Bearing is knocked in worm and worm wheel axle by the assembling of existing worm decelerating machine manually mostly by being accomplished manually by workman.
Some factories then use assembling line, set multistage station, Assembly part is placed by workman, and then bearing is carried out by machine
Press-fit, but all need for substantial amounts of manpower, final assembling could be realized.
Chinese Patent Application No. is CN201110403332.0, is continuously assembled there is disclosed a kind of common reductor of industry
Pressing machine, including movable stand and frame, frame lower end are fixedly connected with the ground, and upper end both sides are provided with guide rail, guide rail and movable stand
It is flexibly connected, movable stand upper end is fixedly connected with hydraulic jack, the piston-rod lower end of hydraulic jack is provided with pressure head, the one of movable stand
Side lateral surface connects arm-tie by bearing pin, and arm-tie is connected with dolly, and dolly is provided with electric oil pump, and the bottom of dolly is provided with pin
Wheel, castor is slidably connected with track, and operator allows movable stand to move horizontally, and is moved above and below the piston rod band dynamic head of hydraulic jack
It is dynamic, so as to reach the continuous effect assembled and press-fited.
Although above-mentioned reductor continuously assembles pressing machine realizes Automated assembly, efficiency of assembling to a certain extent
It is low, although setting assembling line can improve efficiency, but each station of streamline can be only done a fittage, and part exists
Transmission needs elapsed time on streamline, therefore raising of the streamline to efficiency is limited, and by artificial assembled, to workman
Technical merit require higher, also very big is required to the labor intensity of workman.
Therefore, it is necessary to a kind of Automated assembly device of good reductor be designed, to overcome above mentioned problem.
Utility model content
For background technology problem encountered, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of using each in fore-and-aft direction
There is one to be used for clamping, the push rod of mobile and overturning cabinet, the push rod can move up and down, so as to realize the assembling of full-automation
The device of reductor.
To achieve the above object, the utility model uses following technological means：
A kind of Automated assembly device of reductor, it includes a upper push-rod above, living in a grippers and one
Plug, upper push-rod is located at respectively in upper piston upper and lower displacement, underlying a lower push-rod and a flexible member, two vertical guide stems
At fore-and-aft direction, each vertical guide stem has a guide rail, and a left push rod and a right push rod are separately installed with two vertical guide stems,
Left push rod and right push rod are along guide rail left and right displacement, and a conveyer belt is horizontally disposed with, is at least partially disposed between left push rod and right push rod
Lower position, upper push-rod and lower push-rod are located at the top position between left push rod and right push rod and lower position respectively
Place, flexible member is acted with lower push-rod mutual cooperation.
Further, grippers are scroll chuck.
Further, flexible member is spring.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantages that：
The Automated assembly device of above-mentioned reductor, conveyer belt is horizontally disposed with, and the both sides above conveyer belt are set respectively
There are left push rod and right push rod, lower push-rod and flexible member are provided with the lower section middle position of conveyer belt, in the top of conveyer belt
Middle position is provided with upper push-rod and grippers, and above-mentioned construction forms Automated assembly device, so entering luggage to reductor
Timing, casing, worm screw, bearing, worm gear, wheel shaft and end cap can be grasped with full automation using Automated assembly device
Make, concretely comprise the following steps above-mentioned step two to step 7, thus, the assembling of reductor can be completed a position, compact conformation,
Avoid the temporal loss that mobile staking punch is brought, the execution that some steps of the present utility model can also be concurrent, effect
Rate is higher.
Refer to Fig. 1, a kind of Automated assembly device of reductor, including a upper push-rod 1 above, a grippers
3 and a upper piston 2, upper push-rod 1 is in the upper and lower displacement of upper piston 2, the underlying flexible member 9 of a lower push-rod 8 and one, and two hang down
Straight guide rod 6 is located at fore-and-aft direction respectively, and each vertical guide stem 6 has a guide rail (not shown, similarly hereinafter), in two vertical guide stems
6 are separately installed with a right push rod 5 of left push rod 4 and one, and left push rod 4 and right push rod 5 are along guide rail left and right displacement, the level of a conveyer belt 7
Set, be at least partially disposed at the lower position between left push rod 4 and right push rod 5, upper push-rod 1 and lower push-rod 8 are located at a left side respectively
At top position between push rod 4 and right push rod 5 and lower position, flexible member 9 is acted with the mutual cooperation of lower push-rod 8.Its
In, grippers 3 are scroll chuck, and flexible member 9 is spring.
Fig. 2 is referred to Fig. 5, above-mentioned construction forms Automated assembly device, to be carried out to a worm-gear speed reducer
Assembling, the worm-gear speed reducer has a casing 12；One worm screw 11；The worm gear 18 of four bearing 10,13,14,17, one, a wheel shaft
16 and an end cap 15, specific installation step is as follows：
Step one：One conveyer belt 7 is horizontally disposed with, the left right side of push rod 4 and one is respectively provided on two sides with the top of conveyer belt 7
Push rod 5, is provided with a lower push-rod 8 and a flexible member 9, in the middle of the top of conveyer belt 7 in the lower section middle position of conveyer belt 7
A upper push-rod 1 and a grippers 3 are provided with position, also, due to being provided with upper piston 2, upper push-rod 1 is in the next on upper piston 2
Move, two vertical guide stems 6 are located at fore-and-aft direction respectively, each vertical guide stem 6 has a guide rail, left 5 points of push rod 4 and right push rod
Two vertical guide stems 6 are not installed on, are thusly-formed Automated assembly device.
Step 2：One bearing is positioned on conveyer belt 7, by the conveyer belt 7 by bearing be sent to upper push-rod 1 just under
Side, then upper push-rod 1 is moved downward, and is captured bearing when reaching near bearing, and then upper push-rod 1 is moved upwards.Certainly,
Can also be that it is nearby by electro-magnet switch (not shown, similarly hereinafter) is opened, by bearing that bearing, which reaches upper push-rod 1, in embodiment
Pick up, move then up.
Step 3：By being positioned on conveyer belt 7 for a worm screw 11, worm screw 11 is sent to upper push-rod 1 by the conveyer belt 7
Underface, grippers 3 are moved downward, and pick up worm screw 11, and bearing is pressed into worm screw 11 by upper push-rod 1.
Step 4：One casing 12 is positioned on conveyer belt 7, casing 12 is being sent to worm screw 11 just by the conveyer belt 7
Lower section, because casing 12 has the hole of worm screw 11 (not shown, similarly hereinafter), the hole of worm screw 11 alignment worm screw 11, then, left push rod 4 and the right side
Direction displacement of the push rod 5 along guide rail towards casing 12 simultaneously clamps casing 12, then, and bearing is pressed into casing 12 and kept by lower push-rod 8
It is motionless, meanwhile, upper piston 2, grippers 3 and the three of upper push-rod 1 are moved downwardly together, and when close to casing 12, grippers 3 are unclamped
Worm screw 11 and stop motion, finally, upper push-rod 1 continues to move downward, and the bearing assembled and worm screw 11 are pushed into casing
Step 5：After the completion of the assembling of worm screw 11 and casing 12, the electromagnetic switch of setting closed (it is not shown, under
Together), upper push-rod 1 and grippers 3 are placed in initial position, left push rod 4 and right push rod 5 are then clamped into the motion upwards of casing 12,
Flip angle after rising, the angle of upset is 90 degree (not shown, similarly hereinafter), and after worm screw 11 leaves, lower push-rod 8 is moved downward,
Flexible member 9 then promotes bearing to reach the surface of lower push-rod 8, is that assembling is prepared next time, meanwhile, left push rod 4 is along guide rail
Retreat, right push rod 5 moves on along guide rail, casing 12 is moved to left, be that position is vacateed in upper push-rod 1 and the lower section of grippers 3,
Left and right push rod clips casing and first dropped on conveyer belt to be moved again, in case insufficient clamping force casing falls left and right push rod is moved simultaneously when
Step 6：Bearing, end cap 15 and wheel shaft 16 are positioned on conveyer belt 7 successively, conveyer belt 7 starts to left movement,
Bearing, end cap 15 and wheel shaft 16 are sent to the underface of upper push-rod 1 successively, then upper push-rod 1 is moved downward, reached near bearing
When bearing is captured, then upper push-rod 1 is moved upwards, and grippers 3 pick up end cap 15, afterwards using upper push-rod 1 by axle
Pressure-bearing enters end cap 15, therewith, and grippers 3 unclamp end cap 15, move downward, and captures wheel shaft 16 and moves upwards, finally completes axle
Hold the assembling with wheel shaft 16.Certainly, can also be that bearing, which reaches upper push-rod 1, to be opened by unlatching electromagnet in embodiment
Close, bearing is picked up, moved then up.
Step 7：While grippers 3 pick up wheel shaft 16, left push rod 4 extends, and right push rod 5 shortens, and casing 12 is moved
The lower section of upper push-rod 1, because casing 12 has the hole of wheel shaft 16 (not shown, similarly hereinafter), the hole of wheel shaft 16 alignment upper push-rod 1, then, under
Bearing is pushed into casing 12 and remained stationary as by push rod 8, meanwhile, upper piston 2, grippers 3 and the three of upper push-rod 1 transport downwardly together
Dynamic, when close to casing 12, grippers 3 unclamp wheel shaft 16, clamp end cap 15, are moved downwardly together together with upper push-rod 1, by end cap
15th, bearing and the assembly of wheel shaft 16 press-in casing 12, afterwards, the connection of upper push-rod 1 grippers 3 return to initial position, the left He of push rod 4
Right push rod 5 unclamps casing 12, and casing 12 is sent from by the setting in motion of conveyer belt 7, so far, and worm-gear speed reducer assembling is all complete
Fig. 2 to Fig. 5 is referred to, conveyer belt 7 is horizontally disposed with by the Automated assembly device of above-mentioned worm-gear speed reducer,
Left push rod 4 and right push rod 5 are respectively provided on two sides with the top of conveyer belt 7, is provided with down and pushes away in the lower section middle position of conveyer belt 7
Bar 8 and flexible member 9, are provided with upper push-rod 1 and grippers 3, above-mentioned construction is formed automatically in the top middle position of conveyer belt 7
Device, so when being assembled to worm-gear speed reducer, casing 12, worm screw 11, bearing, worm gear 18, wheel shaft 16 are matched somebody with somebody in makeup
Can be operated with end cap 15 with full automation using Automated assembly device, concretely comprise the following steps above-mentioned step two to
Step 7, thus, the assembling of worm-gear speed reducer, compact conformation can be completed position, it is to avoid mobile staking punch institute
The temporal loss brought, the execution that some steps of the present utility model can also be concurrent, efficiency comparison is high.
The Automated assembly appliance arrangement of above-mentioned worm-gear speed reducer completes worm-gear speed reducer a position
Assembling, conveyer belt 7 is responsible for transporting Assembly part and transports the casing 12 assembled, different from completing each assembling in diverse location
Step.And Automated assembly device can complete the movement and upset of casing 12 equipped with left push rod 4 and right push rod 5.In addition,
Automated assembly device bottom can promote next axle equipped with the device of automatic push bearing after a bearing is installed
Hold.Meanwhile, Automated assembly device top equipped with upper push-rod 1 and grippers 3, can up complete bearing and other parts
Certainly, can also be in other embodiments：Can in advance it be put according to each step installation time on conveyer belt 7 whole
Assembly part is covered, each step is not necessarily and puts one or several parts.
Embodiment described above only expresses several embodiments of the present utility model, and it describes more specific and detailed,
But therefore it can not be interpreted as the limitation to the utility model the scope of the claims.It should be pointed out that for the common of this area
For technical staff, without departing from the concept of the premise utility, various modifications and improvements can be made, these all belong to
In protection domain of the present utility model.Therefore, the protection domain of the utility model patent should be determined by the appended claims.