 21 drives hollow Axle 4 and cut somebody's hair 23 axially downward in sleeve and compress spindle springs 22, cutting somebody's hair 23 pairs for being moved down during this is cut The formation radial compression of cutter 24, so that cutter 24 are progressively pushed out into the outer end of cutter hole 16 and connect with sleeve pipe 28 to be cut Touch, this process, cutter spring 25 23 is moved down and gradually compressed with cutting somebody's hair.While cutter 24 are extruded, drilling well Liquid acts on turbine assembly 14 through upper runner hole and upper bush runner hole 26 and drives it to rotate, and then drilling fluid is through middle sleeve Runner hole 27 and the discharge of lower flow channel hole.Turbine assembly 14 and upper bush 5 is driven to rotate under drilling fluid effect, and then cover in driving Cylinder 6 and lower sleeve 7 are rotated, and thus drive cutter 24 to carry out rotation cutting to sleeve pipe 28 to be cut.Rotating the mistake of cutting Cheng Zhong, makes to cut in the presence of 23 because the pressure of drilling fluid makes hollow shaft 4 remain a descending trend, and then cutting somebody's hair Cutter 24 remains the trend of a feed, until sleeve pipe 28 is cut through（Dialysis）.
The baffle disk 21 of the cutter device and the distance in baffle hole 8 be equal to the points of a knife of cutter 24 to the outer wall of sleeve pipe 28 away from From.After the point of a knife of cutter 24 extend out to 28 outer wall of sleeve pipe, baffle disk 21 is descending just to coincide to form close with baffle hole 8 Envelope, now, the change according to drilling hydraulic force value, you can judge whether sleeve pipe 28 cuts completion.
After the completion of sleeve pipe 28 is cut, drilling fluid is suppressed in stopping, and the pressure of baffle disk 21 disappears, in the work of spindle springs 22 Up with lower hollow shaft 4, while hollow shaft 4 is up, 23 extruding forces acted on cutter 24 of cutting somebody's hair also progressively disappear, In the presence of cutter spring 25；The retraction of cutter 24 resets, and so far cuts work and completes.The cutter device is simple in construction, uses It is convenient, solve existing tool construction complexity, complex operation, it is impossible to judge whether sleeve pipe completely cuts through, be easily caused cutting thing Therefore, and cutting efficiency it is low the problem of.The cutter device using turbine band cutter due to being rotated, and moment of torsion loses in transmittance process It is small, the cost of casing-pipe cutting is reduced, the efficiency of Casing-Cutting is effectively increased；Deep-sea Casing-Cutting is particularly suitable for use in use.
1. a kind of hydraulic cutter device of deep-sea Casing-Cutting, including shell（1）, connecting cylinder（2）, joint（3）, hollow shaft （4）, upper bush（5）, middle sleeve（6）And lower sleeve（7）；It is characterized in that：Shell（1）Top passes through connecting cylinder（2）Screw thread is pacified Equipped with joint（3）；Joint（3）Inside it is provided with baffle hole（8）, baffle hole（8）The shell of lower section（1）Inside it is provided with upper bush（5） And middle sleeve（6）, middle sleeve（6）Lower end extend to shell（1）Outer end, extends to shell（1）The middle sleeve of outer end（6）Upper spiral shell Line is provided with lower sleeve（7）, lower sleeve（7）Circumference on be evenly equipped with cutter hole（16）, upper bush（5）Hollow shaft is inside installed （4）, hollow shaft（4）One end extend to baffle hole（8）Top, hollow shaft（4）The other end through middle sleeve（6）Extend to and trap Cylinder（7）It is interior, extend to lower sleeve（7）Interior hollow shaft（4）Termination, which is provided with, cuts somebody's hair（23）, cut somebody's hair（23）With lower sleeve（7）It Between pass through cutter spring（25）Cutter are installed（24）, cutter（24）One end extend to cutter hole（16）It is interior, cutter （24）The other end with cutting somebody's hair（23）Sliding contact is connected.
2. the hydraulic cutter device of deep-sea Casing-Cutting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that：Described upper bush （5）And middle sleeve（6）Between be threadedly coupled.
3. the hydraulic cutter device of deep-sea Casing-Cutting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that：Described upper bush （5）It is upper to pass through shading ring A（9）With shading ring B（10）Equipped with up-thrust bearing（11）, up-thrust bearing（11）The upper bush of lower section （5）It is upper to pass through alignment bearing A（12）With alignment bearing B（13）Equipped with turbine assembly（14）.
4. the hydraulic cutter device of deep-sea Casing-Cutting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that：Described shell （1）Screw thread is provided with shell end cap in lower port（15）, shell end cap（15）The middle sleeve of top（6）It is upper that lower thrust-bearing is housed （17）, lower thrust-bearing（17）With shell end cap（15）Between middle sleeve（6）On be provided with shading ring C（18）.
5. the hydraulic cutter device of deep-sea Casing-Cutting according to claim 3, it is characterised in that：Described shading ring A（9）With shading ring B（10）On be respectively arranged with upper runner hole, upper bush（5）On be provided with upper bush runner hole（26）, it is upper Road hole and upper bush runner hole（26）Connection.
6. the hydraulic cutter device of deep-sea Casing-Cutting according to claim 4, it is characterised in that：Described shading ring C（18）With shell end cap（15）It is respectively arranged with lower flow channel hole, middle sleeve（6）On be provided with middle sleeve runner hole（27）, flow down Road hole and middle sleeve runner hole（27）Connection.
7. the hydraulic cutter device of deep-sea Casing-Cutting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that：Described upper bush （5）Port is provided with axle sleeve disk（19）, hollow shaft（4）Top pass through bolt（20）Baffle disk is installed（21）, baffle disk （21）With axle sleeve disk（19）Between hollow shaft（4）It is upper that spindle springs are housed（22）.
8. the hydraulic cutter device of deep-sea Casing-Cutting according to claim 7, it is characterised in that：Described baffle disk （21）Section is trapezoidal, baffle disk（21）Shape and baffle hole（8）It is corresponding.
9. the hydraulic cutter device of deep-sea Casing-Cutting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that：Described cuts somebody's hair （23）For closing waist bullet.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201621280986.3U CN206397458U (en)||2016-11-28||2016-11-28||A kind of hydraulic cutter device of deep-sea Casing-Cutting|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201621280986.3U CN206397458U (en)||2016-11-28||2016-11-28||A kind of hydraulic cutter device of deep-sea Casing-Cutting|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN206397458U true CN206397458U (en)||2017-08-11|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN201621280986.3U Expired - Fee Related CN206397458U (en)||2016-11-28||2016-11-28||A kind of hydraulic cutter device of deep-sea Casing-Cutting|
Country Status (1)
|CN (1)||CN206397458U (en)|
- 2016-11-28 CN CN201621280986.3U patent/CN206397458U/en not_active Expired - Fee Related
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|CF01||Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee||
Granted publication date: 20170811
Termination date: 20201128