CN206326287U - A kind of welding robot - Google Patents

A kind of welding robot Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206326287U
CN206326287U CN201621208909.7U CN201621208909U CN206326287U CN 206326287 U CN206326287 U CN 206326287U CN 201621208909 U CN201621208909 U CN 201621208909U CN 206326287 U CN206326287 U CN 206326287U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
movable guiding
guide rail
sliding block
arm
welding
Prior art date
Application number
CN201621208909.7U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
同志学
赵涛
郭瑞峰
胡星
吴晓君
Original Assignee
西安建筑科技大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 西安建筑科技大学 filed Critical 西安建筑科技大学
Priority to CN201621208909.7U priority Critical patent/CN206326287U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206326287U publication Critical patent/CN206326287U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of welding robot, including fixed guide rail, sliding block, movable guiding rail, mobile large arm, rotation forearm controlled motor, rotation forearm, holder for welding gun, holder for welding gun controlled motor and welding gun.The sliding block is installed on fixed guide rail, and movable guiding rail is installed on sliding block, movable guiding rail and fixed guide rail vertical arrangement;Mobile large arm is arranged on movable guiding rail, is moved along movable guiding rail direction;By the routing motion between movable guiding rail, mobile large arm, rotation forearm, holder for welding gun, straight line, planar fold, the isometric weld seam of arc can be welded well.The utility model is small volume, lightweight integrally using succinct light design;Movable guiding rail and its above section can be separated quickly with fixed guide rail, are moved easily, can be entered narrow and small closing space, with preferably using flexibility;Guide rail is fixed using Spliced type, welding scope is expanded, improves operating efficiency, continuous welding can be realized particularly with long weld seam.

Description

A kind of welding robot
Technical field
The utility model belongs to welding robot design field, especially a kind of welding robot.
Background technology
At present, welding robot species on the market is various, and these welding robots solve human weld institute band Come welding quality is high, inefficiency and the problem of high cost, but also have some processing limitations, such as weldering longer to length Seam, it is impossible to continuous welding, it is inefficient.
Although existing planer-type and column welding robot can realize the welding to most of weld seams, volume compared with Greatly, occupied ground, it is impossible to move easily, flexibility is poor;Articulated type welding robot mainly for small size workpiece welding, It can not be adapted to for large-size workpiece;Although existing automatic welding carriage compact volume and convenience, continuous welding is limited in scope, it is impossible to high Effect, neatly welding random length weld seam.
The content of the invention
To solve the shortcoming of prior art, the utility model purpose is to provide a kind of welding robot, can be convenient, flexible , the welding to the random length weld seam such as straight line, planar fold, arc is completed well.
A kind of welding robot, including fixed guide rail, sliding block, movable guiding rail, mobile large arm, rotate forearm controlled motor, Rotate forearm, holder for welding gun, holder for welding gun controlled motor and welding gun.
The fixed guide rail includes optical axis track, tooth bar and adsorbent equipment;The optical axis track and tooth bar are installed on absorption On device, the optical axis parallel track is arranged in tooth bar both sides, and the tooth bar is located at the center of two optical axis tracks, the absorption dress Put on workpiece or workbench, make to fix guide rail fixed.
The sliding block is located on optical axis track;Gear is installed in sliding block, is meshed with tooth bar, and by slider-actuated motor Drive gear is rotated, so as to be moved with movable slider along guide rail direction.
The movable guiding rail is arranged on sliding block, is moved together with sliding block;Movable guiding rail includes pedestal and guide rail two Part;The pedestal is installed on sliding block.
The guide rail arragement direction is vertical with the direction of fixed guide rail;Guide rail includes line slideway, driving electricity Machine and rotational lead screw;Motor driving rotational lead screw is rotated, so as to drive mobile large arm to be moved along movable guiding rail direction.
The mobile large arm include arm seat and cantilever arm two parts, the arm seat be arranged on movable guiding rail on, and with rotation Leading screw couples to form screw pair, is moved along movable guiding rail direction;The cantilever arm is fixed on arm seat, and cantilever arm end is provided with Rotate forearm;The forearm that rotates is connected by the end of rotation pair and cantilever arm, and is driven by rotating forearm controlled motor, In the rotation with surface parallel to movable guiding rail.
The holder for welding gun is connected by rotating the secondary end with rotating forearm, and the welding gun is installed in holder for welding gun On, holder for welding gun is under controlled motor driving with welding gun reciprocally swinging.
It is connected specifically, the movable guiding rail pedestal is installed with sliding block by bolt, to assemble and disassemble.
Optionally, the adsorbent equipment uses Magnetic adsorber or vacuum absorber.
Optionally, welding scope is expanded by way of splicing trapped orbit, the optical axis track is entered using axis hole mode Row positioning, it is ensured that sliding block is steadily moved on spliced long guideway.
Compared to prior art, technique effect of the present utility model is as follows:
1st, the utility model is integrally using succinct light design, small volume, lightweight;Movable guiding rail and its above section It can quickly separate, be moved easily with fixed guide rail, narrow and small closing space can be entered, with preferably using flexibility.
2nd, guide rail is fixed using Spliced type, expands welding scope, improve operating efficiency, particularly with long weld seam energy Realize continuous welding.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that fixed guide rail is installed with sliding block;
Fig. 3 is fixed guide rail connecting method schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the welding robot using spliced guide rail mode.
Each label implication in figure:1- fixes guide rail, 11- optical axis tracks, 12- tooth bars, 13- adsorbent equipments, 2- sliding blocks, 21- Gear, 22- slider-actuated motors, 3- movable guiding rails, 31- movable guiding rail pedestals, 32- movable guiding rail guide rails, 321- straight lines Guide rail, 322- motors, 323- rotational lead screws, 4- movement large arm, 41- arm seats, 42- cantilever arms, 5- rotates forearm, and 51- turns Dynamic forearm controlled motor, 6- holder for welding gun, 61- holder for welding gun controlled motors, 7- welding guns.
Embodiment
A kind of welding robot, as shown in Figure 1, 2, including fixed guide rail 1, sliding block 2, movable guiding rail 3, mobile large arm 4, turns Dynamic forearm controlled motor 51, rotation forearm 5, holder for welding gun 6, holder for welding gun controlled motor 61 and welding gun 7.
Fixed guide rail 1 includes optical axis track 11, tooth bar 12, adsorbent equipment 13;Optical axis track 11 and tooth bar 12 are fixed in suction On adsorption device 13.The sliding block 2 is located on optical axis track 11;Gear 21 on sliding block 2 is mutually nibbled with tooth bar 12 Close, so as to be moved with movable slider 2 along guide rail direction.
Movable guiding rail 3 is located on sliding block 2, is moved together with sliding block;Movable guiding rail 3 includes 32 liang of pedestal 31 and guide rail Part;Pedestal 31 is installed on sliding block 2.
The arragement direction of guide rail 32 is vertical with the direction of fixed guide rail 1;Guide rail 32 includes line slideway 321, driven Dynamic motor 322 and rotational lead screw 323;The driving rotational lead screw 323 of motor 322 is rotated, so as to drive mobile large arm 4 along straight line Guide rail 321 is moved.
Mobile large arm 4 includes arm seat 41 and cantilever arm 42, and arm seat 41 is arranged on movable guiding rail 3, couples shape with leading screw 323 Into screw pair, moved along movable guiding rail direction;Cantilever arm 42 is fixed on arm seat 41, and the end of cantilever arm 42 is provided with rotation forearm 5;Rotate forearm 5 and be connected by rotating the end of secondary and cantilever arm 42, driven by rotating forearm controlled motor 51, parallel to The rotation with surface of movable guiding rail.
Holder for welding gun 6 is connected by rotating the secondary end with rotating forearm 5, and welding gun 7 is installed on holder for welding gun 6, Holder for welding gun 6 is with the reciprocally swinging of welding gun 7 under the driving of controlled motor 61, and swing angle is adjustable, so as to obtain having one The weld seam of fixed width degree.
Two or more pieces fixation guide rail 1 is subjected to splicing and expands welding scope, optical axis track described in splicing 11 is adopted Positioned with axis hole mode, the tooth of the end of tooth bar 12 on two fixation guide rails 1 connected forms one after being necessarily designed to matching The form of individual complete tooth form, as shown in Figure 3, it is ensured that sliding block is steadily moved on spliced long guideway.Fixed guide rail 1 can be done Into different size (length), to meet different work requirements.
As shown in figure 4, a kind of welding robot using spliced guide rail mode in the present invention, by splicing after lengthening Routing motion between fixed guide rail, movable guiding rail, mobile large arm, rotation forearm, holder for welding gun, can be well to straight The isometric weld seam of line, planar fold, arc is continuously welded, and improves operating efficiency.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of welding robot, it is characterised in that:Including fixed guide rail (1), sliding block (2), movable guiding rail (3), mobile large arm (4), rotate forearm (5), rotate forearm controlled motor (51), holder for welding gun (6), holder for welding gun controlled motor (61) and weldering Rifle (7);
The fixed guide rail (1) includes optical axis track (11), tooth bar (12) and adsorbent equipment (13);The optical axis track (11) and Tooth bar (12) is installed on adsorbent equipment (13), and optical axis track (11) parallel arrangement is in tooth bar (12) both sides, the tooth bar (12) it is located at the center of two optical axis tracks (11), the adsorbent equipment (13) is arranged on workpiece or workbench, leads fixation Rail (1) is fixed;
The sliding block (2) is located on optical axis track (11);Gear (21) is arranged in sliding block (2), is meshed with tooth bar (12), and Rotated by slider-actuated motor (22) drive gear (21), so as to be moved with movable slider (2) along guide rail direction;
The movable guiding rail (3) is arranged on sliding block (2), is moved together with sliding block;Movable guiding rail (3) includes pedestal (31) with leading To track (32) two parts;
The pedestal (31) is installed on sliding block (2);
Guide rail (32) arragement direction is vertical with the direction of fixed guide rail (1);Guide rail (32) includes line slideway (321), motor (322) and rotational lead screw (323), motor (322) driving rotational lead screw (323) are rotated, so that band Dynamic mobile large arm (4) is mobile along line slideway (321);
The mobile large arm (4) includes arm seat (41) and cantilever arm (42) two parts, and the arm seat (41) is arranged on movable guiding rail (3) on, and couple to form screw pair with rotational lead screw (323), moved along movable guiding rail direction;The cantilever arm (42) is fixed in On arm seat (41), cantilever arm (42) end is provided with rotation forearm (5);The rotation forearm (5) is by rotating secondary and cantilever arm (42) end is connected, and by rotating the driving of forearm controlled motor (51), in the rotation with surface parallel to movable guiding rail;
The holder for welding gun (6) is connected by rotating the secondary end with rotating forearm (5), and the welding gun (7) is installed in welding gun On clamper (6), holder for welding gun (6) is under controlled motor (61) driving with welding gun (7) reciprocally swinging.
2. welding robot as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The movable guiding rail pedestal (31) is led to sliding block (2) Cross bolt and connection is installed, to assemble and disassemble.
3. welding robot as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The adsorbent equipment (13) is using Magnetic adsorber or true Suction adnexa.
4. welding robot as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Expand welding model by way of splicing fixed guide rail Enclose, the optical axis track (11) is positioned using axis hole mode, it is ensured that sliding block is steadily moved on spliced long guideway.
CN201621208909.7U 2016-11-09 2016-11-09 A kind of welding robot CN206326287U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621208909.7U CN206326287U (en) 2016-11-09 2016-11-09 A kind of welding robot

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621208909.7U CN206326287U (en) 2016-11-09 2016-11-09 A kind of welding robot

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206326287U true CN206326287U (en) 2017-07-14

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201621208909.7U CN206326287U (en) 2016-11-09 2016-11-09 A kind of welding robot

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206326287U (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108544151A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-09-18 北京石油化工学院 Built-up welding robot and ring type separator pile-up welding system
CN109759675A (en) * 2019-03-14 2019-05-17 南昌航空大学 A kind of adaptive Bead weld repair device of list roller
CN110328476A (en) * 2019-07-27 2019-10-15 南京蹑波物联网科技有限公司 Automatic welding machine people is used in a kind of processing of industrial plant
CN110449777A (en) * 2019-07-02 2019-11-15 中国核工业华兴建设有限公司 A kind of all-position automatic welding technology trolley

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108544151A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-09-18 北京石油化工学院 Built-up welding robot and ring type separator pile-up welding system
CN109759675A (en) * 2019-03-14 2019-05-17 南昌航空大学 A kind of adaptive Bead weld repair device of list roller
CN110449777A (en) * 2019-07-02 2019-11-15 中国核工业华兴建设有限公司 A kind of all-position automatic welding technology trolley
CN110328476A (en) * 2019-07-27 2019-10-15 南京蹑波物联网科技有限公司 Automatic welding machine people is used in a kind of processing of industrial plant

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